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   Joplin Globe (Newspaper) - June 27, 1942, Joplin, Missouri                                THE WEATHER MISSOURI-Showcra and thunderstorms Saturday, no Important temperature change. KANSAS-Showers and thunderstorms northeast and north central Saturday. Sllgfctly cooler extreme northwest Saturday. OKLAHOMA-Continued warm Saturday. ARKANSAS-Little temperature change Saturday. Jnpltn ^ FTIT.T. AS.SOCIATI AS-SOCIATED PRESS REPORTS Final Edition VOL. XLVI. NO. 276. I'liblicatlon Office 117 East Fourth Street JOPLIN, MISSOURI, SATURDAY MOANING, JUNE 27, 1942.-TEN PAGES. Published Kvcry Morning Except Monday PRICE FIVE CENTS. Kll AND QUEEN SEE U. S. TROOPS IN MOCK BATTLE Yanks in Northern Ireland Demonstrate Their Striking Power Before British Monarchs. ROYAL PAIR RIDES IN BOUNCING TANKS Two Watch Infantry Swmg Past and See Big Guns in Action - Called "Best Show" of War. By BICE YAHNER. >( With the United States Forces in Northern Ireland, June 2Q.-(7Pi- King George and Queen Elizabeth, for the first time in this war, have watched United States forces demonstrate the power with which they intend to help Britifeh armies in repulsing any German invasion of the island kingdom. In a full-dress mock battle, the boys from the United States put on a show which shovyed everything from the operation of an electric doughnut maker to medium tanks in their full striking power. The ail-American display sent the king and queen on a "dizzy clip" .  in a series of incidents whose informality astounded court circles. "Best Show" of War. One member of the palace entourage who has followed the royal family for 12 years, said: "It was the best show put on during the war and the king seems happier than I have ever seen him." jl Accompanied by United States Ambassador John G. Winant, the monarchs spent one full day of a three-day visit to northern Ireland chatting and dining with United States troops and bouncing around in jeeps. At the army's Ulster encampment, they applauded a precision drill by lowans, saw anti-tank gunners score direct hits on a moving target and ate roast beef in the enlisted men's messhall. At the beginning of their day, their majesties reviewed part of tlie armored force, watched the infantry swing past, and rode in bouncing tanks through pits and over bunkers while sirens wailed jy'over the din of make-believe battle. Queen Talks to Sergeant. Then the king and queen were taken to a display of armored forces equipment, including medium and light tanks, armored cars, field hospitals, kitchens and still more secret weapons and other material. Queen Elizabeth asked weather-browned Sergeant Reuben Krage of Elyra, O., half a dozen sharp questions about his howitzer. "It is a beautiful weapon," he replied. Later, he said "she was a 'swell girl.' She talked like she knew something about guns. You would not have known she was a queen." Of Mess Sergeant Irvin S. Dawson of Benton, Ark., she inquired whether he carried a complete set of butcher knives into the field. "Yes, ma'am," he answered. See Scouts Fire at Targets. Then the king and queen watched motorcycle scouts armed with sub-1^ machine guns pour tracer bullets into silhouette targets. An anti-tank gun crew described as "probably one of the world's best," put. 14 out of 15 shells into a moving target at 700 yards. The crew was commanded by Sergeant Robert L. Cooper of Dallas, Tex., and included Private Wallace Hall of Preston, Mo. Next the royal party went to the messhall. While Major General Russell P. Hartle, commander of American forces in northern Ireland, sat between the king and queen, 58 officers and men filed by the same kitchen and received the same meal as the royal party. It was roast beef, peas, tomatoes, pear salad, cherry pie and coffee. Two Arkansans Lunch With Royalty By J. WES GALLAGHER. With United States Forces in Northern Ireland, June 26.-(.S*)- When Private Stanley Napersky left his factory job in Wilkes-Bar-i re, Pa., for the army he never '�V thought he's lunch with the king and queen of England. But Napersky and 56 comrades oi' his company had what he called "a swell time" playing host to their majesties. A platoon from the company commanded by Captain David T. Long of Shelbyville, Ky., won the distinction of lunching with the king and queen through efficiency competitions the previous week, y-^^ The king and queen ate a regular army meal with roast beef forming liie center-piece and were treated more informally than is the custom during such visits. And they both appeared delighted. "I wish my wife %Vas here," Pri- (Continued on Page-7), Fires Raging in Bremen Hours After R. A. F. Attack More Than 1,000 Planes Bomb German Port City m Third Annihilation Raid-Fifty-Two Fail to Return-Fierce Onslaught Lasts for 75 Minutes and Deals Heavy Blow to Nazi Industry-Moonlight Aids Raiders. By DREW MIDDLETON. London, June 26.-(.ff)-Fires kindled last night at Bremen, pwn-cipal target in what was probably the R. A. F.'s biggest night so far, still were burning this afternoon in that port city, heretofore known as a great German arsenal for the battle of the Atlantic. British reconnaissance planes hunted Bremen out h-j daylight to study her ruins and brought bacic that word, announced here tonight. Relays totalling more than 1,000 bombers converged on Bremen last night in a precision movement at first facilitated by the moonlight and the nai'thern lights � and later by the beckoning glare of bomb-set fires which studded the city. Two Nazi Planes Downed. German twin-engined night fighters, searchlights in their noses, challenged the attacking waves. At least two of these were shot down. Aircraft of the Royal Dutch naval air service, Polish and Czech squadrons and the Royal Canadian air force's demon squadrons participated with the R. A. F. bomber, coastal and army co-operation commands in the battering of Bremen. One pilot called the nighttime scene "a crazy galaxy of green and red, interspersed with orange flares and blue searchlights." Pilots said some of the "many large _ fires" glowed through the clouds and rivaled the aurora borealis. The attack was jammed into 75 minutes, or a quarter hour less than the recent all-out assault on Cologne. It was the third of the great city-by-city annihilation raids, and indications were that the number of attackers exceeded the 1,130 which razed Cologne on May 30 and the 1,036 which devastated Essen two nights later. British Lose 53 Planes. The air ministry announced that a single force of "more than 1,000 bombers" chose Bremen for their main blows, while a second force of bombers and fighters made intensive harassing attacks on German airdromes in the low countries. This latter force v/as believed to have been in the hundreds. Although the night'.s total loss was 52 planes, highest in R. A. F. history, informed persons said this was less than 5 per cent of the participating aircraft, thus indicating that more than 1,040 planes were used. An informed air source asserted the raid "dealt a very heavy blow" to German industry. INCREASE IN SUGAR RATIONS STUDIED OPA   SAYS   LARGER   ALLOWANCES WILL DEPEND ON IMPORT PROSPECTS. Washington, June 26.-(;P)-Although present supplies of sugar in this country are "far below normal," the office of price administration announced today it was exploring the possibility of bigger sugar rations. Any decision on a "modest increase" in the present weekly ration of one half a pound a person would necessarily depend on prospects for shipments from Puerto Rico and Cuba in the next six months, OPA said, because stocks of sugar now on hand "do not of themselves justify any increase." Stocks Less Than Year Ago. Reports of bulging warehouses are misleading, the rationing agency declared. Actually total sugar stocks are 33 per cent less than a year ago. Overtaxed storSige facilities are mainly in the gulf area, it was stated, and are caused by ships unloading supplies there instead of taking the normal route up the Atlantic coast to New York and other refinery cities. The final decision will depend on shipping prospects, but also will be influenced by information which will be available in 10 days or a fortnight on actual consumption and distribution under the rationing program, OPA said. NmH MEMBER OF FAMILY JOINS AMERICAN NAVY Portland, Ore., June 26.-(/P)-The last Patten pending joined up tonight.  That made nine in the navy. He is Wayne Patten, 18 years old, the youngest of eight brothers, who with 882 other recruits was sworn into the service by Ensign Donald Mason of "Sighted sub, sank same" fame. The mass induction highlighted a visit of 15 American and British war heroes. The other Pattens, former Iowa residents who moved to Ridgefield, Wash., a few years ago, were on hand. They were Floyd Patten, the father, now in the navy recruiting service, and his seven other sons, all survivors of the Lexington: Clarence, Ray, Bruce, Marvin, Allen, Gilbert and Myrne. HOURLY TEMPERATURES The mercury rose to a high reading of 88 degrees yesterday at 4 p. m. from a low of 78 degrees at 6 a. m. Scattered thundershowers are forecast for today. High and low readings a year ago yesterday were 88 and 74 degrees. Hourly temperatures ; 1 a. m..........80| 1 p. m..........Sf) 2 a.  m..........801 2  p.  ni..........8 3 A.  m..........801 3 �1 a.  m..........801 -1 m..........791 .1 ill..........78! � 111..........781 1 m..........78 9 a.  m..........78 ;> a. 6 a. 7 a. 8 a. Noou 1 a. ni..........87 m..........88 m..........88 111..........88 111..........SS m..........86 m..........SI m..........83 m..........83 ............SlUMklniglit   .........82 Siitiirday. m,..........81| 2 a. m......... ,79 p. p. p. P-P- 8 p. 9 p. m..........81110 p. m..........82111   p. URGE OCCUPATION OF ALL FRANCE HITLER'S   GENERALS   FAVOR STEP TO OFFSET PROJECTED ALLIED INVASION. London, June 27.-(Saturday)- (2P)-An unusually well informed foreig:n source said today that Adolf Hitler is being urged by his military commanders to "arrange" the occupation of all France to offset the projected "second front" invasion of Europe by the United Nations. This source declared that the report came through the same "trustworthy underground channels which disclosed that guns from the Maginot and Siegfried lines aru being moved to the English channel coast for defense fortifications." Command Shaken Up. In addition, Hitler has shaken up his military command, replacing 26 division commanders in the last three or four weeks, it was said. The changes in the German military organization, this source said, parallel the moves to stiffen civilian morale in the reich under the decree against "anti-social" elements who endanger the totalitarian state in Germany. This source warned against considering moves by the Germans as "signs of weakness at the present stage." "They should be taken for the present just for what they are," this source said"-evidence of German preparedness that the Allies must be equipped to overcome when they invade." U. S. STEEL TO BEGIN ADVERTISING CAMPAIGN New York, June 26.-(^)-The United States Steel Corporation will begin next week the first national newspat)er advertising campaign in its 41-year-history, a series intended to tell how the company is taking part in the war effort. The first advertisements will appear next Tuesday in 263 dailies in 168 key market and steel plant communities. The company said opace taken would range from 900 to 1,200 lines, and that the first insertion would be followed by three others at intervals of a week or ten days. Copy will employ a "news bulletin" technique. SOUTH DAKOTA WOULD BORROW ELECTRIC CHAIR Lincoln, Neb., June 20.-(/P)- South Dakota state's attorney Frank S. Tait asked Attorney General Walter R. Johnston today it' South Dakota might borrow Nebraska's electric chair during the week of August 9. Tait informed Johnson that two South Dakota prisoners were under death sentence and that the war priorities board could not approve releasing materials for a new chair needed in South Dakota. Wilbur J. Carr Dies. Baltimore, June 26.-(i5>)-Wilbur J. Carr of New York, former assist-jint secretary of state and more recently United States minister to Czecho-Slovakia who often was called the "father of the American foreign service," died unexpectedly tonight at Johns Hopkins hospital. He was 71 years old. MADE BY PLANE Britain Announces His Safe Arrival From U. S. >Vhere He Conferred With President Roosevelt. STEPS INTO MIDST OF POLITICAL CRISIS Prime Minister Ready to Defend Government Against Criticism Arising From Setback in Africa. London, June 27.- (Saturday)- (IP)- Winston Churchill returned safely to England early today after a flight across the Atlantic and, fresh from a series of conferences with President Roosevelt on the war's strategy, prepared to defend his government against criticism arising from the setback to British armed forces in Africa. Flying home from America for the second time in little more than six months, the prime minister stepped into the midst of the most serious political crisis of his turbulent career. No one doubted that he returned in a fighting mood, determined to defend vigorously his government and his conduct of the war. But the opposition is in a fighting mood, too. Harriman in Party. W. Averill Harriman, United States lend-lease administrator in London, accompanied Churchill on the homeward flight, but the brief announcement of their safe arrival did not list other members of the party. The last official news of Churchill's activities was that he addressed United States congressional leaders in Washington Thursday. He also attended a meeting of the Pacific war council the same day. Last January, Churchill flew back to England from another series of conferences in Washington. The announcement of his arrival said: "It is officially announced that the prime minister is safely back in this country. Averill Harriman is in the party." BARON VON SPIEGEL REPORTED ON U-BOAT Former  German  Consul  at  New Orleans Said to Be Commanding Raider in Gulf. Clearwater, Fla., June 26.-(.ff")-An army lieutenant, survivor of a ship torpedoed in the Caribbean, said today the commander of a submarine that sunk his ship identified himself as Baron Von Spiegel, former German consul at New Orleans. Von Spiegel, widely reported but not definitely identified as commanding a U-boat in the gulf and Caribbean, is thoroughly familiar with the gulf coast and its harbors through his peacetime knowledge of the areas. "The submarine surfaced," said Lieutenant John Paxton, "and the commander addressed us in perfect English, introducing himself as Baron Von Spiegel. "He gave us directions to land, but not trusting his directions, we rowed in the opposite and reached land within four days without the loss of a single life in our life- j boat." Von Spiegel had commanded a German submarine during world war No. 1. The sinking of Lieutenant Paxton's ship %a.d previously been announced by the navy. RUSSIANS SAVAGELY CONTEST NAZI ADVANCE IN UKRAINE; EGYPTIAN DEFENDERS DIG IN BRITISH AWAIT ATTACK ON LINE 40 MILES LONG TWO VESSELS SUNK BY JAP SUBMARINES Torpedo Explosion Kills Gun Crew on One of Ships-Attack Made A57ithout Warning. * Somewhere in Australia, June 27. -(Saturday)-(.4^)-Two Allied merchant ships have been sunk by Japanese torpedoes in the Pacific, it was disclosed tonight by survivors who reached an Australian port. All of the crew of a freighter with, the exception of anti-aircraft gunners were saved after days of drifting in the lonely reaches of the Pacific. The survivors told how the submarine attacked without warning shortly after midnight. The explosion of one torpedo killed the gun crew outright. The second ship was torpedoed after it attempted to tow the freighter into port. The Japanese submarine rose to the surface, her commander ordered the crew of the second ship to abandon the vessel and then sank the craft. BOY TELLS DEATH SECRET KEPT TO AVOID SPANKING St. Louis, June 26. -(IP)- Six-year-old Henry Obenhaus didn't care today if he did get spanked for playing near the river, he just couldn't keep secret any longer the drowning of his brother, Danny, 8, in the Mississippi 10 days ago. Young Henry sobbed out today that Danny fell into the river while they played on a cinderpile. The younger brother summoned help, but would-be rescuers were unable to locate the body. He remained tight-lipped, the lad said, because his mother threatened to spank him if he ever played near the river. During his period of silence the parents, Mr. and Mi's. August Obenhaus, had remained in constant touch with the police on the older youth's disappearance. GERMAN BOMBERS ATTACK CITY IN EAST ANGLIA Berlin (From German Broadcasts), June 27.-(Saturday)-(/P) -Major formations of German bombers attacked an unidentified city in East Anglia early today, the German radio said. (Reports from London said German raiders were over East Anglia early Saturday morning and that they had dropped incendiaries, but "the raid was neither long nor heavy."). APPROVE CAPITAL SHIPS FOR NAVY SENATE   REFUSES   TO   HALT THEIR   CONSTRUCTION - PASSES EXPANSION BILL. Washington, June 26. -(IP)- The senate, after discussing naval matters in an extraordinary secret session, summarily rejected today an effort by Senator Clark, democrat, Missouri, to cancel the navy's authority to construct new battleships. Then, it passed by voice vote an $8,500,000,000 naval expansion bill authorizing the building of 500 combatant ships-carriers, cruisers and destroyers. The bill, which now goes to the White House, does not ^irovide for any battleships. However, the navy is left free to build, or not, as it chooses battleships previously authorized. Clark Alone Supports Proposal. Clark said the navy had decided to build no new battleships at present, and hence the authority should be cancelled. But when his amendment came to a vote his was the only audible affirmative vote. Previously, the senate cleared its galleries of spectators and newspapermen for the first time in years, while Chairman Walsh, democrat, Massachusetts, of the naval committee, presented naval experts' views formed in the light of the most recent war developments. For 8 minutes the senate listened to Walsh and debated the question in secret. Then the doors were opened again and Clark presented his amendment, saying the navy department had decided not to build any new battleships at this time. Walsh replied that In his opinion the Clark amendment amounted to a move to "freeze" the construction of further battleships, and Senator Connally, democrat, Texas, shouted: "I'm not going to vote to tell the European Axis powers to come on over, we're not going to have any battleships." ALLIED AIRMEN HEAVILY BOMB LAE AND SALAMAUA Allied Headquarters in Australia, June 27.-(Saturday)- (/P) -Allied bombers heavily attacked Lae and Salamaua on partially Japanese-occupied New Guinea island and blasted a Japanese ship coming into Lae harbor, General Douglas Mac-Arthur's headquarters reported today. An Allied communique said the latest raid was more destructive than any previously reported. The raid had been described earlier, but today's communique said "further details indicate that the damage inflicted on enemy buildings and other installations was much greater than originally reported." An enemy supply ship, approaching Lae, was bombed and machine-gunned in low level attacks, the communique declared, "despite heavy anti-aircraft fire." Two probable hits were scored on the ship's bridge, it was stated. Eighteen heavy Japanese bombers attacked the Allied air base at Port Moresby, New Guinea, "without serious damage," the communique said. Between six and 10 enemy planes were shot down, MacArthur's headquarters reported, while four Allied planes were lost. Two of the pilots were rescued. Axis Advance Groups Clash With Allied Covering Forces Less Than 200 Miles From Alexandria. AM^ICAN AIRMEN STRIKE AT TOBRUK London, June 26.-(/P)-The Free French Independent News Agency, in a dispatch from Moscow, said tonight that more than 100 Soviet bombers and dive-bombers attacked a large German fleet in a Finnish 'port near Leningrad, sinking sev-�eral troopships and setting file to fuel dumps and other installations in the port. The Russians lost one plane during the attack, it was stated. Field Marshal Rommel's Columns Roll On and Have Reached Pouit 30 Miles West of Matruh. Bomber Crashes Into Barn. Bellelonte, Pa., June 26.-(/P)-A large army bomber crashed into a barn while attempting to land at the airport here, state motor police reported. None of the crew was injured. The officers said the big ship overran the field and smashed into the bariu By EDWARD KENNEDY. Cairo, June 26.-(-S")-The battle of Egypt was fast developing tonight in continuous clashes of Axis advance groups and British covering forces less than 200 miles from Alexandria. United States army air force Liberators struck hard at Tobruk, the closest supply port which German Field Marshal Rommel can use to supply and maintain his full scale advance. Th^ main elements of Rommel's striking force, aggregating in all two Gex'man armored divisions and one Italian division, had attained at last reports a point 30 miles west of Matruh. Supported by Infantry. Supported by mobile infantry, these principal Axis tank columns were proceeding along a wide desert avenue some 15 to 20 miles from the coast. Smaller enemy units were along the coast, and others, considerably southward, reached the western rim of the Qattara depression, an inland cauldron of soft sand below sea level, where they were dealt With by British armored patrols. The British Eighth army itseU was reported digging in on a 40-mile line, flanked on the right by the Mediterranean at Matruh and on the left' by the supposedly impenetrable Qattara sink, awaiting the battle which will determine whether Egypt can be held until reinforcements arrive. So far as could be determined, the main Axis and British forces had not collided, but in view of the delay in battle front communications, this could not be said for certain. Believe Axis WiU Be Held. In Cairo, United Nations informants insisted there was every reason to believe the enemy could be held unless Lieutenant General Neil M. Ritchie's army, badly hammered in the three-week defeat in Libya, goes completely to pieces. They said there was no reason at present to believe that it would go to pieces. They reiterated that Rommel, although he has thrown all his striking power into his advance, is operating on a shoestring just as are the British. Up to now he has manipulated this shoestring more skillfully but as he advances, his problems of communications and supply become more difficult. View Not Shared In London. (This view was not entirely shared in London. There, the natural advantages of Ritchie's Matruh line failed to allay anxiety over the impending battle, particularly in view of doubt over whether he had salvaged enough guns and other heavy equipment to back up his infantry. (To London observers it appeared that Rommel was bringing up a heavy enough mobile force to take full advantage of any sudden break-through by the familiar German tactics of swift encirclement which, if successful, might wipe out the bulk of Britain's Eighth army. London estimates of Rommel's tank strength in Egypt ranged from 230 to 500 or 600, his supporting armored and supply vehicles from 1,500 up, and there were some experts who believed he could conceivably bring up 100,000 men for the assault. (Strategically, the situation was viewed this way by a former cabinet member: ("If Egypt goes, our control of the Middle East and our chances of aiding Russia through Persia go with it. A defeat in Egypt would open the way for Axis control of Africa, Europe and Asia thiough ^(Continued on page r BIG GERMAN FLEET ATTACKED BY REDS Russian Airmen Said to Have Sunk Several Troopships in a Finnish Port. MUSCOVITES HALT RETREAT; STRIKE, BACK AT INVADER Battle a Great Melee of Meii and Tanks With Soviet Report Indicating Foe Has Been Stopped. SUBMARINES SINK 2 MORE VESSELS BRINGS   TOLL   IN   ATLANTIC WATERS TO 313-ONE SHIP ELUDES RAIDER. By the Associated Press. The toll of neutral and United Nation's merchant vessels in Atlantic waters rose to 313 yesterday, the day set by a Hitler proclamation for the commencement of an all-out submarine offensive. The two ships announced lost yesterday by the navy were a small United States cargo ship and a medium-sized British vessel. The navy reported another U-boat attack on a second American craft which eluded the raider and made port despite a great hole in her side. Five Reported Missing. Twenty-three crewmen survived the sinking of the small American merchantman, but five others were reported missing. The vessel was sunk by a large German submarine in the Gulf of Mexico May 4. Survivors .drifted for 55 hours on life rafts before they were rescued by a Panamanian ship. With half her starboard side torn away by an Axis torpedo, the second American merchantman limped into a gulf coast port after a 12-day voyage across the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. The navy said the British ship was torpedoed and sunk off the east coast of South America about two weeks ago. Only two of a crew of 60 were reported lost. In the Caribbean area, 58 crewmen from an Allied ship sunk June 12 still were missing after the arrival of 20 survivors yesterday at Monte Cristy, the newspaper La Nacion at Cuidad Trujillo, Dominican Republic, reported. The paper said a Dominican coast guard cutter had picked up the survivors. The eleventh Japanese submarine attack on shipping off the North American west coast was disclosed by the Canadian navy with the safe arrival of a merchantman at a west coast Canadian port after a "determined attack" by a Japanese undersea craft. Some damage to the siiip was* reported, but no lives were lost. CAPTURE OF IZYUM ' CLAIMED BY GERMANS Reds Beat Off Attack After Attack   at   Sevastopol, but Their Position Is Still Grave. t? SEN. VANDENBERG PLEADS FOR ''UNITED WAR FRONT" Grand Hayen, Mich., June 26.- (IP)-America is invincible ad long as the people of the nation can be adequately and honestly informed about the facts and the realties of the war through the press. United States Senator Arthur H. Vanden-berg, republican, Michigan, told members of the Michigan Press Editorial Association tonight. Pleading for a "united war effort until final victory," and sharply condemning "piddling critics" who per.aist in keeping anti-intervention discussion alive, Vandenberg at the same time called on the press to Jjring to the public's attention any "incompetence or dereliction" in the conduct of the war. FARMERS SCOOP UP FISH WITH PITCHFORKS St. Charles, Mo., June ,,26.-(/Pi-Farmers of St. Charles county have found little to be happy about as the surging waters from the Mis-.souri river cauldron floods their lands, but with the water has come fish-fish by the basketful. Game wardens, who said the fish would die anyway, permitted everyone but dealers to catch all they wanted. Farmers waded into fields with baskets, scooping up the fish with pitchforks and even with their hands. By HENRY C. CASSIDY. Moscow, June 27.-(Saturday)- (IP)-With enemy activity increasing along the whole front, Soviet forces of the Ukraine battled attacking Germans in a great mele� of men and machines last night after dropping back before the pounding of the Nazis, the Russians reported today. Down in the Crimea, Sevastopol's defcndcr.9 beat off one enemy assault after another, the Soviets added. "Our troops in the Kharkov direction fought with the attacking: enemy forces," said the midnight Soviet information bureau communique, indicating that Marshal Timo-shenko's defenders had turned and brought a halt to the German advance. * Nazis Attack in Waves. With the increasing activity heiv aiding a possible general German_^>; offensive, the Russians   said   the" Nazis   were   throwing   waves   of : tanks and infantry at their troops after the enemy offensive had roll-  : ed past the important rail junction  ; of Kupyansk, 60 miles southeast of Kharkov, and to  the Oskol  river, an eastern tributary of the Donets. (The Germans, claiming their ; troops also had captured Izyum, 70 miles southeast of Kharkov, reported their offensive below Kharkov had achieved its purpose of ;-i straightening the front in that area and that it "may be considered con-eluded.") "As a result of fierce battles, : populated places continually are � changing hands," the midnight �; communique said of the fighting in the Kharkov direction. "We are  inflicting heavy losses on the enemy." ,S (The Russian communique indi- > cated the Red Army had halted its backward movement in the Ukraine. It was the first such indication since the Soviets acknowledged last Tuesday that the Germans had opened a drive and had taken the initiative on the Ukraine front.) Driven From Moscow. The Germans, attempting an air raid on Moscow, last night turned tail before Soviet fighters and a hurricane of exploding steel sent up by ground batteries, the communique reported. It listed six of the enemy raiders destroyed without a single Soviet loss. In a ground attack, the Nazis hurled an infantry force against the Russians in the recently active Bryansk sector, southwest of Moscow, and penetrated the Soviet front line at one point, but were sent reeling back, the Russians said. The Nazis left 160 dead on the battlefield, the communique said, and suffered heavy additional casualties. Farther to the north in the Kalinin sector between Moscow and Leningrad, the Germans threw an unsuccessful attack in force against a hill commanding a junction of two rivers. . ^ Raids in Karelian Sector, At the top of the front, the Gep-. mans were repoi'ted making daily ^ air raids along the Karelian sector ^ in an effort to cut Soviet communi-  cations to Murmansk, a port of entry for Allied war aid.   In one engagement the Russians said an outnumbered Soviet  squadron attacked a German force of 23 bombers and 18 Messerschmitt fighters;. knocking down four of the enemy: bombers and one fighter. In the bloody battle for Sevastopol, the main German effort was being directed at widening a wedeo in the north side of the fortreM^V while reserves were being broughi"' f up for a new onslaught. Dispatches from this scarred   port  said   tlt
                            

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