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Joplin Globe (Newspaper) - June 3, 1942, Joplin, Missouri THIS WEATHER MISSOURI and KANSAS-Continued warm Wednesday. Few scattered thunderstorms. OKLAHOMA-Continued warm Wednesday. Few widely scattered thundershowers. ARKANSAS-Little cflange In temperature. FULL ASSOCIATED FBESS REPORTS Final Edition VOL. XLVI. NO. 255. FoDllcatlon Ufflce 117 East Ifoartb Street JOPLIN, MISSOURI, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JUNE 3, 19 42.-TEN PAGES. Published Every Slommg Except Monday PRICE FIVE CENTS. V 9 MORE VESSELS SUNK IN ATLANTIC BY AXIS U-BOATS Forty-One Seamen Dead or Missing-^Incomplete Survivor Totals Show 286 Landed Safely. DRIVE INTENSIFIED BY UNDERSEA RAIDERS Among Those Saved Are 59 Sailors From Large U. S. Motorship Torpedoed in Caribbean. By the Associated Press., Deadly torpedoes have blasted nine more ships to the bottom of the Atlantic in intensified U-boat warfare, but the loss of life was small, the navy reported last night in a three-day resume of announced, sinkings. Only 41 seamen were listed as dead or miSsing from the nine vessels and incomplete survivor totals showed at least 286 sailors landed safely. Three announced sinkings yesterday boosted the toll in Atlantic and adjacent waters since the start of the war to 236. Six had been reported the previous two days. Ammunition Exploded. Fifty-nine seamen froma67-man crew survived the torpedoing of a largo American motorship in the y Caribbean sea northwest of Trinidad. The men were picked up by a United States ship one day after the sinking, which occurred MaY 17. They said that enemy projectiles exploded ammunition in' the ship with a terrific-^ blast. Only one man was killed when a Pananianiaiv merchant ship plunged to the bottom after a torpedo hit in the Atlantic. The attack took place May 20 and 44 survivors were rescued by an American naval vessel. Led by plucky Captain Angus Shaw, the full crew of 61 from a-British merchant ship landed at an Atlantic port after sailing for eight days in open lifeboats. Dur-. ing a storm the three boats became separated, but the men were so sure of their course that they declined to be rescued by an outbound ship and continued on to land. Men Were Eating. Most of the men were eating when the first missile rijjped into the side of the vessel and they were within 200 yards of the stricken vessel when a second torpedo crashed into the engine room. "I'd give the teeth out of my head (they're of the store variety) if they'd give me something to hunt those submarines with," .snapped bronzed Captain Shaw, a veteraij of 42 years ' at sea. "A sensation of absolute vindictive bitterness swept over me when I saw my ship go down." Meanwhile, additional details were given of the sinking of a small United States cargo ship May 20 in the Gulf of Mexico. The , stories of two rescued seamen dis-^'closed a probable loss of 39 lives, the biggest toll of any gulf sinking. John G. Traubal of Gibbsboro, N. J., and Rolf Helland of Philadelphia both suffered from blindness and exposure and it took physicians two hours to remove the heavy oil coating which encased them. The two said their ship was attacked by two submarines and collapsed "like an accordion" when hit from two sides almost simultaneously. A third survivor, Joseph Schackleford' of Severn, Va., was taken to a Mexican port. mOSm MAN OVT FOR STATE SUPERINTENDENT Jefferson City, June 2.-UP)~ Roy Scantlin of Neosho, Newton county school superintendent since 1927, today entered the race for the republican nomination for state superintendent of schools. Scantlin will be opposed by Lance Duff of Eldorado Springs in the republican primary. Lloyd W. King, seeking his third term, and I C. F. Scotten of Sedalia have filed for the democratic nomination. The republican field in the Twelfth district congressional race grew to four today with the entry of Josephus M. Todd of Webster Groves and Daniel M. Kerckhoff of Crescent. Walter Ploeser, the incumbent, and Roland H. Holl filed previously for the republican nomination. Nazi Magistrates Seized. Bern, Switzerland, June 2.--(-4')- The Germans have started arresting magistrates in Cologne, Hannover, Frankfort, Dresden and other cities for being too indulgent with people "dissatisfied with the Nazi regime and the war," it was learned here tonight. This action was ia hne with Hitler's last speech disciplining the judiciary. Coffee, Cocoa and Beef Affected by Import Order Three Classed as Least Essential in Announcement War Production Board Will Take Control July 2 Over All Goods ' Entermg United States-Priority System WUl Give Strategic Materials First' Call on Shipping Space. Washington, June 2. -(JP)- The war production board tonight announced it would take control on July 2 over all imports into the United States, cp/npelling foreign vessels to give preference to war-essential cargoes rather than shipments ti'ansported primarily for profit. Among civilian commodities classed as least essential imports, which would be affected by the action, were coffee, cocoa, bananas and beef. WPB spokesmen said the action, taken in a complete revision of previous import control orders, would establish a priority system on shipping space for imports through controls over purchases in this coun-tiy. Not Ali in Pool. Heretofore, controls have been exercised by the war shipping administration through the maritime pool of the United Nations. However, some countries-notably, in the �western hemisphere, Argentina and Chile - have not entered the pool and this government could not control use of their ships. Commodities for import are listed in three groups, with strategic materials first, essential civilian commodities second, and items of least importance third. No person, except government agencies, may import items on any of the three lists without first obtaining specific permission from the WPB. The board will be guided in granting permission by the relative importance of the goods involved. After arrival in this country, items on list one may be sold only to government agencies, or to others upon specific WPB authority. This is substantially the present method of handling these imports. No Restrictions on Sales. Items on the second list may be sold without restriction, insofar as the import order is concerned. Their domestic uses are controlled by other WPB orders except where control is not considered necessary. Imports may continue to be made on existing contracts for strategic and essential civilian commodities, but contracts for articles classed as least essential will not be allowed to stand; specific authorization for these imports must be obtained for all items in the third group, regardless of existing contracts. The items on list 3 include certain animal and vegetable fats, canned and corned beef, pickled 6v cured beef and veal, chicle, cocoa or cocoa beans, coffee, raw cotton and cotton waste, butter, cheese, eggs, condensed milk, certain fabrics and fibers, bananas, grapes, melons, peaches, pears, corn, rye, certain grain preparations, horse-hides, iodine and nitrates. NELSON'S BOARD WEIGHS QUESTION OF RATIONING GAS War Production Chiet Says After Conference Decision Possibly Will Be Announced Before Tuesday. MIDWEST SENATORS HIT AT PROPOSAL Capper Says Lunit of 5 Gallons a Week for Motorists, as Suggested, Would Cause Hardships. BEST LAMB BRINGS 50 CENTS A POUND WALLACE BROTHERS BUYS IN CHAMPION AT JOPLIN JUN-lOR LAMB SHOW. Wallace Brothers Packing Company paid 50 cents a pound for the grand champion lamb at the second annual Joplin Junior Lamb Show at the Joplin stockyards yesterday to maintain its reputation as a buyer of champion livestock. The Joplin packing firm offered its bid of half a dollar a pound yesterday afternoon when Bruce Lor-enz of Carthage offered the best lamb of more\than 300 head in the sale ring, and nobody was willing to top the price. Then the First National bank passed all bidders by giving 19 cents a pound for the grand champion pen-of-three shown by young Joseph Flehmer of the Pierce City F. F. A., and from then on it was nip and tuck in snappy bidding for all the good lambs offered in the show. Swift, Armour Lead. Swift & Co. and Armour & Co. were the main buyers of the fine flocks of lambs which the 4-H clubbers* and the Future Farmers brought into the show, but Herman Wallace of the Wallace Brothers firm crowded them close tov the top-place winners. Gene O'Keef e and Herb Klecan bid for Armour, and Leonard Roark and Jim Mc-Ginriis were in the ring for Swift in the fast auction. After the champions had sold, the buyers settled down to try to buy the lambs at market price, but continually had to pay 25-75 cents above the market for the bulk of the supply. Buyers, besides Wallace Brothers, Armour and Swift, included the Joplin Kfational Bank and Trust Conipany, the Kroger Stores organization, the Owen Bros. & Friend Livestock Commission Company, the National Livestock Commission Company, the Burney-Wiles Livestock Commission Company, the Joplin Globe, the Joplin Stockyards Company, W. E. Stone of Webb City, Auctioneer John Tennison of Goodman, Auctioneer Horace Ches-nutt of Chetopa, the Goodman State Bank at Goodman, L. E. (Sonny) Clark, Stockyards Horseshoe cafe, Fred Foster, Max Hixson, The Globe farm editor, and others. Large cro\yd3 gathered early yesterday morning at the stockyards to watch the hot competition, and Prof. T. A. Ewing of the Missouri college of agriculture was watched intently as he went about weeding out the good lambs from the bad, and there wefe few. Robert S. Clough, state 4-H Club agent, assisted in the judging. A complete list of winners will be seen in the farm department. NAZI RAIDER APPROACHES LONDON BUT VEERS AWAY ARMY ML SEND JAPSTOARKANSAS CAMP FOB 10,000 EVACUEES TO BE ESTABLISHED IN DESHA COUNTY. Little Rock, Ark., June 2.-(JP)- Arkansas, which at the last census had less than a dozen Japanese residents, will furnish quarters for 10,000 of them in an army-controlled evacuation camp at Rohwer, small farming community 10 miles north of McGehee in the rich Mississippi river delta land of Desha county. Governor Homer M. Adkins announced plans for the camp tonight following announcement of the relocation by Lieutenant General J'. L. Dewitt, commanding the western defense command and the Fourth army at San Frartcisco. Camp on 13,200-Acre Tract. State Director E. B. Whitaker of the farm security administration simultaneously announced he had been granted a leave of absence for the duration to direct the establishment. Whitaker said the camp would be established on approximately 12,000 acres of land comprising all of the FSA's Kelso farms and about 1,200 acres of its adjoining Alluvial Farms. Neither of these FSA projects has been developed and both are uninhabited, Whitaker said. The land had been purchased as a reserve for use as resettlement projects after the war. Governor Adkins said the movement was a "trial shot" and 5,000 to 10,000 more Japanese might follow if the project is a success. Whitaker said the Japanese would: Produce food for themselves. Produce anything that might be used by the army. Improve lands, the benefits of which would accrue to the national, state or county government. If a shortage of labor arose, be allowed under proper arrangements to supplement labor in their area. JAPANESE WAREHOUSES DESTROYED BY RAIDERS London, June 3.-(Wednesday)- (JP)-An air raid alarm sounded in London early today, but the all-clear followed shortly. . A single German raider approached the city before veering away. The last night attack on London was November 1, 1941, when a few bombs fellHn two districts. A brief daylight alert was sounded last March 16. , Allied Headquarters, Australia, June 3.-(Wednesday)-(iP)-Allied bombers destroyed Japanese warehouses, barracks and road transports in heavy attacks yesterday on Timor and Florida islands above this continent. General Mac-Arthur's headquarters announced today. Other offensive units bombed and Itrafed the Japanese airdrome at Rabaul, New Britain island, the communique said. In the attack on Japanese-held Dutch Timor, the Allied airmen chose a new target, the town of Atamboea on Timor's north coast near the island's center. Barracks were demolished and extensive fires left raging. Ten miles south of Atamboea another barracks and road transport were taken under fire, the communique said. One Allied raider failed to return from that operation. On the Florida island in the Solomon, group northeast of Australia, a large warehouse was destroyed and other enemy installations were set afire. All the Alhed bombers returned. Washington, June 2.-(.ff')~Chair-man Donald M. Nelson of the war production board said today that a decision on nation-wide gasoline rationing possibly would be announced before next Tuesday. Nelson said WPB took no definite action at a meeting this afternoon, but had "gone over the whole question" of the nation's rubber shortage and had discussed the proposed rationing with all interested government officials. Asked whether the final decision would be left up to President Roosevelt, Nelson said that it might be but added: "Or he may ask us to make it- we're ready either way." Ickes Is Present. In addition to Petroleum Co-Ordi-nator Ickes, other government officials attending today's WPB session included Archibald MacLeish, director of the office of facts and figures. On Capitol Hill, meanwhile, mid-western senators cut across party lines to express opposition to possible extension of rationing to the mid-continent. Senator Langer, republican, North Dakota, said he would back Senator Connally, democrat, Texas, "to the utmost" in the Texan's demand for a full open hearing "before any additional rationing order was issued. Taking notice of reports that midwestei'n motorists might be limited to an average of 5 gallons of gasoline a week by mid-July or August 1, Senator Capper, republican, Kansas, declared that such an order would "wreak a great hardship on the people and be disastrous to that part of the country." Capper Opposes Plan. "I'm very much opposed to any rationing program, and j don't think five gallons would take care of the people jj^ that area," Capper said. "There has been an overwhelming protest all over the middlewest against gasoline rationing, especially in the states which are the largest oil producers." Connally said he favored making every sacrifice necessary to win the war. "However," he added, "in states where refineries are producing more gasoline than can be con-sunned under present conditions and where such gasoline is readily accessible to the consuming public, there seems ho logic in requiring that such consumers be rationed." A Hearing Proposed. Connally and other oil state senators recently met and urged Donald Nelson, director of the war production board, and Leon Henderson, price administrator, to hear from the lawmakers, the oil industry and citizens generally. Senator Brooks, republican, Illinois, saw a possible way out in the nation's surplus grain stocks. "Before they ration gasoline in the midwest," Brooks declared, "the government should make every effort.to utilize the grain of the midwest to produce the rubber which would make gasoline rationing unnecessai-y." PRO-NAZI PARIS EDITOR KILLED; SLAYER ESCAPES Vichy, June 2. - (^) - A1 b e r t Clement, collaborationist editor of the French popular party's newspaper Le Cri du Peuple, was killed by an assassin's bullets and his wife was wounded on a busy street in central Paris tonight. A bicyclist opened fire on the Clements as they were walking in the Rue Vivienne, near the Bourse. The first shots wounded Mme. Clement and 9, passerby. Then Clement was hit and killed by two more shots before the assassin pedalled furiously away. WmOOW WASHER RESIGNS; SAVED BY SAFETY BELT ROOSEVELT ASKS WAR ON THREE NATIONS Says Bulgaria, Himgary and Rumania Engaged in Military Activities Against Allies. Washington, June 2.-(/P)-President Roosevelt asked congress to make the list of America's enemies officially complete today by declaring war on the Axis satellite nations, Bulgaria, Hungary and Rumania. As "instruments of Hitler," he said in a special message to congress, these countries had declared war on the United States. Further, he said, they were engaged in military activities against the United Nations, activities which were about to be broadened. Therefore, he urged that congress recognize the existence of a state of war between them. The acquiescence of congress in the president's request was regarded as a mere formality. Arrangements were made to bring up a war resolution in the house tomorrow, and in the senate later. BOMBS SHOWERED ON ESSEN; PLANTS SUPPL YING NAZI WAK MACHINE BELIEVED CRIPPLED COmr BATTERED Fl FIVE DAYS BUT IT BEACHES RUSSIA WITH SUPPLIES WITH LOSS OF ONLY SIX SHIPS. London, June 2. -(iP)- Battered for five days and nights in the strange, imending light of the Arctic's midnight sun by U-boats and at least 100 German planes, a big U. S.-British supply convoy was disclosed today to have reached a Russian port with an indicated loss of but half a dozen ships. The result was announced by the admiralty in a communique which gave a graphic picture of the perils of the Arctic convoy route to Murmansk and Archangel, where there FURIOUS BATTLE IN LIBYA COSTLY TO BOTH ARMIES But British Give More Than They Take in Punishment and Still Control Situation. 260 TANKS LOST BY GERMAN FORCES Rommel Contuiues to Pound Semi-Fortified Line Block-uig Escape of llis Troops. Cairo, June 2.-04=)-The Libyan battle of destruction raged on with great violence today around two thin gaps in the desert Ain el Ga-zala-Bir Hacheim line, with the dwindling ranks of the Axis' African corps lasliing out in a supreme effort to split the British fortified positions. Already having lost some 260 tanks, or half theii- original striking strength, the sizeable German armored forces still remaining east of the semi-fortified Jine had been reorganized and were trying to drive out the British forces sta- GREAT AREA WIPED OUT AT COLOGNE Destruction E.xtends About Mile by Mile and a Half, Advices to Bern State. Bern, Switzerland, June 2.-09) -An area of about a mile by a mile and a half virtually was wiped out by British airmen in their Saturday night raid on Cologne, reliable reports from Germany said today. This meant a heavy death toll in the closely packed Rhineland metropolis, but anything like a refla-ble figure on casualties was lacking. The military correspondent of Dienst aus Deutschland said "th.e inner city suffered considerable damage." RUSSIANS ATTACK ON KALININ FRONT GERMANS RKPORTED MASSING FOR DRIVES NEAR MOSCOW AND IN CRIBIEA. WARPLANES DUMP EXPLOSIVES ON ARMS CENTER Second Great British Raid Within 48 Hours Proclaimed as Only a Token of What Is to Come. ALL ENGLAND CHEERED BY FURIOUS ONSLAUGHT Daj'llght Sweeps Over France Follow Attack - Enemy Troops Fired On From Low Levels. never, at this time of year, is any protecting darkness and where the j tioned between them and the nar- breaklng of the Arctic ice restricts maneuverability of ships to a minimum. Three Planes Shot Down. German claims to the sinking of 17 or 18 ships were termed "an exaggeration of over 175 per cent." German dive-bombers, torpedo-planes and level-flying bombers assaulted the convoy almost without pause from the evening of May 25 until May 30. Three of the attacking planes were reported shot down for sure, two others probably were destroyed and two others damaged. The admiralty paid unusual tribute to "the gallant defense and magnificent handling of the heavily laden ships in the convoy" and to the skillful work of the navy. It added: "Officers and crews of both the convoy and the escorts have the satisfaction of knowing that they have delivered large and important reinforcements to Russia's equipment in her present struggle." JUDGE TO RULE TODAY ON RELEASE OF WELSH Kansas City, June 2.-(/P)-Judge Nick T. Cave of the Kansas City court of appeals will rule tomorrow on the application of George W. Welsh, jr., for release on a writ of habeas corpus pending his preliminary hearing on a murder charge, June 15. The ruling ,originally scheduled for today, was delayed by an oversight in filing proper legal instruments, Judge Cave said. Welsh, twice freed from murder charges in the death of his pretty 24-year-old sister, Leila, in March, 1941, faces a third charge filed by the state ,a few minutes after Peace Justice J. J. Dougherty ruled the evidence presented at a nine-day preliminary hearing was not sufficient to hold him for jury trial. BRITISH PRODUCTION CHIEF IN WASHINGTON Omaha, June 2. -(IP)- Edward Williams, 20 years old, of Council Bluffs, la., is through washing windows. He resigned today after dangling several minutes from a fifth floor window of the Omaha Grain Exchange building, held only by one of the four hooks in his safety belt, which apparently hadn't been fastened properly. Firemen who hauled Williams back through the window said he went stralf|jht home. Washington, June 2.-(/P)-The arrival of Oliver Lyttelton, British minister of production, for conversations with Donald Nelson, war production board chairman, and Harry Hopkins on "Anglo-American combined production problems," was announced tonight by the British supply council. Informed officials here view Lyt-telton's visit as having a significant bearing on the question of opening a second European war front. "WIN THE WAR" STAMP TO BE ISSUED JULY 4 Washington, June 2.-(A')-A new three-cent postage stamp, with the inscription "win the war," will be issued on July 4, Postmaster General Walker announced today. The central motive will be an American eagle with its wings outstretched to form a large V. Thirteen stars will encircle the eagle, while the "win the war" motto will appear in a band across it. The first day sale will be on July 4 at ths Washington postoffice. row lanes of escape, which are 15 miles apart. More West of Line. Another body of the Nazi mechanized forces, which for the last 72 hours has moved westward-and rearward-through the two gaps, was reported to have pushed to a position 20 miles west of the line, where it was regrouping "with the Axis forces previously there. The Eighth army of General Sir Claude Auchinleck, composed of Britons, South Africans, Indians and Free French, had suffered severe losses, too. But it had given more than it had taken in punishment from the three armored and two motorized divisions which German Marshal Erwin Rommel used in his vain attempt to seize Tobruk. (The Germans claimed annihilation of a British unit and the capture of 3,000 prisoners, including a brigadier, the Italians spoke vaguely of a "pincers movement" near El Uale in the vicinity of the German gaps, where, they said, British resistance was broken and 2,-000 prisoners taken.) Tank Used With Success. The British said the American "General Grant" tank, armed with a 75-MM gun firing high explosive and anti-personnel shells, plus a 37-MM. anti-tank weapon and a machine-gun, was being used with great success. This is the United states army's M-3 medium tank, a 28-ton land cruiser now getting its first battlefield test. The British commander wired a lengthy review of the battle-the wildest and fiercest ever fought in Africa-to Prime Minister Churchill, who read it to the house of commons. The communique disclosed for the first time that the Germans on the opening night of their offensive May 26 attempted to land a sea-borne co-operating force north of Acroma, some 15 miles from Tobruk, but the Royal navy drove off the flotilla. ' British in Control. Auchinleck's control over the battlefield, the capture of two of Rommel's largest repair units, and the splendid performance of new British heavy anti-tank guns and the 28-ton United States tanks, all were factors of great cheer to the Britons. One thing appeared certain: The Axis force composed of the German Fifteenth and Twenty-first and the Italian 132nd Arlete armored divisions and a German and an Italian motorized division, perhaps 75,000 seasoned veterans in all, had failed to capture Tobruk as Adolf Hitler had ordered, and were paying an enormous price in machines and men in the scorching heat and swirling sand. Auchinleck, however, appeared intent upon aestroymg the foe rather than advancing immediately. Moscow, June 2.-(/P)-The Russian armies, applying "Kharkov tactics" to the deep northwestern areas, attacked sharply today in ! several sectors with the object of upsetting German offensive plans from this direction. Vigorous although localized actions in two sectors of the Kalinin front, which runs west from Kalinin to the Valdai hills in the direction of the German garrisons of Rzhev and Veliki Luki, were reported to have i-esulted in at least 1,850 German dead and 1,500 wounded. Pressure on Nazis. On what is known here as the "northwestern front," extending fi-om the Valdai hills north around Lake Ilmen to the Leningrad front, the Russians were said to have maintained pressure which forestalled any "adventurous plans" of the Germans. With the Russians thus improving their positions and drawing the enemy into costly countei--ac-tion in these regions, the southern sectors of Kerch, Kharkov and Izyum-Earvenkova were comparatively quiet. The Germans there were pictured as spent by heavy losses, and the Russians as holding firmly to fortified lines. (A Stockholm dispatch, not confirmed elsewhere, said the Germans in a new stab intended to regain lost ground, had reoccupied Tamilovska, a town eight miles northeast of Kharkov. Other reports reaching London said the Germans were gathering troops for new attacks on the Moscow front and against the Russian Crimean stronghold of Sevastopol.) Nazis Straighten Lines. Berlin (From German Broadcasts), June 2.-(.JP)-The period of "straightening out" the. front lines on the long German-Russian battlefield has practically ended, mili-tai-y quarters said today as the high command reported only local action on the eastern war zone. . These military circles said that in recent weeks certain "dents" have disappeared and the Soviet thrust at Kharkov has been liquidated. BROKEN GLASS ON ROAD TAKES HEAVY TIRE TOLL Wilmington, Del., June 2.-(JP)- Broken glass strewn over a quarter-mile of highway today took a heavy toll of tires. Casualties included fire trucks and a police car racing to a blaze on a farm near Bear station. Police expressed belief the glass had fallen from a Baltimore-bound bottle truck. Emergency road maintenance crews were ordered out to clean up. King George Sends ^ His Congratulations London, June 3.-(Wednesday)- (/P)-King George congratulated Britain's Middle East commanders today for their "resounding success in the first phase of the i^ew battle in Libya." HOURLY TEMPERATURES More warm weather is forecast for today. The temperature yesterday climbed to 90 to a new high for the spring season. Low was 71 degrees. High and low temperatures a year ago yesterday were 80 and 69 degrees. Hourly temperatures: 1 a. m...........701 1 1). m...........86 2 a. m...........741 2 p. m...........S8 3 a, m...........7,S| S p. ni...........8S 4 a. m...........731 4 p. m...........90 5 a. m...........731 5 P- ni...........89 fi a. Ill...........71| 6 p. m...........S9 7 a. m...........711 7 p. m...........S'J 8 a. ni...........74| 8 p. m...........87 9 a. m...........781' 9 p. m...........83 10 a. m...........81|10 p. Ill...........sa 11 a. m...........83111 p .ni...........80 Noon ............SSlMWniglll .........77 Wcdnttoday. 1 a. m...........761 2 a. ni...........76 BULLETIN. London, June 3.-(Wednesday) - (JP)-Striking again in its pulverizing offensive against Germany after thunderous attaclis on Cologne and Essen, Royal Air Force bombers raided German targets during the night. Returning bombers began to cross the coast before dawn and the roar of their motors continued for more than an hour, suggesting to listeners that another large forca had struck at Germany. London, June 2.-(JP)-A mighty aerial corps of British bombers and fighter planes, 1,036 of them, cast down fire and explosive with terrible effect upon the German Krupp munitions center of Essen and its war plant environs last night in a second great raid on *l Germany in 48 hours-an assault that was proclaimed as only a token of what is yet to come from the combined air forces of Britain and the United States. Thousands of tons of bombs were dropped upon the Krupp and Rhein metal Borsig plants, and if, as would seem obvious from the weight of the attack, the damage caused at Essen were as great as in Saturday night's 1,000-plane raid on Cologne, persons familiar with German production believe that a good sized percentage of the reich's war industry could now be marked down as crippled. Big Daylight Raid. Again today the R. A. F. spra.ng back to the assault, going over the channel in great force in one of, the biggest daylight aerial offe^/'?i sives of the war. * ^ j,/ During the morning there wer�' large-scale sweeps over the Grave- > lines and Hardelote areas of north- ; ern France. One German plane'-; was shot down and several damaged. German .troops and gun postt were attacked from low levels. Another force of morning raiders blasted railroads in northern France and then in the afternoon Pas de Calais, Dieppe and offshore shipping were attacked. In all, the air ministry said the' R. A. F. lost nine fighters, and knocked down three enemy fight--ers. (The Germans claimed a bag of 16 R. A. F. planes during Tuesday's fighting. They didn't mention their own losses.) Fires Set in Essen. It was the raid on Essen, however, that overshadowed all else and brought cheer to all England. Giving the house of commons a preliminary report today on this tremendous attack. Prime Minister Churchill declared that many fires were left, at a total cost of only 35 British bombers, and went on to predict what lies ahead for the Germans. "I do not wish it to be supposed," ; he said, "fhat all our raids in the immediate future will be above : this four-figure scale. "The methods of attack will be continually varied, according to circumstances. "On the other hand, these two . great night bombing raids (the first ; was during Saturday night and; early Sunday morning over Co-' logne) mark the introduction of a � new phase in the British air offensive against Germany, and they ^ will increase markedly in scale ; when we are joined, as we soon i shall be, by the air force of the I United States. * js "As the year advances all Ger- I man cities, harbors and centers ot war production will be subjected to| an ordeal the like of which nevfr| has been experienced by any counT^; try in continuity, severity or mag�*' nitude." "f Two Other CUies Blasted. The communique of the air min-^^ istry identified the industrial RuhK; generally, "including ESsen/' :a�| the theat,er of the assault and v^hlli the Germans did not mention.r sen they did report Duisbfjesff* (Contiaued on pag*'
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