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Joplin Globe (Newspaper) - April 18, 1942, Joplin, Missouri THE WEATHER MISSOURI-Continued mild Saturday. KANSAS-Continued mild Saturday. ARKANSAS-Not much change in temperature Saturday. OKLAHOMA-Continued wann Saturday. clobe FXTLlu ASSOCIATED PRESS REFORTg Final Edition VOL. XLVI. NO. 216. Publication Office 11.7 East Fourth Street JOPLIN, MrSSOURI, SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 18, 19 42.-TEN PAGES. Published Kvery Momlnt Except Monday PRICE FIVE CENTS. TOKYO MANILA BA Y FORTS SILENCE THREE JAPANESE BA TTERlES; CORREGIDOR RAIDED 5 TMES ENEMY PUNE HIT AND IS BEUEVe TOHAVEntSHES Fierce Fighting in Progress on Island of Panay Between Invasion Force and Defenders. 65,000 ON BATAAN PRESUMABLY CAPTURED Combat Troops Numbering 35,000 and 25,000 Civilians Believed to Be Prisoners of Enemy. Washington, April 17.-Cff")-The guns of the Manila bay forts silenced three Japanese artillery batteries in the past 24 hours, the^war department reported today, adding that an en^y bomber \yas h^t and �was believed to have crashed. A late-day communique said that on the island of Panay, about 160 miles south of the Philippine forts, fierce fighting was believed to be in progress between defending troops and an enemy invasion force which effected landings at the cities of Iloilo and Capiz. Corregidor and nearby Caballo island, the site of Port Hughes, were raided five times by enemy bombers, flying in formations of from two to eight planes each, the department said'. Japs Capture 65,000. Washington, April 17.-C4�)-The war department reported today that when the defenses of Bataan in the Philippines collapsed after months of grim fighting by weary and ill-fed troops, more than 65,-000 soldiers and^civilians fell into the hands of the swarming hordes of Japanese. Ten generals of the United States army and six genei-als of the Philippine army were among the troops-^Philippine Scouts and other regular army units, national guardsmen, air corps troops, supply forces, engineers, medical troops and signal men, "now presumably in the hands of the enemy." On April &, the day the defending lines finally broke under the ceaseless hammering of greatly superior forces, a department communique said there were 35,000 combat troops, about 25,000 civilians and 5,536 sick and wounded in Bataan, as well as numbers of non-combatant units. The 68 army nurses who had been in Bataan and a relatively small number ot troops were evacuated to Corregidor. Stimson Praises Filipinos. Issuing the communique at his press conference. Secretary of War Stimson praised the bravery of the Filipino soldiers and civilians and announced that in recognition of their loyalty the regular arihy air forces would enlist Filipino youths as aviation cadets, the only exception to the regulation that aviation cadets must be United States citizens. Filipino pilots, he said, particularly have "shown great skill and courage." Recalling that American policy in the Philippines since the islands came into this country's possession after the war with Spain has been consistently one of fostering the development of a democratic foi-ra of government with the view of eventual independence of the commonwealth, Stimson added: "They have vindicated our faith in them in these last few months by the courage and steadfastness they have shown." Gen. King Believed Captured. Among the generals presumably captured by the Japanese iii Bataan were Major General Edward P. King, jr., of Atlanta, Ga., the brilliant artilleryman whose skill was a principal factor in the long defense of the peninsula, and Major General Albert M. Jones of Quincy, Mass., who commanded the (Continued on page 7) Navy Air Hero and Bride Reunited Lieutenant Edward H. O'Hare, the navy's ranking hero who shot down six Japanese planes in one action off the Gilbert Islands, was reunited yesterday with his bride, the former Rita Wooster, at a Phoenix, Ariz.,. airport. O'Hare, who flew by Clipper from Hawaii, hais been summdhed to Washington. NAZI FORTRESSES FALL TO RUSSIANS ONE AFTER ANOTHER REPORTED CAPTURED IN DRIVE TOWARD SMOLENSK. London, April 17.-(/P)-The Red army was driving ahead against fierce German resistance tonight and capturing "one great fortress after another" in the area of Demidov, 40 miles northwest of Smolensk, the Moscow radio reported. Stockholm dispatches said advanced Russian units had reached the approaches of Smolensk itself and that the Germans were fortifying every house of that already strongly-buttressed city. Raiders Hamper Germans. There was no information to indicate whether the Russians were threatening Smolensk with sufficient force to attempt an assault directly upon that keypoint, but Stockholm dispatches said raiding columns in White Russia, west of the city, were handicapping German efforts to rush up reinforcements. This agreed with the Russian report of assaults around Demidov, strengthening an impression that the Russians might be starting an encirclement maneuver. Heavy fighting also was reported between Lakes Ilmen, Ladoga and Onega, as the Russians sought to erase the menace to Leningrad be-(Continued on page 7) ~ HOURLY TEMPERATURES The temperature rose to a high of 78 degrees yesterday afternoon between clouds and sunehlne, but subsided below the 70-degree mark last night. High and low readings a year ago yesterday were 80 and 66 degrees. Hourly temperatures: 1 2 3 �1 5 6 7 8 a. 9 a. 10 a. 11 a. Noon a. m..........671 1 p. m. a. m.....;. .. .67( 2 I), m. .......661 3 p. m. .......661 4 p. m. .......641 5 p. m, .......631 6 p. m. ...... .641 7 P. m. .......631 8 p. .......66 m. m, m. m. m. m, m. m. m. m. .69 I a. m. .......71111 p. m .......73|Midniaht Saturday. .......64| 2 a. Ill .76 .78 .78 .78 .77 .76 .73 .71 .TO .60 .68 .66 .64 DIES IN CRASH AIERRIL CURRAN, 17, KILLED WHEN MOTOR CAR STRIKES SCOOTER-BIKE. Merril Curran, 17 years old, 1900 West A street, a Joplin high school senior who would have graduated in May was killed instantly at 8:30 o'clock last night when a motorized scooter-bike he was riding on Maiden Lane, between Thirteenth and Tweptieth streets, was struck by a motor car driven by Ray Tucker, 45, 908 Chestnut street. The youth was taken by David Carlstrom, a passing motorists, to Freeman hospital, where he was pronounced dead. His death was attributed to a fractured skull. Unable to See Youth. The accident occurred. Trucker told police, when his motor car crushed Into the rear of the scooter-bike. Both the car and bike were traveling north. "Tucker said he was unable to see the youth until his car was within a few feet of the boy. He told police he applied his brakes but was unable to avoid the collision. The motorized scooter-bike ^la'd no lights, police said. The youth was thrown from the vehicle, his head striking the pavement. The motor car did not run over young Curran, police investigation showed. Surviving are his stepfather and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Roy Hower-ton, and a brother, Don Curran. The' body was removed to the Hurlbut Undertaking Company. Dr. R. W. Webster of Carthage, coroner, will make an Investigation this morning. GIRL RUNNING COPY FOR NEWSROOM WEDS Atlanta, April 17.~(.a')-After several office boys joined the army, the Atlanta Journal sought to hold down turnover by hiring pert, red-haired Elsie Cook to run copy for the newsroom. Today Elsie announced that she had joined the army-in a way-by marrying Sergeant W. L. Evans, who is stationed at Selma, Ala. But the Journal hasn't given up. Successor to 19-year-old Elsie will be a 17-yeai-old schoolmate, Marie Sargeant. DARLAN IS NAMED LEADER OF ARMED FORCES IN FRANCE Observers Believe Appointment Will Prevent Laval From Turning Fleet Over to Germany. AMBASSADOR LEAHY CALLED HOME BY U. S. Cabinet Bounded Out by Vichy's New Boss-Thirty-Five More Hostages Put to Death by^ Na^is. Vichy, April 17.-Cff>)-Admiral William D. Leahy, United States ambassador to unoccupied France since November 23, 1940, was called home for consultation tonight as pro-German Pierre Laval rounded out a new cabinet to replace the government which resigned en masse to Marshal Petaln. Late tonight, however, Laval postponed until tomorrow announcement of a final cabinet list, Official France had, In the Interim, two leaders-the aged marshal as chief of the state who was forced to bow before German demands for increased collaboration, and Admiral Jean Darlan, designated as Petaln's successor and corhmander in chief of all the armed forces. The remainder of the govern-meiit was being planned by Ijaval, who is expected to assume the posl-' tion of "civil leader" of the French nation on a basis of out-and-out collaboration with the axis. Course of Leaders Forecast. (From Bern, the course of France's new leaderjuwas forecast thus: (Laval: He will, as head of the government, seek to achieve internal calm while carrying on negotiations with Germany which miay bring a break with the United States. (Darlan: In control of the armed forces, it ^111 be he who will have the final say If France is brough't to the point of battle again, as the result of ap allied offensive in Europe or of military developments in Africa. (Petaln: The old marshal, who always has hoped to retain amicable relations with America, will take a simpler role as chief .of state, one similar to that of the president of the old France, wielding his influence in that position through indirect participation in political affairs. His strongest weapon will be that he may request the cabinet to resign at any time.) ' Solution Imminent. A communique, issued tonight said a "final solution was imminent" after conferences between Laval and "numerous personages" during the day. Laval ^'talked lengthily with "(Continued on page 7) FOUR JAP PLANES HIT OVER PORT MORESBY Australian Airmen Attack Nipponese After Latter Drop Bombs From 23,000 Feet. BULLETIN. United States Army Headquarters in Australia, April 18. (Saturday)-C4')-^All governments of the united nations now are "in complete agreement" on the question of General Douglas MacArthur's supreme command, a' spokesman for General MacArthur stated today. Melbourne, Australia, Aprii 17.- (,4')-Royal Australian air force fighter planes met a squadron of 10 Japanese raiders in the air over Port Moresby today and landed unscathed with reports of destruction or damage to at least four of the enemy. The raiders-five bombers covered by five fighters-dropped some 45 bombs from 22,000 feet, causing no damage of consequence to the allied outpost on New Guinea Island, above the Australian mainland. Before the Japanese could get away, the R. A. F. was on them. During the day another prospective strengthening of the allied air arm was disclosed. Dutch leaders announced that the Netherlands East Indies air force would be reorganized in the United States under command of Major General Ludolph Van Oyen. It also was disclosed that the Dutch are selling to Australia, without profit, large quantities of planes, tanks, machine guns, rifles and ammunition which had been ordered from the United States, but not received in time for use in the Indies. > WELLS DESTROYED TO KEEP THEM PROM FALLING INTO HANDS OF JAFS. New Delhi,- India, April 17.-(/P) -British sappers burned and blasted 6,000 west Burma oil fields today while a gallant battalion of the king's own Yorkshire light Infantry fought yet another superb delaying action against the Japanese until the wells were' ablaze. Then the vastly outnumbered Yorkshiremen withdrew and rejoined the main British imperial forces after inflicting severe casualties. A communique placed the positions "north of Magwe," indicating the fighting men were even now amid the ruined wells. Magwe Is the southern gateway to the field centering around Yenangyaung, 20 miles north. Wells Helped Supply China. Destruction of the Yenangyuang wells cut off an important source of oil for China. Burma's oil production In 1941 was 7,700,000 barrels, compared with United States production of GERMAN TARGETS BLASTED BY iO BRITISH PLANES Daylight Raids Extend From French Coast to Bavaria and Are Heaviest Yet Made by R. A. F. FIGHTER AND BOMBER FAIL TO GET BACK Industrial Cities, Including Augsburg, Bombed-Slight Opposition Is Encountered. (Continued on page 7) BULLETIN. London, April 18.-(Saturday) -(yP)-The Royal air force hammered enemy territory again*^ during the night. In small-scale retaliation, the German air force bombed a few . places in southern England early today and the government said "damage caused was not excessive, but there were some casualties, including a small number of persons killed." One German aircraft was destroyed during the night over England. London, April 17.-C5>)-Adding weight and distance to its massive daylight offensive, the R. A. F. hurled 600 planes against German targets today in day-long raids extending from the continental coast to Augsburg, in southern Germany. The assaults were by far the heaviest of the war by British airmen, topping yesterday's farflung, 400-plane attack, which had been the biggest to date. Emphasizing the scope of the aerial Offensive was a daylight attack upon Augsbui'g, which involved a round trip of at least 1,-000 miles right over the heart of Industrial Germany. Site of Plane Factory. Aug:sb,urg, a few miles northwest of Munich, is the site of a Messer-schmltt plane factory, but an informed source said this establishment was not the target oic today's raiders. This center was the target of night raids twice in August, 1940, but had not been mentioned In British air communiques since then. British air superiority over western Europe was stressed by the ; air ministry announcement that' only two out of the hundreds of planes used-one fighter and one bomber-were lost. It described the �enemy opposition as "relatively slight." Heavy Bombers Used. Heavy bombers were used against Augsburg today and an Informed source said this undoubtedly meant four-motored bombers, possibly American-made fortress planes or giant British Stlrlings. Augsburg is one of the oldest cities of Bavaria and before the (Continued on page 7) Heres Air View of Bombed Tokyo RAIDERS INFLICT CASUALTIES IN A DAYLIGHT ATTACK Japanese Radio Says Schook and Hospitals Were Hit, but No Damage Caused to Military Establishments - Fails to Identifyj Craft - Washington Without Information on Onslaught. BULLETIN. Tokyo (From Japanese Broadcasts), April 18.- (Saturday)-(AP)-^The Tokyo region was raided by enemy planes this afternoon, a Japanese official announcement said today. The raiders camte from several directions. Three planes were declared to have been shot down in the raids, the first of th^ war on Japan's imperial homelands. "It is confirmed that three enemy aircraft were shot down when hostile planes attacked the Tokyo-Tosame region this afternoon for the first time since the war (started)," said a conmiunique issued by imperial headquarters. "The enemy planes approached from several directions." San Francisco, April 17.-(AP)-The Tokyo radio announced tonight that "enemy bombers" attacked Tokyo, the CBS listening station reported. The Tokyo broadcast said: "Enemy bQjnbers appeared over Tokyo for the first tim� in the current war, inflicting damage on schools and hospitals. The raid occurred shortly past noon on Saturday (Tokyo time). "Invading planes failed to cause any damage on military establishments, although casualties in the schools and hospitals were as yet unknown. "This inhuman attack on these cultural establishments and on residential districts is causing widespread indignation among the populace." Number of Bombs Are Dropped CBS said the first announcement of the bombing was ki an English language broadcast. The announcement was repeated a few minutes later in a Japanese language broadcast, which injected a new angle thg^t "the enemy planes did not attempt to hit military establishments." The Japanese language broadcast said: "Just after noon on the eighteenth the first enemy planes appeared over the city of Tokyo. A number of bombs were dropped. "The enemy planes did not attempt to hit military establishments, and only inflicted damage on grammar schools, hospitals and cultural establishments. "These planes were repulsed by a heavy barrage from our defense guns. "The previous training ot Jhe Tokyo populace for air raid defense was put into immediate practice. I wish to reveal that our losses were exceedingly light. Traffic Immediately Cleared "Traffic was immediately cleared and every person took their appointed stations as all eyes scanned the clear blue sky. "The enemy planes, however, failed to make their appearance over the heart of the city and they batted about, releasing a few bombs on the outskirts of the city. "Japanese interceptor planes immediately took chase. The hostile planes were seen winging at high speed, but were made easy prey for the Japanese pursuit planes. "Ironically enough, the bombs dropped struck several homes, while other reports indicated that a schbbl and a hospital were hit. "Military authorities disclosed that none of the military establishments were made targets of the raid. "First official reports of the raid emanating from the eastern army headquarters revealed that nine enemy planes: had been shot doWn. "The damages have been later confirmed as sUght, al*'t though mounting indignation over the Indiscriminate bomb* ing is being felt among the people." Washington, April 18.-(Saturday)-(AP)-^The war and navy departments had no confirmation immediately today on tlie Japanese announcement of bombing of Tokyo. There was no indication of when a communique might be .(Continued on page 7), 353800
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