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Joplin Globe (Newspaper) - June 9, 1940, Joplin, Missouri THE WEATHER msSOURt-ThunderBhowers and cooler Sunday; Monday lair, moderate temperature. KANSAS-Generally fair, preceded by thundersbowers soutli-eart and extreme east, cooler Sunday; Monday fair with rising temperature west and north central. OKLAHOMA-Local thundersBowers, cooler Sunday except partly cloudy In panhandle; Monday fair, rising temperature northwest and extreme west. ARKANSAS-ConslderaDIe cloudiness Sunday and Monday, scattered thundershowers Monday. FULL ASSOCIATED PRESS REPORTS Final Edition VOL. XLIV. NO. 262. PnbUcatlon Office m East Fourth Street JOPLIN, MISSOURI, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 9, 1940.- THIRTY-TWO l^GES. Pabllshed Every Morning Exceot Monday PRICE FIVE CENTS. Berlin Reports Steady Gains; Denies Suburbs Bombed ME] m riElD BID TO CO TOf. D. R. Truman to Submit to President Offer of 20,000-Acre Tract Near Pittsburg for Bombing-Practice Ground. Kansas City, June 8.-C5>)-Senator Kerry S. Truman said today he �would submit to President Roosevelt next week a proposal by a group of Missouri and Kansas business men to establish a bombing, practice field on a 20,000-acre tract I near Pittsburg, Kan. A Truman met here today with representatives of 15 eastern Kansas and western Missouri towns to discuss the plan. Named on an executive committee to push the proposal were: ^ Harry Easley, Webb City, banker, chairman; Robert Lemon of Pittsburg, Frank; Holton of Lamar, Scott Fones of Baxter Springs and R. K. Barfatt of Joplin. Pictures Aie Submitted. Sponsors of the plan submitted to Truman a booklet and pictures showing advantages of locating the field near Pittsburg. Truman said he would show them to the chief ' f' executive and Washington aeronautical and national defense authorities after his return to the capital tomorrow. The group offered the large tract to the government rent-free. Most of the land once was the scene of strip mining operations and now is used largely for grazing of livestock. Advantages Enumerated. The two-state group displayed statistics showing weather conditions in the area were ideal to facilitate the maximum number of days of air training. Other advantages enumerated included: 1, A sparsely settled countryside which eliminated danger from bonibs. 2. Excellent railroad facilities. 3., Availability of a large number of skilled mechanics. 4. Near-by, adequate sources of supplies. The group added that part of the i^^d was torn up by mining opera--titins and would not be further damaged by bombs. Other sections of it are flat and suitable for r.ir-planes to land and take off. Air Training Base Also Sought in Area Possible establishment of a practice bombing field in old strip mining areas along the Missouri-Kanr sas line east of Pittsburg is an outgrowth of a proposal by civic leaders of Tri-State district towns to have the government locate an aviation training field in the vicinity of Opolis. The area which it is proposed be used for test bombing is five miles north of a level expanse of land which district civic leaders urge be used in connection with the government's aviation defense program. Army engineers had been contacted concerning the training base proposal, and it was then, according to Earl Brown, secretary of the Joplin Chamber of Commerce, that the engineers inquired as to . the availability of land for test "iEombing. As a fesult, a brief was prepared setting forth suitability of the land for both proposed projects. Brown said that about a week ago army engineers contacted George B. Weeks, secretary of the Pittsburg Chamber of Commerce, inquiring if there was any sparsely settled land which could be used as a bombing field. When Weeks / told them of the old strip coal ' � fields in the vicinity of Minden-mines, the engineers requested that a brief be prepared. The proposed land is south of Mindenmines and east of Pittsburg. Brown said one area is approximately two miles wide and 10 miles long. Mucli of the .irea in Bill to Prevent Creation Of War Millionaires Urged House Committee, in Approving Defense Tax Measure, Orders Study of Legislation LooMng to Capture of Excess Profits Made in Rearming Nation-Fund for Arms May Be Boosted if French Army Sliould Collapse. Washington, June 8-W)-Studies looking toward early enactment of anti-war profits legislation at the next session of congress were ordered by the house ways and means committee today in approving a $1,004,000,000 defense tax bill. In a statement, the committee said that there should not be "an opportunity for the creation of new war millionaires or the further substantial enrichment of already wealthy persons because of the rearmament program." Accordingly, the statement added, technical assistants to the committee arid treasury officials have< been asked to have bills ready at the opening of the next session of congress which will enable the government, through taxes, to capture any excess profits, and also to pro^ vide for special amortization for national defense industries. Minor Changes Made. The full committee approved, with minor changes, the bill drafted by a subcpnihiittee which is designed to rais4-$1,006,000,000 a year t6 pay off emergency;national defense costs in fiye year^. The; measure reduces personal income tax ej^emptipiis, Imposes a 10 per cent super tax, increases the corporate income tax 1 per cent and increases excise and surtaxes. The only changes the full committee made in the subcommittee's bill dealt with excise taxes. These changes reduced the bill's potential yield by about $2,000,000, but the amount of taxes which would be realized remained only an estimate. The committee put It at $1,004,000,000. The committee said the excess profits tax, if the next congress desired, could be made to apply to 1940 income. Chairman Doughton, democrat. North Carolina, of the committee, said the tax bill would be taken up in the house Tuesday. Prompt action in the senate, once the house actsr was forecast by Chairman Harrison, democrat, Mississippi, of the senate finance committee. Harrison said he thought the house committee had done "a very remarkable job" in bringing out "an equitable tax bill" under the pressure of emergency .demands. While the tax bill is^ aimed at raising all the money now prqppsed for emergency ^defense, witli sdbie' to spare, there"'�Stes talk on- Capitol Hill that congj-ess might be asked li-BOAT SINKS BIG CityiSER; 300 mma Four KiUed as British Vessel Is Torpedoed- English Down 17 German Planes, Lose 13 in Raids. (Continued-on page A 7) FOR STATE BIEAH JEFFEBSON CITY WILL TRY TO BLOCK REMOVAL OF COMPENSATION OFFICES. Jefferson City, June 8.-(/P)-The unemployment compensation commission picked Sedalla for its new home today, after months of "shopping" that set a dozen state cities bidding against each other for the big state bureaiu. But no sooner had Chairman Andrew J. Murphy, sr., announced the decision than Jefferson Citians began planning a campaign to try to block the move. Business men this afternoon were considering possible court action seeking to retain the department-and its pay roll of nearly 500 persons-in.the capital city. Murphy's announcement said the department would be moved to Se-dalia when its new home there is completed, probably in the fall. Se-dalians voted a $200,000 bond issue to finance the building. Crow Voted lor Carthage. On the final vote. Murphy and Commissioner Harry P. Drisler favored Sedalia and the third commissioner, Edward G. Crow, voted for Carthage, which was reported tops in rhe consideration two weeks ago. Murphy switched his support from Hannibal to Sedalia because of the central location of the latter city. The new building will be taken by the commissioner under a 10-year lease at a rental of $1 a year. The commission may cancel the lease on 30 days' notice. Permanent location of the compensation cominission - housed in Jefferson City since its creation by the legislature-stirred one of the hottest civic contests in years. At one time 10 or 18 proposals were before the commission. The number finally was narrowed to five-Carthage, Sedalia, Hannibal, Jefferson City and Mo-berly. Two Cities Voted Bonds. The commission takes as authority for its action a legislative decision that it may select "suitable" headquarters for its state offices. Shortly after that act was passed by the last legislature the competition for housing the agency began. Jefferson City and Sedalia headlined the fight through the winter months. Sedalia voted $200,000 building bonds, so Jefferson City voted $200,000 building bonds. Jefferson City cut the rent offer to $1, so Sedalia offered the same thing. It was not until the controversy had raged for months that Hannibal, Moberly and Carthage began (Continued on "page A 7), (Continued on page A 7), CHMGES STATE GOTW FOBBEST SMITH SAID TO HAVE COLLECTEB $83,000 FROM HIS EMPLOYES, Jefferson City, June 8.-(yP)- State Auditor Forrest Smith's primary election opponent charged today Smith "has compelled his employes to kick back 2% per cent of their salaries to him" during his two-term administration. The charge was made' by Robert E. (Bob) Holliway, Smith's only democratic opponent in this year's primary. He displayed a bundle of cancelled checks from a former employe of the auditor to support his claim. Holliway declared that by next January Smith "will have collected the grand sum of $82,337.57 in 'Hig money' from his employes." Contributions Admitted. W. A. (June) Holloway, the chief clerk in Smith's office, acknowledged that the auditor's employes have contributed 2V2 per cent of their salaries to an office fund, but said the pi-actice was voluntary among the job holders and was carried on over the objections of Smith. "We do it 'just so we'll have nioney for the different things that come up," the chief clerk said. "Of course, the money is used for politics, among other things. It's our own idea and I should think it would be our own affair." . W. A. Holloway said three of the employes serve as officers of an employe's club in Smith's department and they administer the 2% per cent fund. All the employes participate. He said he did not know the exact amount collected since Smith took office in 1933, but that he believed B. E. Holliway's $82,000 figure was "a little high." Used for Christmas Gifts, "I don't want to know how much it has amounted to because then I might have to story to someone and I liever want to tell a story," he added. The chief clerk said the fund, in addition to being used for political expenses on occasion, financed the department's subscription to a clipping service to obtain press comment concerninf the auditor, paid for Christmas presents to Smith and was resorted to for any expenses in which all the employes were involved. Robert E. Holliway said he arrived at the total of $82,337 by taking 2% per cent of the total amount appropriated to Smith for salaries sjnce he took office. Smith was out of the city today. London, June 8.-UP)-The sinking of the armed merchant cruiser Carinthia-a 20,277-ton former Cu-nard-White Star liner popular with Americans as a world cruise ship before the war-was announced tonight by the admiralty. It wes the largest merchant ship yet sunk by enemy action since the war started. Two officers and two seamen had been killed when the ship, one of 50 merchant cruisers in the British fleetj'Was torpedoed by a U-boat. Other officers and the crew were saved. In peacetime, the crew was 405. . More than 200 of the crew were landed at a British port by a warship tonight. Anotlier 100 were expected on a second rescue ship. The crew said the Carinthia remained afloat for some time after being torpedoed, but that two wai--ships failed in an attempt to tow her to port. Build Up Navy. The admiralty did not say where the Carinthia, a twin-screw vessel built in 1925 and long in transatlantic service, had been attacked. The Germans, however, a few hours before, announced a 14,000-ton auxiliary cruiser had been sunk off the northwest coast of Ireland. Earlier an official admiralty sfitement had observed that "the balance of navar strength in favor of the allies is now far greater than at the outbreak of the war." On the other side of the book, the British marked down new bombing success^ in the air: An attack on German troop concentrations at Abbeville throughout Friday and Friday night and on "military objectives" in northwest Germany. The royal air force destroyed 17 German planes yesterday, the air ministry communique said, while 13 British planes were missing. "Much damage was caused to the railhead at Hirson, where woods were set on fire and many explosions caused," the communique said. "Here troop concentrations were machine-gunned. At Abbeville, many explosions and fires were caused and extensive damage was done to the airdrome." Nazi Troops Bombed. In a supplementary statement, the air ministry said German troop concentrations and mechanized columns in the immediate rear of the battle front between Le Trepoi-t, a channel port, and Amiens, "were subjected to repeated attacks at ALLIES WIDEN RANGE OF U. S. PURCHASES (Continued on page A 7) Weapons and Materials Other Than Aircraft Now Being Ordered by English, French. New York, June 8.-Cff")-Allied war purchasers, who have heretofore concentrated mostly in aircraft and tools, now are tapping United States industry 'for an assortment of other weapons and materials. Wall Street sources said today British and French agents suddenly appeared to have widened their range of orders and inquiries to speed equipment plans and replace losses. Total orders placed since September are estimated at $1,300,-000,000 now, and the figure is expected to grow rapidly. The new German drive, it was pointed out, threatens important industrial sectors in addition to those already engulfed by the Nazi advance in northern France and the low countries, Of the estimated $1,300,000,000 allied orders the overwhelming bulk has thus far been for aircraft and accessories. Airplane contracts signed or in early prospect approximate $1,200,-000,000. Probably $700,000,000 in contracted orders, mainly aircraft, have been delivered by the manufacturers, an informed source said. To avoid giving the enemy information, spokesmen for the commission purposely have been vague, although specifying, that "more than 8,000 warplanes" have been ordered in this country. m SPOTS STIIL OPEN IN LONDON AMERICAN BANDS PLAY AND GLASSES CLINK BEHIND BLACK-PAINTED DOORS. London, June 8.-(^)-Gay old Piccadilly and Leicester square are as silent as Limehouse in the seemingly dead mysterious city of wartime London, but behind the blackout life goes on in a blaze of lights to the rhythm of the latest American band music and the clink of glasses. Boisterously blotting out tomorrow's grim possibilities, fur-loughed Tommies back home from the bloody battle of Flanders are spending their precious hours in a variety of indoor and outdoor amusements. Despite the strict regula^ons necessitated by anti-air raid precautions, ;t's merely a matter of knowing wnich black-painted door to open, which heavy curtain to push aside and which corridor turn to take. No Street Parades. Outwardly, however, London presents an aspect in sharp contrast to the world war days when patriotism was expressed in shouting, singing street parades and recruiting denfonstrations with brass bands and illuminated trucks and flags. Those were days of lavish spending by soldiers on leave with a determination to keep the cabaret (Continued on page A 7) Says Bill for Compulsory Training Is Being Drafted Princeton, N. J., June 8.-(flP)- Colonel Julius Ochs Adler, vice president and general manager qf the New York Times, told Princeton university alumni today a bill to require compulsory military training would be ready for congress soon. The alumni, numbering 250, who heard Adler's talk at a meeting held in conjunction with the annual campus program for returning graduates, adopted a resolution approving universal compulsory militaxy training. Adler, a member of the class of 1916, said the bill, was being drafted "in words of one and two syllables so that everyone would understand it." He said it would embody fhese points: . . L Registration of every male citi- zen, and alien who has taken out first papers^ between the ages of 18 and 65. 2. Making all male citizens between the ages of 21 and 45 liable for military training in ' times of peace at the call of the president. 3. Making, in times of war, all male citizens between the ages of 18 and 21 and 45 and 65 liable fori military training for purposes of home defense and those from 21 to 45 liable for regular military train-j ing. Adler said between 70 and 80 per cent of those between the ages of 21 and 32 would be taken for military training, 10 to 15 per cent of those between 31 and 38, and 3 to 7 per cent of those between 38 and 45. The program was sponsored, he said, by the Military Training Camps Association. CLAIMS ARMY HAS BROKEN fRENCH LINE Germans Say Steamroller Is Moving Toward Paris as Planned - Predict Early Blockade of Eng land. Berlin, June 8. - (/P) - German military sources declared tonight the Nazi steamroller is breaking the Weygand line at will and pushing down the path to Paris just as planned. Three confident sentences made up the high command communique which for the fourth day of the drive reported steady advances without disclosing any details. But those at home were advised not to fear that this meant a bog-down of the drive by veteran troops and fresh divisions. Instead, military sources said, the march to the heart of France continues each day ahead of the pace first set by the high command. Deny Berlin Suburbs Bombed. An authorized spokesman called "absolutely" untrue a French announcement that naval bombers dumped explosives onto factory districts in the Berlin suburbs last night. Meanwhile, gains were claimed for four big thrusts, steel-shod and supported by plunging Stukas. Hitler's own newspaper, Volk-Ischer Beobachter, listed .the drives and their objectives as: Southwest from Abbeville over the Bresl river toward Le Havre, extending Germany's grip on the northwestern coast of Europe from the Arctic Circle in Norway to south of the mouth of the Somme. South from Amiens; south from Peronne and south from Oise-Aisne canal-to merge into one smashing punch at Paris. "Operations south of the Somme and the Oise-Aisne canal are progressing successfully," the German communique said, "and the enemy is being thrown back south of the lower Somme." Those successes, the Germans said, proved the new French "depth defense" had spongy, weak lines and is "unstable." France's experience with the German blitzkrieg machine, it was added, sent to the military graveyard "France's hopes" for fixed-position warfare. Blockade of Britain Predicted. A German radio review of the week's fighting commented that Britain "will soon get to feel" the results of German control of the coast. "The blockade Britain wished on Germany turns the other way," the German announcer said. "Britain's eastern ports, especially the important Thames estuary, and some of the southern ports will soon be blocked for all trade." It was indicated this would be accomplished by submarines, wave-, skimming torpedo launches and bombers based close to the English channel. The authoritative newspaper Dienst aus Deutschland expressed "informed" German opinion that Spain would have an increased part In the "new Europe." The newspaper predicted that: 1. Gibraltar, fortified guardian of the Mediterranean from the west, would become Spanish "as it was originally." 2. Areas aross the Mediterranean from Spain-apparently meaning territory in addition to Spanish Morocco-must be placed in Spanish control. 3. Spain thus would become "independent trustee" for nations on the Mediterranean or doing business there. 4. Spain's "moral obligations" and "real interests" would be linked with the axis partners, Italy and Germany. Neutral observers watched closely for Soviet Russia's attitude toward the re-shaping of Europe on axis principles. There was no new statement of the Soviet position in regard to German-Italian plans. RUMANIA CALLS MORE TROOPS TO COLORS Five Classes of Reserves Summoned In Connection With Italy's Possible Entry. Bucharest, June 8. - (/P) - Rumania, with more than 1,500,000 men already, under arms in the greatest peace-time mobilization in her history, called up five more classes of reserves today in a prer paredness measure reported to be connected with Italy's possible entry into the European war. The war ministry did not disclose how many men- were affected but diplomatic quarters estimated they numbered at least 100,000. Further calls to the colors were expected next week. (Although Rumanian dispatches placed the number already under arms at more than 1,500,000, tabulations of previous calls indicated It was probably nearer 2,000,000.) Fearful of involvement in the war and of the possibility that Soviet Russia might seize the opportunity to regain Bessarabia, Rumania has been operating virtually on a full war-time basis for many months. ENGLAND BY ROME PAPER SAYS 5 CITIES WILL BE RAIDED FOR EVERY ITALIAN TOWN BOMBED. Rome, June 8.-(/PI-A pointed warning that five English cities would be bombed for every Italian city attacked by allied bombers in the event Italy enters the war was published today by the Rome newspaper U Giornale d'ltalla just while foreign observers were expressing belief Italy would enter the conflict next week. II Giornale d'ltalia'B editor is Virglnio Gayda, long recognized as Premier Mussolini's editorial mouthpiece. Reports have circulated here that the British and French plan to bombard Italian centers of this nation entered the war against them. Rome Believed Safe. To these reports, the authoritative newspaper said: "For every; Italian city bombed, five English cities would suffer the same treatment." Bombardment of Rome would be the signal for "similar but greater bombardment of London," the newspaper added. However, Rome was considered here to be fairly safe from attack, with the Italians prepared to make it an open city by removing government offices, troops and aircraft. Some observers heard that an Italian attack on their first secret objective would come in the early hours next Monday, but a source considered reliable Indicated it probably would be later, possibly Thursday or Friday night. Although only Mussolini and os-slbly his axis partner, Adolf Hitler, are supposed to know the date of the expected entry into the war, confidence that Italy has closed her last week as a non-belligerent nation in this war was based on impressions in Italian circles, as well (Continued on page A 7) HOURLY TEMPERATURES Temperatures climbed to a high of 88 degrees yesterday afternoon at which time the sky became threatening of rain. The rain failed to materialize. Showers are forecast for today. High and low readings a year ago yesterday were 87 and 73. Hourly temperatures: TREMENDOUS mows DEALT BY GERMANS French Fall Back on 60 Miles of Front, but Line Is Unbroken - Hitler Tank Column Pounded to Pieces. 1 2 a. 3 a. 4 a. 5 a. S a. 7 a. 8 a. 9 a. 10 a- 11 a. .741 1 .721 2 3 4 5 m. m. m..........72 m..........72 m..........70 m..........701 6 m..........721 7 m..........741 8 m..........781 9 m..........80110 m...........81111 Noon ............82!Midn!ght Sunday. 1 a. in...........69| 2 a. m. m..........86 m..........88 m..........88 m..........88 m m m m m m. m. .6y Weekly Weather Outlook. Missouri, Kansas and Oklahoma: Generally fair and cool Monday and Tuesday; warmer Wednesday and Thursday; shower period beginning Thursday or Friday; cooler toward end of week. Paris, June 8.-Cff^-The French were falling back tonight jJong nearly 60 miles of the front, but still fighting against the German offensive on Paris-facing the strongest attack of the war and the most massive mechanized onslaught in military history. The Germans threw 60 Infantry-divisions and seven armored divisions-more than 1,000,000 men and 3,500 tanks-into the assault pouth of the Somme. This mighty push reached its peak in the center of the front, where reserves were brought up.in the Oise valley-the route to Paris -and hurled into the battle In the region of Roye and Noyon, In an area 48 miles north of this capital. Charged at Dawn. In this sector alone the Germans were estimated to have used half a million men. Starting at dawn, after dive bombers, artillery and tanks had opened the way, the Nazi infanti-y charged, each man holding the shoulder of the man before him. The French were outnumbered In infantry. North of the capital the French withdrew for the second successiva day. The general fall-back was called a "retirement maneuver" and a military spokesman declared the main line remained unbroken. The Nazis also struck a tremendous blow on the French right (east) flank and succeeded in establishing a foothold on the south bank of the Alsne river. In that sector, the French were coimt-er-attacklng bitterly. German pressure diminished tonight on the extreme left (west) flank, where the Bresle river blocked their Infantry. A tank column Of 200 to 300 which pentrated south to Forges-les-Eaux was reported being pounded to bits by French artillery and cannon-flrlng planes. Front Is Shortened. The battle raged with varying intensity all along the new, shortened 110-mlle front from the sea to the Aisne. Military authorities not given to exaggeration called the battle frankly "the greatest of aU time." The number of tanks used almost doubled those employed in the battle of the Meuse, when the Germans broke through to the sea. On the central sector of the front -running nearly 60 miles from Aumale on the Bresle to Noyon on the Oise-the Nazis sent wave after wave of machines and men smashing against the French lines. German losses were reported by the French high command to be enormous-but still they came. The, French clung to the support points of the Weygand line on the rolling hills and In the scattered woods of the battlefield, pouring fire Into the tanks with their artillery. The advance guards had fallen back yesterday under General Max-Ime Weygand's orders and the movement continued tonight after French front line positions had been swamp6d under the attack waves. Barriers Are Ahead. But still ahead of the Germans stretched a field of barriers ail the way to Paris. In his night communique. General Weygand singled out two ar-. tlllery units for special praise for the destruction they wrought among German panzer units. "The ai'tillery group of Com- . mandant Pouyat destroyed 38 Ger-man tanks," he said, "One battery of this group commanded l)y:Caa. tain Vandelle destroyed alone 19/ "Another artillery group com-roanded by Commandant Gunen, at- (Continued on page AT)
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