Biloxi Daily Herald, April 14, 1945

Biloxi Daily Herald

April 14, 1945

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Issue date: Saturday, April 14, 1945

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Biloxi Daily Herald (Newspaper) - April 14, 1945, Biloxi, Mississippi * .. •• 'J). "••••. Arsenal Area Into Flaming Holocaust Carrier Planes Destroy 256 Japanese Planes By LEONARD MILLIMAN (JP) A record force of about 400 Superfortresses. raining incendiaries, ¡turned Tokyo's arsenal area into M flaming, exploding holocaust today as jet propelled Japanese interceptors flashed through • raid-Jog formations "Hke roman can-idles." It was the 15th, and largest, £-29 attack on the Japanese capital. Superforts were over the jiive-mile square target area—the (most important military objective -they have yet hit—for four hours starting shortly before midnight. On the southern approaches to Japan, American and British farrier forces destroyed 256 Nipponese planes, most of them flown ¡by suicide pilots attacking American shipping. ADMIT SITUATION WORSE Radio Tokyo admitted the situation was getting worse on Okina-¡wa, 325 miles south of Japan, here the US 24th Army Corps epulsed an attacking battalion of apanese with heavy enemy lossas. hère was no change in battle ines for the eighth consecutive ay. Yanks of the 38th Division re-aptured Fort Drum on El Fraile sland at the entrance to Manila ay yesterday, burning out the mail Nipponese garrison. The 11th Airborne Division and ¡158th Regimental Combat Team, losing a pincers on southern lUzon, drew to within 80 air miles f each other. On northern Luzon, he 33rd Division edged to within ree miles of* Baguio, enemy eadquarters in the Philippines om which Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki amashita was reported to have jfled to Japan. ¡SPEED TO MANCHURIA Japanese mechanized units were ¿reported speeding from the Shanghai area toward former stations in Manchuria as a result of Moscow's denunciation of the Russo-jjapanese neutrality pact. ; A resurgent Chinese counter-joffensive in North Central China was reported to have frustrated two-pronged Japanese threat to Shensi province and the northern approaches to Chungking. Chinese columns drove into the suburbs of Sichwan and Singyang. British carrier planes raided northérn .Formosa for the second (successive day Friday, Tokyo reported, while Philippines based ¡bombers hit Shanghai. British ¡carrier aircraft destroyed 17 planes the preceding day while surface units shelled shore installations.Japs Say Fires started in. Palaces San Francisco, April 14 (/P) Fires ¡were started in the Imperial Palace and Japan's^ revered Meiji Shrine destroyed in today's Superfortress raid on Tokyo. Japanese j headquarters said in a broadcast I recorded by the Federal Communi-; cations Commission." I All fires were extinguished by ,6 a.m., the communique said. It ¡claimed '41 of the 170 raiders ¡were" shot down and 80 others damaged. The communique said bombs were dropped wantonly on the city and fires 'started in "buildings •within the Imperial Palace, the Omiya Palace and the Asaha detached palace, but were soon extinguished' The main building and sanctuary of the grand Meiji shrine were burned to ashes." Another Imperial Communique asserted Nipponese suicide planes continuing the attack on Ameri-jcan shipping around Okinawa, 325 miles south of Japan, had destroyed or damaged 12 more vessels. A cruiser, one transport and five unidentified craft were listed as sunk. A more candid report by Tokyo domestic radio admitted.the Okinawa battle "seems to be changing lor the worse."Tom W. Milner Jr. Named President of Gulfport Jaycees Torn W. Milner Jr., a cashier of the Hancock Bank, was elected president of the Gulfport Junior Chamber of Commerce for 1945-46 in the annual election of officers held Friday night by the board of directors. Mr. Milner, long active in the Junior Chamber and first vice president the past year, will succeed Clinton C. Blackwell. Others elected were: R. O. Besse Jr., of the Besse-Huber Jew-élry Company, first vice president; Marvin Portlier. Office Supply Company, second vice president; Walter Helveston, Hancock Bank, secretary, and- Harry D. Larson, Larson's ,Men's Shop, treasurer. The new officers will be installed at a general membership meeting at Hotél Markham on April 25. The directeurs, meeting at the Senior Ç. of C. office, voted to work in a body one night assorting and packing clothing at the old West Ward school receiving center in connection with the drive ior clothing for European needy. Need for volunteer workers was explained by Tom Mattinson and the group voted, to work, probably after the house-to-house canvass next week. Mattinson was instructed to designate the night and notify <members. The meeting closed with prayer for President Truman and the late Président Roosevelt. ' Directors present were: Dana G. King, H. E. Blakeslee, Earl C. Gay. JUarvin Fortner, Harry Stone, I. Jf. Mclanis, Tom Milner Jr., Gus Alfonso, George L. Carley, Paul Lacy, R. O. Besse Jr., Tom Mattinson, Andy J. Alfonso. Harry D. Larson, Clinton C. Blackwell, Walter Helveston, F. P. Amsler mai Maxie M. Bxeadu* Nearly 18,500 Jap Have Been Kjilled on Guam Since July 21 Washington, Apr. 14 (JP) Nearly 18,500 Japanese have been killed on Guam since D-t>ay last July 21, Major General Henry L: Lar-sen, Marine commanding officer of the island, reported ¡today. Only one dfiy has passed since the Marines retook ¡the island, he said, without at least one Japanese being killed. Latest previous official reports had placed enemy killed on the island at about 15,(^00. General Larsen told a news conference there was no way to estimate the numbed of Japanese remaining on the island, but that he was positive no support was coming in for those there. Japanese now being accounted for, he said, were military personnel, were a few civilians. Gen. Larsen was conferences. "very largely' though there here for staff Japan Seem^ to Be Lacking Pro perly Trained Pilots Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, April 14 (/P) Japanese air power may be suffering from the same malady which plagued the German air force—strangulation of the pilot supply. i Enemy aircraft shot down in the Okinawa operation, 325 miles south of Japan, in general appear to be of excellent quality, materials and workmanship. The numbers in which they have been made available for j destruction by American carrier-based planes and antiaircraft fire indicated sizable resources. j But the manner in which they have been employed causes eyebrow raising among tactical experts. . | Japan appears ¡to be lacking properly trained personnel to fly planes. The most likely ¡reason for Japan's deficiency is the lack of aircraft fuel, which was the major difficulty in Germany's program. It may also be that Japan simply lost pilots faster than she could replace them, and now with the war in Tier front yatd doesn't have time for an adequate .training program. The enemy hasn't enjoyed the opportunity of live target practice as the Americans have in bypassed islands. 'When the enemy comes in to fight it meets the first line, whereas the United States has been able to condition younger fliers with practice! runs on Japanese-held areas left behind in the rapid sweep toward Nippon. Considering other tactics, it's possible the Japanese command is holding back much top-flight personnel against jthe day when the war enters Nippon's parlor. This doesn't make much sense, but neither does the Japanese failure to use her best—if there is any— when th^ war is still beyind the front gate. -The present location of our airmen certifies an increasingly difficult era is forthcoming for Japan because • if long j range blows wrecked her ability to maintain fighting quality, then an over- Associated Press; AP and NEA Features Herald Building, Biloai Mississippi Coast, Saturday Afternoon, April 14, 1945 Harald Building, Gulfport Í Volume XL VII—Number The photos above were taken 23 years apart, but the flag 'is the same in both pictures. At left, the Stars and Stripes is lowered from the fortress of Ehrenbreitstein, overlooking the Rhine at Cologne, as U. S. Army of Occupation turned the citadel over to the French in February, 1923. At right, the same flag is pictured being raised over Ehrenbreitstein, after its, recent capture by the U. S. Third Army. The same companies, D and M, of the 4th Division, participated in both ceremonies;Roosevelt's Body Returned To White House For Funeral whelming clouting and warfare will strain Nippon's whole war economy, in short range -undoubtedly a Day April 14 (JP) Enemy Shjp Record of US Subs Since Pearl Portland, Ore., American submarines have sunk an enemy ship in the Pacific for every day of the War since Pearl Harbor, Rear Admiral Ralph W. Christie announced. The Navy officer, who for 33 months commanded the submarine fleet in the Southwest Pacific, said the subs have "consigned the Japanese merchantman to that part of the ocean whicih is rightfully his—the bottom-" | Admiral Christie, now commandant of the Puget Sound Navy Yard, told businessmen here yesterday that the submarine fleet has one standing oijder: "Find 'em. chase 'em, sink 'em." Funeral Hour To Be Observed In Coast Cities Public buildings and business on the Mississippi Coast prepared to close this afternoon during the funeral of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in respect to the memory of the late commander in chief who died unexpectedly Thursday afterndon at Warm • Springs, Ga. Funeral services will be conducted at 3 p.m., Mississippi Coast time, in the East room of the White House in Washington. Activity will be practically ait a standstill on the Coast from 3 to 4 p.m. Proclamations were issued Friday by mayors of Gulfport, Biloxi and Pass Christian proclaiming the period of mourning, requesting businesses to close during the funeral hour. Offices in the Harrison county courthouse at Gulfport closed at noon. Coast theatres, joining others throughout the nation, will remain closed this afternoon until 6 o'clock. There will be a momentary pause in telephone operations at the starting hour of the funeral to - pay silent tribute to President Roosevelt's memory. * A five-minute period of silence will be observed at the Gulfport Naval Training Center and Gulfport Army Air Field, starting,at 3 p.m., when all activity on the bases will cease. Sunday at 3 p.m- a memorial service will be held at the Navy base when the entire station personnel of several thousand will be assembled. Lt. Com. P. C. Edgar, senior chaplain, will deliver the memorial message, taking his text from St. John 14:1-10. Capt. A. O. Rabideau, commanding officer, will address the assembly. After the benediction by Chaplain Edgar taps will .be sounded and the national anthem played. TO SIGNAL PERIOD The period of silent prayer at Gulfport Field will be signalled by a one minute blast of the siren, followin'g which activity on the base will cease, with vehicles brought to a stop, and all personnel, both civilian and military, silent and still. At the end of the period a short blast of the siren will sound. ■ (continued on Jaage ten)'Mourning Nation Pauses in Grief Burial Tomorrow BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Washington, April 14 Franklin Delano Roosevelt returned in death today to the White House he had graced longer than any other president. While a whole people paused in grief, a funeral cortege bearing the body of the late president drew silently up to the ''White House door at 10:14 a.m. CWT. It was the end of a long train trip from Warm Springs, Ga., where the president died last Thursday. , At 8 p.m., today the natron officially bids goodbye at simple and solemn funeral services in the East Toom. Tonight, the body= will be taken to Hyde Park, for' burial at the family home tomorrow. Met at the Union station by President Truman and the government's leaders, . Mr. Roosevelt's body was borne slowly ,and mournfully along broad Constitution- avenue on a flag-draped Army caisson. . , So thick was. the - swarm of spectators at the station that police still' were untangling traffic half an hour after the last car had gone. THOUSANDS LINE STREETS Thousands of persons who lined the streets of the procession murmured only in whispers as the casket passed. The caisson bearing Mr. Roosevelt's body was preceded by a guard of all military services. In the first car directly behind it were Mrs. Roosevelt, Mrs. Anna Boettiger, the Roosevelt's only daughter," and Brig. Gen. Elliott Roosevelt, the second son. In the second car were Col. John Boettiger and the wives of the Roosevelt sons. President Truman, Secretary of Commerce Wallace, and James F. Byrnes, recently resigned War Mobilization chief, rode in the third car flying the American and Presidential flags. MANY IN TEARS Many a long the funeral route were in tears. As the procession entered the White House grounds, President _(continued on page ten)_ to Complete New Loop Levee Within 48 Hours New Orleans, April 14 (JP) Col. -org« H. Hudson, US district en-eer here, announced today that emergency crews battling a major Red river levee break at Harris Ferry, La., expected to have a new "loop" leveo completed within 48 hours. The main levee, where * sudden break would menace main line flood control defenses in the lower {Mississippi valley, was being fortified with carloads of crushed rock and Hudson said it was expected to hold "three or four more days at the present rate of casein." He said completion of the loop levee before crumbling of the main embankment would prevent a general envelopment of down stream levees and prevent the flooding of many thousands of aeries in central Louisiana west of the! Atchafalaya floodway. VThe engineers' announcement said 500 men worked through the night on'the caving levee, filling cracks with 26" cars of ballast material shipped in from Winn-field, La. "The rock ballast," it added, "is retarding the rate of cavjein and all equipment which canj be used in the area now is in operation." Tihe threatened break is 14 miles down stream from Alexandria. 5 At Alexandria the river rosfe .15 jof a foot in 24 hours to reach 44.76 feet, 1.11 feet higher than ever before recorded at this point. Engineers said the flood situation along the Red, Ouachita and Mississippi rivers, where 45,000 persons have been made homeless and more than 150,000.000 acres flooded in the past two weeks, remained unchanged except in the upper reaches where conditions were improving rapidly. Yiitks Burn Out Japs Maintaining Radio Signal Station Manila, April 14 (£>) Thirty-" eighjth Division Yanks stormed battleship-like Fort Drum on El Fraile island in Manila harbor yesterday and burned out a Japanese garrison which had been maintaining a radio signal" station. Using a specially-constructed ramp which rattled down from the superstructure of a landing ship the troops got aboard a concrete deck ashore with a minimum exposure to sniper fire from portholes in the wall. US 9th Army Throws New Bridgehead Across Elbe In Drive Toward Berlin Once atop the deck of the fórt, whitjh maintained two former battleship turrets as gún positions, the ¡Yanks challenged the enemy to surrender. On repeated refusal theyj poured 5,000 gallons of a gasoline mixture down vents and set á 600-pound demolition charge before withdrawing. The subsequent blast sent fire shooting from every ! porthole in the •stationary battleship" which lies across the bay from . Corregidor. Col.(Robert H. Soule, assistant division commander, who led the assajült, said there was no chance of survival of any of the estimated 25 to 50 Japanese. Maj. Paul R. Lemasters of Sheíbville, Ind., battalion com-maiider,, said the attack was so executed that the only casualties were three soldiers who suffered superficial wounds from snipers as the landing craft drew near Fort Drum. Clothing Canvass \ In Gulfport to Be Made Next Thursdày HARRY SWORN IN—Harry S. Truman is sworn in as President of the United States by Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone as members of the cabinet and congress look on. Mrs. Trumap stands in. the cen ter of the group, President Roosevel This scene took place at the White House shortly« following' the announcement of ';'« death.—NEA Teleohoto. A: . canvass for clothing for European needy will be conducted in Gulfport next Thursday afternoon, it was announced today by General Chairman H. E. Martin. The canvass was i originally planned for yester-dabr ibut postponed because of the dqath of President Roosevelt.' Mr. Martin said volunteer workers and Boy Scouts will report at the high school at 21 o'clock for the start of the drive. Additional adult orkers are needed to ride -the ucks with the Scouts. Appointment of Tom Mattison chairman of the packing and ipping committee was announced Mr. Martin. Other members of • j committee are Sam Fowlkes Jr., Norman Hertzer and Charles White. Merchants were requested to save: wood and cardboard boxes, tyirie and wire to be used by the committee in preparing and shipping! the clothes, being assembled at the receiving center at old West Ward school. Mr. Martin said the drive is progressing well with a large col-lection of clothing being received. He ire-emphasized the need for additional volunteer women workers to assist at the center, which is open daily except Sunday from 9 aim J to 5 p.m. WEATHER NEWS Ississippi Coast:: Partly cloudy É{ht and Sunday; lowest tonight 168. Gentle to moderate winds, ississippi:. Partly cloudy this boon, tonight, and Sunday wiin scattered showers in northwest portion this afternoon and tonight and in north and west-central portion Sunday, not quite warm in northwest portion Sun-y afternoon. \ Weather report at Keesler Field 24 hours ended at midnight: inimum ....................67 Maximum ....................79 Lowest temperature last night 67 Temperature today . . ......... 70 iaexBosoLtxucAi. kxcokd ____taken for M Hour 9 JO a.irt. (CWT) today. Atlanta 90 CUcigo .........70 40 Houston .........79 VI vllle ....«3 82 Ctty ....7« a , . i ........81 «0 New OHean«____S3 «7. Kjttebuijh . . ...-« 51 sWorld Mourns With USat Death Of Roosevelt By The Associated Press The World mourns with the United States today ,as tribute is paid to Franklin Delano Roosevelt in funeral services at the White House. In many other nations, whose high officials still were sending a stream of condolences to this country, memorial services were called for today and tomorrow. The London Times gave voice to Britain's sorrow in an editorial declaring: "He ts "mourned here a^ perhaps no other of another country hag ever been." = Reverently, American soldiers and sailors stationed in Britain will file into Churches during thye day for a la?t tribute to their dead commander in chief. The US Army has scheduled Protestant services at Grosvenor Chapel, Catholic St. James Church and Jewish services at the West end synagogue. American naval personnel will attend a service at St. Marks Church. The British will honor the late president at Sunday church services. Many clerics plan to devote sermons to his work and accomplishments. COURT GOES INTO MOURNING As Foreign 'Secretary Anthony' Eden flew to the United States to represent Britain at the funeral, the king and queen cancelled plans for a weekend trip to Glosgow and the court went into mourning. American, British and Canadian military forces in Northern Ireland will attend a memorial service Sunday, at the famous Londonderry Cathedral. High Russian officials were expected to attend 'a simple ceremony in Moscow at the home of US Ambassador W. Averell Harriman. Sgt. Goerge E. Thomas of Chicago, a former pastor at 'Lynn, Mass., will conduct the services. The Moscow radio said the Council of People's Commissars had ordered mourning flags flown from all Soviet state and official buildings for two days. Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek invited high Chinese officials, foreign diplomats, anfl representatives of Allied military forces to a memorial service in Chungking Monday. STUDY PRESIDENTS LIFE France observed an official day of mourning today with flags at half-staff, all r.musement places closed and primary schools devoting the day to the study of the president's life. Special services will be held tomorrow at Notre Dame Cathedral, at the American Cathedral Church and in a Paris Synagogue. In Jerusalem, special tributes and religious services were planned. Lord Gort, British high commissioner, will attend a memorial Sunday in St. Georges Cathedral. From Moscow, where he now is visiting, Premier Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia addressed condolences to_Mrs- Roosevelt and President Truman, calling the late president a "fighter for the freedom of the independence of small nations." The Portuguese fleet lowered its flags to half mast and the flagship is firing salutes every half hour until Su-iday. Poland's two rival governments both paid high tribute. In Venezuela, the Municipal Council of Caracas was asked by a political party to name one of the principal streets of that city in honor of Roosevelt, "Thus perpetuating the memory of such a great ijian in the birthplace of the Liberator (Simeon Bolivar) of America."Netherland Civilians Who Aided Allies Shot by Germans London, April 14 (JP) New instances of atrocities committed by the frustrated Germans upon helpless civilians and political prisoners caught in the path of the Wehr-macht's retreat were reported today by front advices. A correspondent with the Canadian troops in Holland said Netherlands civilians who aided Allied airborne troops , dropped into northern Holland last week were killed by the Germans as# they withdrew toward the North 'sea. The victims included a 14-year old boy. One Canadian trooper said the patriots were apparently beaten before they jvere shot and perhaps tortured. Fourteen were killed Tuesday in a barn at Speir, 30 miles south of Groningen, and 11 more were shot the next day at a rifle range near Assen, 17 miles farther north, the dispatch said. A US Third Army front dispatch quoted Capt. Charles Davidson, Beaumont, Tex., as saying the Germans cold-bloodedly executed 900 political prisoners during the week prior to the Sixth Armored Division's liberation of the Buchenwald . Concentration Camp. An English - speaking German Communist held at the camp told the Americans thrt the 900 were shot while they stood against a wall, ostensibly for physical examination. In Italy, Allied Military Government officers on the US Fifth Army front said nearly 400 civilians, including a priest cut down while he was at the altar celebrating mass, were slain by German SS (Elite Guard) troops in Italian villages between last Sept. 29 and Oct. 6. The officers said the Archbishop of Montario attested to virtually all the attrocities.AP Briefs- RETIRED JAP GENERAL DIES San Francisco, April 14 (JP) Lt. Gen. Genroku Seki (retired), former commander of the Osaka Division and former member of the Japanese Army general staff, died Thursday of a stomach ailment, the Japanese tiomei news a*ency said today in s broadcast recorded by the Federal Communications Commission. nphis / - ■ '-« »!■> T mJaps Indignant Over Enemy's Defilement Of Imperial Palace By The Associated^ Press The Tokyo rtdio said today the Japanese people were indignant over "the enemy's defilement of the Imperial Palace" and other Imperial shrines through B-29 bombings. The dispatch, recorded by the Associated Press, quoted Premier Admiral Kantaro Suzuki as assuring the Japanese people that "their Imperial majesties the emperor, empress and empress dowager are absolutely safe and sound and that no damage was incurred by the three sanctuaries within the Imperial Palace." Suzuki proceeded to the Imperial Palace and the Oyima Palace to tender his apologies, on behalf of the Japanese people for US bombing raids on Tokyo, the broadcast said, "And also paid homage at the Meiji shrine to offer apologies to the soul of his imperial majesty, Emperor Meiji-* "The Japanese people renew their pledge to cru^i the barbaric enemy because of irresistible indignation over the enemy's defilement of the Imperial Palace Lyima Palace and the detached palace of Akasaka, as well as the Meiji shrine, by enemy indiscriminate bombing," the broadcast quoted the premier. Radio Tokyo said their imperial majesties were not harmed by the palace fires. "It is apparent," the broadcast said, "the enemy carried out such an atrocious action in an attempt to conceal his disappointment over the death of President Roosevelt." A pair of Army shoes requires twice as much leather a* « pfur man*s 4ims MdSards. DENY REPORT Paris, April 14 (JP) The French denied today a broadcast report that William Bullitt, former US ambassador to France, had been appointed governor of the captured • German town of Baden Baden. Bullitt is serving in the first French Army as a liaison ®f-ricer. APPOINTED GOVERNOR London, April 14 (JP) William Bullitt, former US ambassador* to France, has been appointed governor of the German town of Baden Baden, captured recently by the French First Army, the Paris radio said today. Bullitt is now a French Army officer. EXPECTED IN MOSCOW Moscow, April 14 (JP) Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley, US Ambassador to China, is expected to arrive in Moscow today or tomorrow for conferences with Ambassador W. Averell Harriman. Hurley is on his way back to Chungkinr from the United States. Harriman plans to go to Washington shortly for a brief visit, but does not expect to attend the San Fraaeisco world security conference. JAP DOCUMENT Manila, April 14 (JP) General Douglas MacArthur's headquarters reported today that a Japanese document captured by 14th Corps troops in Batangaa province March 27 read: "Kill American troops ernglly. Do not kill them wi<h one stroke. Shoot guerrillas. All who oppose the* emperor, even ] women and children, will be killed." Headquarters said the document was part of battle instructions to Japanese troops from the ground command«- of the Juji group and was dated March 8, 1945. ISLAND CAPTURED New York, April 14 (JP) The Island of Rab, in the Adriatic sea off the northwest coast of Yugoslavia, has been captured by Yncoslav troops and naval units, a broadcast Yugoslav communique said today. The announcement, reported by the FCC, said the "entire enemy garrison" in the tewa or Bab bad been annihilated. GIRAUD FAMILY FREED Dijon, France, April 14 (JP) The family of Gen. Henri Girasd, liberated by American troop« in Germany, arrived here Thursday. One daughter died during her internment. i Those freed werf Mrs. Giraud, two daughters, seven grandchildren, a,son-in-law and two sisters-in-law of Mrs. Giraud. The family was arrested in April, 1944, at Abc-en-Provcnee and taken to Thuringia. PROFOUND SYMPATHY San Francisco, April 14 (JP) Japan, has sympathy" to the le on the death of President Roosevelt, the Japanese Dome! News Agency said today hi » broadcast record by the Fed-*Zero Hour Near For Red Troops Massed on Oder By WILLIAM L. RYAN (JP) US Ninth Army troops threw « new bridgehead across thé Elbo river today in their powerhouse drive toward Berlin and the Russian lin», amid growing indications that the zero hour w*s imminent for Red Army forces massed along the Oder some 90 mil— away. US Third Army tanks by^pass- ed the northwest tip of : Czechoslovakia, virtually bisecting tfie Reich and cutting the superhighway to Munich. The Third stabbed ahead at a point 25 m^les from the Czechoslo%ak border. T!» Third's armor was ten miles# from Chemnitz, 38 from bomb-wrecked Dresden. At the same time US First Army tanki sheared beyond Leipzig, also headed for a juncture with Soviet forces, which now are ; massed from Silesia to the Baltic, rested and ready for the. campsign to flatten central Germany. Tho German radio said the offensive there was about to be launched« expecting a drive outflanking Bea* ■lin on the north and south, with a frontal blow in the center. All direct communication between Berlin and the south was cut. The Ninth Army on the Elbe 45 miles from the capital met heavy fire from German flak batteries. ^ WIPE OUT RUHR POCKET Behind the fronts the first and Ninth Armies virtually wiped out the last of the Ruhr pocket, where 150,000 Nazis had been trapped. More than 100,000 Germans had surrendered in the pocket. « The dash skirting the Czechoslovak frontier was made by US Third Army spearheads; Three of Bradley's armies now were lea than 100° miles from the Russians« The Third was 88 miles away, the Ninth 90 miles, and the First was fighting for Leipzig and last reported 95 miles from the Red armies. Red Array troops, released by the fall of Vienna, mounted new drives toward Prague and the Nazt mountain redoubt in southern Germany. Marshal Feodor I. Tol-biikhin's Third Ukranian Army was driving hard toward Berchtes-gaden, Hitler's lair, and his tankv were rolling the Germans west* ward across Austria. Berlin indicated a wholesale withdrawal of Nazi troops on the sweeping 170-mile front. PUSH INTO MORAVIA Ukraine Army of Marshal Rodioa Y. Malinovsky pushed into Moravia, last German army arsenal, capturing Goeding (Hodonin), • war center 32 miles from Bruenn. Czechoslovak munitions city, and storming the Morava river on ft 14-mile stretch. British troops on the eastern Italian front drove into the outskirts of Imola, Po valley highway center less than 20 miles east of (continued on page ten)End to Period of Repression Called By Franco Regime ^Madrid, April 14 (JP) The Franco regime, in an indication it was attempting to move into line with, the postwar world, today proclaimed and invited Spanish Republicans abroad to apply for return. The announcement was a frank •bid for the support of .a majority of the Allies. It was by no means a general amnesty offer for the government reserved to itself tjh2 right to make decisions on appneations for re-. entpr to Spain and there was no indication that persons arrested since the Civil War for opposition to the regime would be freed. It was, however, » promise of freedom for the political prisonerSr possibly 60,000, still held in Spanish jails as an aftermath of'thft struggle. (In Mexico City, Felix Gordon Ordaz, last Spanish Republican ambassador to Mexico, said many of the. problems connected With restoration of the Spanish repubUl' will be settled at the coming ScS Francisco Conference.) ■ --iGulfport Projects Included in Nayy Construction Program ¡Washington, April 14 (JP) À Navy proposal to triple its pubtts works construction program in the next year is being considered by '; Congress. . -f : * • Under the plan, already approved by the Budget Bureau, 231,400 would be appropriated taty. Naval building projects in the yeat starting July 1. This is approact^ " mately three times last year's ure of $531,060,000. The House appropriations eon mittee is studying the oùtlined in a Budget Bureau sage forwarded to Congress President Roosevelt before death. The committee is toi act within a few days. jSome of the money would routine projects and miner jobs, but most of it would, buildings or extension «C at varied Naval in • Projects planned, as tlie Budget Bureau reports Mississippi—$100,000. < and $75,000, resurfacing of storage awns and railroad age extensions, both at Advance Base Depot; steam engineering school , ai»d equipment, GuUfeoct d » ;