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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 28, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy And Cool Tonight, Fair Saturday Chiefs vs. Waseca Gabrych Park Sunday 8 p.m. NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 160 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 28, 1954 TWENTY PAGES Waseca Denied Right to Fix Gas Rate 'Ceiling' nies Pressu re For Schine Promotion Cecil K. Carrier of Bristol, Tenn., is shown in the Quonset Naval Air Station Infirmary read- Ing about the explosion and fire which claimed the lives of 95 persons aboard the carrier Benn- ington. He escaped with facial and arm burns. (AP Wirephoto) Big Arms Spending Program Put Off By PRANK O'BRIEN WASHINGTON Communist onslaught in Indochina has the administration to plunge into planning for possible big boosts in defense spending during the next year. But neither is the possibility ruled out that President Eisenhower's cherished plans for big annual cutbacks in defense outlays, and a shift TODAY Reds Seek Weapons Superiority By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON gravity of the present turning point in world affairs can be simply measured. Apologetic yet quite .serious talk about a "preventive showdown" with the Soviet bloc is beginning to be heard in high quarters. Thus far, those who venture to use the ugly word, are only a small minority. Furth- ermore, they do not positively advocate a preventive policy, with its grim, inherent risk of major war. They just say that this policy can no longer be ruled out. The fact remains that the word that was tabu and the idea that was tabu are not quite tabu now. This change is the clearest symptom of the deep uneasiness that reigns among those who know the true posture of affairs. There are two interacting causes of this uneasiness. from a war to a peace economy, may not in the near future be knocked into a cocked hat. But again, according to present thinking among Eisenhower pol- icymakers, it will take something I a good deal more significant, in their judgment, than what has i thus far happened in the Far East I to.bounce the administration loose I from its present spending plans. Chief Conclusion! These were the chief conclusions to be drawn from a few carefully oTrPt, in a speech but he said "there is "no Secretary of the Treasury Hum- basis.- for assuming they may phrey gave Tuesday in New York. have been caused by sabotage y It was authoritatively learned to-1 tr day that Humphrey's words about He sald he saw fabncs and Admiral Carney Inspects Blast Damage on Ship QUONSET POINT, R. I. Adm. Robert B. Carney, chief of naval operations, says he found "freakish and unique" effects from the blasts and fire that claimed the lives of 95 men of the big aircraft carrier Bennington. The Navy's highest ranking of- ficer flew in last night from Cuba, donned overalls and spent an hour checking the blistered and black- ened compartments of the ton vessel, victim of a series of explosions Wednesday. Carney said that characteristics of the blasts were "freakish and very unique from anything I have the spending outlook were chosen with exceptional care and delib- erately delivered as reports mul- tiplied that the Far East crisis might add 1'rom 5 to 15 billion dollars to next year's budget. Humphrey, a stubborn man who does not mind swimming against the current, has in the past led in d i s c 1 o sing administration thought to the contrary when the impression was getting around that his "sound economy" pro- gram was about to be bumped I on aside by inrpmatinnai clues, ments. He said e' saw structural objects near one an- Supreme Court Ruling Affects Rate-Making Powers of Cities ST. PAUL a far-reaching 'ecision affecting irte-making towers of municipalities, the Min esota Supreme Court ruled today that the city of Waseca has no authority to fix a "ceiling" on rates for natural gas. The high tribunal declared un- constitutional an ordinance which i limits the power of the city to fix rates at maximums that are no higher than those charged in Al- bert Lea. The decision, written by As- sociate Justice Martin A. Nelson, compels the city of Waseca to con- sider a petition of the Western States Utilities Co. requesting an increase in gas rates. The high court affirmed Judge C. A. Rolloff of Waseca County District Court and denied the ap- peal of municipal officers and members of the Waseca City Coun- cil. One provision of the ordinance stated that the net rates to be charged for gas shall "at all times be fair and but another section imposed a limitation that they were not to exceed those in force in Albert Lea. _ In 1950 the city council by resolu- tion granted an increase in rates, after reciting that the ordinance did not produce a "fair and reason- able rate" and that the ordinance apparently was inconsistent with he city charter. About three months later, on city council to the effect hat certain provisions of ordin- ance were inconsistent with other irovisions and submitted to voters Jie question of repeal. Instead it uggested a provision that rates hall be "fair, reasonable and ust." The voters rejected the pro- 'Osed amendment. Justice Nelson pointed to a 1919 tate law which authorized all ities of the third and fourth lasses to-prescribe by ordinance time to time the rates to be ran. 8, 1951, the passed a resolution With The Holiday weekend nearing this is a grim warning that speed The utility pole broken off high above the ground by a fast- traveling auto well resembles a Crucifix. It marks a grave for the car's twisted wreckage which hurtled a man t his death on Ohio State Route 125 near Amelis, Ohio, today. (UP Tele- photo) other, some showing (effects of) i charged for electricity and fas. heat and others no heat at all." said tfle Legislature had power In other places, he said, ?rant this authority to all municipalities, but it chose to limit it to third and fourth class cities. international develop- was evidence of "tremendous pres- sures and other signs of complete vacuums." He said the explosions were "the worst I have seen in all my naval service." He declined to speculate on the cause, explaining that a host of technical experts from the Bureau of Ships is combing the ship for The first cause, obviously, is In- dochina. What is really at stake in Indochina, if you get right down to rockbottom, is the strategic bal- ance between the free world and the Soviet empire. This strategic balance has been precariously maintained for eight years. Main- taining the balance was the real purpose of the decision to go into the Korean war. But what was saved in Korea is now in even greater danger in Indochina. If Indochina is allowed to fall, the breakdown in the stra- tegic balance will be total and dis- astrous. The second cause of the present uneasiness, which the administra- tion has .sedulously concealed, is also a basic change in the relative situations of the Soviet and West- ern halves oi the world. It is the new trend of the weapons balance, described in three recent reports in this space. Hitherto, the dominant feature of the weapons balance has been the supremacy of American air- atomic .striking power. The Soviet Union might be stronger in every Humphrey is privy to the admin- istration's inmost planning because .he is a member of both the Cab- inet and the National Security Council, the inner group where the high defense policy other arm of But the really decisive arm held by the Unit- ed States. Slo long as that was the situation, there was a kind of crude balance of weapons as be- tween the contestants in the world struggle. But the Soviets have now upset all the Pentagon's calculations by bringing out long range jet-bomb- ers two years earlier than was es- timated. This means that within 18 months to two years, the Krem- lin will have decisive air-atomic striking power of its own, plus the freedom our goverriment does not (Continued on Page 10, Column 5.) ALSOPS nation's formed. Russ Have H-Bomb Last Sept. 18, he said in a speech here disclosure that Soviet Russia had exploded a hydrogen boml was not spurring the administra tion into expensive new defense outlays which would result in a plea to Congress for cancellation of the scheduled 10 per cent in come tax reduction on Jan. 1. So such request was issued and the tax cut went through on schedule On Oct. 20, in a speech at San Francisco, Humphrey in sible multibillion-dollar, continent- al air-and-electronics picket tern of defense against Soviet air instead a "bal- anced but adequate" long-haul de- fense centered on use of new weapons and taking advantage of technical developments. This line of thought was reflected in the budget Eisenhower presented Con- gress in January. Probes Misleading People, Says Kefauver WASHINGTON Kefau- ver (D-Tenn) says "sensational. investigations have given vast numbers of the American people a completely mistaken impres- sion" of Congress and that rules of fair play should be set up. Kefauver, who .conducted the widely televised probe into organ- ized crime several years ago, joined yesterday with 18 other sen- ators in proposing such a code. All are Democrats except Sen. Morse The Navy court of inquiry an- nounced it will open its investiga- tion tomorrow. Two of the 201 injured men died at Newport Naval Hospital yester- day. Nearly 100 injured are hos- "This statute provided that it was the right and duty of the municipal governing body to fix a rate which would permit the utility company to make a reasonable Experts Ponder Yew Plans for ndochina Peace GENEVA group of experts ought today to find how much ommon ground there is in Com- lunist and non-Communist pro- osals for an Indochina cease-fire. The committee of constitutional and legal specialists, including one from each of the nine delegations in the Indochina conference, was set up late yesterday after the main parley bogged down in a series of overlapping and conflict- ing plans. The nine-party conference itself was in recess awaiting outcome of the study. Its next meeting is tentatively set for tomorrow after- noon. While the Indochina parley took the afternoon off, the 19-nation Ko- rea talks'were to be. resumed at a private meeting. Several delegates were expected to speak, including U. S. Under Secretary of State Walter Bedell BE ALIVE TUESDAY ____ _____ about 40 of them in crit- Department reported today there ical condition. Many of these will were fewer labor strikes last month Smith, who was reported ready to throw his support behind South Ko- rea's proposals for U. N.-super vised elections throughout Korea. The Indochina experts had be- fore them records of 11 meeting: investment including all proposals made insss. under an economi- date on all aspects of the pr< posed ceasefire. If they can fin enough in common to draft a for mula, a group of military specia ists will try to work out the tech nical military problems involved The proposals include (he seven point discussion plans of Franc and the opposing Vietminh; th State Traffic Toll 235; Long Weekend Begins By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With the long Memorial Day weekend coming up, Minnesota's traffic toll today already was 53 ahead of last year at a total of 235. Latest victim, added Thurs-: day, was a Sacred Heart (Minn.) another fcr aid against Selassie Urges Free World to Take Its Stand WASHINGTON UP) Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia de- clared today that no state, "large or can refuse the call of High School boy. Fred R. Hoff, is, was riding in the rear of a pickup truck which struck a rough spot in the road. He was pitched to the ground and killed. Floyd Scheck, 16, also of Sacred Heart, was driving the truck. At Crookston, a coroner's jury "I call upon the he said in a speech prepared for a joint session of Congress, "for determin- ation fearlessly to apply and to ac- cept, as you and as we have ac- cepted them, the sacrifices of col- lective security." The erect, black-bearded African who is making an of. ficial visit to the United States, said the principle of collective se- curity transcends geography and due to an unavoidable near I were accident. nth in the cal and" efficient Justice Nelson wrote. Fewer Labor Strikes Reported This April WASHINGTON The Labor require plastic surgery more than a year from now because of severe burns. Added to the death list were Lt. (j.g.) Paul S. Tondo, New Britain, Conn., and Chief Pay Clerk Stan- ley Capistrand, Burlington, Vt. than in any postwar April. The department's Bureau of La- bor Statistics said there were 450 strikes in April involving workers for man-days of idleness. A man-day is the time of one man for one day. vV O This 15-Foot Monument to the Million Penny Parade will be unveiled Saturday in Memorial Day festivities at Woodruff, Wis. The monument is a tribute to the million pennies raised by Wood- ruff high school pupils in 1953 for construction of a new hospital. Donna Behin, center, won the title of Penny Parade queen. (UP Telephoto) four-point plan of Britain on pro cedure, and the proposals b France, Communist China, and th Vietminh on arrangements for as sembling the opposing forces in special zones. Here is the way the East an West stand on some of the main points: Extent of a insists it shall apply only in Vie Nam while the Communists cal for a simultaneous cease-fire in all three Indochinese Nam, Laos and Cambodia. Waseca Woman Wounds Husband, Self in Shooting WASECA, Minn. (Si A Waseca njjan and his Wife, each about 60, suffered serious wounds in a shoot- ing early today. Chief of Police Al Kahnke said investigation indicated Mrs. George H. Wobsehall beat her husband with a rolling pin, shot him with a 50-year-old .32 revolver and then turned the gun on herself. WobschaU, a mail carrier, was wounded in the chest, his wife in the abdomen. Kahnke said Mrs. Wobsehall had recently been a patient in a rest home, Wobsehall. was found across the street from their home. The police chief said he apparently fled when his wife attacked him, Mrs. Wob- schall was found in the home. They were taken to a Rochester hospital. The three died when their oar and a remitrailer truck driven by Fred Thurber, Minneapolis, collided at an intersection. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and cooler tonight. Satur- day fair and cool. Low tonight 50, high Saturday 62 LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at li m. today: Maximum, 65; minimum, 50; noon, 65; precipitation, .42; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 65 at noon today. Low 55 degrees at p. m. Thursday. Other noon readings scattered layer of clouds at feet, overcast at feet, visi- bility over 15 miles, wind from the west southwest at 15 miles per hour, barometer at steady, humidity 76 per cent. continued: "We feel that nowhere can the call for aid against aggression be refused by any state large or small. It is either a universal prin- ciple or it is no principle at all. It cannot admit of regional ap- plication or be of regional respon- sibility. That is why we, like you, have sent troops halfway around the world to Korea." years ago Selassie made an unsuc- cessful appeal to the League of Nations for help. Nonetheless the Emperor made clear today as he has before that he is still a strong believer in joint action. Selassie also told Congress his country has made "enormous so- cial, economic and material ad- vances." "We have thus become a land of expanding he said, "where the American pioneering spirit, ingenuity and technical abil- ities have been and will continue to be welcomed." Charges Stevens In Error Over Reported Claim Francis Carr To Be Available For Testimony WASHINGTON M. Cohn swore today Sen. McCarthy never in his presence requested a direct commission a.s an Army officer for G. David disputing testimony by Secretary of the Army Stevens. "I say he's made an Cohn said of testimony by Stevens that, as he recalled, McCarthy made such a request at a breakfast last Sept, 16 in the New York apart- ment of Schine's parents. Cohn also disputed details of tes- timony from Maj. Gen. Miles H. Seber who said Cohn exerted great pressure last July for a commis- sion for Schine, young millionaire and unpaid McCarthy subcommit- .ee who then faced the draft. Reber, the Army's lead-off wit- ness when the McCarthy-Army learings began AprE 22, testified he got calls from Sen. McCarthy's of them from wo or three times a day in the period from July 8 to July 30. Cohn acknowledged he had taken up the question of a commission or Schine with Reber, then Army liaison officer to Congress, but placed the number of calls at "five ir six." Entitled to Commission "I thought he (Schine) was en- itled to a still I Cohn said. Cohn, 27-year-old chief counsel to the McCarthy subcommittee, was in the witness chair for second day and under cross-exami- nation by Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel. At the outset of this 23rd day of the hearings, one point of contro- versy apparently was stilled. Francis P. Carr, staff director of the McCarthy subcommittee, was declared available to testify. McCarthy so advised the investi- gating senators in a letter. Democratic senators and Army Counsel Joseph N. Welch had in- sisted Carr's testimony was neces- sary, and had protested the action of the Republican majority in dropping Carr Wednesday as a principal in the case. Jenkins swung to cross-examina- tion after Cohn, in direct testi- mony, had repeatedly contradicted sworn testimony from Secretary Stevens and Army counselor John G. Adams. The clash of testimony accented the possibility that one outcome of the .whole bristling controversy could be a perjury charge against some of those involved. Jenkins recalled that Stevens had testified to a recollection that at a Sept. 16 breakfast in the Schine apartment McCarthy urged that Schine be given a commission. "He (McCarthy) did not, sir, he did not, Cohn testified em- phatically. Cohn said that Stevens later had qualified his testimony by saying that his recollection was "hazy" about the occasion. Cohn said his memory was clear. "I know that on that occasion (Continued on Page 14, Column 6.) HEARING Roy Cohn, back to camera, undergoes cross- examination by special counsel Ray Jenkins at the McCarthy-Army hearing in Washington today. Left to right at the committee table are Sen. Charles Potter, Sen. Everett Dirk- sen Ray Jenkins; Chairman Karl Mundt Sen. Stuart Symington (D-Mo) and Sen. Henry Jackson (UP Telephoto)
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