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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 27, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Occasional Light Rain Tonight; Continued Cool Chiefs vs. Waseca Gabrych Park Sunday 8 p.m. NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 159 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 27, 1954 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Army Tried to Gag Quiz, Cohn Says Arms Sought on French Freighter In Canal Zone Tensions Mount In Jittery Central America PANAMA increased in jittery Central America today as U.S. customs inspectors at the Atlantic rnouth of the Panama Canal ransacked the cargo of a French for contraband arms. An agent of the French Line at Cristobal said a search of its tpn freighter Wyoming began last 1 nifcht "in connection with the busi- ness in Guatemala." He obviously referred to U.S. charges that left- ist Guatemala recently received a large arms shipment from behind the Iron Curtain. Guatemala is one of the Wyoming's ports of call. The agent declared, however, "There are no arms or contraband aboard." He said the ship carried only general cargo. The Wyoming had been due to clear through the canal today en route to El Salvador, Guatemala, Los Angeles, San Francisco and Vancouver, B.C. But officials in- dicated she would not be ready to leave on schedule. No Suspicion U.S. State Department officials said in Washington the ship was being searched to determine wheth- er customs regulations have been violated. The officials stressed that no suspicion had arisen with respect to the French Line itself. They said both the line and the French government were cooper- ating in the inspection. This left the question whether the manifest might have been falsified. The State Department announce- ment said: "The ship's manifest reflects a miscellaneous cargo comprised principally of machinery. "Included are five boxes of sport- ing arms, but it is understood that no question is being raised about these." One Washington source said, however, U.S. authorities had re- ceived information indicating there might be more than five boxes of "sporting arms" aboard. Reports reached Washington late last week that two more shipments of Red arms were en route to Guatemala. The Red-tinged Cen- tral American nation allegedly had already received a 10-million-dollar cargo from the Polish port of Stettin. Keeping Evet Open State Department officials ac- knowledged, in view of such re- ports, U.S. customs authorities were "keeping their eyes open." Elsewhere along the Central American cold war front: Reports from Guatemala said a mystery plane swooped over that Caribbean republic last night and scattered pamphlets which called Guatemalans to fight "Commu- nist oppression." From neighboring Honduras came word that several planes had arrived with arms sent that coun- try under terms of the U.S. de- fense agreements. The United States is rushing military equip- ment to both Honduras and Nicara- gua. The U. S. Air Force announced in Washington that three of its big intercontinental B36 bombers will make a demonstration flight over Nicaragua today at the re- quest of the Nicaraguan govern- ment. President Eisenhower greeted Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia on the north portico of the White House as the African monarch arrived Wednesday for a state visit. Mrs. Eisenhower stands beside her husband. The emperor's granddaughter, Princess Sebla Desta, is at cen- ter. Prince Sahle, son of the emperor, stands be- side his father. (AP Wirephoto) Searing Flames Followed Blast Aboard Bennington of N.Y. Central's Fate Begins By ED MORSE ALBANY, N.Y. fate ie mighty New York Central .Rail- road rested today in four huge safes and nine steel filing cabinets. Their contents stock proxies voted for the present management headed by President William White or for the opposition forces headed by financier Robert R. decide who will run the railroad. Young's proxies were in the safes and White's in the filing cab- inets. After yesterday's rip-roaring annual meeting in the Washington Avenue Armory, attended by stockholders, the proxies were taken to the 12th floor of the Hotel Ten Eyck. There three law professors today Degan to supervise the laborious process of tabulating, separating the valid from the invalid, and judging challenges. After 4 hours and 40 minutes of noise and at times disorder and confusion, the stockholders' meet- ing was recessed yesterday until noon next Tuesday, when the in- QUONSET POINT, R.I. word "catapult" bobbed up today in eyewitness accounts of the dis- aster which killed at least 91 men and injured 201 Wednesday on the aircraft carrier Bennington. The catapult room of the big ship may come under investigation aft- er the Navy Board of Inquiry meets for the first time here today. Last October, 37 men died in an explosion on the carrier Leyte as she was being overhauled at Bos- ton. A naval board of inquiry con- cluded that the blast happened when someone accidentally ignited In explaning the location of the Circus Tent Blown Down In Kansas STOCKTON, Kan. Ufi winds blew down a circus tent last night but approximately spec- tators and the performers escaped serious injury. Employes of the Al G. Kelly and Russell Brothers Circus and towns- people on the grounds outside the big tent helped free those trapped under the billowing canvas. The most serious injury reported was a broken ankle although a number of persons received cuts and bruises, Pershing Brady, editor of the Rooks County Record, who was at- Improvement Predicted SANFORD, N. C. Earl, 37, convicted on two charges of drunkenness, will have 30 days to study a pamphlet in his pocket when he was arrested. The title: "You Can Improve Yourself if You Want To." spectors will report on the vote, tending the circus, said that six Some sources said it might be girl aerialists had gone up ropes only the first of several reports to start their performance when and that the count might last many j the wind hit. They came down days or even weeks longer if the j just before the tent gave way. vote is close. Crucial Challenge The management made a crucial challenge of est block of Central by Young's Texas millionaire friends, Clint W. Murchison and Sid W. Richardson, who did not attend the meeting. The Central has fought through the courts and the Interstate Com- merce Commission to block voting of these shares, contending that their purchase from the Chesa- peake and Ohio Railway was a "sham" and that there was a con- spiracy to put and Central under common control. The Central yesterday lost Quicker Hearings End the Better, Nixon Declares NEW YORK President Richard M. Nixon says the Army- McCarthy hearings are diverting attention from more important is- sues, and the quicker they end the better. He declared last night that the E i s e n hower administration is "smashing the Communist con- spiracy to bits" through efforts of Court decided in New York City Atty. Gen. Herbert Brownell and that the stock could be voted, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover without compromising American its latest court fight to bar voting of this block when the Appellate Divi- sion of New York State Supreme Rescuers Seek Injured Alaskan Mountain Climber FAIRBANKS, Alaska men inched their way up Mt. Mc- Kinley's treacherous southern but- tress today in a desperate attempt to save a mountain climber who was left gravely injured in a lone- ly, cold tent last Sunday. The man in toe tent is George Argus, one of three survivors of a fall May 15 which killed the fourth member of their party, George Thayer, 27, Reads- boro, Vt. The rescue party is led by Dr. John McCall, 31-year-old Univer- sity of Alaska glacierologist. With climbers from the Army indoctri- nation center at Big Delta, Alaska. They were carried to the foot level by an Air Force heli- copter early yesterday. Strong winds and blowing snow blocked attempts to add more men to the party so the four started toward the two-mile-high spot where Arg- us lay, Morton Wood and Leslie Vier- eck, who were found in McKinley Park Tuesday just as a search was about to be started, told of the fall. They said after conquering the southern buttress for the first time and starting back, they reached the level. "It was just a silly little ac- Wood said. "One of Thay- er's feet because his clamped-on spikes lost their grip. He tumbled over the preci- pice and all of us went with him. "I recall falling and falling. Thayer died because he struck a ledge sticking out of the cliff. Arg- us broke the fall by tumbling into deep snow which stopped him and pulled us all to a stop." compromising fair-play principles. Addressing a New York State Republican Committee dinner, he did not mention Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (R-Wis) by name. He said Brownell and Hoover are waging an anti-Red program of "action and not Referring to the televised hear- ings in Washington, he said: "I prefer professionals to ama- teurs on television." He said the more quickly the hearings could be concluded and attention diverted to more impor- tant subjects, "the better it will be for America." Nixon shared the speaking plat- form at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel with Mrs. Oveta Hobby, sec- retary of health, education and welfare, and Gov. Thomas E. Dewey. Dewey did not announce whether he would run for a fourth term this fall, as it had been expected he might, but delivered a cam- paign-type speech against Demo- cratic state leaders and said the voters "wanted the Republican ad- ministration. explosions and fire which shook the Bennington while she was 75 miles offshore, her skipper, Capt. William F. Raborn Jr., of Okla- homa City, said the damaged area was below the third deck; that damage was done to the No. 1 fire room, the port catapult room and the living quarters of the general service crew. (The catapault room holds ma- chinery which powers the vessel's catapults which are used to drive planes into the air.) Awfikenud by Blast Lt. (j.g.) John Wallam of Pitts- burgh, a gunnery officer aboard the Bennington, said the blast awoke him with such a start it smashed his watch on the bulk- head. "As soon as I was he said, "I heard a funny noise com- ing from the pumps that operate the catapults. They usually sound jlike some sort of vacuum cleaner, but now they sounded like a motor was running hot and out of j very much louder than usual." Wallam said he hit the deck just as he heard a dull boom echo throughout th-5 ship. When he reached the second deck, he added, the lights were out and there was heavy oil smoke everyplace. Capt. Raborn explained: "We had just completed launching 20 jets and were standing by to launch the 40 propeller planes on the deck when I spotted the puff of smoke coming from the star- board side of the flight deck. This was followed by a minor explosion, the shock of which was felt only in the forward quarters. Major Explosion "Then came the major explosion which caused the ship to shake." Rear Admiral Edgar Cruise, who was aboard the Bennington, his flagship, said he too had seen the puff of smoke and yelled over the speaker to Capt. Raborn. He said later when the Bennington had docked there was a heavy smell of aviation gasoline. The carrier, a proud bearer of numerous battle honors in World War II, was rocked by the disaster early yesterday off New England. A violent blast on the second or third deck below the flight deck was followed by searing flames which roared through many for- ward compartments. Then came at least one more explosion. Scores were trapped in sleeping quarters. Many suffocated. Many perished inr the flames. The disaster, one of the worst in peacetime U.S. naval history, (Continued on Page 19, Column 1.) CARRIER WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight and Friday. Occa- sional light rain tonight, ending early Friday. Continued cool ex- cept a little warmer tonight. Low tonight 54, high Friday 74. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 68; minimum, 49; noon, 56; precipitation, .61; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No, Centra! Observation) Max. temp 62 at p. m. Wed- nesday. Low 50 at a. m. to- day. 55 at noon. Balioon measured ceiling 900 feet with visibility 5 miles. Light rain showers and fog with wind from the east at 10 m.p.h. Barometer 29.82 falling, humidity 90 per cent and dew- point Si France Won't Aid During Parley Will Make Every Effort to Settle War in Indochina By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON an-French diplo- mats said today France will delay asking U.S. intervention in the Indochina war so long as cease- fire talks continue at Geneva. Rep. Javits leaving open the question of American in- tervention, said he is convinced that vigorous and swift action could save Southeast Asia. Javits is a member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, which yesterday heard Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, outline the Asian military situation in a three-hour secret briefing. Committee members were reluc- tant to discuss Radford's testi- mony. Some said it encouraged them. Javits declined also to comment on the meeting but said he was "convinced that an American for- eign policy of initiative and vigor, based on a regional organization, can save Southeast Asia and South Asia (India and He added, in an interview, "We have got to get on our horse and do it." Meanwhile, Britain was reported to have proposed that prospective military talks on Southeast Asia amqng'the Western Big Three, Aus- tralia and New Zealand should be held at the highest military that is, among the chiefs of staff of the five countries. Military representatives of Brit- ain, France, the United States and the two southwest Pacific nations are expected to meet here within the next two weeks. What they can accomplish in the absence of over- j all political decisions, however, is unclear. Obviously they can dis- cuss forces available for taking action if their governments decide on action. i One key to such a decision per- haps now the most important one, is a proposition from the French government for U.S. intervention. T.le American government has told the French governments in talks at Paris that such a proposal would be necessary as a basis for future American decisions, bearing in mind that this country would Chief Counsel Roy Cohn of the Senate Investigating Commit- tee holds a document which he said set off an investigation the Army, and which precipitated a wrangle between Cohn and Sen. McClellan today. Cohn said he wanted to consult with Sen. Mc- Carthy before giving the document to the subcommittee in public session. McClellan accused McCarthy of obtaining classified in- formation "through criminal means" and said both McCarthy and the donor are guilty of "a crime." (UP Telephoto) McCarthy 'Guilty of Senator Says WASHINGTON McClellan (D-Ark) publicly suggested today that Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and an Army officer who gave him classified information are "guilty of a crime." "You cannot receive classified information obtained by criminal means without being guilty of a McClellan told McCarthy. act only as one member of a coalition. American officials are convinced that the French government would rather have some kind of a cease- fire agreement at Geneva than initiate any move which would lead to intervention by the United States and its allies which would fully internationalize the Indochina Senate GOP Leaders Hope To Quit July! By JOE HALL WASHINGTON WV-Senate Re publican leaders today stuck b their predictions that Congress should adjourn by July 31 despite a large splash of Democratic cold water. Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas the Democratic leader, told news men after a meeting of the Demo- cratic Policy Committee yesterday that Congress would be lucky to go home by Aug. 15. But Republican Leader Knowl- and of California and Chairman Ferguson (Mich) of the GOP Policy Committee, said today in interviews they remained optimis- tic about the end-of-July target. "I have not changed my esti- mate at Knowland said. "As- suming we will receive a degree of cooperation (from the Demo- crats) on legislation yet to be acted upon, I don't see any reason why we can't meet it." There are in the Senate 47 Re- publicans, 47 Democrats, 1 Inde- 1 pendent and 1 vacancy. McCarthy retorted that if anyone wanted to indict him for getting information "exposing Communists let them go ahead." Offered Paper The exchange dealt with a docu- ment M cC a r t h y unsuccessfully sought to introduce earlier in the hearings, purporting to summarize an FBI report on subversive ac- tivities at Ft. Monmouth, N.J. Mc- Carthy said at the time he got the information from the Army officer but declined to name him. McClellan said he wasn't passing Chief Counsel For McCarthy Reviews Charges Schine Temporarily Freed by Army for Committee Sessions WASHINGTON UP) Roy M. Cohn today repeated under oath charges that Secretary Steveni and Army counselor John G. Adams tried to "discredit" the McCarthy subcommittee and block its probe of alleged Communism in the Army. Cohn, chief counsel for the Mc- Carthy subcommittee, was on the stand'in the 22nd day of the Army- McCarthy hearings as the first direct witness for the McCarthy side. Special counsel Ray H. Jenkins reviewed a charge that Stevens and Adams sought to bring about "a discontinuance" of the subcom- mittee's investigation of alleged subversion in the Army, particu- larly at the radar laboratories at Ft, Monmouth, N.J. Counter Charge "That is Cohn said. The McCarthy camp's allegations were made as a counter-charge to the Army's allegation that Sen. McCarthy and his aides brought improper pressures for favored treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, wealthy New Yorker and former consultant to the subcommittee. As the hearings convened today. Sen. Symington (D-Mo) served no- tice the Democrats will insist on testimony from Francis P. Carr, staff director of the McCarthy sub- committee, despite the Republican majority's decision to drop Carr as a principal in the controversy. Symington charged "whitewash" when the Republicans shoved aside Democratic protests and, by 4-3 vote, threw out the allegations that Carr engaged with Cohn and Mc- Carthy in seeking special privilege final judgment on whether a crime Schine. had been committed but had told Another 4-3 vote defeatetf'a- Atty. Gen. Brownell he ought to look into it. The senators got into the matter through a hassle over another document, produced by Cohn. It was described by Cohn as dealing Sen. John McClellan (D-Ark) is shown during the heated dis- cussion with witness Roy Cohn. (UP Telephoto) with Communist infiltration of the Army, and as having been in committee files since March 1953. McClellan said Democratic mem- bers of McCarthy's subcommittee lad never seen it, and protested against having to "sit here and meet with surprise after surprise" in the form of documents. He accused Cohn of reluctance to let any member the subcommittee but McCarthy know about docu- ments in the staff's possession. Sought List McClellan said he had been try- ing in vain for "weeks" to get rom McCarthy a list of the 133 lommunists McCarthy has said he las learned are employed in "de- ense plants" and whom he wants o investigate. McCarthy replied that he has The Viking XI single stage rocket soared from its launching stand at the proving ground at White Sands, N. M., Monday to a new record altitude of 158 miles above the earth. In establishing the record, the Viking reached a speed of miles per hour. (UP Telephoto) ieen too busy with current hear- ings. "If there is any information you vant, you will get it McCarthy said. "Except that in iew of the statement of one of my olleagues, that he would not hesi- tate to give out the names of con- fidential informants "Let's be specific, Me- Lellan shot back. McCarthy then said McClellan had been quoted in a newspaper interview as saying he felt there might have been a violation of law in the handling of the purported FBI summary. That touched off the exchange about it. In reply to a question, Cohn said the document he produced was pre- pared by Paul Crouch, "who was a Communist himself for a very long time" and Crouch is now a consultant for the U, S. immigra- tion and naturalization service. Cohn described the document as pstiraating the extent of Communist infiltration of the Army. tion by Sen. McClellan (D-Ark) to; call Carr instead of Cohn as the next witness. Today, Symington told the sub- committee it was "absolutely un- thinkable" that the hearings should conclude without hearing from Carr who purportedly signed a memorandum months ago charg- ing the Army was trying to "black- mail" the McCarthy subcommittee into dropping its investigation of Communists in the Army. Question on Perjury Symington said the subcommit- tee, in view of the contradictory nature of the charges, counter- charges and denials, will be faced ultimately with a need to deter- mine "whether perjury has been committed." He said "we (the Democrats) shall insist" on hearing all persons who might shed light on 'we reserve our rights to call ftese that Carr must 36 among them. Pvt. Schine, the central figure the case, today was temporarily free of military assignment and was under direction of the sub- committee. The change in Schine's status was announced by the Army which said it was done at the re- quest of special counsel Ray Jen- cin.s of the committee. Jenkins said he asked for it after Schine had complained that the curfew hour he had to observe at Ft. Myer, Va., interfered with his working with Sen. McCarthy in the case. Jenkins said today he intends to )ut Schine on as a witness "before he case Schine took the witness chair in connection with the "cropped" photograph of him and Secretary of the Army Stevens at McGuire Air Force Base, N. J., but he was not questioned about major charges in the inquiry. Wednesday's vote also dropped Asst. Secretary of Defense H. Struve Hensel as a principal. The McCarthy camp had charged Hen- sel "masterminded" the Army's charges. The Democrats protested it was improper to drop Hensel from the case before the McCarthy side had an opportunity to set out its case against him. Wife of Iron Range Acreage Owner Dies PASADENA, Calif. UP) The wife of Hulett Clinton Merritt, who once owned vast areas of Min- nesota's Mesabi Iron Range, died at her home Wednesday after a long illness. She was 80, The former Rosaline Ollivier, a native of Saginaw, Mich., married Merritt in Duluth in 1892, Merritt, 19 at the time, already had amassed a multi-million dollar fortune in Texas. The co.uple went to California in 1892 and" developed the Tagus Ranch, which in one year reportedly produced one-teiith of the world's peaches. Merritt is re'- puted to be one of the largest stockholders in the United Statei Steel Corp.
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