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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 25, 1954, Winona, Minnesota The Winona Daily News To Be Name of This Newspaper June 1 Effective Tuesday, June 1, the name of this newspaper will be changed to The Winona Daily sixth name the publication has held since its establishment in 1855. There will be no change in ownership or management. The name change is being made for the following reasons: 1. It has been apparent for some time that the name, "The Winona has been long and awk- ward to say, as is evidenced by the fact that many readers have called it "the "the Winona or "the Herald." The new name corrects this deficiency. 2. The words "Republican-Herald" do not describe the type of newspaper this is. "Daily News" indicates the activity and objective of the present the news on a daily basis. 3. Even though the word, has had no political significance as a part of the newspaper's name early in this century, there will always be doubt in the minds of some that this newspaper is truly independent as long as the word remains in the name. When The Republican started publication 99 years ago, one of its specific purposes was to support the newly-founded Republican party which was established primarily in opposi- tion to slavery. Nearly all newspapers in those days were engaged directly in politics, and the early journalists felt free to stats political opinions in their news columns as though they were facts. Their justification was that anyone could start an opposing newspaper for only a few hundred dollars, and most communities actually did have at least two papers which opposed each other politically. About the turn of the century and afterward, the greatly increased costs of newspaper production forced publica- tions all over the country to merge with the result that more and more com- munities found them- selves with only one newspaper. The emer- gence of one-newspa- per cities caused edi- tors to take a new look at the immense responsi- bility they had toward a public which could turn to only one news- paper for information. The result was the birth Names of This Newspaper Throughout the Years 1855 The Winona Republican 1859 The Wincm Daily Review 1859 The Winona Daily Repub- lican 1901 The Winona Republican and Herald 1905 The Winona Republican- Herald 1954 The Winona Daily News of politically independ- ent newspapers whose purpose was to present factual, un- biased reporting in the news columns, to relegate opinion to clearly-labeled editorials and to be free of any direct connec- tions with political aspirants or parties. As newspapers were bought out or merged with others, the names of political parties generally were dropped from the mastheads until now very few remain. When this news- paper changes its name Tuesday, only two daily newspapers in Minnesota and Wisconsin still will have political words in their Red Wing (Minn.) Republican-Eagle and The Portage (Wis.) Register-Democrat, In Winona the first independent newspaper was The Winona Independent, a morning publication, which was started by the late J. R. Watkins and which was subsequently continued by the late H. G. White and P. J. Rucker. In 1919 White and Rucker purchased The Republican- Herald, discontinuing The Independent, and while there are indications that The Republican-Herald had joined the inde- pendent movement some years before the sale, the two new owners made their intentions clear in the publisher's state- ment they made when they assumed control: "The Winona Republican-Herald will not be allied with any clique nor party. A newspaper is no longer, if successful, the personal organ of a political aspirant nor the party organ of a political faction. Neither is it founded for or conducted for the benefit of some interest which it is expected to serve or shield. It is a strictly business or professional undertaking, independent in politics and on social and economic questions, open to the free discussion of all issues, a medium for the use and benefit of all classes on equal terms. It is pub- lished for the good of the community, and places it- self at the disposal of public institutions and all worthy movements for the advancement of the people. "It is in the nature of a quasi-public utility, a sort of a trustee for the people in their collective capacity, touching government, civic morals, sociology and' all matters of publicity. This is the modern newspaper and it is the successful newspaper the country over, both in a public and a private sense. This is what The Winona Republican-Herald aspires to be. "Touching politics particularly, the assertion that The Republican-Herald shall be independent does not mean that it shall lack expression of opinion. If some action of the Democratic party, for instance, seems inimical to the public welfare, The Republican-Herald will feel free to print what its editor thinks, and the same will hold true of the Republican party. Likewise it will not fail to express its approval of good men and good measures on both sides." This statement clearly made the primary goal of the newspaper that of serving the public through impartial re- porting of local, state, national and world events of import- policy which has been continued since and which The Daily News regards as its chief objective. The Daily News considers its editorial page a vital part of the newspaper's makeup but of secondary importance to the presentation of the news.. The independent editorial policy set forth in the above statement will be continued and the new name implies no change. This newspaper, under its new name, re-dedicates itself to the statement made by White and Rucker in 1919 and goes one step further by removing a political word which has no significance as a part of its name. Tuesday will mark the second time in Winona history when the area has been served by a "Winona Daily News." The late Emil Leicht published an evening paper by that name in 1916. Fair, Cooler Tonight, Somewhat Warmer Wednesday Chiefs vs. Austin Gabrych Park 8 O'Clock Tonight NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 157 SIX CiNTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 25, 1954 TWENTY PAGES Haile Selassie, center, emperor of Ethiopia, arrived in New York, today, aboard the liner "United States" for his first visit to America. Accompanying the emperor are his youngest son Prince Sahle Haile Selassie, 23, left, and his granddaughter, Princess Selba Desta, 23, second from right. Richard Patterson, right, of the mayor's reception committee greets them. (UP Telephoto) Indochina Peace Talks Snarled Again By MAX HARRELSON GENEVA Indochina peace talks apparently were snarled today in questions of procedure. The nine-party conference meets in its sixth secret session to try to unravel the new tangle that developed at yesterday's meeting. Western diplomats, more than ever, expressed belief the Geneva conference had reached a decisive TODAY All-Out Drive on Missiles By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The highest Pentagon authorities are now seri- ously considering a new special project, comparable to the famous stage. With both the Indochinese and Korean negotiations bogged down, the West generally agreed this week or next would show def- initely whether there was any use for further talk. The latest hitch developed when Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov demanded the conference devote its efforts to general polit- ical problems of permanent peace. The Soviet diplomatic chief, who had presented a five-point program Friday for getting down to brass tacks on a cease-fire, said the mili- tary aspects of the question should 1 be handed over to the "two sides" and the Communist-led Amusement Park Employe Bagged Before High Jump ST. LOUIS 18-year-old amusement park attendant was trussed up in a fire department rescue bag and lowered 70 feet to the ground after threatening to jump from a thrill ride yesterday while thousands of schoolchildren watched. Police identified the youth as Robert George Adelsberger of sub- urban Jennings, an attendant at an "aeroplane swing." Adelsberger, who police said was a patient at a psychopathic hospital last January, climbed an iron ladder up the center pole of the swing to a small platform. Then, shouting that he was going to jump, he removed his shoes, wrapped his arms around one of the cross poles and dangled in the Freeborn County Votes Liquor in; Kandiyohi Dry By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Freeborn County today joined the wet column in Minnesota while voters in Kandiyohi County, dry for 40 years, were voting to keep it that way in special elections Monday. Unofficial and incomplete re- ams showed Freeborn voters fa- voring return of liquor sales, to The county has Deen dry since 1915. Albert Lea, :he county seat, went wet 2-1 and the wets came through with about a 6-5 edge in the various townships. The last time the issue was sub- mitted, in 1946, Freeborn voters balloted to to remain dry. Kandiyohi returns, complete but unofficial, showed a dry ballot of against for the wets. Willmar, the county seat, had voters favoring the status quo and unsuccessfully bal- loting for a change. Only Reigal, among the several villages voting, was recorded in the wet tabula- tion. Kandiyohi last had expressed it- self on the liquor question in 1933 when the vote was to against repeal of the prohibition amendment. Among Minnesota's 87 counties, only nine, including Kandiyohi, are now in the dry ranks. Others are Cottonwood, Grant, Isanti, Kittson, Lac qui Parle, Marshall, Pope and Roseau. Martin County, the last to desert the dry category before Freeborn's defection, voted last fall in favor of permitting establishment of municipal liquor stores. Councilman Can't Be on School Board ST. PAUL Atty. Gen. Burn- quiet held today that it is illegal for one person to be a member of the City Council and the School Board at the same time. Elmer R. Peterson, city attorney at Albert Lea, asked for a legal opinion. "It is clear that no officer should be serving as a member of your City Council where his duty as a representative of the city may McCarthy Blasts Charts on Schine Dulles Believes Reds Building Bastion Near Panama Canal Vietminh. Firemen manned life nets below I j as Jesse Reed, another park Manhattan District, to push guided Western delegates were caught j ploye, climbed to the platform, missile research and development I by surprise. They had believed the grabbed Adelsberger and hauled with maximum urgency. procedural problem settled, at School The idea is to tackle the prob-j least temporarily, since Molotov's lem of producing guided missiles, Friday proposals dealt solely with and especially guided missiles of military problems the inter continental range, in same all-out way that the Manhat- tan District tackled the problem of is a double argument for doing so. In the first place, missiles can now be designed around hydrogen warheads. With hydrogen war- heads, the as they are called, will not need to be so pre- cisely guided. This greatly dimin- French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault was reported ready to put on a settlement before a cease-fire is arranged. U. S. Under Secretary of State Walter Bedell Smith and British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden were ready to back him up. Unless either side gives ground, ishes the most serious difficulty of Ithis means all the apparent prog- ress of last Friday has been nul- lified. The program suggested by the Soviet foreign minister Friday called for an agenda based on the following points: a cease-fire, as- sembly zones for grouping oppos- ing army units, the question of for- eign reinforcements, supervision and control of the cease-fire, and j guarantees of any agreements reached. Some quarters here had interpreted the proposal as a "peace plan." The immediate problem was how to reach an agreement on proce- dure which would allow the con- ferees to get down to work on the problems of an Indochinese peace. the missile designers. Thus it brings much closer the grim day when continent can fire at contin- ent, and automatic death may come through the upper air from half-way round the world. Secondly, the Soviets also have hydrogen bombs; and there is very little doubt that the Soviet guided missile effort is more intensive, on a greater scale and therefore probably ahead of the American effort. The American missile effort, co- ordinated by K. T. Keller of the Chrysler Corporation, has been largely shrouded in official secrecy. But enough is known to make it quite clear that ours has never been an all-out effort. Responsibility is still divided Indochinese taks be among the services. Inter-service fecess tomorrow while the 19-na- competition shows up in such conference on Korea goes back forms as the Army's effort to pro- session to hear the United mote its anti-aircraft missile, the other nations comment on the latest proposals advanced (Continued on Page 2, Column 1} by South Korea and Communist ALSOPS China's Premier Chou En-lai. him back to the platform, where he was tied up arid lowered to the ground in a rescue bag. Police quoted Adelsberger as saying he had a dispute with his girl friend. Abandon Assessor Supervisor, State Asked by Officials MINNEAPOLIS UP) Minne- sota Assn. of Township Officials is on record for elimination of the state supervisor of local assessors, set up by the 1953 Legislature. The group, holding its 21st annual meeting here Monday, also called for substitution of a three-man commission for the present tax commissioner, with one of the three, by law, to be a farmer. In other resolutions, the officials voted against giving arrest power to state liquor agents and called for a distribution of motor vehicle fees and gasoline tax receipts that would give two-thirds to the trunk highway system and the balance to secondary routes, including town- ship roads. Re-elected president was Alvin Baudler, Austin, with R. P. Zwie- ner, Blooming Prairie, returned as secretary. Named directors were Henry Johnson, Milan; Edward Hanson, Sacred Heart; William Schiller, Albany; Peter Kinzer, Watkins; Louis Martin, Stockton, and Arthur Holm, Cokato. No Pay for Planning Commission, Ruling Says ST. PAUL UP) Members of the Hibbing Planning Commission may not be paid a salary, Atty, Gen. Burnquist said today. Burnquist said the duties of the commission are "purely advisory to the village council" and that it's illegal to compensate mem- bers. Arthur 0. Anselmo, Hibbing village attorney, asked for a legal opinion. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and -and cooler tonight. Fair and somewhat warmer Wednesday. Low tonight 52, high Wednesday 74. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 70; minimum, 49; noon, 65; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Max, temp. 68 at p. m. Monday. Low, 53 degrees at a. m. today. Noon temp. 62, skies clear, visibility over 15 miles, wind from the northwest at 3-miles-per-hour, barometer at 30.13 steady, hu- midity, 35 per cent. Nicaragua and Honduras Will Get U.S. Arms WASHINGTON o. State Dulles said today the Reds may have shipped arms to Guate mala in order to build up a Com- munist bastion near the Panama Canal. Dulles told a news conference that was one possible objective oi the arms shipment last week from Poland amounting to tons valued at 10 million dollars. He said this had made Guatemala the dominant military power in Cen- tral America. Dulles also declared: 1. The United States would sup- port an appeal to the United Na tions for the dispatch of a peace observation mission to Southeast Asia. Dulles also said that the prospects for some kind of United Nations action looked better now than they had recently. Clear to French 2. The United States government had made clear to the French in talks now under way the terms and conditions under which it would be possible to consider American intervention in the Indo- china war. The conditions include, he emphasized, approval by Con- gress and the creation of an anti- Communist coalition in Southeast Asia. 3, The United States is about to send a new note to Russia on President Eisenhower's proposal for an international atomic energy peace pool. Dulles said that con- sultations are going forward with allied countries on the note. Such countries in this case are primar- ily Britain and France. 4. Prime Minister Menderes of Turkey will visit the United States in the period June 1-4 to discuss economic and financial matters. Dulles discussed the Guatemalan and Indochinese situations in re- sponse to questions from reporters, after he had issued a statement noting that Guatemala is the only American nation to have received 'massive shipment" of arms from an Iron Curtain country. U. S. Sending Aid In a move to counter the Com- munist shipment of arms, the [United States is flying rifles, ma- chine guns and other light combat gear to friendly nations in Central America. The State Department an- nounced late yesterday that arms are being airlifted as "rapidly as possible" to Nicaragua and Hon- duras, Guatemala's neighbors to the south, Moscow radio immedi- ately called the action preparation for "an attack against Gua- temala." But Guatemala's foreign minis- ter, Guillermo Toriello, told news- men "We do not believe the arms shipment has anything to do with us." He pointedly sidestepped any mention of Nicaragua, which has recalled its envoy from Guatemala. But he said Honduras is a good friend. Kalervo Kallio, noted sculptor, put the finishing touches on the clay model of a bust of Albert Woolson, 107, Duluth, Minn., lone Union Army survivor. Kallio will use taconite for the final work. He chose taconite because the iron ore rock is symbolic of Minnesota. Kallio has his studio in Washington, D. C. (AP Wirephoto) Guatemala Rejects Demand From U.S. GUATEMALA (Si i justice" to justify the State De- as rejected as intervention in its partment demand "in favor of the "United Fruit Co. and the Guatem- nternal affairs a U. S. note de-j compensation for ex- ropriated United Fruit Co. prop- rty in this country. This position was outlined in a 'oreign Ministry memorandum re- lying to a State Department note elivered in February. The mem- randum was made public last ight. The U. S. note demanded pay- lent of 15 million dollars for the xpropriated property or submis- ion of the matter to international rbitration. Guatemala's reply as been no denial alan Agricultural Co. since they have had access to protection pro- vided law." under the new agrarian (The Guatemalan Agricul tural Co. is a United Fruit sub- sidiary.) The note said: "If the United States continues acting in support of the illegiti mate pritensions of these compan- ies, the government of Guatemala cannot but consider this attitude as a persistence in the interven- tion of the internal affairs of Guat- emala, contrary to the most firm- said "there I ly established principles of inter- or delay of I American unity." US. Blimp Aloft More Than Week KEY WEST, Fla. U. S. Navy blimp that stayed aloft for more than a week without refuel- ing to break the world's endurance record prepared to land today. The ZPG-2 airship of the Nan type with 14 men aboard was due to land at the Boca Chica Naval Air Station, nine miles north of Key West, about p.m. after approximately 200 hours in cruising in the Florida the air. It was Keys early today, in radio com- munication with the Navy base here, under clear skies with mod- erate winds prevailing. Cmdr. Marion H. Eppes of Pin- son, Ala., is in command, with a crew of 12 Navy men and a civ- ilian observer aboard. The ligher-than-air ship left Lakehurst, N. J., Naval Air Sta- tion at a.m. (EOT) Monday, May 17, to carry out a simulated anti-submarine patrol. It broke the old record of 170.3 hours while cruising over Miami yesterday. Eppes told newsmen by radio that all aboard had eaten and slept well, "but after a week we need baths." The 342-foot non-rigid airship covered more than miles on patrol over the Atlantic seaboard, the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico. A Navy spokesman said the blimp had been under way at all times and never "just hovered." "The blimp could wait for a sub- marine to surface it if took all the spokesman added. The old record of 170.3 hours was set in 1947 by an M-type air- ship, also out of Lakehurst. General Testifies Repeated Extra Leaves Asked WASHINGTON Gen. Cornelius E. Ryan testified today the McCarthy subcommittee staff repeatedly asked special leavei from Ft. Dix, N. J., for Pvt. G. David Schine but said he had no knowledge the requests were for any purpose other than subcom- mittee work. Ryan, commander of Ft. Dix, ?ave an account of the leaves with illustrations provided by two Army- jrepared charts which drew hot jlasts from Sen, McCarthy. McCarthy called the 'phony and dishonest' and "an attempt to deceive the American >eople." One of his objections was hat the charts depicted in large black squares the days Schine en- oyed pass privileges during his basic training, and in relatively unblemished white squares the )ass privileges of the "average" inductee. McCarthy tried to get Ryan to agree with him that the charts "dishonest" but the general old him: 'I don't see anything dishonest about them at all. I say hey reflect the truth and are not misleading or inaccurate." And, in another exchange, Ryan aid: "I don't think anything put mt by the Army is dishonest." In the course of his testimony Ryan said: Never Heard Request 1. He never heard Secretary of the Army Stevens ask Schine to pose with him for a photograph and was with Stevens every mo- ment of the time last November when the McCarthy camp contends Steven did make such a request. 2. There was no "preferential treatment" given Schine at Ft. Dix unless passes to leave camp for McCarthy subcommittee work was to be called preferential treatment. 3. He made available at Ft. Dix a conference room to be used by Schine and the McCarthy staff but the room used only once. 4. Schine made 250 long distance telephone calls during his eight weeks at Ft. Dix. Ryan said so far as he knew no other private "ever approached this record." But he said there was nothing wrong about a private making telephone calls if he had the time and the money to pay for them. Take. Stand 5. Schine, despite his leaves, completed his training course with a "superior" rating but was rated only "fair" on rating Ryan called "very low." 6. Members of the McCarthy staff called Ryan's headquarters 29 times about Schine during the eight weeks training period.' Ryan's aide, Lt. John Bruce Blount, took the stand to relate telephone calls with Roy M. Conn, chief counsel for the McCarthy sub- committee, about .Schine. He said Cohn was "extremely angry" over treatment of Schine at the fort and let him know about it "in no uncertain terms." Asked if Cohn used "abusive Blount said that was a very loose term and "no .swear words were used."
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