Friday, May 21, 1954

Winona Republican Herald

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 21, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy And Warmer Tonight And Saturday River Stage Noon Today 8.05, Thursday 8.55 NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 154 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 21, 1954 TWENTY-TWO PAGES B. W. Hailey, Atlantic Coast railway clerk, cleared hail off the passenger station walkway in Fayetteville, N. C., after an ice- laden storm struck the city early Thursday afternoon. No serious storm damage was re- ported. (AP Wirephoto) Indochina Parley At Critical Stage By MAX HARRELSON GENEVA Indochina conference returned to closed-door session today with the Western Powers determined to find out quickly whether there is any chance of an armistice. It is generally conceded that the conference has reached a crucial stage with both the West and the Communists refusing to give ground Mri. Edith Abber, 33, who allegedly has held various posts in the Communist party, smirks as she is taken into custody by the arm of the law in Boston today. She was one of six persons arrested on conspiracy warrants by police in a rapid roundup after a grand jury returned indict- ments against seven alleged Communists, (UP Telephoto) TODAY on basic issues. There were reports that British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden would fly to London Sunday to re- port personally to Prime Minister Churchill. Eden conferred yester- day with both Russia's Foreign Minister V. M. Molptov and Red China's Foreign Minister Chou En- lai. The primary purpose of Eden's talks was to break the procedural deadlock which developed Wednes- day over Red demands that the "resistance governments" of Laos and Cambodia be invited to Gen- eva. The West has opposed the de- mand. France labeled the purport- ed governments "phantom re- gimes" which exist only on paper. French sources said the Commu- nist leaders had agreed to drop their demands for the moment, but this left the two sides as far apart as ever on the question of getting the conflict stopped. The United States was under- stood to feel further talks are fu- tile, but the American delegation believes France should be the one to decide, when the time comes, to break off negotiations. The French are reluctant to break off talks until they have ex- lausted every possibility because of the difficult internal situation in France. Eden and French Foreign Min- ister Georges Bidault will be in Paris Saturday for the 50th an- niversary of the Entente Cordiale between Britain and France. Bid- ault undoubtedly will have an op- portunity to consult his colleagues on the problem before returning to Geneva. The French have insisted Indochina Issue Splits U.S., Britain By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON partner ship between Britain and America, armistice takes effect, which has been the core of free world strength through eight peri- lous years, is now far nearer the breaking point than most people suppose. This is no mere "slanging" match 1 between the irresponsible, like Bri- tain's Aneurin Bevan and our Sen. McCarthy. Extreme mutual bitter- ness now prevails in the highest and most responsible quarters in both London and Washington. Southeast Asia Alliance Without Britain Doubtful By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON HI The United States may run into difficulty in setting up a collective anti-Com- munist defense for Southeast Asia without Britain if in the show- down Britain refuses to go along. A sign of possible complication came from New Zealand's Foreign Minister T. Clifton Webb yesterday after an hour-long conference with Secretary of State Dulles and New Zealand's ambassador here, Leslie Knox Munro. "I can't conceive of a satisfac- tory alliance being made that didn't include Webb said, adding: "We can't see Britain not want- ing to be in. You are asking me to speculate on a situation which we don't believe will arise." Nothing of great importance, certainly nothing of a formal na- ture, is likely to happen on the coalition project until after the Australian elections May 28. At that time U.S. officials would like to move quickly, and extensive un- derstandings may by then have been reached by Ameripan and French officials now holding pre- liminary talks at Paris...; The British government has de- cided it will not make commit- ments of any kind on ttte Southeast Asia-Indochina situation-until after negotiations at Geneva Conclusive- ly show whether there is to be an end to the fighting. This country is unwilling to wait The U.S. not ne- cessarily aiming at tne start for a formal alliance, but rather a prac- tical kind of coalition which could be created more quickly. In the precise meaning of the words, American officials undoubtedly The French have insisted the American officials undoubtedly problem of Laos and Cambodia aSree wlth Webb that a was separate from that of Viet I alliance" with- Nam. The French plan to end the fighting calls for an immediate withdrawal of all Red forces from Laos and Cambodia and a cease- fire in Viet Nam. The Communists, on the other hand, not only are insisting on an armistice in all three Associated States but also for political settle- I ment on some issues before the U. S. Makes Bid For Broader Export Markets for Grain There has been nothing like it since the Anglo-American partner- ship was forged in the fires of war. The cause is the Indochina cri- sis. The issue, essentially, is wheth- er or not the free world can afford a vast Munich in the Far East. But in order to understand why the two leading Western govern- now nursing violent against each other, ments are grievances one must take the problem by stages. The first fault was undoubtedly American. The Eisenhower admin- istration waited far too long to face the facts in Indochina. Then, when the facts absolutely had to be fac- ed, Secretary of State Dulles took London and the other allied capi- tals completely by .surprise. The surprise was his speech calling for "united action" to save Indochina from Communism. The suddenness of our decision, the failure to consult about it, left the British naturally nervous and resentful. Nonetheless, the prospects were still not bad on April 10, when Sec- (Continued on Page 5, Column 3.) ALSOPS By OVID A. MARTIN WASHINGTON HP, The gov- ernment made a bid today for broadened export markets for live- stock feed grains in an effort to reduce its pile of farm surpluses. Corn, barley, oats and rye from government stocks will be offered for the time being to private ex- porters at prices ranging from 10 to 15 cents a bushel below do- mestic market prices. These dis- counts are designed to enable ex- porters to compete with grain being sold by other countries. The Agriculture Department, in announcing this program, placed no limitations on countries to which the grain could be sold. Mexico may buy considerable corn. The department previously had placed wheat, butter, cheese, dried milk, grain sorghums, cottonseed oil and flaxseed on a cut-rate basis for foreign buyers. Little American feed grain has been moving abroad because U.S. prices, propped up by government farm price support programs, arc- above world prices. The same situ- ation applied in the case of dairy products, wheat, and the other products being offered at reduced prices. out British participation would be very difficult to bring about in view of Britain's world position and special interests in Southeast Ash. President Eisenhower told a news conference Wednesday he thought a workable defense might be constructed -if New Zealand and Australia both members of the Farm Problem Top for New Irish Leader John A. Costello Expected to Be Premier June 2 By TOM OCHILTREE DUBLIN, Ireland of John A. Costello said today the coalition leader will give top pri- ority to improvement and mod- ernization of Irish agriculture when he takes over as premier. Costello's control of the govern- ment was assured last night when final returns from Tuesday's gen- eral elections gave the group of parties headed by him a majority in the new Dail Out- going Premier Eamon de Valera conceded that his Fianna Fail (Men of Destiny) party had been defeated and the opposition could form a new government. The Dail is scheduled to convene June 2 to launch the new regime. While plans for formation of the government still were in an early stage, a friend of Costello said the Fine Gael (United Ireland) party chief believes the future of Ireland lies in developing her only major million acres of arable land. Through the years this most es- sential element of Ireland's econ- omy has been neglected. The land now is being tilled only at 60 per cent capacity. American economic aid experts have urged the repub- lic to do something about it. With three seats still to be de- cided at a special election next ,week, Tuesday's voting gave the parties this representation in the 147-seat Dail: Fianna Coalition These in- cluded Fine Gael, 49; Labor, 18- Clann Na Talmhan 5; Clann Na Poblachta (Republi- 3. Fianna Fail suffered a net loss of only six seats, but it had held only a two-vote control in Parlia- ment. De Valera, 71 and nearly blind, has been a dominant figure in Irish politics for more than a score of years. In that time Costello has been the only man to beat him, and now Costello has done it twice. From 1948 to 1951, Costello was premier of a coalition government that eventually was ousted by the Fianna Fail. In conceding defeat, De Valera stated his party "faced the unpop- ularity of the measures necessary to set the country's finances right." 3 Indochina Forts Battle to Hold Off Reds HANOI, Indochina to) Three little defense posts in the south- eastern sector of the vital Red River Delta battled fiercely today to hold off encircling Vietminh forces as the defenders of Dien Bien Phu tried to do. French Union aircraft para- chuted ammunition, guns, and food to Vietnamese defenders with French noncommissioned officers I in the posts of Yen Phu, Anxa, I and coquan, jAir Academy Democrats Want Calls Made Public No Bad Reactions, Deaths Reported in Polio Vaccine Test CHICAGO a single case of serious reaction or death has been reported from among more than of the nation's school children given inoculations of the Salk polio vaccine. Dr. Robert.F. Korns, a member of the national polio vaccine eval- uation team, made the first official report on the mass experiment Thursday to the annual convention of the Illinois State Medical So- ciety. At the same time, Dr. Hart E. Van Riper, medical director of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, said in New York that the first phase of the nationwide polio tests is completed and is a success. He said children in 44 states have now received the first of a series of three injections. Murder Charge Filed in Old Ax-Fire Slayings FRANKFURT, Germany Murder charges in the ax-and-fire slaying of three American officers ,n Germany eight years ago were "iled here today against James M. Leech of Lima, Ohio, former U.S. Army captain. U.S. Dep. Dist. Atty. William Canfield said he was forwarding extradition papers seeking Leech's return to stand trial. Victims of the slaying were Maj. Everett S. Cofran, formerly of Washington, D.C., whose wife lives in Seattle, Wash.; Capt Adrian L. Wesiiler; of New RocheUe, N.Y., and 1st Lt. Stanley Rosewater, Omaha, Neb. Their charred bodies were found in Cofran's house on the banks of the Danube, in Passau, Jan. 7, 1946, The triple slaying was one of the most sensational in postwar Germany and lingered in police records as puzzling and unsolved. Leech, Cofran's deputy as town commander of Passau, was an early suspect in the case but was released. Canfield, of Hampden, Mass., William Cashore, 14, Center Square, Pa., got a kiss from his mother, Mrs. T. Cashore, after he won the 1954 National Spelling Bee in Washington Thursday. He won the title and a first prize over 56 other contestants. (UP Telephoto) Red China Has Jet Fleet Near Formosa By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON China's air command is reported to have concentrated a substantial force of jet fighters and light bombers along the mainland coast opposite Formosa, seat of Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist government. That buildup apparently has been made since the Korean War's end allowed diversion of air power from. Manchuria. The Red buildup in Chekiang province consists almost entirely of MIG15 fighters and IL28 twin- jet bombers, information reaching Washington indicates. Although the shift is receiving attention here, there was no indi- cation today that officials un- duly alarmed over prospects of an immediate move against Formosa. The redeployment appears to have been gradual, a part of a broader said two of the three victims had by fire. Canfield said the deaths of two of the men may have been a ghastly error on the part of the slayer. The two were overnight guests of Cofran and one was oc- cupying his bedroom when he was slain. Canfield recaOed what he eaid were the following facts in the in- vestigation which prompted him to push the charges: They have been under constant heavy mortar attack and machine- gun fire for nearly a fortnight. Twice Anxa has thrown back big T> u i -niiAa iiao LJUUVVll UdLR LUt; Bntish Commonwealth -and the Vietminh infantry assaults The de- proper Asian nations were willing fenders are outnumbered about to cooperate. This could be taken to mean that without New Zea- land's cooperation the project would not succeed. Webb, who leaves today, told newsmen that in general he felt there was "a substantial identity of views" between him and Dulles. to one. French fighters and bombers are heavily hitting the besieging Com- munist-led rebels. B26s have dropped scores of de- layed action bombs timed to ex- plode to kill rebels when they launch infantry assaults nightly. 'Best Kept Secret' WASHINGTON to) Just where the new Air Force Academy will be located "is the best kept secret since the atom Rep. Schafer (R-Mich) said Thursday. Schafer, a member of the House Armed Services Committee, said he believes Air Force Secretary Talbott's site selection commission already has made -its decision. "But I haven't the slightest idea what it is." French Move 159 Wounded From Dien Bien Phu HANOI, Indochina to) The French command says it has evac- uated 159 wounded from captured Dien Bien Phu and hopes to fly out 100 more today. Helicopters and Beaver aircraft were making the slow but steady shuttle from Dien Bien Phu to the royal Laotian capital of Luang Prabang, where the wounded are, relayed to Hanoi by Dakota trans- port. The evacuation was slowed down last night by violent monsoon rains which made flying impossi- 3le- for several hours. As a result only 50 were flown out Thursday instead of the scheduled 120. direct invasion attempts against A high command spokesman program which has sent even larg. er numbers of aircraft to fields in southern China, close to the Indo- china border. Sea, Air Aid Promised The United States still is holding fast to its policy of promising sea and air aid to head off any ..in- vasion attempt by the Reds against Formosa. Dispatches from the Far East report Red air sorties over islands off the China mainland which have been seized and held by amphibi- ous forces of Generalissimo Chiang with Nationalist planes challenging these Red air movements. But there has been nothing suggesting McCarthy Plans To Attend When Sessions Resume Blasts Ike's Order Making Reports Secret Formosa itself. said there still was no word about While Washington officials were j Dien Bien Phu's lone French air reluctant to discuss details of the j force nurse Miss Genevieve- policy for the Formosan-China Galard Terraube. He said all that mainland area, the indications are j was known of rebel plans to re- tbat strikes against the small off-1 lease the blue-eyed, 29-year-old Thii Mother Duck didn't need a traffic light to herd her ducklings across 3 busy street in Chi- cago today. The auto in the background stop- ped in time for her to take her brood to safety. UP Telephoto) shore islands currently held by Chiang's troops would not be con- sidered a reason for involving U.S ships or aircraft. Most of the is- land positions held by Nationalist troops now were taken after the United States enunciated its For- mosan protection policy in 1950, al the start of the Korean War. Fleet in Far East Former President Truman al ordered the 7th Fleet to stand guard against aggressive at- tack on Formosa by the Reds and at the same time to restrain Chiang's forces from operations against the mainland. When Presi dent Eisenhower took office, one of bis first acts was to strike out the second part of that order. He ordered that the "7th Fleet no longer be employed to shield Com- munist China." The 7th Fleet, at approximately the full strength of Korean War days, is still on station in the Far East, maintaining with part of its force patrol over the Korean Straits. The United States also has numerous planes within easy fly- ing distance of Formosa. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and warmer tonight and Saturday. Low tonight 56, high Saturday 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 76; minimum, 45; noon, 68; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 71 at p. m. Thursday. Low 60 at a. m. :oday. 67 at noon. Overcast at 000 feet, visibility 15 miles with wind to 12 m.p.h, from the south. Barometer 30.05 steady and humi- dity 34 per cent. nurse was the announcement to that effect by a Vietminh spokes- man in Geneva Wednesday. Newly arrived casualties from Dien Bien Phu said Miss De Gal- ard was "with our wounded work- ing day and night." Her friends in Hanoi believe the nurse will stay on until the last'of the wounded is evacuated. The Vietminh have indicated they will permit release of 753 altogether. French planes continued to ham- mer rebel concentrations and con- voys only 50 miles from the delta. The air strikes were concentrated on rebel units around Mocchau on provincial Route 41 along the Black River. Nine-Month-Old Susan Gay Morrow looks pretty pleased with her foam-rubber "crash helmet" devised by her mo- ther after the tot banged her head repeatedly in crawling about the house at Lancaster, Ohio. Susan is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Mor- row of Lancaster. (AP Wire- photo) By C. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON H) Democrats on the Senate Investigations Sub- committee took a stand today the public is entitled to hear anything "relevant" to the McCarthy-Army dispute in transcripts of monitored telephone calls. They put themselves on record with a stipulation sent to Acting Chairman Mimdt (R-SD) authoriz- ing use on that basis of any tran- scripts there may be of their own telephone talks. Their action came as the sub- committee staff prepared for re- opening of the hearings next Mon- day and Sen. McCarthy blasted at the Eisenhower administration's secrecy order as "taking the Fifth Amendment." Quelling speculation ,he might never go back to the hearings, Mc- Carthy said, "I'll be there Mon- day." The Wisconsin senator left open, however, how long he might re- main. And there were reports he might be trying to lay the basis to block any attempt to subpoena his accused staff aides as witr nesses if he and they decide they should not testify. McCarthy has repeatedly said during this week's recess that he didn't see how the hearings could go ahead if President Eisenhower kept in force his order banning testimony on talks among govern- ment officials about the Army'f differences with McCarthy. Fifth Amendment Talk Talking with newsmen, McCar- thy referred to this order as "tak- ing the Fifth constitutional provision invoked by many accused subversives when refusing to testify before the Mc- Carthy subcommittee. Under the provision, a witness may not be :ompelled to give incriminating :estimony against himself. McCarthy contends it is essential ;o his case to get testimony from government officials about their ,alks and the development of charges against him. "I don't see why the President should be afraid to let them tell he McCarthy said. McCarthy's stand led to specula- ion he might walk out on the hearings. He told reporters that while he would be there Monday "I make no promises" about how long he would stay. Sources close to the senator said he had told associates he now planned no walkout of his own but that his mind could be changed. Aski About The question of whether McCar- thy could block subpoenas to his staff aides turns about the status of the Senate Investigations Sub- committee as a subsidiary body to the government operations com- mittee, headed by McCarthy. McCarthy was reported to. have been inquiring of parliamentarians whether as chairman of the parent body he could squelch subpoenas issued by the subcommittee or its temporary chairman, Sen. Mundt It was a possibility which ap- parently had not occurred to some; members of the subcommittee. In an interview in- Memphis, Tenn., today, Sen. McCleUan (D-Ark) said McCarthy couldn't stop the hearings by refusing to appear. "He can take a walk and refusa to participate but the two members of his staff can be required to McClellan said. In the hearings the Senate Investigations Subcommittee is searching for the truth in miscon- duct charges top Pentagon offic- ials and McCarthy have flung at each other. Stepped Secretary of the Army Stevens and Army Counselor John G. Ad- ams have accused McCarthy and two subcommittee aides of using improper pressures in efforts to win favored Army treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a former member of the subcommittee staff. McCarthy and the two aides, Roy M. Cohn and Francis P. Carr, have countercharged that Stevens and Adams sought to use Schine as a "hostage" to get McCarthy to drop a search for Communism ia the Army. McCarthy has stepped aside tem- porarily as chairman of the sub- committee, but retains chairman- ship of its parent body, the Sen- ate Government Operations Com- mittee. The McCarthy camp let out word (Continued on Page 9, Column i.) HEARING