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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 20, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Fair and Warmer Toinight And Friday River Stage Noon Today 8.55 Wednesday 9.05 NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 153 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, MAY 20, 1954 TWENTY-FOUR PAOIS Doubt McCarthy Will Boycott Quiz British Out Of Alliance On Indochina Australia and New Zealand Likely to Join By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Any initial coalition formed to deal with the war in Indochina probably will be set up without the British, and of- ficials here fear this will impose new strains on American-British relations. U, S. authorities said today this government would not under any circumstances cease to hope and work for an active British role in the united front which President Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles are trying to create. But present British policy bars any commitments until the out- come of the Geneva conference on an Indochina armistice is known. That may be many weeks away. The United States, and appar- France and several other in- terested nations, are not willing to wait that long. If other problems can be solved, it is possible that some kind of informal coalition can be set up in the next three or four weeks. United Front Seen Eisenhower told a news confer- ence yesterday he thought that workable united front could be ar ranged provided the proper Asian nations and Australia and New Zealand would join. State, Department officials are confident those qualifications can be met, once various preliminary events are out of the way. One of these is the development of an understanding with the French as to the conditions under which the United States might in- tervene in the Indochina war as a member of an alliance. Another is the forthcoming election in Aus- tralia (May 28, American after which the Australian gov- ernment may quickly harden its own policy lines. Today, after his meeting with the National Security Council, Ei- senhower was due to receive New Zealand's foreign minister, T. Clifton Webb, on his way home from the Geneva conference, to- gether with Secretary of State Dulles and New Zeland's envoy Leslie Knox afforded the While The French stepped up air evacuation, long arrows, of their wounded from Dien Bien Phu to Hanoi by way of Luang Prabang, war planes struck at rebel troops along the strategic highway 41 French planes blasted Ccmmunist-led Vietminh convoys at Moc Chau and tore up the road between Tuan Giao and Son La, all underlined, to hinder rebels moving eastward from Dien Bien Phu toward the Red River Delta, shaded. Near Hanoi, the rebels captured a Vietnamese-manned post near Son Tay and clashed with French near Hai Duong, along the im- portant Haiphong-Hanoi rail supply route. (AP Wirephoto map) -Defenses Neglected On Pacific Islands By WILLIAM J. WAUGH PEARL HARBOR Pacific islands form America's here, Ambassador Munro. That conference President an opportunity to use a little personal diplomacy in behalf of the coalition project, to which New Zealand so far has appeared to give sympathetic interest. Action Needed One of the Indochina problems which worries U.S. policy makers and is at the root of American difficulties with Britain is the speed with which the enemy's mil- itary pressure in northern Viet Nam is developing. If the United States' purpose of creating an area of strength to offset the Commu- nist-led rebels' move toward Hanoi is to be effective, Dulles reported- ly believes they must be taken fairly fast. front-line defense against Communism in the Pacific today but the only guns you-find there are the rusted relics left by a beaten Japan. The reason is the old military dictum that the best defense is a good offense. Millions of dollars are being poured into key islands but it isn't being spent on shore defenses or combat troops. In nearly a month of travel from the Marshalls north to the Bonin Islands I didn't see one shore- based fighter plane or infantry unit. These islands once bristled with shore guns of an imperialistic Japan. America uses them today as military transport airports and Chiang Begins 2nd Term, Asks Anti-Red Pact TAIPEH, Formosa I.W Chiang Kai-shek began his second term as president of Nationalist China On Kwajalein, for instance, the today with a call for more military airstrip on the and moral support and a strong al-! liance of anti-Communist Asian I nations. I Inauguration day was a festive occasion on this Nationalist Island despite the threat of Communist air attack from the nearby Red- held mainland. Thousands of exploding fire- crackers provided a noisy back- ground as Chiang and Vice Presi- island is a major link in our route In event of war it and the strip on Roi Island, 60 miles to the north, could in a matter of days be operating bases for bomber and fighter craft. The only planes operating from I Kwajalein today are patrol craft. The only guns are small arms. j Guam, obviously the key island in the central Pacific defenses, has many shore guns but all rusting Irish Control From De Valera John Costello May Become New Premier Ireland W! A. Costello's coalition today tumbled Prime Minister Eamon de Valera from power by winning control of the Irish Dail Nearly complete tabulations of Tuesday's election results showed De Valera's Fianna Fail (Men of Destiny) party had lost any math- ematical chance of gaining a ma- jority in the 147-seat Dail, The latest standings showed De Valera's party had won 61 seats to 74 for the coalition. Four seats went to independents. Of the other eight seats, five remained to be counted and polling for three was put off until May 26, because of the death of candidates. Fianna Fail polled about 10 per cent fewer votes than it did in the last general election three years ago. Observers attributed this de- cline to a housewives' revolt against rising prices. The coalition parties split their seats as follows: Fine Gael (United Clann Na Tahlman (Farmers) 85. Clan Na Poblachta (Republicans) The independents are divided be- tween De Valera and Costello. Irish political leaders never con- cede an election till the last baUot is counted. It was evident from the gloom at Fianna Fail head- quarters, however, the decision had been reached and that De Valera, now 71 and nearly blind was out Shetsky Hearing On Theft Postponed _ TULSA, Okla. UP) The pre- liminary hearing scheduled today for Rubin Shetsky, acquitted four years ago on murder charge in Minnesota, has been postponed Firemen Battle A Blaze which destroyed the Blatchford Calf Meal Co. in Waukegan, 111., Wed- nesday. The estimated cost of the (UP Telephoto) fire was until June 1 because a Tulsa grand jury is now in session. Shetsky, acquitted in the 1945 slaying of Albert Schneider, Min- neapolis union organizer, is charged with second degree bur- glary and assault with intent to kill. He was arrested with two Omaha men last month after a running gunfight with Tulsa police following a robbery. Stassen Denies McCarthy Charge U. S. Aiding Reds By JACK BELL 'WASHINGTON (tf) Chairman Bridges (R-NH) said today the Senate Appropriations Committee of his record in recent hearings." McCarthy, in what he said was a "painful and unpleasant" dis- cussion of Republican "shortcom- will make a "searching inquiry" I called for the listing by into the extent to which free world allies have agreed to relax bans on trade with Red China. Bridges' plan for an investiga- tion of this issue came after Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) told the Senate yesterday it would be "criminal folly" not to cut off U. S. financial aid to nations which ship "the sinews of military and economic strength" to the Communists. McCarthy had barely finished his floor address before Foreign Aid Administrator Harold E. Stas- sen shot back with a statement that what the senator said was 'fantastic, unbelievable and un- grouna as umang ana vice Fresi- weapons put there by the Japanese dent Chen Cheng took the oath of I during World War II office in a city hall built during Only two of Guam's airfields- the Japanese occupation. In a brief inauguration address Chiang declared that his National- ist armies could recover the main- The United States has not yet jland of China if given a "reason- guaranteed any intervention in the war. Conditions which would have to be met first are congressional approval and the existence of a united front, perhaps even United Nations action. Even so, American diplomatic and military officials consider the need for some kind of outside action to be much more urgent than the British govern- ment obviously considers it to be. Lone Polio Case Reported in State ST. PAUL wi The Minnesota Health Department said today that only one case of polio was reported so far this month. None was re- ported in the last two weeks. Thirty-six cases, but no deaths, were reported so far this year. This compares with 31 cases and five deaths a year ago. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and warmer tonight and Friday. Low tonight 50, -high Friday 74. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68; minimum, 42; noon, 68; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. tempt. 67 at non today. Low, 46 degrees at a. m, today. Other noon 15 miles, thin scatered layer of clouds at feet, wind' calm, baro- meter at 30.14 faling, humidity 32 per cent. e amount of moral and ma- terial support from the free world and an adequate supply of the im- plements of war." He also called on all Asian na- tions facing a threat of Red in- vasion to "establish on the Com- munist periphery a strong collec- tive organization capable of col- lective Chiefs of all diplomatic missions here were in the audience. Also attending was U. S. Defense Sec retary Charles E. Wilson and top American military and diplomatic representatives in Taipeh. Conspicuously absent was the President's wife who is in a San Francisco hospital undergoing treatment for a skin disorder. St. Paul Banning Sale of Lewd Books to Minors I Anderson Air Force Base and Agana are operational. Orote, Northwest and Harmon fields have been_ abandoned but the strips are ed "phantom" regimes with no fol- lowing and no right to representa- Eden Seeks Answer To Parley Deadlock By MAX HARRELSON GENEVA Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden planned private talks with top Communist delegates today in another try to get the deadlocked Indochina conference moving. Formal negotia- tions were suspended for the day. The latest snarl was due to continued Red demands that the Com- munist "resistance governments" of Laos and Cambodia be invited to Geneva. The Western Big Three regard these as Communist-invent- usable. Supply and ammunition areas on Guam cover miles and miles. The island is capable of supplying and servicing all types of ships and aircraft. tion. Negotiations dragged to a com- plete standstill last night afte three long secret sessions between the nine participating delegations Stassen of "every type of material which we have agreed that our al- lies can ship to our enemies." Bridges said in an interview to- day that the appropriations group, which passes on foreign aid funds, "already has taken cognizance of Stassen's statements indicating a weakening of the ban on trade with the Reds." "We will want to go into this matter very thoroughly and see that the aid we are giving, or its equivalent, is not directly or in- directly filtering into Communist he said. Stassen's statement said a accounting of the administration's "successful administration of trade controls" was given in a report to Congress made public Sunday. In that report Stassen portrayed free world trade with the Commu- nist bloc as a whole as declining in 1953. While commerce with Red .China crept up at least temporar- ily, he said, "the glittering pros- pect of a vast and lucrative trade" which traders envisioned with the Chinese mainland "was not ma- terializing." Would Withhold Funds McCarthy told reporters his Sen- ate speech was no "one-shot af- fair" he intends to pursue the subject further. He said Congress should with- hold foreign aid funds until the administration enforces what he said would be a practical "block- ade" on the coast of China by telling American allies "they will not get one cent of American mon- ey so long as they either ship goods ;o Red China or allow their ships to be used to carry cargoes to Red A proposal by Eden for a The United States has day "cooling off" period was ac- cepted, and the talks were sus- true." Stassen, who has tangled with McCarthy before, said, "We are steadily building for peace under President Eisenhower's leader- ship." And in an obvious reference to McCarthy's televised tangle with Army officials, Stassen de- clared, "Sen. McCarthy is fran- tically reaching for diversionary headlines after the- sorry spectacle ST. PAUL city council The St. Paul today gave final approval to an ordinance banning sale or distribution of obscene and lewd literature and comic books to minors. The new ordinance goes into effect 30 days after its publication on Saturday. It make's it a misdemeanor for any person to "wilfully sell or dis- tribute commercially for sale to any minor any book, pamphlet, magaine or other printed matter, specifically including comic books, which exploit sex or other subjects of an indecent character which for a minor is obscene, lewd, lascivi- ous, filthy, indecent or disgusting." Penalty is a fine or 90 days in ie workhouse. I After This Serious dinner conversation in Washington, Sen. Alexander Wiley, right, Wisconsin Republican, made a speech, and in the middle of that talk, Dr. Alfred Chocano, left, acting head of Guatemala's embassy, walked out. his speech, Sen. Wiley sharply criticized shipment to Guatemala of arms from Com- munist-dominated Poland. As the senator spoke of "grim impli- Chocano strode out of feie banquet room. The dinner was held to honor Latin American diplomats and was given by the District of Columbia Bar Association. (AP Wirephoto) pended until tomorrow afternoon. During the layoff in formal talks, the Western Big to find a solu- tion in conferences with Soviet For- eign Minister V. M. Molotov and Communist Chinese Premier-For- eign Minister Chou En-lai. barred its traders from shipping to the Chinese Communists. In response to a question by Sen Chavez McCarthy said it was "correct" 'hat he was criticiz- ing policies of the GOP administra- tion. He said Eisenhower had "taken many steps in the right direction" but hadn't gone far enough. When the Cambodia-Laos issue "Kt be first threatened to stall the con- ference 10 days ago, Molotov agreed in a private talk with Eden to get on with the negotiations without acting on the Red demands to invite the resistance groups, The Vietminh Communist lead- ers raised the question again this week. Western delegates, anxious to get the discussions back to ways of ending the fighting in Indochina, flatly refused the renewed Red pronosal. Conference sources said Molotov also expressed hope yesterday the delegates could soon get down to a study of the actual drafts of armistice proposals, particularly Jieir military aspects, imit discussion to key points at Jie opening of the secret sessions. 3idault, however, touched off the controversy over Laos and Cam- bodia by demanding that Commu- nist forces be withdrawn at once rom the two Indochinese king- doms. A major provision of the French ilan for ending hostilities in Indo- china is that the problem of Laos and Cambodia be completely sep- arated from the proposed armis- ice in Viet Nam. The Communist plan, on the oth- er hand, calls for an armistice for ,11 three states to take place after lolitical agreements have been cached. Molotov has declared this Ian must be taken as a basis for eace negotiations. ant to discuss the shortcomings o, one's own he said, "bu as long as I am in the Senate I'm never going to refrain .froir exposing what is wrong merely be- cause it might be in my party.' He said that while he disagreed with some policies, he had sup- ported Eisenhower in 1952 and would do so "if he were running now, because I think his batting average is high." "I am painfully aware very painfully the facts that today's suggestions for a general plan of action by the United States in the Far East will be hailed by some as 'an attack upon the Ei- senhower Mc- Carthy said. "However, with the world going up in flames and our civilization facing the imminent threat of fur- ther Communist enslavement, every senator and every congress- man has a duty to add whatever contribution he may that if all suggested courses of action are freely discussed and carefully considered we may ar- rive at the proper solution." Beer Tax Revenue Dips ST. PAUL C. Erieson, state liquor control commissioner, announced today that Minnesota taxes amounted to as com- pared with for the same month a year ago. i A Sacred Consistory Of 100 cardinals, archbishops and bishops unanimously approved the elevation to sainthood of the late Pope Pius X, above, and five other beatifieds of the Roman Catholic Church' at Vatican City today. Pope Pius XII presided over the cere- mony in the Consistorial Hall of the Apostolic Palace of the Vatican. (UP Telephoto) Last St. Paul Jail Escapee Caught In Albuquerque ST. PAUL Wl The finale was written today to the March 28 break from the Ramsey County jail here after the capture of -Arland Gerberding, the fifth escapee, at Albuquerque, N.M. on Wednesday. Gerberding, 33, had boasted he never would be taken alive. But despite the fact he was armed, D A. Bryce, FBI agent in charge at Albuquerque, said Gerberding sur- rendered without resistance. He was captured at a riding stable there. Gerberding, of Madelia, pleaded innocent to charges of aid- ing the escape of federal prisoners and auto theft after the jail break upon his arraignment immediately after the arrest. He faces a pre- liminary hearing within the next 10 days. Score cards on the other four es- capees read like this: Murl R. Jarvis, 29, Richmond, [nd., is awaiting federal sentence for robbing the First National Bank at Cannon Falls, Minn, and faces further charges growing out of his )art in the break. He also is wanted in Iowa for bank robbery. Terrance Rex Farrell, 21, pau- >hin, Man., waived extradition Wednesday after his capture at Wichita, Kan. and was being re- .urned here under armed guard. He was first held as one of the wo "trenchcoat bandits" who staged a series of robberies in the ?win Cities. Donald J. Mathews, 31, St. Paul, already under a state sentence of up to 80 years for first degree obbery and jailbreak, still has to ace federal court Solons Ponder Complaint on 'Stacked Deck' Hearings Set To Be Resumed Next Monday WASHINGTON UP) Sen. Mundt (R-SD) voiced a "guess" today that Sen. McCarthy will not boycott re- sumption of the McCarthy-Army bearings now scheduled for Mon- day. Mundt had just come from closed-door talk with McCarthy, but he said this had not been dis- cussed between them. McCarthy himself has left in doubt what course he might follow. He contends his side faces a "stacked deck" situation because of President Eisenhower's ban on testimony from government offi- cials about confidential talks with- in the administration on the Mc- Carthy-Army row. Mundt said he plans now to go ihead Monday with hearings and that "I wouldn't anticipate any more recesses" as long as the cur- rent week's one. Expected Monday A reporter asked Mundt about [peculation that McCarthy might refuse to participate in the re- sumption. "Do you expect McCarthy will be there the reporter asked. "If I were going to guess, I'd guess Mundt said, but em- ihasized he was not basing that in any commitment from McCar- thy. McCarthy himself told reporter! after the talk with Mundt that he till is "at a loss" about his next move. McCarthy calls the presi- lential order a "gag." Sen. Potter (R-Mich) said he mows of no way McCarthy could je forced to take the witness stand in the investigation if the senator should decide to walk out. Potter and several other mem- bers of the Senate subcommittee expressed belief a major obstacle to continuance of the hearings had been removed- by a statement from Secretary of the Army Stevens shouldering full re- sponsibility for Army charges against the Wisconsin senator. This followed President refusal to modify an executive or- der against some testimony. McCarthy's complaint about con- tinuing the televised hearings with a "stacked deck" prompted specu- lation in Congress that he might decline to testify personally and call for what he has characterized as a directed verdict in his favor. McCarthy told newsmen he i> "at a loss on just what to do." Closed Door Meeting The subcommittee scheduled a closed-door meeting this afternoon. McCarthy said he wil1 attend if le's invited. He normally heads the group, but has stepped off for the duration of this inquiry. If he does attend the meeting, McCarthy said, he does not plan to ask then for a "directed ver- dict." He said that from his viewpoint 'the all-important thing is the mo- started this, who is re- sponsible for the Army charges." Potter said in an interview: "If the McCarthy side says it has disproved the Army's case and proved its own charges through sross-examination and can't go on, n the face of the President's order, I don't know how the committee :ould force them to." Any such action by McCarthy (would be in the face of Eisen- hower's call yesterday for testi- mony from all the principals "Let the chips fall where they may" and demands of Demo- cratic subcommittee members that all principals be; heard in public sessions. The White House gave added emphasis to the President's news conference remarks by permit- ting direct quotation of much that he had to say. Ike Astonished The President said he was "as- tonished" by talk that bis injunc- tion against certain testimony would be used as an excuse for calling off the hearings, and he added: 'Far from me trying to get any investigation off the track, I was merely trying to keep it on the rails." He again said he hopes the learings will be completed quickly jecause they are diverting atten- tion from more important matters. Stevens and Army Counselor John G. Adams have accused Mc- Carthy and two aides, Roy M. :ohn and Francis P. Carr, of >ringing improper pressure on Army for favored treatment for a 'ormer associate, Pvt. G. David Ichine. McCarthy responded with charges that Stevens and Adams used Schine as a "hostage" in an attempt to shut off an investiga- tion of alleged Communists in the Army.
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