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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 19, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Cold Tonight; Warmer On Thursday River Stage Noon Today 9.05 Tuesday 9.50 NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 152 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 19, 1954 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Won't Relax Secrecy Order France and U.S. Push Defense Plan for Asia Won't Wait for British Approval, Reports Indicate By MAX HARKELSON GENEVA France and the United States were reported push- ing plans today for a Southeast Asia defense pact, without waiting for Britain to approve, as the con- ference deadlock on Indochina tightened another notch, A source close to French For- eign Minister Georges Bidauit said secret French-American talks which have been going on in Wash- ington, Paris and Geneva the past few days would continue regard- less of how the Geneva parley pro- gressed. Here in Geneva, the nine-nation Indochina peace talks were report- ed stalemated over Western de- mands that Communist forces withdraw immediately from Laos and Cambodia. One Western in- formant said no progress had been made on this or any other points since the closed-door sessions be- gan two days ago. Another secret session on Indo- china was scheduled today.' In- formed sources said a fourth, may be held tomorrow, but that the thorny problem then probably would be laid aside until next week. In view of this stalemate, a French source said, France and the United States had agreed to go ahead with plans for an Asian I By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP defense pact without awaiting A U. S. 280-mm Atomic Cannon is cradled in a British-type LCU as it is ferried across the Rhine River at Germershein in Germany in a test opera- tion. Six of the Army's 30 atomic cannons were ferried across the river in a'maneuver carried out by the U. S, Navy's Rhine River patrol to show the weapons can be ferried by river craft in the event bridges are blown up, (AP Wirephoto) TODAY Informer Will Be Checked British approval. The British con- tend such negotiations should await the outcome of the Geneva conference. The French oppose the delay. They fear the Communists may try to keep the conference en- meshed in endless debate .while the Vietminh build up strength to mount a massive attack on the strategic Red River delta. When that happens, France wants to have her allies ready to fight with- out delay. Britain reportedly has. agreed, however, to open military staff con- ferences soon on Southeast Asia with the United States, France and other Allied nations interested in Southeast Asia. They include Au- stralia, New Zealand, Thailand and the Philippines. Western diplomats said Ameri- can plans to form a united front against Communism in Southeast Asia are progressing nicely. French Premier Joseph Laniel has been conferring with U. S. Ambassador C. Douglas Dillon in Pans. Laniel is expected to pre- sent a concrete proposition for American intervention in Indochina a.s a basis for further considera- tion by American leaders. The wrangle over withdrawal of troops from Laos and Cambodia delayed detailed discussions on the other major French demand, with- drawal of all troops in Viet Nam to zones to be agreed on at Gen- eva. Bidauit insists that Laos and Cambodia must be considered sep- arately. He contends a civil war exists in Viet Nam. but that the other two Indochina states have been invaded by the Communist- led Vietminh. Gener- al Herbert Brownell has decided to investigate the case of Paul Crouch for possible perjury, and also to determine the suitability of Crouch for future use as a govern- ment informer and government witness. The decision is doubly import- ant. Crouch is significant in him- self, as one of the government's leading ex-Communist informers and most widely used witnesses in proceedings against Communists. And the investigation of Crouch will be the first serious investi- gation, so far as -is known, of any member of this new group that has come to play a considerable part in American national life, Attorney General Brownell an- nounced his intention to investi- gate the Crouch case in response Only 29% of Eligible Vote in Pennsylvania PHILADELPHIA Organization-backed Republicans and Dem- ocrats scored comparatively easy primary victories in Pennsylvania yesterday with only slightly more than 29 per cent of the state's five million eligible voters going to the polls. It was one of the lightest statewide vote turnouts in Pennsylvania in recent years. Court to Hear New Segregation Pleas Oct. 12 District of Columbia Accepts Ruling as Law By PAUL M. YOST WASHINGTON Supreme Court is making plans to hear ar- guments on Oct. earliest possible the form of final decrees to carry out its decision ending segregation of Negroes and whites in public schools. Court Clerk Harold B. Willey said today he hopes the arguments can be completed in one day. The nine justices will then weigh the matter in closed conference before issuing the decrees, perhaps short- ly after the arguments, possibly months later. The court, after ruling Monday that segregation of public school pupils because of race violates the Constitution, permitted delay in the final decrees to give officials in the 17 Southern and Border states af- fected time to work out plans for segregation. District of Columbia officials an- nounced yesterday they planned to integrate schools" by the opening, of the new fall term. President Eisenhower was quoted as express- ing an interest and asking to be kept informed on progress. Nothing in the court's opinion prevents such steps to end segrega- tion immediately. Directly involved in the cases on the court docket, besides the District of Columbia, are South Carolina, Virginia, Delaware and Kansas. Other states which require The nominees to succeed Gov. John S. Fine are Republican Lloyd i oru Permit segregation in public TIT J _______i. nt________ 11 i_- _c KP Finnic P Q trt f ilii r.n W3ging battl6S H. Wood, 56, present lieutenant governor and "harmony" choice of the GOP leadership, and Demo- cratic State Sen. George M. Lead- er, 36, nominee of the party's state policy committee. Riding to victory with Wood on the GOP slate were candidates for lieutenant governor, secretary of internal affairs and three posts on the State Superior Court. There was no opposition to Democratic party endorsed candidates for these offices. Under the Pennsylvania -Consti- tution governors can not succeed themselves. Also nominated were candidates for 30 congressional seats, 210 State House of Representatives' chairs and half of the 50-member state Senate. Twenty-eight con- gressmen were renominated. Only Republican Louis Graham and Democrat Augustine Kelley about Crouch's performance in U.! S. vs. Kuzma et This is the! _The campaign and balloting Smith Act trial of "a number of 1 sharply contrasted with four years ago when the Republicans en- lesser Communist leaders that is now going on in Philadelphia be- fore Federal Judge J, Cullen Ganey. Crouch was the leading U. S. government witness in the open- ing stages of this case. While on the stand, he testified with great particularity about the activities of one of the defendants, David Davis, a member of the National Committee of the Communist Party who was formerly active in the Young Communist League. Worked Together in Party In all, Crouch made no less than 29 separate statements of fact about Davis, saying he had seen him at Communist meetings, heard Slim make reports, watched him take notes in committees, joined ivilh him in planning Communist in- filtration of the armed forces, and other things of like nature. There was no claim of friend- j ship between Crouch and Davis, But Crouch painted a clear pic- ture of himself and David Davis working together in the Commun- ist Party over a period extending from 1928 through the mid-1930s. Numerous contacts with Davis were described by Crouch, and an occasional detail was given that brought the story to life. Here, for example, is a fragment of the Q-and-A concerning a meeting to gaged in a knock-down, drag-out fight in which Fine and U. S. Sen, James H. Duff won the GOP nom- inations to their present posts, and apparent control of the state party machinery, from candidates backed by National Committeeman G. Mason Owlett. Since then Duff and Fine have cooled in their re- lations. Picked as Wood's running mates yesterday were Atty. Gen. Frank F. Truscott for lieutenant gover- nor; Mrs. Gaynelle M. Dixon for secretary of internal'affairs; and John T. Bell, George M. Griffith and incumbent Robert E. Wood- side for Superior Court. Guatemala Envoy Walks Out on Washington Fete WASHINGTON chief diplomat here stalked out an inter-American "harmony" meeting last night as Sen. Wiley (R-Wis) spoke of the "ominous ar- rival" in Guatemala of "a tremen- dous shipment of arms" from Communist Poland. Wiley, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, was chief speaker at a dinner in hon- or of Latin-American and he used the occasion cuss a State Department an- nouncement that a Swedish ship schools were asked to file "friend of the court" briefs by Oct. 1. The only state to hint at open defiance was Georgia. Atty. Gen. Eugene Cook said he would refuse to take part in the October hear- ings. Gov. Herman Talmadge, backing Cook, called the hearing an invitation "to help select a knife to cut our heads off." While disappointment was voiced elsewhere in the South at the de- cision, most officials felt the prob- lem could be worked out if ap- proached gradually and reason- ably. One issue awaiting the October hearings is whether integration should be ordered immediately or gradually. Some court observers said it was most likely that the Supreme Court itself would issue detailed decrees where necessary, rather than ask- ing the aid of special' masters or of lower federal courts. This would speed up the final step. Observers said a state which fails by October to report steps on could be or- dered forthwith to admit Negroes to any its schools. President Eisenhower And Army Secretary Robert Stevens shook hands at National Airport in Washington Tuesday upon their return from a flight to Charlotte, N. C., where the Chief Ex- ecutive Stevens sitting close America is "still proud of our armed services" from the civilian chiefs on down to the enlisted men. The reference to civilian leaders seemed to indicate the President's continued support of his Army secre- tary in his dispute with Sen. Joseph McCarthy. (AP Wirephoto) Red Dictatorship In A mencas reare Feared WASHINGTON Eisenhower, commenting on ship- ment of arms from Red Poland to Guatemala, said today it would be a terrible thing if a Communist dictatorship were established on this continent. Eisenhower made the statement at a news conference. The President was questioned with relation to the State Depart- ment announcement Monday night that quantities of arms have been shipped to that Central America j------------------------------------------- country from the port of Stettin in Communist Poland. Eisenhower called that disturb- ing, and added that the situation iighlighted the reasons why an anti-Communist resolution recently was adopted at the Inter-American Conference in Caracas. Other Subjects On other subjects the President had this to say. a response to a question, the President said he has r.ot the slightest advice for the j ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia UP) South on how to carry out the Emperor Haile Selassie said as Supreme Court decision holding! time for his departure for the Haile Selassie Wants to Meet Great Americans By FRED ZUSY diplomats Iaus Dy uctooer ion to dis- toward integrati was unloading at a Guatemalan Several methods of the port arms which it reportedly had' taken on at Stettin in Poland. The senator did not name Guate- mala, but it was clear he was talking about tha_t Central Amer- ican nation, which he has de- ation ban were suggested I yesterday by attorneys. Negro parents could go into low- er federal courts and sue for dam- ages from school officials who re- fuse to permit their children io enter white schools. The Supreme that segregation of whites and Negroes in public schools is un- constitutional. TVA said his choice of a chairman for the Tennessee Valley Authority board of directors will be announced just as soon as he finds a man who is completely non-political, profes- sionally qualified, one who agrees with him on the philosophy of gov- ernment and whose integrity is beyond reproach. Southeast said De to form a Everybody, said Wiley, is "keen-1 be subjected to criminal ly aware of the grim implications" i prosecution for denial of civil of the news about the arms ship-1 under tne Federal Civil ment, which he said may be "a i Rights Act. part of the master plan world Communism.' At that point in the speech, Dr. I Alfredo Chocano, acting head of as Leader's running mates con- tractor Roy M. Furman for lieu- tenant governor; Democratic State Secretary Genevieve Blatt for sec- retary of internal affairs; and in- cumbents Chester M. Rhodes, F. Clair Ross and Woodside for Su- perior Court. The vote for governor: Republican: In of pre- cincts, Wood, Thomas S, Stephenson, Gordon F. Chamberlain, Democrat: In of pre- cincts, Leader, Wm. D. McClelland, Charles J. walked to where W. Cameron Bur- ton, president of the host district of Columbia Bar Assn., was seated near the s p e a k e r's rostrum, thanked Burton for the invitation and said he had to leave. Julian Steele, 47, West New- bury, Mass., farmer and social worker, has been nominated moderator of the Massachu- setts Congregational Christian Conference. The nomination to the highest post in the confer- ence is tantamount to election. He is the first Negro in 155 years to be placed in nomina- tion before the conference. (AP Wirephoto) discuss Communist infiltration of Scnmitt' the Army. i The total registration this year "Question: Was Mr. Davis pres- was with Republicans ent? holding a 3-2 edge. There are registered Republicans and Honw I Democrats. "Question: All right. "Continued answer by Crouch: The discussion was on the steps to carry out these decisions (about the infiltration and the defendant Davis spoke on the prac- tical question of numbers who could be sent in to join the armed forces in New York, and the number of girls; (he) discussed a number of names in both could be most Mary Hemoff, Shavolson, a Sylvia Da- niels among the names I recall now." Thomas D. McBride, Philadel- phia's leading criminal lawyer, heads this legal group, which is (Continued on Page 9, Column 1) ALSOPS Hospital Contract Let WASHINGTON an The Gunnar Johnson and Son Co., Minneapolis, has been awarded a con- tract for alterations at the veterans hospital at St. Cloud, Minn., the Veterans Administration announced Tuesday. united front against Communism in Southeast Asia without the parr ticipation of Britain. Asked wheth- er the United States would act without Britain, he replied that it depended on the attitude of the proper Asiatic nations and Aus- tralia and New Zealand. Atomic Energy was asked about reports that there had been a breakdown in negotiations with Russia on creation of an atomic pool for peaceful purposes as he proposed last Dec. S, The United States neared that he would like to see the tombs of Amer- ica's leaders, meet great living Americans, see U. S. military Asks Senate Investigation Be Continued Stevens Denies Higher-Lips Gave Orders to Army WASHINGTON Wl President Eisenhower today called for McCarthy-Army hearings to con- the chips fall where they may. And, in quick team play, Secre- tary of the Army Stevens declared that at no time did higher-ups in the administration give orders to the Army in the issue over which the hearings were sus- pended for a week last Monday. Eisenhower and Stevens joined in a maneuver obviously aimed at seeing that the onus is not laid on the administration if the hear- ings are not resumed, and further to cut the ground from under the contention by Sen. McCarthy that a presidential secrecy order makes it impossible to get the full truth. But McCarthy indicated he still feels that if the presidential order stands there should be a quick end to the Senate inquiry into the dis- pute between him and the Other Development! These were the developments in their order: 1. Eisenhower told a news con- ference the hearings should not end inconclusively and without the public's getting all the facts. He said he has no intention of with- drawing his secrecy order regard- ing an administration conference of last January, and was aston- ished it was being used as a reason or excuse for suspension of the hearings. 2. McCarthy said in a statement: "If the senators maintain the posi- tion which they took in executive session, and it's on the record, that this means we can't get all the truth, then the (presidential) order will have the effect of getting us back to the all-important work of getting Communists out of de- fense plants and the government. "While I don't like the method used, I can't help but applaud the results." Asked what he would do if the senators decide to continue the hearings, McCarthy said: "We will cross that bridge when we come to it." 3. Stevens issued his statement at the Pentagon, starting: "I wish to make it perfectly plain that the decisions and the acts on the part bases and visit a typical American (of the Army concerning the con- family. troversy presently being heard by And it appears the diminutive the Senate subcommittee were the ruler of this central African nation j decisions and the acts of the De- of 15 million, who claims direct i partment of the Army alone." descent from King Solomon and Stevens went on to repeat his the Queen of Sheba, will have charges that McCarthy and his these wishes granted. I aides brought improper pressures The 62-year-old proWestern mon-1 for preferential Army treatment of arch was scheduled to leave his I Pvt. G. David Schine, drafted for- dusty capital today for the first leg of a journey which will take him to the United States by ship. He is due-in New York May 27. He will visit President Eisenhower in Washington and then tour the country. The Emperor is expected to an- nounce formally in Washington an agreement granting the United States the right to establish mili- tary bases in his country. The State Department is arrang- ing for the dark, bearded man who calls himself "King of Kings" and "Conquering Lion of Judah" to President said he is studying just vislt a typical American family as hard as he can to find Minnesota, home state of the way the United States can s- ambassador to Ethiopia, Jo- ahead in some enlightened way >seP" Simonson Expenditure for Air Raid Sirens Approved ST. PAUL (R The state ex- ecutive council today approved ex- penditure of for installation of air raid warning sirens in St. Paul, Robbinsdale and Blooming- ton. Funds have been appropriated by the Legislature for civil defense purposes, but council approval is necessary under the law. The fed- eral government matches amounts provided by the state and the cities. Of the total, St. Paul will re- ceive of state funds; Rob- binsdale and Blooming- ton Engineers And Mechanics put powerful jet engines of Boeing airplane company's new Stratojet, a jet tanker-transport prototype, through their first test at Jhe .firm's Renton plant on Lake Wash- ington near Seattle Monday. The huge plane, first of its kind in the nation, is scheduled for test flights later this month. Boeing said it will cruise at 550 miles an hour. Note jet thrust blowing on the (AP Wirephoto) without, as he put it, waiting for the rest. Atomic Energy It was announced in the United States last night that he would I stop June 9 at the farm of Mr. j and Mrs. Edwin Doty south of senhower said he has the utmost j Rochester. Minn. The Dotys raise faith in Lewis L, Strauss as chair-1 cattle man of the Atomic Energy Com- missip.n. He added that if he were certain he always would have a man like Strauss as chairman, he would be in favor of giving him plenty of authority. His questioner on that matter said there is a move on in Con- gress to make the AEC chairman in effect the head man of the five- member agency. said he had been very pleased to learn that the Senate Banking Commit- tee had voted, as he put it, to restore his housing program. He apparently was referring to the committee's restoration of a pro- vision authorizing the public hous- ing program features of his pro- posal in that general field. The provision submitted by the admin- istration had been knocked out in the House. Coffee vs. for a current campaign to have Americans .drink more milk, the President was asked whether he would favor less coffee and more milk. With a laugh he replied he didn't know about drinking less coffee because so many people enjoyed it but he certainly favors consuming more milk. That, he said with a grin, would help solve one of the gov- ernment's problems. mer consultant to the McCarthy subcommittee. Cited for He named McCarthy, Roy M. Colin, chief counsel to the McCar- thy subcommittee, and Francis P. Carr, staff director of the subcom- mittee. Then Stevens added: "I am convinced that the Army had no other honorable course than to bring those acts which I consider improper to the attention of the United States Senate, "No meeting or conference in- fluenced my decision When the hearings were re- cessed, Acting Chairman Mundt (R-SD) was given the assignment of determining whether Eisenhow- er would relax or interpret his order barring testimony about the Jan. 21 conference. With that in mind, Mundt and special counsel Ray H. Jenkins made a luncheon engagement to- day with Atty. Gen, Brownell. Travels With Stevens Eisenhower asked Stevens to travel with him to North Carolina yesterday and, on their parting at ;he airport on their return, gave REA Approves Loan To Benson Phone Co-op WASHINGTON UP) -An REA loan of has been ap- proved for improvement of the Benson, Federated Tele- phone Cooperative's service in Pope, Big Stone, Swift and Stev- ens counties. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and continued cold tonight. Thursday fair and warmer. Low tonight 45, high Thursday 68. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 68; minimum, 43; noon, 59; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at (No. Central Observation) Max. temp. 66 at p.m. Tues- day, low 46 at a.m. today. Moon temp. 57, Skies clear, visi- bility 15 miles with wind from north at 12 mph. Barometer 30.15 steady and humidity 32 per cent. Mundt and the subcommittee's special counsel, Ray H. Jenkins, planned to meet with Brownell during the day to seek modifica- tion of the President's order, which McCarthy said lowered an "iron curtain" against efforts to prove motives for what he terms "smear" charges against him. Stevens has accused McCarthy and two aides, Roy M. Conn and Francis P. Carr, of exerting im- proper pressure in efforts to get favored Army treatment for a for- mer subcommittee consultant, Pvt. G. David Schine. McCarthy fired back that Stev- ens and Army Counselor John G. Adams had tried to use Schine as a "hostage" in attempts to halt an investigation by his inquiry sub- committee into alleged Commu- nists in the Army. McCarthy hat stepped off the subcommittee while the charges are being heard. John Adams testified that Sher- man Adams suggested at the Jan- uary conference that he put in writing his complaints about the Schine
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