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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 17, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Continued Cool Tonight And Tuesday River Stage Noon Today 10.00, Sunday 10.50 NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 150 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 17, 1954 TWENTY PAGES Ike Prohibits Report to Senators Court Outlaws Segregation in Schools This Was A General View of the flooded area in Saugus, Mass., Sunday after a storm dropped 5.54 inches of rain in 12 hours. This rainfall brought the total for the month of May up over nine inches which is a new record for this month. (AP Wirephoto) Loss in Millions In Peabody Flood By JAMES CALOGERO PEABODY, Mass. industrial city of counted loss of millions today as it cleared debris and fought a health menac in the wake of a flash flood caused by a dam burst. Mayor Philip C. O'Donnell said the flood waters which raced int the heart of the city last night caused what may result in th i "heaviest property damage of an nonfatal dfeaster" in the city's 300 year history. As digging out operations got un Cder way, state and local health off cials Joined to combat the heart OllRreSS problem. The city's nine schools, wit children, were ordered closet for the day. All restaurants an food stores were earmarked fo close inspections. Citywide wate tests were scheduled. Polic equipped with loud-speaking sys TODAY May Get War Plea tems cruised the streets warnin residents to boil all water used fo. By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOPJ drinking or cooking. WASHINGTON public con- fusion about American policy is so great that hardly anyone seems to have noticed we are a long step nearer to intervention in the Indo- Chinese war. What has happened sounds innoc- uous. On Wednesday of last week, Ambassador Henri Bonnet inform- ed the State Department that the French government would now like to discuss "internationalizing" the war. For practical purposes, that means the French now want to find out whether the United States will enter the war, and on what terms. This is a wholly new develop- ment. In the last desperate weeks, the French have twice asked what may be called one-shot in- terventions, in the form of Ameri- can air strikes to relieve Dien Bien Phu. These two requests were jected, although the .second would have been granted if the British had gone along. What is now under discussion is no one-shot intervention, but fall- scale, permanent American in volvement in the war. Further- more, the discussion is anything but academic. Policy Not Changed Over a month ago, the National Security Council took a firm de- cision to enter the Indochinese war if this were necessary to save Indochina from Communism. American policy, although falsely attacked as inconsistent, has not changed since then. Unless there is The Health Menace health menace was in loss of will, only must be met for a last minute two conditions the Eisenhower administration to make a final commitment to France. First, steps must be taken to still the cry that this is a colonial war. The French have in fact now made a grant of substantive independ- ence to the Indochinese peoples. The need here is to find a way to emphasize and indeed dramatize this grant of independence, with- out offending French opinion. Second, there must be "united action." Secretary of State John Foster Dulles began to call for (Continued on Page 8, Column 5.y ALSO PS creased, officials said, by the mix ture of chemicals from leathe: tanneries and other industria plants with the flood waters. Hun dreds of gallons of gasoline1 also flowed freely as some .service sta tion pumps toppled. The water surged downhill into the central business area of Pea body Square after two one-ton granite blocks of a dam gave way at a pond called The Flume about a mile away. "It looked like the Mississippi River flowing witnesses on rooftops said. Water up to six feet tieep flooded scores of buildings, including 75 factories, all the city's main City Hall, police and fire headquarters and the historic 150- year-old South Congregational Church. Mayor O'Donnell said some leather workers face an indefinite layoff because of dam- age to tanneries. Police from .several communi- ties, auxiliary police, firefighters, Civil Defense personnel and some 150 Coast Guardsmen joined in i cue and excavation operations. 50 Families Moved Some 50 families were evacuated from their homes by police and Coast Guardsmen using an amphib- ious "duck" and smaller craft. The only casualty reported was an eld- erly woman who twisted her ankle, but at least two othe_r persons were rescued from drowning in the rush- ing waters. Some sightseers clogged roads leading to the city, one of the world's largest leather-manu- facturing centers. The city is about 15 miles northeast of Boston. In all, some two square miles were inundated, but only about half the area was covered with water measurable in feet. The dam gave way under pres- sure of water accumulated during two weeks of an almost steady rain in New England. The total rainfall in Boston for the month is 10.53 inches, far surpassing the weather bureau record of 6.31 inch- es in 1901. The water began to recede about six hours after the dam burst, flowing to adjoining Salem, into the North River and out to Salem harbor. Ike Roams Around Farm At Gettysburg By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON UP) -Watching President Eisenhower roam around his Gettysburg farm, you get the impression he might be somewhat more interested in re- tiring there than he is in a second White House term. It's nothing more than an im- pression and you could be dead wrong. The President himself never has given any public inkling as to whether he will seek re-election in 1956; Several of his close asso- ciates say they don't know, and they speculate that he probably hasn't made up his mind. They say the world situation and the political circumstances at the :ime undoubtedly will influence his decision. That and the fact he would be just a couple months short of 70 years old at the end of a second term. But when you see him these days at his 189-acre farm on the historic ivil War battlefield at Gettys- >urg, Pa., you can't help but feel .hat is where he would like to be to stay, just as soon as possible. The spacious new home the 'resident and Mrs. Eisenhower are having built there has a lot o do with the impression you get. They visited it over the weekend and spent more than an hour iroudly showing it off to the Presi- lent's youngest brother, Dr. Milton Eisenhower, and his wife. The place in the rolling. Penn- ivlvania hills will be ready for oc- :upancy by fall. It will be the first ipme of their own they have had ince their marriage nearly 40 ears ago. "Let's go look at my said the President enthusiastically as e led his brother into the now oughed-out room which eventual y will be his den and office. And Mrs. Eisenhower remarked nth a laugh to her sister-in-law s they wandered through the six edrqoms on the second floor: "Did you ever know a woman had enough WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and ontinued cool tonight and Tues- ay. Low tonight 42, high Tuesday 2. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 ours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 82; minimum, 55; oon, 67; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 ours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 69; minimum, 46; oon, 62; precipitation, none; sun ets tonight at sun rises to- lorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) High temperature last 24 hours 30 p. m. Sunday 68, low 48 at 30 a. m. today, noon 62. There as a scattered layer of clouds feet, the wind from the northwest at six miles per hour, visibility 15 miles. The barometer was steady at 30.08 and humidity 41 per cent. French Charge Reds Delaying Evacuation Work Threaten to Bomb Highway Unless Airport Is Repaired By LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina W) The French announced today they would resume bombing of the Communist-led Vietminh's 70-mile 'hospital corridor" unless the rebels agreed to repair the Dien Bien Phu airstrip so evacuation of French Union wounded can be speeded up. A French high command broad- cast 'to Communist Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap gave the rebel com- mander until midnight to accept the ultimatum. Otherwise, the French said, they would resume all-out air attacks on the rebels streaming eastward from the fallen fortress toward the vital Red River Delta. Only 11 o.f the French casualties have been evacuated. The Viet- minh had agreed to let 753 "seri- ously wounded" go but the French said they refused to repair the fall- en fortress' two wrecked airstrips so larger planes could land and speed up the operation. Stopped Bombing Road In exchange for removal of their own wounded, the French had stopped bombing the 70-mile road between Dien Bien Phu and Son La so that Communist Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap could transport his own casualties from the battlefield 1 he conquered May 7. But Giap, the French charged, was using the road to transfer ar- tillery, antiaircraft guns, other war material and combat troops along with the wounded toward the delta. The command in Hanoi fears that vital area and Hanoi will be the target for another ma- jor rebel offensive, perhaps in June. The French estimated it would take at least a month to move out the 753 "seriously wounded" by helicopter and small single-engine planes, the only aircraft that now can land at Dien Bien Phu. The French figured Giap during that time could move his entire battle- tested force from Dien Bien Phu unmolested, a price the French military judged too high to pay. Estimates of the total French Union wounded captured at Dien Bien Phu range between and Reliable sources in Saigon said the French had demanded they be allowed to set up controls on the Dien Bien Phu-Son La highway to prevent movement of other than rebel wounded, but Giap refused, No Natives Freed The French had charged earlier that Giap had refused to release any Vietnamese wounded along with the other French Union troops, though Soviet Foreign Min- ister V. M. Molotov had agreed specifically to this in Geneva. The French feared the Red rebel leaders were holding on to their countrymen in an effort to indoc- trinate them with Communism. Edith Maria Binde, above, 20, who once escaped from the zone in Germany with her family, will graduate from the University of Illinois at Ur- bana in August after only one year in college. Miss Binde, who entered the university in September 1953, has been se- lected as one of the six campus beauties by the Illio, the uni- versity annual. (AP Wirephoto) Success Story: Power Solves Weighty Problem COURTLAND, Minn. Ufi Will power, and nothing more, enabled Lillian Ginkel to lose 255 pounds in 19 months. The 31-year-old Courtland wo- man weighed 485 pounds before she began cutting down on her food intake. She has reduced to 230 pounds and plans to shed an- other 50 pounds or so. She used no gimmicks, no pills, no drugs, no medicines, no strenu- ous exercise, no machines. She didn't even use a scale to check her daily weight changes. All Miss Ginkel did was cut down her food to 800 calories or less per day. She makes sure it contains lots of bulky food and non-fattening vegetables. And she never fails to have a complete monthly physical check- up by her doctor. "With every pound I lose, I feel better and Miss Ginkel says. At birth, Lillian weighed but 6Vi pounds. Obesity didn't "run in the but by the time she was 16 months old Lillian was nearly twice the average weight of a child- that age. While she doesn't feel that she was Lillian recalls that her parents never denied her any thing. There was always plenty o: food and Lillian always ate plenty of it. The pounds mountee and mounted. Lillian originally rationalized her weight problem by blaming it on supposed glandular disorder. A visit with her doctor and a seven week stay at the University of Minnesota Hospitals, Minneapolis showed her that wasn't the ease, By Limiting Her Food to 800 calories per day, Lillian Ginkel has reduced from 485 to 230 pounds. The "before" picture was taken outside her comfortable home at Courtland, Minn., while the "after" shot shows the will power expert at her dining table. She spends considerably less time at the table now than she did before starting the diet. (Associated Press photo) High Tribunal Unanimous in Historic Decision Ruling Will Abolish Existing Systems in Some Southern States WASHINGTON i-W-The Supreme Court today unanimously struck down segregation in the nation's public schools. The tribunal said that to separate Negro and white pupils violates the constitutional guarantee of equal protection of the laws. Chief Justice Warren read the court's opinion which declared: "We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of separate but equal (sic) has no place. Separate educational facili- ties are inherently unequal. "Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs (Negro parents) and oth- er similarly situated for whom the action has been brought are, by reason of the segregation com- plained of, deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed jy ths 14th Amendment. Discussion Unnecessary "This disposition makes unneces- sary any discussion whether sue segregation also violates the du process clause of the 14th Ament ment." The 14th Amendment was adop' ed after the Civil War, primanl for the benefit of slaves freed b President Lincoln. It says no stat may deny any person due proces and equal protection of the law nor abridge their privileges or ira munities. The cases decided the court's finding that segrega tion is five states: South Carolina, Virginia, Kansas Delaware and the District Of Co lumbia. But lawyers said a ruling agains segregation would affect a tota of 17 states which have laws re quiring separation of the races ir schools, plus three other state, having laws which di not 17 States Affected The court was told the 17 state; and the District of Columbia ha< 70 per cent of the nation's Negro population, or Negroes out of a total. States with permissive segregation had an ad ditional one per cent. States whose laws require seg regation were listed for the cour as Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Lou isiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Mis souri, North Carolina, Oklahoma South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas Virginia and West Virginia. States with permissive segrega- tion were listed as New Mexico: Wyoming and Kansas. In an apparent effort to pre- clude any advance leak of today's historic ruling, the court took the action unprecedented in recenl withholding printed cop- ies of the decision until it had been read in full from the bench. 5-Year Term, Fine Given Cosfello NEW YORK Ufi Racketeer Frank Costello was sentenced to- day to five years in prison for federal income tax evasion and fined He was sentenced by Federal Judge John F. X. McGohey short- ly before noon after the govern- ment had described Costelo as "the symbol of the successful racketeer." Costello, who could have re- ceived up to 15 years' imprison- ment, also was assessed the cost of the trial, Costello, 63, whose hoarse voice oecame familiar to millions during HS televised testimony before the Senate's Crime Investigating Cbm- nittee, has been in jail twice be- fore: 10 months on a gun charge 39 years ago, and 14 months for contempt of the Senate committee in 1952-53. A native Italian who came to he United States at the age of 14, his woes include a pending de- portation action. Last Thursday he was convicted on three counts of having evaded payment of in federal in- come taxes from 1947 through 1949. White House press secretary James Hagerty today read to re- porters from a copy of a letter from President Eisenhower to De- fense Sec. Charles E. Wilson ordering government employes not to tell Army-McCarthy investigators anything about purely within the executive branch of the government. (UP Tele- photo) President's Order Goes to Wilson BULLETIN WASHINGTON Sen. Mondt (R-SD) said today the SenaU Investigations Subcommittee has agreed to recess its hearings on the McCarthy-Army row while it Itekj interpretation of House order restricting testimony by government officials. Ke told newsmen the members were not agreed as to whether the hearings should be suspended for two or a week or some other period. WASHINGTON future of the McCarthy-Army hearings was thrown in doubt today by a presidential by Sen. McCarthy as an "Iron off inquiry into whether "higher-ups" directed the Army's charges against the senator. The Senate Investigations Subcommittee recessed its public hearings at a.m. (CST) to consider in closed session what stand it might take on Eisenhow- er's order. McCarthy, claiming that "this cover up" made it impossible to get at the truth, declined to say, when asked by reporters, whether he might walk out on the hearings if the subcommittee accepts the order. Newsmen asked McCarthy after the morning hearing whether he would go on with the investigation, or walk out, if the subcommittee accepted the White House stand. He replied that he would have nothing to say about that now. McCarthy also told reporters that he would be at the closed subcommittee meeting. Chairman Mundt (R-SD) said the session would be limited to members of the subcommittee and its special counsel. Mundt said it might call in McCarthy or other principals or their counsel to question them, however. McCarthy is the regular chair- man of the committee but has stepped off for the current hear- ings. The President's order was laid )efore the subcommittee when it convened, and received a calm reception at the time. But later, Sen. Jackson CD- McClellan (D-Ark) and "ymington fired a. few critical at it. McCarthy asked for a five- minute recess to confer with his aides, Roy M. Cohn and Francis Carr, about their course in- the ight of what he termed this "al- most unbelievable situation." Returning, he told the subcom- mittee: "1 must admit I'm at omewhat of a loss as to what to do at this moment." "For some fantastically strange said and done at the Jan. 21 meet- ing. They deal not only with "this occupant of the White House" but whether future occupants "can by an executive order keep the from the American Mc- Carthy said. Army counsellor John Adams, who disclosed last Wednesday that there was a Jan. 21 conference of top officials at the Justice De- partment about the McCarthy- Army row, was back in the wit- ness chair. Last Friday, he had declined to give further details about the Jan- uary conference, explaining was under orders from "the execu- tive department" not to discuss it. He was instructed Friday to prepared this morning to tell who issued those orders. But before' the hearings con- vened, the White House made pub- lic a letter from the President to the secretary of defense barring government officials from telling the Senate investigators about their private conversations on the McCarthy-Army row, or giving docu- giving them confidential ments relating to it. The President based his stand on the constitutional separation of powers of the legislative and ex- ecutive branches of the govern- ment, He said the principle must be upheld "regardless of who would be benefitexi." McCarthy's argument was that the disclosure of the Jan. 21 con- ference raised a question whether Secretary of the Army Stevens and John Adams were "free agents" In bringing what he termed the "smear" charge that he and aides sought preferential Army treatment for Pvt. Scbine, drafted he said-, "the Iron Cur- ain is pulled down" forbidding estimony concerning what was former consultant to the McCarthy aid or done at a meeting last subcommittee. anuary attended by Atty. Gen. The President put his directive Jrownell, top White House Aide in a letter to Secretary of De- he'rman Adams, and others'. McCarthy said: "The American people will not tand for a cover up half way hrough these hearings." McCarthy described the Jan. 21 leeting barges as the one at which the Army has fired at im of "improper" pressures to et favored treatment for Pvt. G. 'avid Schine, "were instigated nd He said he didn't believe Ei- enhower was really responsible or the order cutting off possible estimony from government of- cials about this meeting. "I don't think his judgment is hat McCarthy declared. He feels sure, McCarthy added, mt Eisenhower would not have sued it "if he knew what it was about.1 McCarthy said the questions aised by the White House direc- ve "go far beyond" what was fense Wilson. The key paragraph said: "Because it is essential to ef- ficient and effective administra- tion that employes of the execu- tive branch be in a position to be completely candid in advising with each other on official matters, and because it is not in the public interest that any of their sations or communications or any documents or reproductions, con- cerning such advice be disclosed, you will instruct employes of yonr department that in all of their jfp- pearances before the subcommit- tee of the Senate Committee on Government Operations regarding the inquiry now before it, they are not to testify to any such conver- sations or communications or to produce any such documents or reproductions. "This principle must be main- tained regardless of who would be benefited by such disclosures."
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