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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 14, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Thundershdwers Late Tonight Or Early Saturday River Stage Noon Today 11.75 Thursday 12.40 NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 148 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 14, 1954 TWENTY PAGES INDQCHINA-m Shaded Area Of Indochina map approximates the rich Red River delta (1) which the French fear may be the next Communist- led Vietminh target now that Dien Bien Phu has fallen. Rebel" troops which took part in the siege of the fallen fortress were reported moving (arrow) toward the western edge (2) of the delta area. A French military team is scheduled to fly to Dien Bien Phu (3) to negotiate for the evacuation of seriously wounded casualties from the fort. (AP Wirephoto Map) H-Bornb Tests Over for Year By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON The United States has fired a final hydrogen explosion in the 1954 test series at the mid-Pacific proving ground. A joint Atomic Energy Commission-Defense Department announce- ment said last night the series had been completed and "the tests were successful in the development of thermonuclear weapons." j "there" Tnic mnon liL-a lontTMnero I n J Laniel Given 2-Vote Margin Of Confidence Close Test Indicates Government May Fall After Parley By HARVEY HUDSON PARIS Joseph Lan- iel and his top military advisers faced up to major questions on Indochina policy today, supported jnly by a two-vote majority in the National Assembly which indicated prompt ousting of the government as soon as the Geneva conference ends. The 289-287 margin by which ,aniel won an Assembly vote of confidence last night showed clear- y the deputies would have booted the Cabinet out had they not feared a government crisis would suspend he Geneva talks with the Commu- nists on Indochina and Korea. It appeared that only a major victory over the Communist-led 'ietminh the conference able in Switzerland or on the attlefield in Indochina could ave Lnniel once the Geneva talks i mad? against him. Results of the Army Balks at Giving Secret Talks Report Second AEC Adviser Reported Challenged On Security Grounds WASHINGTON Atomic Energy Commission today had "no comment" on a published report that "a second important adviser (to the AEC) has been challenged on .security grounds." Recently, Dr. J. Robert Oppen. heimer, a key scientist in the Atomic Energy program from the outset, was challenged by the AEC on security grounds and given a hearing to answer allegations ere over. Neither victory was ex jected. The major item on the govern- ment's schedule today was a meet- ng of the Committee on National Defense, made up of top military nd civilian of f i c i a 1 s. Laniel arned the Assembly the commit- ie would have to consider the making of important decisions. Laniel gave the Assembly no int of the nature of these, but nformed sources said later they nvolved proposals to send draftees o Indochina and. possibly to ex- end the 18-month conscription per- >d for certain categories. Up to now, no conscripts have een sent to Indochina in the hearing have not yet been dis- closed. Bidault Outlines French Stand Otlndo Peace By MAX HARRELSON GENEVA Foreign Minister Georges Bidault planned TODAY Ike Won't Appease McCarthy ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON The McCar- thy-Army hearings shock President Eisenhower as they shock most Americans, but the hearings are continuing today by the President's personal decision, The question whether to ac- cept Sen. Dirksen's scheme to cur tail the hearings, and so save Sen, McCarthy from further exposure, A great many Republican senators beseiged the President with pleas to give the order for the cover-up. If the President had lifted a fin- ger, Secretary of the Army Stev- ens, would have obeyed, and the cover-up would have been on. Eisenhower had already assured the Defense Department and Sec. Stevens of his full backing. He re- jected the senatorial pleas. Stevens rejected the Dirksen cover-up scheme. So the hearings have gone on. Changing Approach The incident is important in it- self. It is more important still as a symbol of President Eisenhow- er's changing approach to political problems. The real test of this new approach will be the fall cam- paign. Concerning Eisenhower's ideas about the campaign two things can now be said with great munist-led rebels. Any decision to _.. i send them there would certainly This was much like language rajse a nowi throughout war-weary :ofl nf tho onH nf rmmnnnc TT In theory the government has the right to send conscripts to any noncombat Saigon, for ex- ample, but not to Hanoi. Draftees sent to noncombat zones could free i to confidence. First Eisenhower used at the end of previous test series and, like the previous an nouncements, it did not specify how many bombs had been set off. However, three previous ex- plosions had been announced a mighty blast on March 1, another explosion 26 days later and a third on April 6 leaving open to specu- lation whether one or more than one detonation occurred after that time. End of Series "Thermonuclear" is the scien- tist's term indicating a hydrogen explosion. Announcement of the end of the series, which drew foreign protests because radioactive particles showered well outside the test same day conference area, came on the a five- power that proposals for an Indochina armistice today after his government's tight squeeze past its second crisis since the Geneva conference began. Bidault was slated to lead off debate before today's closed ses- sion of the nine-delegation Indo- china conference. Firtt 16 of the gravely wounded French Union soldiers who fell at Dien Bien Phu were flown from the shambles of the fortress to free- dom today. They were the vanguard of 540 Franco- Viet Nam soldiers so gravely wounded in the seige of the fallen bastion that the Reds agreed to permit the French to use helicopters to e- vacuate them to hospitals in Hanoi. Here, a Red Cross helicopter hovers overhead to pick up wounded. (UP Telephoto) tw iiuiih.uiii va v L.UU1U J.1 CC ire j professional troops for the fightine I Inlorraea sources said he would repiy to a series of questions put before .the conference Wednesday by British Foreign Secretary An- thony Eden in an attempt to have the various proposals clarified. Eden particularly sought the op- posing views on France's propo- sals for regrouping of all troops in areas of Indochina to be agreed on, withdrawal of Vietminh forces from Laos and Cambodia, and dis- arming of irregulars. Eden's key question I opened in London, aimed at end- ing the arms race and outlawing nuclear weapon warfare. There was some speculation of a connection between the timing of yesterday's announcement, contin- uing protests abroad and the Lon- don conference. The joint announcement by Atomic Energy Commission Chair- man Lewis Strauss and Secretary of Defense Wilson said of the 1954 j Dien fronts. But in reality no government could risk such a move without consul ting Parliament, where many deputies are more interested in peace than in continuation of the unpopular Indochina war. Laniel told the Assembly that more troops, parachutists, bomb- ers and tanks were being sent to Indochina and that two cruisers have been dispatched to the Gulf of Tonkin. Observers in Paris considered that the thinness of the Assembly's i vlslon? vote of confidence also was sure I, A source close to Bidault said in favor of international super- nn'" tests: "They were essential to our tional interest and have contrib-j uted materially to the security of the United States and the free world.' "The tests being concluded, with- in a few days sea and air traffic may be safely resumed within the 'warning area' which was set up 'or safety purposes for toe time when the tests were taking place. Official notice to airmen and mar- .ners will be published." This could have been an indirect and assurance to the com plaints abroad. to lessen Foreign Minister Georges Bidault's authority at Geneva. the Assembly corridors Bid- ault is not willing to press hard enough for peace in Indochina and therefore is not the right man to head the French negotiators. Last night's vote, though it. sus- tained Laniel's refusal to hold a debate now on Indochina and the was more Although the only foreign na means just j tionals actually injured by radio j---- viwiieiio av, iiijui cu Uj i dUiLf what he says about not wanting j active matter drifting from the tes McCarthy in the act. Second, anti-Eisenhower, pro- McCarthy Republican nominees will get no help from Eisenhower. The truth is. the President has finally acknowledged that mere "harmonizing" will not solve his problems of leadership. He is tired of cherishing his own enemies in the Republican party. He is more certain than ever that the party must be remade in the image of the moderate, progressive conserv- area have been Japanese fisher men, some of the sharpest criti cism has come from within Britain. In a fresh manifestation of thi feeling, Laborite Arthur Henderson asked Prime Minister Churchil yesterday, '.'If in view of the grea' public concern over developmen of the H-bomb, would the Prime Minister consider proposing tha there should be suspension of al hydrogen bomb tests and explo atism which is his own faith. He j Sj0ns pending the outcome of the now knows that this great aim can-1 disarmament conference? not be attained while he gives aid Churchill replied only that he and comfort to his enemies. Hence he will not give them aid and com- fort, in tha coming campaign or thereafter. No Paying Off There will be no foolish paying off of old scores, naturally. Rep. George Bender, who has just been nominated for the Senate in Ohio, was 100 per cent pro-Taft and anti- Ike. But in the primary, Bender repeatedly declared that he was now an Eisenhower Republican all the way, ready to support the President on all points. Bender will be strongly supported. There are several other candi- dates, however, who will not be smiled upon by the President un- less they make the same kind of specific commitment that Bender has made. One example is the Re- publican senatorial nominee in Il- linois, Joseph T. Meek, who sought the nomination as an extra Mc- Carthy enthusiast and regularly at- (Continued on Page 11, Column 6J ALSOPS had "no power to give directions to the United States or to the So- viet Union on this subject." The fact that the United States announced yesterday the 1954 series was ended did not necessarily mean that the program had been cut short, although this was pos- sible. Democratic Senator Calls Ike 'Useless' CHARLESTON, W. Va. Sen. Neely (W-Va) told an audience of West Virginia Democrats last night that in all his 32 years in Washington he had never seen a "more useless president than Dwight D. Eisenhower." He paid tribute to Eisenhower's leadership of the armed forces in time of war, but urged his hearers: "Let's go against the Eisenhower administration before it entirely ruins this country." I a humiliation than a victory for government. Mandan Flood Plan Approved OMAHA approval has been given an expanded program of flood pro- tection for the Mandan, N. D., area, Brig. Gen. W. E. Potter, Missouri River division chief of Army engineers, said Thursday. The program would consist of channel improvements on the Heart River, levees, floodwall modifica- tion and other improvements. To- tal cost is estimated at Of this, Gen. Potter said, would be borne by the federal government. Kohler Refuses To Order Probe Of Sheriff's Actions APPLETON, Wis. Koh- ler today rejected the request of the Outagamie County Board that he summon a grand jury or a intended to Twining Warns Russ Have Jet Bomber For U.S. Targets AMARILLO, Tex. Gen. Nathan F. Twining believes the new Russian heavy jet bomber, comparable in size to the huge American B52, was developed for the sole purpose of reaching "important targets in the United States." The Air Force chief of staff said in a speech prepared for an Armed Forces Day ceremony here that the Reds' medium bombers can reach "any important target in Europe or Asia or North Am- French Flying Wounded Out of Dien Bien Phu By LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina Ufi The French began airlifting their seri- ously wounded troops from Dien he was happy about the French confidence vote but realized the sum two-vote margin of victory did not do much to strengthen his hand in trying to resist Commu- nist peace terms. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST "They would need the new heavy bomber only to reach important targets in the United Placing heavy emphasis on the recent Russian display of air pow- er over Moscow, he said the Soviet tured fortress. fte cap That figure was 250 less than previous French estimates of the number of serious cases. The Com- munist-led rebels had reported they captured wounded in all when Dien Bien Phu fell week ago. The French high command an- few light thundershowers likely late tonight or early Saturday. No important change in temperature, except cooler Saturday night. Low tonight 50, high Saturday 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 79; minimum, 47; noon, 74; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 73 at noon, min. 56 at a.m. thin broken layer of clouds at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 5 miles per hour from "make evidence available for criminal prosecution or removal" of Sheriff Lyman B. Clark. The governor, in a letter to Dep- Union now has "thousands more j nounced the first contingent of the combat planes" than the U.S. Air j mo.st gravely wounded arrived Force, Navy, Marines and Army about noon today at the royal combined. Twining's estimate seemed in apparent conflict with that made last month by Rep. Schrivner (R- chairman of a House Ap propriations subcommittee hand' ling military funds. Scrivner said the United States outnumbers Rus- sia by a 3-2 ratio in the -air. However, it was not clear wheth- er Scrivner was referring to over- uty County Clerk Mollie E. Pfeffer, all air strength, in all types of said he lacked the authority to Planes. to combat craft. Neither south, southeast, barometer 30.06 falling slowly, humidity 38 cent. convene z grand jury and did not see "any need for invoking such an expensive and cumbersome program in this instance." Gov. Kohler also said that he saw no reason why a John Doe investigation could not be ordered locally "if there is any necessity for it." He added that the County Board's resolution "does not con- is there any precise definition of a "combat" plane applicable to both nations, No Figures Used Neither man.used figures. There has been official announcement that as of last January the United States Air Force, Navy and Ma- rine Corps had about planes of all types, of which one-third were jets. Russian strengtl) has been estimated at planes in tain sufficient information to act-ve Servic6] reserve. _er rant my requesting the attorney general to conduct an investiga- tion." "The board's resolution, Kohler said, "does not specify the nature of such unlawful activities or dis- close that if true they would con- stitute sufficient grounds for the sheriff's removal, assuming that a proper petition for his removal Playmate Jack Barnej, 13, helps hold coal back from the face of Jimmy O'Laughlin, 13, as rescuers dig the boy out of tons of stoker coal in which he was trapped 55 minutes May 12 at Decatur, 111. The O'Laughlin boy was reported "feeling pretty good" in St. Mary's Hospital. The boys were a railroad car when Jimmy fell into the coal and down through the partially open hopper starting 15 tons of coal falling, covering his body. (AP Wirephoto) Twining said today the Soviet air force "is by far the biggest air Laotian capital of Luang Prabang, 115 miles to the southwest. Dakota transport planes were to rush them from there to Hanoi and other points with hospital facilities. A total of 32 wounded were ex- pected in Hanoi by late this after- noon. Since only helicopters and small planes can use the war-battered, shell-pocked Dien Bien Phu air- strip, the French expected the air- lifting of the 450 men to take at least two weeks. The planes could carry only one, three or six pas- sengers each. In the Red River delta, mean- while, the French counted new "serious losses' after beating off an attack by to rebels yesterday near Phuly, only 30 miles south of Hanoi. It was the biggest attack so far this year in the delta, the major Vietminh target since the fall of Dien Bien Phu. Reliable sources said that Dr. Pierre Huard, Hanoi University medical dean who flew to Dien was before me.' Coast Guardsmen Rescue Crew of Grounded Freighter CAPE HATTERAS, N. C. 200-foot freighter ran aground in raging seas on bleak Hatteras Is- land today. Coast Guardsmen took off its crew of 14 by breeches bouy above the booming surf. Capt. Jose ZiUie radioed at j a. m., that he feared his vessel, the Omar Babun of tons, was sink- ing in high seas off the barrier reef this forbidding coast. Minutes later the vessel reported she was aground. Coast Guardsmen who converged :rom four stations found the ship 200 feet offshore with heavy surf jreaking about her. They got a ine aboard and set up the rescue line. The Coast Guard said the vessel svas of Panamanian registry. Lloyd's register lists an Omar Babun, regis- tered in Honduras. force in the world." But he said: yesterday to arrange the Under Executive Orders Not to Discuss Parley Mundt Steps Down From Chairmanship To Give Testimony WASHINGTON W) Eisen- hower administration today re- refused to lift a bar against further testimony about a high-level con- ference by White House aides and others on the boiling dispute be- tween Sen. McCarthy and the Army. Army counsel Joseph N. Welch advised the Senate subcommittee investigating the dispute that "as of this was no change in this stand. The sub- committee was then a half hour along in its afternoon meeting. At the forenoon session, it had asked a report after the luncheon recess on who gave the orders and whether they could be changed. Welch referred to the Jan. 21 meeting in Atty. Gen. Brownell's iffice as a sort of "intramural inference of the executive depart- ment on the highest level." Army counselor John G. Adams, in the witness stand in the 17th lay of the hearings, had refused his morning to answer further questions about the meeting which e had first mentioned on Wednes- day. Under Instructions Adams said he was under in- tructions from higher up. He greed to consult during the lun- heon recess and report further on )e source of his instructions. However, when he resumed his estimony this afternoon Adams eferred the subcommittee to elch. Welch said the instructions Adams still stand. He declined urther information. Under an agreernent between and Sen. Symington ho first raised the issue, the mat- ter was not pressed further at this point. Symington and Welch agreed that the subcommittee would go in- to the subject further next Mon- day. On by-passing the issue at the forenoon session, the subcommit- tee temporarily suspended ques- tioning of Adams to receive from its own members accounts of vis- its they had on Jan. 22 from Army representatives. Republican Sens. Dirksen Mundt (SD) and Potter (Mich) all testified they were about the McCarthy tee's announced determination to subpoena members of the Army loyalty board for questioning in. the subcommittee's hunt for Com- munists in the Army. Both agreed that Adams poured out a story of pressure from the McCarthy subcommittee, and par- ticularly from Roy M. Cohn, its general counsel, in behalf of Pvt. David Schine, drafted former con- sultant to the subcommittee. Both Dirksen and Mundt said, too, their first reaction was that, approached subcommit- We still have a considerable airlift with the did not if the charges were true Cohn must obtain any information on the fate i be fired, and that when they dis- lead over the Reds in long-range air power as well as in weapons that can be delivered by long range air power. We can maintain this advantage if we are willing to pay the price in material re- sources and in the human resource of hard work." He said that in the annual air parade over Moscow two weeks ago the Russians unveiled "some- thing very whereas a year ago they showed only some im- proved MIG fighters and light jet bombers. In this year's air parade, he said, the Soviets "included nine new medium jet bombers com- parable in size and design to our own B47." Displaced Person In U.S. May Be Drafted, Court Rules CHICAGO W A displaced per- son in the United States for per- manent residence may be drafted for military service, the U.S. Cir- cuit Court of Appeals has held. In its decision yesterday, the court unanimously upheld the three-year prison sentence given Anpanas J. 23, a Lithu- anian who defied the draft. of Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries heroic commander of the garrison or Genevieve de Galard Terraube. French air force nurse who was the only woman in the bastion dur- ing the long, bloody siege. Vietminh broadcasts have said De Castries was a prisoner, but they have not stated whether he was wounded. The rebels have made no mention of the nurse. Nibbing Man Found Dead; Neighbor Held HIBBING, Minn. UP) 81- year-old retired carpenter was found dead in his home near here today and a neighbor, who ad- mitted quarreling with him, was being held without charge until the cause of death is determined. Neighbors found Arthur Chap- man dead on the floor in his home. Deputy Sheriff- Ray McDermott said William Scofield, 44, a neigh- bor told of quarreling with Chap- man at his home about 8 p.m. Thursday, Scofield said he left aft- er this argument, returned later to apologize, and got into another argument. When Chapman threatened him, Scofield's story to McDermott con- tinued, Scofield struck Chapman, who fell to the floor. Then Scofield left. cussed the matter with Sen. Mc- Carthy he declared he would not submit to "blackmail." Take Noon Recess The committee recessed at p.m. until 2 p.m. with Sen. Potter another Republican sub- committee member, preparing to testify under oath about his confer- ence with Adams in January. Dirksen touched off the round oi senatorial testimony by dramat- ically asking and receiving per- mission to be sworn as a witness. His request came in the midst of a row over the propriety of ex- ploring publicly the roles of top White House aides and Atty. Gen. Brownell in a Justice Department conference last Jan. 21. Adams was a witness for his third day and bad balked at telling who said what at the a meeting he first mentioned on Wednesday. The Army's special counsel, Joseph N. Welch, said Adams was barred from answering such questions by orders from 'the executive department." On Wednesday, Adams had re- ,ated that at this conference presi- dential assistant Sher Adams sug- gested he prepare a chronological account of the Army's troubles over Schine. This was the first step toward the now famous Army report which brought on the roar- jniz cublic row with McCarthy.
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