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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 8, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Mostly Cloudy Continued Cold Tonight, Sunday River Stage Noon Today 16.01, Friday 16.20 NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 143 SIX CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 8. 1954 SIXTEEN PAGES Ike Meets With Top Military Aides A Group Including these men founded at the Chicago Club, in Chicago, a new organization call- ed "For America" super-international- ism." Front row, left to right: John Borden; Pa- niel Rice, Chicago broker; Col. Robert R. McCor- mick, editor and publisher of the Chicago Tri- bune; and Hamilton Fish, former GOP congress- man from New York. Back row, left to right: Col. Thomas R. Gowenlook, Chicago financier; Richard Lloyd Jones, editor of Tulsa, Okla., Tri- bune; Robert Harrison, New York; C. E. Tuttle; Orville Taylor, Chicago attorney, and Eugene F. McDonald, president of Zenith Radio Corp. The founders said the group is not a new political party but will enter fall elections "to fight within both parties for congressmen and senators who have the same principles as the organization." (AP Photo) TODAY U. S. Sets Rules for Aid in Asia By JOSE PH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON These weeks of the crisis of decision about In- dochina have thrown a lot of light on the popular congressional Policy Committee members at a secret meeting last night the pros- pects of limiting further testimony in the spectacular probe primarily ,_ to Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and relations of the Eisenhower ad- j Secretary of the Army Stevens. ministration. One Republican senator, Dirksen Asks Vote On Ending Hearings By JACK BELL WASHINGTON UW-Sen. Dirksen (R-I11) said today he will ask the Senate Investigations Subcommittee for a showdown vote Monday on a "concrete proposal which, if adopted, should end the McCarthy- Army hearings very soon." Although Dirksen declined to supply any details in an interview, GOP members of the inquiry group canvassed with Republican A minor but typical incident arose from the French need for more American Air Force mecha- nics to service their planes at the Indochinese air fields. Long be- fore, after much heart-searching, the administration assigned a little more than 200 mechanics of the Far East Air Force to this duty In the Indochina battle zone. This action, first reported in this space, caused much congressional con- cern. A fortnight or so ago, the word came that the 200 mechanics were not nearly enough to keep all the French bombers and transports in the air. The need was for about twice as many, or the same num- ber the French had originally ask- ed for. Before dealing with this problem, administration represent- atives conferred with bipartisan groups, of House and Senate lead- ers. Rayburn Speaks Up According to reports, the sena- tors opposed sending any further Americans in uniform to Indo- china, For the House, however, doughty Minority Leader Sam Rayburn seems to have voiced the who asked not to be named publicly, said the informal decision was made to urge White House officials to bring pressure on Stevens to agree to some such compromise. This senator said Stevens was balking at telescoping the hearings but predicted some compromise might be reached over the week- end. Army Counsel Joseph N. Welch, who turned down a similar pro- posal earlier in the week, would Seaway Bill Goes to Ike To Be Signed WASHINGTON UB-The St. Law- rence Seaway, notoriously slow legislative starter, wound up in a blaze of speed yesterday when the Hartley Case Shoes Worn In Rural Area Factory Experts Submit Report After Examination LA CROSSE, Wis. Authori- ties Friday said it had been de- termined that a pair of tennis shoes previously linked to the ap- parent abductor of Evelyn Hartley had been worn mostly in a rural area. .Charles Wilson. head of the state crime laboratory, relayed that in- formation on the basis of an exam- ination given the shoes at the Bos- ton plant of the B. F. Goodrich Rubber Co., manufacturer of the Loss of Fort Plunges France Into Bitterness Gen. De Castries, Many of His Men Announced Captives PARIS tragic loss of Dien Bien Phu on the eve of Indo- china negotiations at Geneva plunged France into bitter gloom today and raised speculation Pre- mier Joseph Laniel's government might fall. A Vietminh announcement early today said that the "commander1 of Dien Bien Phu and about 17 companies of French Union troops were captured when the bastion shoes. Wilson told La Crosse County It that Brig. Gen. Dist. Atty. John Bosshard the man Christian de Castries, heroic com- who wore the tennis shoes would raander Of the garrison had not wear a size 12-13 leather shoe, in- perished. De Castries had vowed ere would never yield up the garri- son to the Reds. conclusion that the shoes given mostly rural wear was de- rived from the absence of indica- tions that the shoes had been worn on concrete or a gym floor. The shoes were found along a highway south of the city, shortly after Miss Hartley, 15, vanished Oct. 24 from the La Crosse home where she had been baby sitting. The prints of the shoes matched those found outside the home and the shoes were flecked with blood but of insufficient quantity to de- termine if it was Miss Hartley's type. The broadcast, monitored in Hong Kong did not name De Cas- tries. It merely referred to the commander of Dien Bien Phu. The Red radio claimed complete victory in Dien Bien Phu and said all French Union forces have sur- rendered. No Word of Nurss It gave no word as to the fate of pretty 29-year-old Genieve de Ga- lard Terraube, French air force nurse who has been trapped in Dien Bien Phu since March 27. The addition of this slim clue in I saying "We the mystery came as flve listeners the whole story temporarily broke off a mass fo tonight or tomorrow. detector test in order to re-survey IT The .burning issue of France's sites where clues in the case have IIndochma Policy is expected to jeen found. Sites included the spot where the shoes were discovered and an area where blood stained "eminine underclothing was found. The mass quiz, in which auth- orities want to question male students and teachers of La Crosse, began Thursday. Diving Crews Bring Up Plane Crash Victims NASSAU, Bahamas two months ago. But the head- lines, when they came, struck a hard blow at French morale and increased demands for xews were expected today to almost any price, iring up the last of 10 bodies I The cry that some way out of rom a two-engined Navy Neptune the 7-year-old war must be found Senate completed congressional bomber that crashed in tropic I was once popular only among Corn- come before the National Assem- bly again next week. With deputies already demanding the scalps of those responsible for the worst de- feat in seven years of Indochina warfare, the debate easily could result in a new government upset. News of Dien Bien Phu's col- lapse had been expected almost ev- ery day since fighting for the north A Solemn-Looking Secretary Of John Foster Dulles re- ported to the American people Friday night on the of the Indochina situation. At the right is a Southeast Asia map he used during the speech when he ruled out use of American armed forces at this time but said saving Southeast Asia may yet de- mand serious military commitments by free world nations. (AP Wirephoto) Business Investing In Long-Term Work By NORMAN WALKER WASHINGTON WV-The government's latest job figures Indicated oday the main trouble with the nation's economy may be a lack )f business and consumer confidence in the immediate future. Business and consumers alike are investing heavily in the long- erm future. The booming construction industry is an indication f that. Business is spending heavily on new plants and equipment, onsumers are continuing to buy ew homes. But a Labor-Commerce Depart v f ine norfn ment survey on April employment Indochina fortress started nearly h d vest' dav rhat trou- not indicate in advance the De- action and sent the measure to darkness during antisubmarine ex- j munists. Recently it had become fense Department's attitude to- i President Eisenhower, ward any new move of this kind, j An "I guess that when he said. Atlantic-to-the-Great Lake ocean-goiag ship has been a project favored b Stevens Tells of Threats j every U. S. president since Worl But Sen. McClellan senior j War I, including President Eisen subcommittee Democrat, served hower. But the project was alway notice there is likely to be Demo- cratic opposition to any sudden blocked in Congress. This year the Senate okayed th narrowing of the hearings which bill in January and the House have brought Stevens to the wit- ness stand on each of 12 days to reiterate charges against Mc- Carthy and defend himself from the Wisconsin senator's counter-ac- cusations. voting on it for the first tim Thursday, approved a version wit just minor differences. The legislation allows the Unite' States to join Canada in buildin, and operating the seaway so ocea Stevens testified yesterday in an I vessels can sail as far inland a abbreviated hearing that Me-1 Toledo, Ohio. A 27-foot-deep cana Earthy and his aides subjected Imust be dug around a 46-mil lim to "exceedingly stretch of the International Rapids threats in an effort to get prefer-1 where ships are now limited to 1 general view, when he said that ential Army treatment for Pvt G feet. This would allow the ocean there was nn in nrm- r _i__ T-. _ there was no difference in prin. c i p 1 e between mechanics and 200 400 American American mechanics. On this ground, Ray- burn argued that the administra- tion ought to do whatever seem- ed advisable. Rayburn's logic was not easy to refute but his advice was rejected. Despite its negative ending, the episode has special interest. It strikingly illustrates the extreme deference which the Eisenhower administration has been paying to congressional opin- David Schine, a former McCarthy travelers into Lakes Erie and On investigative consultant. McCarthy called for a word-by- word recounting of the threats while pushing his contention that Stevens and others were using Schine in an effort to halt Mc- Carthy's Communist investigations at Ft. Monmouth. These are the principal charges and denied by the other the sub- committee is investigating. tario. Even as seaway proponents were congratulating each other on their victory, some voices were heart talking about expanding the 105 million dollar project later Sen. Douglas (D-I11) noted th. measure does not provide for deep- ening the Detroit River so deep- draft boats can move into Lakes Huron, Michigan and Superior. Sen, Humphrey (D-Minn) de- T. With Stevens ordered back to the I dared the next step would be to jons. It shows, particularly, how stand when hearings resume Mon- i extend the seaway "way up to thP n, day, McClellan said that he doesn't I Superior and Duluth, the twin QPA "limif tVlo J Hni-lint-p ___1 -ur- the present time of danger has driven the administration to revive the old system of bipartisan con- sultations. On the day that President Eisen- hower took over the White House, there was no serious bipartisan consultation on foreign policy un- til the Indochina crisis began. But as soon as the administration learned that we could not just luck through in Indochina, rather continuous consultations began to be held. The Senate leaders, Knowland, Ferguson, Wiley and Saltonstall, and Lyndon Johnston, Russell and Geoz-ge, have been called in most often. Go By Two Rules From these discussions with the congressional leaders, have emer- ged the two rules that have thus far controlled the administration's handling of the crisis. Rule one is that the President will not act without asking for congressional authorization. Rule two is that this country will not attempt armed intervention in Indochina except in the context of the "united ac- tion" of our allies. The second rule has proved par- (Continued on Page 16, Column 1} ALSO PS see "how the committee in good conscience can ienv any principal the right to testify." Along with McCarthy, Roy M. Conn, his chief counsel, and Fran- cis Carr, his chief of staff, have been named as principals. Besides Stevens, principals on the other side are Army Counselor John G. Adams and H. Struve Hensel, as- sistant secretary of defense. Only Stevens has been questioned at any length so far. Burglar Walks Out, Looks for Chaplain NEBRASKA CITY, Neb. ifl Sheriff Ken Wiles picked up Charles L. Straw, 22, Peru, Neb., on burglary charges and left him in his office while he stepped into another room to tell a reporter about the 10 burglaries Straw was alleged to have staged in Nebras- ka, Kansas and Missouri. Straw promptly walked out. He was found two hours later wander- ing around town looking, he said, "for a chaplain." A few hours later ha pleaded guilty to three counts of burglary. harbors of Wisconsin and Minne- sota." The 105 million cost to this coun- try is to be met through sale of bonds to the U. S. Treasury, which are to be repaid over an estimated 50-year period through tolls col- lected from the seaway's users. Canada's cost is estimated at 200 million. 7 Colleges Plan World's Biggest Atom Smasher ANN ARBOR, Mich, (j) University of Minnesota is joining with six other midwest colleges in plans for construction of the .world's largest atom smasher, estimated to cost a whopping 25 million dol- lars. Prof, P. G. Kruger of Illinois was named chairman as the group met here Friday to formally or- ganize Midwestern Universities Re- search Assn., rnc. Others in the program are the Universities of Iowa, Wisconsin, Indiana and Iowa State College. ercises in the Bahamas. The plane crashed Friday, shortly after taking off from Wind- sor Field. It went into the water about 200 yards off shore from Clifton Pier on the southern coast of the island. The Navy said the plane came from Key West and names of the victims will be announced next of kin are notified. after shrill and insistent from many quarters. showed yesterday that major trou ble spots in the economy are the factories, the mines and the trans, portation field. This report said April employ- ment was up nearly half a million from March and that unemployment bad dropped in March to an April to- tal of This conforms to seasonal experience. However, the number of factory rp. L1IC ilUillUtSI Ul Idl-LUlV The government came m for contjn-ued to dr0p last yere criticism on Indochina polic in assembly debate this week. Wit the gallant defenders of Dien Bie Phu still holding out and the talk about to start to Geneva, howeve the disgruntled deputies hesitate in throwing out Cabinet. Laniel and hi Map Details progress of Communist-led' Vietminh assaults on Dien Bien Phu, climaxed by the fall Friday of the French Indo- china bastion (shaded Rebels occupied the outer ring on March 13, when they started the decisive series of assaults. By March 30, they had tightened the ring (large inner circle) around the main fort area and had isolated (solid black the southern defense point. The final assaults (arrows) were launched from the innermost ring. The "Isabelle" outpost still held out May 7, against rebels holding a tight circle around the iso- lated defense point. (AP Wirephoto) with a decrease of from March and below a year ago. Mining employment was under March and un- der last year. There was a gain in transportation employment in April, but the level still was below a year ago. A top government economist reasons the situation this way: Consumers, worried about how things will go in the next year or _ so, are reluctant to take on short- j the four big powers, Red China term debts. This affects sales o Viet Nam, Laos, Cambodia ant Talks Open On Ending War In Indochina GENEVA (ffl East-West talks to end the 7-year war in Indochin opened today. The long-awaited negotiations be gan at p.m. a.m. CST with nine delegations taking par Final decision was reached les than an hour before starting time The nine participating delega tions were notified after an agree nent had been reached betwee Sritish Foreign Secretary Anthon; Eden and Soviet Foreign Ministe Vyacheslav M. Molotov. The delegations taking part wer such things as autos, refrigerators TV sets and so on. Manufacturers of such items noting slackened demand, ar keeping stocks low. This is de pressing factory activity and jobs. This in turn has lowered demarj for coal, steel and other raw ma terials, reducing those industries. employment in Lower factory output and pro Auction of raw materials then have affected the transportation industry, where there have beer heavy railroad layoffs. The rest of the economy seems :o be thriving. Judd Wants Tree' Indochina Before Armed Intervention DALLAS (ffl Rep. Walter Judd a member of the House roreign Affairs Committee, night he would never vote or armed intervention in Indo- china until the Indochinese are free )f what he termed "French colo- nialism." Referring to the fall of the Drench -Union garrison at Dien Bien Phu, Judd told the Dallas touncil on World Affairs: "With all the incredible valor in Dien Bien Phu, those men never ad a chance when their own gov- rnment would not give freedom the people so the people would e on their side. He put two other conditions on rmed intervention; 1. That there be joint action by the Western Powers. 2. "That it will not be a repe- tion of Korea, but an attempt to in, which .means adopting mea- ures eventually to win China." Judd scored British policy in .sia. He accused the United King- cm of reneging on "a united front southeast Asia." Communist-led Vietminh. The Communists were expecte. to propose immediately the expan sion of the parley to include sev eral other Asian countries, includ ing India, Burma, Thailand, Indo nesia and the Philippines, _ All the major procedural ques tions apparently have been agreet upon. Eden and' Russia's Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov will pre side on alternate days. It was understood that the open ing session would be -devoted pri marily to getting the Indochina phase of the parley organized. The initial procedure is expectec to follow that of the Korean talks where the opening session lasted only a half hour. Western delegates do not expecl to get a clue to the Communist position until the second session It was generally believed it would become apparent in the first major speech by the Communists whether there is any chance of an Indo- china peace. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and continued cold tonight and Sunday. Low tonight 32, high Sunday 50 LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 50; minimum, 35; noon, 45; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observation) Max, temp. 46 at and .m. Friday. Low 38 at a.m. oday. Noon temp. 47. Scattered ay of clouds at and overcast t feet, visibility more than 5 miles with wind from the west t 17 m.p.h. and gusts up to 25 m.p.h. Barometer 29.90 steady vith humidity 61 per cent and dew- 34. Indochina Crisis Believed Topic Under Discussion Dulles Reveals Use of Troops in S.E. Asia Pondered By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Hi President Eisenhower met with his top stra- tegy advisers for an hour and a half today in an unusual Saturday session and presumably a major topic was what the United States should do about the Indochina cri- sis. Those who were called to the White House, members of the Na- tional Security Council, left by back doors and the President's office made no announcement of what decisions, if any, were made. Secretary of State Dulles laid lown basic points of the admin- stration attitude Friday night: It is considering defense commit- ments which "might involve the use of armed force" but under 'present conditions" the United "tates has no intention of send- ing fighting to Indochina. Dulles spoke in a nationwide iroadcast Friday night a few lours after news of the fall of Men Bien Phu reached Washing- on. Word that Communist besiegers ad finally overrun the Indochina ortress brought calls from a num- er of U.S. leaders for new efforts award united action against Red .ggression in Southeast Asia. President Eisenhower messaged 'resident Rene Coty of France that Dien Bien Phu defenders hould know "that no sacrifice of iieirs has been in vain; that the ree worid will remair faithful to le causes for which they have so obly fought." He sent similar word to the- Viet Nam chief of tate, Bao Dai, in whose land lies le fallen fortress Council Eisenhower summoned a special meeting of the National Security ouncil today for a purpose not nnounced, virtually certain to iclude discussion of Indochina, he CouncE is the nation's top trategy body. It will meet at a.m. EST. Dulles, a Security Council mem- er, used an informal "fireside lat" approach to his television nd radio audience last night, mak- g small changes in his prepared text as he went along but not al- tering the general tenor of his talk. He expressed confidence that discussions now under way with 20 friendly nations Britain and France among the de- fense of Southeast Asia will result in a free world coalition that will rock Communist aggression there. But cautioned: "This common defense may in- volve serious commitments by us all. But free people will never re- main free unless they are willing to fight for their vital interests." Will Co to Congrcts So far as the United States is concerned, Dulles said that enter- ing into such commitment is possi- ble only on two conditions: 1. Congressional approval would have to be given. Congress, he said, "is a full partner" with the administration in any such enter- prise. 2. Other free nations would have join the pledge and share the burden. In Dulles' words, there would have to be "an adequate collective effort based on genuine mutuality of purpose in defending vital interests. Dulles made a distinction :ween the long range problem of securing Southeast Asia generally against Red conquest and dealing now with the war which is actively under way in the Indochina State of Viet Nam. He said efforts to work out an armistice in the Geneva confer- ence could produce an accept- able 6ettlement of the fighting. But le acknowledged the possibility hat an unacceptable settlement, rom the American point of view, might be made. If there is an unacceptable rmistice or a failure to agree on nding the fighting, he said, the eed for an anti-Communist coali- tion would be "even more urgent." No Suitable Basil Dulles recalled that the United tales had gone into the Korean ight to support the military de- ense of a people already ng armed assault and under a nited Nations mandate. But he eclared that the situation in Indo- iina "is far more complex." "The present conditions there do ot provide a suitable basis for le United States now to partici- ate with its armed he aid. The secretary' of state did not efine what conditions he had in ind but one, at least, appeared om other parts of his speech to e the fact that no arrangement r united action, now exists.
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