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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 7, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Cold Tonight And Saturday River Stage Noon Today 16.2, Thursday 16.1 NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 142 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 7, 1954 TWENTY PAGES Main Fort Overrun at Dien Bien Phu McCarthy Men Threatened Him, Sec. Stevens Testifies WASHINGTON of i committee until he was the Army Stevens swore today fall. Sen. McCarthy's aides threatened I The McCarthy-Army row re- drafted thy subcommittee's chief counsel, and Francis P, Carr, its staff di- him if Pvt. G. David Schine failed to get favored treatment. They made "exceedingly seri- ous" threats, Stevens told the Sen- ate subcommittee investigating the McCarthy-Army row. And, Stevens declared, he had a distinct impression from -McCar- thy, as well as from the senator's volves about Army contentions the senator and his aides made im- proper efforts to get preferential treatment for Schine and McCar- thy's countercharges the Army tried to shut off the senator's in- vestigations of Communists in the Army. McCarthy hammered aides, that the more the Army did for Schine the less "hammering" the Army would be subjected to from the McCarthy committee. Schine, a member of a wealthy New York family, was an unpaid consultant to the McCarthy Stevens and the usually mild-mannered secretary, in his 12th day in the witness chair, snapped back with a sharpness not displayed before. Pressed by McCarthy to say whether Roy M. Cohn, the McCar- 2 Americc Killed in Ir SAIGON, Indochina A Flying Boxcar blew up Thursday on a supply drop mission to besieged Dien Bien Phu, killing its two American civilian pilots and the Trench crew chief. One of the Americans, James B. Earthquake McGoon) McGovern i2, of Elizabeth, N.J., was one of he most famous and intrepid air-ine pilots in the Far East. The Chinese Communists had held him for five months in Fliers idochina Wallace Abbott Buford, 28, of Og-den, Utah, who narrowly escaped death 10 days ago when his plane was riddled by AA fire, which wounded the American pilot with him. An official French command announcement said the cause of the explosion was not known but unofficial observers thought possibly it had been hit by Vietminh antiaircraft fire. after he crash-landed in Red terri- tory. The other American killed was TODAY War Soon To Spread To Malaya By JOSEPH end STEWART ALSOP place "Kings the Victorian man- sion of the governor general of Malaya, The time was less than six months ago. The speaker was Gen. Sir Gerald Templer, the bril- liant leader who turned the tide in the struggle against Malaya's Communist guerillas. "You want to know how a Com- munist victory in Indochina will affect the situation said Sir Gerald with a certain grimness. "Well, I can teU you that very easily. Within a short time after a Communist victory in Indochina, I shall have a major war on my hands here in Malaya." "But just what do you mean by he was asked. "I can easily tell you that, he replied, with still greater grim- ness. "All the doubters here will doubt no longer. The support for the jungle guerrillas, which we have managed to cut almost to, nothing, will immediately and very I P'anes in China, greatly increase. We shan't be able I He rejoined Chennault's CAT in to stop it. j March 1947. "By the same token, the morale of the Communists, both guerrillas and the underground, is now at rock bottom, but it will immedi- ately go to a new high. After all, their slogan is, 'Father Mao is coming to give us the victory.' Even last year, at the time of the Communist invasion of Laos, we could see the reaction to a Com- munist success in Indochina on a small scale but very plainly. But you talk of Indo- McGovern and Buford among a group of some 25 U.S civilian pilots, employed by re- tired Gen. Claire Chennault's Civi rector, had ever "threatened" iim, Stevens maintained they had. He said that because of the sub- committee's search for espionage at Ft. Monmouth, N.J., "taken in conjunction with the constant dis- cussion of Schine, it was my feel- ing that they were threatening i me." "If I did not do something, they were going to do Stevens said. In response to McCarthy's urg- ing to be specific, Stevens cited what he called Conn's "declaration of war" against the Army after Cohn was denied admittance to a secret radar laboratory at Ft. Mon- mouth on Oct. 20 and a meeting be had with Cohn and Carr at his Pentagon office on Nov. 16. McCarthy said that while Cohn was denied admittance to the radar laboratories "Commies have free access." "I say Commies do not have free access to those Stevens flared. Three days before the Nov. 16 meeting in his office with Cohn and Carr, Stevens recalled, he had said at a news conference that he knew of no current espionage at Ft. Monmouth despite the head- lines growing out of McCarthy' probe there. Stevens said Carr and Cohn toll him McCarthy "felt I had pullei the rug from under him." At the meeting with the senator'; were two aides, he said, "There wa: plenty of what was going to happen now." Air Transport, who are flying the transports the United States has supplied the French air force. The American civilians are paid a flying hour above their regu- lar airline pay. More than 200 U.S. Air Force technicians are stationed at French air bases in Indochina but their duties are confined entirely to non- combat servicing of American air- craft. The CAT pilots began parachut- ing the supplies into Dien Bien Phu in March. The first casualty of their group was Paul R. Holden of Greenleaf, Kan. Now recuperating in Japan, he was wounded by antiaircraft fire last week while flying a mis- sion with Buford. Buford brought the crippled plane safely back to base. From at least three previous mis- sions over the embattled fortress, McGovern had returned with his big C119 riddled with machinegun and rifle bullets. "He's leading a charmed said other pilots. McGovern's 250 pounds and am able disposition were responsibl for his nickname. A veteran of Chennault's Flyin Tigers in China, McGovern serve with the 14th Air Force and wa credited with shooting down fou Jap planes, damaging five an possibly destroying one on th ground. After his release from the Air Force, he began flying commercia china being actually surrendered to the Communists. "Well, my best estimate is that before long I would need three ad- ditional British divisions to prevent the Malayan situation from getting thoroughly out of control, I think it's justifiable to call that a major as the British di- visions don't exist." Sees Surrender So spoke Sir Gerald, biting off the last words with visible dis- taste. When he talked last Novem- ber to one of these reporters, his forecast was hypothetical and re- mote. Today this Templer fore- cast has assumed the highest, most immediate and the hardest practical importance. For a sur- sender of Indochina to the Com- (Continued on Paae 10, Column 2.) ALSOPS St. Cloud to Vote on Filtration, Sewage Plants ST. CLOUD, Minn. 1.0 St. Cloud will vote at a special elec- tion June 7 on a proposal for a bond issue of three miilion dollars for construction of a new water fil- tration plant and a sewage dis- posal plant. Date for the election was set by the City Council Thursday night. To pass, the proposal needs five-eighths of the total vote cast. Inducements to Move Courthouse Ruled Not 'Bribery' ST. PAUL iff) Gen. Burn quist ruled today that it is no "bribery" for residents of Clara City to offer the Chippewa County Board a cash gift and a new site if the courthouse ai Montevideo is moved to Clara City Sigvald B. Oyen, county attor- ney, asked Burnquist for a legal opinion in a dispute over whether the county seat should be movec to Clara City. Burnquist reversed a ruling by the attorney general in 1920 hold- ing that any person who "di- rectly or indirectly pays any mon- ey" to induce a voter in an elec- tion would be guilt of a felony. The county attorney inquired if the cash offer .ind site would con- stitute a violation of the corrupt practices act if it were made to "influence the vote" and an 'elec- tion to determine if the county seat should be moved from Monte- video to Clara City. He pointed out that the date of the election, however, has not been set. Burnquist held that while there is no law preventing the county commissioners from accepting an offer of such kind, he assumes it would be on condition that the property so accepted would be re- turned if the voters do not approve a change. Recently Oyen and three Clara City residents supporting the move for a change called to discuss the matter with Burnquist. McCarthy: "You say they tolc you I was Stevens: "That's correct." McCarthy: "And they told you the investigations would con Stevens: "They certainly did." When McCarthy asked how thai was an attempt to win preferentia. treatment for Schine, Stevens re- torted it was "all part of a pattern, in my opinion." His voice dripping with sarcasm, McCarthy questioned Stevens about what he called the "promo- tion" of Schine to private. He asked whether there was any ra- ting lower than private. Stevens turned around and had a whispered exchange with Army of- ficers sitting near him before re- plying, Stevens said. "He started as a recruit and is no'" a private." A roar of laughter almost drowned out Stevens' additional statement: "I don't consider that a pro- motion." At the outset of today's session, McCarthy said he thought he could complete his questioning of Stev- ens today. But just before the hearings recessed at a.m. CST until Monday, McCarthy said he thought he and Cobn would need about an hour and a half more. So Stevens will be back in the witness chair on Monday. There was a bit of hassle when McCarthy denounced one of the original Army charges as "this lie" and was ordered to withdraw the word. Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel to the Senate Investigations Sub- committee, sternly told the senator his language was improper in a question to Secretary of the Army Dulles Working On Alliance in Southeast Asia British Agree To Cooperate On New Proposal By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON of State Dulles has developed a two stage program for organizing an anti-Communist coalition in South- east Asia and hopes It will produce a provisional arrangement in a matter of weeks. Dulles is due to hold a series of diplomatic discussions_here shortly for the first stage of negotiations. Officials said today it seems cer- tain to begin with a multi-nation military staff conference. The military conference, and p o s s i b ly additional diplomatic talks, would be designed to pro- duce a provisional security ar- rangement to stand until later second-stage talks eventually re- sulted in a formal security treaty. A minimum of five and a max- imum of 10 or a dozen countries could be represented in the first conferences. Authorities said the British have agreed to cooperate, and they termed this a forward step. Previously the Churchill gov- ernment had withheld joining in Dulles' proposed "united action" pending efforts for an Indochina peace settlement at Geneva. Dulles will report to the nation by radio and television tonight on Indochina and on other subjects, notably the Korean peace dead- lack, with which he dealt at Ge- neva last week with Allied nations and the Communists. (A nbroadcaft will bt carried by KWNO p.m.) Advance information was that he would emphasize his and Presi- dent Eisenhower's resolve de- spite disappointments so far to form a united front with friendly nations aimed at saving Southeast Asia from Communist conquest. Then, aides said, he will talk in the next few days with diplomats of a number of countries which could be included in the alliance, particularly about the subject of military negotiations. Informants said it had not been settled just what countries would be included, and they emphasized that the con- ference is still only a proposal sub- ect to revision. Dulles is reported to have told a group of congressmen Wednes- day night that the United States Handcuffs Were Snapped on the wrists of Harold Jackson, right, as Joseph Lear, facing camera, center left, talked with his attorneys after a San Francisco jury Thursday found the two men guilty on all counts of kidnaping realtor Leonard Moskovitz for ransom last Jan. 16. The ransom was never paid and Moskovitz was rescued. Found guilty of kidnaping with bodily harm under California's "Little Lindbergh" law made the death penalty automatic for the two. (AP Wirephoto) San Francisco China Spikes Kidnapers Get Death Penalty SAN FRANCISCO for- mer private detectives condemned to death for a kidnaping in which the victim was rescued and no ransom was paid faced the San Quentin gas chamber with'radical- A Potentially jarring note in the ly different attitudes today. i Indochina talks, slated to start Dapper, 52-year-old Harold Jack-! Monday, was injected by an of- Peace Scheme By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN GENEVA East-West delegates returned to their deadlocked debate on Korea today as Red China threatened to bog down peace talks for Indochina as soon as they start. The two-week-old effort for unification of Korea, resuming after a three-day recess, appeared nearing its expected unproductive end. None of the 19 participating nations made formal requests to speak, but Colombia and the Philippines indicated they might take tbe floor when the session opened. son and mild Joseph Lear, 43, were convicted late Stevens. Chairman Mundt (R-SD) ruled McCarthy could ask whether the charge was "true or false." The charge, originally put out by the Army but not included in i engine-oil truck crash in 1950. las little hope of taking any ef- ective action, on a united front >asis, in time to strengthen Viet Nam against Red pressure. He wa aid to have discussed a possibilil if making any security pledge a; ilicable to Laos and Cambodi; which haye not been as heayi] nvolved in the seven-year figh against Communist-led forces. Damages Denied In Crash of Fire Engine, Oil Truck ST. PAUL Lfl The Minnesot Supreme Court today denied th appeal of William Carroll, St. Pau fireman, and Mrs. Anna Jurgen sen, widow of a second fireman who unsuccessfully sought damages as a result of a fir the formal Army bill of specifica- tions for the McCarthy-Army hear- ings, was to the effect that Roy M, Cohn was so "upset" by Army handling of Pvt. G. David Schine he could not attend a luncheon on Dec. 10, Cohn is general counsel to the McCarthy subcommittee. Sam Jurgensen, riding on thj right rear of a fire engine, wa killed in the collision and Carroll riding on the left rear, was in jured. Mrs. Jurgensen, as specia administratrix of her husband's es tate, sued for and Carroll asked At Pint Glanct it might seem that this cow was on the way to the Capitol, like many others, to register a beef. Actually the police their patrol wagon not precisely equipped for an inside job are towing Bossie to the city pound. She fell out of a truck Thursday while passing through Washington on U. S. Route 1. (AP Wirephoto) ficial spokesman for Red China, Huang Hua. He told newsmen his delegation at the opening session would de- mand admission of the Communist "governents" of Laos and Cam- bodia, as well as such other "inter- ested including India, Indonesia and Burma. The West considers the "Com- munist regimes" of Laos and Cam- bodia are virtually nonexistent. A French spokesman said his government would refuse to sit at the same conference with repre- sentatives of "phantom regimes which exist only in the imagination of the Vietminh." Some Western observers viewed the prospective Chinese move as purely a propaganda maneuver. They felt the Chinese would not insist on additional invitations if it appeared such demands would wreck.the talks. In setting up tbe Indochina dis- cussions, Russia and the Western Big Three agreed that nine dele- gations would be present at the opener. They are the Big Four, Red China, three Associated mendation which could have re- States of Indonchina and the Com- suited in life imprisonment, j munist-led Vietminh. Jackson grinned and circled his! The Soviets earlier this week right forefinger and thumb in a symbol of triumph. yesterday under California's Little Lindbergh Law of kidnaping Leonard Mosko- vitz, 36, a real estate broker, Jan. 16. They demanded ran- som; later The jury of six men and six women found that Moskovitz had suffered bodily harm in being chained and threatened with a knife before he was rescued by police after 61 hours in captivity. The jurors automatically con- demned the two to death by not recommending leniency. The verdict didn't seem to bother Jackson, a onetime sailor and an all-time adventurer who operated a wartime private guard agency on the San Francisco waterfront, Brought into court in handcuffs to hear the verdict late in the 22 Quizzed in First Lie Tests At La Crosse 33rd trial day, the convicted mas- termind of the Moskovitz kidnap- ing cracked to his lawyer: "Cheer up, pal, the worst is yet to come. Here's where we get that old rocking chair." As the verdict was read, pointed- ly omitting any leniency recom- "Well, well, old rocking chair's got he said. Then he laughed aloud at Lear, whose face was strained and taut. When an identical guilty verdict was read for Lear, Lear broke into tears. His pretty 23-year-old wife Betty, who sat in the first row with his mother and father, Mr. and Mrs. James Lear of Havre, Mont., stared for a moment, then plunged her face into women sobbed. her hands. Both 20 Firemen Missing After Brazil Powder Depot Explosion RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil Twenty firemen were reporte roken out and fled. Firemen from a port fireboat )egan to play water on the flames. powder magazine blew up with a tremendous blast. Several lesser ixpbsions occurred later among anks of gasoline and oil. Catt Exhibits Mice CHARLOTTESVILLE, V a. One of the displays being shown here today at the Vir- ginia Junior Academy of Science meeting was a mouse exhibit by a student at Wood- bery Forest School. The stu- dent John Catt. said they would propose India, Burma, Thailand and Indonesia join the talks. But Western sources did not expect the Russians to press this to the point of endanger- LA CROSSE, Wis. high school students and two teach- ers Thursday made up tbe first batch of more than males who are expected to take volun- tary lie detector tests as authori- ties continue their search into the mysterious disappearance of Eve- lyn Hartley. Miss Hartley, 15, vanished from a neighborhood home where she was baby sitting for family friends the night of Oct. 24, 1953. No trace of her has been found. Dist. Atty. John Bosshard said the questioning of the 22 took five hours. He gave no indication of what results were obtained. Thursday's tests were made at Central High School where Miss Hartley was an honor student. Bosshard and A, M. Josephson, newly appointed La Crosse County crime investigators, decided to question the city's high school and college male students and teach- ers. Bosshard said there were no refusals in the first day of testing. Miss Hartley disappeared from the home of Prof, and Mrs. Viggo Strongpoint Holding Out ing the negotiations. The United j Rasmussen while they attended a States wants to restrict the Indo china conference to as few nation: as possible. France's delegation here drew encouragement from the vote o confidence given Premier Josepl Laniel's government by the Na tional Assembly in Paris yes_ter day. The vote authorized Laniel's government to continue to negoti ate here for an end to the seven year Indochina war. Unemployment in U.S. Drops WASHINGTON govern- ment reported today unemploy- ment declined in April, the first jobless drop since..last Oc- tober. Employment increased by nearly half a million in the month. The encouraging job report was issued jointly by Secretary of Labor Mitchell and Secretary of Commerce Weeks in a new com- bined release of data available to both departments. In their joint announcement the two cabinet officers said that not only did employment increase and unemployment decline in April, as measured during the week ended April 10, but "there was evidence that unemployment continued to decline as the month progressed." Unemployment was reported at or less than the jobless counted in March. Smployment increased by jetween March and April, rising from to The jobless drop was largely at- football game. In addition to signs of violence in the home, officers found a trail of blood that led about 200 feet away from the house. A pair of worn tennis shoes found shortly after the gir! disappeared has been linked by investigators to her abductor, but no other tangi- ble clues have been uncovered. In conducting the tests, which Bosshard says he believes to be j the largest project of its kind in history, each person signed a con- sent slip as he entered the room Bosshard pointed out that inves- tigators are seeking information from the persons and not necessar- ily guilty case. knowledge about the "In other Bosshard said, "a boy may have heard something which seems insignificant to him, but which may be of great value to WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and cold tonight and Saturday with frost or freezing temperature. Low ;qnight 30 in city, 26 in country, high Saturday 48. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 57; minimum, 34; noon, 46; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 56 at p. m, Thursday, low 36 degrees at m. today. Noon 4, scattered layer of clouds at 100 feet and a broken layer at ributed to the usual seasonal pick-1 feet, visibility over 15 miles, wind up of outdoor activities. Unemploy- from the west northwest at 15- ment has declined between March anld April in all but one of the >ast dozen years. miles-per-hour with gusts up to 27, barometer at 29.87 steady, humidity 161 per cent Collapse of Central Defenses Announced By Premier in Paris PARIS Bien Phu hai fallen. Premier Joseph La.niel an- nounced late today the northwest Indochina bastion "has been sub- merged." A little fortress named Isabella, site of the French Union garrison's main artillery, still was holding out three miles south of the bloodied, muddied bastion that had epito- mized the Indochina war to world for 57 days. One of the last orders Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, the lanky :ommander in chief, sent to Isa- belle was to fire on his own com- mand post when the Communist- ed rebel riflemen finally cut irough. No Word on Garrison There was no immediate word as to the fate of Gen. De Castries, commander of the fallen garrison, lor that of Genevieve de Galard ferraube, a French nurse and the only woman -in the besieged fort. She had been decorated for gallan- try twice within the week. Premier Laniel told the National Assembly counterattacks had been aunched in a vain effort to block he rebels from making a juncture m attacks from the northeast and he southwest, but the defense ef- orts failed. "The government has just earned that Dien Bien Phu has submerged after 20 hours of uninterrupted Laniel aid. Laniel said "the French reaction will be the reaction of the virility 3f a great nation." He added that France will con- firm its instructions to its dele- ;ates at Geneva without admitting that the fall of Dien Bien Phu can :hange anything. "France will recall to its Alliei that during seven years it has ever quit defending alone a great egion of Laniel told tht Assembly. Deputies Stand All the deputies in the Assembly tood while Laniel announced the all of Dien Bien the ommunists. They remained eated. Gen. Ho Nguyen Giap's rebel iege forces, bidding for victory before the Geneva conference started negotiations for an end to the 7-year-old war, outnumbered De Castries' garrison by 4-to-l or more. De Castries was estimated on. the eve of the showdown battle to have men, including wounded, at his command. These were Frenchmen, Foreign Legion- naires, Vietnamese and North Af- ricans. There were about wounded in underground bunkers of the fort. All efforts for a truce to evacuate them had failed. The fortress, situated in a broad, flat rice plain about six miles long and half that wide, was pound- ed by artillery and mortars during the long days of the siege. When the attack started Thursday night, a field little bigger than a base- ball diamond remained in which, tbe defenders were concentrated. The Dien Bien Phu battle marked the first all-out frontal fighting that the war in Indochina has developed in its nearly eight years. The Communist-led Viet- minh hold areas spotted through- jut Indochina, but French Union forces still possess the main cities, Hanoi, Saigon and Haiphong. There has been speculation that a rebel success at Dien Bien Phu would pave tlie way for attacks on Hanoi, 180 miles to the east. Scores of planes supplied by the United States helped the French Union forces defend Dien Bien Phu, but no U.S. Air Force fliers participated. However, American civilian fliers employed by private concerns did participate in air drop operations, and only today two of these men were lost. Collapse Expected Laniel's announcement came to a country already steeled by the day's bad news to an impending collapse. Early in the attack, launched during the dark hours of Thursday night, the Vietminh swept over four outer strongpoints, seized the southwest corner of the fortress and held it. They then broke into the southeast and eastern sectors. Counenittacks were launched in a vain effort to block the rebels Erom making a juncture through the heart of the barbed wire for- tress.. Laniel's announcement made" it clear the effort had failed. "The government has just learned that Dien Bien Phu has >een submerged after 20 hours of uninterrupted Laniel told he National Assembly. Only the little fortress named about four miles to south, was reported still holding out.
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