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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 5, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Cool Tonight, Warmer Thursday NTNETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 140 Orphan Annie Nick Haliday 2 Big New Features SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 5, 1954 TWENTY-FOUR PACES This Gentleman, who gave his name as Arthur Perfit, and his address as 1188 Grand Concourse, Bronx, N. Y.. was ejected from the Army-McCarthy hearing in Washington today by Lt. Lewis Disney, of the Capitol Police, for creating s disi-jrbance. Claim- ing to be a "Super Service he thumbed his nose at the com- mittee and shouted "Think you're Flying Tigers, don't (UP Telephoto) West May Break Off Korean Talks By MAX HARRELSON GENEVA, Switzerland diplomats today were reported ready to break off the Korean phase of the Geneva conference once they are sure the Communists will not accept elections super- vised by the United Nations. The Korean talks have been recessed until Friday, thus giving dele- gates a chance to hold private consultations and clarify their positions. ----------------j The delegates also were busy paving the way for the Indochina phase of the conference, made I urgent by the worsening plight of French Union forces at Dien Bien Phu. With the Indochina talks prob- ably getting under way Friday, both issues will be discussed simultaneously for awhile. But in- formants said the Korean -confer- ence should end some time next TODAY Fight They For Us Indochina in Jy JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP these words are written, the perimeter of Dien Bien Phu surrounds a total area of hardly more than half a square mile. The Communist enemy holds the heights around the little bowl in the war-scarred jungle. His big guns, his mortars small and great, his lesser arms, all pour their un- ceasing fire into the narrow space of the is a fortress more by virtue of simple human courage than of barbed wire and earth works. The murderous, terrible fire has now gone on, with little slacken- ing, for so many weeks that day must follow day with none to count the time. By night, the attackers come on, screaming their battle cries, piling up on the barbed wire, fighting hand to hand with the defenders in the hot steaming darkness. By day, the enemy saps his way forward to the earthworks of the perimeter, to prepare his next at- tack. And the exhausted defend- ers throw up nfcv- earthworks; string new barbed wire, and pour out their blood in counterattacks, has week, presumably with no agree- ment. The 16 conference nations which fought in Korea under U.N. com- mand (South Africa is not attend- ing) are still working on a new detailed proposal for unification of the occupied, divided peninsula. The U.N. allies already have re- jected Communist-style elections proposed by North Korea. Many delegates already have written off the Korean parley as a failure and feel the Indochina question is the only problem which offers any prospect of successful results. Representatives of the Indochina states of Viet Nam, Laos and Cam- bodia were expected to arrive here tomorrow for the impending talks aimed at ending the seven-year war in the Far Eastern battle- ground. As soon as they arrive, French Ambassador Jean Chauvel will inform Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko and the Indochina talks can be arranged. However, French Foreign Min- ister Georges Bidault plans to confer with his Indochinese allies before they sit down with the other delegates. Both East and West were report- ed in full agreement that the opening s e s s i on on Indochina should include only the Big Four powers and Red China, Viet Nam, j McCarthy Letter Not True Copy Of Hoover Note Differences Explained to Senators WASHINGTON committee attorney today quoted FBI Direc- tor J. Edgar Hoover as saying the letter produced Tuesday by Sen. McCarthy, was not a true copy of one written by Hoover to the Army on Jan. 26, 1951. Robert A, Collier, a counsel for the Senate hearings into the Mc- Carthy-Army row, testified Hoover told him neither Hoover nor the FBI ever sent the Army a com- munication identical to the one brought out by McCarthy. McCarthy said Tuesday the let- ter, dated Jan, 26, 1951, was from Hoover to Maj. Gen. A. R, Boiling, then chief of army intelligence. The senator, questioning Secretary of the Army Stevens at the time, said the purported letter was one of a series of FBI warnings to the Army about possible subversion at Ft. Monmouth, N. J. McCarthy contended that the Army, under the past administra- tion and under Stevens, had ig- nored the warnings until the sena- tor's subcommittee started its in- vestigation of alleged subversion at Monmouth. When McCarthy produced the purported letter Tuesday, marked "Personal and C o n f i Army counsel Joseph N. Welch said McCarthy's possession of the paper appeared improper and per- haps illegal. Ray Jenkins, special counsel for the inquiry, was instructed to see if Hoover could identify the letter and advise whether it should be made public. Jenkins gave that assignment to Collier, and asked Collier today to recount his conference with Hoover. Earlier, Secretary Stevens had testified a search of Pentagon files failed to show any copy of the letter. Tuesday's session wound up in a whirl of excitement touched off by McCarthy's production of the le'tter. It raised a lot of cluding one from Sen. McClellan (D-Ark) as to whether "someone has violated the law." And most of the questions were left hanging when the subcommittee quit for the day. Collier said Hoover told him: "This letter produced yesterday (Tuesday) is not a carbon copy or copy of any communication pre- pared or sent by the FBI to Gen, Boiling Jan. 26, 1951 or any other date." However, Collier went on, Hoo- ver said the language in the letter produced by McCarthy was simi- lar in substance and in .some parts was identical to the language in a 15-page FBI document on the same subject and dated Jan. 26, 1951. He said Hoover felt that the FBI memorandum should not be made public without permission of Atty. Gen. Brownell. Hoover suggested, Collier said, that Brownell should rule on wheth- er the contents "can be made pub- lic in line with security require- ments." Collier recited, point by point, I what he described as differences i in the physical form of the two I one produced by McCarthy and the FBI memoran- dum. Collier testified that a copy .of to regain vital ground that been lost by night. Life and Death ________ _ Within the fortress, the weather andl'he "commu-j Carroll of the Air Force, and that is a life and death matter; for the nist.ied Vietminh. Five Vietminh the carbon didn't so show, heavy tropic rams have begun. rebel leaders arrived yesterday the original memorandum showed a copy went to Maj, Gen. Joseph and all depend upon air supply and air reinforcement. If the day dawns without too thick an over- cast, then the bombers will come to dive down on the enemy guns. The lumbering transports will vomit their cargoes of food and The Russians are understood to be planning a move at the initial meeting to include India, Burma, Thailand and Indonesia. Western sources said, however, they don't expect the Russians to ammunition and barbed wire and j Press this point. even men. French sources indicated Bi- The parachutes, scarlet and j dault's delegation may try to hold white, sulphur colored and pale "indirect" talks with Vietminh blue, float with foolish indecision delegates through the Soviets, through the air that smells of bat-! Such talks would be on a lower tie. The perimeter is so small, j level, the informant said. Even when the transports brave j The main Object would be to re- the A.A. fire to come in low, a I new efforts to a temporary Sen. Symington (D-Mo) suggest- ed that Collier be careful not to call the McCarthy document a "carbon copy." Symington said Collier ought to speak of it as "the alleged carbon copy." "I'd like to know who alleges this is a carbon McCarthy broke in. "We have never alleged this is a carbon copy." good many supplies go to the en- emy. But the desperate- ly needed can manipulate their shroud-lines (Continued on Page 11, Column 2.) ALSOPS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday. Con- tinued rather cool tonight, warmer Thursday. Low tonight 35, high Thursday 58. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 48; minimum, 33; noon, 48; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at (No. Central Observations) Twenty-four hour high, 50 at a.m. today; low, 39 at a.m. today; two layers of clouds, and visibility, 15 miles plus; wind, northwest at 23 miles an hour with gusts up to 30: baro- meter, 29.81, falling slowly; humid- ity, 49 per cent. truce to permit removal of sick and wounded at embattled Dien Bien Phu. State to Invest Million More In Short-Term Bonds ST. PAUL tfi The State In- vestment Board today authorized investment of another 10 milion dollars of idle treasurer's cash in I short term securities, I This brings the total of such I funds invested to The i investments yield interest as high as 2.5 per cent. The money involved has been raised for various state purposes. Under the law it may be invested at interest in specified types of safe securities until it is needed. The board also authorized pur- chase of in municipal and school bonds with money ac- cumulated in various retirement funds. These bonds will bring from 2.3 to 3.5 per cent interest. Hearings Hurt U.S. Abroad. Ike States Derailment Tears Up Tracks Near Big Falls BIG FALLS, Minn. Wl Traffic was expected to be restored late today over Northern Pacific tracks, torn up here late Tuesday by the derailment of the locomotive and several cars of a freight train. The derailment came at a grade crossing near the Big Falls depot when the pilot wheels of a large, mikado-type locomotive left the tracks. It plowed up a large footage of rails before toppling onto its side. No one was hurt. Also carried off the tracks were four cars and the forward caboose of the train, bound from Interna- tional Falls to the Twin Cities. Big Falls is in Koochiching County about 75 miles north of Bemidji. Sparkman Wins Renomination In Alabama BIRMINGHAM, Ala. Sen. John Sparkman, seeking renomi- Dien Bien Phu Preparing For All-Out Red Assault bama as Democratic vice presi- dential nominee in 1952, swept to an apparent victory in yesterday's party primary. A massive, perhaps unprecedent- ed turnout of voters, many of them newly registered under a relaxed poll tax law, gaVe the 54-year-old Sparkman a steadily widening Legion of Honor Awarded Only Woman in Fort By LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina (Si French and Vietminh artillery fought more thundering duels today as the weary French Union forces braced for another Communist- led assault on Dien Bien Phu's diminishing defenses. The French high command said calm" prevailed last night at the northwest Indochina fortress after yesterday's savage which resulted in the fall and brought the rebels still closer to the bastion's vital core. The French tried desperately to retake the position west of the gar- rison, but their commander, Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, finally called off the counterassault when it became evident he could not push back the attackers outnum- bering his men 10-1. A French spokesman expressed belief the rebels would launch next big push sometime former Gov. James E. ran far ahead in the race for the nomination for governor despite accusations of misconduct during his first term. The 6-foot-8 insurance man, whose antics gained him nation- wide publicity and the nickname of "Kissing moved within range of a majority of all votes Since Saturday, the Vietminh Folsom, have taken four strongpoints in cast in the seven-man race. French Unofficial returns from of I "Long live the shriveling defenses and part of a fifth. In human waves they surged against the barbed wire barricades in a furious attempt to break through to the bastion's heart. Rebel volunteers of death blast- ed the barricades with nitrogly- cerine, then hurled themselves on guns with shouts of Ho Chi Minh" and boxes gave Sparkman I "Death to the French." votes in the Senate contest to, The French, supported by blaz- for his nearest and most j ;ng tank guns, countercharged critical opponent, Rep. Laurie Bat- tle of Birmingham. Retired Adm. John Crommelin, whose feud with the Air Force and persistent outspoken criticism of nationwide defense policies got him sidelined by the Navy in 1950, was third with and 75-year old William C. Irby Sr., who ad- vocated a vast government give- away program financed with cheap money, ran last with Folsom had votes for a second term as governor against a combined total for all six oppo- nents of only It gave him approximately 45 per cent of the total vote. Unless he did win a clear major- ity, Folsom would face a runoff June 1 with the second-place can- didate, State Sen, Jimmy Faulk- ner of Bay Ninette, a political newcomer who became a strong contender almost overnight with a radio-television marathon. In six weeks he estimated he spent hours on the air. Faulkner had votes; Lt. Gov. James B. Allen for- mer State Sen. Bruce Henderson Jack Owen, president of the Public Service Commission, former State Docks Direc- tor Henry Sweet and Win- ston Gullatte, another insurance man, bayonets but were too great- ly outnumbered. Dien Bien Phu is now split into i two sections the main cer.ter i commanded directly by De Castries and the southern outpost "Isabelle." whose artillery has been a major protection for the central bastion. The rebels succeeded in seizing several emplacements fringing Isabelle in their weekend attack but have not been able to reduce its damaging fire power. Latest reports from the main bastion said the garrison's morale Dwight Eiienhower, picking a rose in the White House garden, gives it to Mrs. Love McDuffie Tolbert who has been named the 1954 American Mother of the Year. Mrs. Tolbert is from Columbus, Ga. (AP Wirephoto) still is high despite the incessant are headed for pounding they have been taking." Dickenson Given Ten-Year Sentence WASHINGTON Edward S. Dickenson faced 10 years in prison today after his conviction on collaborating-with-the-enemy charges in a case that may set a precedent for Army handling of other Americans under suspicion for their conduct while war prison- ers in Korea. An eight-man Army court-martial yesterday returned a guilty verdict on charges that Dickenson, a 23-year-old farm boy from Crack- er's Neck, Va., dealt unlawfully with his Red Chinese captors and informed the Reds about the es- cape plans of a buddy, former Pfc. Edward M. Gaither of Phila- delphia. The court reached its decision after more than 10 hours of de- liberation, then retired and nearly an hour later brought in a sen- tence of 10 years in prison at hard labor and a dishonorable dis- charge. Dickenson could have drawn life imprisonment. The court's verdict and sentence The French news agency said the Legion of Honor has been awarded to the only woman at Dien Bien Phu Genevieve de Galard. The nurse got the news in a telephone call from Gen. Rene Cogny, chief of union land forces in northern Indochina. Miss de Galard was stranded in the fortress when Vietminh ar- tillery destroyed the hospital plane that had brought her in. De Castries conferred the decoration on her in a ceremony in his com- mand dugout but the presenta- tion was only symbolic. No Legion cross could be found in the fortress. Genevieve De Galard Terraube, 29-year-old' French air force nurse, has been the only woman tending the wounded in the battered bastion of Dien Bien Phu. At left, she stands near rocks and fortifications of the fortress. At right is a closeup. (AP Wirephoto) board of review. Dickenson's law- yer, Guy Emery, said he would appeal, if that board does not re- verse the court-martial action. Air Force Clears Men A few hours after the Dickenson court-martial had returned its findings, the Air Force announced it would not lodge court-martial charges against 83 of its men who allegedly made false germ warfare confessions or were suspected of misconduct camps while in Red prison Half Million Eggs Lost in Hatchery Fire at Minneota MINNEOTA, Minn. A half million eggs in incubators were destroyed Tuesday night when flames swept the Kerr Hatchery Co. here with loss set by Dr. E. J. Kerr, the owner, at about Firemen from Ghent, Marshall, Taunton, Porter and Canby were summoned before the fire wast brought under control. Water was pumped from a nearby creek when the community supply failed mo- mentarily under the heavy drain. Several employes in the building when the blaze started fled safely. The fire was believed to have The" Air Force cleared 69 officers started in an incubation room and airmen of all taint, but it held I warmed by a gas heater. that 14 others must show cause Voices Support Of Dulles Plan For Asian NATO Tells Reporters He's Backing Stevens to Limit By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON un Eisenhower said today the United States has suffered a loss of inter- national prestige as a result of the row between Senator McCarthy and the Army. His assertion was made at i news conference at which Eisen- hower also issued a formal state- ment declaring his unqualified sup- port for Secretary of State Dulles and for Dulles' efforts to form a united front against Communism in Southeast Asia. On these two main subjects, the President told newsmen: He knows of nothing which would cause him to lose confidence in Secretary of the Army Stevens so far as adminis- tration .of the Army Department's business is concerned. On that basis, Eisenhower said emphatically, he backs Stevens to the limit. Statement Recalled A reporter reminded Eisenhower that he had expressed the hope at his news conference last week.that the Senate inquiry would be ended quickly. The newsman added that only Tuesday the Army counsel at the hearing objected to a Republican proposal to cut the hearings short. The President was asked, whether in his opinion, there was any administration conflict there and if he still favored a quick con- clusion of the investigation. Eisenhower eaid it was true that he had talked last week about con- cluding the hearings. And, he add- ed with a smile more attention had been given at the time to his man- ner in making the statement than to what he said. This time, the President said, he was going to be careful about how he looked in discussing the McCar- thy-Army inquiry. The President then went on to say that in expressing the hope the bearing would be quickly con- cluded he meant there should be effective answers on the main is- sues of the dispute, and participa- tion by the principals. Loss in Prestige Eisenhower then said he wanted to say one more thing on the mat- ter, and suggested he might bar further questions on the subject. Speaking solemnly and with great emphasis, the President said his only hope now is that America may derive from the hearings ad- vantages which, as he put it, may- be comparable to what we have suffered in international prestige and injury to national self respect. The President's conference cov- ered a wide range of other topics, among them: Dr. Kerr said the 100 by 70 foot why they should be allowed to re-1 incubation structure was a total main in uniform. jloss, only partially covered by in- Dickenson remained silent, his surance. eyes cast down, when the court- Firemen saved two martial verdict was returned. But i buildings, one of them housing ilaw are not violated, he said, the Emery called the decision "a trav-jOOO live chickens. Minneota is of the states in such fields esty He said the young soldier southwestern Minnesota, 13 miles as preservation of health and keep- northeast of Marshall. Taft-Hartley law amendments: The President said he has not had a chance to study an amendment proposed by Sen. Goldwater (R- Ariz) designed to give the states greater control over labor-manage- ment relations. So long as the adjoining rignt5 assured in the Taft-Hartley siilf? Ififl.- ciiH esty had faced a "stacked deck." Dickenson's trial was the first ever held under a section of the Military Code of Justice which makes it a crime for a U. S serviceman to give an enemy in- formation for use against a prison comrade. The Army reportedly has been investigating other former Ameri- can prisoners of the Reds, men dubbed "Progressives" by other POWs, for allegedly cooperating with their Red captors. The Dick- enson case was regarded as a test, which might determine the Army's course of action in like cases. Dickenson and Cpl. Claude J Batchelor of Kermit, Tex., first decided to remain with the Reds when a truce was declared ajong the Korean fighting front. Later, they changed their minds and re- turned to U. S control. Twenty-one other GIs elected to stay with the Reds and have vanished behind the "Bamboo Curtain" In Army Custody Batchelor is in Army custody in San Antonio, Tex. Like Dicken- son, he is charged with improper conduct while a POW. Revolt Reported In Paraguay BUENOS AIRES, Argentina A Paraguayan radio broadcast said today a cavalry division has revolted against Paraguay's gov- ernment. The broadcast said other troops and police had rallied to the defense of the administration. Other advices reaching here from Asuncion said rioting had broken out in the city and the gov- ernment had declared a state of siege throughout the nation. Paraguayan President Federieo Chaves, 74, was inaugurated last Aug. 15 for a 5-year term. He pre- viously served almost four years of the unexpired term of ousted President Molas Lopez. Recent pob'tical calm had con- trasted sharply with the preceding 20-month period, which saw four presidents come and go. ing the peace should not be inter- fered with. Democratic Conference: Eisen- hower .said with a smile he hasn't been invited to the Democratic party conference opening here to- day with former President Tru-. man and other top party officials in attendance. Farm Program: The President said he had never heard of reports to him by a newsman he was willing to accept a one-year extension of the present law providing for government price support of basic farm commodities at 90 per cent of parity. That law is scheduled to expire at the end of the year, and the President has recommended a switch to a flex- ible price support program in place of the rigid 90 per cent. Eisenhower again refused to speculate as to whether he might approve or veto a bill calling for continuance of the present pro- gram. Business Conditions: At present, Eisenhower declared, there is a preponderance of favorable signs for business, as compared with the unfavorable indications, in the pic- ture.
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