Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - May 4, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Not So Cold Tonight, Warmer Wednesday Orphan Annie Nick Haliday 2 Big New Features NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 139 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 4, 1954 TWENTY PAGES Red Delegates Reach Geneva for Indo Talks Russia's Andrei Gromyko, left, and Red China's Chou En-lai, right, greet Pham Van Dong, center, head of a five-man Vietminh delegation which arrived in Geneva, Switzerland, today from Mos- cow for the Indochina peace talks. The talks are expected to be- gin as soon as the official delegations of Viet Nam, Cambodia and Laos arrive. (UP Telephoto) Defenses Crumbling At Dien Bien Phu By LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina their massive infantry assault on Dien Bien Phu, the Communist-led Vietminh captured a new French strongpoint today on the western side of the Indochina fortress. besieged northwest A French high command announcement here said the battered French Union defenders inside the crumbling defenses immediately launched a strong counterattack. "Bitter combat now is under the French communique Injunction Halts Cargill Trading In Oats Futures way, said. But the French high command communique today indicated the rebel renewal, at least in its initial stage, might be of less magnitude than the all-out attack which be- gan Saturday night and was sus- pended the next day. The communique said Commu- nist Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap had launched his black-clad troops at a c-lkey position on the western side Parley Expected To Start Tomorrow Or Thursday By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA, Switzerland tft-A five man Vietminh delegation arrived here by plane from Moscow today to begin talks aimed at ending the seven-year-old Indochina war. The delegation of Indochinese rebels, headed by graying Deputy Premier-Foreign Minister Pham Van Dong, was met at the airport by an impressive array of Com munist dignitaries. Among those on hand to greet them were Rus- sia's Deputy Foreign Minister An- drei Gromyko, Red China's Premier-Foreign Minister Chou En-lai and North Korean Foreign Minister Nam II. In a statement after he stepped from the plane, Pham said the Vietminh delegation was "disposed to continue all its efforts toward peaceful solution of the Indochina question." Pham shook hands first with Chou and after a round of greet- ings, drove off in the Chinese diplomat's limousine. The Indochina parley is expected to start either tomorrow or Thursday. Representatives of the Associ- ated States of Indochina Viet Nam, Laos and Cambodia were still in Paris. But they can get here in little more than an hour by plane once a starting time for the talks is set. Make Up Conference These four delegations to- gether with representatives of the Big Four and Red China will make up the conference, which will seek to end the bitter jungle fighting in Indochina. First, however, the group will decide whether other countries will be invited to take part. A Soviet source said Russian Foreign Minis- ter V. M. Molotov would propose that India, Burma, Thailand and Indonesia be added. Observers said this might only be a gesture. The United States is anxious to keep the conference limited. The Soviet informant said Molotov was not prepared to insist on. bringing, in..-other countries if this jeopardized the parley. Apparently the Russians are quite content that they were able to get the Vietminh seated in the talks. In Moscow, the Communist Sen. Sparkman's Future at Stake in Alabama Today Four Other States Holding Primaries By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Five states hold primaries today with national attention focused pri- marily on Alabama, where Demo- cratic Sen, John J. Sparkman's political future is at stake, and on Ohio, where Rep. George H. Bender seeks the Republican Sen- ate nomination. Bender, whose home is in Cleve- .and, is opposed by William Saxbe of Mechanicsburg, speaker of the Dhio House of Representatives, for Jie GOP nomination for the re- naming two years of the term of Mass Lie Detector Tests Set LA CROSSE, Wis. Mass-lie detector tests involving perhaps -several thousand male students and teachers are planned here in an effort to uncover new evidence in the missing baby-sitter case. The La Crosse Board of Educa- tion approved Monday night a re quest by Dist, Atty. John Boss- hard for cooperation in the tests to be given on a voluntary basis in the hopes of finding clues in the disappearance last October of 15- year-old Evelyn Hartley. Bosshard said similar assur- ances of cooperation had been giv- en by administrators of La Crosse Aquinas High School, a Catholic institution; the Vocational and Adult Educational School; and La Crosse State College. There are two public high schools tral and Logan. The tests will be given by the party organ Pravda hailed the agreement to invite the Vietminh as a "new defeat for American policy." MINNEAPOLIS An injunc-, tion was issued today by Federal! of the French Union garrison's] The rapid progress made in Judge Gunnar H. Nordbye prohibit-! hedgehog defenses, ing Cargill, Inc., Minneapolis, one From All Sides of the largest grain firms in the world, and its chief Canadian sub- sidiary, Cargill Grain Co. Ltd., Winnipeg, from trading in oats futures from May 14, 1954, to the end of this year. George E, MacKinnon, U.S. Dist. setting up the 1'ndochinese phase of the conference caught many Atty. filed a complaint alleging I northeastern approaches to the Cargill and its Canadian corpora-i command headquarters of Brig, tion engaged in "manipulation" Gen, Christian de Castries. The last attack had come from delegates by surprise. They had all sides of the hemmed-in fortress, now reduced to less than a mile across. Before the rebels halted their wild charges Sunday, they overran French strongpoints guarding the western, eastern and and "excessive speculation" in oats futures. Cargill agreed to entry of judg- ment without any trial immediately after filing of the complaint. Mac- Kinnon explained it did this to avoid the appearance of "placing Today's communique made no mention of any attack other than from the west, one of the areas in which the rebels .scored Saturday night and Sunday. The French said the Vietminh legions returned to the attack themselves in a position of shortly after midnight, charging in antagonism with the United States! full force against the western sec- government." tor of the hard-pressed garrison. Cargill has offices in every j Savage hand-to-hand fighting principal city in the United States raged throughout the night. As and in major cities of a number dawn broke over the muddy plain, of foreign countries. I the battle still was in progress. The injunction directs Cargill toi The Vietminh followed their usu- treat all transactions with its tactic of battering the crum- sidianes relating to oats futures bling defenses with human tidal as the actions of the Cargill com-j waves. The advancing columns Panv- i pressed so closely together that An administrative proceeding is; any gaps in ranks were qujckiy pending in Washington before theifjuctj. I in the footsteps of Thomas Jeffer- Commodity Exchange The attackers hurled plastic con-i son and Andrew Jackson, which has charged Cargill engaged tainers of nitroglycerine at the I The Democratic party traces its in "manipulations" and "excessive barbed wire defenses expected much more East-West bargaining on the procedure and composition of the parley. In Paris, the French Cabinet voiced satisfaction today that agreement had been reached here to open the Indochina talks. Most observers had expected the question of Red China's status to delay or even deadlock the con- ference. It now looks as though the question will not be raised formally at all. GOP Following Lead Of Democratic Party Founders, Says Hall WASHINGTON Republican National Chairman Leonard Hall claimed today that the the Democratic following Cleveland mayor now holding Taft's former seat by appointment, has no opposition for the Demo- cratic nomination. He will face he Bender-Saxbe winner in the November general election. A light vote was forecast in Ohio. But in Alabama advance predic- ions were that a record o votes would turn out fter heated campaigns for Senate and governor nominations. Others In Race Sparkman is facing the voters or the first time since he was running mate of Adlai E. Steven- on on the national Democratic ticket in 1952. Rep. Laurie Battle, who gave up his House seat to chal- lenge Sparkman, has accused the senator of seeking to carry "water on both shoulders" on the civil rights issue. Others in the race include fired Adm. John G. Crom- melin, a central figure in an Air Force-Navy row in Washington. Jim Folsom is trying to win the Democratic gubernatorial nomina- tion in a comeback against seven opponents. Also at stake in Ala- bama are three contested congres- sional nominations and a number of state offices. Indiana voters were choosing nominees for 11 House seats and for state offices. In Florida, there was a contest for the nomination for governor, to fill an unexpired term of the late Gov. Dan Mc- Carthy, and for eight house seats and a number of state offices. In New Mexico, Republicans were The Harley girl was a sopho- more at Central High when she vanished from a baby-sitting job last fall. She was the daughter of a college professor. Knowland Will Support Troops For Indochina WASHINGTON tfl-Senate Re- publican Leader Knowland of Cali- fornia says he _would give his "fullest support" if President Eis- enhower should ask Congress to choosing nominees for governor and for two House seats. Chief attention in Indiana cen- tered on an intraparty contest for control of the state Republican or- ganization now controlled by U.S. Sen. Homer Capehart and William E. Jenner. Gov. George N. Craig, challeng- ing that control, hoped to win enough friendly precinct commit- teemen to pave the way for even- tual control of the state organiza- of Asia. Joseph W. Martin holds that such action "will not be necessary." Knowland said in an interview last night that he would spearhead a Senate drive for such approval, should the President decide direct intervention is necessary. Martin, in a speech prepared for a Troy, N.Y., GOP dinner last night, did not specifically mention Indochina. He anti-Communist Asiatic nations "have the man- power to win their freedom if they receive the material and moral support of the free-world nations." The Martin talk was canceled after his Washington office an- nounced that bad weather pre- vented him from flying to Troy. Knowland said of the possibility that Eisenhower might ask for authority to send troops to Indo- china: "I will give him my fullest sup- port. I do believe Indochina is the key to Southeast Asia and South- east Asia is the key to the balance Hearing Set To Bitter End Brian Hill, expelled charge d'affaires of the Australian em- bassy in Moscow, carries his child down the steps of the train following arrival in Helsinki, Finland, from Leningrad. Nine mem- bers of the embassy made the train journey from Russia. Their departure resulted from the break in relations between the two countries. (AP Wirephoto) tion. on House Racti The GOP leader stressed that he had no hint that Eisenhower f TT j, llc llau 11U U111L LIldL .CjlaellUUWCI As far as House seats go the might be preparing to ask Con, Phipr intprocr ujfjc nn rho tirtht in r _ _ that it made false reports. MacKinnon explained that roots and principles back to those two early 19th century U. S. presi dents. Noting that the "season of Jef ferson-Jackson day celebrations is again upon Hall said in an open letter to Democratic Nation- al Chairman Stephen Mitchell: "We feel, regretfully, that the ,_. LU Democratic party during the past nadian operations directly within race over the rain-soaked battle-120-odd years has somehow lost speculation" contrary to rules and i The French fought back desper- regulations of the commission and ately. Wave after wave of rebel attackers were raked by murder- machine-gun and artillery fire, injunction suit is 'much oroader" j but .stm they came on. Tne French than the administrative proceeding met the rebels at the barricades and that it is "vif1--------....... in these two respe 1 The injunction brings the Ca- j todTuYYThort distance" to "vitally important" with savage bayonet thrusts. }SpeClS: Tt ivac plncA.miarfnr aptmr It was close-quarter action. The the jurisdiction of the United States courts. 2. The injunction prohibits the defendants and "all others con- trolled by them" subsidiaries or persons from using the Com- modity Exchange markets in oats futures from May li to the end of the year. Madison Attorney Seeks Nomination For Governorship MADISON wv-James E, Doyle, 39, Madison attorney and former Democratic state chairman, an- nounced today he would be a can- didate for the Democratic nomina- field to come to grips with the sight of certain basic Jeffer.sonian tion for Doyle, ;overnor. currently national co- chairman of Americans for Demo- cratic Action, is the second to an- nounce as a candidate for gover- nor on the Democratic ticket. The other announced candidate is William Proxmire of Blooming Grove, the Democratic governor defenders. The latest attack was preceded last night by the usual -stepup in the constant rain of rebel mortar and artillery fire on the shrunken fortress defenses. The rebels also kept up a constant digging of trenches in the areas from which they had driven the French Union forces. Both sides had rushed in rein- forcements and supplies during the lull in the fighting. American supplied transports roared in to parachute more men and tons of war materiel as soon as the Vietminh charges suspend- ed. The new troops included nearly 150 men who had volunteered to aid their battle-weary comrades, French pilots spotted hundreds of Russian-made Molotov trucks moving into the rebel encamp- ments in the hills encircling Dien Bien Phu, bringing fresh troops and Chinese-supplied food and am- munition for the besieging legions. Heavy rainstorms late yesterday grounded the French warplanes, halting their desperate bombing and Jacksonian tenets The nominee in 1952 and former Demo-1 and strafing attacks on the Viet- cratic assemblyman from Danejminh concentrations and supply County, convoys. Republican party is proud to fol- low in their footsteps, particularly with respect to economy, lower taxes, decentralization and great- er individual freedom." WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 43; minimum, 28, noon, 43; precipitation, .04 sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and not quite so cool tonight. Wednes- day fair and warmei. Low tonight 35, high Wednesday 52. AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) High temperature the last 24 hours was 44, at noon today. Low 34 at p.m. Monday. There -was a broken layer of clouds at feet, visibility 15 miles plus. The wind was from the west at 25 miles an hour with gusts up to 32 m.p.h. Barometer 29.82, steady. Humidity 53 per cent. chief interest was on the fight in the 9th District, where Rep. Earl Wilson faces State Sen. Ed Whit- comb for the GOP nomination. In Florida, Acting Gov. Charley E. Johns is opposed for the Demo- cratic governor nomination by Le- roy Collins and Brailey Odham. Two are seeking the GOP nomina- tion: J. Tom Watson and Charles E. Compton. In New Mexico, Democratic Sen. Clinton P. Anderson and Republi- can Gov. Edwin L. Mechem have no opposition for their parties' Senate nominations. Nor do Demo- cratic Representatives John J. Dempsey and Antonio M. Fernan- dez. Seeking two GOP House nom- inations are Warren R. Cobean, Thomas H. Childers and Joseph Rendon. The two with the most votes get the party bids. Two Republicans, Holm 0. Bur- son and Alvin Stockton, are con- testing for the GOP nomination for governor and the right to oppose Democrat John Simms Jr., gress for such approval. He said he was "speaking on his own responsibility." Knowland said it was his feeling that the French and British are ready to give in to Comunist pressure at the Geneva confer- ence, raising the possibility of what he termed a far eastern "Munich." The Californian said he did not consider that Secretary of State Dulles has failed at Geneva, but that Dulles has performed "a mis sion of tremendous value to th United States.' "We found out which associate are prepared to stand up and b he said. Digger Crawls Out Of Grave and Dies Mo. Bal lance, 56, crawled Out of a grav he had helped dig at the loca cemetery, complained of a painfu Surprise Amendment Perils T-H Changes WASHINGTON surprise a n t i d i scrimination amendment threatened today to snarl Senate action on a bill to revise the Taft- Hartley labor relations act. Chairman H. Alexander Smith of the Senate Labor Com mittee predicted a filibuster by Southern Democrats if the amende ment is called up. Sen. Lehman served notice on the Senate that he would "do anything in my power to bring this proposal to a vote." Lehman's amendment caught the Senate by surprise yesterday as it opened debate, on the revision bill, aimed at carrying out most of President Eisenhower's labor recommendations. As drafted, the Lehman proposal Dickenson Guilty would make it an unfair labor practice for either an employer or a union to discriminate against any worker "because of race, creed, color, national origin or an- cestry." Sen. Ives had ready a similar amendment. The Senate operates under rules permittingStunlimited debate and Plan to Trim Number of Witnesses Fails No Magic Formula For Shortening Committee Quiz WASHINGTON to confine the McCarthy-Army hear- ing to testimony by Sen. Mc- Carthy and Secretary Stevens col- lapsed today. Chairman Mundt announced the public in- quiry would proceed as scheduled to the bitter end Mundt said the subcommittee investigating the controversy had explored in closed meetings Mon- day night and today "every honor- able way" to shorten the hearings, and rejected "every dishonorable way." But he said all efforts to arbl- rate the dispute and agree on a narrowing down of charges and witnesses had failed to bring igreement among all the parties :oncerned. Mundt estimated the hearings might last two or three weeks onger. With Mundt's statement, individ- ual members of the subcommittee :poke up to explain their personal lews. This consumed the greater of the forenoon session. It was a.m. (CST) when the irst question was put to Stevens, iaek in the witness chair for the ninth day. The committee had convened at :48 a.m. A closed meeting to dis- cuss a possible 'speed up" lasted past the scheduled a.m. re- sumption of public hearings. Mundt made his announcement after Sen. Dirksen (R-I11) had pro- posed that testimony be confined to the secretary of the Army and Sen. McCarthy. Southern senators havp used this Dirksen said he was taking up right in the past to prevent civil rights legislation from reaching a vote. Smith said it would be "most difficult" to round up enough Re- publican votes to convice Southern Democrats that the Lehman pro- posal could be defeated and thus win their consent to a vote. He a suggestion made Monday by Joseph N. Welch, special counsel for the Army in the scrap. Welch had said he would be con- tent to rest his case with Stevens and McCarthy, and "at most" two more witnesses. Suggestion Misconstrued Today Welch intimated that his said many Republicans would be suggestion had been misconstrued, reluctant to go on record against He would insist, he said, on call- an antidiscrimination amendment in an election year. Before the Senate can take up Lehman's amendment, it must dis- pose of a controversial "states rights" amendment by Sen. Gold- water and a motion by Senate Labor Committee Demo- who has no primary opposition. 1 cramp, collapsed and died. Lr': A Hungry Mothtr robin wears a glum look as she hugs her snow-rimmed nest to keep the eggs warm after a January-like snowstorm struck Minnesota, The storm prevented mother robin's angleworm search as it deposited as much as 18 inches of snow in the state. Temperatures fell as low as 21 above zero. (AP Wirephoto) Delay Sentence WASHINGTON w Arm court martial today convicted Cp Edward S, Dickenson of collaboral ing with the Chinese Co_mmunist and with informing on his buddie while a prisoner of war in Korea The verdict was returned by board of eight high ranking Arm. officers who had deliberated fo 10% hours, a time regarded b court officials as the longest eve in military history. Sentencing was delayed pendh a hearing on mitigating and ex tenuating circumstances as re quired in military law. Dickenson, 23, from Cracker's Neck, Va., was the first man to be tried under a new militar code provision which makes it a crime to supply the enemy with information that leads to mistreat ment of fellow prisoners of war He spent years in a Cc-m- munist POW camp in North Ko rea. He was one of 23 POWs who at first refused repatriation bu' and one other later returned to the United States. U.S. Looks to Foreign Markets To Sell Butter WASHINGTON govern- ment appeared today to be looking o foreign than to omestic an outlet or most of its 350-miIlion-pound tock of surplus butter. Wilbur G. Carlson, Agriculture )epartment expert in charge of oreign market developments for ivestock and dairy products, said n an interview the government Iready has potential overseas markets for 150 million pounds. Secretary of Agriculture Benson >Id a news conference yesterday lat negotiations are under way for ale of some 40 million pounds to Britain, crats to send the bill committee. Introduction of the ing Roy M. Cobn, McCarthy com- mittee counsel, and Francis P. Carr, McCarthy's staff director. Welch said he fully concurred in the belief that the hearings could be shortened by terminating Ste- vens' testimony and calling Mc- Carthy next, but he made clear he back to was not withdrawing his right to question Cohn and Carr. Lehman This brought a contention by Mc- amendment spurred Northern Carthy that Welch appeared to be Democrats' hopes of winning I "welshing" on his proposal of Mon- Southern Democratic support for day. their recommittal motion. One in-1 A few minutes earlier, Stevens fluential Southern Democrat, de- clining to be quoted by name, said such a motion would have a 50-50 chance. Senate debate on, the Gqldwater proposal gave rise to considerable confusion over its probable effect. Goldwater himself acknowledged some uncertainty as to how far it would go in giving states control over labor-management matters. At one point he said his amend- ment could permit a state to forbid collective bargaining between an employer and a union, a cardinal "right" under the federal Taft- had said he personally thought "every fact and every witness" should be brought out. Welch told the committee that he had conferred with special com- mittee counsel Ray H. Jenkins this morning and "We were unable to invent a magic formula for short- ening the hearings." "First, la-st and always we must always plow' the long Welch stated firmly. McCarthy said he would accept the Dirksen proposal to end the hearings after Stevens' and Mc- Carthy's testimony if it were clear Hartley law. Later he said he i that such action would not dismiss thought his plan could allow states i the charges he had made against to forbid strikes and compel ar- bitration to settle labor disputes. But he also said his amendment could not allow an employer or a union to take away any of the 'rights" of employes as spelled out in the Taft-Hartley law. One of these is the right to strike. H. Struve Hensel, a-ssistant secre- tary of defense, and these charges possibly could be considered later. "If the proceedings are to McCarthy said, "the Hensel matter will be a very important element in the case so far as motives are concerned." New Orleans Market Robbed of NEW ORLEANS the store, estimated the loss at police joined Jefferson to in checks cans arish authorities today in an in- ensive search for masked bandits ,vho staged a supermarket obbery. Police Capt. Joseph Brisebois aid he and six detectives were -orking on the case at the request f Jefferson Parish authorities. Bandits overpowered the night early yesterday at the chwegmann Bros, supermarket and to in cash. Schwegmann said the store was not insured and was not equipped with a burglar alarm system. The checks were all stamped with "Schwegmann's" on the back, he said, and could not be cashed. They represented the weekend re- ceipts. Thomas Alfano, operator of a jewelry concession at the store, said the bandits took nearly ust outside of New Orleans, looted I in watches, diamond rings and A-O safes and took considerable cash from his in merchandise. John Schwegmann Jr., a partner cash and about worth of watches and rings.