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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 30, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Colder Light Rain Tonight; Coid Saturday Follow Nick Haliday on Back Page Daily NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 136 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 30, 1954 TWENTY-FOUR PAOiS Russia Seeks Parley Role fo r The Seifert Quads, children of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Seifert, Sleepy Eye, Minn., size up big "4" that will decorate their home for their fourth Upturn in Spring Business Reported By SAM DAWSON CHICAGO Ul threw a roadblock in the path of the re cession. Businessmen are hoping today that in May the economy will try to regain a little of the lost ground. They are looking at April reports and May (signposts for the nation ai a wJrole, rather than for just this or any other one region. For many industries like saw a slowing of the-.rate of decline which started about a year ago. For ethers like autos April brought a revival of business, as expected in the spring. A fsiw like textiles found the going rougher and production and em- ployment declining. Let's look at some of the hopes for May. Merchants are counting on a fairly steady stream of consumer dollars in the nation as a whole. Despite the toll from loss of over- time by most workers, shorter work weeks for many and even unemployment for a sizable num- ber, store sales on a national ba- sis have held close to a year ago. Income tax cuts increased take- home pay ,for many persons, and excise tax cuts lowered prices on some goods. Paying Off Old Consumers as a whole have been paying off their old debts faster than they've been taking on new i ones. Interest rates in general are It will probably be officially de-1 easing and Maj, see more TODAY Indochina 1st Crisis For Ike 5y JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON .force of American carriers has been on sta- tion in'the Gulf of Tonkin, within convenient striking range, since the critical Indochinese battle of Dien Bien Phu began to move toward its climax. nied, but the carriers were o course ordered to the scene for us if need be. They are there to pro vide immediate air support for Dien Bien Phu's defenders, if they ordered to do so by the t'residen and the National Security Council That is the simplest measure of th ig item in today's economy) have jeen slower this year, but some :ee signs that the government's cash will flow a little more freely May and June. Inventories have been a prime arget for many industries. April s brtlieved to ihave racked up more gains for the whittlers. Belated Easter retail trade lelped and if May sales go as now loped, the stores will be reorder- the relief of factories whose rder books have been light. Many manufacturers, in turn, re now thought to have got their own raw material inventories into better shape at last, and should soon be reordering from primary producers. House Approves Big Money Bill Unanimously Asks Billion For Defense; Curb On Ike Rejected By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST 'WASHINGTON bigges money bill of the billio dollars for h a 1 through its congressional journe today with the unanimous and a most dispute-free endorsement ie House. What controversy there was n volved mainly around a nonfinan cial matter: an effort to limit th President's authority with respec to American troop movemenl abroad. And this was knocke down yesterday on a 214-37 stand ing vote. Then the congressmen sent th big measure to the Senate by ro call, Lets Thin Asked The provided L the annual Defense Department ap iropriation bill is ess than President Eisenhowe asked. It will give the "military a: estimated includin. carry-over funds from previou years, for the fiscal year startin, next July 1. Displaying but little interest in the actual money allotments, th House followed the recommenda tions of its appropriations com mittee in all but one instance. gave the Army an extra to keep in operation the Murphj General Hospital at Waltham Mass. Most attention was devoted to HANOI, Indochina Iff) French 'proposal by Rep. Coudert (R-NY pilots flying American supplied birthday Monday. Ixrft to right are Michael, Monica, Marie and Martha. (AP photo) French Planes Blast Reds as Rains Subside By LARRY ALLEN fighters and bombers roared out anew under clearing skies today to blast Vietminh concentrations ringing Dien Bien Phu. Transport planes resumed their missions of reinforcement. The French high command announced that more parachute troops, am- munition and other war material dad been dropped to the fortress. French commandos made new raids to destroy rebel gun positions and arms caches set up near de- fense barricades, but no impor- tant infantry fight was under way. All rebel attempts to infiltrate into the main French defense posi- tions were hammered back Thurs- day night and early today. A French communique tersely des- :ribed the situation at the em- >attled stronghold as "relatively Vietminh heavy mortars and ar- iilery continued to pump hundreds of shells into the email patch of French defenses. Answering fire rom French guns was centered on encampments of the Communist- ed rebels in forested hills en- circling the bastion. The French lit also at truck convoys arriving rom Red China with fresh ammu- nition and supplies for the besieg- ing thousands. Fortress commander Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries sent out more commando units during the night to destroy Vietminh gun em- lacements and arms depots on the rim of the Dien Bien Phu laia. In the fast strikes, the raid- rs broke through Vietminh lines nd captured a number of prison- rs for questioning. In earlier lashes in the critical northwestern ector, the French Union forces eported killing at least 70 Viet- minh soldiers. letup in the monsoon rains for a ban on use of U. S. military forces abroad without the consen of Congress, except in defense o nations bound to. this country bj mutual security agreements or lowing a formal declaration o war. Coudert said he wanted to maki certain that U. S. troops aren' sent to Indochina without the ap prpval of Congress. Since the ad ministration has said it doesn' intend to send troops to tha French area, Coudert said, i shouldn't object to the limitation Opposed Amendment But Eisenhower, at his news eon ference yesterday morning, spoke out against the amendment before the House voted, and his House leader, Rep. Halleek of Indiana led the fight against it. Halleck and other administration leaders in the House called the amendment unnecessary and un- wise and said it amounted to no- ifying potential enemies in ad vance where the United States would or would not fight. Eisen- ]ower said any artificial restrain) on his power to send troops any- where in the world could not fail o damage his flexibility in trying :o protect the United States. State Traffic Deaths Rise, Nation's Drop MINNEAPOLIS ever-mounting toll of highway deaths reversed a national trend for the first three months of 1954. Nationally, there were traf- fic fatalities up to the end of March, a drop of four per cent from the total for the first quarter of 1953. Minnesota recorded 133 highway fatalities, opposed to only 103 in 1953, an increase of 29 per cent. Sen. McCarthy Says Aide Cropped Picture of Schine Disputed Photo Handled by James Juliana WASHINGTON Juli- ana, an investigator for the Mc- Carthy committee, testified today he ordered the printing of a con- troversial "cropped" photograph showing Secretary of the Army Stevens and Pvt. G. David Schine alone. He acknowldged the print was from a more extensive picture showing also Air Force Col. Jack T, Bradley. Juliana said he had ordered en- largements, of both the picture of Stevens arid Schine alone, and a picture showing the two with Brad- ley. Juliana said he delivered the photograph showing Schine and Stevens alone to the Senate com- mittee investigating the McCarthy- Army row, bcause he thought that was what the committee wanted. Decision Prodded by Chairman Mundt (R-SD) as to whose "specific de- cision" it was to bring to the in- vestigators the picture showing only Stevens and Schine, Juliaaa replied: "That was my decision." Juliana was caEed to the witness chair after Sen. McCarthy had spoken up at the hearings on his row with Army officials and de- clared that Juliana had altered the picture. In other developments: 1. Army Counsel Joseph N. Welch demanded that McCarthy be called to the witness chair as soon as Secretary Stevens finishes his testi- mony. Mundt told Welch the com- mittee would determine the order of the proceedings. 2.- George- Anastos and Mrs.- Frances Minis, staff employes of McCarthy, both swore they knew nothing about the "cropping" of the photograph. There was soae conflict, however, between their accounts of how the photograph was handled at the staff offices. 3. Schine, in brief testimony, said that after refreshing his mem- ory overnight he thought he had given an accurate account Thurs- day of his part in the photo epi- sode. That part was chiefly to Burnish the original picture. Schine ivas excused from the witness chair but is to come back later or more general testimony. Answers Committee Juliana insisted he was just try- ng to meet what he considered the wishes of the committee when ie supplied the photo of Schine and Stevens alone. He said he understood commit- se counsel Roy Jenkins wanted 'a photograph of Mr. Stevens and rivate Schine." He said these in- tructions could have come either from Jenkins or Roy M. Conn, hief counsel for the McCarthy ommittee, or both. At one point Juliana told Jack- on, "I don't think the picture was hanged." "You don't think the picture was exclaimed Jackson. "No replied Juliana. "Then what's your definition of asked Jackson. Juliana said he meant that the ortion of the picture showing tevens and Schine had not been Jamtt Julian, a member of the McCarthy subcommittee staff, holds one of the copies of the disputed Schine-Stevecs photo as he testified before the subcommittee today and took responsibility for the "cropped" picture. him is Maj. Gen. George I. Back, Army Chief Signal Officer. (UP Telephoto) testify that he received a picture with three people in it and "ex- plain how, when and where the third man was cut off" the print which was, submitted to the com- mittee. Chairman Mundt (R-SD) ruled that the .committee .will decide when to'call Juliana and ordered the questioning of Anastos con- tinued. Anastos and another member of the McCarthy staff had testified they knew nothing about any "cropping" of the picture, but they gave conflicting versions of its handling. Anastos said he accompanied Schine from Washington National Airport to the subcommittee's of- fices last Thursday and Schine put the photograph on a desk there. Anastos said Mrs. Frances P. Mims, a secretary, was in the room and took a "peek" at the picture which was wrapped when placed on the desk. Mrs. Mims, following Anastos to the witness chair, said he was wrong about her looking at the she didn't even know the packags contained a photo- graph. Major Istut hanged. Anastos was in the witness chair hen McCarthy broke in dramat- ally, protesting that a "filibuster" as in progress. He said the committee should call the man who handled the that hit earlier this week provided emoval of the colonel (Jack T. The trend continued through April. the main respite for the Dien Bien Today the highway death rate is radley) from the photograph" of Phu garrison, since French war 25 per cent ahead of the same evens, Schine and Bradley. planes could again take to the air. McCarthy said Juliana would date last year. Wooden Planking of a bridge over a bayou at Bradenton, gave way Wednesday night when a heavy trailer-truck, loaded with oranges, started across. The truck was on its way to a canning plant. Workmen took all night unloading the oranges before the track could be lifted out. (AP photo) Anastos was "in error" in his statement, she declared. The picture has become a major issue in the Senate hearings on the row between McCarthy and Army officials. As turned over to the investi- gating committee by the McCarthy camp, a blown-up print showed only Secretary of the Army Ste- vens and a smiling Pvt. Schine standing by aa airplane. The McCarthy camp offered it as evidence that Stevens was on friendly terms with Schine at the very time the secretary contends McCarthy and his aides were ex- erting improper pressures to get preferential Army treatment for the wealthy Army private, a for- mer unpaid consultant on Mc- Carthy's staff. The Army charged the print had been actually it was a group picture including Air Force Col. Jack T. Bradley. The committee is trying to es- tablish how it became a picture of Schine and Stevens alone. On this trail, it first called Roy Conn, counsel to McCarthy, who said be didn't know anything about any altering of the photo. Conn said Schine supplied the picture. Schine testified the picture he turned over to the subcommittee was in fact a picture of himself, Stevens and Bradley. And he said he didn't know anything about its "cropping." Schine said he turned the picture over to Anastos at Washington Na- tional Airport last Thursday, Ktpt Picture Anastos' agreed he met Schine. But he said Schine kept actual physical possession of the picture. And, Anastos said, the last he knew of the photo was that he carried the wrapped package from the subcommittee staff offices to the hearing room last Tlnrsday Army's Boston Lawyer Works Best Standing BOSTON N. Welch stoop-shouldered, courtly Boston lawyer representing the Army in its boiliag feud with Sen. Mc- Carthy, is working under a handi- cap at the Capitol's televised hear- ings. He has to remain seated. The S3 year-old Welch, noted for his soft chuckle and quiet man- ners, says he works best stand- ing up. He has a special stand-up desk in his State Street office. He ex- plained he thinks better when on his feet. So aides have installed a similar stand-up desk for him while he is in Washington. Before leaving for the Washing- ton hearings, he said it would be the first time he will have cross- examined anyone while sitting. Next to standing up for work, he likes to sit to loaf. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and colder with occasional light rain tonight. Saturday con- siderable cloudiness and cold. Low tonight 42, high Saturday 52. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 61; minimum, 47; noon, 53; precipitation, .99; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER North Ctntral Observations High was 58 at p.m. Thurs- day; low, 51, a.m. today; 52 at noon today; 500-foot overcast, visibility one mile with rain show- ers and i'og; wind is calm; barom- eter, 29.79, falling; humidity, 92 per cent. New Obstacle in Path of Peace For Indochina Near Agreement On Nine Other Nations for Talks By EDDY GILMORI GENEVA at An Informed source said today Russia has de- manded India be invited to part in Indochina peace talks com- ing up here. Such a proposal if certain to throw another obstacle in the path of the Indochina talki. The source said the Soviets might also even ask that Indonesia and Burma be Invited. French and Indian circles ex- pressed belief, however, the Rus- sians would not press for India's inclusion. French officials were understood to feel the Soviet dele- gation will finally settle for a nine- party list also acceptable to Western Powers. U. S. Opposes Plan The United is understood to be firmly opposed to including India on the grounds the confer- ence should be held to as small a circle of Interested nations as pos- sible. India's Prime Minister Nehru re- cently announced to his own [iament in New Delhi a program for an end to the seven-year-old Indochina war, including' an im- mediate cease-fire, a noninterven- tion pact by the big and direct negotiations between French and the Communist led Vietminh rebels. The report of Russia's move to tring India to Geneva came short- ly after it was revealed that Viet Nam's chief of state Bao Dai had agreed to sit down at the confer- ence table here with representa- tives: of the Vietminh. Until the reported new Russian demand, Bao Dai'e previous op- position to rebel participation had been the major obstacle prevent- iog organization of the Indochina talks after conclusion of the pres- ent debate on Korea. It was reported earlier the East and West were virtually agreed on including nine parties at the Indo> china conference. These would be the United States, Russia, Britain, France, Ked China, the Vietminh and the three French-sponsored ;ndochinese states of Viet Nam, Cambodia and Laos. Begging Down If the talks were to be expand- d at all, fca United States wat reported at the most to favor only the addition of Thailand and Bur- ma to the conference, since those wo countries border on Indochina. The debate on Korea appears to e bogging down. Informed sources described the United States as an- noyed by the reluctance of its Western allies to get into the for- mal discussions on that issue. Aside from Secretary of State )ulles, none of the foreign ers of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization on hand here has yet poken on Korea. That Iritain's Anthony Eden, France'! eorges Bidault and Canada's Les- er B, Pearson. The sources indicated the United tales was somewhat concerned ver the possible effectiveness of he Asia-for-Asiani declaration! ere by Soviet Foreign Minister M. Molotov and Red China'e Jhou En-lai on public opinion in Vsia. U.S. circles felt the Western iplomats were not making full se of the conference to get across ieir viewpoint to Asians. Joint U.S.-Canada Defense Pact Urged and gave it to James Juliana, also a McCarthy aide. Mrs. Mims insisted she knew nothing about the she hadn't even heard of it until the issue came up at the hearing. Schine came back to the witness chair when today's session was begun, but was quickly excused for the time being. NEW YORK WV-Rep. W. Sterl- ing Cole (R-NY) urges an Amer- ican-Canadian defense pact to ward off any enemy attack against the North American continent. Cole, chairman of the Senate- House Atomic Energy Committee, proposed last night at a Colgate University banquet "that our gov- ernment, as speedily as possible enter into a mutual continental de- fense pact with Canada." Such a pact, he said, should be "under the authority of the United Nations, comparable in purpose, scope and organization with the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- tion." There would be a supreme com- mander with Canadian and Amer- ican land, sea and air forces under him, "I submit that all other consid- erations Cole] said, "it would be suicidal for Can- ada and the United States not to recognize the new dimensions to sovereignty brought by the threat of atomic and hydrogen warfare." He said it 'was questionable whether the Soviet Union "could now mount an attack of such in- tensity and scope that our ability to retaliate would be eliminated." "But three or four years from be said, "the Soviets will be able to launch a saturation at- tack against our attack so massive that our ability ultim- ately to prevail may be open to grave "question." He said a 100 per cent defense against assault is impossible but a strong defense would "inflict such losses on raiding formations that an enemy will in all prob-- ability be dissuaded and be kept from dealing us a mortal blow."
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