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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Occasional Light Rain, Colder Tonight and Friday Follow Nick Haliday on Back Page Daily NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 135 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 29, 1954 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Ike Assures Congress on A-Bombs Urged for French in Indochina By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON UP) Rep. Sikes (D-Fla) proposed today that the United .States supply the French with atomic bombs for use: in Indo- china to "get the war won so we won't have to send American boys there." "We have all kinds and all sizes of A-bombs that have never been tested in conventional Sikes said in an interview. "Let's see if they work." He said the Indochinese war, in which French and native troops have been fighting Communist-led forces for more than seven years, "is becoming serious enough ..so that we had better use every weapon we've got to win it." Sikes, a member of the House Appropriations subcommit- tee which handles Army funds, said he opposes sending American forces to Indochina without prior congressional approval but would back maximum material aid to the French. Rep. Bennett (R-'Mich) prepared for introduction in the House, meanwhile, a resolution aimed at barring the dispatch of American troops to Indochina "without prior approval and consent of Con- gress." Such resolutions normally do not have the binding effect of law, but are advisory to the President. Rep. Coudert (R-NY) has pro- posed a move which, if approved by the House and Senate, would have teeth. Drafted as an amend- ment to the defense money bill now before the House, it would prohibit use of any funds in the Stevens Admits 'Go Ea Order on Monmouth Quiz in Sixth Day In Washington WASHINGTON o: the Army Stevens testified today he was apprehensive the Ft. Mon mouth, N.J., commander was moving too fast against aliegec security risks last October. He saic it was "entirely possible" the com- mander, Maj. Gen. Kirke G. Law- ton, had been asked to withdraw some suspensions. Stevens had been confronted a! the McCarthy-Army hearings with a statement by La that Army Counselor John G. Adams tele- phoned him early in November urging him to "dismiss certain security cases" at the Army radar research center. In a dramatic development, Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel to the Senate Investigations Subcommit- tee, produced the memorandum, "not two hours saying Lawton had dictated it in Jenkins' pres- ence. Handwritten Memo The memo was handwritten in ink. Jenkins said Capt. Joseph E. Corr Jr., aide to Lawton, had taken down the general's state- ment. Jenkins termed the memo of vital importance to the contention by Sen. by Stevens Stevens sought to stop the senator's investigation of alleged subversive activities at Monmouth. The special counsel conducted such a hammering cross-examina- tion of Stevens that Joseph N. Welch, special counsel to the sec- retary, protested Jenkins was going at it as if it were a "mur- der trial." Stevens swore that he had no recollection of the purported tele- phone conversation between Adams and Lawton, But Stevens said it could be "en- tirely it was "con had told Adams he had better call Gen. Lawton. Stevens said he did recall that last Oct. 31, he had talked to 'Gen. George I. Back, chief signal offi- cer, and told him he wanted the Army's commanding generals to exercise "careful and good judg- ment" in carrying out the govern- ment's program to weed out securi- ty risks. Moving Too Fast The secretary said he told Back he did not want the removal of employes at Ft. Monmouth to be done so rapidly that people would be suspended without sufficient evidence to support the action. And, Stevens said, he told Back he was "apprehensive that Gen. Lawton might be moving in that, direction." He added he was afraid that unfair suspensions would take place. li there were any doubt about employes, Stevens said, he wanted them out, but he said he empha- sized that he wanted the security program conducted in a fair way and not just on the basis of "meager or almost non-existent in- formation." The secretary said that, with that background in mind, he might have talked with Adams and had him call Lawton, but he reiterated that he did not recall such a con- versation. Stevens testified that between January 1953 and March of this year, the Army had "weeded out" 170 individuals as security risks where there has been a "loyalty connotation." The secretary gave this as "tan- gible evidence" of the Army's ac- tivity against Communist influence or infiltration. It was in reply to an inquiry by Sen. Dirksen No Promise of Speed Stevens, obviously weary after five and a half days of question- ing, declined a suggestion by Sen. McClellan (D-Ark) to rest from the "strain of this ordeal." Welch said the secretary would proceed but he also asked "some assurance" from Sen. McCarthy that there would be no "prolonged examination" when McCarthy's turn came, McCarthy replied it was "impos- sible to and "frankly I don't know." Special Counsel Ray Jenkins, right, of the Senate Investigating Subcommittee listens intently to Joseph N. Welch, counselor for the Army, at today's session of the Army-McCarthy hearing. Jenkins later produced a statement by Maj. Gen. Kirke Lawton, commander at Ft. Monmouth, N. J., in which Lawton said he had been asked to drop certain security case suspensions. (UP Tele- photo) Molotov Supports Asia for Asiatics By EDDY GIUMORE GENEVA Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov told the Geneva conference today he agrees entirely with the Asia-for-Asians declaration of Chinese Communist Foreign Minister Chou En-lai. Molotov, in his first policy speech before the 19-nation conference, said a peaceful solution of the Korean problem can be found if the delegates proceed "from the prin. ciple that the peoples of Asia have the full right to settle their affairs themselves." "Other states, the participants of the Geneva he said, "are called upon to assist the Asian peoples in this respect by their friendly efforts." Molotov spoke after Australian Foreign Minister Richard G. Casey told the conference some United Nations troops may have to remain in Korea until the divided peninsu- la is unified under a democratic government. Many diplomats here are convinced this may never hap- future. least not in the near China Present The Soviet foreign minister be- gan by noting the presence of Red China at the meeting and said par- ticular emphasis should be laid "on the fact that the great power of People's Republic of be able to contribute to the work of our conference." On the whole the speech was mild and notable for the absence of personal attacks on Western po- litical figures, but Molotov did as- sail the United States for what he called its "aggressive course." "As far as the United States of America is he said, "the government of the country is openly pursuing course in regard an aggressive to the Chinese People's Republic. This aggressive course of the U.S.A. at the same time is affecting the whole situ- ation in Asia. "It is common knowledge that the Chinese People's Republic has committed no aggressive acts against the United States of Amer- ica. The position is quite different when we speak about the United States policy in regard to the Chi- nese People's Republic." Outside the conference hall, a French source reported talks be- tween Russia and France for a truce at Dien Bien Phu to permit evacuation of French Union wound- ed have virtually collapsed. Informants said Molotov and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault exchanged heated words at a dinner Wednesday night, with the Soviet diplomat expressing sur- prise that Bidault had injected the truce question into a discussion of what parties should participate in settlement of the Indochinese ques- tion. Bidault replied thut he yvas just as surprised that the Russians had violated confidences by disclosing his request without notifying the French beforehand. Former Mankato TC Director Killed In Auto Accident ST. PETER, Minn. man tentatively identified as E. Ray- mond Hughes, about 61, prominent Mankato attorney, was killed to- day when his car ran into a rail- way viaduct abutment on Highway 169, just south of St. Peter. A U.S. commissioner Hughes was formerly resident director of Mankato State Teachers College. He began a law practice in 1920. The death raised to 181 the 1953 Minnesota traffic toll. Last year at this time there were 144 deaths. bill to send U. S. troops into com- bat without congressional approval except to uphold treaty obligations or in self-defense. It seemed likely to touch off the only heated debate on the armed services budget for the year starting July 1. Bennett said in a statement he was offering his resolution because "events of the last few weeks make it appear that the pattern of Korea may very well be re- peated all over again in the case of Indochina "How many Koreas must we have before Congress will reassert its constitutional Vice President Nixon has said that in the unlikely event the French withdraw, this country may oe obliged to send troops to Indochina. Coudert said his amendment is intended to support "the Presi- dent's declaration that he would not intervene in Indochina without congressional approval." He told the House yesterday he could see no objection to his pro- posal and said it could not "be construed in any way as reflecting weakness of the United States or undermining our negotiators at Geneva." But Chairman Taber (R-NY) of the House Appropriations Commit- tee termed the proposal "ridicu- lous" and predicted its defeat. He said, "It would be a sign of weakness that would get us into war by tipping off our hand to the Russians." Taber predicted the big money measure would pass without ma- jor changes. It is less than President Eisenhower re- quested, but some of the cuts were volunteered by the armed services. There was no apparent move to restore any major cuts, although day-long debate yesterday reflect- Mrs. Roosevelt Cites Politics In Divorce Case PASADENA, Calif. UP) Mrs. James Roosevelt has accused her estranged husband of political scheming in suing her for separate maintenance. She says he sought to avoid the- publiciy of a divorce because he is running for Congress in the 26th District. The wife, Romelle, who also seeks separate maintenance, made her latest charges in the domestic controversy yesterday when she answered Roosevelt's petition to amend his complaint. Roosevelt now wants a divorce instead of separate maintenance, and he wants the court to rule put of evidence a letter, signed by him, admitting infidelities. He has since denied any indiscretions. Mrs. Roosevelt and her counsel said his "scheme constitutes the ultimate in bad faith." "Apparently feeling that a div- orce action would prove unpalat- able to the her statement said, "he seized upon the follow- ing plan: He would ask in his com- plaint that he be permitted to live separate and apart from the de- fendant; that he would later claim he was forced to ask for a divorce by reason of circumstances beyond his control." ed growing House concern over Indochina and the possibilities of further American involvement there. Sikes told his colleagues that "war may come to us in Indochina tomorrow" because the French may pull out and "we may be forced to fill the void." Rep. Mahon (D-Tex) said that he didn't want to see U. S. troops in Indochina "but I do not favor telling the enemy whether we are going to send them there or not." Justice Dept. Starting Auto Industry Probe NEW YORK Gen. Her- bert Brownell Jr. says the Justice Department is starting a probe of the auto industry for possible antitrust violations because of a "developing pattern of concentra- tion." Speaking last night before the Economic Club of New York, Brownell said: "We know well that increasing concentration in an important in- dustry contains dangerous poten- tialities. "We do not know what is the explanation of the developing pat- tern of concentration in the auto- mobile industry. We want to find out whether this pattern is nothing more than the consequence of com- petitive forces at work, or whether any one or more of the facts which amount to collusion or the sup- pression of competition has been at work." Recently the Antitrust Division of the Justice Department dis- closed it was looking into four specific phases of the auto field. The phases were not enumerated. Last month, Rep. Shepard J. Crumpacker Jr. (R-Ind) intro- duced a resolution charging that independent car producers suf- fered from what he termed high pressure competitive practices by Ford and General Motors. Congress has taken no action on Crumpacker's proposal. Crumpacfcer also asked the Fed- eral Trade Commission to inves- tigate whether Ford and GM were trying to monopolize the auto in- dustry and whether their battle for sales leadership had violated any antitrust laws. General Motors and Ford both denied their companies were en- gaged in a race for business or were trying to monopolize the market. So far this year, Ford and GM have accounted for slightly less than 84 per cent of the automo- tive market. Chrysler has around 12 per cent, while the small inde- pendents share the remaining 4 per cent. A Genral "Motors spokesman says the company is basing pro- duction only on market require- ments. Ford and GM further main- tain that their production merely reflects public demand for then- products and deny Crumpacker's assertion the two companies were forcing cars on dealers "through overproduction." Won't Enter War Without Declaration, Leaders Told WASHINGTON President Eisenhower declared anew today that the United States is not going to get into any war in Indochina unless Congress declares it. However, the President told a news conference that a proposal in Congress to forbid the sending of American troops to Indochina, or any other place in the world without prior congressional approval, could not fail to damage his flexibility in handling ------------------------------------------------------------------------the situation. The President was asked for his evaluation of the possibility of American combat forces having to be sent to Indochina. He replied that he already has expressed his views on that matter rather emphatically. At a news conference about month ago, he recalled, he said the United States would not get into a war except through con- stitutional processes. And that means, Eisenhower said, only through a declaration of war by Congress. He said this country has pro- vided technical assistance, money, and equipment to bolster the fight against Communism in Indochina. That is as much as the present Foreign Assistance Law he added. Won't Speculate So far as speculation on the fu- ture is concerned, the President said, he didn't want to do too much talking at this time. He noted the Geneva conference dealing with Indochina now is in session and said it would be inap- propriate for him to speculate un- der those circumstances. On other matters the President had this to say: The congressional campaign Eisenhower reiterated that he has no intention of engaging in and local contests, but he said does intend to get around the coun- Eiitnhower, accompanied by his press secretary, James Hagerty, walked to his news conference today at which he voiced strong objection to a proposal in Congress to limit his pow- ers to send American troops anywhere in the world without con- gressional approval. (UP Te'.ephoto) Anni Dalton, 49, Chicago, shown shortly after being hit in the face by the edge of a Chicago streetcar today, receives aid from a police stretcher crew. Taken to a Chicago hospital she was found to have suffered a possible fractured nose and facial abra- sions. (UP Telephoto) Russian, U.S. Air Forces Contrasted WASHINGTON new estimates were before the American people today oa how their air strength stacks up against Soviet Russians: 1. Word from U. S. diplomatic sources that there has been a "rapid increase in Soviet air potential" through the conversion of much of Russia's force to modern jet planes. 2. A statement by Rep. Scrivner chairman of a House Appropriations Subcommittee han- dling Air Force funds, that the United States outnumbers Russia 3-2 in the air and that the Soviets have no long-range bombers able to reach the United States and re- turn to home bases. The views were given out at the i time of these events in Washing- ton and Congress was considering the annual -Air Force appropriation bill. Adm. Arthur Radford, chair- man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, had just talked with President Eisenhower after a hurried trip to Europe and a visit with British Prime Minister Churchill. The North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- tion (NATO) was reassessing its own and Soviet strength in the air, on the ground and at sea. The diplomatic officials, who may not be named, yesterday made available an over-all sum- mary of Communist military million men under arms in Russia, Eastern Germany and the satellite countries. They figured that 4Vi million of the six million are in ground forces; that 22 divisions are in Germany, constituting "a ready- made spearhead" for a rapid ad- vance into Europe; that the bulk of the 22 divisions are armored outfits with nearly a complete complement of tanks and self- propelled guns. Backing up the 22 divisions are another 60 Soviet divisions based in western Russia and Eastern satellite nations. And the satellites themselves have about 80 divisions, twice the strength of 3947. Communist air strength was cal- culated this way by the diplomatic officials: New types of medium and heavy bombers, including jet models, have been observed. (These pre- sumably would include at least two new designs of long-range planes, one four-engined, another six- engined, powered with propellers driven by jet engines. The six- engine bomber obviously is intend- ed to counter the U.S. Air Force B36.) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and colder viith occasional light rain ending early Friday. Colder Friday, becoming partly cloudy in after- noon. Low tonight 38, high Friday 42. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 64; minimum, 47; noon, 57; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRP'ORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max temp. 58 at p.m. Wed- nesday, Low, 47 degrees at a.m. today. Noon 54, overcast at feet, visibility 12 miles, wind from the south southeast at 10-miles-per-hour, ba- rometer at 29.85 steady, humidity 64 per cent. Churchill Tells World H-Bombs Not Everything LONDON (.4V-Britain's premier statesman-artist, 79-year-old Sir Winston Churchill, reminded the human race Wednesday night that it's world holds something besides atomic and hydrogen bombs. Speaking at a banquet of the Royal Academy, the British Prime Minister said: "We might ask ourselves whether we should go on with the routine, the ceremonies, the festivities of our daily round when dangers are growing which threaten the very life of the human race. "The more the human mind is enriched and occupied the greater is the chance that uncon- ventional these hide- ous apparitions are lead not to general annihilation, but to the outlawry of war. "Our perils may prove our sal- vation, but this will depend upon a new elevation of the mind of man, which will render him worthy of the secrets he has wrested from nature. In this trans- figuration, the arts have a noble and vital part to play." Million-Dollar Fire Hits Rapid City RAPID CITY, S.D. Iff) One of the worst fires in Rapid City's history heavily damaged business places in an area a half block long early today. Loss estimates ranged up to a million dollars. Twenty-six new and used cars were destroyed, along with furniture stocks in two stores and furnishings of the state em- ployment service office. A number of other cars and personal belong- ings in seven apartments were damaged. No injuries were reported. The buildings and lots were valued at two years ago when the city considered buying the property. Black Hills Oldsmo- bile lost six new cars in a ware- house and 15 used cars were des- troyed. Pier motors said five used cars were destroyed. Loss to Sand- ers Trading Post was set at about Rapid Furniture's loss was about Pianos from the Tom Dugan Piano Store were removed before the fire consumed the store. Strike Cancels Picnics TOKYO of Japanese who planned picnics to celebrate the Emperor's 53rd birthday today were stranded at home or in the country when employes of 37 rail- roads struck for 24 hours. try to talk about his administra- tion's program. He predicted overriding issue of the campaign will be whether the administration has made a record of accomplish- ment, he put dilly- dallied along the way. The Oppenheimer President said he always has had the greatest admiration for Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer from the standpoint of his professional and scientific accomplishments, but that he did not want to say too much about his case while it under investigation. Oppenheimer has been suspend- ed as an adviser to the Atomic Energy Commission and barred from access to atomic data pend- ing a hearing on whether he might be a security risk. Silent on Farm Bill Farm de- clined to speculate on whether he might veto a farm bill which would continue mandatory government price supports at 90 per cent of parity on basic commodities. The administration wants to abandon rigid price supports at the end of this year in favor of a flexible program which would permit sup- ports to be fixed according to whether it was desired to encour- age or discourage production. The bousing why he accepted the resignation of Guy T. 0. Hollyday as federal housing administrator, the President re- plied tre whole matter is under investigation with his approval so he feels he should not comment on it at th.Ls time. The administration's legislative President said he nas been assured by Republican congressional leaders that the pro- gram will be enacted and that work will not be delayed by inves- tigations going on in Congress. Says Program Needed Eisenhower declared, however, that he simply could not exagger- ate the importance of his program :o the welfare of the country, and added that it is most necessary to get it on the law books. There was no direct reference to the McCarthy-Army hearings in connection with his assertions that investigations would not delay his program. At another point, how- ever, the President was told the question had been raised whether Secretary of Defense Wilson had discussed with Eisenhower the matter of alleged preferential xeatment for Pvt. G. David Schina former consultant' to Sen. Mc- larthy Eisenhower replied, questioning- !y, you mean that private? He added he had never beard of .he matter. Eisenhower was asked for hii opinion, as an old soldier, of the privileges which Scbine allegedly received. He replied crisply that he would have nothing to say on that and he hoped the whole investigation would be completed quickly. The defense Presi- dent said, in response to a ques- tion, that he is not planning to ask for any over-all increase at this time in the de- fense appropriation bill now up for House debate. He said some spe- cific changes have been suggested, but he contemplates no revision in any over-all or marked way, Clipping Costs Shaved OSAKA, Japan can get clipped in Osaka for a dime. Shave and shampoo free. Osaka barbers in a price war shaved the cost of the combo job from 40
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