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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 28, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight, Thundershowers Thursday Follow Nick Haliday on Back Page Daily NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 134 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 28, 1954 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Schine Questions Anger McCarthy China Demands All Foreign Troops Move Out of Asia GENEVA China's For- eign Minister Chou En-lai demand- ed today that all foreign military bases in Asia be abolished and that all foreign troops be with- drawn. Chou addressed the 19-nation Geneva conference after U.S. Sec- retary of State Dulles had ex- pressed doubts as to the value of negotiating with the Communists and rejected a North Korean pro- posal for unification of Korea. It was Chou's first speech at a world- wide kind. diplomatic meeting of this He and Dulles clashed sharply over the unification plan submit- ted by North Korean Foreign Min- ister Nam II. Dulles said the Nam H plan would put the whole coun- try under "a Communist puppet regime." Chou supported Nam II. The Red China leader launched a strong demand for an Asia-For- Asians program. In addition to calling for the withdrawal of for- eign troops and bases, he urgec the settlement of Asian problems by consultations among the Asian countries and by exchange of mu tual obligations. Chou ranged far beyond the problem of Korea which was up for debate, touching upon Japan Nationalist China, Germany anc disarmament. Dulles called on the conference to back up the 1948 United Nations plan calling for general elections in Korea under U.N. supervision. Implementation of this program, he said, would require the Chinese Communists "to withdraw their Russia Suggests New Talks on Moving Indochina Wounded By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA proposed today an immediate meeting of representatives of French Union forces and the Communist-led Viet- minh to discuss evacuation of wounded from Dien Bien Phu, the besieged French stronghold in northwest Indochina, It also suggested that leaders of the Vietminli, who have fought the French for more than seven years, be invited to participate in the Geneva debate on peace in Indo- with representatives of the United States, Britain, France, Russia, Red China and the three Associated States of In- Nam, Laos and Cam- bodia. With the exception of the Vietminh, the French have pro- posed the same list. Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molqtov advanced the proposal at a private meeting with French For- j eign Minister Georges Bidault, ieir second in as many days at the Geneva conference. Bidault had asked that the Mrs. Love McDuffie Tolbert, Columbus, Ga., librarian, has been chosen the American Mother of 1954 by the Ameri- can Mothers Committee of the Golden Rule Foundation. She has five married sons, all liv- ing, (AP Wirephoto) TODAY French Appeasers Winning By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Arthur Radford, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, has cut short his European mission to return to Washington for urgent consulta- tions on the mounting Indochina crisis. This new indication of the gravity of the crisis comes on the heels of a whole series of contra- dictory events, which have the whole country asking what in heaven's name is going on. It is no wonder that most people are confused. The only way to make sense out of the muddle is to go back to the beginning, and trace the stages which have led to the present situation. The first stage was one in which the leaders of the American government, al- though vaguely disquieted about what was going on in Indochina, forces of. aggression and occupa- tion from North Korea so that the United Nations can complete its task in an atmosphere free of menace." The secretary of state said the United States does not wish its own troops to remain in Korea in- definitely, but once r before the United States had withdrawn its troops and this turned out to be premature. Dulles said the North Korean proposal for general elections, pre- sented Tuesday by Foreign Min- ister Nam II, "is in essence the same as that made in June, 1950, as a prelude to the armed attack on the Republic of Korea." he added, "it is strik- ingly similar to the scheme which the Soviet Union presented at Ber- lin last February for the unifica- tion of Germany. "The present Communist pro- posal on Korea provides that the freely elected government of the Republic of Korea, representing at least three-quarters of the Korean people, would be forced into com- bination, on the basis of equality, with the Communist regime ruling a small minority of the people in the north." He pointed out that the North Korean proposal also excluded United Nations supervision, Longtime Lifers First Out Under flew Parole Plan By JACK B. MACKAY Associated Press Correspondent Two "lifers" serving terms for murders, confined behind Phu be agreed on before deciding on the nations which will partici- pate in talks here on peace in Indochina. The wounded are under treat- ment in dugout shelters of the Indo- china fortress. Vietminh guns block French planes from landing there. The rebels have denied a request from the garrison commander, Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, for a brief tmce to permit evacua- tion of the wounded. Molotov's proposal was an- nounced at a Soviet news confer- ence by Leonid Ilychev, Russian Foreign Office spokesman. He said Molotoy, sympathizing with the French view that evacua- tion of the wounded should be de- cided immediately, told Eidault that "to facilitate, a solution, the representatives of interested sides should meet, even in Geneva if necessary." Ilychev did not say whether Bi- dault agreed. France has been re- sisting Communist efforts to bring the Vietminh to Geneva. The Soviet proposal came amid these other developments in Gen- eva and abroad bearing on the Asian parley: 1. Secretary of State Dulles re- jected North Korea's proposal for unification elections, saying it was a scheme "designed to destroy the authority of the existing (Seoul) government and to replace it by a Communist puppet regime." He called for general elections under United Nations supervision. 2. In Seoul, a spokesman for President Syngman Rhee's govern- up before the pardon board and still hoped through against hope to luck It was fervently hoped that Gen. Navarre's "victory: plan" (al- though it might take longer than originally believed) would work out in the end. This wish was so much father to the thought that when one of these reporters wrote from Indochina that the French and the Viet Nam lacked the means for vic- tory, he was considered a gloomy eccentric. Then, last March 20, Gen. Paul Ely arrived in Washington with grim news the French had aban- doned hope C'f winning in Indochina on the existing basis. Bar a "new basis" for the war, the only way out, the French reasoned, to negotiate a .settlement at all cost. Ely's warning came as a violent shock to the American government, and produced the first great crisis- within-a-crisis. The "new Dulles decided, could only take the form of "united action'1 by those states with a vital interest in Southeast Asia, to pre- vent, by military force if nec- essary, a Communist victory in (Continued on Page 18, Column 3.) ALSOPS will walk out of Stillwater Prison as free men in a few days, The Associated Press learned today. They are: John Schwarz, 67, of South St. Paul, who beat his wife with a shoe and then axed her to death to "put her out of misery" 35 years ago. Matthew Henry Lang, 58, of Sleepy Eye, who shot and killed Mamie Ganske, a young girl, when she refused to marry him. That was 37 years ago. The State Parole Board ap- proved, paroles for both inmates. The paroles mark a reversal of board policy of many years stand- is, "no parole" for any prisoners serving life terms for murder. It was the first such action by the Parole Board in 17 years, with one exception. That was 10 years ago when a life prisoner was pa- roled. Lang, interviewed by The Associ- ated Press at the prison, excitedly exclaimed-. "I'm going out into a new world." Lang then explained that "I know it's a new world because I had a chance to look at it a month ago Reds May Try To Starve Out Dien Bien Phu Believe Heavy Rains Will Make Trenches Useless By LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina rebels confined their assaults on battered Bien Bien Phu to artil- lery barrages again today amid mounting indications they may hold off further frontal assaults in hopes of starving out the weary French Union defenders. Pelting rains of the spring mon- soon turned the narrowing mile- square northwest Indochina for- tress into seas of red mud, bog- ging down movement of all mech- anized arms. But the defenders continued to slug it out against the artillery of the Communist-led at- tackers. The feeling the rebels might de- cide to sit out their siege of Dien Bien Phu was strengthened today by a Vietminh radio broadcast de- claring the start of the mon.soon would flood the French Union troops out to the hands of the over- whelming numbers of rebels sur- rounding them. The broadcast said Communist Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap had declared in an order of the day the French soon would be unable to stay in their rainfilled trenches. Giap was quoted: Will Be Flooded Out "When the French are obliged to leave their trenches and dug- they will be flooded is when victory will be ours." The fortress defenders under Brig. Gen. Christian de Castires also face the threat of slow strang- ulation by the ever-tightening grip of the Vietminh unless the French find some way to relieve the pres- sure, such as a thrust by outside columns hitting the. surrounding besiegers from the rear. But the French continued to rein- force the fortress defenses by para- chute drop. Despite the rains, the French reported more men anc supplies were parachuted into the tiny drop target. Although there were violent ar- iillery duels between the opposing aig guns, the French high com- mand said there was no important .nfantry fighting last night or early :oday. Vietminh heavy mortars and 105mm. artillery pounded at al] key French strangpoints. But the heaviest barrages were centered against the headquarters heart of the fortress. The French, firing American supplied 105mm. and 155mm, guns, blasted at rebel artillery emplace- ments and strings of antiaircraft batteries in the low-lying hills two to four miles distant from, the for- tress center. French Captured A Vietminh radio report heard in Hong Kong .said captured French troops were being held in Firemen Fight five-alarm blaze that de- stroyed a four-story warehouse in Milwaukee Tues- day night. Flames fanned by a strong wind threatened neighboring' buildings before the fire was brought under control. The warehouse, own- ed by a poultry company, was empty at the time. (UP Telephoto) when I was taken on my first I "liberated" zones of northern Viet automobile ride to Minneapolis." A brother died and Lang was given ment termed the North Korean permission to view the body the funeral parlor. Schwarz, who has been a butcher at the prison for the last 30 years, hopes to go to Duluth. An aged woman there took an interest in him and has agreed to provide a home. His case never had come Nam, which borders on Red China. "We've killed 70 French soldiers at in the Red River district and cap- tured 30 more, including one there was no record of any pre- plan advanced Tuesday by Foreign j vious parole board consideration. Minister Nam II, a trap and "completely unacceptable." 3. Diplomatic informants in Lon- don said the United States is urg- ing its Western allies publicly to pledge help quickly for France in resisting Communist aggression. However, as outlined there would be no direct ultimatum to Red China. Britain and France have opposed an ultimatum. 4. A reliable source said the United States, Britain and France have agreed there can be no cease fire in Indochina without safe- guards to insure that the military situation remains frozen during negotiations for a political, settle- ment. Elizabeth Defies Mau Mau Threats ENTEBBE, Uganda Elizabeth II defied a Mau Mau death threat today and flew to Uganda for a three-day stop on her Commonwealth tour. She and the Duke of Edinburgh arrived from Aden today despite a letter to Gov. Sir Andrew Cohen that the secret antiwhite terrorists in neighboring would shoot the monarch if she came to this protectorate. French the broadcast said. The French do not usually reveal their casualties in the daily clashes with the Vietminh in the delta centered on Hanoi. In the United States, a move was under way to recruit more American volunteers to pilot air- lift planes in Indochina. A New World will be opened in a few days for these two Still- wa-ter Prison lifers, who have spent a totalof 72 years behind prison bars for separate murders. Beaming with happiness over prospects for freedom are John Schwartz, left, sentenced in 1919 and Matthew Henry Lang, imprisoned since 1917. They were given the first paroles granted in 10 years by the state board of parole to prisoners serving life terms for murder. (AP Photo) ofAlmena Bank Loot Reported 'Lost MADISON S. Attorney George Rapp said today the Fed- eral Bureau of Investigation had been called in to investigate re- ports of missing money following an Almena, Wis., bank robbery. Mrs. Elizabeth Pady, 18, Chicago, who admitted taking part in the bank holdup, told U. S. Judge Patrick Stone Tuesday that "nearly of the loot was missing. Richard Neurer, manager of the No Weakness On Indochina, Nixon Warns WASHINGTON W) Vice Presi- dent Nixon said today "the major aim of this administration's pol- icy" is to avoid committing Amer- ican troops in Indochina or else- where, if possible. Nixon told the United States Chamber of Commerce, however, that the Eisenhower administra- tion will not resort to "a policy of weakness or inconsistency" to achieve that aim. The delegates to the cham- ber's annual meeting applauded Nixon's assurance that the gov- ernment will avoid "if we can' the sending of American men "to fight in Indochina or anywhere else in the The only means by which the Communist conspiracy can be ihwarted, the vice president de- clared, is by the course chosen by :he administration. This, he said, is a program of "power and firm- ness, strength and consistency." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy tonight and Thursday with scattered thundershowers Thurs- day. Warmer tonight, turning colder Thursday night. Low to- night 45, high Thursday 72. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 55; minimum, 43; noon, 55; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 53 at p.m. Tues- day. Low 47 degrees at a.m. nday. Noon 50, >vercast at feet, visibility 12 miles, wind calm, barometer at 9.94 falling slowly, humidity 69 ser cent. Almena bank, fixed the amount missing at He said the bank's insurance company had checked the books after the robbery and paid the bank for the short- age. Neurer said the books were rechecked and that was the amount found to have been stolen, j Police at Eau Claire reported re- covering Rapp said he was satisfied neith- er Mrs. Pady nor her accomplice, Paul Hauser, 22, also of Chicago, had the money. Mrs. Pady and Hauser were sentenced to federal institutions for the holdup last March 19. Mrs. Pady made the statement about the missing money shortly before she was sentenced Tuesday. She told Judge Stone that be- sides the bank loot found in a suitcase in possession of the cou- ple, she had about in her purse. She said she gave the purse to police at Eau Claire after the pair was taken into custody. The purse, she said, was re- turned to her at the Dane County jail, where she was later brought, minus the money. Mrs. Pady asked the court to Chicago Busboy Admits Killing Minneapolis Man CHICAGO Minneapolis policemen were expected to leave for home today with a man Chicago officers said confessed a slaying there last March 17. John Higgins, a Chicago detec- tive, said Darrell E. Suchla, 25, admitted Tuesday he had fatally beaten Morris Wolfe, 57, Soo Line employe, in the letter's Minneapolis >me during an argument. Suchla said Wolfe's body secure an accounting for her, but added she was making no charge against the officers. At Eau Claire, Police Chief Ber- nard Garmire said all the money recorded from Mrs. Pady and Hauser had been turned in. He fixed the amount recovered from the couple at The car the robbers used and all its contents were taken to police headquarters after the arrests and the money was counted and turned over to federal agents, Garmire said. As far as his department is concerned, tie added, there was no discrep- ancy. New Flood Warning Issued for Aitkin MINNEAPOLIS The Weath- er Bureau has issued this "minor 'lood Due to the rains of April 26-27, ;he Mississippi River at and near Aitkin will rise slowly for the next several days, cresting at between 13.5 and 14 feet on May 1 at Aitkin sroper. Flood stage at Aitkin is 12 feet. Stage Tuesday was 13. Down- stream from Aitkii the river will crest within banks. been stuffed had into a .trunk and taken by car to Marmarth, N. D., where it was tossed onto a dump. But A. W. Grab a-m, Marmarth police said he and a group of searchers had been unable to locate the body late Tuesday. The hunt was resum- ed this morning. Suchla made this Sychla Higgins said oral statement: His mother, Myrtle Suchla, 50, had been living with Wolfe but left him in February. She had written from Klamath Falls, Ore., she had met another man there and would not return. Wolfe saw the letter and ordered Darrell to leave the Wolfe home in Minneapolis. An argument came when Wolfe) ordered Darrell "not to take any- thing that doesn't belong to you." He answered that he intended to take his mother's belongings. Such- i la then quoted Wolfe, "We'll see about that." When Wolfe went into a bed- room, Suchla took a foot length of pipe from a cupboard in the kitchen and went into the bed- room. "I was mad. He started to get off the bed and I hit him three times with the pipe over the head. He fell backward on the bed and got scared. I went out into the yard where my brother, Mervin, was working on his car." They both went into the house to discover that Wolfe was dead. The two put the body into a trunk, roped it up and put it into the trunk of Mervin's car. Then they started to drive to Klamath Falls, getting rid of the body en route. But they found their mother had gone to Portland, Ore. Darrell and Mervin returned to Minneapolis March 27 and the former continued on to Chicago, where he was found Tuesday work- ing as busboy district. in the skid row Charges Jenkins Unfair to Young NewYork Private Stevens Takes Witness Chair For Fifth Day WASHINGTON W-Sen. McCar- thy exploded with violent protests today against questions as to whether Pvt. G, David Schine hired fellow soldiers to clean rifle and told his commander he was in the Army to modernize and streamline it, Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel to the Senate Investigations Sub- committee, was putting the ques- tions to Secretary of the Army Stevens at the televised hearings on McCarthy's row with Army of- ficials. And Stevens, with some laughter, was nodding, "I heard it." McCarthy shouted that Jenkins' questions were "completely unfair" to Schine, wealthy New Yorker who worked for McCarthy before he was drafted. McCarthy said Jenkins might create the impression that questions were facts. McCarthy said that if were to be made against Schine, a central figure in the controversy, he should be made a party to the investigation. This, McCarthy shouted, would permit Schine to engage counsel and cross-examine witnesses. Did He Ride in Cab? Jenkins also had asked whether Stevens ever beard that Schine while at Ft. Dix, N.J., "almost invariably rode in the cab the truck" while other soldiers packed in the truck "like or sheep." "I never heard replied. When McCarthy protested, Jen- kins said he had no knowledge ai to the truth or falsity of the ques- tions he asked. McCarthy said alleged favors to Schine while he was taking basic training at Ft. Dix had been in- vestigated by the Inspector Gen- eral of the Army. He demanded that the report be put into evi- dence. McCarthy complained that Schine was being "smeared" by Jenkins' questions by asking Stevens "have you learned this" or "have you learned that." Chairman Mundt (R-SD) broke in to say that Schine would be called as a witness "in due course." Mundt ruled the questions were entirely proper under the commit- ;ee's purpose of seeking light and truth on the charges and counter- charges in the case. Loud Laughter Jenkins' questioning progressed :hrough a buildup of laughter from :he jampacked committee room. His early questions brought titters which exploded into loud laughter when he asked: "Mr. Stevens, did you know that Schine had a company commander at Ft. Dix named Lt. Miller and that he put his arm around his shoulder and drew this officer to one side and told him he had been sent there to modernize the Ameri- can Army and streamline it along modern lines." Stevens said he had heard some reports to that effect. Jenkins also asked whether Stevens had heard that Schine did not wear his regular uniform, es- caped kitchen duties, got more leaves and passes than other sol- diers. McCarthy's complaint that it was "improper" for Jenkins to be ask- ing questions as though they were facts, without any evidence being introduced to show they were facts, drew retorts from Democratic sen- ators. Both Sens. Jackson (Wash) and McCIellan (Ark) said that earlier in the hearings McCarthy had asked whether career diplomat Samuel Reber left the State De- partment while under investigation on security charges. Charges Recalled The two Democrats said Mc- Carthy bad put that question to Maj. Gen. Miles Reber, the first witness called by the Army, with- out any evidence being offered in support of the charge. The two Rebers are brothers. McCIellan said Jenkins' question- ing was "absolutely relevant" to the Army's charge that preferential treatment was sought for Schine and obtained. McCarthy said when he wai chairman of the investigating sub- committee he insisted on a rule that no one would be publicly ac- cused unless he was in the com- mittee room and had a chance to "step up and answer" immedi- ately. Before the row over this line of questioning by Jenkins, Stevens had testified he never heard Army Counselor John G. Adams offer to furnish McCarthy with information about "a large number of homo- in the Air
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