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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 26, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Thundershowers Tonight, Tuesday; Warmer Tonight Follow Nick Haliday on Back Page Daily NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 132 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 26, 1954 EIGHTEEN PAGES Stevens Asked McCarthy To Quit Monmouth Quiz Outlook Grim at Geneva Helped bpeed Up Some Dismissals A defender of besieged Dien Bien Phu watches as men and supplies were parachuted into the city to reinforce the garrison which the Red attackers have sworn to "finish off" in a new at- tack. (UP Telephoto) W French Clinging To Dien Bien Phu Only Woman left in be- leaguered Dien Bien Phu has been identified as Lt, Gene- vieve DeGalard. The courage- ous 29-year-old French army nurse has been aiding the wounded in the stricken fort- ress. TODAY Ike 7th Principal In Quiz By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON the McCar- thy-Army battle, six persons have been named as Carthy, Carr, and Cohn, Stevens, Adams and Hensel. In reality, there is a seventh principal President Dwight D. Eisenhower. For the President has as great a stake as any man in the outcome of this battle over a mere Army private. Indeed, the outcome may determine whether Eisenhower is to be the real leader of his party; whether his presidency HANOI, Indochina L-H _ French fighters and newly arrived, American supplied Cor- sairs in action for the first time- today laid down the heaviest air strikes of the entire Indochinese war against Communist-led Viet- minh troops threatening to smash into the French Union fortress at Dien Bien Phu. The French High Command, an- nouncing this tonight, did not dis- close the number of sorties but said they were far in excess of the previous one day's record of 136 missions early this year. The war- )lanes dropped hundreds of tons of "00, and bombs >n rebel troops concentrated in the hills surrounding the fortress. Vietminh entrenched along the ringes of the bastion also were eavily hit by bombers and for ours were peppered with thou- ands of bullets from ow flying fighter planes. The tightly packed French Union defenders, driven into a cluster of ortifications less than a mile and quarter across, were in an extremely serious but not des- lerate" position, the French re- wrted last night. Today they said le situation was "unchanged." Informants in radio contact with ie isolated, encircled plain said ie morale of the garrison troops -as "sky high" as they braced j themselves for the bioody hand- to-hand fighting they hoped des- perately would hold back another all-out enemy attempt to sway the Geneva conference on Asian prob- lems. The rebels leveled their heaviest mortar and artillery fire on the northwestern corner of the shrunk- en Dien Bien Phu redoubt. This was an attempt to rip bigger holes in the crumbling defenses in the northwest, opening a floodgate for the masses of Vietminh infantry- the league. Little Progress Expected on Korea, Indochina U.S. Won't Agree To Recognition Of Red China By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA (B-The top diplomat: of 19 nations met here today with Asia's future in the balance. Prince Narathip Pongpraphan Wan Waithyakon of Thailand called the assembly to order in the somb- er council chamber of the Unitet Nations headquarters, formerly the League of Nations buildings, Pal- ace of Nations, Final peace in Korea and an end to the bloodshed in Indochina were the momentous issues before the conference, but grave and bitter differences were still to be settled in preliminary debate. Prince Narathip's selection as chairman for the first day, with Vyacheslav M. Molotov of the Sov- iet Union and Britain's Anthony Eden to follow on successive .days, ended one of the disagreements. But the explosive issue of Com- munist China's place in the pro- ceedings was bypassed for later settlement or by the course of the conference. Short Session The first session lasted less than an hour. Prince Wan said the con- ference had done nothing beyond ratifying the Big Four decision on the chairmanship question. He said there was no discussion of voting procedure or of the status of any participating nation. This was a reference to the fight over the role of Red China. U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles was the first of the Big Four ministers to arrive. Molotov walked into the chamber, where the council of the old League of Nations condemned his nation 'or making war on Finland, with Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko at his side. Molotov's face was expressionless. Eden laughed with his compan- ion, Lord Reading, undersecretary of state in the British Foreign Of- fice. Eden had been in the cham- ber many times during the days Swiss police held back the crowd as French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault, left, arrived in Geneva, Switzerland, early today to attend the five-power meeting on Southeast Asia. The French delegation will be most directly concerned with reaching a settlement' in the critical Indochina situation. (UP Telephoto) be written down as a success or a failure; even whether the institu- tion of the presidency itself may be damaged beyond repair. Thus it is pertinent to ask how the Presi- dent himself feels about the con- test which has now been joined. First of all, although in some ways lie seems so aloof from the battle, he is anything but indiffer- ent to what is going on. Accord- ing to friends and acquaintances who have seen him over the past few weeks, he has developed al- most an obsession about McCar- thy. He is very likely to introduce the Wisconsin senator's name in- to the conversation himself _ and once the subject has been brought up, it is often difficult to change it, so strongly does the Presi- dent feel. No Illusions Second, it can be stated on un- doubted authority that the Presi- dent has no illusions about the threat to his own leadership posed by McCarthy. The significance of the fact that McCarthy chose to launch a frontal attack on the Ar- my, where the Eisenhower career was built, is not lost on the Presi- dent. Nor are McCarthy's sneer- ing references to "Pentagon politi- and "the high brass." In short, the President is quite aware that McCarthy is likely to attack aim directly, 'as soon as McCarthy feels himself strong enough to do men waiting to sweep down from the surrounding hills. The French command said the rebels maintained their "pressure" on the fortress' new defense line in that sector, established about 300 feet due south of the rebel trenches. But the French said the attackers had not been able to infiltrate the defenders' lines last night and were still 600 yards from Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries' command headquarters. A Vietminh broadcast heard in Hanoi crowed that the opposing forces would be "face to face very Most Western foreign ministers were pessimistic and most of them were said to be doubtful that any real progress could be made to- ward settlements either for divid- ed Korea or embattled Indochina. Eden Takes Lead Eden took the lead in today's last-minute round of talks. He talked first with Molotov and1 then scurried to U.S. delegation head- quarters to talk to delegates of the Western nations participating. Then he went back to see Molotov again. An announcement said Molotov then agreed on the chair- soon" in a death struggle. The! manship rotation. threat appeared to back up belief the rebels' Communist leaders were preparing to throw every- thing into one more attempt to wipe out Dien Bien Phu, This would give the Reds a resounding propaganda victory to back up their claims at Geneva, where an attempt may be made to negotiate an Indochina settlement. As the delegates gathered at the Palace of Nations for the Asian conference's opening session to- day, the Western Big Three and the Soviet Union already were split far apart over the Kremlin's insistence that the Peiping regime be seated as a fifth major power. The United States was ready to walk out and break up the con- ference rather than agree. so. This being so. it may seem (Continued on Page 4, Column 4) ALSOPS France Seeks More Aid for Indochina PARIS frantic gov-! inet also was reported to have ruled ernment canvassed today its major allies for fresh aid to stave off de- feat at Dien Bien Phu. The best it could do was a reported possibility that the United States might con- sider sending forces to Indochina if the proposed Southeast Asia alli- ance is formed. An authoritative French source in Geneva for the Asian conference said President Eisenhower's gov- ernment had turned down a French request that U. S. Air Force planes and pilots be sent into action at once against the Vietminh rebels. Prime Minister Churchill's Cab- out a suggestion to send British troops to Indochina. As worried crowds reminiscent of I pre-World War II days gathered outside Churchill's office, the Brit- ish Cabinet met in extraordinary session Sunday. The ministers were reported to have shelved, at least temporily, any idea of direct mili- tary intervention. Sources indicated, however, the British' might send more troops and planes to neighboring Malaya and perhaps stage British naval maneuvers off the Indochina coast as a "show of force" to bolster French morale. ndochina War mportantfo U.S., Ike Says WASHINGTON W) President Eisenhower declared today that this is "a time of great decisions" in world affairs, with the outcome of the Indochinese War carrying "the greatest significance for the United States." The President told the United States Chamber of Commerce that Indochina is "the cork in the bot- tle" whose loss would affect the fate of hundreds of millions in "the surrounding areas of Eisenhower declared that sur- vival of "the newly formed, demo- cratic government of Japan" may also hinge on events in southeast Asia, since the affected area is the one with which Japan must trade. How can the democratic govern- ment of Japan exist, he asked, if those areas are lost to Commu- nism? Eisenhower voiced hope, however, that the conference of world pow- ers which opened today at Geneva would find some peaceful solution of the hazards. "We would- Eisenhower declared, "that the logic of today's situation would appeal to all peo- ples regardless of their ruth- lessness. would hope) that they would see the futility of depending on war or the threat of war as a means of settling their diffi culties." Secretary of Defense Wilson alsc referred to events in Europe ant Asia, saying that events in thos( two continents may force a full scale new look at United States military plans, policies and spend ing. Wilson reported the first new look, started shortly after the Ei senhower Administration took over, has been completed and has lee to "great and encouraging prO' gress" in the military program Among basic concepts involved in the new program, he said, were taking into "full account" the na- tion's atomic weapons arsenal, em- phasis on new weapons including airpower with a resulting saving in manpower, and top mobility by the armed forces which requires "the reassembly of our strategic re- serve forces as dictated by world conditions." Vandals Destroy Draft Board Files PHILADELPHIA dfi The FBI and selective service officials join- ed local police today investigating the destruction of records and correspondence of several draft boards in a South Philadelphia building. Police said vandals smashed fil- ing cabinets, rifled desks and left papers strewn about the offices in a raid early yesterday. Hail, Cold Mark U.S. Weather By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Hailstones the size of base- balls in the Texas Panhandle, snow and 22-degree tempera- tures in Montana, blowing dust in Those were the highlights of a weather picture pretty gener- ally rainy over northern United States today. An outsize hailstone gashed a man's forehead, requiring seven stitches, at Tulia, Tex. The violent storm flooded a highway. Cutbank, Mont., was the na- tion's cold spot with 22 de- grees, accompanied by snow. There were flurries of snow along the southern shore of Lake Superior, and Grand Ma- rais' 42 was a sample of the (shill in that sector. Quake Jolts Central California WATSONVILLE, Calif. (ffl Central California's embassy documents to the Aus earthquake in nearly two years traiian government. Thepaper jolted a 150-mile stretch along the' West Coast yesterday, frightening thousands, causing widespread minor damage to buildings and temporarily blocking a highway east of here. A panicked crowd of some 500 rushed for the doorways of a dog show at the fairgrounds five miles WASHINGTON (tfv-Secretary of the Army Stevens agreed today once suggested that Sen. McCarthy lay off his probe for Communists at Ft. Monmouth, N. J., and let the Army handle it. He denied, however, that he was "afraid" of the Wisconsin senator. Stevens made the statements under hammering cross-examina- tion by special counsel Ray Jenkins at the third day of hear- ings into the ro.w between the Wisconsin senator and high Army officials. A little earlier, the ordinarily quiet spoken secretary testified that McCarthy's "publicity tac- tics" at Ft. Monmouth had causec "a great deal of misinformation and excitement." But Stevens con- ceded McCarthy did "speed up" some suspensions. Jenkins demanded to know whether Stevens had not gone to New York City last November to "make peace with Sen. McCar- thy" after telling jiewsmen in Washington that there was no "current espionage" at Ft. Mon- mouth. "No, Stevens said, laugh- ing. Stevens said he did not go to STew was last Novem- he was afraid of Mc- Carthy, but because it was "in ine with my policy of cooperat- ng with Congress." He denied the Russ Diplomat Given Permit to Leave Australia CANBERRA, Australia UP) Prime Minister Robert G. Menzias says Russia's diplomats here, packing for home after a break in Soviet-Australian relations, can go any time. But the Soviets still held back exit permits today for the Australian Embassy staff in Moscow. Acting Foreign Minister Sir! wesk of Nov. 12-16 when McCar- trip was to get McCarthy to call off his probe. Investigation Discussed Jenkins asked him if the secre- tary had not discussed turning the investigation over to the Army. replied Stevens. "I said I didn't like the constant ham- mering of the Army in the head- ines. That's what I objected to." What he told McCarthy, Stevens continued, was that the Army wanted to take over the Ft, Mon- mouth inquiry, make "progress re- and then if it failed to do he job McCarthy's ould step back in. "So at no time did I ever want im to cease and Stevens sserted, Stevens said under questioning, H. tUntcl gation of the feud between Mc- Carthy and military officials, Stev- ens said the Army had information on its own on all cases brought to light by McCarthy. Six persons had been suspended before McCarthy came into the Ft. Monmouth picture, he said, and later there were 27 more suspen- sions. 13 Back Work Of those suspended, Stevens said, 13 have been put back to work n non-sensitive positions pending further investigation. Sixteen ca.ses committee have been heard ?nd boards are in process of making reports. Six jat he had invited McCarthy and is committee to have meals at tevens' expense at the Merchants' lub in New York City, during the Dhilip McBride handed the Rus- sian ambassador a note yesterday rejecting demands that the Can- jerra government hand back Vladimir Petrov and his wife. The note replied to the Kremlin's :ommunication last week severing liplomaric relations between the wo countries because the fugitive Russian couple had been granted olitical asylum here. The Soviets randed Petrov a "criminal" who thy was holding hearings at a nearby courthouse. Jenkins, noting that McCarthy's committee then was investigating Stevens' department, asked if! Stevens thought this was "within the balance of propriety." Stevens an swered. Stevens denied he was trying 1 minimize the worth of McCarthy investigation, but testified th cases remain to be heard. Stevens' testimony about the Ft. Monmouth of toe points of friction between him and in response to questions from Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel to the Senate Inves- tigations Subcommittee. Noting that Stevens conceded some suspensions had been speed- ed up by the committee investiga- tion, Jenkins asked if McCarthy llegedly embezzled embassy funds Army's own probe for suspecte subversives at the big radar cente would have reached the same en if McCarthy had stayed out of th picture. Testifying at the Senate investi nd charged the Australians kit aped Mrs. Petrov, an embass ode clerk. Petrov, former third secretar the Soviet Embassy, has bee n hiding since he abandoned Com munism and turned over hundred north of here, bruising an unidenti-1 r fiArl 1C rMT-1 CVln Tinp flin D3SS. fied 16-year-old girl. She was the only injury reported. The shocks, recorded by the Uni versity of California seismograph for 20 minutes starting at p.m., PDT, were felt throughou: the San Francisco Bay area, 90 miles to the north. The UC seismograph at Berkeley registered an intensity of 5.2 on the 10-point Richter Scale, com- pared to more than 7 for the 1952 Kern County quake in which five died and 8V4 for. tie disastrous 1906 San Francisco quake. Dr. Perry Byerly, university seis- mologist, said the shocks centered about 75 miles south of Berkeley. Reports indicated the towns of Hollister, Gilroy and Watsonville ;ot the worst shaking. The San Andreas and Hayward ;eological of many in this area. In Watsonville, a lettuce-growing center of a police sergeant called it the "worst quake 've ever felt in my han the one in Santa Barbara when I was living there several years ago." Police estimated dam- age roughly at from to Chunks of concrete fell from the Bank of America building, plaster ropped from the ceiling and two walls of tht) bank cracked. purported to reveal a big Red sp; ring in Australia. The Soviets had ordered Austral ian Charge D'Affaires Brian Hill and his staff to leave Moscow b; last night. But yesterday source; in the Russian capital said thi departure of the envoy and thi two other men, three women ant two' children in the Moscow em now "conditional on y was developments in Australia." It was suggested that the sians might be using Hill as a hostage to get Tass correspondent Victor Antonov out of Australia without delay. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy, local thundershowers to- night and Tuesday. Warmer to' night, turning cooler late Tuesday. Low tonight 58, high Tuesday 65. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 66; minimum, 54; noon, 52; precipitation, .05. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, T3; minimum, 48; noon, 73; precipitation, .14; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observation) Max. temp. 68 at a.m. to- day. Low 55 at a.m. Scattered ayer of clouds at feet and overcast at feet. Visibility 12 miles with wind calm. Bar- ometer 29.71 faEing and humidity 61 per cent. Ji St. Paul-Born Mrs. Madison Jennings, 28, of St. Louis, Mo., uses a finger to wipe away the tears after being named Mrs. America 1955 at Ellinor Village in Ormond Beach, Fla., Satur- day night. "I'm was all the mother of an eight- year-old son between tears. Her husband is a former University of Minnesota stu- dent. Mrs. Jennings is a blue- eyed, strawberry blonde, 5 feet, 9% inches tall and weighs 135 pounds. Her measurements include bust, 35 inches; waist, 25 inches, and hips, 37 inches. (AP Wirephoto) of work that enhanced national security, time being of essence in detection of Communists" in the Army, Stevens replied that all could agree that subversives should be ousted as fast as possible. Jenkins asked if Stevens had not "damned with faint praise" the McCarthy investigation. The sec- retary denied any effort to dis- credit or halt the investigation and insisted he was just ".calling the shots "as I saw them." Never Wanted It Stopped Jenkins noted that McCarthy has alleged that "you wanted to stop" the investigation. "I never did any such Stevens snapped back. Much of the forenoon testimony dealt with Monmouth, but there were ai'so further probing.? into Stevens' contention that McCarthy and his aides sought by improper means to secure preferential treat- ment for Pvt, G. David Schine, drafted former consultant to the McCarthy committee. Stevens said he considered the Wisconsin senator's efforts in be- lalf of Schine were "extra- ordinary." And he said he felt Roy M. Cohn, counsel to McCarthy, acted with he "kno'wledge and a'pproval" of Sen. McCarthy in Cohn's requests or preferential treatment for chine. As for Francis P. Carr, another McCarthy aide, Stevens said his activities in behalf of Schine were 'extremely limited" as compared with Cohn's. Jenkins suggested the 85 meet- ngs. and telephone calls in which tevens said Schine was mentioned were not necessarily unusual. The counsel framed a hypotheti- al question as to whether a dozen alls about the Army treatment of ditch digger wouldn't be consid- red unusual. Jenkins suggested then that a ozen calls for a man who had special training in the investiga- on of espionage and whose work [as of vital importance to national might not be considered unusual. Without challenging Jenkins' hy- othetical description of Schine, tevens challenged the conclusion. 'I think it would be considered be declared.
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