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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 14, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonighf, Continued Mild; Cooler Thursday Big Leagues Open Story of First Games On Today's Sports Pages NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 122 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 14, 1954 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Oppenheimer Once Red, McCarthy Affidavits Say By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (fl Congres- sional groups took a wait-and-see that the accusations against Oppen heimer had been reviewed and dis- counted years ago. In notifying attitude today toward the govern- j him of his suspension, however, ment's suspension and investiga-1 the Atomic Energy Commission tion of pioneer atomic scientist J. (AEC) spoke of "additional inves- tigation" la-st year. The AEC said in a formal state- ment yesterday that President Ei- senhower had ordered "a blank wall" placed temporarily between Robert Oppenheimer grounds. on security Sen. McCarthy declin- ing to elaborate, said he has affi- davits purporting to show that Oppenheimer once was a member Oppenheimer, one of the chief de- of the Communist affilia- tion the scientist has categorically denied. velopers of the atomic bomb, and secret data to which he has had access for over 10 years. From, two other persons familiar Pending the report of an AEC with the case came statements investigating panel headed by for- NoS imois urprises in Primary By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL CHICAGO T. Meek, who calls himself a "no-label, un- hyphenated romped oft with the Illinois GOP senatorial nomination early today in the na- tion's first primary of 1954. The 50-year-old head of an or- tests on national issues, and prob- ably the lightest vote of any Illi- nois primary in at least 10 years. All 25 Illinois House members were renominated, including four committee chairmen who overpow- ered varying degrees of competi- tion. ganization of Illinois mer-1 In next November's Senate race, chants, Meek has sa'd he would i it will be Meek, a man who never mer Secretary of the Army Gordon Gray, Rep. W. Sterling Cole (R- NY) and Sen. Hickenlooper (R- lowa) fixed a hands-off policy for the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee. And McCarthy told newsmen at Phoenix, Ariz., that while Oppen- heimer's suspension was "long should have been taken years he has no plans now to get into the case with the Senate investigations subcommittee he heads. 'I wouldn't want to interfere with anything that is being he said. "As-long as the adminis- tration continues to act, there is no Senate Banking Investigate FHA Chairman Capehart Promises Full and Complete Probe By ROWLAND EVANS JR. WASHINGTON UP) The Senate Banking Committee raced today to beat the field to a public invest! gallon of a multimillion-dollar housing scandal that apparently has flourished under both the Tru- man and Eisenhower admin- support most but not necessarily all of President Eisenhower's pol icies. But he says, too, he is nei ther "a Taft-Republican nor an Ei aenhower-Republican." Yesterday's balloting producec DO surprises, no upsets, no rea Joseph T. Meek has run for public office before, against Paul H. Douglas, a first- term Democrat. Douglas had no opponent in thi Democratic primary. Goes Far Ahead Meek easily outdistanced Ed ward A. Hayes and left seven oth ers in a nine-man field strung ou back in the dust. Hayes is a for mer national commander of the American Legion. Robert B. Chiperfield, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Com- mittee, finally beat back the chal- lenge of Atty. Lawrence Stickell and took the Republican congres- sional nomination in a district he las represented 16 years. Harold H. Velde, chairman of :he Un-American Affairs Commit- ee, had an easier time of it with Robert Allison, a state represen- tative for 20 years. Chairman Leo Allen of the Rules iommittee pushed past three op- ponents with no trouble, and Chair- man Chauncey Reed of the Judi- iary Committee took a pair of -ontestants into camp. All four chairmen were expected o win. And their victories prob- ably will result in Republican claims that they offer an endorse- ment of the administration pro- ram and the way it is being handled in Congress. While the senatorial and congres- sional scraps commanded a meas- ure of national interest, Illinois vo- ters were more concerned with lo- cal races and issues. The vote in Chicago was the lowest in some 20 years. TODAY Oppenheimer Background Explained ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON It may seem odd that anyone should be called upon to defend the loyalty of the man who, more than any other man, first gave this country the atomic bomb. Ever since the war, after all, the atomic bomb has been the principal military weapon in the free world's arsenal in the struggle against Soviet imperial- ism. Yet this man, the great physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer is nowjy0Yes reason for us to move in." Discussing the Princeton, N. J scientist's case with newsmen McCarthy said, "I have affidavit that show that he was a membe of the Communist party" and tha he had "hired and recruited dividual? who were Communists o at least had been Communists t landle atomic work." The senato did not say who had made tin affidavits. Oppenheimer, 49, has freely ac knowledged associating with some Communists and fellow traveler (Continued on Page 4, Column 5 OPPENHEIMER Agriculture Dept. Budget Boost Asked WASHINGTON W _ The House Appropriations Committee appeared to be on the run today before a coalition drive to give the Agriculture Department a big- ger budget than it sought. Rep. H. Carl Andersen managing the bill for the commit- tee, said he was doubtful if he could hold the line when the House today consideration of ac- :ual money allotments. Andersen told newsmen he would oppose all amounts recommended by an Ap- propriations subcommittee of which he is chairman. But, he added, "a lot of pressure appar- ently has been applied from some- where to raise the figures." Andersen's subcommittee, with 'ull committee approval, held the Agriculture Department to the in new cash it request- ed but boosted by the it sought in new lend- ng authority for the fiscal year Starting July 1, In the first test of strength Mon- day, the committee was upset as the House voted to add or research activities. Andersen and most committee members opposed the increase, Chairman Capehart (R-Irid) sum moned his committee to a closed session to prepare for a quick start of a "full and complete" probe aimed at ferreting out "the facts and the truth" of charges that Fed- eral Housing Administration (FHA) officials allowed unscrupul- ous home repair salesmen to cheat unsuspecting householders. The Banking Committee, said Capehart, also will investigate al- legations that slick apartment house by either dishonest or inefficient FHA offi- millions out of gov- ernment-guaranteed loans pegged well above the cost of their pro- jects. Abusei Cited Complaints of abuses under the home improvement program, it has been disclosed, were made under both the Truman and Eisenhower administrations. Suspect apartment project fi- nancing occurred under the post- World War II "middle income" housing program, which expired in 1950. The alleged irregularities and administrative laxities came to light Monday night when the White House abruptly announced that FHA Commissioner Guy T. 0. Hollyday had resigned the post to which President Eisenhower had named him a year ago. Yesterday, Eisenhower named Gorman P. Mason, a Massachu- setts lumber dealer, to serve as acting FHA commissioner while he executive parent lousing and Home Finance Agency and the its probe. Capehart seemed somewhat mif- ed when he was told that Sen. Byrd (D-Va) had announced his 'oint Congressional Committee on leduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures would hold a hearing n the situation next Tuesday. "I don't know what authority ien. Byrd has over Capehart aid. "There can be no question hat this is our concern." The Banking Committee has jur- sdiction over housing matters. Both Byrd and Capehart said they had alerted, government hous- ng chiefs to apparent skiilldug- ;ery long ago. Reported Byrd said he told officials last uly that "unconscionable profits" Low vote and all, this was one wnich was approved by a standing primary that went off strictly ac-! vote of 59-38, subject to a roll call cording to the dope in the form j vote before final passage today, sheets. Meek was the favorite in the GOP senatorial sweepstakes on the basis of strength outside Chicago and support of 33 of the 34 state senators. Hayes was figured in sec- ond place because of popularity in Chicago and among legionnaires and veterans. Next Best Bets Austin L. Wyman, former chair- man of the Chicago Crime Commis- sion, and Park Livingston, former president of the Illinois University Board of Trustees, looked like the next best bets. They ran third and fourth. With Chicago votes coming in first as usual, Hayes pulled away to a brief, thin lead. Meek over- took him when downstate returns Support for the larger research funds came from Democrats and Republicans alike, and the same group was ready to try for higher allotments for other activities. French Fear New Attack on Dien Bien Phu HANOI, Indochina UP) The "anTledbyTfew hundred French command announced diiu iea ay a lew nunarea -_vf "in. Bidault Accepts NATO for Asia French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault, right, directed U. S. Sec. of State John Foster Dulles toward the camera following the latter's arrival in Paris Tuesday from London. Dulles flew to.Paris to discuss united action against Communist aggression in southeast Asia. He declared the common purpose of the western allies should end-the war in speedily. (AP Wirephoto) under attack. As recently counting started. ed by these reporters hearings are i From then on_ u was Mgek currently being held to determine whether or not Dr. Oppenheimer is a loyal American citizen. What is more, Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy is making preparations to rescue himself from his present low po- litical estate by destroying Oppen- heimer. Bad Judgment It is true, as his friends andi admirers admit, that there was a time in the late '30s and early 40s when Dr. Oppenheimer showec bad political judgment. It is al- ways conceivable that he showec worse than bad is -conceivable in these times o) the wars of political religions. But to those who know the brilliantly able Oppenheimer, this is only conceivable in theory, Dr. Oppenhsimer will certainly have a fair hearing from the board of three fair-minded men, headed by Former Secretary of the Army Gordon Gray, who have been re- cruited to hear his case. But he will have anything but a fair hear- ing from McCarthy. And just be- cause he is unquestionably vulner- able to McCarthy's brand of at- tack, it is worth trying to under- stand how so brilliant a man came to exercise bad political judgment a decade and a half ago. This attempt may be futile, in these days when the old Biblical not lest ye De accounted positively subversive in some quarters. But (Continued on Page 16, Column 5) ALSOPS the way, building up a steadily in- creasing lead. In the end, he even passed Hayes in Chicago and Cook County and headed for a victory margin of around votes. Even so, Hayes refused to admit defeat. "I will not he said, "until the final count." At 5 a.m., EST, with counts in from of the state's pre- cincts, the standings were: Meek Hayes Wy- man and Livingston WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and able cloudiness tonight and Thurs- day forenoon with local showers. Partly cloudy Thursday afternoon. Continued mild tonight, cooler late Thursday. Low tonight 50, high Thursday 62. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 79; minimum, 53; noon, 79; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 77 at noon today, low 56 at a.m. today. Other upon layer of clouds at feet, visibility over 15 miles, wind from the southeast at .2-miles-per-hour, barometer at 29.68 falling, humidity 51 per cent. I tonight V'ietminh troops were "in- creasing their pressure" on the northwest corner of the fortress at Dien Bien Phu, which may be pre- liminary to launching a new at- tack. The command spokesman said the Communist-led rebels had dug trenches close to the barbed wire defenses of the French in that sec- tor where the Vietminh masses have repeatedly fried to break through. He announced the Vietminh Tues day night exploded dozens of tor- pedo banglores under the steel matting of the main air strip in their second such attempt to crip- ple French planes from using it. Engineers speedily repaired the previous damage. Loss in Produce Plant Fire at Staples STAPLES, Minn, fcB Loss was estimated at upwards of in a fire which roared through the plant of the Staples Produce Co. late Tuesday night. W. F. Hall, owner of the plant, said his estimate covered the building and contents. Included were a cold storage freezer, poul- try dressing machinery and a quantity of dressed birds and eggs. The blaze was discovered in the frame building shortly before 10 p.m. and had great headway before [irst firemen arrived. Six hoselines "ailed to stem progress of the flames. !ere being made. Capehart, who aid he will ask the Senate for to conduct his probe, 1 a i m e d "we have repeatedly arned" housing officials to police oan insurance activities with care. In Oklahoma City, Internal Rev- enue Commissioner T. Coleman Andrews said his agency was re- sponsible for kicking off the FHA investigation. "We found a lot of people were making loans for a good deal more than the (apartment) buildings cost to he told a news conference. "They would then collapse their loans and pocket the profit." Housing Administrator Cole has said that in 251 cases already un- covered apartment promoters have netted 75 millions in "windfall" profits and that "many, many more" such cases are likely to be turned up. Cole acknowledged yesterday that he was told of the alleged Britain to Keep Troops in Europe LONDON pledged today to keep troops on the Euro- pean continent as long as there is a threat of aggression. To speed French ratification of the six-nation European Army Treaty, Britain also offered to integrate army and air force units in the European Defense Community. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden announced the pledge in the House of Commons to quiet fears in among left wing La- borites at rearming abuses nine months ago by both .-JU u Byrd and the Internal Revenue Jan lc area' Service, and he explained the delay in taking action stemmed from "considerable research and study' needed to tell "how widespread toe abuses were." McCarthy Demands Army Tell Him Of Special Pleas WASHINGTON Sen. McCar- thy (R-Wis) disclosed today he has asked that the Pentagon report to him the number of requests it has had from members of Congress and government the be- ginning of World War "spe- cial assignment and treatment" of military personnel. McCarthy, whose alleged pressur- ing for special treatment of a draft- ed aid figures in his row with the Army, made public a letter to Secretary of Defense Wilson asking for a report also on: 1. What facilities the Defense Department has maintained, and what personnel it has assigned, to landle such requests. 2. "Whether the conversations jetween the- .members of the Cpn- ress and Officials in the executive jranch and these personnel have been recorded 'or monitored in any way." West Germany. West German units would be in- cluded in the projected one-uni- form European army. The U. S.-backed EDC treaty has been ratified by the Netherlands, Belgium, West Germany and Lux- embourg. Only Italy and France have yet to enact the treaty legis- lation. The British pledge represented an effort by London to meet a con- dition attached by the French as- sembly to its own consideration of the British associa- tion with the defense organization. Explaining the agreement reach- ed Tuesday with the six EDC countries, Eden said: "Her majesty's government lias undertaken to continue to maintain on the mainland of Eu- rope, including Germany, such armed forces as may be necessary and appropriate to contribute a fair share of the forces needed for the joint defense of the North At- France, which has been hesitant for German rearmament, has in- sisted upon three preconditions be- fore putting the scheme up for parliamentary approval. These are: 1. Close British association with EDC and a London guarantee against withdrawal of British troops from the continent. France regards these troops as necessary to balance the proposed 12 West German divisions that EDC would bring into being. 2. A similar guarantee from the United States against withdrawal of American divisions. A U. S. pronouncement assuring the French the United States has no present intention of withdrawing its troops from Europe is expected some time before the EDC pact comes up for French ratification. The French assembly is scheduled to take up the treaty after its Eastsr recess, which also means after the Geneva conference on Asian affairs. 3. Settlement of the French-Ger- man dispute over future control of Dulles in Paris After Obtaining OK in Britain Ten-Nation Treaty Would Give Southeast Asia Wall Against Reds PARIS proposals for a military alliance to block Communist aggression in Southeast Asia were accepted by French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault in discussions today with U. S. Secretary of State Dulles, informed sources said. A 10-nation pact is contemplated under the arangements announced in London Tuesday by Dulles and Plan Generally Supported by Congressmen British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden. No official announcement of re- sults of the Dulles-Bidault talks had been issued by midafternoon. But informants said Bidault ap- proved the Dulles-Eden plan be- cause it "reconciles the views of the two great European powers with those of the United States." This morning's talks were de- voted entirely to the Far East sit- uation, especially that in Indo- china. The informants gave this ac- count: Bidault began with an expression of thanks to the United States for ihe material aid granted the French Union forces in Indochina. He explained France wishes to reach a solution of the Indochinese conflict "as quickly as possible in order to meet her obligations to- ward the Indochinese Associated States and suppress once and for all the dangers of Communist in- rusion in this sector so important to Southeast Asia." Alliance Explained Dulles replied with a detailed account of his talks in London and an explanation of the 10-nation alliance which he and Eden have suggested. The French-American discussions jvere extremely cordial, although Jidault stressed that the French are opposed to any measures being :aken before the April 26 Geneva onference on Asian problems. After the talks, Bidault was host o Dulles and his aides and French ministry officials at lunch. Dulles later was to meet Premier oseph Laniel and perhaps ex- imperor Bao Dai, chief of- state E Viet Nam. In 'London, the Conservative )aily Mail tagged the "SEATO" Southeast Asia Treaty the NATO-like Jacific lineup against Red aggres- ion which Dulles and British For- ign Secretary Eden agreed Tues- ay they would work for. to approve EDC because it calls the coal rich Saar. French observers preferred Continued on Page 3, Column 3.) BIDAULT 23 Cars Wrecked As Freight Derails WAUSAU, Wis. Chicago North Western Railway freight train derailed about one mile west of the city limits here Tuesday tearing up more than 300 feet o track and wrecking 23 cars. No one was injured. Ole Paulson, Antigo, conductor of the train, said he did not know what caused the wreck, but esti mated it would take at least two days to clear the track. .By JACK BELL WASHINGTON American- British move to weld a defensivt military alliance against Commu- nism in the Pacific won strong backing today from two Senate Republican leaders. But Sen. Mansfield (D-Mont) said in a speech prepared for tht Senate that unless France grants complete independence to Indo- china the forthcoming Geneva con- ference may end in "unmitigated disaster" inviting World War HI. Chairman Ferguson (R-Mich) of the Senate Republican Policy Com- mittee and Chairman Wiley (R- Wis) of the Senate Foreign Rela- tions Committee praised an agree- ment reached in London between Secretary of State DuUes and Brit- ish Foreign Minister Eden to work for organization of a" military al- liance to guard Asia against fur- ther Communist aggression. Approve Plan In separate interviews, both sen- ators expressed hope that Dulles will be able to persuade the French to join in a "united ac- tion" program aimed primarily at saving Indochina. Ferguson said the Dulles-Eden statement showed a determination of their two nations to join "in the cooperation that is essential to combat Communism in the Pa- Thii Is Part Of The Wreckage of a 51-car freight train that was derailed one mile west of Wausau, Wis., Tuesday. North Western Railroad officials estimated it would take .several days to clean up the wreckage of the. 23 derailed cars. Most of the cars were empty and no one was in- jured. (UP Telephoto) cific." "I hope the French will join with us in this he said. "We must be united if we are to save Indochina and the rest of Asia from the Communists." Wiley said he had long advocat- ed a Pacific pact similar to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization "This may be the answer to our troubles in the he "But it will have to be something more than just a paper agree- ment. If the free world really means it, a pact could made effective." Mansfield said American aid to the French in Indochina "has car- ried us to .the brink of full-seala involvement" in the war there, "For this he said, '.'Dul- les ought to press the French to guarantee full independence to Viet Nam, Cambodia and Laos as one of the "minimum conditions" to a united free world front at Geneva talks opening April 26. Mansfield, a Foreign Relations Committee member, visited Indochina last year. "It is clear now that the ad- ministration believes our strategic stake in Indochina is very Mansfield said. "It is also clear that we have been committed very deeply in Indochina, probably even to the extent of military ac- tion by American forces, Fear War "It is not clear, however, that the policies of the administration have yet established the minimum conditions to prevent Communist' seizure of Indochina without full- scale war. It is not clear that these conditions are even under- stood by the administration. "In a few days the secretary of state will be in Geneva. When that ime comes, it will be too late :o improvise solutions. It will be too late to prevent a settlement' negotiated from weakness rather han strength. It will be too late in short, to keep Indochina from "ailing or slipping into the net oil Communist totalitarianism, or per- laps, this country from an equally disastrous full-scale military ia- volvement in the conflict."
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