Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - April 2, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Snow Flurries, Cold Tonight; Cold Saturday Farm News Section Tonight Pages 10-13 NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 112 SIX CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, APRIL 1, 1954 EIGHTEEN PAGES Senate Votes Statehood For Hawaii and Alaska By FRANK W. VAILLE WASHINGTON and Alaska, fresh from a Senate tri- umph, headjd toward a new stacle today in their quest statehood. expressed hope President Eisen- hower could be persuaded to lift his own and his party's objections, ob-1 which have been based on the for expressed ground that Alaska is not yet ready to become a state. The Senate yesterday rebuffed Sen. Anderson (D-NM) said in an efforts of opponents 10 sidetrack a j interview, "All he's got to do is bill to admit both territories as j take his foot off Alaska and this states and passed it 57-28. j bill will pass." But some lawmakers, predicting I House Republican leaders al- trouble in the House, felt the have announced they do not ate victory might turn into an I favor inclusion of Alaska in the a bill providing statehood for Ha- waii alone. The measure the Senate parsed yesterday could go to conference between the two houses, but one member's objection from the House floor could block such han- ironic April Fool's joke. j legislation. The Republican-domi- bottled up for 10 months. Danger to the statehood bill in nated House Rules Committee has the House comes from the Senate's j kept an Alaska statehood proposal action, largely maneuvered by Democrats, tying in Alaska to what was originally a bill to admit only Hawaii. Some Alaska statehood advocates dling except by action of the Rules Committee. Sen. Cordon floor man- ager for the bill, said he does not know whether the House would accept the tandem bill but he pointed, out it has previously passed bills to give each territory statehood. To Press White House Arab Delegates AskU.N.to Censure Israel Asks Investigation Of Raid on Jordan Village In the past, Alaska has usually i He said he plans to press the voted Democratic, Hawaii Repub- lican. The House last summer passed Senators Ask Pledge Of Impartiality by Committee's Counsel By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON Investigating senators said today they will ask Samuel P. Sears for new assurances that he could be fully impartial as special counsel in probing a row between Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and top Army officials. Sen. Potter (R-Mich) said he for one will ask Sears to reflect on prior utterances praising McCarthy, and then say "if he still feels he can do an impartial investiga- tion." Sen. Jackson another Senate Investigations Subcommit- "f P g tee member who had a hand in I QQ I 3ClS ne2otiations which brought On Bomb Hidden White House for endorsement of the legislation, adding: "I didn't do all this work for nothing." Cordon and Anderson, along with Senators Butler Millikin (R-Colo) and Murray were named as on the bill. Thirty three Senate conferees Republicans, 23 By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON hydrogen i bomb tests that are worrying the world, also render an old issue more acute than ever. How far is our government justified in hiding facts of life and death from our people? Sears to the job, said he also wants that done when the sub- committee again meets with Sears probably Monday. Sears, who flew back to Boston after meeting with the subcom- mittee here yesterday, told news- men upon his arrival there he feels he has "not done anything that would disqualify The prominent Boston trial lawyer told a news conference here yesterday he was determined to tackle the job as counsel "as dispassionately as I without any "partisanship." No Starsd on McCarthy Democrats and 1 independent joined forces in passing the bill over the opposition of 9 Republi- cans and 19 Democrats. The final vote came after the (Continued on Page V, Column 6) SENATE Gen. Vandenberg Succumbs at 55 The question must be asked, Asked whether he had ever since the new chairman of the j taken a stand on "McCarthy or Atomic Energy Commission, Adm. he told the report- Louis Strauss, has quietf.y inaugu-! ers: "Not publicly, and not pri- rated a new censorship policy. The j vately." result of this new policy is to Sen. Mundt who will burke serious discussion of the vast problems of national policy that are raised by the terrible weapons be- ing tried out in the Pacific. Pre- sumably, this is also the aim. Before Strauss took over the AEC chairmanship, this censorship policy was both liberal and sen- sible. A writer on atomic subjects was permitted to submit he had written for review by the AEC. Although the AEC might dislike it for one reason or another, the ar- preside at the televised public hearings, said Sears had given similar assurances at a closed meeting at which he agreed to take the post. So did other subcommit- tee members. Potter told reporters he had "no reason to doubt" that Sears would be impartial. But he said the pub- lic is entitled to renewed assur- ances because of reports that Sears had in the past made state- WASHINGTON Hoyt S. UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. Arab delegates pressed today for urgent U.N. Security Council meeting to bring Israel to task for the latest border killings in neighboring Jordan. Israel quickly j branded the move an "effort to cover up Jordanian guilt" by spot lighting isolated cases. Lebanon, sole Arab member of the 11-nation council, called form- ally last night for a hearing on the raid last Sunday night on the Jor- danian village of Nahalin in which nine Arabs were killed. Lebanon said it was acting on behalf of Jordan, which is not a member of the U.N. Meanwhile, Western delegations studied the possibility of a broader hearing on the whole worsening situation in Palestine. The latest Arab demand for action in the U.N. was made in a letter from Lebanese Delegate Edward A, Rizk to Russia's An- drei Y. Vishinsky, president of the Security Council this month. Rizk said he hoped the council would take up the matter next week. The Lebanese letter followed a complaint by Jordan's Foreign Minister Hussein F. K h a 1 i d i Wednesday to U.N. Secretary Gen- eral Dag Hammarskjold asking for "drastic and efficient action" im- mediately to prevent any more Israeli raids on Jordan. Plea to Big Three Israel herself, on March 25 made an urgent plea to the West- ern Big Three for immediate council action on the Arab slaying of 11 Jewish passengers aboard a Negeb Desert bus March 17. Israel charges the attackers were from nearby Jordan but Jordan denied this. A. U.N. armistice commission investigated the Nahalin raid and condemned Israel last Tuesday "in the strongest terms" for the attack. It called on Israel to seize and punish those responsible. Israel had boycotted the com- mission, on which Israeli and Jor- danian representatives normally sit, because its U.N. chairman, U.S. Navy Cmdr. Elmo Hutchison, had refused to denounce Jordan for the bus massacre the week before. Hutchison and the Jordan mem- bers reported the Nahalin attack wa.s carried out by a "large group of militarily trained Israelis." Israeli officials have claimed it was a vengeance raid for the kill- Jewish un chN ew Indochina Attack REOS ADVAHCE TO WITHIN 1000 YARDS Of FORTRESS DIEN BIEN PHU 14O5 I s? i i 4 Vientiane N FRENCH INDO-CHINA THAILAND ftEQS IKVAQE CAMBODIA AND SU8KOUHD TOWH OF YQEUJI Sftf Thousands Of Screaming Communist troops broke through Dien Bien Phu's .western defenses in Indochina today and advanced Reds died in this asault. In a separate action, 500 miles away, regular Viet Minn forces invaded Cambodia in the south and surrounded Voeun Sai, 40 miles inside the border, (UP Telephoto) 'A-Bombs'toFal! On Twin Cities in Civil Defense Test ST. PAUL- W) Make-believe atomic bombings of the Twin Cities -d simulated sabotage at Dulutt retirement from service last June mght watchman shortly before. defense workers a ments praising McCarthys fight tide or book was automatically against Communism which Potter passed if it met one simple test, j said were not; mentioned in yes- terday's discussions with him. Boston newspaper files showed 'Too Sensitive' The author had to show that all facts cited were derived from pub lie sources, or had been deduced by analysis of unclassified informa- tion. In other words, if the author could prove that he tnly used facts that Sears hailed McCarthy's re- election in November 1952 and said in a statement that the Wisconsin senator "has done a great job and which were certainly available to the Russian intelligence, he was free to pass those facts on to the American people, together with his conclusions from them. In the opinion of Adm. Strauss, edited so as he out however, what the Soviet intelli- will continue to do drives the 'pinks and Commies of government." Sought to Raise Funds The Harvard Crimson, student- daily at the university. quoted Sears on Nov. 12, 1952, as genee must certainly know is much j saying he tried to raise money to too strong meat for the people of j help McCarthy's campaign for re- this country. Accordingly, he has election, to counter an anti-McCar- now adopted the new system of re- professors. The Crimson said Sears told it fusing to review any article or book dealing with subjects which are, in his sole judgment, "too sensitive. This means, for all practical died today. He was 55. Death came at p.m. "General as he was known to airmen everywhere, had been a patient in the Army's Walter Reed Hospital here since last Oc- Charges Cover-Up In a statement on Lebanon's demand for council action, an Israeli delegation spokesman here said, "The recent sequence of vio- lenc was begun by constant Jor- danian murders.' S g "for He said the Arab complaint was was j an effort "to cover up this Jor Iflftt" J.. 1__ _ rt in an interview that "I chased the senator all over Wisconsin try- purposes, that any subject which" jng to start a fund and Strauss arbitrarily tags as "too j that "I felt that attempts to defeat sensitive cannot be written about i at all. To illustrate, the writer of (Continued on Page 13, Column 6) a magazine article may have his list of public sources for every fact he refers, to. He may not even have talked to anyone with access to classified data of any kind. But if the AEC has not reviewed what he has written, he is still liable to prosecution after publication. In addition, the magazine that accepts (Continued on Page 4, Column 3) ALSOPS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and continued cold tonight with occasional snow flurries in evening. Saturday generally fair and continued cold. Low tonight 15 in city, near 10 in country; high Saturday 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, '48; minimum, 23; noon, 23; precipitation, .11; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Centrsl Observation) Max. temp. 47 at p.m. Thursday, Low 21 at a.m. to- day. Broken layer of clouds at 000 feet, visibility five miles with wind from the northwest at IS miles per hour, barometer 30.25 rising, humidity 68 per cent. sick to receive many visitors. The Air Force declined to state the nature of his illness but private physicians who attended him in a 1952 operation said it was found then that he was suffering from cancer the prostate gland, and that subsequently the malignancy spread to the hips, spine and other bones. The second man to hold the job of Air Force Chief of Staff, Van- denberg succeeded Gen. Carl (Tooey) Spaatz. In that role, he led the fight to rebuild the U. S, Air Force, dismantled after World War II, into a position of world air leadership. It was Vandenberg who decided to concentrate the nation's air might in long-range, speedy planes capable of striking deep into the heart of any enemy anywhere in Council to devote its attention to one of the isolated consequences of Jordanian aggression without examining this aggression in its general terms." the state control center and out- state control headquarters a tesl run June 14-15. The test will be part of "Opera- tion an exercise in which all states, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Alaska and Canada will partici- pate. Col. E. B. Miller, Minnesota Civil Defense director, .said the exercise is based on assumptions made by the federal Civil Defense Admini- stration which involve "atomic bomb drops" on 42 critical target areas in the nation. Hospital Anti-Strike Law Ruled Valid ST. PAUL A state law prohibiting strikes in charitable hos- pitals was ruled constitutional today by the Minnesota Supreme Court. The unanimous decision was handed down in a controversy be- tween a labor union and nine Minneapolis hospitals over terms of a contract. Known as the Minnesota Charitable Hospitals Act, the law was passed by the 1947 Legislature and requires arbitration of issues in dispute between union workers and charitable hospitals, but bans the j union's right to strike. j Public Building Service and Hos- pital and Institutional Employes Union Local No, 113, AFL, appealed from a decision of Judge Rolf Fos- seen in Hennepin County District Court in favor of the nine hospitals. Hospitals involved were Fair- view, Asbury Methodist, Lutheran Deaconess Home, Nicollet Hospi- tals, Inc., Northwestern, St. Barna- bas, St. Mary's, Swedish Hospital and trustees of the Westminster church. Associate Justice Thomas F. Gal- lagher, who wrote the decision af- 13 hlgh students, firming the lower court, said the Witnesses said several students Freight Train Hits School Bus, 13 Students Hurt YAZOO CITY, Miss, A slow- ly moving freight train crashed into a school bus at Yazoo City J. U-l U-td i. crossing today, injuring at least I tor off a'nd on throughout yester- French Beat Back Each Fresh Assault No Chance to Estimate Losses On Either Side By LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina 00-The Viet- minh threw thousands of fresh troops into a two-pronged pincen attack on besieged Dien Bien Phu today, smashing repeatedly at both the northwestern and south- eastern approaches to the heart of the French Union bastion. A brief French communique said the defenders had "violently coun- terattacked" the Communist-led rebels each time they rushed at the two corners of the hill-encircled plain 175 miles west of Hanoi. There was savage hand-to-hand fighting as the French forces re- seatedly beat back the rebels try- ng to break through into jlain's headquarters center. With major French attention concentrated on Bien Phu, new dispatches received in Paris said a large force of Vietminh reg- ilars had crossed from Laos into he southwest Indochina kingdom of Cambodia and had captured Voeune Sai, in the northeast corner of the state. French and Cambod- an troops were reported rushing to the town. To French It was the first invasion by the Communist-led regulars into Cam- >odia, where previously only scat- ;ered bands of Viitminh. guerrillas lave operated. The move, it ap- peared obvious, was designed to weaken the French defense of Dien Bien Phu. As the second major yietminh attempt to overwhelm Dien Bien 'hu raged on into its third day, he fighting was so furious the Drench had no chance to estimate the losses on either side. They had aid earlier that the rebels lost ome of their estimated 00 attackers in the first 48 hours. The attack on the northwest wai .he first in that sector of the cur- ent drive on the French fortress, though the rebels in their first lass frontal attack on the plain three weeks ago had taken two osts in the center of the northerc efense perimeter. In the current attack, until to- ay, they had kept a division of orne men poised on the Iain's western fringes while two ther divisions attacked repeatedly n the east and southeast. The French admitted last night ley had lost three eastern out- osts but said the heart and main, rteries of the bastion were still itact. Fighting raged in that sec- Legislature under its police power could enact legislation regulating labor relations in charitable hos- pitals. Wisconsin Woods Fire Hazard High TOMAHAWK, Wis. sin's dry northwoods and marsh- ands are building up to the worst fire conditions in 20_ years, an offi- cial of the State Forest Protec- tion Headquarters said Thursday. appeared critical and hospital au- thorities listed nine as seriously hurt. Bus driver J. H. Moore said his brakes failed, allowing the bus loaded with some 30 students to roll onto the Illinois Central Rail- road track in front of the train. The injured, from 14 to 18 years of age, jammed the King's Daugh- ters Hospital. Attendants rushed more seriously injured to the op- erating rooms and treated others in the halls. The Mushroom from the explosion of a hydrogen bomb in Operation Ivy in the Marshall Islands in the fall of 1952 rises above layers of clouds. In 10 minutes.the cloud stem had pushed up 25 miles and the mushroom portion had spread for 100 miles. This is one of a series of pictures released by the Civil Defense officials, (Air Force photo via AP Wirephoto) These Before and after views of part of the Eniwetok Atoll, AEC Pacific proving grounds, in the 1952 fall hydrogen blast. (Top) The large, light gray outline is the sea covered coral reef. The island Elugelab was the test site for the blast. (Bottom) There is only a black hole, indicated by arrow at left, which once was the island Elugelab, after the blast. The water- filled crater is about a mile in diameter, sloping down to a maxi- mum of 175 feet. Four other islands are identified in the reef formation. (U. S. Air Force photo via AP Wirephoto) The Fireball of the hydrogen explosion, set off in the Eniwetok Atoll group of the Pacific in the fall of 1952, rises above the sea shortly after the blast was set off. This photo was made 50 miles from the detonation site at a height of some feet. (U. S. Air Force photo via AP Wirephoto) day as the black clad rebels, armed with containers of high ex- plosive, rushed through withering machine-gun fire to the barbed wire barricades. Hind-to-Hand Fighting The desperate French Union North Africans, Vietnamese, Thai tribesmen and Foreign hand to hand with those 'who broke through the fire. The French hit back also with six tank-led coun- terattacks into enemy hill positions around Dien Bien Phu. Despite the violent attacks, the garrison commander, Col. Christ- ian de Castries, radioed army headquarters in Hanoi last night that his troops' 'morale was high and he believed they could hold on although outnumbered 4-1. (In Paris, the French press agency. Reported that De Castries had appealed for more reinforce- ments.) Strong winds and Vietminh anti- aircraft fire made it difficult yes- terday for French planes to swoop low saucer-shaped valley to parachute in supplies and only means of supply- ing the fortress. American civilian pilots helped with the task, piloting giant Fly- ing Boxcars which dropped ammu- nition and other U. S, supplied war material. French bombers and fighters also made a record number of sor- ties yesterday. Police Overlook Own License Plates WAYNESBURG, Pa. M) _ Waynesburg's police force wore red faces yesterday. After warn- ing motorists that Tuesday mid- night was the deadline for 1953 Pennsylvania license plates, they discovered that someone had failed to order the new plate for the force's only patrol car.