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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 17, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Warmer Tonight With Occasional Periods of Rain Attend Winona's Spring Preview Friday, Saturday NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 98 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 17, 1954 FORTY-TWO PAGES The Shamrock is a flower of all nations come St. Patrick's Day, so it's not surprising to find an international flavor to a "wearing of the green" party at the Children's Aid center in New York City. Occasion honored teacher Pat Crawford, center, whose ancestors were Irish. Lending vocal bouquets are Frances Guerri, 4, left, of Italian origin and Ta Mei Lee, 5, Chinese. (UP Telephoto) House Vote on Tax Bill Due Wednesday By CHARLES F. BARRETT House heads today into battle over a Democratic drive for new income tax cuts for every- both sides claiming an advance scent of victory. Up for debate was a giant, 875-page bill overhauling almost all tax laws and providing about in revenue reductions the first year. The vote is sched- Ike Denies Claims WASHINGTON Eisenhower said today that congressional Democrats are in error in contending that the administration's new tax bill does not- give a fair share of relief to those in the lower income brackets. He com- meitted at a news conference as the House headed into a battle over a Democratic drive for income tax cuts for everybody. TODAY FDR Jr. Bids for N.Y. Job By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSO? WASHINGTON is a cer tain element of human drama in the determined bid of Franklin D, Roosevelt Jr., for the nation's sec1 ond most powerful political posl tion, the governorship of New York. If Roosevelt gets the Demo- cratic nomination, Le will very probably be pitted against Thom- as E, Dewey, the ancient riva! whom his father defeated for the .Presidency just ten years ago. There have been hints from Albany that Gov. Dewey is ready to bow out. But these hints are heavily dis- counted. Dewey himself is said to be thirsting for a return engage- ment with Franklin D. Roosevelt, even at one removed, and to be confident of the outcome. Moreover, Sen. Irving Ives, the only strong alternative to Dewey, stubbornly maintains that nothing on earth will persuade him to run for governor. The professionals be- lieve that Attorney General Her- bert Brownell, whose name has uled tomorrow. The overshadowing issue is a Democratic move to tack onto this bill a increase in individual income tax exemptions for each taxpayer and each further tax cut of a year, strongly opposed by Presi- dent Eisenhower. Rep. Mills chairman of the conference of House Demo- crats and a veteran member of the tax-writing Ways and Means Committee, said "I feel certain the Democratic motion will pass." Rep. Priest assistant Democratic whip, foresaw "a strong likelihood" that Democrats would win fay a very close vote. Sees GOP Victory But House Speaker Martin (R- Hass) just as staunchly predicted lepublieans would beat the Demo- cratic move and the House would pass the GOP-sponsored revision bill as it now stands, Martin said the margin would be "very com- fortable." And House Republican Leader Halleck of Indiana vowed: "The Democratic motion will not pass." gress. Privately, Republicans, on the whole appeared slightly more con- fident than Democrats, but there was plenty of nervousness on both sides over the outcome of the issue in this congressional election year. Secretary of the Treasury Hum- phrey appears before the Senate Finance Committee today to op- pose another tax cutting bill, one that would trim to 10 per cent Ike Defends Right to Hit Enemy Promptly Denies Program Radical Departure From Accepted WASHINGTON Ei- senhower said today any President ought to be impeached of even hanged who did not act immediate- ly if the country were attacked by an aggressor. The President told his news con- ference the "new look" military program which has been under attack by some Democrats repre- sents the best efforts to use mod- ern weapons and to conserve man- power in any war that might break out. He said there was no radical departure from accepted military principles but rather an effort to combine scientific developments, ;eographical factors and other ad- ances in a modern military machine. The President spoke out on the military situation after defending .he position taken by Secretary of State Dulles yesterday that it I would not be necessary for the chief executive to consult Congress a big-stakes in advance before acting to meet an attack. Not Foreseen Eisenhower said nobody could foresee every possible condition that might arise. He said he was not backing away from the state- ment he made last week that this country would not be carried into war without the approval of Con- gress. But he said, as an example of I w an extreme case, he could conceive] MOT LIKE BOSTON of word coming to him while he INW DV'J J WM was in the news conference that a great fleet of airplanes was coming from the south to destroy the United States. If any citizen would hold him guiltless if he sat there and tried to get action before acting him- self, the President said, he doesn't know who that citizen would be. Self preservation requires quick reaction by nations as well as in- j dividuals, the President observed. If you are attacked, he said, you don't say call the police, you fight back or at least you run. He said the situation was-some-' different before the Korean conflict began. The first orfler at the time of the North Korean at- tack was for air support to the South Koreans and he said there was plenty of time to go to Con- Bjornson GOP Choice To Battle Humphrey Hugh J. McCann, right, senior counselor of the Irish Embassy in Washington, called at the White House today and presented Presi- dent Eisenhower with a bowl of shamrocks from the people of Ireland. The Chief Executive is shown, pinning one of the sham- rocks on his lapel in observance of St. Patrick's Day. (UP Tele- photo) most federal excise, or sales, taxes now above that rate. Despite administration opposi- tion to the excise tax cut, Repub Nof Judging Case Without mentioning former Pres- ident Truman's name Eisenhower said he was not trying to judge the action in that case. Truman consulted congressional leaders be- fore acting in Korea but did not ask Congress for a declaration of war. Eisenhower discussed the mili- tary situation one day after the first official confirmation that the United States ha.s a usable hydro- St Patrick's Day Quiet in Ireland By JAMES F. KING DUBLIN, Ireland St. Pat- rick's Day came to the Irish Re- public today on the brink of a gen- eral the politically minded Irisfi-Mcrtike to be differ- ent forgot politics. It's an old Irish custom to bury the political hatchet on the nation- al holiday. Even that old fighter for Irish gen bomb. bee a chms of licans in Congress have put up I fdmmistration voices saying the little fight against it, apparently TTnew, dovesn l mean the following a general strategy of United States has no strategy concentrating on blocking the in- come tax reducing proposals. Three key congressional Demo- crats took their appeal to the nation last night in a radio and television broadcast to reply to an address by President Eisenhower the night before. House Democratic Leader Sam Raybura of Texas declared the Republican tax revision program eventually would provide six times would murdered at the polls. That leaves Dewey. And finally, if Dewey were to bow out this year, in the midst of the race track scandal, he would certainly be accused of quitting un- der fire. There is also a certain grim hu- man drama in the fact that young Roosevelt's greatest obstacle to the nomination is his own brother. Be- fore the publication of James Roos- evelt's unfragrant amatory remi- niscences. Franklin was universal- ly regarded as a shoo-in. Then the famous James Roosevelt letter gave Franklin s enemies includ- ing his father's former lieutenant, James A. Farley a cogent talk- ing point against his nomination. "The church it was said, "would never stand for it." And for a time it looked as though (Continued on Page 16, Columrt 5) ALSOPS Minneapolis to Be Postal Center for Minnesota, Dakotas WASHINGTON Minneapo- lis will be regional headquarters for Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota under Post Office Department plans to set up seven new postal' regions in its decen- tralization program. The program is designed to speed up postal administrative work by shifting to regional offices much of the work now done in Wash- ington. Officials will be established "in the near future." Postmaster General Summerfield said that 15 regions eventually will be established. Staffs for the new off it can continue to meet compara- tively minor threats in a variety of ways. Secretary of State Dulles, Adm. Arthur W. Radford, Sen. Knowland leader for his party in the Senate, and Rep. W. Sterling Cole, chairman of the Senate- House Atomic Energy Committee, .spoke out in different fields yes- terday. Most of the criticism of the "new look" has appeared to assume it involves putting all America's chips on "massive presumably with nuclear weapons cutting down the size of conventional ground forces. The critics ask, how can the United States order such retalia- tion against a Communist vital center without starting World War III? And if it has no alternate plan will it be forced in any situation to let the Communists get away with touch off atomic war? Cole said that the United States has the hydrogen bomb and NEW YORK homemade j can deliver it anywhere in the time bomb exploded at the peak of! world. the evening rush hour in the Grand j He also said it is a "fair assump- Central Station men's washroom tioo" that Russia, too, has the Tuesday, causing a great deal of] H-bomb. excitement and one minor injury Police found remains of the bomb, a timing mechanism and a length of 1'A inch pipe. They had no further clues. also been put forward, would be as mucn relief to the upper 20 mtivfjafcisl TVoJlc- That looT.'oe per cent income brackets as to the great majority of other tax- payers. He said "this is what the Repub- licans call a 'balanced' tax pro- gram." He told his listeners if they were among the 80 per cent of Americans who, he said, earn less than a year, "the Republi- can tax program offers you little or no relief at all." Time Bomb Set Off in Grand Central Station offices will be recruited "for the most part" from the ranks of ca- reer postal euployes, lie said. Youthful Heir Draws 3-Month Jail Term BALTIMORE UP) The 16-year- old fieir to -a estate was sentenced to three months in the Maryland House of Correction yes- terday for violating probation. Atwood H. Taylor, son of a cler- gyman, was picked up while driv- ing his late-model, high-powered car. Last month he was convicted of stealing a 16-year-old car worth S95. He was given a three-month suspended sentence and put on pro- bation for a year. One of the terms of the probation was that he not drive any automobile dur- ing that period. WEATHER AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observation) Max. temp. 50 at a.m. to- day. Low 32 at a.m. today. Noon temp. 50. Overcast at feet, visibility" 15 miles with wind from the southeast at 15 miles per hour. Barometer 30.14 falling and humidity 47 per cent. FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy and warmer tonight with occasional periods of light rain. Cloudy and moderate temperature Thursday with occasional light rain. Low to- night 34, high Thursday 50. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 53; minimum, 21; noon, 53; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Daubney, Dillon Nominated for St. Paul Mayor ST, PAUL Mayor John Daubney and Joseph Dillon, an attorney who had CIO support, were nominated for the city's top post in Tuesday's election. Complete, unofficial returns gave Daubney and Dillon Milton Rosen, a councilman, miss- ed the nomination. He ran third with votes. The five incumbent councilmen seeking re-election won nomina- tion. The seven others nominated included two women. The incumbent comptroller, Jo- seph J. Mitchell, and the two incumbent constables were also nominated. Reds Beaten Back in New Blows at French By.LARRY ALLEN HANOI, Indochina tm French Union defenders of Dien Bien Phu, scything down attack after attack, appeared today to be well on the road to a big victory over the Communist-led Vietminh. Rebel artillery opened another bombardment in the five-day battle for the strategic plain in the moun- tains of northwest Indochina and it may be the prelude to another mass infantry attack tonight. Key French positions were the targets of 105 and 75 millimeter guns. But American-supplied French responded shot for shot. It is too early to say the victory has been won. But, barring an un- forseen assault ending disastrously for the French, there was more than a good chance that the Viet- minh were not going to succeed in smashing this French stronghold in the Thai tribal country at the border of Vietnam and Laos. Some unofficial estimates put the rebel losses as high as dead and full division. The French took advantage of a momentary enemy withdrawal to parachute in a fresh battalion of reinforcements. Tanks and infan- try sallied forth from unthreatened defense positions to counterattack the enemy in encircling move- ments. freedom, Prime Minister Eamon de Valera, was away in London for the "blessing of the shamrock" among the British who pnce con- demned him to death. And any whooped it up in South Boston or along York's Third avenue President Has Full Confidence In Sec. Stevens Wisconsin Senator Agrees to Stand Aside as Chairman WASHINGTON Ei- senhower said today he has full confidence Secretary of the Army Stevens is telling the truth in his controversy with Sen. McCarthy The President told a news con- ference that if he didn't have con- fidence in Stevens' integrity, Stev- ens wouldn't be holding the job he iloes. Eisenhower said it may turn out lat Stevens has made some mis- takes, but he added that so far as the secretary's integrity and jpnor are concerned he stands be- hind Stevens. The question of who is telling he truth looms as the central issue for the developing Senate in- quiry into the row between Mc- Carthy and his chief counsel, Roy 'ohn, on the one hand and Army officials on the other. Expect to Be Called All the principals are expected to be called to testify under oath when the inquiry gets under way, wobabiy late next week, McCarthy said today he was will- ing to let Army lawyers cross- examine him. Army should be entitled iThave a lawye cross-examine ne and all adverse McCarthy said in an interview. ,i i i .jttivi AH aii would get almost homesick for a The President's remarks were March 17 among the Irish-Ameri- cans. There's no "drowning the sham- rock" here. All bars are closed on St. Patrick's Day. And for uttering a begorra it's the back of the hand to you comedian stuff in the new Ireland and frowned upon. The Emerald Isle of many farms celebrates instead with a parade showing off tremendous strides in industrial development. Few politicians even get in the marching. Some preliminary campaign blasts have been fired for the elec- tion set for May 18. De a formidable campaigner even though 71 and nearly to go to the people after his Fianna Fail party suffered setbacks in special elec- tions to fill vacancies in the Dail Fundamentally, there is little dif- ference in the outlook of Ireland's political parties. All are on common ground in pushing for more industries and in seeking to incorporate the six northern counties which are part of the United Kingdom. The test of strength will be be- tween De Valera and th.e Fine I Gaelers led by John Costello, 63- touched off by a question as to what effect the controversy be- 'tween McCarthy and Stevens may be having on Army morale. McCarthy said he would recom- mend that the investigations group adopt a special rule on cross-exam- only for this probe it ordered yesterday. Present rules allow only committee members and staff to cross-examine, though others may suggest questions. The Wisconsin senator has agreed to stand a.side as chairman while the subcommittee looks into Army charges that McCarthy and his chief counsel Roy Cohn tried to apply improper pressure to get special treatment for G. David Schine, a former unpaid subcom- mittee consultant who now is an Army private at Camp Gordon, Ga. To be probed at the same time are McCarthy's and Conn's coun- tercharges that Secretary of the Edward MeCauley, 92, who farms near Storden, Minn., in Cottonwood County, southwest- ern Minnesota, holds one of the shillelaghs he brought from Ire- land 71 years ago. MeCauley, who was born near Belfast in Ireland, exhibits his shillelagh each year on St. Patrick's Day for friends. (AP Photo) Democrats Will Fight to Keep Seat for Chavez WASHINGTON IB The Demo- cratic counterattack intended to jrevent unseating of Sen. Chavez ;p-NM) picks up its main ammu- nition one-man minority report by Sen. Hennings Hennings was the only Demo- cratic member of an election in- vestigation subcommittee which ooked into the 1952 New Mexico e n a t o r i a 1 election and then Tougat out a resolution declaring vacancy exists in the Senate as result of irregularities on such scale it was impossible to say ,'ho won the election. Over Hennings' opposition, the full committee yesterday adopted the resolution. The vote was strict- ly on party lines, five Republicans to four Democrats. Hennings files his minority report today. Now the issue goes to the Sen- ate, where Democrats have a one- vote edge. Sen. Knowland of California, Senate Republican leader, said he plans to bring the issue up for debate Monday and hopes to get a vote Tuesday. Remarks of one Republican member of the committee, McCar- Army Robert T. Stevens and John I thy of Wisconsin, seemed to sub- G. Adams, the Army's genera counsel, tried to "blackmail" them into an effort to ward off a sub committee investigation of alleged Communists in Army ranks. Serving as temporary chairman during this special probe will be Sen. Mundt a close asso ciate of McCarthy in past proceed, ings. Mundt said he preferred that year-old lawyer who was prime I some other Senate group not minister for the three years 1948 51 in a coalition government. Four other smaller bor, Farmers, Republicans and In. united against De Valera. There has been some talk of trying for a national govern ment. U.S. Can Expand Farm Market Abroad, Speaker Tells Forum MINNEAPOLIS Wl America has good prospects for expanding its foreign trade in farm products, the Minneapolis Farm Forum was told at closing sessions Tuesday. That was the word from Karl Brandt, associate director of Stan- ford University's food reseaech in- stitute, who offered this three- pronged program for increasing this trade: Free international trade from multitudes of restrictions and con- trols, including manipulated ex- change rates, licenses and quotas. Interest more private American capital in investing funds abroad, especially in raw material produc- ing areas, and lowering tariffs under reciprocal trade agreements and other measures that insure in- creases of exports, and Abandon price fixing for agricul- toral products at home and offer them abroad at world competitive prices under favorable terms of payments. Brandt said that if this plan was followed there was good prospect exports could contribute material- ly to domestic farm incomes. directly concerned with the con- troversy do the job, but he bowed to the will of the seven-man group, which voted yesterday to do its own investigating. Part of the proceedings will be in public, probably before tele- vision cameras. These hearings may come late next week. McCarthy will continue to serve on the subcommittee during the probe and thus, unless there are further rule changes, could play a dual of the investigator and the investigated. The senator has said he is "fully satisfied that no one on my staff is guilty of improper conduct or using any undue influence on the Army." He said he regards it as being of the "utmost im- portance" that the public get all of the facts in the case. Landlord Says Flat Not for the Birds DETROIT Vfi Landlord Paul Dingley and tenant William Kuz- man disagreed over how many parakeets Kuzman kept in his apartment. Dingley said there were "more than 50." Kuzman said only two sirs. Anyway, Dingley, complain- ng over "corn husks on the floor" and a "pine tree hanging from the raised the rent 'rom a month to Kuzman objected. Circuit Court Commissioner Wil- iam Krueger yesterday ordered Juzman to pay the rent, or va- cate. Kuzmsr, said he'd vacate. stantiate predictions that the un- seating move will have rough going on the Senate floor. Although he voted with hjs Re- publican colleagues in the com- mittee, McCarthy said in an inter- view later he had "reserved judg- ment" as to what he would do on the floor. Doubt has also been expressed by Republicans that Sen. Langer Serving 2nd Term as State Treasurer Move Seen to Head Off Stassen And Burnquist ST. PAUL Treasurer Val Bjornson announced today ht will file as a candidate for Republican nomination for U.S. senator when filing opens June 18. Bjornson, former radio com- mentator and newspaperman, is serving his second term as itate treasurer. The announcement that he would be a Senate candidate came after a long search by Republican lead-i ers for a candi-f date to oppose 1 Sen. Hubert! Humphrey, Dem-j ocratic Farmer} Laborite, and fol- j lowed by one day I authoritative re-1) ports that Atty.f Gen. Burnquist I planned to an-1 nounce his can- didacy. Bjornson Burnquist said he had no com- ment on Bjornson's announcement. Gov. Anderson, who has promised to disclose Thursday whether will be a candidate for re-election, also declined comment. While Bjornson long has been under consideration, it was be- lieved the announcement of his candidacy today may have been precipitated by publication Tues- iay of a story reporting that Burnquist was ready to file. Stassen Mentioned It was reported that Bjornson persuaded to file by a group of leaders who feared that if Burnquist became a candidate, Harold Stassen, former Minnesota governor and now foreign opera- tions administrator, would file as a candidate against him in the primary election. Stassen was re- ported unacceptable to the group supporting Bjornson. Stassen reportedly has indicated to friends he would become a can- didate unless some such man as Bjornson or Gov. Anderson filed. The governor took himself out of the race several weeks ago. who had been mentioned earlier as possible Republican Senate candidates included Rep. Walter Judd, Minneapolis; Dr. Charles W. Mayo, Rochester; State Rep. P. Kenneth Peterson, Minne- apolis, and Roger Dell, Chief Jus- tice of the Minnesota Supreme Court. "Like a good million other Amer- Bjornson said in a state- ment today, "my wartime service was in the European theater, where Gen. Eisenhower led the forces of freedom to victory. "I should like now to play a vigorous and positive role in the peacetime victories we all must ielp win under President Eisen- (R-ND) and Sen. Morse of Oregon, sound and inspiring lead- only independent in the Senate, will go along with them. ership. "I have enjoyed my work as Chavez in a statement voiced state treasurer and Minnesota con- confidence the Senate would find j cerns his election over Republican can- my didate Patrick J. Hurley valid. The senator said the committee ma- jority report was based on "false- hoods, innuendoes and partisan conclusions." Hurley declined comment. Midwest Cold Drops Dixie Temperatures By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Cold air from the Midwest moved into Dixie today and sent tempera- tures to freezing and below. It was a chilly 28 above at Augusta, Ga. two degrees colder than at Bismarck, N.D. Readings near freezing and below were re- >orted in parts of the Carolinas, Tlorida, Alabama and Tennessee. Generally pleasant late winter weather was reported in most parts of the country. Precipitation was confined to the Pacific Coast itates and western Canada. Below freezing temperatures were reported in the northern lorder states from Montana east- ward and southward through the Great Lakes region and the Ohio Valley. Some early morning read- ings included New York 35; Fort Worth 45; Kansas City, 49; Great Falls, Mont., 20; Minneapolis 34; reen Bay, Wis., 28; and Chicago 1. always be prominent in In the present critical period nationally and internation- ally, Minnesotans have no greater concern than the united endeavor which must come to fulfill the Eisenhower administration's ob- jectives. "Those objectives I conceive to be peace, security, human dig- nity, respect for individual rights, and a prosperity, not blood bought, but soundly based in the best possible use of our ingenuity and our resources. Outlines Issues "Toward these ends, I shall campaign for the Senate fairly, fearlessly, frankly discussing the issues. I am grateful for the abundant evidences of support which have already come to me from fellow Minnesotans, and pledge to all my very best efforts if nominated and elected." Bjornson said he would retain his present office during the cam- paign. Bjornson, born in Minneota Aug. 29, 1906, began working on the weekly newspaper, the Mascot, owned by his father, Gun- nar Bjornson, when he was 12 years old. He worked his way through the University of Minne- sota, beMg graduated in 1930. He edited and published the Mascot before coming to the Twin- Cities in 1935. During World War II he served (Continued on 14, Column 5.) BJORNSON
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