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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 8, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy And Warmer Tonight, Tuesday CIVt GIVE 'MORE! NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 90 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, MARCH 8, 1954 EIGHTEEN PAGES Help Rearm Japanese 17 Die in Highway Mishaps In Minnesota and Wisconsin Democratic big-wigs sat down to a dinner in Miami Beach, Fla., Saturday night, the power failed and candles were quickly lighted so the dinner could go on. The lights were out about 15 minutes. Shown dining by candlelight are, left to right, Sen. Lyndon Johnson of Texas, Adlai Stevenson and Daniel J. Mahoney, publisher of the Miami Daily News. (AP Wirephoto) Democrats Planning To Keep Pressure On Economic Issues By JACK BELL MIAMI BEACH, Fla, the heels of Adlai E. Stevenson's criticism of President Eisenhower for failing to put the brakes on Sen. McCarthy two Dem- ocratic senators today agreed that economic issues should outweigh McCarthy's activities in the par- ty's 1954 campaign strategy. In a speech creating the general impression here he is actively in Magnusi not Sen, 9 Killed in State Set Worst Traffic Toll Mark in '54 By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Ten persons died in Minnesota traffic accidents over the weekend, the worst yet in 1954. Addition of the latest victims raised the toll for the year to 102. That was 21 more than during the same period last year. In 1953, the 102nd fatality was recorded March 26, Two young persons died Sunday in an accident within the St. Peter city limits. The car occupied fay Victor Peterson, 23, Minneapolis, and Shirley Eggert, 27, North Man- kato, went out of control, left Highway 99, hit a post and traveled 350 feet before hurdling a bank. Two others died early Sunday when a Northern Pacific freight train struck their car near Harris. Killed were Gladys Johnson, 14, and Henry W. Olsqn, 36, both of rural Harris. Pedestrian Killed Struck by an automobile while crossing the street, Mrs. Gertrude Johnson of Minneapolis, 45, died Saturday night. Leon Francis Houselot, 22, Min- neapolis, died Saturday night when his motorcycle and an automobile collided at an intersection in subur- ban Brooklyn Center. Theodore Dramer, about 50, Rice Lake, was killed by a car that struck him as he walked near Duluth Saturday night. Dr. John Ekblad, St. Louis County coroner, ruled the death accidental. Martin Gardner, 8, St. Vincent, who succumbed in a Hallock hos- Jerome Pirt, 19, cried today while he told how he shot and killed his companion, Albert Grein, 19, in a version of Rus- sian roulette. Pirt pointed what he thought was a pistol that "wouldn't work" at Grein. He pulled the trigger several times before it fired. (UP Telephoto) The ought said he _ is pital Saturday, was the second :her the, timing or theJKportance thaf Stevenson McCarthy and his Com- He was joined by Sen.ipTurray CD- Eyes on Election victim of a hit-run car. Elaine died a few minutes after she and other children were his Wednesday in St. Vincent. John Slater, Stony Mountain, Mich., has raised Court Refuses Ruling on Alien Readmissions WASHINGTON Supreme Court today refused to rule on whether a resident alien who goes to an outlying American de Saez- wife of Saez c rViramC- T'IMA CrtAas3 An Puerto Rico Cracking Down On Communists Police Seeking 'Big Four' of Island Reds By JULIO RIVERA SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico Pushing its drive against political rouble makers, the Puerto Rican jovernment today sought the "Big Four" of the island's Communist party and two Nationalist leaders still at large. Sweeping police raids over the weekend netted 40 Nationalist par- y leaders and six Communists. All were jailed as possible sub- versives. The roundup was aunched after last Monday's at- ack by Nationalists in the U.S. Jouse of Representatives. The Reds were captured with-! >ut violence in a second round of rrests yesterday. This was in ontrast to the gunfire and tear 'as attack when Nationalist chief, 'edro Albizu Campos and five of I is aide6 were routed out of his pajtment Saturday, four Communists being are Juan Santos Rivera, he party president, who reported- had Moscow training; Juan aez Corales, a local labor union rganizer; Cesar Andeu Iglesias, ormer party president; and Pab- o Garcia Rodriguez, a Harvard- raduated lawyer. In custody as Reds are Con- sion may be barred from return- the continental United ing to States. The issue is a basic point of con- troversy in pending deportation Corales; Jane Speed Andreu, 43, of Berkeley, Calif., Andreu's wife; Maj. Gen, William F. Dean, right, appeared as a defense wit- ness today in Washington for Marine Col. Frank Schwable, leftj who falsely confessed germ warfare while a Red prisoner in Korea. Marine Court of Inquiry is trying to determine if Schwable should be court-martialed for yielding to Red torture. (UP Telephoto) Would Take Poison If Ever Captured Again, Dean Says proceedings against singer Dick Haymes, husband of actress Rita WASHINGTON Maj. Gen. William F. Dean, captive of the Communists for three years, testi- fied today he would take poison if he ever were captured again, to make sure he did not reveal mili- tary secrets. Gen. Dean, a Medal of Honor holder, testified as a defense wit- ness before a military court of in- quiry in the case of Marine Col. Frank Schwable, who confessed falsely to germ warfare while a Mariano Arroyo Ra-j prisoner in Korea. The purpose of and j the inquiry is to determine wheth- ler court martial action shall be Atty Gen. Jose Trias said both j taken against the flier. the alleged Communists and Na- tionalists, jailed on bail "Come next fall, when control been charged with criminal negli Igence in the Fitzpatrick girl's on the point leaves it open to be raised if the case of Haymes, or some similar case, should reach Ben' Oslund, about 70, Clarissa, hjgh delivered I think the fiscal policies the Re- the field for the 1956 Democratic he presidential nomination, Stevenson j going to be the most important Lom said Eisenhower could stop Magnuson said in an inter-1 the former Illinois governor called j view. was killed when a car struck him highway near his Justice Black wrote a dissenting opinion in which Justice Douglas j concurred, i j The Supreme Court also ruled lives of eight persons in Wisconsin today that testimony given before jtl, i j i over the weekend. I the Senate Crime Investigating Although he said he agreed sen y r threatened aj Three died Sunday when the car Committee may not be us ,d in Although ne said he agreed gen- "malignant.and fatal totalitarian-1 which they were riding smashed criminal prosecutions in state TQm ann t turn mil M cm t _ _. i i TT- _i _. __ a campaign by McCarthy to "sowj Stevenson's charges in a speech lwes OI elgnl pers uv all'l Jack Michels, Sheboygan Falls, Maryland lottery laws. HP was on I was killed at Sheboygan Saturday j sentenced to seven years' impris- night when the auto he was driv-1 onment and fined tig went out control, hit a telephone pole and a tree and slammed into a parked auto. exemptions for all taxpayers and their dependents. Largely on the advice of Secretary of the Trea- sury George Humphrey, President Eisenhower has decided to throw his personal prestige and the pow- j campaign for him again today.' he's the I into the path of a speeding r Western passenger train at a I crossing near her Fox Point home in Milwaukee county of what his ley- was kmed Sunday n'Sht when er of his Administration into the I (Continued on Page 15, Column 7) scales, in an attempt to beat the George proposal. This courageous decision by the President was conveyed last Thurs- day to 60 key Republican Repre- sentatives from close Congressional districts, by Vice President Richard Nixon. At a meeting in the Con- gressional Hotel, Nixon told the assembled representatives that the President felt that the George pro- posal had to be beaten at whatever cost. The President intended, Nixon said, to appeal directly to the coun- try on this issue, with at least one radio and television broadcast. He would explain why it would be' wrong and irresponsible to in- crease exemptions, and thus to in- crease the prospective deficit by billions of dollars. And, Nixon warned, it was up to the Republi- cans in the House to back up the President. Lost In Senate The fight was already as good as lost in the Senate, Nixon frankly least three Rf publi- can senators were certain to de- fect. The President could hardly veto the whole tax bill, throwing the entire legislative program into total confusion. Therefore it was up to the House. He knew, Nixon said, how tough it was to stand up to the Demo- crats on such an issue iii an elec- tion year, But it was often good politics to fight on the seemingly unpopular side of an issue, espe- cially if the voters sensed in (Continued on Page 7, Column 4) ALSOPS DEMOCRATS Stoddard. left the highway near Longshoremen's 'Wildcat' Strike Continues in N.Y. NEW YORK longshoremen continued a "wild- cat" strike on the New York wa- terfront today despite a previou prediction by their union leade that the work stoppage would end. Spectators Look at a car which contains the bodies of three people. The driver failed to stop at a stop sign today and crashed into a cement retaining wall on Rapids Drive and Highway 38 in Racine Co'jnty near Racine, Wis. (UP Tele- photo) Puerto Rico, The lower house re- cently rejected 42-14 a resolution calling for complete independence instead of the present common- wealth status. The Senate vetoed 27-5 against a similar resolution. Albizu Campos, in a prison hospital, was said by officials to have recovered from the effects of the tear gas that was used in arresting the fiery 62-year-old radical Saturday. He still was claiming, however, that the United States is attacking him with cosmic rays. This has been a chronic complaint. Because of such hallucinations, medical authorities declared him mentally ill in 1951. In prison at the time for leading the 1950 revolt, he was transferred to a hospital. Later he was pardoned from his 54-year sentence because of his condition. Bentley Improves, But Condition Still Listed as Serious WASHINGTON -Hep. Alvin M. Bentley wounded when four Puerto Rican national- Taxes, Statehood For Hawaii Argued By HARRISON HUMPHRIES WASHINGTON leaders tightened their lines today for Guns and Grain Will Be Granted Under New Pact Ships and Planes Too Will Be Senf To Japanese Forces By GEORGE MCARTHUR TOKYO and tht United States today signed a mu- tual defense pact to give the Jap- anese both guns and grain and hasten the day when American soldiers can withdraw from the island empire. The mutual defense assistance a series of pour loo million dollars of American aid into Jap. an's economy in the next three months and probably amount to much more in the long run. U. S. Ambassador John Allison said the agreement "takes us one step nearer the time when the Jnited States can withdraw its 'orces from Japan." Japanese Foreign Minister Kat- suo Okazaki signed for his govern- ment. The agreement will boost Japan's defense force from to 000 men and hold it along more military lines. The United States will supply ships and planes. The United States also wiU start the movement of tons of :urplus wheat and tons of larley to Japan. And Japan will ell the grain domestically and in urn use the money for guns and munitions. 8 Months of The agreement was hammered out in eight months of negotiation which at times brought the Liberal government of Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida under intense op- position criticism. Despite Social- ist opposition, the government ex- pects ratification by April 1. Allison emphasized that the pact does not require Japan "to send its young men He quoted Secretary of State Dulles who said recently the agreement would be "purely of a defensive nature, dir- ected exclusively toward contribut- ing to the defense and security of the Japanese homeland." However, neither does the agree- ment specify that Japan should not send troops wherever it saw fit. The agreement binding Japan to the Western democracies in the fight against Communism provides 'for destroyers, tanks, jeeps, air- planes and other military needs. It also provides for a 700-man mili- tary advisory group to serve with the Japanese defense force. Material given to the Japanese statehood for Hawaii. Senate Democrats have been summoned to their first caucus of j the year tomorrow to discuss a campaign to tie an Alaska state-1 I The agreement is almost identi- hood amendment to the Hawaii bill which the Senate debating since last Thursday. The Republican leadership opposes the move. The House on Wednesday is scheduled to take up the first big tax bill of the year, a measure to cut many excise or sales taxes, and there may be some prelim- inary skirmishing preparatory to a bigger battle a week later over reducing personal income taxes. In the Senate, Democrats out- number Republicans 48-47. In the House, there are 219 Republicans to 215 Democrats. Each branch has one independent. In the Senate, Democratic lead ers are seeking unanimous support for a proposal by Sen. Anderson (D-NM) to add Alaska to the Hawaiian statehood bill. Alaska normally votes Democratic and Hawaii Republican. Republicans are striving to keep the bills separate, arguing, that the addition of Alaska might sink the statehood 'ambitions of Hawaii as has been considered this year. ists shot up the House of Repre-jwell as Alaska, sentatives a week ago, continues Republican Leader Knowland of to improve but remains m serious condition, his doctor said today. Bentley, 35, had a "fairly rest ful Dr. Joseph R. Young Casualty Hospital chief of staff said. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy to cloudy and warmer to- night and Tuesday. Low tonight 26, high Tuesday 46. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 58; minimum, 18; noon, 39; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 43; minimum, 21; noon, 39; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Max. temp. 42 at p.m. Sun- day, min. 17 at a.m. today. 'Voon readings temp. 37, sky lear, visibility 15 miles, wind aim, barometer 30.08 falling, hu- midity 44 per cent. I California has promised that a separate bill for Alaska will be by the Senate later Some Democrats ob- jected" that there is no guarantee such a bill would be considered by the House, which passed the Hawaii bill last year, or that it would be signed by President Eisenhower. The President has asked state- hood now only for Hawaii. The House, which has acted on only a few bills of major impor- tance since the first of the year, considers today and tomorrow bills to make new funds available for secondary roads and to authorize a 182-million-dollar, three-y ear program of federal aid to hospital Duilding. with many nations. Okazaki noted "our participation in the system of mutual security signifies another step in our co- operation with the free nations." The Japanese foreign minister also said that the agreement was purely defensive and bound Japan to take up no further obligations than she already has "such as re- quiring the dispatch of our safety forces overseas." Plenty of Support The exact amount or number of military items to be furnished is left unspecified. However, Ameri- congressional leaders said at the (can military authorities are pre- '-J- pared to go as fast as the Jap- Ike Feels House Excise Tax Cuts 'Go Bit Too Far' WASHINGTON ffi Republican White House today that President Eisenhower feels thai, a House bill to cut excise taxes nearly a billion dollars "goes a little too far." House Speaker Martin anese wish because Japanese forces must be stepped up sharp- ly before any substantial Ameri- can withdrawal. talking to newsmen after the lead- j "We can support any kind of pro- ers' regular Monday morning con- gram they are likely to come up ference with the President, said one reliable source com- the administration hopes to get the j mented. proposed reduction figure pared) Actually, Allison and Okazaki down some when the reaches the Senate. Martin added, however, that neither the administration nor GOP House leaders will make any effort to reduce the proposed cut in the House. The speaker said the present plan is to call the bill up for de- measure signed seven agreements. These are: 1. The mutual defense assist- ance agreement. 2. A purchase agreement cover- ing import of surplus U. S. grain. 3. An economic arrangement agreement. This provides Japan 50 million dollars in surplus grain for bate in the House on Wednesday. sale there. The proceeds are to be The measure, in addition to cut-! spent on military buildup ting many excise taxes, would con-j 4, An investment guarantee tmue beyond April 1 the present agreement. This allows American excise or sales levies on a number i investors the right to recover in- of items, including liquor, tobacco, vestments in Japan and take out unn ___c.-i_ Then on Wednesday it will con- along with the sugar coating. sider a bill to slash excise taxes by nearly a billion dollars a year, cutting down to 10 per cent all evies above that figure except iose on liquor and tobacco. The )ill also would cancel reductions now due to take effect April i m liquor, cigarettes, automobiles, Jasoline and some other items. Democrats may move to cut some of the excises still further, gasoline and automobiles. On other items the existing ex- cise rate above 10 per cent would be cut back to that level. At his news conference last week, Eisenhower indicated he might lave to accept some reduction in excises even though he has spoken out against them at this time. The President said it sometimes is essary to swallow some castor oil Trucks Are Trucks LINCOLN, Neb. make no exceptions at the highway weighing stations set up around Nebraska to see that trucks abide by weight regulations. One of the trucks ticketed was a state weight-and-measures truck, sent out to test the accuracy of scales. profits. Capital can be taken out after two years at the rate of 20 per cent yearly, 5. An agreement for the return of material no longer useful or needed. 6. An agreement to call the grain' procurement a direct purchase in the event the Diet does not ratify the over-all agreement, 7. An exchange of letters stating views on item 4. Navajo Reservation Rich in Minerals WINDOW ROCK, Ariz. UP) The vast Navajo Reservation is a treas- ure house of undeveloped mater- ials and other natural resources, say professors from the Universi- ties of Arizona and New Mexico,
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