Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - February 12, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Warmer Tonight, Saturday; Possible Snow Watch for Dennis the Menace Contest Details NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 70 CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 12, 1954 EIGHTEEN PAGES Ni President Eisenhower paid homage to Abraham Lincoln today, 145 years after the birth of the founder of. thi: modern Republican party. The President is shown placing a wreath at the base of the statue of Lincoln to highlight a brief, solemn ceremony in the Lincoln Memorial at Washington. Telephoto) Shade of Prepress In Big Four Talks BULLETIN BERLIN Austria appealed to the Big Four today to re- start its independence without further delay and thn same time asked for an easing of "harsh and inequitable" economic eon- cession: to Russia. The appeal was laid before the Berlin conference by Austrian Foreign Minister Leopold Figl. Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov demanded again that tht explosive issue of Trieste be included in consideration of the Austrian independence treaty. By PRESTON GROVER BERLIN A tiny fleck of light showed today through gloomy talks of the Big Four foreign ministers over Asia. One Western source, without going into detail, said they bad made "a shade of progress." Another said there was evidence the East and West were looking for common ground. The second day of secret discussion of Asian problems ended last night with a decision by the ministers to pick up again today such I threads of agreement as they had TODAY Ike's N Pros Popular ew ram By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON is high time to report that President Eisenhow- er's massive legislative program looks like a conspicuous success by both the important tests. Legislatively, the prospects are been able to work out. They planned to meet in secret I for 90 minutes before lunch, then begin in regular session this after- noon a discussion of the Austrian independence treaty, which has been hanging fire .since the end of World War II. Neither the Western ministers nor Austrian officials here to sit in on the discussion were hopeful for final acceptance of a treaty which would move occupation troops from Austrian soil. Both East and West, particularly the Communist East, would lose mili- tary advantages by withdrawal. Discuss China As to Asian problems, the .min- isters after'the windup of yester- now excellent that an extraordinar- d j announced only that ily high proportion of the White fa ]fcrf bout j House proposals will be approved L.-'j This item inclurlps thp by Congress. The President looks like getting most of what he has asked for without a fight. If he really fights for the rest, he should get almost everything he has ask- ed for. Politically, the impact of the pro- gram has surpassed all expec- tation. The long, impressive drum- fire of major messages; the care- ful preparation and aiming of al- most all the shots: the unity and coherence of the whole barrage of proposals, have apparently inspir- ed a strong new national confi- dence in Eisenhower's leadership. The proof lies in the chastened compliance of the anti-Eisenhower China in the councils of the great powers. It also includes rival pro- posals by Russia and France for disarmament conferences, but the discussion evidently never reached that point. Secretary of State Dulles was quoted by a Western source as proposing that the Big Four cal a conference on Korea with Rec China as a participant along witl North Korea, South Korea and other belligerents wishing to at- tend. If this version is correct, it would amount to some change in the American position on the projected prised faces of the Democrats. The hardened old politicians of both parties ia Congress have been caught off guard by the reaction from the country. They were not looking for anything of the sort, as they will frankly tell you if you catch them in a confiding .mood. The politicians were caught off guard, no doubt, because such a long time has passed since an American President has seriously asked the Congress to enact a seri- ous and comprehensive program of legislation. The programs of Harry S. Tru- man were mainly intended, after all, not to be enacted into law but to put Congress on the spot. Tru- man himself would probably have been horrified if the law-makers had actually voted for some of his mors extreme and ill-digested sug- gestions, such as the Oscar Ewing health and social security plans. And before Truman, there were the war years, when Franklin tofore the United States has insist- ed that conference should be two- sided. The North Koreans and their associates, including-Russia, would be on one side. On the other side would be the South Koreans and their 16 co-belligerents from the United Nations. This would group Russia with those labeled by the as aggressors. Molotov Objects Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov was reported to have ob jected to such a non-neutral status for Russia. Further in his cam- paign to force the West to accept Red China as an equal partner in arranging world affairs, he was said to have asked whether she would be one oi the powers con- vening the conference or just one of those to be invited, such as Australia and the Philippines. The answer could not be given at once. A Western informant commented that a voice for Pei- war problems and little else. The Democratic high command was actually planning, until Eisen- hower upset everything, to make the "do-nothing" Republican Con- gress one of the key issues of the (Continued on Page 13, Column 1) ALSOPS the victory he has doggedly sought of Red China as a great power. According to the reported Dulles plan, if the conference succeeded in settling the Korean question, the next step would be a second parley on Indochjna. U. 5. Will Aid Pakistan Despite India's Protest Military Equipment Will Be Sent After Inspection By JOHN SCAU WASHINGTON Ul Diplomatic officials said today the United States has decided to give sub- stantial military aid to Pakistan regardless of India's angry pro- tests. An American military survey mission, they said, will go to Pakistan to look over its armec 'orces and determine the amoun and type of military equipmen needed. An announcement of the decision probably will be delayed until after Pakistan and Turkey sign a broad defense, economic ant cultural agreement, these sources said. The two countries are reportec to be negotiating the pact secretly with U.S. encouragement. Thp agreement is expected to be an nounced formally within a matter of days. Pakistan officials are saic to be eager to conclude it before next Tuesday's important provin- cial elections, hoping an announce- ment would help Premier Ali's party. i Any American move to arm Pakistan would be certain to pro- voke bitter objections from India's Prime Minister Nehru. He has been mobilizing Indian public opinion against any such Ameri- can-Pakistan military tieup on the ground it would upset peace in Asia. Top American State and De- fense department leaders, after carefully weighing Nehru's views, are reported to' have decided to go ahead with military aid to Pak- istan. They are represented as concluding that any backing down by the United States now would reinforce India's position in Asia as a potential leader of a bloc of countries neutral in the contest between the Communist bloc and the free world. Encouragement of the Pakistan- Turkey negotiations reflects belief .that Nehru can- object less to American arms aid if it goes to support an anti-Communist mili- tary alliance. The Pakistan-Turkey agreement s looked upon as the nucleus for larger Middle Eastern defense alliance which other anti-Commu- nist countries, including India, would be invited to join. Resignation of Commodity Credit Head Expected WASHINGTON (ffl Aides said Secretary of Agriculture Benson was expected to announce today the resignation of Howard H. Gor- don as president of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the big farm price support agency. Gordon declined to comment for publication, but associates said when the hearings in question and they understand that he has turned j answer form are formally made resignation. Reports that the public by the committee. They will speak for themselves." A State Department spokesman, told of Rooney's comments, said he had no knowledge of any but he added: "Leaks are very difficult to control." While Rooney was thus accusing the department of leaking prema- turely information given the House group in confidence, newsmen were scratching their heads over ixon iscrim a rn s in ate A Speeding Automobile left a curve in a road near Fort Wayne, Intl., Thursday and wrapped around a tree, killing its sole occupant, driver Richard E, Mahan, of Decatur, Ind. The car welded itself about the tree after skidding more than 100 feet. (AP Wirephoto) H of 534 Security Dismissals Laid to Questioned Loyalty By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST and WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON Rep. Rooney (D-NY) said today "someone in he department must have leaked the story" about the number of Itate Department security dismissals effected under the Eisenhower dministration. Newspaper accounts published Wednesday said that in secret estimony before a House Appropriations subcommittee Under Secre- tary of State Walter Bedell Smith had said that of 534 security dis- missals, just 11 could be attributed to reasons of questionable loyalty. The first published version of this purported testimony gave no indi- cation of its source. Later versions were attributed to House members who asked not to be named. Smith has not commented, R. W. Scott McLeod, the State Department's siecurity administra- tor who is now on a Republican- sponsored speaking tour, described the figures as inaccurate but gave no others. "I think Mr. McLeod should be back in Washington looking into I in U.S. District Court here today Unfaxed Cigarettes Shipped Into State Bring Court Action ST. PAUL tm A Virginia state corporation and two individuals were charged in a complaint filed his own said Rooney, a member of the subcommittee. "Someone in the department must have leaked the story. The exact facts in 'the matter will appear CCC head was quitting were first published Thursday. Benson was due back today from a speaking tour. Gordon would become the nint to step out, or to give notice o such plans, among the top-rankin_ officials Benson brought into the department a year ago. Reports said Gordon's action re fleets differences of viewpoint on future farm programs, and insis tence of some Republican leaders that influence of holdover em ployes from the Truman admin istration be lessened. This Is Harold Weinberg, 25- year-old dishwasher of Green- wich Village, after his capture by police in New York City in their search for the slayer of poet Maxwell Bodenheim and his third wife, Ruth Fagan. Weinberg was booked on homi- cide charges after, according to the office of the district attorney, he confessed the kill- ings. (AP Wirephoto) with .shipping untaxed cigarettes into Minnesota in violation of law. George McKinnon, U. S. district attorney, estimated the shipments Food Deficit Facing U.S., Texan Warns St. Paul Group Told of Loss Through Erosion ST. PAUL UP) A Texan says he sees the United States turning from a surplus to a deficit food j nation in the Dot too distant future. j "I am not looking to the future with too much Wat- ers Davis, League City, Tex., presi- dent of the national group, told the annual meeting here of Minnesota Soil Conservation District Super- visors. Davis cited these figures: There are now 25 million excess acres in the country, but every year, be- cause of population growth, 5 or 6 million added acres are needed to raise crops. "But, instead of getting those extra Davis said, "we actually are losing a million acres a year to erosion, factory sites and housing developments. I don't be- lieve the agricultural surplus prob- lem will be with us for too long." Theodore Hegseth, Fergus Falls, state president, told delegates that the recently-ordered reorganiza- tion of the soil conservation service was "unjust because the govern meet's own efficiency men had rated the agency as efficient before the change." At a second farm here, the Minnesota Livestock Breeders Assn., there was discussion of moving the annual Junior Live- stock Show from South St. Paul because growth of the exhibition is making quarters too crowded. A committee is being named to study the possibility of putting the show Into the Minnesota State Fair Grounds. Named to the roll of honor Minnesota breeders were John rlartle, Owatonna, speaker of the Minnesota House, a registered Du- roc hog raiser for 40 years, and Frank Astroth, St. Paul, cattle breeder and presidant of the American-Jersey Cattle Club, Their Handcuffed Lee Parker, 20, screamed and sobbed in the county morgue at Chicago Thursday after being shown a picture of 15-year-old Corinne Baldwin, high school sopho- more be killed in a parking lot in the South Shore district, (AP Wirephoto) Death Penalty Will Be Asked For Slayer, 20 CHICAGO UP) State's attor- ney's officials said today they planned a quick trial and would ask for the death penalty for Lee Parker, 20, who has admitted he strangled a high school girl. State's Atty. John Gutknecht said he will seek a grand jury indict- ment early next week. A coroner's jury Thursday recommended that Parker be held for the murder Tuesday night of Corinne Baldwin, 16-year-old high school sophomore, formerly of St. Paul, Minn. The curly-haired former Marine, us hands shaking so that the iandcuffs 'rattled, related the de- ails of the "crime at the inquest. In his testimony, he told the jury he was imprisoned in the Marine Corps was elected president, Willmar 'Kaffe Fest' Threatened by Costs WILLMAR, Minn. M The high cost the state up to a cost of coffee threatens one of year in taxes. jortraits will be hung at University j for going AWOL, and yelled, "All Farm. [they did was give me a discharge Norman T, Findahl, Waterville, i as undesirable. Nobody did a thing a curtain of confusion apparently pacKs a stemming from HIP fart that tni, nespta, he said. Named in the criminal complain are the Veterans Purchasing Corp and Edward Tweel, Alexandria Va., and Samuel W. Klein, Hunt ington, W.Va., officers of the firm MacKinnon said the company an a predecessor have been conducting a mail order business in Minnesota and several other states for severa years. In recent months the firm has been shipping an average o packs a month into Min stemming from the fact that top department officials are in Berlin for the Big Four talks. The prime example of this con- fusion has centered around Mc- or is Act, which bars federal employes from political activity? For three days in a row, acting department spokesman Jameson Parker has been issuing some- times conflicting statements, in written focm, and then declining The complaint charges conspir acy to violate the Jenkins act which prohibits interstate shipmen of cigarettes to states having ciga taxes comment. When pressed, say he doesn't know the further ie will answer but will get it. His problem seems to be that in many cases whoever has the an- swer is in Berlin or elsewhere out- side Washington. With Secretary of ;tate Dulles in Berlin are Asst. Secretary for Public Affairs Carl W. McCardle and the department's news division chief, Henry Suy- dam. Suydam's chief assistant, linccln White, is touring with Pres- cient Celal Bayar of Turkey. Scandal Charges Bring Insults, Chase TOKYO Tempers soared dur- None of the shipments of cigar ettes into Minnesota bore Minne- sota tax stamps, MacKinnon said The state tax is four cents per pack of 20 cigarettes. Prices oi cigarettes shipped in recently have ranged from to S1.82 a carton, MacKinnon said. The lowest prices for popular brands in Minnesota stores is per carton. Child Doesn't Learn Fast, But Father Does SALT LAKE CITY J. Fehr, Salt Lake City, reports little success with his brand of child psychology. When his 20-month-old son Rus- sell threw bis bowl of cereal on the floor, Fehr says he paddled him, filled another bowl and placed it before the infant. That went to lie floor too, 'whereupon another paddling and another full bowl. But Russell wasn't learning very fast. The third bowl, then the ng a Parliament committee dis- fourth too, went to the floor :ussion today of scandal charges in Japanese financial circles. Liberal Koichi Tabuchi and Pro- gressive Shiro Nakano exchanged verbal insults. Suddenly Tabuchi eaped at Nakano and chased him own a corridor. Guards broke up be chase but the committee pru- 'ently turned the discussion over D a subcommittee while tempers ooled. Fehr went out and bought a plas- tic bowl. John L. Lewis 74 WASHINGTON L. Lew- is, president of the United Mine Workers, is 74 today. Neither he nor the 'union plans any formal observance. Minnesota's most famous celebra- tions, the Willmar Kaffe Fest. At a meeting of. the Chamber of Commerce to discuss the problem, substitution a Dairy Day or Turkey Day was suggested. No final decision was reached. Creamery Burglarized ST. MICHAEL, Minn. Mt Cracksmen broke into the Land O'Lakes Creamery here early Thursday and escaped with an estimated in cash. The breakin was discovered by a creamery employe about for me.'1 While Parker was on the stand a Marine officer stepped up to him and took an honorable discharge pin which Parker had been wear- ing in his lapel when he was ar- rested Wednesday morning. GOP Senators Moderate in Lincoln Talks Vice President Cites Democratic Conference Failures WASHINGTON Vice Presi- dent Nixon has advised fellow Republicans to avoid "indiscrim- iaate" attacks on the opposition on the issue of Communism, while accusing the Democrats of losing at the conference table victories won in war. Whether by coincidence or in line with President Eisenhower's counsel to shun extreme partisan- ship, a number of GOP senators seemed to take a more moderate tone as the Lincoln Day speech- making reached its peak volume on this anniversary of the Civil War president's birth. There were still plenty of accu- sations that past Democratic ad- ministrations had coddled Com- munists, or been outsmarted by them. himself, in a speech last night at New Haven, Conn., paid tribute to the way in which he said Secretary of State Dulles "has stood up to the Communists at the conference table in and he added: "The day is past when our dip- lomats lose at the conference table the victories which our fighting men win on the battlefields." Fed Up With Truman In counseling Republican! against indiscriminate attacks, Nixon said: "We must remember that millions of Democrats were just as fed up with Trumanism as were in 1952." Eisenhower told a Wednesday news conference the time's are too serious for extreme partisanship. He said he would advise his offi- cial family against such tactics, and assumed the GOP National Committee would follow the same course. But he said he did not see how he could tone down others. Sen. McCarthy who had said he could not "whitewash" what he calls "20 years of treason" under Democratic administrations help win support for parts of Eisenhower's program, returned to his oft-voiced plea for a halt at trade with Red China. la a speech at Dallas, Tex., last night McCarthy said "I know I don't agree with our administra- tion on trade with Red China, but Parker told bow he had picked that-doesn't mean I don't support up Corinne Tuesday night at the administration." intruders gained entry a.m. The through a loading chute door and then cut a two-foot hole through the 18-inch thick vault wall. drug store where she worked and had driven to a nearby parking lot. He said they quarreled. He then told how he strangled the girl, carried her body to an unused areaway at the rear of the drug store, and covered her with her coat. Her body was discovered Wednesday morning by a di-ug store porter. Parker was arrested for questioning a few hours later. Parker, who was unemployed and As for Eisenhower's plea to avoid extreme partisan attacks, McCar- thy said "I think he is correct in that." He had said earlier he would not change tactics because he was reciting only the facts. Must Work Together McCarthy also said there is no reason the two major parties should not work together to make all the world free. He said he has not been denouncing "the opposite lived with his foster parents, was'party" only "its leadership of (Continued on Page 13, Column 3) NIXON married and divorced when he was I 17. He also testified he served a prison sentence for holdups in San Diego. Corinne's mother, Mrs. Juili Student Donates EveS Wawrzyniak, 36, testified herj daughter was engaged to a young I BRAINTREE, Mass, man in military service. She said I a week ago, Philip ,L. Hardy, 18- Corinne had left home last week year-old high school student, ar- ranged to donate his eyes upon death to the Massachusetts Gen- eral Hospital eye bank. On his way to school yesterday, he was struck by a train and died within a few hours. Before nightfall, the corneas from his eyes were transplanted to a patient in the hospital. You About lincoln? 1. Nancy Hanks Lincoln, Lincoln's mother, was a natural child. What is generally believed about her father? 2. When was the first public observance of Lincoln's birthday? 3. What did he serve the delegation that called on him to tell him of his nomination for president? 4. Did Lincoln ever fight in a war? 5. What happened to his first love affair with Ann Rutledge, the tavern keeper's daughter? 6. Was his Gettysburg address immediately recognized as a classic? 7. What were the three favorite books or writers of his maturity? 8. Lincoln, who believed in dreams as omens, told his cabinet the day before his death of a dream he had had the night -before. How did he interpret it? 9. How much actual schooling did Lincoln have? 10. What led to reconciliation between Mary Todd and Lincoln after their engagement was broken? (Answers are on page 2. Give yourself TO points for each correct- answer, 70 or higher is excellent, 50 good, 30 fair and 10 you knew about -I) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and warmer tonight and Saturday. Possibly some light snow. Low tonight 14, high Satur- day 32. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 19; minimum, 0; noon, 16; precepitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Maximum temperature 12 de- grees at a.m. today. Low two iegrees below zero at a.m. :oday. Noon 12 with an overcast at feet and visibility of 15 miles, wind from the south southeast at 12 miles per hour, barometer 30.44 'ailing slowly, humidity is 73 per cent.