Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 29, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Colder Tonight; Saturday Fair, Colder Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 58 SiX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 29, 1954 EIGHTEEN PAGES Pay ike Upheld Minnesota, all relied on Article 6, Section 6, sustained j of the Constitution for holding that ST. PAUL W! Supreme Court today District Judge Gustavus Loevinger of St. Paul and ruled unanimously that salary increases voted by the 1953 Legislature for district judges are valid without the consent of the governor. The high court emphasized that the state Constitution states in "clear, explicit and unambiguous language" that the Legislature not the authority to fix salaries of district and supreme court judges. The Legislature passed two bills to increase pay of district judges the signature of the governor is not a necessary prerequisite to the validity of an act of the Legislature prescribing such salaries. The decision quotes these words from the Constitution: "The judges of the district court shall receive such compensation at stated times as may be prescribed by the Legis- lature." Then, it points to Article 4, of and supreme year. court judges The governor refused to sign the bills. This is a "pocket-veto." The governor announced that he re- fused to consent to the increases because the Legislature to grant S5-a-month increases to state employes in the lower brackets. Own Pay Goes Up Today's decision will have the effect of also raising the salaries of supreme court judges, even though the bill pertaining to their increases was not contested in the courts. The decision was written by Associate Justice Frank T. Gal- lagher. He and his six colleagues TODAY Ike to Ask Dr. Manion To Resign the Constitution defining the Legis- lature as consisting of the House and Senate, and adds: "Clearly, the governor is not part of- the Legislature." 3 Lawyers Started Action Three top-ranking members of the Minnesota Bar Associa t i o n satrted court action to compel ac- ceptance of the district judges' salary bill. They are Clifford W, Gardner of St. Paul, past president of the state bar group; William Gibson of Minneapolis, a state delegate to the American Bar Association, and Edward L. Gruber of Duluth, present presi- dent. The supreme court took cogniz- ance of much publicity raising the question of whether members of Senate to Get Substitute for Bricker Proposal Sen. George Doubts Compromise Possible With Ohioan Now WASHINGTON W-Senate lead- ers hoped today to unveil a bi- partisan substitute for the Bricker amendment which they believe will break the stalemate in the dispute and still preserve the President's powers in foreign affairs. Republican Leader Knowland of: lalifornia said he expected to be able to announce details of the I much-talked-over treaty curb sub- j a University of Minnesota econo- stitute during the day, although mist said today. Warmaih, Coach. Gets 'U' Post ississippi Cash Farm Income Shows Drop in State ST. PAUL (Si Minnesota cash farm income dropped 46 million dollars in 1953, and a further de- crease can be expected this year, the court have authority to act in a matter in which they are interested personally, 'While the members of ihis j court are not directly interested in (the case now before the de- jcision said, "we must frankly ad- mit that there is such an indirect interest that were it possible to do so, we should be happy to declare (ourselves disqualified. I "However, when there is no other tribunal that can determine the matter, it is the duty of the court, which would ordinarily be dis-. Tito Re-efected by Yugoslav Parliament BELGRADE, Yugoslavia upl President Tito was re-elected unanimously by Parliament today after proclaiming Yugoslavia's willingness to do business with all nations including Russia and the Soviet satellites on a basis of "mutual respect." The 61-year-old chief of this Communist state who was the only com- j candidate for the office, was given hp tn fin viThp fimrtinn i Promise? an ovation as he appeared before ,of courts may-not be abdicated I the Iawmafcers to deliver a state" WASHINGTON-Acccrding to the Seven on the grounds of interest j amendment already were of -the-nation message before his most responsible White House au-Uvhen there is no other court that I conceding privately it could not i election Ipass. 1 He pledged that Yugoslavia will Apparently the substance of more conferences and more pol- ishing remained. But Sen. George who introduced a proposal that became the basis of the bipartisan sub- stitute, said he wasn't quite so confident. "Somebody always has some other little idea he wants to get George said in an interview. "They're still hoping they can get Bricker to agree to something. But don't think any compromise is possible with John now." Sen. Bricker (R-Ohio) himself said yesterday the differences with the administration on his proposal 'grow out of a fundamentally different philosophy of govern- ment." Even if an agreement can 'be reached which provides a middle ground for many senators, the big question seemed to Can Senate leaders muster the necessary two-thirds vote repaired "or a proposal to change the Con- stitution? Or will those taking extreme Rex. W. Cox, associate professor of agricultural economics at the university, of all crops except wheat were lower in 1953 than in 1952. Farmers in the state received for their farm prod- ucts last year, 3.6 per cent less VY LUW4 vrtyuiu vi ujjjaj.ii juc uia- i_j.i j r qualified, to hear and determine the" Fosltlons both; Sldets forces case, however disagreeable it Prevent enactment of a----- Although the 1953 income was about 7.5 per cent lower than the Jenner Reports Naval Files on Reds Destroyed Senator Relates Findings to Nixon, Others at Dinner WASHINGTON Jenner r_________ ___ (R-Ind) said today the Senate In- peak still was almost ternal Security Subcommittee will twice said. the 1940-44 average, Cox By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP I George's proposal was acceptable to the administration, since Know- on Inter-Governmental Relations, j Dr. Manion is to be fired for cause, j said: the cause being his persistent viru- lent attacks on all opponents of the Bricker amendment, who of course include the President himself. thorities, the President has decid- can act ed to ask Dr. Clarence Manion to! Clarify State Law resign the chairmanship of the j Then, taking up the vital dis- special Presidential Commission tinctions between the authority of ,to TCe r.r.miprnmpntal Rplatirmt: Ithp legislature and thp governor (land and other GOP leaders Legislature ana we governor, tQ at Wyte House "That ftp framers of our Con- yesterday, then returned to the stitSto did T Capitol to push ahead with their to the governor a veto over all SUDStllllte- acts of the Legislature is apparent Maybe the President, who tends to be remarkably soft about such matters, will be persuaded to change his mind by the group of White House advisers who habit- ually advocate softness. If Manion is fired, it will be just about the first time that Dwight D. Eisen- hower has followed the old poli- tical rule, "You can't just pretend not to notice when they spit in your face." On the other hand, although the loquacious Dr. Manion is not an especially important figure, the reasons for cracking down on him are extremely important. Professional Orator The facts may be briefly stated. Manion is an ex-Democrat and ex- Dean of the Notre Dame Law School, who is now a professional orator before extreme right-wing Republican audiences. His present political views would make Sen. Bricker himself seem a Socialist by contrast. He was chosen to head the President's Commission on In- ter-Governmental Relationships to pursue an independent path in its foreign policy despite friendly overtures from Russia since last spring after Stalin's death. But he also made it clear he would not part company with the West, which came to this country's aid after its break with the Cominform in 1948. from an examination of Article 5, (Continued on Page 9, Column 2) JUDGES James Roosevelt's Wife Asks Separate Maintenance in Suif BERLIN _ Russia and PASADENA, Calif. wife three Western Allies agreed today Russia, West Agree To Consider Rival Disarmament Pleas of James Roosevelt, eldest son of the late President, has filed a suit for separate maintenance in which she names three other women as co-respondents. The .suit, tiled by Romelle Schnei- der Roosevelt in Superior Court Thursday, asks a month sup- port and an additional" for support of their three children. Her complaint named as co-re- spondents Gladys Irene Owens, session next week, ministers conference appease the Republican right wing. also known as Irene Owens, June The subject of the commission is! Nelson, also known as June Jor- the proper spheres of action of the federal and state governments of the main points at issue in the Bricker amendment fight. Thus Dr. Manion is invariably- introduced to his well-stuffed au- diences as the President's chosen expert in this vital field. He then bursts into venomous denunciation of every member of Congress who supports the President's stand. According to Dr. Manion himself, (Continued on Page 13, Column 7} ALSOPS dan, and Elaine Hilton. The three were not otherwise identified. Last Jan. 18 Roosevelt filed his own suit for separate maintenance asking that his wife be compelled to give him certain personal arti- to consider rival proposals for world disarmament talks in secret The foreign also moved on to the question of German uni- fication with submission of a five- stage plan by Britain's Secretary Eden. Molotov asked, the Big Four to sponsor a worldwide disarmament meeting which would include Red China and other states that are not now members of the United Nations. Other Issues Delayed Raising of the disarmament cJes, including a apparently stymied for he said belonged to his father. He I the moment a concerted Western asserted she had caused him "mental and physical anguish am distress." The Roosevelts were married in 1941. Nations, with the aim of reaching substantial agreements which will permit calling a geneial dis- armament conference under con- ditions favorable to success." There was no official word of what Molotov had said to shift the parley onto the subject of disarm- ament but there was considerable speculation that he may have brought up his own plan to spike the warring world's guns. After Bidault spoke, Britain's Foreign Secretary Eden took the floor indicating that whether the West liked it or not the conference faced a full scale debate on a topic that wasn't even on the agenda. Under conference regulations Molotov would have the right t take the floor directly after Eden finished. The big question toda was whether he would join in th Germany or try to dra try to fix responsibility for an order which, he said, the White House issued in 1944 for destruction of some naval intelligence files on Communist activities. This new turn in the Communist- hunting subcommittee's probes was the aftermath of Jenner's account of the episode to a dinner gathering here last night attended by Vice President Nixon and some i 400 other guests. j This is how Jenner, the sub-1 committee chairman, related the j story of the files: Unit Built Up I They had been built up by a STavy counter-intelligence unit in New York which had an under- cover contact in the Communist organization, he said, and "had the basic information on Commu- nists in the maritime units, Com- munists on the waterfront and Communists in the convoys that went to Russia itself." Victor Kravchenko, an official of the Soviet purchasing commission who broke with his Communist government, sought out Morris to give him information, Jenner said. However, after one contact, he added, Washington sent orders to "let .Kravchenko alone." Continuing, Jenner said word reached New York that the coun- ter-intelligence unit was to be broken up. Morris went to Wash- ington to protest but, Jenner went jn, "within a few days" the mem- Ders of the unit were scattered "to ie four corners of the and iie files were ordered destroyed. Blames White House Morris was transferred to the leadquarters of Adm, Chester Nimitz, commander of the Pacific Fleet. Jenner said Morris told Nimitz about the breaking up of the intel- igence unit and Nimitz took up the matter with Adm. Ernest j. King, then chief of naval opera- tions, when King came to the Pacific on a visit a little later. Jenner said he got the rest of the story recently from an officer whom he would not name but who Gen. Nathan P. Twining, Air Force Chief of Staff, spoke at an "air power" banquet in Madison, Wis., Thursday night on the need for a stronger air defense of our northern frontiers. Left to right, Rep. Glenn R. Davis, R-Waukesha, Twining, and Col. Willard Milli- kan who recently set a coast to coast record in a jet plane. (UP Telephoto) Big Long Range Bomber Force Twining Says MADISON, Wis. Plans to build the Air Force to 137 wings by mid-1957 "call for an increase in our long range bomber force that is capable of striking back at an aggressor wherever he will be hurt Air Chief of Staff Gen. Nathan F. Twining said Thursday night. Twining, a native of Monroe, declared North American cities now are within reach of hundreds of Russian planes operating across the Arctic and added: was on Nimitz' tinued: "Nimitz told Morris had told him and asked if it could possibly be true that such an incredible order could have staff. Jenner eon- King what Bob Lost in Fraud, Rochester Farmer Charges ROCHESTER, Minn. Iff) A Ro- chester appliance dealer, Scott E. Bennett, 51, has been charged with defrauding an Olmsted County farmer of more than by promising to fix it so he would ivin a home and in cash m a giant jackpot contest. The complaint was signed by Lincoln D. Schroeder, dairy farmer near here. Schroeder said Bennett had signed a promissory note for a loan last July, promising "The best and perhaps the only way to prevent Soviet bomber from imposing terrible destructio on the United States is to main tain the balance of long range air power in our favor." Makes Madison Speech Twining spoke before 450 person at an air power banquet sponsorec by the Madison Chamber of Com merce and Foundation. The aud ience included Gpv. Kohler, Rep. Davis of Wisconsin and a delega- tion of 35 from Monroe. Other speakers were Air Force division chiefs, Maj. Gen. Richard A. Grus- sendorf, commander of the 10th Di- vision at Selfridge Field, Mich.; Brig. Gen. Edwin L. Tucker, com- mander of the 30th Division at Wil- ow Run, Mich., and Col. Willard tfillikin of Washington, Air Na- ional Guard pilot who recently jroke the coast-to-coast speed rec- rd in a Sabre jet. Brig. Gen. Joe Foss, World War to repay iT p7r'cent Marine Corps air ace and chief and giving "assurance" Schroeder ?tafi, of ft? South Dakota Air would win the contest prizes. (National Guard, was prevented by j bad weather from flying here for Bennett was arraigned in cipal Court Thursday on a first degree grand larceny charge. Pre- liminary hearing was set for Feb. 5 and be was released on bond. County Attorney Frank G. New- house, who described the case as said the in James Roosevelt shown above with his wife, the former Romelle Schneider of Indeperdence, Wis. was charged with three counts of adultery today in Pasadena, Calif., in a separate main- tenance suit filed by his wife. (UP Telephoto) plan to force Russia into consider- the discussion back to his pro ing German unification now. The West, with Secretary Dulles in the chair, had intended to bring up the German question immediately aft- er the session opened. Word from behind the closed doors of the conference hall, how- ever, was that Molotov immedi- ately took the floor and upset the apple cart. Thereupon, Bidault of- fered'his resolution, calling for an posal at the close of Thursday session that the Big Four call a disarmament conference of both United Nations members and "the nonmember states" in other words, Red China. Many Other Proposals American sources viewed th new disarmament proposal as a Soviet propaganda trick 'to impress Red China and to put new pres- end of hostilities and for condem-1 sure on the West for a meeting nation of any encouragement or support of aggression. It presu- mably was aimed at putting new pressure on the Communist world to end the war in Indochina, Bidault did not suggest a date or period of time for the confer- ence. Molotov had proposed that a disarmament meeting be held this year. The French resolution did spec- fy that the conference should con- form to the U.N. General Assembly resolution of Jan. U, 1952, thus making the U.N. the actual spon- ;or. That resolution directed the J.N. Disarmament Commission to continue its work on conventional arms and atomic weapons in ac- cordance with previous Assembly decisions. No Word Prom Mofstov One of the key sections of Bi- lault's resolution would put the Jig Four on record as "proclaim- ng that the support and encour- gement of aggression must be ondeiaiied and banned with the ,im of ending all hostilities." The resolution then would have 3e four "commit themselves to oin their efforts, in the Disarma- ment Commission of the United bypassing the United Nations, which won't admit Peiping. The Soviets have made many disarmament proposals in the U.N in the past. The West has turned them all down as paper promises rather than secure safeguards against war-breeding violations. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy and colder tonight. Satur- day generally fair and a little colder. Low tonight zero, high Sat- urday 15. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 29; minimum, 10; poon, 29; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 30 at noon today. Low 10 at a. m. today. Other noon readings scattered clouds at feet, visibility of 6 miles with haze, wind calm, barometer 30.04 steady and humidity is 68 per cent. been issued. Adm. King replied j cash" and" that it was true. _ demanded. Adm. Nimitz, 'could possibly have given such an Adm. King re- plied, 'The White House.' resented to Schroeder as first and second prizes in a "giant jackpot contest'' Bennett said was being the banquet. While stressing the deterrent effect of a powerful retsliatory bombing force, Twining said this country must improve rapidly its continental defense system. "Experiences and tests have proved over and over again that heavy and determined air attacks can seldom be blocked complete- he stated. "But modern fight- Coached Line For Bloik at West Point Announcement Comes As Surprise to Twin Cities Sportsmen MINNEAPOLIS ray Warrrmth, football coach at Mississippi State College for the last two years, today was named head coach at the University of Minnesota. Selection of Warmath to succeed Wes Fesler, who resigned in De- cember, came as a startling sur- prise. He had not been mentioned n speculation surrounding the nam- ing of a new coach. Warmath teams won five games and lost four in 1952 at Mississippi State and won five, lost two and tied three in 1953. Before going to Mississippi State in late 1951, Warmath was line coach at West Point during the .949, 1950 and 1951 seasons under Red Blaik. Considered in 1950 Warmath had been in Minneapo- is in 1950 to be interviewed when Jernie Bierman resigned. Warmath is 41. Warmath issued this statement: "It is mighty hard for me to >ull up roots from the school, the riends and regents I have known and worked with all my playing and coaching the chal- lenge of Minnesota and Western Conference football is one I re- er-interceptor planes in sufficient i are high. Murray Warmath U.P. Tclephoia spect and one that any coach, I am sure, would gladly welcome. know that Minnesota stands for right things in athletics and that its principles and standards ing Agency." Carolyn Thompson, 22, one of the workers not injured in an explosion at the Bermite Powder Co. plant in Newhall, Calif., Thursday, collapsed hysterically outside a hospital where'injured employes were being treated. She collapsed suddenly after seeing 16 injured women employes brought in. Three of the women were blown through the side of a building and were seriously hurt. The blast occurred in a building where secret Navy detonators were being loaded. (AP Wirephoto) numbers, with all the electronic devices they can carry, are cap- able of intercepting many enemy bombers. They can make the en- tire enemy attack more difficult and inaccurate. "The growing strength of enemy long range air power makes these defensive fighters and their bases more necessary than ever. "Plans for the 137-wing Air Force to be achieved in the next three years call for a rapid in- crease in the number of defensive fighter units. Most of these units will be employed on both new and old air bases across the northern frontier, for the protection of this region and all of the United States." The Air Force is reported to be conducting an extensive survey of sites along the northern edge of the United States, in the Canadian border area, to determine which existing fields could be converted to use for high speed jet fighters. While Twining did not go into de- Warmath becomes Minnesota's eighth football coach. His appointment ended frenized speculation about the Minnesota coaching selection, which intensi- fied after Oklahoma's Bud Wilkin- son turned down the job. President J. L. Morrill of Minne- sota said Warmath "strikes me as a deaneut and impressive teacher of football who will represent our university with credit on the grid- iron. .and who will play the game with full understanding and support of university policies and Western Conference rules." Takes Effect Immediately War-math's appointment takes ef- fect immediately. He was not pres- ent at a news conference at which the appointment was announced. Warmath, a native of Humbolt, Tenn., played football at the Uni- versity of Tennessee from 1932 to 1934. In 1935 he was named end coach at Tennessee. He served as assistant line coach there in 1938 and 1939 when he became line taiis regarding the emphasis on coach at Mississippi Stats. He leavy bombers, it was recalled ;hat the Air Force disclosed ear- ier this week that two wings of J47 medium bombers would be cut from the 137-wing buildup pro- gram. Twining's comment on long range bombing thus suggested that his reduction in Strategic Air Com- mand medium units will be bal- anced, or more than balanced, fay an increase in the number of wings if heavy bombers. At present the Strategic Air Com- mand has about half a dozen wings 30 planes to a wing) of heavy ombers. All are combination pis-i on-jet engined Convair B36 models. A few months ago Air Secre- ary Talbott disclosed that enough oeing B52s are on order to pro- ide substantially more than seven raigs of planes. served in that capacity until 1942. Warmath was a naval communi- cations officer during the war. Aft- erward he returned to Tennessee as line coach andt remained there until he went to West Point. Second Pusan Fire Leaves Homeless PUSAN, Korea un Wind-fan- ned flames charred a three-fourths mile stretch of hillside homes and shanties today in Pusan's second disastrous fire in three months. City officials said four persons might have been killed. More than were left homeless and houses were destroyed. Many were one room shacks or wooden crate additions to houses.