Wednesday, January 20, 1954

Winona Republican Herald

Location: Winona, Minnesota

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 20, 1954, Winona, Minnesota 15 to 20 Below Tonight, Continued Cold Thursday Buy A Winter Carnival Snowman NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 50 SIX CENTS PER COPY WJNONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 20, 1954 TWENTY PAGES ians rn to The First Atomic submarine engine, built into a land based sub- marine hull, was generating power when this overhead view was made at the National Reactor Testing Station in Idaho. The en- gine section is immersed in a sea tank about 50 feet in diameter and almost 40 feet high to simulate actual operating conditions. The nuclear power plane, designed and built by Westinghouse Electric Corporation, is a prototype of the engine in the USS Nautilus, first atom submarine scheduled to be launched Jan. 21 at Groton, Conn. This is one of a series of photos just released by Westinghouse. (AP Wirephoto) 1st Atomic Sub to Be Christened Thursday By CARL J, LALUMIA GROTON, Conn. the Great, who pined for more worlds to conquer, would gasp if he could be around here tomorrow to see what has happened to submarines since his time. The world's first atomic-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, gets its shower of champagne then from Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower at the shipyards of the electric boat division of the General Dynamics, ive] devoted to submarines, and Corp. WASHINGTON <fl The first night meeting of the session was possibility today as the Senate readied its sixth day of debate on he St. Lawrence Seaway. Majority Leader Knpwland (R- blocked Tuesday by Sen. rforse (Ind-Ore) from limiting debate at this point, announced he was considering a night session o bring the debate to a head. The Senate is arguing on a bill to allow American participation vith Canada in building the 27-foot- !eep waterway up the St. ,awrence from the Atlantic to the p.reat Lakes. Morse objected to cutting off de- ate; he said, until he is satisfied you learn that recorded history I there had been a reasonable dis- DC3 Trying to Land in Storm Crashes; 3 Dead KANSAS CITY persons were killed today when a chartered cargo plane crashed while attempt- ing to land during a snow storm at' the municipal air terminal. The DC3 plane, flying here from Jackson, Mich., under charter to General Motors Corp., crashed on the bank of the Missouri River only a short distance from the north end of the airport. It did not burn. The men were tentatively iden- tified by P. N. Goldstein, air safety investigator for the CAB, as: William Dale Speaks, 33, Van Nuys, Calif. Edward F. Kaselak, 39, Miami, Fla. 1 involved in the La Crosse baby Byran R. Williams, 31, Lykens, sitter case. Pa. j Evelyn Hartley, 15, disappeared Goldstein said he did not know i Oct. 24 from a baby sitting job. No trace of her has been found despite an intensive search during the past 11 weeks. The Madison man, according to Deputy Sheriff Robert O'Neil, said his brother, left his job in Minne. apolis Oct. 23 and has been missing since that time. The Madison man also said his brother was driving a tan auto- mobile, similar to one reported in the vicinity of the home where the girl was baby sitting when she dis- appeared, and that his brother had money coming from the firm where he worked when he quit. He never returned to collect it. Missing Man Could Be Lead in Hartley Case Unheard From Since Leaving Minneapolis Oct. 23 MADISON Dane County sheriff's office reported Tuesday night that an unidentified Madison man believes his brother might be which of the three was the pilot. All the bodies were found in the crew compartment. Seaway Debate May Force Night Senate Session Step into the division's library, j gives Ajexander's name as the first! cussion. reputed to be the biggest exclus- TODAY Ike Sold Lemon on Red Issue By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP he return- ed from France to seek the presi- dency, Dwight D. Eisenhower has been sold a good many lemons in the name of "smart politics." But about the worst lemon he has been sold yet is the strategy, worked out by certain of the administra- tion's amateur Machiavellies, for to be linked to an undersea craft. By Nautilus standards, it wasn't much of a boat. The Greek phil- osopher Aristotle described it as a diving bell. It was built for Alex- ander (356-323 B.C.) and used to repel a fleet attempting to lift the siege of Tyre. The library Some Senate supporters of the seaway, meanwhile, speculated that Sen. Dirksen regarded as a foe of the project, is con- sidering a switch. They had a fairly solid reason. Dirksen, who' voted against sea- way legislation in 1952, told the with the "Communist is- dealing sue." As an example of this strategy in action, take the administration's repeated boasts about the now who have been fired from the government as "se- curity risks." The privately ad- mitted purpose of these "security firings" has been to "grab the Commie issue away from Joe Mc- Carthy." The idea has been to under-cut McCarthy by broadcasting the no- tion that the new administration found the government crawling with subversives; promptly fired the lot; and thus left McCarthy with nothing further to do but twid- dle his thumbs. The story of the State Department's security firings demonstrates how this was to be accomplished. A grand total of 306 State De- partment security firings have been announced. According to re- liable report, this impressive even was arriv- ed at in the following manner. In the first place, the word was pass- ed down through Assistant Secre- tary Scott McLeod's Security and Personnel Offices that what was wanted was the largest possible total of such firings. Two techniques both palpably therefore used .to swell the total. The files of those State Department employes who were in the process of always a considerable number, sines there is a constant turnover carefully scrutinized. In the raw files of any government worker who is not a zombie, there is pretty sure to be some morsel of gossip which can be labelled "derogatory information." Wher- ever the raw files provided the slightest excuse for so doing, the names of those who were resigning anyway were their the grand total of State Department security firings. About half the State Department total was arrived at in this way. If the same proportion holds throughout the government, there must be more than a" thousand government workers who have re- (Continued on Page 10, Column 4) ALSOPS staff, headed by i Senate Tuesday bis "hostility" to Donald Shepard, has come up with I the seaway has lessened. chief reason for this change, he said, is the stress that Presidenl Eisenhower, his cabinet, and the National Security Council have pu1 on the defense aspects of tho pro- ject in urging that the necessary legislation be-passed. It was this persuasion, Sen. Smith (R-NJ) said, that induced him to reverse Ms former position of opposition. Smith announced Monday he would vote for the bill. Man Wrongfully Imprisoned Asks State for Damages ST. PAUL (ffi The Minnesota Claims Commission has under ad- visement a request from a Ken- tucky man for damages for serving 19 years of a life a lot of other information pointing up the proud heritage that stretches behind the Nautilus. For example: Leonardo da Vinci, the great Florentine inventor and artist of the Renaissance, planned an under- water warship. But he kept it secret because he was afraid it would make war more frightful. King James I of England re- putedly took a short ride in one. It was distinguished by an oil- soaked leather covering and pro- pelled by oars.' A Dutchman, Cornelius Van Drebbel, built it a century after Da Vinci's death. Americans made more sub- marine history during the Revo- lution. A Yale College student, David Bushnell, discovered how to explode gunpowder under "water. To go with his discovery, he built a one-man tiny oak vessel called the Turtle. j term for a murder he did not corn- Great battle plans were made i mit. for the Turtle. With Sgt. Ezra Lee, Leonard Hankins, 57, Dawson a Connecticut volunteer Ky., had been convicted man as commander and crew, the Turtle set out to destroy the Brit- ish fleet lying in New York. The idea was to screw'a bomb to the bottom of an English ship and set a mechanical fuse. pardoD board of murder for the slaying of two Minneapolis policemen in the hold- up of the Third Northwestern Na- tional Bank in 1932. He was freed in 1951 by the state But unknown to the Americans the British ships had been sheathec in copper to protect them agains barnacles. Sgt. Lee couldn't pene trate the copper to attach primitive torpedo. H Minnesota Exporter Refused License to Ship Butter to Russ WASHINGTON Secretary of Commerce Weeks has refused to let a Minnesota exporter ship sur- plus American butter to Russia. The Commerce Department an- nounced Tuesday night that Weeks had formally denied an export license to Dwayne Andreas of the Honeymead Co., Mankato, Minn.. The department gave no further details on Weeks' action. The secretary told newsmen last Friday he would not approve a license to permit shipment of but- ter to Russia at a cost "consid- eraBly lower" than prices paid by American housewives. Andreas had mentioned an offer to pay about 50 cents a pound for a large stock of surplus butter held by the government under the price support prsgram. The government paid dairymen about 65 cents a pound. In Washington, household- ers pay 73-75 cents a pound. Highway Taxes Not Sufficient To Meet Needs ST. PAUL periodic increases in rates, highway user taxes do not produce sufficient rev- enues to solve highway problems .in Minnesota. This finding is contained in a report submitted today to the Min- nesota Highway Study Commission by Public Administration Service of Chicago, which was engaged by the commission to make a sur- vey. The commission will meet in the Capitol Friday to hear additional testimony on highway problems and consider the PAC survey re- port, according to Lloyd F. Wilkes, executive secretary. After analyzing selected reports issued by various Minnesota agen- cies during the last two decades relating to the highway situation, the survey firm Anti-Red Prisoners Moved To U.N. Barracks Men Promised Release by Friday Night The Greenfown Bridge, which collapsed April 8, 1953 and killed the driver of a tractor-trailer, is shown Monday as its main span lay in the waters of the Big Sandy River at Paintsville, Ky. The span, under construction, was swept from its moorings by the rising waters of Levisa Fork. No one was injured in the col- lapse. Damage was estimated at The bridge carried traffic from Paintsville to Inez, Ky., on state highway 40. (AP Wirephoto) as commanding general of the 47th Viking Infantry Division, Minneso- ta National Guard. Simultaneously, the governor dis- closed that he has received and accepted the resignation of Gen. Hendrickson. The general has been commander of the Viking Division since reorganization of the Nat- strange and piquant experience. For among them were thousands who had stormed down that very same road before, in 1950 and 1951. Then they had swept across She Imjin River ice, over the barbed wire, through the mine- fields, and into the ROK and American trenches, killing and be- ing killed. This morning, laughing and smil- ing, they climbed into big Ameri- can yelling and chattering like; boys on the last day of school while ROK army bands played them on. At the Chinese check point, America's highest ranking officers in the Far East were there in person, waving and smiling at each truckload of departing Chi- nese. Thsy were Secretary of the Army Robert Stevens, here for a brief visit; Gen. John E. Hull, U.N. supreme commander; Gen. Max- well D. Taylor, commander of the 8th Army, generals. and a score of lesser j flies to Berlin tomorrow, was press 'ing for early agreement on when how and where full-scale atoms, for-peace talks can be held. His two meetings with Zarubin, on Jan. II and yesterday, appearec to be the curtain raiser to more precise conversation with Molotov. President Eisenhower suggested the talks in a United Nations ad- dress Dec. 8. He said they should be private and should be aimed at creating an agency which, under U. N. auspices, would handle atomic materials and knowledge for peaceful uses, such as in niedi- 'cine and electric power generation. the United States, Britain and other atomic powers would contribute to this pool. Governor Has Idea On Health Insurance SACRAMENTO, Calif. W) _ Gov. ional Guard following its return from active federal service in World War II in 1946. Pressure of business was given by Gen. Hendrickson as his reason I of them for resigning! In civilian life, he is along in columns I If Private wsurance companies sales engineer for the Bethlehem j of six abreast singing and waving f'Jj. l Steel Company and is in charge small South Korean or Nationalist to'a Goodwin J. Knight advocates vol- untary private health insurance The Chinese and North Koreans i Plans written like or de- combat! "uctible auto collision policies. of engineering sales for the-firm in Minnesota, Wisconsin, the Da- kotas, Montana, and Upper Mich- igan. His headquarters are in St. Paul. Gen; Hendrickson was born on May IS, 1894, at Rushford, Minn. He was graduated from South High School, Minneapolis, in 1912; from the College of Engineering, Univer- sity of Minnesota in 1916. He en- jsted in the First Minnesota Field Artillery in March 1916, with which organization he served on the Mex- ican border in 1916 and with the same the 151st Field Artillery, of the Rain- >ow Division in World War I. He vas called to active duty for World War II in February, 1941. In June, 1941, he was promoted to the grade of colonel and assigned as chief of staff the 34th division, in which tosition he served throughout the toth African and Italian cam- iaigns until August of 1944 when le was transferred to the Pacific theater and assigned as chief of taff of the Ninth Corps. The division has units in 49 Minnesota and 22 North Dakota ommunities. Its present strength s about officers and men. racfice Bomb Blasts :elt 20 Miles Away KELLIHER, Minn, (m Practice ombs from planes flying over 'pper Red Lake shook buildings in (elliher, some 20 miles away, 'uesday night. Mrs. Clara Qvale, editor of the China The flags. Chinese climbed aboard their canvas-topped trucks for the chilly ride to Ascom City, the big Army camp four miles east of Inchon. Along the way they stopped for tea brewed by a special crew of Americans. In Seoul, the rolling convoys of 16 trucks each got an ovation. Chi- nese clambered aboard the LSTs that will carry them to Formosa. At the Korean exit point, just west of the place where the Chi-1 nese came out, long trains of steel boxcars stood waiting where the old Pusan-to-Mukden Railway cuts the demilitarized zone. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and snow or snow flurries, drifting snow and much colder tonight. Thursday oc- casional light snow and continued very cold. Low tonight 15 to 20 below, high Thursday zero Jo five below. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 32; minimum, 10; noon, 13; precipitation, inches snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No, Central Observations) Max. temp. 28 at p.m. Tues- day, low eight degrees above at noon today. Noon cast at feet, visibility four handle the load alone, he his news conference yester- day, he favors setting up a non- competing state medical insurance fund which would offer policies on j a strictly voluntary basis. He said his idea was a better solution than President Eisenhow- er's proposal for a system of gov- ernment re-insurance of private medical plans. By FORREST EDWARDS PANMUNJOM (fl India com- pleted early today the historic turnover of anti-Red prison- ers to the U.N. Command as NortU Korean broadcasts declared the ac- tion "destroys" the armistice. The last prisoner, a Chinese, was turned over at a.m. a.m. Wednesday CST) at the end of a surprisingly smooth, oper- ation during which the North Kor- ean and Chinese captives often sang and cheered in the rain and mud. The Indian Command announced ihat Chinese and North Koreans were turned out of the compounds at Panmunjom, ending more than thrte years of captivity for many of them. The Indians said 72 Chinese and 32 North Koreans asked to go home or to a neutral country during the operation, which began Wednesday morning. The Communists, who had pro- tested the turnover plans bitterly, made no threatening gestures as the prisoners streamed southward. The U.N. Command has prom- ised all of the prisoners their free- dom at midnight Friday. Smooth Transfer Red China's Peiping radio Wednesday night repeated its warning that "any unilateral ac- tion with regard to the prisoners of war is absolutely iapermis- sible." But the warning was' mildly worded and officials said the Reds apparently had accepted the Indian command's decision to return un- repatriated prisoners as an accom- plished fact. The transfer went smoothly de- spite minor hitches and a cold, drizzling rain. At least twice the southward flow of prisoners was interrupted. No Koreans appeared for an hour- early in the evening, but there was no explanation. Earlier a dispute over a prisoner asking repatriation baited the movement of Chinese prisoners. A handful of American, British and South Korean prisoners who chose to stay with the Coromunists remained in their neutral zone compound. The Indians planned to ;um them back to the Communists, but the Reds refused to take them. Welcome to Return U. S. Army Secretary Robert itevens, here for the prisoner ransfer, said any of che 21 Amer- cans who asks for repatriation be- ore midnight Friday would be wel- ome to return home. Under Allied interpretation of he Korean armistice all unrepa- triated war prisoners are to bs reed as civilians at midnight Fri- ay. The Communists wanted them kept in custody until a peace onference decides their future. The first of anti-Commu- ist Chinese prisoners returned to U. N. Wednesday were sped tie Ascom City by truck. Then hey boarded U. S. landing ships in nearby Inchon harbor and were cheduled to sail for Formosa arly Thursday. The voyage will take about four days. Gen. John E. Hull, U. N. Far East commander, said they would become civilians at midnight Fri- day whether or not they are on the high seas or still in Korea. Kelliher Independent, said doors in j miies Ught wind from -_j ,'west northwest at 20 miles per hour, barometer the shop flew open and a transom window was broken as the bombs exploded at p.m. 30.14 rising and humidity 87 per cent. This Photo Shows the world's only living two-headed baby Donald Ray-Daniel Kay Hartley, with its parents, Mr. and Mrs': Cecil Hartley, of Petersburg, Indiana. The five-week-old infant" which has two heads, four arms and two legs, was photographed' Tuesday shortly after it was released from RUey Hosnitai Indianapolis.. (AP Wirephoto) jn