Winona Republican Herald, January 9, 1954

Winona Republican Herald

January 09, 1954

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Issue date: Saturday, January 9, 1954

Pages available: 14

Previous edition: Friday, January 8, 1954

Next edition: Monday, January 11, 1954 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions

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Publication name: Winona Republican Herald

Location: Winona, Minnesota

Pages available: 38,914

Years available: 1947 - 1954

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 9, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Clearing, Colder Tonight; Continued Cold on Sunday Want Ads Cost as Little As 65 Cents NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO, 41 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 9, 1954 FOURTEEN PAGES S. Plans Mightiest Man-Made Blast Clarence Jacobs, right. 48, of Tecumseh, Ont, talked with his defense attorney, Ross Riddell, 'eft, in Essex County Courthouse in Windsor, Ont., Wednesday. Jacobs is one of four men accused of an assassination attempt on the life of CIO president Walter P. Reuther in 1948. (UP Telephoto) Reuther Witness Flees to Canada DETROIT Gerald K. O'Brien said today "the key witness to the solution" of the five-year-old attempted assassination of CIO President Walter Reuther has escaped a protective police guard and fled to Canada. O'Brien said the witness saw the shooting and was one of three "assigned to the although he didn't fire the shotgun blast that TODAY Popularity Gains by Both Parties By STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON the signs are being read aright by some of the shrewdest observers on Capitol Hill, the county is now witnessing an extraordinary political phenom- enon. The Republican President is rapidly gaining in prestige and pop- ularity. But so is the Democratic party. On the first point there is virtual- ly no dispute. There was a time, as the polls indicated and the poli- ticians reported, when the public image of the President was be- ginning to fade badly. But this fad- ing process was sharply reversed by the President's speech to the United Nations. Everything that has happened since, culminating in the state of the union message, has helped to give the country the welcome impression that Eisenhow- er has finally made up his mind whal he wants, and that he is de- termined to get it. The second point will certainly be disputed by many Republicans. For the Democrats, while freely acknowledging that the President has lately been gaining ground, claim that the Democratic party has been gaining ground just as ._ maimed the labor leader's right j arm and all but killed him. j It was mainly on the witness's statement, O'Brien said, that a warrant was issued earlier this week charging four men with as- sault- with intent to murder I Reuther on April 20, 1948. The prosecutor said he had corroborat- ing evidence, but none from the shooting scene. Two in Jail Jwo of the four named are in jail, one is under bond, and the fourth is sought. The warrant also lists four unidentified "John Does." Without the missing witness, By FRED S. HOFFMAN WASHINGTON United States may be about to rock the peaceful mid-Pacific with the most thunderous man-made explosion in world history. An Atomic Energy Commission announcement last night roused speculation that government scien- tists may be planning to detonate was a popgun by comparison. It [eluded in those tests, was believed to contain a power It also was reported unofficially equivalent of tons of TNT (at that time that AEC had begun and its flash could be seen 500 j large-scale production of materials miles away. This bomb, in turn, was about 2Vi times as powerful as the one that all but wiped out the Japanese city of Hiroshima. There was one other significant a hydrogen bomb with a blast pow-i sentence in the AEC announce- er mightier than the combined j ment: "There will be no observers force of all the conventional bombs i other than U.S. officials con- dropped by U.S. war planes injcerned.' World War II. This was regarded as additional The AEC said men and equip-1 evidence that the Marshall Islands ment will begin moving this month be held at some unan- Ifor H-oombs. And the July AEC report noted that its Pacific proving grounds were being enlarged with the re- opening of the Bikini Atoll, 180 miles east of Eniwetok, where most recent A-bomb tests in that to its Pacific 'proving grounds in the Marshall Islands for "a furth- er phase of a continuing series of weapons tests." The three-paragraph announce- ment characteristically made no specific types to be to "all mention of tested, but categories" a reference of weapons touched off the H-bomb speculation.' It has been estimated that the American Air Force in World War II unloaded the bomb equivalent of slightly more than two million tons of TNT. A super-atomic bomb dropped over the Nevada desert last June nounced involve highly important developments in the atomic weapons field that this country is not yet ready to show even to its allies. First indications that the new tests were on the way came in the AEC's semiannual report last July. The commission said then that it was pleased with its spring series of Nevada tests, which it said had opened some "very profitable ave- nues to -new and improved weap- the 1P46 experiments with naval vessels. AEC's announcement last night equivalent to two million tons of I used during the 1946 blasts of two TNT is unleashed? Some experts think it possible did not say whether the upcoming! that several islands fringing the A-bombs at Bikini, probably would be unable to survive an H-bomb explosion. tests would involve Eaiwetok, Bi-120-mile-wide Bikini lagoon could I the AEC's latest announcement j came just three days before pre- both. There have been reports that an entire island vanished at Eniwe- tok during a 1952 test detonation of a relatively small hydrogen device. These reports have gone area have been held. The Bikini! unchallenged by AEC. island cluster was used last for) What may happen if a force be atomized. The results of such a blast would probably have to be recorded on intricate measuring instruments, many of them of automatic radio sending design, while observers stayed far away. Test structures, such, as those liminary talks between Secretary of State Dulles and Soviet Am- bassador Georgi N. Zarubin on President Eisenhower's proposal to pool some of the world's atomic materials and information for peaceful purposes. Testing of standard atomic fis- sion explosions needed to trigger an H-bomb presumably were in- O'Brien doubted he could convict any of the four named. O'Brien identified the key wit- ness as a Canadian, but wouldn't reveal his name. He did say, how- ever, the witness had been em- ployed as "a slugger" by one of the four accused and was an ex- convict. Police Commissioner Donald S. Leonard said the witness shook his two policemen-guards at a down- town Detroit hotel around a.m. Friday, He left the water running in a Dancer Attempts To Wiggle Out of Divorce Decree HOUSTON, Tex. lancer Samia Gamal is trying to vriggle out of the divorce granted 'heppard (Abdullah) King last month. She filed a motion yesterday for new trial in an effort to have et aside the December decree. Nejla Ates, lissom Turkish dancer, and Amira Amir, another dancing daughter of the Nile, were mentioned in Samia's petition which also claims Abdullah "pub- licly announced he was engaged to Nejla Ates." King told reporters Samia was "a little late in this thing." Premier Wants Talks Resumed PANMUNJOM Communist China's Premier Chou En-Lai to- day called for speedy convening of the Korean peace conference and offered three proposals to get the long delayed talks started. Chou suggested in a Peiping Ra- dio broadcast heard in Tokyo: 1. Resumption of the ruptured I preliminary negotiations aimed at Third of Ike's Program Faces Tough Going Popular Reaction To President's Talk Satisfactory SEOUL W! Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, 8th Army commander, said today that if the Communists at- tempt to halt the release of anti- Red war prisoners Jan. 23 it would By BELL WASHINGTON Ei- senhower faces possible defeat on about one-third of the broad legis- lative program he has outlined to Congress. Few lawmakers who commented I on it would predict that substan-! tially all of it would become law, but they generally seemed to feel that Eisenhower had adopted a smart political approach by sug- gesting 25 topics for legislative ac- tion and mentioning others for la- ter reference. They found some- thing for almost everybody in the state of the union message. Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Iowa) said in an interview he thinks this over- all appeal will help the Republi- cans retain control of Congress in the November elections, even if Congress ignores or defeats part setting up the conference, using as of the program. But Sen. Monron- a starting point Red demands that ley (D-Okla) remarked in a sepa- Russia attend the full-scale talks as I rate interview he doesn't "believe a neutral. This proposal was turn- j a negative record will recommend ed down flatly by U. S. envoy Ar-1 the Republicans to voters in No- thur Dean before he broke off the vemfaer." negotiations last month. I Reaction Good 2. That the U. N. General As- i Presidential Press Secretary James C. Hagerty meanwhile said popular reaction to the President's message, as measured by tele- grams received at the White House through yesterday afternoon, was overwhelmingly favorable 300 praising it and four criticizing it. While much of the Eisenhower ers. .to promote the settlement I program remains to be filled out of pressing international prob- j by subsequent messages, there al- lems." The fifth power would be j ready are strong indications that sembly consider the problem but Chou attached a string: That Red China and North Korea both non-U.N. members be "entitled" to send delegates. 3. That the forthcoming Big Four conference in Berlin "lead to a conference of the five great pow- shower and presumably slipped out "most likely start the Korean war through a reception room into which both his living and bedroom opened. His guards were in the living room. O'Brien said the witness bad come from New Year's Canada voluntarily Eve and had been shifted from hotel to hotel since as a safety measure. Flees to Canada The man's attorney called the prosecutor at p.m. to report the witness had fled to Canada. O'Brien asked Ontario police to more so. And although j begin a search for him. this is' certainly a partisan claim The lawyer informed the prose- here i a good deri of evidence cutor that the witness promised mamtairitne rows snoiua it ito contact him aeain todav. ibe held untl1 a Korean peace con- over again." Red China. The broadcast, billed as a state- ment on issues by Chou, did not touch on North Korea's denial a few hours earlier of an official The Reds have not threatened) u. S. announcement that it is ne- fof SB, but Taylor warned in a press conference the 8th Army "will be alerted for any contingency." He said his troops are fully pre- pared for "orderly or emergency situations" that may arise from the release of anti-Red North Korean and Chinese POWs in com- pounds in the neutral zone near Panmunjom. The U.N. command insists that the prisoners go free as civilians to support it. See -iO-Seaf Gain For example, the Democratic Congressional Campaign Commit- tee, after a careful analysis oi each close district, has informally estimated that the Democrats would gain more than 40 seats in the House if the elections were held now. This estimate might be dis- missed as mere partisan wishful thinking, if it had been made for publicity purposes. But it was j to contact him again today. O'Brien said the witness con- tacted him through an interme- diary weeks ago and voluntarily told his story. The prosecutor said he did not know what motivated the but said he had heard "one of the bunch" broke his jaw a short time before. He also pointed out that rewards total Clarence Jacobs, 48-year-old Ca- nadian ex-convict, was named by made, instead, for the private in- 1 the witness as the man who fired formation of the committee, and the shotgun through a window of the estimate almost leaned over Reuther s kitchen, O'Brien said. Jacobs was one of those named in the warrant and is fighting extradition from nearby Windsor, backwards in allowing for Demo- eratic losses in Chicago, Philadel- phia, ancl other places where Dem ocratic prospects are shaky. What is more, after the commit- tee estimate had been made, the Crossley poll for the "Boston Post' indicated almost precisely the same Democratic gain and this close on the heels of another national poll showing a heavy gain in Pres- i d e n t Eisenhower's popularity. Moreover, this curious phenomenon simultaneous strengthening of the Republican President and his opposition party is further con- firmed by politicians who have turned from the hustings. The case of Sen, Paul Douglas of Illinois is perhaps the most striking. His term ends this year. He spent a long time wrestling with his soul (rather after the manner of his fellow Illinoisian, Adlai Stev- enson) trying to decide whether to run again. is in many ways not a natural-born politician he is more sensitive than most to the slings and arrows of outrageous political fortune. Moreover, there were troublesome questions of fi- nance. Douglas to Run Yet Douglas decided to run again. The basic reason for this decision was very simple. He thought he could win. Before coming to this conclu- sion, he traveled by car for al- most miles in Illinois. He made 290 speeches in 150 towns, visited SS counties and talked to (Continued on Page 4, Column 4.) AUSOPS at a.m. Jan. 23. The Com- 1- South Korea's foreign minister maintain the POWs should rebuffed a blunt U.N. Command warning and refused to retract ference decides their disposition.! threats his government might use armed force against Indian troops guarding anti-Communist prisoners in neutral zone compounds, 2. Four pro-Communist South Korean prisoners who refuse to re- turn home turned themselves over gotiating informally to reopen the stalled preliminary talks. Much of Chou's long statement repeated blasts that the United States had wrecked the explanation program and _was to blame for the break-off in the preliminary talks. The denial of a U. S. State Department announcement came j mendations Jan. 25 including in- amid these other developments en I surance of longterm loans with the Korean scene: i a dozen or more of his proposals may either be shelved or radically revised by the lawmakers. And Sen. Capehart (R-Ind) dem- onstrated that members of Con- gress are going to have sugges- tions of their own. Capehart, who heads the Senate Banking Committee, suggested to the CIO Housing Conference yes- terday a billion dollar government program to help people buy homes with little or no down payment, on ll 8 The National Press Club held its annual father-daughter ban- quet in Washington Friday to open its 1954 entertainment season. Above, Vice President Richard M. Nixon and Sen. Estes Kefauver prepared their daughters for the party. Left to right are Diane Kefauver, 6; the senator; the vice president, and his daughter, Julie, 5, (UP Telephoto) on ases By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON One of the senators who checked on the howor said he would have recom- 5 Children Perish In Farm House Fire HELTON, S.C. Negro children, sleeping in a room that their mother had rented only three days before, perished Friday night in a fire that destroyed a farm house near here. Police said the children were alone in the five-room frame house while the mother, Mrs. Mary Wil- liams, was shopping. Other occu- to Indian guards and asked to be sent to Communist Poland or Czechoslovakia. The Neutral Na- tions Repatriation Commission, of which Poland and Czechoslovakia are members, will act on the re- small down payments, but forecast no sweeping program as Capehart's. Won'} Leave Oklahoma, Says Bud Wilkinson NORMAN, Okla. W) University 3. Gen. Maxwell D, Taylor, com-1 of Oklahoma Athletic Director Bud mander of the 8th Army, said his forces are fully prepared to handle Korean and Chinese Wilkinson declared today he will not leave his job here to accept a football coaching visiting friends. pants of the house were away auu WUUMC muc iu a j prisoners who are expected to I spot at the University of Minne- leave their neutral zone compounds sota. Wilkinson thus put to rest specu- lation he might return to coach the gridiron teams of his alma ma- ter where he won football fame back in the mid-30s. The 38-year-old coach's brief statement today said: Jan. 23 with or without approval of the NNRC. Defeat Tastes Sweet JOHANNESBURG, South Africa Defeat tasted sweet to Fred Williams, captain of a touring mo- torcycle speedway team from Eng- land. When his team lost to a South African outfit, Williams had to-eat his crash chocolate. made out of air base building program in North Africa said today they found an 80-mile fuel pipeline leading nowhere and two million dollars worth of surplus lumber baking in the sun. This was reported by Sen. Case chairman of a Senate Armed Services subcommittee that keeps tabs on military construction. "Apparently they put down a pipeline before they got clearance for an air base that later was not he explained. Case said he hopes this pipeline and millions of dollars worth of other American-purchased surplus materials in North Africa can be salvaged for use in construction of new U.S. bases in Spain. The Military Construction sub- committee yesterday released 50 million dollars to permit an im- mediate start on the Spanish projects. Congress maintains a double check on military construction. First, it votes money to do the work. But before the money ac- tually is spent, military construc- tion subcommittees in both houses must give their specific approval. They do so only after questioning military officials behind closed doors. PARIS informants said today that NATO, within sight of its goal of 160 jet airfields, will concentrate this year on laying a communcations network the bases and a web of pipelines to supply them fuel. The sources said the December ministerial meeting of the North Allantic Treaty Organization voted The Case subcommittee also approximately 224 million dollars agreed to a new departure in base i program the building of permanent instal- support NATO construction Tt T, It approved a Defense Depart- avy I lations needed to d fo The of tbfi Bureau vise the job, instead of the Army will be used for the communica- IY-VI W UU iUl and Docks super- and suppiy systems ftfiA nf A t-rvnT y v ;As an alumnus of the Univer- Engineers which traditionally has sity of Minnesota and one inter- ested in their athletic situation, I directed all major Air Force con- struction here and abroad. The F3H-1N McDonnell Demon, Navy's newest all-weather fighter appears to hang in perilous balance on the edge of the Aircraft Carrier Coral Sea's flight deck as the plane is catapulted during evaluation tests. The Navy says the Demon now is in pro- duction. This test was made somewhere in Atlantic waters. (U. S. Navy photo via AP WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Clearing and colder tonight. Sunday gener- ally fair and cold. Low tonight 8 above in city, near zero in country, j high Sunday afternoon 14. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 41; minimum, U; noon, 12; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AJRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max, temp, 39 at p.m. Fri- day. Low 7 at a.m. today. Noon 12, with a scattered layer of clouds at feet, wind from west northwest at 14 miles per hour with gusts up to in Cincinnati. "It was obvious to both of us that I could not be considered for the position." Wilkinson has eight years to go on a 10-year Oklahoma contract at annually. He frequently has pointed out before today he con- siders the pact binding. Am U.S. 23, barometer 30.10 falling humidity 75 per cent. and Dean Against Use of A-Bomb NEW YORK Special bassador Arthur H. Dean, delegate at the now-suspended pre- liminary peace talks at Panmun- jom, says up to 10 million civilians would be killed if United Nations forces used atomic bombs against forces in North Korea. However, he said yesterday he was certain hostilities would not be resumed there "either by us or the Russians or by President (Syngman) Rnee" of South Korea. visited with Ike Armstrong, the The Corps of Engineers was Minnesota athletic director, while I criticized in Congress for its hand- ling of the multimillion dollar North Africa air base program, begun soon after start of the Ko- rean War in 1950. B Ike Rules Out GOP Request for UMT Legislation WASHINGTON President Eisenhower today ruled out any administration request for univer- sal military training legislation pending a new and perhaps a drastic of the nation's military reserve system. His decision seemed to eliminate the chance that Congress would get an administration UMT bill this session, despite last month's rec- The airfields are almost all com- pleted, and 120 are in operation. n N.W. State Total for Year 19, Less Than Year Ago By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Two men were killed in ah auto- mobile accident during a snow storm in Hinckley early today. Six others lost their in Minne- sota and North Dakota late Fri- day, three of them in a collision on a blizzard-swept road near Larimore, N.D. The Minnesota deaths boosted the state's total for the year thus far to 19 compared with 22 during the first cine days of 1953, Victims were: Darrell A. Rosen, 20, Fairmont, Minn., and James M. Schofield, 47, Chicago. They were killed when their car went off the road at a bridge in Hinckley and hit a tele- phone pole which almost split the vehicle ir> two, Rosen had been working in a mine at Aurora. C. E. Menefee, 49, Minneapolis, and Ronald Fleming, Jean Weller, 18, both of Rock Lake, N.D. They met death when cars driven by Fleming and Menefee collided near Larimore, N.D. Miss Weller, a student at a Grand Forks business college, was riding with Fleming. Menefee, an insur- ance agent, was headed east to- ward Grand Forks. Thomas J. Kennedy, 25, Savage, Minn, His car hit the back of a grain truck near Savage. John F. Hutchinson, 25, Provi- dence, R.I., who recently WPS dis- charged from the Navy. His car went off the road and hit a pole near Edina. Mrs. August E. Poison, 64, Min- neapolis. A car driven by her hus- Dand, who was injured, and a truck collided. New Cold Wave Sub-zero cold was closing over Minnesota today following severe blizzard conditions in the north- western part of the state Friday night and early today. Temperatures ranging down to 120 below zero were forecast for the state by Sunday morning. Highway plows were pushing aside one to four inches of new snow in the Crookston, Detroit Lakes and Morris area after it was whipped into hard-packed drifts during the night. Grand Forks had six inches. The Red River valley area was the center of the blizzard. At 1 a.m., the .Minneapolis Weather Bureau said, visibility at Grand Forks was zero, the temperature was zero and winds 55 miles an hour in gusts. at Grand Forks Later, the mercury dropped io -8 at Grand Forks and Fargo had -6. International Falls recorded an overnight low of -7 and it was -4 at Alexandria. Mid-morning readings were still below zero at many points. It was -15 at Grand Forks. -10 at Fargo, -1 at International Falls and Alexandria, -5 at Hibbing, -4 at Redwood Falls and -3 at Eemidji, U. S. ink ommendation of a commission that the presidential token train- ing" of men be started next Jan. 1 or earlier. German Bundestag Deputy Jakob Altmaier, left, called on Presi- dent Eisenhower in Washington Friday and quoled the Bible to in- dicate the gratitude of the German people for the bslp given them by the U. S. in postwar years. He was accompanied by Germaa Ambassador Heinz Krekeler, right, (UP Telephoto) ;