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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 5, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight, Snow Late Wednesday Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 37 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 5, 195 EIGHTEEN PAGES Debby Dains, 1954 poster boy for the March of Dimes, got a style preview at the Waldorf Astoria in New York Monday as debutantes modeled gowns they will wear in the Feb. 2 March of Dimes fashion show. From left debutantes are: Ann Dallett, Susan Stein, Patricia Bates, Nina Tilney and Evelyn Bates, Pa- tricia's twin. Little Debby is in town from his home in Idaho for a month-long fund appeal for the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. (AP Wirephoto) Ellender to Ask Cut in Funds for McCarthy Administration Urging Senator To Change Tactics By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON (ffl-Sen. Ellender D-La) said today he will appeal o the Senate to "cut down to size" he spending budget cf Sen. Mc- Carthy's permanent investigations subcommittee. Simultaneously, four newspapers reported that the Eisenhower ad- ministration has been urging Mc- Carthy (R-Wis) to concentrate on investigating waste and corruption, leaving searches for .subversives primarily to others, and that Mc- Carthy is said to have agreed. Accounts to that effect were car- ried by the New York Times and Herald Tribune, the Washington Post and the Baltimore Sun, The Post quoted administration rm Tel m First, ssociates State Debt Reduced illion in '53 By JACK B. MACKAY ST. PAUL total state debt, dropping to on Dec. 31, 1953, has been cut by more than 11 million dollars the past year, State Treasurer Val Bjornson disclosed today in a re- port covering the last half of 1953. Permanent trust funds the same period climbed nearly 15 mil- lion dollars to a new all-time high of more than 236 millions. This is revealed by the semi-annual state- ment sent to printers today, pre- Minnesotans Uninjured in Plane Mishap FARGO, N.D. ffl Gene Nel- son, Moorhead, Minn., and a pas- senger escaped injury here about 6 a.m. today when the landing gear locked on Nelson's two-place airplane and he was forced, to bring it in on one wheel. With Nelson was Ben Brewster, Minneapolis. The plane ground looped and skidded 200 to 300 yards before leaders it did not name as sayingI coming to a stop right-side-up, he McCarthy had been urged to give I sa'd- "greater attention to legislative Tne Pair left the Twin Cities at needs, directing his investigations! about 4 a.m., Nelson said, more at waste, inefficiency and leaving most ofj the Red hunting to the group cre- ated to do Senate inter- nal security subcommittee." The Post continued: "McCarthy reportedly has indi eated he will follow this line, bu how far he will follow it is un- known Out of City "At the beginning of the last session of Congress, it should be recalled, there was also a series TODAY Jobless May Total By Stewart Alsop WASHINGTON every- body is asking, rather nervously, what is going to happen to the Iparatory to its distribution in con- i formity with state law. Preparations already are under- way for refinancing and retiring portions of the state's 27-million- dollar rural credit debt in the next few months, Bjornson pointed out in commenting on the indebtedness side of the state's ledger. j "We may even test Minnesota's high credit Bjornson com- mented, "by issuing new bonds to pay off more than nine million dollars falling due on June 1, under a 1924 issue. Those old bonds were non-callable and they have carried of moves aimed at curbing Mc- Carthy's activities. None of them materialized." McCarthy, out of the city, was not immediately available for com- ment. He said last week "digging out Communism" was not the "pri- mary purpose" of his subcommit- tee, and that it has been careful to check with the Senate internal security subcommittee to avoid duplication, "If in uur investigations we find subversive elements in govern- ment which would prevent the gov- ernment from operating properly, and no other congressional group is investigating, then we go he said. The Wisconsin senator has said interest all these years than run j he will ask the Senate to increase and 4% per cent. The by an unspecified amount, his rnm- 8th Army Set For Release of Ex-Red POWs Groundwork Laid For Sustained U.S. Prosperity, Claim By JACK BELL WASHINGTON associates say President Eisenhower is determined to solve the farm price problem as one of the first steps in carrvine out his electee of "rronsf.snflv mnrAasma -Cnn in carrying out his pledge of (all." By JOHN RANDOLPH and WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL 8th Army is get- ting set for "any eventuality" at midnight Jan. 22 when more than anti-Communist prisoners are scheduled to be freed from leutral custody, it was learned Tuesday night. These eventualities reportedly in- clude even an attack by South Ko- rean army forces if anti-Red Chi- nese and North Korean prisoners are not freed according to the Korean armistice timetable state certainly should be able to 2 per cent American economy in 1954. Almost at less all the experts, including the Pres- now' ,n ident's economic advisers, seem to have come up with about the same answer. The economy is going to slip back, but only a little by something like 5 per cent, or 10 per cent at the outside. But there this slip-back means. The official administration view, "However the refinancing is handled, we shall be saving quite a bit in interest costs as final re- tirement the old rural credit indebtedness comes within 'shoot- ing range' these next ten years." !orea and the in bitter criticism of a leadcount of anti-Communist war prisoners by Indian troops. The by an unspecified amount, his com- U. N. Command has warmly en- mittee's budget for 1953. He said he wanted to expand the investigative staff. Recently he announced he was broadening his activities to take up the handling of some federal tax cases. "As far as I'm El- lender said in an interview, "he should not even get anything like last year's spending authorization. Major factor in the I'm going to make another effort is no agreement at ail about what dollar drop in state debt the past to have it cut down to size." .Llic uio-iv-iai awiiitiiijvi auuu voiced by men like Secretary cf j f" on t'ae Treasury George Humphrey year was the usual annual install- ment payment of made Shameful Waste Ellender for years has contend- j, _. I "-114J V-lilLCllW bonus debt. ed that most congressional com- and presidential adviser Dr. Ga- briel Hauge, is that something al- With remaining unpaid veterans' compensation certifi- most completely painless called a cates' left of "rolling adjustment" will take F16 bonus bond place. This is a mere shaking down here and there, involving no dras- tic over-all setback. On balance, this is regarded as a healthy thing, issue, The bonus obligation still represents just about half of the total state debt, the treasurer re- ported. inevitable in a free economy. It i "Remaining rural credit obliga- mittee3 spend too much money. dorsed the count. American troops waiting south of the demilitarized zone were re- ported ready to handle a disor- ganized rush southward of thou- sands of prisoners if they should break out or become unruly after being released from the 55 com- pounds in which they are held. It also was learned that present plans call for the anti-Red prison- ers to start moving southward out of the neutral zone just after midnight on Jan. 22. The POWs will not be asked to wait until dawn. Chairman William Jenner, left, of the Senate Internal Security Committee and Sen. Pat McCarran of Nevada, point to a briefcase after their arrival in New York today following an all-night ride from Montreal where they met secretly with fovmer Russian code clerk Igor Gouzenko. Jenner reported the interview with Gouzenko, under protection of the Canadian government, as contributing im- portant information to U. S. internal security. (UP Telephoto) Gouzenko Story Aids U.S. Security NEW YORK senators said today Igor Gouzenko, who helped smash a Russian spy ring in had given them names and information usable for the internal security of the United States. Senators William E. Jenner (R-Ind) and Pat McCarran (D-Nev) told newsmen on returning from a trip to Canada that they ques- constantly increasing prosperity for In a radio-television report to the- people last nighl, the Presi- dent said his administration is using "every legitimate means avail- able to the federal government" to maintain prosperity and will con- tinue to do so as long as is neces- sary, Asserting that his administration does not believe 'in a bust America" in which prosperity hinges on war or threats of war, he said the program he will lay before Congress in his State of the Union message Thursday will be keyed to federal help. "It is a program that does not deal in pie-in-the-sky promises to all, nor bribes to a few, nor in threats to he declared. "It is a program inspired by zeal for Returning ROW Says Reds Fought Repatriation TOKYO American soldier who returned to his countrymen after once rejecting them for Com- munism today the Red high the common the every American family command ordered him and 21 oth- er Americans to break up Allied efforts to win them back. Cpl. Claude J. Batchelor of Ker- init, Tex., said the Reds slipped instructions through a Communist- staffed hospital near the neutral zone camp where the 22 pro-Red American POWs were held. He said the Reds ordered the Americans not to come out for Allied explanations. The Ameri- did show for its means of livelihood may be or its social position or its ancestral strain or its religious affiliations." Cites Accomplishments In outlining the past year's ac- complishments, he said ground- work has been laid to sustain basic prosperity "in the strong belief that the federal government should But he has had little success in! Measures are being taken for cutting their budgets. He said he will have a lot to say "about this shameful waste of tax money, spending unnecessary sums for un- conscionably large staffs." "The committee McCarthy heads is only one of he said. "There is too much duplication by of them, but that is particu- might involve some spotty unem-jtions amounting to ployment perhaps or a j Bjornson explained, "account forUarly true with the McCarthy corn- bit more but this should prove Just over 24 per cent of our total! mittee and the Jenner cbmmit- temporary, involving no real I state debt, while what we still owe tee." hardship. 10" the bonus runs to a bit more I That was a reference to the Sen- Hear Jobless than 4S per cent of overall state Opposed to this mildly reassur. ing official view is a minority view i Wlth veterans' bonus and rural which is anything but reassuring. I cfedit obligations accounting for This is that a mere 5 per cent 1 three-fourths of total state debt, drop in the gross national product Ithe major figure otherwise is is being so generally pre- j of certificates of in- dicted will mean at least I aebtedness outstanding to meet ate internal security subcommit- j tee headed by Sen. Jenner (R-1 set up specifically to search j for subversion. McCarthy's a Government Operations subccm- mittee, has blanket authority to examine the spending of any fed- eral money. Ellender said he will tell the Senate the McCarthy group "has encroached on other committees" economic strain on our allies. And j (Continued on Page 4, Column J.) 1 running inquiries he believes it may start a downward spiral STATE DEBT I snou'd have been handled by the which can be reversed only by the i I Senate Foreign Relations Commit- tee or by Jenner's subcommittee. Knife in Brain, 000 unemployed. It will knock the university, state teachers' college budget completely out of kilter. It building costs, will impose the severest possible j That sura was down a mil' most heroic measures. On the face of it, this gloom seems downright silly. As the Ad- ministration spokesmen are fond of pointing out, a drop of 5 per cent in the gross national product will 11 ro m Still Lives MIAMI, Fla. M A part-time ing along at a higher rate than in boom-time 19oZ. Yet the forebodings ians Administration hospital today I -iKl-Il-l-l U t-rt fU P-, ,1 after a kitchen kmfe was re- moved from his brain. Authorities at Monroe General Hospital in Key West said Joseph W. Linder, 31, mutilated his face and then thrust the knife into his brain. listed above are shared to some degree at least by raost labor and (Continued on Page 13, Column 5.) ALSOPS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and j able cloudiness tonight iiesday. Some light snow nesday or Wednesday important change in temperature" Low tonight 18, high Wednesday r 2s- Steelworker Starts LOCAL WEATHER I i. Official observations for the 24ljourney on nOrSB hours ending at 12 m. today: I Maximum, 36: minimum, RalPb Hume' a noon, 30; precipitation, none; sun -steelworker, will start special isolation of pro-Commu-1 nist prisoners or agents moving southward will tell them to "weed out the hostile among you." North Koreans will be held tem- porarily in compounds north of Munsan, it was learned, while Chi- nese will be moved to Inchon to board ships for Formosa. Nation's Winter Continues Mild By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Mild winter weather continued over most of the nation today. There were no sub-zero temper- tioned Gouzenko for more than five hours Monday. Gouzenko formerly was a code clerk in the Russian embassy in Canada. The senators declined to reveal where they had seen Gouzenko at what they described as a hearing. They said their mission "was ac- complished and it was satisfac- tory." Jenner and McCarran arrived at Pennsylvania Station here at a.m. aboard the Washingtonian from Montreal. They said the hearing was pre- sided over by J. C. McRuer, chief justice of the Supreme Court of Aiken, Capehart Slated for Foreign Relations Posts WASHINGTON UP) Two Repub- lican vacancies on the Senate For- eign Relations Committee today appeared certain to go to Sena- tors Aiken of Vermont and Cape- chairman of the Senate security, of the a formal request to the Canadian government to release the infor- mation. Asked if Gouzenko had mentioned names, Jenner said: "Yes, names were mentioned, but under our agreement we can- not discuss it." To a question as to whether he had "learned anything" from the interview, Jenner said: "Yes, we did." "What are you going to do with he was asked. "Use it for the internal protec- .x. __ J.L T IL j.ux LUC ijiLciudi yiuLtru- atures. Freezing weather during i tion of the United state X the night, however, was reported Jenner in the Midwest, the mountain areas Jenner and McCarran said they and in the northeast part of the j would continue on to Washington hart of Indiana. If they do, there is likely to be j little change in the composite atti- i tude of the committee, key group j in the handling of administration j foreign policy requests. The assignments are made 'strictly by seniority. Aiken is fifth in seniority on the Republican side and Capehart 10th. These rankings apparently are high enough to as- sure them the foreign relations spots. Aiken said he has applied for one of the two vacancies which resulted from the deaths last sum- mer of Senators Tobey (R-NH) and Taft Capehart is under- stood to have asked for the other. Tobey in general supported most of the foreign aid programs and ri- be prepared at all times-ready m" a moment's notice-to use every Batchelor spoke at a crowded news conference in Tokyo Army Hospital. The 22-year-old corporal, who left the north camp early New Year's Day, said "I made a mis- take" in once believing America was the aggressor in Korea. However, he denied he had ever use every proper means" toward that end. He said a program of sound planning and aggressive enterprise must be accompanied by "a faith, which cannot be shaken by self- appointed peddlers of gloom and doom" in America's growth and progress. This was an obvious thrust at been an informer on fellow pris-jsome Democrats, like Senators oners. He said he hoped he had Dougias of Illinois and Kerr of hoped not influenced anyone and said that if he had, "I am very sorry for Oklahoma, who have said the country already is in a recession it." and may be headed for a real de- "To prove Batchelor jpression. .aid, "I'd like to get some of thej Eisenhower claimed a halt in to- other prisoners back." He said I bogganing farm prices as one of .hat several weeks before he accomplishments of his admin- 'I wanted to try to get some other istration in its first year. Presum- men-out" but would not say why ably he referred to an Agricul- he failed. tare Department report last week Batchelor said he had been a which said that after months of jrogressive before the truce was iigned. He said he had begun to I believe the United States was the aggressor after reading Red prop- country. today. foreign policy moves such as the I blonde and Joe DiMaggio, the for- North Atlantic Pact of the last Imer York Yankee Clipper, eight years. Aiken has followed [were en route from San Francisco decline, average farm prices were up slightly in mid-December. Need for Farm Plan Members of Congress said the President had stressed in confer- ences on his program the need for action on the farm front. In this connection, it report- ed that he will recommend in a special message on the subject next Monday action to clear away mounting crop surpluses as a pre- lude to stabilizing farm prices The government now has on hand about five billion dollars worth of farm products acquired in its price support program. up for the start of her new picture, the" Coincident with this announce-las well as was a report that the shapely a Studio Suspends Marilyn Monroe HOLLYWOOD Mon- roe's studio says she has been sus- pended because she failed to show much the same path. He said he suspects many staff experts for committees' get most of their information from the staff of the Library of Congress. j Ellender said he has asked forj reports on spending by all Senate committees and subcommittees in the last year. He predicted the total will be at a record level "more than 10 times what was spent 10 years ago for commit- tees." Meanwhile, Sen, McClellan CD- Ark) announced he may renew an effort to place the investigation of subversive activities in the hands Key West police said Linder had 1 of a single Senate-House commit- wntton in a diary dated Jan. 3: j tee. He offered the plan in 1949, Engraving Bureau's Discovered on Farm in Virginia WASHINGTON state police today reported they have recovered "the bulk" of the 000 stolen from the government's Bureau of Engraving in Washing- ton. They said it was located in a metal tool box on a farm near Centreville, Va. _ _r____, State troopers there said they bought a 'new Oi'dsmobife' with "the covery of most of the money. discuss it in any way." The huge sum, in stacks of 20! The implication appeared to be bills, was found oil a farm that the Secret Service was still in Loudon County and was whisked by Secret Service agents to Wash- ington early today, they said. Among other things, Virginia police reported, the suspects had did not know exactly how much of the money was recovered or missing money. _ The Virginia troopers said the been first tip on the whereabouts of the Secret Service headquarters here sets tonight sun "rises To-ia "St- Louis or bust morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 38 at noon, min. 14 at a.m., wind five miles per hour from west, visibility 15 miles barometer 29.82 falling, humidity 78 per cent. horseback Jan. 12 to rejoin jus wife and son. "I've been waiting since I was in the Navy during World War II to do something like he said. courage duplication of effort. Choking Baby Only Needs Burp PAWTUCKET, R. I, baby sitter's frantic report that a baby was choking to death brought a fire truck, two police cars and a utility company emergency car to a home last night, First in was Fire Capt. Eugene J. Monahan, a father. He took one Hume plans to make the look at the gasping infant picked mile ride in less than a month, him tip and burped him riding a frisky 7-year-old Arabian I The baby bachelor un- I mare. i profusely. declined for the moment to dis- cuss the case. Virginia officers said a Treasury employe was suspected of the un- precedented theft from the tightly guarded engraving building. Tip on Theft They said this employe had spent several thousand dollars of the money. The Bureau of Printing and En- graving comes under the jurisdic- tion of the Treasury Department. The officers said an associate ton, which is about. 25 miles from Centerville, and Secret Service agents in collaboration with state police went to the farm and found the money. Secret j money ___, the Virginia troopers were without definite information as to the seeking one or more suspects in the case, Baughman said if he had any- thing to announce it would not be before afternoon. "We'll have to work added without elaboration. to Las Vegas or Reno to be mar- ried. A studio spokesman said Miss Monroe's home telephone here doesn't answer and he could "only assume that she's still in San Francisco." The next bit of rumor in Holly- wood was that perhaps she was holding cut, inasmuch as her pres- ent contract is about to expire and she hasn't signed a new one at 20th Century-Fox. The rumble was that La Monroe wants more money. But finally, her agent. Jack Gor- doen, blasted some of the rumors. Why no, he said, there aren't any wedding plans. He would dismiss j that altogether, he said. Miss Mon- hejroe wasn't at her studio, he ex- plained, because she didn't like the foreign relations and national defense aspects of his messa ge. Similar moves were under way in Congress, almost evenly divided among the two parties. Chairman Wiley (R-wis) an- nounced that the Senate Foreign (Continued on Page 12, Column 6.) FARM The Evening Star quoted Vir- the script for the picture "Pink ginia police as calling some of the I Tights." and she won'i suspects "gun-toting men" andjfor rehearsals until sh as saying lives might be endan- gered in their roundup. The missing money was in crisp, new bills. Somehow, someone sneaked it out of the bureau during the New I Year's holiday period, leaving two paper where the money was sup- posed to be in a vault. prove a new script. t show up she can ap The picture will have Dan Dailey and Frank Sinatra in the cast. At last report, DiMaggio and Miss Monroe were still in the San Francisco bay area. The studio said she would re- main under suspension until she gets back. i the wake of the recovery. No Comment Secret Service headquarters de- clined 10 comment on the report by the Virginia troopers. of the suspect, who knew of the Chief U. E. Baughman, who had theft, gave information to a state police officer which led to re- been up ail night working on the case, told reporters, "I can't on West Coast Inspection leased the serial numbers of the j bills Monday night. I Washington metropolitan police SAN FRANCISCO Gen. Mat- thew Ridgway, U. S. Army chief of staff, arrived last night from Washington for a one-day inspec- tion of 6th Army headquarters and said a produce company reported this morning that a check of its cash register had turned up one of the bills. Police referred the report to the Secret Service. installations. Seven-Year-Old Barbara Ful- ler of Liberal, Kan., Monday nestled her head on a tremend- ous carrot, just pulled from the small garden at her home. The big vegetable tipped the scales at an ounce over live pounds. Planted last spring it apparent- ly continued to grow until its unseasonably late winter pull- ing. CAP Wirephoto)
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