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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 2, 1954, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Colder Tonight; Sunday Quite Cold Wear Your Winter Carnival Emblem NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 35 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 2, 1954 SIXTEEN PAGES 16 Trampled to Death in Mob Greeting Jap Emperor TOKYO At least IS persons were trampled to death' and 30 were injured today as an estimated subjects swarmed around the Imperial Palace to extend New Year's greetings to Emperor Hirohito, the newspaper Asahi said tonight. Kyodo News Agency said the vast throng got out of hand at about p.m. a.m. the deadline for signing the im- perial register and offering best wishes to Hirohito. The crowd swarmed toward the gates of the palace grounds as police tried to bar the entrance at the deadline, Kyodo said. Thousands who had not yet had a chance to sign the register tried to push through. Men, women and children fell under the feet of the onrushing crowd. There was no immediate word on whether any Americans were among the dead and injured. The English language Japan News said the crowd gathered in hopes that the Emperor might make a public appearance. The News said two American Marines helped Japanese .police rescue persons knocked down by the crowd and prevent a possibly higher death toll. Before the war only titled Japa- nese were allowed to enter the palace grounds and sign the im- perial register. Since tile war, however, everyone has been wel- come. Each year hundreds of Gillette to Ask McCarthy Quiz thousands of Japanese have made I it a custom to wish the Emperor! well during the new year. Moen, 23, New Year Highway Death Toll Running Behind Yule Total By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The nation's traffic death toll over the New Year's weekend holi- was caught after police day was running behind the Christmas total by at least 100. >set a careful trap last Wednesday Thsre were 135 persons killed in highway accidents since the sur- in the neighborhood where vey started at 6. p.m. Thursday (iocal In the corresponding of the families live. Chief New Year Party Proves Costly CHICAGO New Year's Sve party Mrs. Isabelle Tagliere attended was a costly one. Mrs. Tagliere, 51, a widow, told Albany Park police yesterday that while She was at the party burglars broke into her home and took cash and furs and jewelry she valued at Police Stop Student's Try At Extortion LONG BEACH, Calif Chief William H. Dovey says a college student has signed a state- j tended and "i will ask the Senate Opposes Senator's Invasion of Foreign Relations Field By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON 'Gillette (D-Iowa) said today he will ask the Senate to curb broad investi- gative powers in the field of inter- national relations now held by the committee headed by Sen, Mc- Carthy "This is a glaring Gillette said in an interview. "It is something that was never in- ment admitting that he attempted I to pass on it at the coming ses- to extort S40.000 from four wealthy sion." Long Beach families to iinance his j education. McCarthy is chairman of the j Government Operations Committee Under arrest is Robert Wallace j and of its more widely known a brilliant student at nearby Po- mona College. Ke is held in jail on a booking of suspicion of bur- by police as Permanent Investigations subcom- mittee. Gillette said he wants the Senate to rescind authority for the Gov- glary but Chief Dovey said it is eminent Operation's Committee to Fea rs Will Stall Talks THINKS OTHERS MAY COME Doubts Jan. 25 Young Texas ROW Meetings Will Dynamite Threat Has Novel Climax TURIN, Italy threatening note ordered a Turin power company to toss a million lire from a speeding train, or its plant would be dynamited. So a bundle was tossed from the window of the Aosta express into field marked with two empty :asoline cans, as the train streaked )y at a mile a minute. A dark-clad man dashed out and snatched up the bundle. The train dagger-wwlding PO.Ws. screeched to a stop and 20 armed CIaud? J' Batdjelor, who changed his mind and asked yes- detectives fanned out and caught I terday to go home, called for an investigation of conditions inside 'the pro-Communist neutral zone Asks Repatriation By JOHN RANDOLPH SEOUL young Texas of 23 American war prisoners who originally stayed with the today "there might be others who would come out" if given protection from man. Identifying himself Jattelli, 48, a soap salesman, he compound and said Indian guards as Bruno should search it for hidden weap. planned to have an attempted j international affairs j admitted the threatening note and extortion charge filed against him and give this solely to the Foreign I was in jail here today for I Monday. j Relations Committee, of which Gil- attempted extortion. lette is a member. Altnough he has tangled j Batte'lli let the police -in on a with j not only had no dyna- McCartliy in the past, Gillette made j mite but had never seen any. no mention of the Wisconsin sen-1 period for the Christmas holiday the toll was 237. The violent deaths since TODAY Year's Eve was 180. They included 24 persons who perished in fires Why Beria Was Slain By Soviets By JOSEPH ALSOP LONDON Here is a mystery story. It is a reconstruction of the death of Lavrenti Beria, made in the Hercule Poirot manner, but by a very high authority. No one can say whether it is true or untrue. But at least it fits all the facts, which no other theory does. Thus it has a bit more current interest than the ordinary paperback. First, following the Poirot meth- od., what was the character of the dead man. Lavrenti Beria was a brilliant, ruthless intellectual who had the reputation of knowing rather more about the real world than most of his rivals in the airless fortress of the Kremlin. He reached the pin- nacle of power in the rather odd role of the merciful police chief, appointed to halt the fearful Soviet terror of the '30s. In international affairs he showed his hand only once before the death of Stalin. At the most dangerous mcment in the crisis of the Berlin block- ade, a Russian general who was well known to be Beria's man in Berlin came secretly and by night to the house of the United States political adviser in Germany, Am-j bassador Robert Murphy. The Rus-i sian explained that he "represent-1 ed certain groups" in Moscow whoi feared that the Berlin situation! was getting out of hand. He plead- ed with Murphy to try negotiating a settlement through these "groups." Started With Stalin This overture, which our own State Department believed Eeria had stimulated, led nowhere in the end. Yet the incident must be placed in the Beria file, along with the fact that Beria headed Rus- sia's all too successful. postwar atomic program. Knowing more of the nature of atomic hot war than anyone else in the Kremlin, could u he" perhaps have disliked the risks I "inist policy of all out ______ Dovey said a dummy package was ator in explaining why he sought dropped at an intersection and a j the change. dozen detectives were hiding in the "International relationships are vicinity. Moen was arrested when I delicate now and will be for an and" 20 others who lost their lives a few unforeseen GiHette said, in miscellaneous accidents The 180! v. has S'ven compared to 285 in the same peri-1 chlef said notes> threatening IBatons Committee authority in od during the Christmas holidav. I deatuh' were dropped in mailboxes field The final Christmas tnffip the four families, the first one I We all know that careless ac- total was 523 flhristmas -Rvp tions or statements in this fiplrf The Christmas total is included among the National Safety Coun-j cil's estimated persons killed j in traffic accidents in 1953, the same as in 1952. It was the first year since 1949 that the toll did not increase. The council said 1953 had the lowest mileage death rate in the history of traffic accident rec- ords. It was estimated at number of deaths per 100 mi'lion miles. The council had estimated 360 persons would be killed in motor mishaps during the New Year's weekend ending midnight Sunday. However, Ne. H. Dearborn, coun- cil president, said if theht-forreig rate was maintained for the rest of the holiday period the toll would be tinder 300, the lowest New Year's traffic death toll since 1949. "Apparently the shock of the heavy Christmas holiday traffic toll plus the incessant emphasis placed on safety by press, TV and radio has sobered the New Year holiday drivers into better traffic Dearborn said. There were 407 traffic deaths for a four-day New Year weekend last year while the record for four days was Sll in 1951-52. A non-holiday death test survey, from 6 p.m. Dec. 3 to midnight Dec. 6, showed that 310 died in traffic accidents, 33 in fires and 89 in miscellaneous accidents. Christmas Eve. The notes gave tions or statements in this field instructions for delivery of thi money last Wednesday night. Gen. Dean Leads Tournament of Roses Parade Calif. inter- War Ace Speed Record LOS ANGELES Willard ._.. _ forces in the bloody battles of Korea, sparked the colorful 65th annual Tournament of Roses Parade here Friday. Millions looked 9n as Maj. Gen. William F. ex-prisoner-of- war hero of Korea, the grand marshal of the parate, led the flow- er-covered floats in a two hour procession. Nearby Long Beach won the an- nual tournament with a brilliant floral display and two international beauties, Miss France and Miss United States. Police estimated per- sons jammed the four-and-a-half- miJe parade route. Other millions saw the spectacle on television, in- cluding an estimated few thousand who witnessed the first color tele- cast of tire parade. Cowboy actor Roy Rogers and his actress wife. Dale Evans, rode "the covered wagon" which won the grand prize for the most beautiful commercial float. It was entered by General Foods. can jeopardize our international j status." j Gillette's proposal followed by a day a remark by another Democrat, Sen. McCarran of Nev- ada, that the investigations sub' committee in its investigations of Communism "has stepped over into a field where it was not intended to function at all." Hcwever, McCarran in an inter- view said nothing about attempting to curb McCarthy's activities. He said on the contrary he thought the investigations subcommittee has "done good and em- phasized there was nothing person- al in -his remarks. He and Mc- Carthy often have exchanged compliments. The Nevadan said, however, he thought the Senate Internal Secu- ity subcommittee, of which he is senior Democratic member, "can do all the work necessary on the Senate side" in investigating sub- versive activities. Explains Probes McCarthy, 'in Miami, said yes- erday that "digging out Commu- lism" is not the "primary purpose" Ike Has Work On Messages Nearly Finished AUGUSTA, Ga. UP! President ions. Batchelor, of Kermit, Tex., is the second of the 23 Americans j to ask repatriation. I His story of life in the wire-en- closed compound near Panmun- jom, told during a 40-minute press conference here, conflicted at many points with reports of the Indian command on conditions in the stockade now holding 21 Amer- icans, 1 Briton and 327 South Ko- reans. The 22-year-old corporal calmly faced a battery of newsmen, cam- eras and microphones as he made these points: 1. Both South Korean and Amer- ican pro-Red prisoners in the camp are armed with daggers to intimi- date any prisoner who wishes to Eisenhower, 'nearing completion of escape. "It would be difficult at, work on a series of messages to I times for the Americans to get Congress, confers again today with (out." administration advisers. The President scheduled another early morning session in his office at the Augusta National Golf Club. This session was set for 8 a.m., EST. He started the new year yester- day with a four and a half hour morning conference on the State of the Union message which he Many Mixed Up 2. Chinese Communist leaders have "some contact" with prison- ers in the neutral zone compound, despite Indian reports to the con- trary. 3. "A lot of fellows there are quite mixed up and there might be others who would come out" if they had a chance. 4. All outgoing letters from the Open on Time Sfiil Suspicious About Tactics Of Soviets Cpl. Claude J. Batchelor will deliver to Congress in person are written jointly next Thursday. to the other prisoners. W, Milhkan, 35-year-old World War Mexico captured the internation- II act, took off from Isos Angeles al trophy for the most beautiful en- internatioial airport at a.m. try from outside the United States. CST, in an F86 Sabre jet today in St, Louis took the national trophy an attempt to establish a new j for the most beautiful outside Cal- coast-to-coast speed record for i ifornia. Haiti won a contest among Planes, 'nations and Michigan led among His goal is Mitchel Air Base at! states and territories Hempstead, N.Y., and his hope is j. The prize for the best depiction better the record of 4 hours and of the parade's theme, "Famous january of 1946 j BOOJ.S in went to Mjnute of the Stalin cold war? Then, second, where were the roots of Beria's death? Beyond doubt, the process tha ended in the execution of Beria be gan with the death of Josef Stalin Before he died, Stalin had driven the all important Chinese satellite. almost to the breaking point, b; his Shylock-like refusal to lighten their military-economic burden. He had driven the American admin istration to the verge of spreading the Korean War, by his obstinate persistence in his Korean venture Worst of all, he was preparing an- other great purge which endanger- ed every Russian leader. There is very little doubt thai the senile despot was put out of the way, for these and other rea- sons, by an alliance between Ber ia's secret police and the majority faction in the Red army. There is no doubt at all that this alliance, while it lasted, counted more than anything else in the Kremlin. In the months after Stalin's death the Beria supporters who have now been executed were rising like rockets in the hierarchy. And Ber- ia was known to be the chief poli- cy maker despite Malenkov's of- ficially higher place. Third, what were the character- istics of this period of Beria's pre- r'lminance? policies Reversed They were striking. Stalin's me- mory was publicly dishonored, and Stalin's iron policies at home and abroad were hastily and dramati- (Continued on Page 12, Column 2.) i ALSOPS his subcommittee and that it has been careful to check with he Internal Security subcommittee o avoid duplication. He continued: "If in our investigations we find ubversive elements in government which would prevent the govern- ment from operating properly, and o other congressional, group is in- vestigating, then we go ahead. "I have no argument with Pat McCarran. Pat is one of the greatest senators we ever had and I have unlimited respect for him." Still another Democrat, Sen. Sparkman of Alabama, said in a separate interview yesterday, "If something should be done about McCarthy, why don't the Repub- licans do it? It's not our problem." Other Democrats have proposed various rules changes that might limit some activities of McCarthy's subcommittee. McCarthy riled some officials last year by announcing what he said was a voluntary agreement by a group of Greek ship owners to stop carrying cargo to Commu nist China. Then Eisenhower went off for a j 5. The prisoners are split into round of golf while his aides i factions and the leaders of various worked on into evening on the doc- i groups sometimes fail to pass on ument. j information given them by Indian James C. Hagerty, presidential j officials. press secretary, reported after the i Indian spokesmen have said re- morning meeting that "quite a lot peatedly there are no weapons in of progress" was made toward the compound and that it would be whipping the message into final a simple matter for any prisoner form. Work also continued on the I wishing repatriation to contact a annual budget and economic re- 1 guard. ports to Congress. Batchelor's calm and poise con- FBI Captures Couple Wanted In Bank Holdup NEW ORLEANS agents said today a young couple, wanted in Houston, Tex., inf the robbery of the National Bank of Houston, Friday night, Special Agent were captured here Ray L. Faisst The conferences here are being trasted Sf extreme nervous- attended by Budget Director Jo- j Edward S. Dickenson seph M. Dodge; Ambassador Hen- of Stone Gap Va., who wa.s ry Cabot Lodge, chief U.S. dele- 1 "Patliated frora north camP gate to the United Nations; Dr. Arthur S. Flemming, head of the dd- Statement Office of Defense Mobilization; if "day that tender love letters Sherman Adams, Eisenhower's top 1 m ,hls wife, Kyoko, assistant, and other White House I a in. ,his decisfon ajdes i to return home. He said a growing _." I suspicion of Communist motives Eisenhower already has com- !finally persuaded him about a pleted a report he will make to month ago to return. the nation Monday night on his ad ministration's first year in office. The speech will be carried on tele-1 Final Checkup Sunday morning the young vision and radio. I poral will fly to Tokyo for a final This Float, titled Heritage" and entered by Long Beach, won the sweepstakes award as the most beautiful in the Tournament of Roses parade in Pasadena, Calif. Christine Martel, left, and Myrna Hansen, who Miss Universe and Miss United States in last sum- mer's beauty pageant at Long Beach, ride the float. (AP Wirephoto) The President plans to fly back I medical cf-eekup and a meeting to Washington tomorrow, ending a w'th his wife, visit which began Christmas Day.! T1'e tiny Japanese woman wrote her husband Saturday that his de- cision to return home "was like a dream a Christmas dream come true after three years." Batchelor refused to answer many questions concerning condi tions inside the camp. He said he did not want to in criminate any of the men remain- ing, but it appeared that he migh have been following the advice of 4 State Deaths In New Year By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Four persons died in traffic ac- cidents in Minnesota on the first T. day of the new year after 1953 oncers who have closed with 634 deaths, third worst I Wltll sme? record in the state's history. Only worse years were 1936, when 649 were killed, and 1941, when the toll was 641. First 1954 victims were: Mrs. Laura Rooth, 55, Minnea- polia, struck by a car at a. m. Friday near the hotel where she lived. return to the U-N- I Batchelor explained how he i gradually picked up Communist doctrines. "There were all kinds of study groups and bull he said. "They gave us all kinds of litera- ture on Marxism, Communist Mrs. Victoria Widman, 66, St. I the class struggle, politi- cal economy and American ag Paul, run down about 7 a. m. Friday on her way to church, Clarence C. Tiede, 35, Ada, killed early Friday when his car and another collided on Highway 16 near Lakefield, Minn. Five young persons in the other car were hurt. In serious condition in a Lakefield hospital are Janette Maher, 18, and Alvin Scbroeder, 18, both of Worthington. James F. Pelant, 23, Montgom- ery, killed when his car went off lie road early Friday on Highway 21, 16 miles northwest of Fari- >ault, Marjean Hafelmeyer, 19, Taribault, a passenger in the car, was taken1 to a Faribault hospital m serious condition. Two persons lost their lives in Wisconsin accidents so far in the ew Year holiday weekend. Herbert W. Walter Jr., 24, of Seven Mile Creek, near Mauston, was injured fatally Friday when u's car skidded on frosty Highways 2-16 four miles east of Mauston nd crashed into a ditch. Francisco 56, of Mil- waukee, was killed Friday when he vas struck by a car while crossing Milwaukee street gression. Some of the books were by Stalin." Batchelor .said he did a lot of reading. "My mind was confused. Not all the Communist propaganda is wrong. They use a bit of truth or they could never convert anyone. "I never thought of myself as a Communist so much as a peace wanted to fight against war and American aggression." Feels Like Shouting But Batchelor said he never be- lieved Communist charges that Americans used germ warfare and he said he no longer believes in Communism or that America is an aggressor. Batchelor described himself as a leader of the American prison- ers, but acknowledged that other POWs who talked with Indian offi- cers at the gate failed to pass on information. identified the pair as James David Mitchell. 22, and his wife, Lola, 18, a native of New Orleans. Faisst 'Said Mitchell, one of four men hunted in the bank robbery last Thursday, will be charged with violating the federal bank robbery law. His wife has been named as a material witness. Mitchell's arrest leaves only one of the four alleged bank robbers at large. The two in custody are Donny Norris Allen, 19-year-old employe of the bank, and'Johnny Gonzales Navarro, 24. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Consider- able cloudiness and colder tonight with .occasional flurries of snow, Sunday mostly cloudy and quite cold. Low tonight 20, 'high Sunday 30. LOCAL WEATHER Ofiichi observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Friday: Maximum, 41; minimum, 15; noon. 38: precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 42; minimum, 28; noon, 29; precipitation, none; sun set tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 35 at p.m. Fri- day, min. 26 at a.m. today. Noon 28, sky overcast at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind 14 miles per hour from west, barometer 29.62 steady, humidity 74 per cent. By JOHN M. HfGHTOWER WASHINGTON officials xpressed hope today that the Berlin foreign ministers meeting actually will open Jan. 25, but they said the Russians still can stall he conference if they wish. Strong suspicions about Russia's tactics persist because one of Mos- cow's main purposes in the project s believed to be to delay French action on the proposed European Defense Community and so to delay Western plans for controlled rearmament of West Germany. Russia can forward this aim by keeping alive hope of successful East-West negotiations, either by promising conferences or actually holding them. The brighter the prospects of international peace by negotiation, the less pressure, pre- sumably, Frenchmen would feel to accept EDC and thereby abandon, their deep rooted opposition to any revival of German military srtength. Notes which the Western Powers handed the Soviet Foreign Office yesterday accepted Jan. 25 as the opening date for the Berlin meet- ing afreed also to a Russian pro- posal that the place of the meeting be determined by Big Four offi- cials in Germany and said that there is no point now in any fur- ther talk about an agenda for the conference since the ministers themselves will be meeting soon. I Several possibilities of further 1. The French government is to be reorganized in mid-January af- ter the new president takes office. 2. A site must be selected for the conference. The Western Powers proposed the Allied Control Authority Building, which the Rus- sians do not like.' There is some speculation that the Soviets may alternatively propose a former broadcasting headquarters which they control in West Berlin. That almost certainly would meet with ready Western acceptance. But there also has been specu- lation that the Reds would propose alternating the sessions between East and West Berlin -or among the four occupation sectors of the city. Despite difficulties such as the problem of uninhibited news reporting by Western correspon- dents, here say such arrangements could be worked out. If the Russians should unexpect- edly insist that the meetings be leld in East Berlin, the Western Powers, according to Washington officials, would reject the proposal flatly. 3. Another possible cause of de- [lay is the matter of subjects to be discussed. In previous note exchanges both the Western Powers and the Soviet government have in effect agreed that the future of Germany is a major topic of importance. Russia has served notice it "will bring up its demand for recognition of Red China as a fifth big world power and the Western governments have said that Russia can talk about anything it wants to. The West has repeatedly called for completion of an Austrian in- dependence treaty and Russia has refused to agree to talk about this at Berlin. Freighters Collide Off California Coast SAN FRANCISCO The Ft. Bragg to join the escort and teighters Permanente Silverbow [the cutter Escabana was ordered and Colorado collided tonight off he northern California coast, rip- ping a gaping hole in the Perma- out of San Francisco Bay to give any assistance needed. The Silverbow, bulk ore carrier owned by the Kaiser Com- nente's No, 4 hold and flooding Inc., and registered out of orepeak of the Colorado. But the i Oakland, Calif., was en route from had j Portland, Ore., to San Francisco. the most, she was iThe Colorado, a Victory-class proceeding toward San Francisco i freighter owned by the States in calm weather, escorted by the Steamship Co, of New York and other vessel and the passing Stand- ard Oil Co. tanker J. H. MacGare- gill. The Coast Guard estimated there registered out of Vancouver, Wash., left San Francisco at noon. Friday for Manila, The cause of the collision was This included, the news that Cpl. (were 45-50 men aboard each of the i not reported. Broken clouds cov- Dickenson had returned to his I ships involved in the collision 11! ered calm seas in the area at the home town in the United States miles off Ft. Bragg, Calif., 145 air-1 time, although there was the pos- and married, he said. i line miles northwest of San Fran- i sibility of rain squalls and fog in. "The Chinese told us he had I Cisco. j advance of an intense storm mov- Batchelor said. I A Coast Guard patrol boat left ing down, from the Gulf of Alaska.
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