Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 15, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Colder Tonight; Wednesday Fair, Colder Hurry You Good fellows NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 21 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 15, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Be a Good Fellow Following is a list of contri- butions to the Goodfellows fund to date: Previously A friend 2.00 Botsford Lumber Co. First National Bank and employes 100.00 Four wheeled 1.00 Dr. Robert Tweedy 10.00 Winona National and Savings Bank officers and employes........ 57.50 Merchants National Bank employes 65.50 Diocese of Winona Mr. and Mrs. Sid Topness, Whalan, Minn. 3.00 Friend from Kellogg 5.00 Walter C. Busse 2.00 Areni Shoe Co........ 25.00 Dolvin and Bob Boardman 3.00 In Memory of Grand- and Tommy 5.00 Dennis and Stephan, Lamoille 5.00 Tommy and Patricia Walchak 1.00 Grandma and Marie 2.00 Winona Textile Mills 10.00 Sandilou Baker 10.00 A skates. Gay Ulbrech popcorn and clothing. Mr. and Mrs. R. H. bags of popcorn. Dr. G. L. Mrs. Glenn Anderson, Canby, Minn., clothing. T. J. R. J. Williams family clothing, shoes, skates and boots; Mr. and Mrs. Harry Treder, Lewis- Soroptimist Club, doll dressing dolls. Federal District Court clerk Edgar Alstad today swore in George Rapp as new United States District Attorney for West- ern Wisconsin. Rapp replaced Frank Nikolay. (UP Telephoto) TODAY American POWs Spurn New Pleas By GEORGE McARTHUR and STAN CARTER PANMUNJOM Lt.' Gen. K. S. <Thimayya failed today in a personal appeal to coax 22 balky American prisoners to hear Allied efforts to woo them home. He said afterward he felt they never would agree. Thimayya said he is certain in his own mind that all prisoners in the pro-Red north Americans, one Briton and 328 North Ko- Malayan Deserts From Reds By JOSEPH ALSO? KUALA LUMPUR, Chong-Fong is a slender, intelli- gent, rather tense Malayan Chinese who represents a not unimportant victory for the free world. Until I minds and decide to go home, after to stay with the Communists because of firm polit- ical beliefs. Thimayya pictured the Ameri- cans as suspicious and hostile and pointed out that any who wanted to go home could do so easily merely by turning himself over to an Indian guard. Varied Jobs Planned The Indian chairman of-the Neu- tral Nations Repatriation Commis- sion said the 22 Americans told him today that after they are re- leased some plan to attend univer- sities in Peiping and other cities. Others plan to farm in China or visit Iron Curtain countries in Eu- rope. "They say they will work to- wards world Thimayya j' Nixon Readies V Report for Security Council Situations Studied On 70-Day Trip Will Be Explained By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON Presi- dent Nixon has a briefcase full of problems, all studied at first (to spread before the National Se- j curity Council, perhaps today. I They deal with situations he ex- amined in 70 days of travel and conversation with heads of govern- ment and plain citizens in Asia, the Middle East and the Pacific. These range from Australian un- happiness over some U.S. trade policies to the risks that a truce in Indochina would bring. The council, composed of top of- ficials the executive department responsible for national policy at the highest level, has first call'on Nixon's report on the trip that ended yesterday. Later this week and next he meets with congres- sional leaderr and State Depart- ment officials. Nixon said President Eisenhower would decide whether there is to be a radio-TV report to the nation. He had a preliminary talk with the president yesterday. Problems Divided By regions, here are some of the problems on which Nixon is pre- pared to report to the National Se- curity Council: 1. South and New Zealand, both strongly pro- American, are worried by what they call "discriminatory" trade restrictions against their wool and dairy products. Nixon promised to report their protests, with the re- minder that domestic American politics had to be considered. j 2. Far was told that! Japan, bursting with a temporary economic boom, is about to reas- STILLWATER, Minn, tffl An! sert its leadership over Asia. Eco- ex-convict, William Anderson, 35, comically, however, the Japanese Ex-Convict Begins Life Sentence in Deputy Shooting ongress Balks At UMT Proposal Braving Intensn Heat, firemen attempted to subdue the flames after a crash of a jeep and a gasoline trailer-truck on a highway near suburban Blue Island, 111., southwest of Chicago Monday. Mrs. LuciHe Hinz, 37, of nearby Palos Park, was killed when thrown irom me jeep. Driver of the- truck, Ralph R, Larkin of Lemont, 111., was rescued by the heroism of a passing trucker, H. G. Welsmith of Joliet, HI., but suffered seri- ous burns. (AP Wirephoto) said. He added that one American told him that any who change their of Minneapolis begins a life term in the state prison today just eight days after shooting a deputy sher- iff to death during a tavern break- i. In a quick series of events Mon- face the problem of developing greater new markets, to offset their dependence upon the areas now under Communist control. One problem is to stimulate more rapid Japanese rearmament. An- other is to settle a growing and serious dispute over fishing rights six months ago, he was one of the few thousand jungle terrorists who are the spearhead of Communist imperialism, here in Malaya. Now he has come back. His story tells a lot about matters more impor- tant than Liu Chong-Fong. It was in 1948 when Liu's "life in his own sharp phrase. In those days he was a school teacher in the Malay state of Pa- hang. He was engaged to be mar- ried. And like many another young Chinese intellectual, he ama- teurishly dabbling in Communism. One fine morning his cell leader came to him with the word, "the party has given the order to go to the jungle." The cell leader added that the jungle was only refuge from execution by the British. Liu obeyed. Soon Liu and a helpless group of others like him were standing in a wild jungle clearing, getting their assignments from the ruthless Pahang party boss, Wu day afternoon Anderson, was in-i and other issues between Korea dieted by an Anoka County grand jury, pleaded guilty, and was given and Japan." A third is to settle the status of Okinawa, which Japan Teh. Liu and seven other "intellec- led by an aged party hack, Yen Ching-Lin, were ordered to start the local underground press. They were established in a remote (Continued on Page A, Column 5) ALSOPS Italian Workers On Strike Again ROME five years, will return to the Unit- a mandatory life term by District I wants back, but which American ed States. [Judge Leonard Keyes at Anoka. officials say is vital for the long- All presumably would be sub- Anderson entered his guilty plea I range aerial defense of the United after having expressed a desire States. to "get it over with as soon as At the same time a basic blue- ject to desertion charges and pos- sibly more serious offenses if they ___ ___ __ ___ __ __ ___ returned openly however. I possible." print is needed for Korea, if the Other prisoners told Thimayya Anderson admitted shooting Er-! present truce continues, the Communists had told them I nest Zettergren, Anoka County) 3- Southeast Asia The major "after a couple of years, if you I deputy sheriff, when the latter in-1 problem is a growing French effort like, we will take up the question I of bringing your families out here." Thimayya said the Americans "are suspicious of anybody and everybody. They think anyone who enters the compound to see them must be trying to convert them." The general said the prisoners were "dying for "I thought they had a secret radio but apparently they have not. Their anxiety for the news seemed to be genuine." Thimayya said he had received about 150 letters from the United from religious as- him to pass on letters to the prisoners. He said the letters were pleas to the prisoners to return home. Thimayya said he replied that it would be impossible to deliver the letters. The prisoners have asked the In- dians to censor all mail and weed out propaganda. The letters "would not influence them at Thimayya said, be- cause the prisoners already have made up their minds. The general added that he could Millions of Italian j not understand efforts the Unitec terrupted him last Monday after he had broken into a Fridley tav- ern. Zettergren had stopped his pa- trol car to check a broken window at the tavern. Anderson said he shot the deputy as he walked to the letter's car at Zetter- gren's command. Anderson was arrested in his Minneapolis home several hours after the shooting on the basis of his auto license num- ber, which had been radioed to the sheriff's office by the deputy. Anderson, who had a 20-year rec- ord of crime, said he had broken into the tavern in quest of beer. Complaint Against Doubleday Dropped to settle a 'seven years' war with the Communist-led Vietminh forces through a negotiated truce, a move- ment spurred by the armistice in Korea. American officials on the spot say a truce now would open all of Indochina to the undisputed political influence of Moscow- trained Ho Chi Minn, thereby jeopardizing all of rich Southeast Storm of Protest Follows Dulles Edict on Treaty By TOM MASTERSON PARIS NATO Council of Ministers heard more discussion today 'of Europe's political situa- tion amid a storm of protest aroused by U. S. Secretary of State Dulles' warning that France must ratify the European army pact soon or face a U. S. "reap- praisal" of its European policies. French officials were reported furious over Dulles' blunt remarks, which implied that any reappraisal might involve a shift of U.S. troops and aid from the European con- tinent. Paris newspapers termed his statement a "brutal, ultima- tum." In London, British newspapers of varying political, shades also sharp- criticized the remarks as "folly" AWAITS RED APOLOGY Dean in Tokyo On Way Home TOKYO MV-U.S. envoy Arthur H. Dean arrived today en route to Washington after bluntly rejecting a Communist proposal for im- mediate resumption of negotiations to set up a Korean peace confer ence. The State Department envoy who for seven weeks wrangled with the Red diplomats at Panmunjorn said he won't return to the con- Asia. All the pathways to this vital. and "best left unsaid." region are open to direct Chinese Dulles military power. ference table unless the Commun- ists retract charges that the United States connived with South Korea to release anti-Red war pris- oners last June. Dean broke off the talks Satur- day. A Communist note delivered ear- ly today suggested immediate re- sumption of negotiations. But an Allied spokesman said the note also repeated "the Red charge of perfidy." It drew a prompt rejection. "I shall not be with you at any time until you make an ap- propriate retraction or correction Monday to a news Monday TO a news umary power. TI c conference after addressing the ldtlf. w 4. South Asia-The United States nnpnina of thP NATO m his faces a basic decision in determin- of this insult in a manner satis- factory to my Dean meetog o ttNATO raftering Informants said He will'leave Wednesday for ing how to deal with India's Prime !he made the samejointsto the! to report to the State Minister Nehru, prime spokesman I councii i nonor-fmont onH nth. fflO TlOllfp'l licm in for the neutralism prevalent in this area. Military aid to neighboring Pak. stan, now being discussed, mean risking Nehru's opposition. 5.. Middle major mill WASHINGTON line withjtary weakness in this strategi its new policy toward use of the.) stretch of the world is Iran. Asid word "free" in advertising, the from its pressing economic and po Federal Trade Commission today! litical problems, this key country dismissed a complaint difficult to defend, without a fa Doubleday Co., Inc., of New, greater military investment than i York. inow being made. workers threw another sharp strike punch today in their running bat- tle for higher pay, but in some areas large numbers ignored the call for a 24-hour, nationwide walk- out of industrial, construction and utilities workers. Police said they picked up "a few" people for causing distur- bances in buses but released them later. Otherwise no violence was j iljans. reported. i The armistice provides for their States is making to win back the prisoners. If 22 Indians refused to return home, he said, India would let them dc as they please. Thimayya said Indian troops wil not retain custody of prisoners who have refused to go home after Jan 22, removing one of the last re maining barriers to the release o: all unrepatriated prisoners as civ It was the second nationwide strike in five days and the thirc of a fall and winter union offen- sive. The walkouts only last 24 hours because neither workers nor their unions have money for a long strike. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and colder tonight, snow ending before midnight. Wednesday fair and colder. Lowest tonight 8 above, high Wednesdav 14. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 27; minimum, noon, IS.; precipitation, 1V4 inches of snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 24 at noon Monday, min. broken layer of clouds at feet and overcast at feet, visi- bility 3 miles with light snow, wind 7 miles per hour from north, barometer 29.96 steady, humidity 78 per cent. release on Jan. 22, but the Com- munists have argued that they must be retained in custody until a peace conference decides their fate. Thimayya talked for 90 minutes today with two prisoners identified as leaders in the north U.S. Sgt. R. G. Cordon of East Providence. R.I., and British Ma rine Andrew Condron. An Indian spokesman said the two leaders were unmoved after their private conference with Thi- mayya in a Korean hut outside the barbed wire compound where they are held by the repatriation com- mission. The POW spokesmen said the Americans and Briton' would not come out for face-to-face talks with American explainers until the Neutral Nations Repatriation Com- mission settled a dispute with pro- Communist South Korean prisoners who also refuse to attend explana- tions. Thimayya said earlier he per- sonally felt the Americans simply did not want to attend the expla- He called some of. then- reasons for stalling the interviews absurd, I Life Goes On at the Howe poultry farm while Mrs. Howe is in Tokyo attempting to see her POW son, Richard Tenne- son. In the picture above, Nathan Howe, IB, brother of Richard, helps his father Eben, right, crate up some poultry for shipping. At the right are pic- tured the ten-year-old Howe twins, Eben Jr. and Jan who eagerly await their mother's return. They hope she will bring back the best Christmas present of half- brother, Richard. (UP Tele- photos) Strong Language In the strongest language yet Department and officials of 15 oth- I er United Nations which fought in Korea. Dean, on his arrival in Tokyo, heard at a NATO meeting, the ms said the Communists "are dehber- Great Lakes Ore, Coal, Grain Hit Shipping Record CLEVELAND Lfl The Lake Carriers Association today report- ed a new record for lake ship- ments of iron ore, coal and grain to Dec. 1. Cargoes of the three commod ties to that date totaled 105 net tons, compared to the ol record of tons set din- ing the corresponding period 1342. The iron ore shipping season now ended, saw a record total o gross tons net tons of the red dirt move down the lakes. On Dec. 1, tons of coal and tons o grain had been hauled over th' lakes. secretary of state warned: 1. Unless the European Defense Community (EDC) treaty is rati- fied quickly, the United States will have to "re-study" how to im- plement its obligations to NATO, and the disposition of U.S. troops "would, of course, be a factor in the agonizing reappraisal." 2. If the Western nations, "es- pecially France and Germany" de- cide to commit suicide by failing to unite, "they may have to com- mit it alone." Dulles' threats were aimed main- ly at the French, who first pro- posed the EDC and then turned sour on the idea. They fear the pact, which would bring 12 West. German divisions into a six-nation European army would give Ger- man troops a new chance to in- vade France. Yet many French leaders agree a European army including West Germans is necessary to defend Western Europe against Soviet at- ately stalling" the negotiations "be- cause they do not dare to have the subject of the non-repatriated prisoners aired" at the long delay- ed peace conference. He was referring to the anti-Communist North Korean am Chinese prisoners who overwhelm ingly have rejected opportunitie to return home during explana tions. The Reds, he said, "knowingly and intentionally wrecked" the ex planation program because "so few of their soldiers came home.' The U.S. State Department Mon day called in ambassadors repre senting its Korean war allies for a briefing on why the talks were sus pended. U.S. officials told the envoys Dean suspended the die not break them off the Reds withdraw the perfidy charges and show a willingness to negotiate in good faith. While Dean headed for Washing The French cabinet scheduled a I the Indian command at Pan- breign affairs meeting today. An munjom appealed to the 22 Amer announcement said the govern- ment leaders would discuss both the recent Big Three Bermuda conference and the current NATO ,alks. Although no official mention was made of the Dulles statement, Trench sources said privately that lis remarks might reduce still fur- ther the chances that the national ssembly would ratify the EDC treaty. hfowell Named Siants Coach NEW YORK The New York ootball Giants today named Jim Lee Howell, star player and assist- nt coach under Steve Owen, to uceed Owen as head coach of the National Football 'League earn. Owen announced his retire- ment from coaching last week and 'ill head the scouting sys- jican war prisoners converted to Communism to come out for ex- planations designed to coax them home. But the 22, through their man, Sgt. Richard G.. Corden of East Providence, R. L, stood firm and refused to meet with Allied persuasion teams. Indian Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimayya, bead of the Neutral Nations Re- patriation Commission carried an appeal to the Americans, although first noting he couldn't see how he could succeed since the mother of one apparently had failed. She is Mrs. Portia Howe, who flew miles from her Alden, Minn., home to Tokyo, only to get a letter from her son telling her he doesn't want to return. Mrs. Howe said she had given up hope of going to Korea, but cancelled reservations on a home- ward bound plane, declaring: "I have decided to stay in Tokyo until the last possible chance for my son to come home has gone." Prout Named New Conservation Head ST. PAUL V. Willard Hastings deputy Minnesota com missioner of conservation, will re tire Dec. 31 and will be succeedec by Clarence Prout, now director of the division of forestry. The changes were announced Monday by Charles Wilson, con servation commissioner. He saic Willard's retirement was volun- tary. Wilson announced also that Ed' ward L. Lawson, Minneapolis assistant director of forestry, would succeed Prout as director, 'Yearling' Author Dies in Florida ST. AUGUSTINE, Fla. jorie Kinnan Rawlings, 57, Pulit- zer prize winning novelist, died at a hospital here Monday night. Over the weekend she complain- ed of indigestion, and was taken to a hospital here. The native of Washington, D.C., won the Pulitzer prize in 1939 with her novel, "The Yearling." rogram also might save money by permitting a reduction in the regular military forces, and might help deter war by setting up a steady program of long-term pre- laredness. However, the arguments appar- mtly made little impression on most members of Congress avail- ble in Washington for comment. House Speaker Joseph W. Martin r. said flatly, "I don't think the rogram would have much hanee." He added that "Congress as already said the draft and JMT should not operate concur- rently." Rep. Short chairman of the House Armed Services Com- mittee, which would have to act on a UMT bill, declared, "I am opposed to UMT. It won't work." Rep W. Sterling Cole chairman of the Senate-House At- omic Energy Committee and a member of the House Armed Serv- ices Committee, commented that with the: increasing emphasis on atomic weapons "the need for large numbers of men in uniform is considerably lessened." Cole, who has supported UMT in the past, said he did not think Congress would pass it now and that he might switch his own posi- tion. Strong Opposition Rep. Arends the House GOP whip, said the draft and UMT cannot operate simultaneously. Rep. Allen chairman of the key House Rules Committee, said, "I've always been against it and still am." Sen. Edwin C. Johnson (D-Colo) said, "I'm very much opposed to adding, "I don't' think it can operate with the draft at all." Sen. Duff however, said is "in complete accord" with the commission report. He said it 'imposes an obligation upon all :itizens of military age, it distri- jutes the burden in a fair way" and makes possible an effective -eserve without the expense of big standing forces. Some lawmakers who have fa- ored UMT were not in Washing- on. However, others said privately hey fear the 1954 session is the wrong time to bring it up. They pointed out that it is an election: and the legislative program already is crowded. After the Korean truce was igned, President Eisenhower Continued on Page 17, Column 6.) CONGRESS Explosion Cuts Mill City Power MINNEAPOLIS UP) Sections of Minneapolis and suburbs to the lortheast were blacked out for .bout an hour Monday night fol- owing an electrical explosion in a VTorthern States Power Co. sub- tation. Power failed in most parts of outheast and northeast Minnea- olis, and in New Brighton, Spring Lake Park and St. Northern States spokesmen said a short circuit in a cable pit at the sub-station at East Hennepin nd the city limits was the cause.