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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - December 2, 1953, Winona, Minnesota                              Mild Tonight, Occasional Rain; Some Snow ,Thursda> r Be An "T Early Goodfellow NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 10 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 1, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PACES Ike Backs Dulles in McCarthy Row Eisenhower Reported Set to Sell Public Housing Project Buildings By J. FRANK TRAGLE WASHINGTON Eber- harter (D-Pa) said today he under- stands the Eisenhower administra- tion has decided to halt the low- rent public housing program and to sell the buildings it owns. He said liquidation of the pro- gram was urged upon the admin- istration by the National Assn. o: Real Estate Boards, which he de scribed as "the strongest and mos influential voice in the determina tion of housing policies under this administration." He said selling o the projects would mean that most I public housing program, but it left Warm Clothes Given First of Needy Children HE first group o: more than 800 needy Winona children were taken to the stores Tuesday to be outfitted with warm win- fr clothing by f Dodfellow work- ers. Mqst of the first group were in need new shoes and over- shoes, while a few of the boys needed trousers. One little girl received a warm, winter coat. Two boys wore only tennis shoes and said they had no others. Most of the children wore shoes which were beyond repair. At first glance these children looked as though they were fairly well clothed. But on a closer look, ifcould be seen that the shoes were badly worn and their coats were often unlined or in too poor shape to last through the winter. The striking thing about these underprivileged children was that when asked what they needed most, none of them asked for things such as: dresses, shirts and the like for looks alone. Every child asked for things which would keep him warm and dry this winter. They asked for new shoes, overshoes and warm coats only the essentials. children were an ex- ample of the needy which the Goodfellows will clothe this year, agreed both Mrs. Thomas Lightfoot and Mrs. Lester Har- ris, Goodfellow workers for 11 years. The children only for clothes to keep warm in the cold Minnesota winter when Hiey walk to school or play outdoors, the workers said. Many of the children were shy. One boy is still recovering from the effects cf polio. He asked only for a pair of trousers. Every day this month the Good- fellow workers will be taking chil- dren to the stores to be fitted with warm winter clothes. Several groups will be fitted each day until every one of the more than 800 needy Winona children is clothed witp the essential items necessary to I face the bitter winter. This means a lot of work for the Good- fellow workers. These workers give unstintingly of their time, day aiter day. Won't you help, too, by contributing to the Goodfellows fund? The mcuey is needed NOW, so that the Goodfellows can plan their purchasing for each child. It is dif- ficult for them to determine how much can be spent on each child until they have an indication of how much money they will have to work with. Thus, yesterday morning when a little girl was bad- ly in need of new shoes, overshoes and a coat, purchase of the coat had to be postponed until it is cer- tain that enough money will be contributed to the Goodfellows. Every cent of the Goodfellows fund is spent wisely and carefully where it will do the most good. The stores give discounts and the bills go to the Association of Com- merce where they are audited and paid out of the fund accumulated by your generosity. Be an early Goodfellow. Mail or bring your contribution to the Good- fellows in care of The Republican- Herald. Make checks payable to "The Goodfellows." Be a Good- fellow NOW! Be a Goodfellow Following is a list of contribu- tions to the' Goodfellow's fund to date: Previously Winona Boiler Steel Co. 10.MI A Pickwick friend...... 1.00 A friend................ 2.00 Mrs. Chas. Biesanz 5.00 Mary, John and Richard 3.00 A clothing. tenants would be driven into slums. There was no immediate com- ment from government housing of- ficials. "Under legislation parsed earlier this year, no new projects could be started." Eberharter said. "That signaled the death of the unsettled the question of disposing of the to do with existing projects and those under construction, "The decision has now been made, I understand to liquidate program by selling the projects to private enterprise." Senate Spy Hunters Ponder Gouzenko Case Miss Sue White, right, 18-year-old Big Springs, Texas, girl weeps with joy after her white-faced Hereford, "One was named grand champion steer at the annual International Livestock Exposition in Chicago Tuesday. Trying to console Miss White is Jess C. Andrews, president of the livestock show. Miss White's Hereford won over more than 850 steers. She bought it a year ago for (AP Wirephoto) 813 3 Will Answer Russia at Bermuda By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON United States, Britain and France prob- ably will agree quickly at Bermuda on a terse, favorable but question- ng reply to Russia's proposal for suggest, Big Four meeting. Indications strongly lowever. that even though a four- area of the Kremlin's control through agreements covering East- ern Germany and Eastern Austria. 2. Molotov said in his note last Thursday proposing the meeting in Berlin that the one big thing Russia wants to talk about is a place for Red China in the councils of the great powers. In other power session is held, probably i words, Molotov has made clear he at Berlin in about two months, it will demand agreements from the will simply be a conference table i three Western Powers recognizing continuation of the deadlock be-! an enlarged area of Soviet influ- i tween Moscow and the West which I ence, if not domination. has been pointed up in the recent j Red China and Eastern Germany and Austria are widely separated places, but the principle, running through these contradictory propo- sitions is the same. There is pres- sently no evidence of any room for compromise between the Soviet determination to expand its power and the determination expressed by the United States at least on the Western side to force that pow- er to pull back. Hence, authorities here believe the problem in any four-power meeting will be to fix responsibil- ity for failure to reach agreement. One initial but widespread reac- tion on this point was that it would be wise to try to nail the Russians exchange of notes with Russia. Two sets of facts stand out in this regard: 1. Secretary of State Dulles told a news conference yesterday the only real issue in East-West rela- tions is a "fresh breath of free- dom" behind the Iron Curtain. In other words, Dulles says, the West- ern Powers' purpose in meeting with Soviet Foreign Minister Molo- tov will be to try to reduce the I Churchill on Way to Parley In Bermuda TUCKER'S TOWN, Bermuda Wl Prime Minister Church- ill winged over the Atlantic today to the Big Three meeting here which he hopes will be a major step toward the last big goal of his crowded world peace. French Premier Laniel was ex- pected tomorrow and President Eisenhower Friday. An authorita- tive source reported the U.S. Chief Executive hoped to win France's ratification of the European army pact with an assurance America would maintain its present "com- bat effectiveness" in Europe if France okayed the army plan. Churchill's American-built Strat- ocruiser, which left London late last night, was scheduled to refuel at Gander, Nfld., and arrive in Bermuda in mid-afternoon. This holiday spot's worst record- ed storm blew out to sea in ad- vance of Sir Winston's arrival after drenching the island yesterday with inches of rain in just an hour. A fresh northeasterly wind brought clear weather. The most stringent security reg- ulations in Bermuda's history were set up to guard the Big Three during: their talks, which begin Friday. Troops, barbed wire and other devices ringed the confer- ence headquarters, the Mid-Ocean here, to make it as nearly spy- proof and assassin-proof as pos- sible. May Pass Over Questioning of Canadian Citizen By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON (ffl Senate spy hunters meet today to decide what to do about questioning Igor Gou- zenko. They disclosed yesterday that the FBI reported information from the former Russian code clerk had enabled it to identify a U.S. scientist as a Soviet agent. Chairman Jenner (R-Ind) of the Senate internal security subcom- mittee, indicated the group was not likely to press the issue in view of Gouzenko's reported objection to being questioned. Jenner said in an interview in Louisville, Ky., "I don't want him to testify if he feels it will endanger him and his family." Once Willing Gouzenko, who once expressed willingness to talk to the investi- gators, said in a copyrighted ar- ticle written for the St. Louis Post- Dispatch and Toronto Telegram he decided not to allow the interview, for reasons of personal and family .safety. He has been living in an undisclosed place under an as sumed name, with Canadian gov- ernment protection. The internal security subcommit- tee, in releasing excerpts from the November 1945 FBI report, deleted the name of the scientist de- scribed by the FBI as a wartime consultant to Fleet Adm. Ernest J. King, then commander in chief of the U.S. fleet. The FBI said, as quoted by the subcommittee, that its information indicated the scientist may have furnished data on the Navy's prox- imity fuse to Dr. Allan Nunn May, British scientist who confessed in 1946 to passing atomic secrets to the Russians, Report Revealed This portion of the FBI report was revealed by the subcommittee as one of the reasons it wants to question Gouzenko, who fled from the Soviet Embassy in Ottawa in September 1945 and tipped Canadi- an authorities to a Russian spy network reaching into the United States. The excerpts were described as part of the 71-page report which Atty. Gen. Brownell has said was sent to former President Truman and various officials in November 1945. The documents, containing in- formation about an alleged espion- age ring in the government, was reported sent to then Secretary of the Navy James B. Forrestal, among others. After a closed meeting on pro- cedure, the subcommittee goes into public session today to question William Ludwig Ullmann, who has been named as a member of a wartime Soviet spy ring along with the late Harry Dexter White and others. Brownell has a-sserted that Tru- man promoted White in the face of FBI reports that White was a Rus- sian spy, Truman has replied he refrained from stopping an ap- pointment for White to safeguard an FBI probe. Ullmann is a former subordinate and associate of White in the A Stand In Times Square which specializes in out of town newspapers did a rushing business Tuesday nigh; as New Yorkers, eager for the printed word, got it from distant sources. The strike of photo-engravers has left the city with- out its fare of reading. (AP photo) City Without Newspaper Develops Nervous Twitch Road Lacked Cement, Steel, Examiner Says ST. PAUL tfl State public ex- aminer Richard Golling reported today that too little cement and too few steel reinforcing tie bars were used on the Highway 8 pav- ing project between Center City and Taylors Falls. The nine-mile stretch of paving was laid by the Oaks Construc- tion Co., St. Paul. Golling fixed the cement short- age at barrels, worth and the shortage of tie bars at valued at The state set the amount of cement needed at barrels, and the examiner said were used. He reported to Gov. Anderson and M. J. Hoffmann, state highway commissioner, on an investigation he undertook at their request. He said George E. Russell, state highway department project engi- neer assigned to the job, first sus- pected that too little cement was being used when tests on Aug. 10 showed the paving not up to stand- ard. Russell checked and learned that fewer carloads of cement bad been received than were required for the work already done and reported to the highway depart- ment early in September. Golling's report indicated he found evidence of some possible I were strangely empty of discarded laxity both on the part the i papers. Newsdealers twiddled their BULLETIN NEW YORK photo- engravers refused today to end a strike which has closed all of New York's major newspapers. By a vote of 289 to 47, the strikers rejected a plea by their international union chief to ac- cept arbitration on four major issues. The government also had ask- ed the union to submit the is- sues with six New York pub- lishers to arbitration or to decision by a neutral party. By NEW YORK city without newspapers develops a nervous twitch. Its inhabitants veer toward news- stands, reach in coat pockets for non-existent papers and restlessly scan car ads in subways and buses. Probably never before were so many ads read so thoroughly by so many riders. The alternatives were trying to figure out the for- eign-language paper on your lift or looking at the faces of fellow passengers. Outwardly the city, in the fourth day of a strike against the major dailies, went about its business as usual. Shoppers shopped, movie- goers formed long -lines, New York's working millions went right on working. No Discarded Papers But the streets and wastebaskets company and the highway depart- ment. thumbs or cried with papers brought in hastily from outlying down to a precise agenda for the i Treasury Department. In testifying conference. This may be at- tempted. However, the present feeling is that it would be unwise for the Western nations to get in- volved in any long discussions with the Soviets over an agenda since the U.S. government believes that the best thing to do with the meet- ing is to get it held as quickly as possible. before the Senate investigations subcommittee mann refused last Oct. 21, Ull- to say whether he was a Communist then or whether he had engaged in espionage ac- tivities while with the Treasury. He invoked his constitutional protection against possible self- incrimination also when asked whether he knew White was an espionage agent. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, right, boarded a plane at a London airport Tuesday for Bermuda where the Big Three con- ference will begin Friday. The Prime Minister was accompanied by the Foreign Secretary. Mr. Churchill, who will meet with President Eisenhower and Premier Laniel of France, is expected to head off any Anglo-American split on how to deal with Russia and Red China, (UP Telephoto) 30 South Koreans Choose Communism By MILO FARNETI PANMUNJOM passive South Koreans .unanimously chose Communism in today's opening round of Allied efforts to win back 351 South Korean, British and American war prisoners who haven't returned. The recorded strains of South Korea's national anthem played in the background as 27 men and three women listened quietly to ROK officers read a plea to come home. Then each walked out the door but he accused them of at. leading back to Communism tempting to slip an "enormous It appeareo possible the Allies j mto the conference by call. drew from a stacked deck. The first group was chosen by the pris- oners themselves in the Commu- nist-dominated camp. Observers ing for Russia to attend as a neu- tral. Dean said the two points of agreement are that the conference speculated each of the 30 might be j should be between tte two belUg9r. a confirmed Red. Thirty more South Koreans are to be interviewed Thursday (7 p.m. Wednesday Original plans called for 30 South Koreans to be interviewed daily for about 11 days before 22 Ameri- cans and one Briton are called, but a high American officer said the schedule is "not indi- cating the non-Koreans might be called sooner. The 30-0 score gives the Reds a propaganda theme to take some of the edge off the humiliating beating, they took in their inter- views. They got back less than 3 per cent of Chinese and Ko- reans. This was the first total blank. The Communists, however, met groups from 1313 to almost 500, Call- ing a compound at a time v-'ith no chance for special grouos to be maneuvered into the interview tents. Meanwhile, in a negotiation hut nearby, the Allies all but rejected a Red proposal for a Korean peace conference after a day of studying a Communist plan offered Wednes- day. U.S. Delegate Arthur H. Dean told the Reds thdre are two basic points on which both sides could. ent sides and that each side should vote as a unit with unanimous de- cisions necessary. Dean has proposed that the Rus- sians sit in as a "third neither neutral nor belligerent. districts to meet the hunger for news. Radio and television stations stepped up their news coverage but that did not seem to stem the desire for news. A tall man bought a Washington, D. C., papgr and explained, "I want to read the world news, not just sports and things like that. Listening is all right, but I like to read A cab driver at the Battery agreed with him. "I like to read the he said, "sports mostly, sure, and there isn't much going on now, bui I miss having something to read while I'm waiting for a fare." A bank teller said she missec the crossword puzzles. A reception- ist sighed for the gossip columns. A movie cashier wanted a paper "for the want ads." Saved for Regulars In the Wall Street financial dis- trict, a woman newsdealer sat on the bare green board usually cov- ered with newspapers and read a romance magazine. A little man in a blue overcoat whispered to her. She shook her head, not looking up. "He wanted a Wall Street Jour- she explained. "They're still putting out the same number, and I save mine for the regulars." The Stock Exchange, to meet the needs of financial houses, started issuing a sheet of afternoon closing prices to its members. Shoppers poured into the huge stores in the 14th Street and 34th Street areas. Some thought the ab- sence of newspaper ads cramped their style. Others said they were going Christmas "hopping anysvay. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy and mild tonight with occasional rain. Thursday cloudy and colder with some light rain mixed with snow. Low tonight 35, high Sun- day 42. LOCAL WEATHER Warns Unity of Free World Only Way to Survive President's Views On Controversy Prepared in Advance WASHINGTON (ffi President Eisenhower backing up Secretary of State Dulles' blast at Sen. McCarthy declared today that unity among free nations "is our only hope for survival." Like Dulles, Eisenhower did not mention McCarthy by name. But the President told a news confer- ence he is "in full accord with the statements made yesterday by Secretary Dulles." Dulles had asserted that criti- cism such as that fired by Me-. Carthy attacks the very heart of United States foreign policy. Eisenhower had anticipated ques- tioning about the matter, and an- nounced he had prepared his views in writing because, he said, they would be the only words he would have to say on the subject. Reads Statement The President then read the statement in which he declared: I am in full accord with the statements made yesterday by Secretary Dulles in his press con- ference." McCarthy was handed a copy of the President's statement in the Senate Office Building. He read it carefully, then told newsmen: "Perhaps I will wait and give put a statement Thursday morn- ing." He had previously scheduled a news conference later today. Holding the copy of Eisenhower's statement, McCarthy told newsmen he wanted "to go over this care- fully" and also to spend more time going over Secretary of State Dul- les' statement. Promises Statement- McCarthy said he p r o b a b Ij would have a statement "around 10 or Thursday morning which he said he would probably read for television. After Dulles' statement Tuesday, McCarthy had commented only: "Do you think he could have been referring to Dulles, though not mentioning McCarthy's name, had left DO doubt about it by using some of McCarthy's language in referring to criticism of administration for- eign policy. The President also took sharp issue with McCarthy on another subject-repeating that he believes the Communists in government is- sue will be out of the picture by :he time the congressional elec- tions occur next year, McCarthy told a nationwide ra- dio and television audience last week that Communism would be an issue and that the question of continuing his hunt for subver- sives would be the main issue !n the election of a Republican Congress. It was in the same speech that McCarthy took some cracks at ad- ministration foreign policy. The gist of his criticism was that this country should be tougher in deal- ing with its allies. Eisenhower said that if the Unit- ed States "should turn impatiently o coercion of other free nations, our brand of coercion, so far as our friends are concerned, .vould be a mark of the imperialist rather than of the leader." Explains Aid He said American military and Official observations for the 24 "e sala Amerlcan military ana hours endtae at 12 m todav economic aid was a part of this nours enamg at .u m toaay. num Maximum, 46; minimum, 36; noon, 40; precipitation, .03; sun sets tonight at sun rises, to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Maximum temperature 44 at a. m. today; low 34 at p. m. Tuesday. Noon ture 40 degrees, a 900-foot overcast with visibility of two miles with fog. The wind is from the west at five miles per hour; the baro- meter steady at 29.90, and the humidity is 87 per cent. National 4-H Forestry winners got together during the 4-H Con- gress in Chicago Tuesday, Left to right: Delmar Pres- cott, Ark.; John Hibbard, East Woodstock, Conn.; Anthony Gwirtz, Shelby, Ohio, and Lynn Lowman, Augusta, Wis. (UP Telephoto) country's own security program and added: "We do this because unity among free nations is our only hope for survival in the face of the world-wide Soviet con- spiracy backed by the weight of Soviet military power. "Tliis struggle dominates all other considerations of our times. The versus a life and death matter. "To my mind it is the strug- .gle of the ages." It was also in his prepared state- ment that Eisenhower repeated his expressed off-hand at an earlier news the Communists-in-government is- (Continued on Page 17, Column 2) EISENHOWER SHOPPING WWSIEFT   

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