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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 12, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy Tonight, Friday; Warmer Friday Good Schools Are YOUR Responsibility VOLUME 53, NO. 227 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 12, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Truman Won't Honor Subpoena; Postpones Friday Session Smoke And pour from the wreckage of two autos which collided at 46th St. and South Lake Shore Drive in Chicago Wednesday. Two persons were killed and four others injured, in- cluding a one-year-old baby. This picture was made by amateur photographer A. A. Childers. (AP Wirephoto) VESTRIS ANNIVERSARY 111 Lost Lives in 1928 Sea Disaster By MARTIN POST NEW YORK The 10th. day November 1928 was a fine day in New York. Herbert Hoover was the nation's president-elect, and already Gov- ernor elect Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York was being haled as the future hope of the Democratic party. On the New York exchanges, the stock market was boiling up to record heights, and in Italy Mt, Etna was boiling over the sur- rounding countryside. "Showboat" was in its 46th week on Broadway and going strong. In Hoboken, N. 328 men women and passeng- ers and 199 the gangplank of the British steamer Vestris for a time-tested voyage to South America. The ship, Capt. Will- iam J. Carey at the helm, stood out to sea, creating hardly a ripple in the passing scene. Some said later they could not see her plim- soll mark (load line) as she went by. Others remembered she may have had a slight list. Two days years ago liner went down'in a violent storm, taking 111 of her passengers and crew to their deaths. Ship Inspected The Vestris had clearance from the U. S. steamboat inspection service, which found her fire- fighting and life-saving equipment in order, and from Lloyd's sur- veyors, who found hull and equip- ment generally in good shape. But months later, after extensive prob ing, a court of the British Board of Trade said the Vestris was not in safe condition when she left Hoboken. Yet no one ever successfully challenged in an American court the contention of the owners, the Liverpool, Brazil and River Plate Steamship Co.. Ltd., and the op- erators, Lamport and Holt, that the disaster of sea was an act of God, brought on by a lashing hur- ricane. Eight years later an American judge declared lawsuits that reached a peak of five million dol- lars were settled. Claimants got pounds, the equivalent in those days of around The lights of New York hardly out of sight, the Vestris ran into freshening weather early Sunday, Nov. 11. The wind was from the noith- east and the ship began listing 3 to 5 degrees to starboard. Slowly she began to take on water. The list became more pronounced and the weather grew worse. At noon Sunday, some 240 miles off the Virginia Capes, with 'the Vestris veering wildly. Carey hove into a trough of the sea and or- dered engines stopped. Water poured into the stricken vessel. Pumps strained ineffectu- ally: even a bucket brigade was tried at one point. Two heavy seas hit the Vestris a one-two punch Sunday night. Twelve tons of motor cars broke loose and crashed into the sea- men's quarters. On Monday Carey radioed his office: "During night developed a 32- degree list. Starboard decks under water. Ship lying on beam ends. Indians Plan Next Step in POW Program PANMUNJOM (ffl The Indian command today worked on de- tailed plans for screening Chinese and Korean war prisoners if the Communists abandon efforts to Impossible proceed anywhere." At a. m. Monday, Nov. 12, Carey ordered his chief wireless man, M. J. O'Loughlin, to send a "CQ" signal, an alert. Seventy- nine minutes later he flashed an SOS. For four hours radio stations along the Atlantic coast were off the air, fearing to interfere with the communications between the doomed ship and the rescuers rushing to her side. "Oh, please, come at O'Loughlin pleaded. "We need im- mediate assistance." At a.m. a watertight bulk- head between the engine room and stokehold gave way and the fight to stay afloat was all but over. On the lopsided world that was the Vestris, frantic efforts were under way to float the lifeboats, j ready for a trip to Communist Three boats were lowered to with- headquarters at Kaesong when- woo them home. Red interviews with prisoners refusing repatriation were can- celed for the eighth straight day when the Communists repeated their demand to seee 356 POWs who were skippped by stalling persuad- ers last Thursday. Official quarters said the Red move apppeared to be merely a Truman Asked To Keep White By FBI, Claim Transfer From Security Sensitive Post Recalled NEW YORK m-Associates of former President Truman say he retained Harry Dexter White in his administration in cooperation with the FBI to prevent Commu- nists from learning White was un- der surveillance, It was because White was sus- pect, 'the associates were quoted as saying, that he was transferred from his "security sensitive" post as an assistant secretary of the Treasury to the "less: sensitive" post as director of the Internation- al Monetary Fund. The transfer was described by these associates as not a promotion. This, they suggested, may be the major theme of Truman's reply to Republican charges that he pro- moted White while aware White was a for Russia. The new York Times today, in a dispatch from Washington, says: "These sources said that about the time Elizabeth Bentley, a con- fessed former Soviet courier, be- gan to tell her story to the FBI, and some part of it could be check- ed by the bureau, a major eifort was made hy that agency to get Miss Bentley back into the Com- munist apparatus, and, meanwhile, withhold arrests or dismissals of her contacts within the goveni- ment, lest the Communists get word that Miss Bentley had tipped off the federal agents. "This was a major FBI effort, the Democrats recall, lasting more than a year and employing up to 500 agents at one time or anoth- Former President Harry S. Truman is sur- rounded by reporters as he signs autographs dur- ing his early morning walk in New York today. More than-100 reporters and photographers swarm- ed around the former president during his half- hour walk near the Waldorf-Astoria -Hotel. (UP Telephoto) WANTS SOUND FARM PLAN Benson Not interested In 'Personal Popularity' COLUMBUS, Ohio Secretary of Agriculture Benson, target of some farm leaders and congressmen because of his farm policies, declared today he is not interested in "personal popularity." The GOP farm chief said he is striking ahead in an effort'to develop a sound agricultural program that would serve of agriculture" and "all the people." maneuver while the Communist Truman's associates, the Times high command decides whether to go along with new Indian rules for running the interviews or tor- pedo the explanation program. Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimayya, Indian i chairman of the Neutral Nations said, noted that the House Un- American Activities Committee is- sued a report in 1948 explaining why it had deferred its operations in 1947 and part of 1948 though it had learned in February. 1947, in 15 feet of the water, and the screaming women and bewildered, sobbing children were placed in them. Lifeboat Lost ever the Reds' answer is ready. There was no word from the Communists. Thimayya has told the .Reds to (interview entire compounds of 500 But something went wrong. One men each in a day or skip those lifeboat never got loose. It went not interviewed. down with the ship. One was cut j Chinese in compound 22, called free, but it capsized. Another got i out last Thursday to wait while Repatriation Commission, was "that certain government em pi0yes had engaged in espionage." This report said the committee clear but was swamped. At p.m. the heroic O'Lough- lin uttered his final "goodbye." He was not among the survivors. Other lifeboats and a raft got free of the sinking ship. Male pas- sengers and crewman swarmed over the side and jumped into the shark-infested waters, whose waves sometimes towered 100 feet in the air. Fourteen hours later rescuers picked up eight boats. A man and a woman were found clinging to debris 18 hours after they left the Vestris. Carey's last order was to a sea- man: "Get your lifebelt on. Pay no attention to me." Then the captain wrote "end" to his 40-odd years at sea. Communist explainers interviewed only 136, have refused to come out again. held back because both the FBI and a federal grand jury were in- vestigating espionage in the gov- erment. The Chicago Daily News said Truman was ready to reply to his critics that White was shifted from "his security-important job as assistant secretary of the Treasury early in 1946 precisely be- cause his: loyalty to the United States was under suspicion. Missile May Break Up Tornado AUSTIN, Texas guided missile may someday be fired into the roaring heart of a tornado and save a city like Waco, Texas, from such damage and death left there last spring. Practical and possiWe of Ike Leaves Today For Ottawa and Canadian Talks WASHINGTON El- senhower leaves late today on a good neighbor trip to Ottawa for discussion of mutual problems- such as continental defense _ _ _ any enemy top Cana- j features of existing farm law. He In a speech prepared for a meet- ing of the Association of Land Grant Colleges and Universities, Benson said it .would have been "comparatively easy" for him to "yield to the demands to.go off on a round of patchwork pro- gramming." "There is no easy panacea for he declared. "There is no magic formula that will set everything right. Patchwork rem- edies quack remedies patent medicine a dime a dozen, and that's all some of them are worth." Critical of Price Supports Benson has been highly critical of rigid high-level price support dian officials. The President will be accompa- nied on a special train by Mrs. Eisenhower. Ambassador and Mrs. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. and a small staff of White House aidies. Lodge is chief of the U. S. mission to the United Nations. The two-day state visit to Ottawa will be Eisenhower's second trip outside the country since he took office last January. He crossed from Texas into Mexico last month. The President told his news con- ference yesterday he is going to Canada to pay his respects to the people of the dominion. His ad- dress to Parliament Saturday, he added, will deal with matters of common interest to the United States and Canada. In Ottawa, he will be the guest of the governor general, Vincent Massey, and Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent. Aides said the Chief Executive also plans to review Canadian- American relations in private talks with dominion officials. In that category is continental has contended they price crops out of markets, create surpluses and bring on unwanted production con- trols. Some farm leaders and lawmak- ers who favor the present program have demanded that Benson re- sign. President Eisenhower has said be is standing back of his Cabinet official. American Urges Russians View Hydrogen Blast WASHINGTON WI An atomic energy commissioner suggests that foreigners, presumably includ- ing Russians, should see a U, S. hydrogen bomb exploded as a sample of the destructive alterna- tive to world peace. The idea, expressed by Thomas E. Murray last night, came as America was readying another and probably more fierce hydro- gen test blast. Murray, the Atomic Energy Commission AEC member who recently announced the launching of the first program for harnessing nuclear power as industrial power Benson took a slap at those who hi H.homb sugeestion in 8 brought to this country by the Air Force six months ago, has pro- pounded a new theory that con- tradicts a 50-year-old idea about The controversial St. Lawrence seaway proposal also appears cer- tornado behavior. Col. Rollins H, Mayer, electronic scientist at the Air Force missile I test center, Patrick Ur Force Fljqht Around World Base, Fla., where Rossmann is i n. 3 working, says the theory makes Planned tulTOr possible a national tornado-damage prevention net capable of saving millions of dollars and thousands of lives. and Mayer were here to present papers and propose the net at the 125th annual meeting of the American Meteorological Society. Rossmann claims there is a ter- rifically powerful downdraft in the funnel of a an updraft as has long been believed. His plan is to pinch off this fun- to be discussed. CHICAGO Aubrey 0. Cook- man Jr., a magazine editor, plans to leave on a flight around the world tomorrow and hopes to set a new record of about 90 hours for the flight in commercial planes. WEATHER FEDERAL. FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy tonight and Friday. Warm- nel from the cloud that is feeding er Friday. Low tonight 32, high it its destructive, whirling, down- Friday 58. draft power. He thinks a guided LOCAL WEATHER Cyclone, prize pet of Sen. Goldwater gazes dejected- ly at the camera after spending five days in the pokey at Phoenix, Ariz., for disturbing the peace. Cyclone wandered away last week, got in a fight, lost his identifying collar and was picked up by the dog catcher. He's nursing some new battle wounds. (AP Wirephoto) missile exploded Into the air mass j official observations for the 24 overhanging the funnel will do the j hours ending at 12 m, today: job. Maximum, 54; minimum, 33; noon, 49; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 51 at noon, min. 30 at p.m. Wednesday, Visibility 15 miles, scattered clouds at feet, wind 15 miles per hour from south southeast, barometer 30.01 falling, humidity 56 per cent. The old impression of an up- draft in a tornado's funnel is cre- ated, he told The Associated Press, by the downdraft jet striking the ground or water then bouncing back upward outside the funnel, Mayer predicted tornado de- struction might be achieved in 5 ot 10 years if sufficient support can be mustered for necessary study and research. are urging continuation of the present 90 per cent of parity price supports for major crops beyond the 1954 expiration date. Parity, a standard for measuring farm prices, is declared by law to be fair to farmers as well as con- sumers in relation to prices farm- ers must pay. Seeks Full Parity "I am firmly Ben: son said, "that we should, and that we can, and that we must, help American farmers achieve full achieve it in the right place, the market place. And we must do it while preserving, and increasing, the essence of free- dom." Benson said a sound farm pro- kets, develop new uses for farm products, show farmers how to de- velop balanced farming plans and increase their efficiency. He called upon the land grant colleges to help develop such a program. With delivery of his Columbus speech, Benson heads into drought- distressed areas of the Southwest on a five-day inspection tour. McCarthy Opens GE Red Probe ALBANY, N. Y. (tfl Sen, Mc- Carthy is conducting a closed-door hearing here today into what he terms "alleged Communist infiltration and alleged espionage" at the Schenectady plant of the General Electric Co. The senator, chairman of the Senate Investigations Subcommit- tee, arrived Wednesday night by plane from Washington. McCarthy had said earlier that today's session would deal entirely with security precautions at the huge GE installation. McCarthy said the hearing might run through Friday, with a night session possible and a public hear- ing "later on." made his H-bomb suggestion in a speech at Pittsburgh. He said first-hand" observation of an H-bomb's thunder "is an es- sential qualification for future ne- gotiators of the great survival is- sues in the years ahead." Such an American showing, he added, might persuade the Russians to match it with a demonstration of their own. Navy Plane Crash Off Korea Kills Tomah Airman TOKYO A U.S. Navy PBM Mariner patrol plane crashed into the sea off the south tip of Korea Tuesday and 14 crewmen, one of them from Wisconsin, are believed to have been killed, the Navy re- ported today. The Wisconsin man is Orvis Rog- er Mee, aviation machinist 1C, of Tomah. Four destroyers searched the crash area aU nigut without sight- ing One spotted debris. The plane was based at Ikakuniwn, Japan. Refusal Based On Separation Of U.S. Powers Un-American Group Tied Up In Technicalities WASHINGTON Pres- ident Truman today rejected a sub- poena from the House' Un-Ameri- can Activities Committee, and any move to try to force him to testify m the Harry Dexter White case appeared, remote. In a letter to Chairman Velde the ex-President took., a stand that the Constitution's divi- sion of powers of government stood as a barrier to his complying with the subpoena "in spite of a per- sonal willingness to cooperate with your committee." In a crowded news conference at ;he Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York, Truman explained that the letter had been delivered to Velde in Washington this morning. "I'll read it slowly for reporters and then I'll read it for the tele- vision cameras and there'll be '.no he said. "I say this now so you'll know what we're doing and why doing it." At the outset the letter, Tru- man told Velde the subpoena does "not state the matter on which you wish to examine But he said: '1 assume you wish to examine- me about matters which occurred when I was President of the Unit- ed States." Then he recited a long list of constitutional and historical prece- dents as to why he should ignore the committee's subpoena. Truman was in good humor as he sat down at a table bedecked with microphones and surrounded by some 75 newsmen and cameramen. As the developments came here, Velde first announced that he was- postponing indefinitely Friday's committee session to which he had summoned Truman an action which pretty well washed out the subpoena issue, at least for the immediate future. Won't Call Clark Calling off the hearing meant, too, that there was no reason for Supreme Court Justice Tom Clark to have any concern about the sub- poena issued for him to testify Friday. Charles P. Murphy, Truman's counsel, personally delivered Tru- man's letter to Velde shortly after ;he committee chairman called off :he session. Velde made it public. Even as this matter was put aside, Senate investigators began exploratory hearings on the roar- ng controversy touched off 'by Atty. Gen, Brownell's charges that Truman promoted White, a Treas- ury official, in 1946 in the ?BI reports that White was' a. ftussian spy. T. Lamar Caudle, onetime attor- ney general, was the initial witness before the Senate Internal Security subcommittee behind closed doors. Kept Under Watch Emerging, after about an hour, iaudle told reporters be "became alarmed" in 1946 about an FBI report on White but there was no iroof of statements linking White ,o Soviet espionage. Caudle also suggested that White may have been kept under sur- veillance after the FBI reports on im. Truman promoted White from assistant secretary of the treasury to U.S. executive director of the (Continued on Page 17, Column 3) TRUMAN Harry Dexter White, left, storm center of the current clash be- tween the Eisenhower and Truman administrations, is pictured with' Fred M. Vinson and Dean Acheson, right, at the National Monetary Conference at Bretton Woods, N. H., on July 2, 1944. U. S. Director of the International Monetary Fund, participated in discussions of ways to encourage and facilitate international- investment in the postwar period. (UP Telephoto)
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