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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 11, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Colder Tonight; Fair, Warmer Thursday Good Schools Are YOUR Responsibility VOLUME 53, NO. 226 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 11, 1953 TWENTY-FOUR PACES The Smiles Flashed by Glenard P. Lipscomb and his wife as they cast their ballots in Los Angeles Tuesday were broader today as results of California's 24th congressional district election were made final. Lipscomb won 'over fellow Republican John Collier and two Democrats, George Arnold and Irving Markheim. (UP Telephoto) w in icans Seat in California Tells One on Self WASHINGTON of LOS ANGELES Wl Republican Glenard P. Lipscomb, who carried the blessing of his party in a four- way special election which attract- ed national attention, is the 24th District's congressman today. His victory, conceded by Demo- crat George Arnold, bolsters the Defense Wilson, former president Republican majority in the House, of General Motors Corp., told this story on himself in a talk to the National Press Club yesterdy: "A senator decided that his Ply- mouth car was getting old and out of date, and he wanted to buy a new automobile and took up the matter with one of my General Motors friends, asking which one of the General Motors products would be best to buy. He said he did not want to buy a Cadillac be- cause that might make him too conspicuous. My General Motors friends said that they all were good and suggested that he try one with an automatic transmission. "The senator said, 'Well, maybe that would be all right, but when there is no clutch pedal, where do I put my left "My General Motors friend said, 'Put it in your mouth like my former boss does.' TODAY Indochina War Hot For French By JOSEPH ALSOP TONKIN, the little plane flying up to the front through the pearly light of the early morn- ing, the tough, intelligent French general explained the operational plan. It all sounded simple enough, with the map there on the general's knee. Three weeks ago, the French had seized Lai Cac, a vital crossroads on the vital route by which the Viet Minn high command sends supplies from China to the two Communist divisions to the south of the Tonkin Delta. One enemy division had retreated beyond reach. The other, the 320th, had stood and fought. Successive French attacks to the west and the south had already badly mauled two regiments of this 20th Divi- tion. Now there was a final drive northwards, against the third regi- ment's position at the town of Phu Nho.Quan, which is also a Viet Minh provincial capital. At dawn that same morning, Maj. Proudhom had started down the road to Phu Nho Quan with his war-toughened battalion of Mor- occan Tirailleurs. They were the point battalion of the northward at- tack to the provincial capital. At a bridge across the meandering Sang Long River, they had met the first resistance, and there had been a sharp fire fight and half a dozen casualties before the enemy fled. Arrives Now, as the general's jeep ar- rived at the front, the battalion's leading company was just advanc- ing towards the first of the chain of little villages that form the sub- urbs of Phu Nbo Quan. The men were creeping through the rice paddies, with the tanks rumbling down the road ahead. The village looked less like a village than a disorderly thicket of bamboo, palms, papayas and ragged leaved banana trees. What was inside the village, none could tell. Then the firing suddenly started when the (Continued on Page 8, Column 2) ALSOPS a New Military Adviser To East German Zone BERLIN Northwest Ger> man radio said last night former Field Marshal Fredrich Paulus been named military adviser to the East zone Communist govern- ment. where the GOP now holds 219 seats and the Democrats 215. An inde- pendent has the remaining seat. Lipscomb's triumph broke a string of Democratic wins in six congressional elections since last November's regular election. These include the replacement of Repub- licans by Democrats in congres- sional races in Wisconsin and New Jersey. Arnold had his party's endorse- ment, but also in the race were another Democrat, Irving Mark- heim, and another Republican, John L. E. Collier. Complete semi-official returns from the district's 221 precincts in yesterday's special election give Lipscomb votes to for Arnold. Collier had and Mark- aeim In Washington, the Republican National Committee issued a state- ment which said: ;The results in California are most heartening. When you con- sider that two Republicans were running against one leading Demo- crat the results are even more re- markable. "The outcome is an endorsement i was not on the battle- of the Eisenhower administration field He stands more a mil. lion strong on or near the battle line, poised for new And there is no certainty that the peace conference even will be held. Buried in the rolling acres of Arlington Cemetery or at military or private cemeteries elsewhere are the killed in battle or dead of wounds in the year and a half during which the United States fought in World War I. When truce came in Korea about 22.000 Ameri- cans had died there, Duluth Gets New Kind of Tourist DULUTH, tour- ist advertising apparently appeals to a cow moose teat ambled into the city Sunday. Spotted in various reetions of residential areas since then, the animal was reported bedded down Tuesday night at the third hole of the Enger Park golf course. Uneasy U.S. Remembers First Armistice President Places Wreath on Tomb Of Unknown Soldier By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON UP) The United States, keeping an uncertain truce in Korea, remembers today an- other armistice 35 years ago. President Eisenhower went to the tomb of the Unknown ,Soldier of World War I, there to place a memorial, wreath at the base of the white marble block on a hill- top in Arlington National Ceme- tery. The Chief Executive, himself a soldier by profession, symbolized the nation's tribute to the dead of that earlier war. He had no ad- dress, leaving that for Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens. Overtiming the addresses of na- tional leaders who spoke through- out the country was the theme of a quest for enduring peace, which World Wars I and II failed to win. Legion Warns Arthur J. ConneU of Middletown, Conn., national commander of the American Legion, in remarks at Arlington, said the Korean armis- tice "has yielded no firm promise of and he added: "There are some who say that wars are a part of our destiny and it is futile to try to escape them. We of the American Legion believe that peace is an attainable goal and that it can and will be won by an America united in de- termination and devotion to it." Behind what the speakers said were some somber facts of current affairs and of history, two chroni- cles of contrast. The armistice which the forces of the German empire asked and which became effective an hour before noon on Nov. 11, 1918, rep- resented a complete surrender. The terms wero dictated by the There was left for Germany neither a will to fight nor the means so to do. Terms Contested By contrast, the armistice which exists today in Korea came about only after a year of negotiations and pressures and compromises by both sides. It set only the ground rules for exchange of prisoners, the frame- work for a later peace conference and the lines upon which the op- posing armies of the Communists and United Nations would stand during the armistice. After 37 months of war the ene- and a good omen for 1954." The special election offered the seat to the candidate who polled the most votes, even though lie failed to receive a majority of the votes cast. Lipscomb termed his triumph a vote of confidence in the Eisen- hower administration and an en- dorsement of the record of the 83rd Congress. It proved, he said, "that the people are desirous of continu- ing the administration's accom- plishments of the past 10 months." Bandits Hold Up Dulutlv Mechanic DULUTH, Minn. order- ing Ray Johnson, a mechanic, into a trash barrel, two armed bandits stole a car he was servicing to make their getaway with of his money and belonging to the garage where he was working Tuesday night. Wouldn't Have Truman. A Crowded Pennsylvania Railroad Commuter train was wrecked on a bridge across the Schuylkill River just outside 30th street station in Philadelphia today, injuring 33 passengers. The first three cars of the commuter train derailed spilling injured passen- gers onto the tracks. (UP Telephoto) 33 Injured in Derailment on Bridge in East PHILADELPHIA crowded Pennsylvania Railroad commuter train derailed on a bridge aver the Schuylkill River today injuring ner of the City College Alumni Truman Denies Charge He's Soft Toward Reds NEW YORK President Harry S. Truman describes as "ridiculous" suggestions he was soft toward Communism. He says he always sought to protect individual rights and check "ugly passions of intolerance and hate." "I think the record will prove Truman said Tuesday night several hours after he was subpoenaed by the House Un-American Activities Committee for question- ing in the Harry Dexter White case. He spoke before the annual din- 33 passengers. One of the derailed Assn, cars was cut nearly in half. Twenty-two passengers aboard the Chestnut Hill to Philadelphia train were taken to hospitals. Four others were given first aid at the PRR's 30th street station. No fatalities were reported. The wreck occurred just outside the huge 30th street station, on a bridge difficult for rescue work- ers to reach. The bottom was ripped out of the first car of the train, which smashed into a concrete protection wall. The car scraped along the wall, churning up stones and ties for about 20 feet. A bridge girder knifed into the twisting car and out of the gaping hole injured passengers spilled onto the tracks. The coincidence that the wreck occurred on Armistice Day helped keep the casualty figure down. Mayor Joseph' Clark is a daily j commuter on the train, but like j many people stayed home this morning since city offices were closed because of the holiday. A Pennsylvania Railroad .spokesman said there were 83 passengers aboard the first two cars. The train was moving slowly out of the station at the time of the crash. The last car had just cleared the platform with the lead yersities are the best judges of the integrity of their own teachers, and it is far safer to let them police themselves than to 'subject them ion. "I'am rather skeptical of fake j to political censorship, crusaders who flig up and distort j "The same thing is true of relig- records of the past to distract the attention of' the people from po- litical failures of the he said. This statement drew loud cries of "give 'em' hell, Harry" from the audience. "The government and all its branches should stay out of church affairs." Truman then offered this defense of his administration: "In all I did, when I was Presi- Truroan voiced a demand that dent, to combat Communism. I al- congressional committees leave ways sought to preserve the rights any house cleaning of subversive j "f T educators and clergymen to the j scho.'s and churches. of the individual. I always tried to check those ugly passions of intolerance and hate which lean be so easily manipulated by he said, "our urn- Talks With POWs Canceled For 6th Day PANMUNJOM Ml Interviews with North Korean and Chinese war prisoners who have refused to go home were canceled today for the sixth consecutive day as car slightly over the east bank of! tne tottering explanation program President Eisenhower led the nation in the observance of Armistice Day as he placed a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia this morning. (UP Telephoto) the river. Second Black Hills Hunting Victim Dies RAPID CITY, S.D. John- son, 45, Baltic, S.D.. died in a hospital here Tuesday, the second shooting victim of the Black Hills deer hunting season. Johnson was felled by a bullet from an un- identified hunter's rifle Monday while hunting near Sturgis. The earlier victim was Kenneth D. Tuper, Kirkland, 111., who died Friday in a Deadwood hospital. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy and colder tonight. Thurs- day generally fair and somewhat warmer. Low tonight 26, high Thursday 46. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 60; minimum, 34; noon, 48; precipitation, none; sun .set; tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 58 at p.m. Tues- day, min. 42 at p.m. Tuesday; noon 45, sky overcast at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind calm, bar- ometer 30.38 steady, humidity 63 per cent. moved nearer collapse. The Indian custodial command almost automatically called off in- terviews scheduled for tomorrow after the Communists insisted again on seeing 365 Chinese prison- ers missed last Thursday by stall- ing Red persuaders. Lt. Gen.' K. S. Thimayya, Indian chairman of the Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission (NNRC) stayed at his headquarters here, apparently ready to make a second trip to Kaesong to talk with the Red high command. Thimayya went to Kaesong Mon- day in an unsuccessful effort to restart the stalled program. There was no indication the Reds were ready to accept new rules laid down by Thimayya. The In- dian general has told the Commu- nists to interview entire com- pounds of 500 men each in a day or skip those who are not interviewed. The present deadlock developed after Red persuaders dragged out interviews, leaving many prisoners unprocessed at the end of the day. There has been speculation that the Communists would welcome a breakdown in the program since only 3 per cent of the prisoners interviewed so far have elected to return to their Red contolled homelands. Diplomatic staff advisers met in secret session for the fourth time in an attempt to draft an agenda for the preliminary peace confer- ence talks. ares Justice Clark Also Called by A House Probers Un-American Committee Widens Probe WASHINGTON (ffi President Eisenhower declared today he per- sonally never would have sub- poenaed former President Truman in the Harry Dexter White case. He declared too it is inconceivable to him that Truman knowingly would do anything to damage the United States. At a news conference which dealt almost entirely with the politically explosive case, Eisenhower said le was voicing his own opinion 3n declaring he is opposed to sub- poenaing Truman. The House Un-American Activi- ties Committee has subpoenaed the iormer President for Friday ,to tell what he knows about Atty. Byrnes Refuses COLUMBIA, S. C. nor Jamei F. Byrrm refused today to comply with a mons from House Un-: American Activities to testify before it Thursday. "As chief executive of South Carolina I cannot, by appearing In response to this admit your right to command a governor le leave his state remain in the city of Washington until granted by your committee to he said. unscrupulous demagogues. "For this I was sometimes ac- cused of being soft. This, of course, is ridiculous. The great measures we took in foreigrt policy to check Communist aggression abroad and the measures we took at home to enforce the laws against espionage and sabotage and subversion are evidence that I was moving re- lentlessly against all our enemies, both foreign and domestic. "But if our central government does not distinguish between the real dangers of Communism and hysterical fear of it, if our national Moscow, leaders do not stand firm against This means primarily that Ei- panic, and against the invasion of I senhower and Churchill can be ex- individual freedoms, then we are pected to press upon Lrniel argu- Big 3 Parley May Be Held at Bermuda Dec. 4 WASHINGTON (ffl-U. S. officials are preparing for the Big Three conference at Bermuda next month in the belief it should spur lagging Western defenses against the Soviet threat. Diplomatic authorities here, say British Prime Minister Churchill may press upon President Eisen- hower and French Premier Laniel his interest in meeting with Rus- sian Premier Malenkov. But there is no expectation that Eisenhower will change his recent- ly expressed view that a Big Four session under present conditions would be perfectly hopeless. The key to the American ap- proach to the Bermuda conference opening about Dec. 4 lies in the toughness, as it is regarded here, of the Soviet note on Nov. 3 re- buffing a proposal for a foreign ministers meeting on Germany. The note in effect told the Western Powers negotiations were impossi- ble so long as they persisted in building up their defenses under the North Atlantic Treaty and the proposed European Defense Com- munity. High authorities here said today the Western answer must be to get on with the defense job, regardless t Trumar's at- of what .opportunities for negotia- went umas tion may continue to be offered to Gen, Brownell's charges that Tru- man promoted White in 1946 after FBI reports labeling White as a Russian spy had been delivered to the White House. Wouldn't Call Clark In reply to another question. Ei- senhower said, again expressing his personal opinion, that he prob- ably would not have subpoenaed Supreme Court Justice Tom C. Clark, who was Truman's attorney general at the time of the incident. Clark's name came into the Brownell-White controversy when Brownell said copies of the FBI reports were turned over to a num- ber of high officials in the Truman administration. Among those Brownell said re- ceived copies were Clark and then Secretary of State James F. Byrnes. Byrnes, now governor of South Carolina and in late years a politi- cal foe of Truman, has been called to testify before the House Com- mittee along with Clark. Atty. Gen. Brownell says the re- port was sent Truman months before he promoted White, and that another -went to the White House while White's nomination was before the Senate. Copies of the first, Brownell in for some bad times." ments for quick French action on Clark, and his Byrnes. Truman has declared he recalls no such thing ever happening. Byrnes was called to testify to- (Continued on Page 21, Column 5) EISENHOWER Former President Harry S. Truman had a big grin as he left the Waldorf-Astoria Towers with Mrs. Truman and their daughter, Margaret, Tues- day night. Shortly before the former president was served with a subpoena to appear before the House Un-American Activities Committee Friday. The Trumans left the hotel to attend the annual dinner of the City College of New York Alumni, Association at the Hotel Commodore. The man be- tween Mrs, Truman and Margaret is Abraham. Feinberg, a member of the association. (AP- Photo)
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