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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - November 7, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Sunday; Temperature Same Are You Wearing a Red Feather? VOLUME 53, NO. 222 CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 7, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Dead in Northeastern Snowstorm Russian Leader Accuses U.S. Of Warlike Aims Bulganin Makes Charge in Speech To Moscow Masses By RICHARD KASISCHKE MOSCOW Minister Nikolai Bulganin, accusing the United States of warlike aims, de- clared today in a Red Square speech that recent Soviet arniec forces, maneuvering with modern arms and in nearly real combal conditions, had "achieved a great deal to enhance their military pre- paredness." But the greatest emphasis at the massive celebration of the 36th anniversary of the 1917 Red Revo- lution was on the civilian side. The Communist party and govern- ment shortened the military por- tion of the big parade. The em- phasis on the mass civilian demon- stration gave the day the appearance of a great civilian festival. This was in line with the program of Premier Georgi M. Malenkov's government to push massive pro- duction drives in agriculture and consumer goods in order to raise the living standards of the Soviet people in two or three years. The largest portion of Bulganin's speech also stressed domestic and civilian affairs. Receives Salute Bulganin, who received the sa- lute at today's military spectacle, said in a 15-minute address that the Soviet government stands for the preservation and consolidation of peace and the settling of all in- ternational tensions. "For the fulfilling of these he said, "the Soviet gov- ernment has proposed measures for lessening international tensions but the Western powers have put up conditions which are not con- ducive to strengthening peace. "At the same time, they (the West) are building military bases on the territories of the west Eu- ropean countries, close to the terri- tory of the Soviet Union and the people's democracies." Presses Attack Riot Police In A Jeep followed a streetcar in which rioters sought safety during battles between Italian nationalist ex- tremists and the police today in Rome. The police captured those rioters hanging on the outside of the streetcar. Nationalists and police battled for hours in Rome with clubs, tear gas bombs and rocks in the third day of riots in protest against the Jailing of Italians in Trieste. (UP Telephoto) Riots Break Out In Rome Over Trieste Crisis TODAY No Letup In Cold War Seen By STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Russians will probably not start any new least for the time being. But they will not settle the old Koreas either." This about sums up the conclusions reached by Sec- retary of State John Foster Dulles and other leading policy advisers of President Eisenhower, after a long, careful analysis of Soviet in- tentions. These conclusions are, natural- ly, based in large part on the bril- liant reports which Ambassador Charles E. Bohlen has been send- ing from Moscow. They are neces- sarily tentative, since it is foolish to the point of insanity to make categorical predictions about the Kremlin's future course. Even so, the belief that the new regime in the Kremliii is not going to start anything new in the immediate fu- ture, and is not going to settle anything old, is becoming a rather firm conviction in the highest of- ficial circles. Some Disillusionment This belief reflects a certain measure of disillusionment. The il- lusion, it must be said, was never very strong. But it is at least true that Sec, Dulles and other policy makers did believe a few months ago that the Kremlin might actual- ly welcome at least temporary and peripheral settlement of outstand- ing areas of conflict. Dullles is known to have believed, for example, that there was at least an outside chance for an agreed settlement in Korea. Con- trary to some reports, he never favored a Korea, if that word is taken to mean that South Korea should be totally dis- armed. But he did think it conceiv- able that the Russians and the Chi- nese might agree to a unified Ko- rea, on certain conditions. Little Hope Now the hope for an agreed set- tlement in Korea which was cer- tainly extremely faint from the start has been killed by the line the Communists have taken since the truce. The equally faint hope that the new Kremlin regime might actually desire settlements in Eur- Austria, for been killed, by the tone of the So- (Continued on Page 16, Column 1.) ALSOPS ROME Wl Violent anti-British riots erupted in Rome and other Italian cities again today in pro- test against bloody street fighting in the disputed port-city-of Trieste, Although Trieste itself remained quiet as U.S. and British troops patrolled the downtown area with lixed bayonets, shouting, stone- throwing Italians battled police in cities up and down the Italian boot. In Rome, a mob estimated at stormed a ring of club-wield- ing riot police around the British Embassy until a barrage of tear gas sent the demonstrators in flight. At least 50 policemen and 100 rioters were injured.'There was a similar demonstration Friday at the American Embassy. Another fierce fight broke out in front of the British consulate in Bari, southeastern Italian port city. Fifteen police and twenty students were injured before the demonstra- tors were quelled. Police also broke up outbreaks in Milan, Genoa, Naples and Mes- sina, Sicily. Except for one person in Naples, no casualties were re- ported from these cities, however. In London, Foreign Secretary An- thony Eden and the Italian am- bassador swapped protests. Quiet Situation In Trieste itself, the situation was quiet but .still grim and tense as the embattled city prepared to bury its dead, killed in savage rioting with British-trained police., American troops marched their posts along the waterfront Piazza dellUnita (Union Square) where the bloodiest fighting resulted in four dead Friday. At least six have been killed in wild outbreaks the past three days. Several of the 40 seriously wound- ed now in hospitals .seemed doomed to die. Among them was a boy of 15. Many others were treated for minor wounds and released. The riot in Rome the second in two days was a savage give- and-take fight, with police jeeps sallying forth into the crowd again and again to be met with flying stones, paving blocks and fire- crackers. Fire trucks dashed up spraying colored water on the rioters. 7 Swedish Seamen Believed Dead in Freighter Crash BREMERHAVEN, Germany (ft Swedish seamen were dead or missing today after a Swedish freighter collided with a U.S. Navy-chartered transport and sank in the North Sea Friday night. There were no casualties aboard the transport, the Seawind, which was only slightly damaged. Eighteen survivors of the tcn freighter Bjoerkoe were picked up by a German pilot boat at the collision scene 30 miles north of here. The survivors included Capt. Goesta Boestedt, master of the freighter, and his 28-year-old Fin- nish radio operator, Miss Mirhm Eskola. The 54-year-old skipper praised Miss Eskola, telling how she had stuck to her post to send out distress signals long after water had rushed into the hold. Won't Run From Fight, Benson Tells Reporters WASHINGTON of Agriculture Benson says, in regard to rumors he may resign, that he is not in the habit of running away from a fight or an obligation. Meanwhile, hearings on reorgan- ization of the Soil Conservation Benson put into ef- fect despite calls to delay postponed by Chairman Bender (R-Ohio) of a House government operations subcommittee. Benson was interviewed last night on a CBS radio program about talk of his resigning. He said he was keeping busy and "not worrying" about it. "The president knows where I he added. Swiss Threaten To Quit Talks Because of Reds I PANMUNJOM Swiss to- day threatened to quit the Korean repatriation commission unless the Communists are barred from har- assing anti-Red Chinese and Ko- rean prisoners during prolonged interviews. The threat came less than 24 hours after the Indian chairman of the commission, Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimayya. indirectly warned the Reds to change their tactics or face suspension of the interviews Monday. Armin Daeniker, Swiss member of the Neutral Nations Repatria- tion Commission, declared that un- less two important rule changes are adopted the Swiss would "be forced" to reconsider their man- date to sit on the commission. He demanded that: 1. Indian chairmen of NNRC subcommittees which oversee the interviews be empowered to halt any session if Communist persuad- ers violate the prisoner's rights under the Geneva Convention. 2. The Communists interview in one day all prisoners they call to the explanation area. Observers here said it appeared probable the Swiss would be able to win approval of the rule changes Monday, with support from the Swedes and Indians. However, there was speculation that this would lead to a walkout by pro-Communist Czech and Pol- ish commission members. Meanwhile, staff advisers took over from top Communist and Al- lied diplomats the job of setting up an agenda for talks to arrange a Korean peace conference. The advisers, meeting in a hut in the Korean neutral zone near here, will talk secretly in an at- tempt to crack the deadlock which has threatened to torpedo the peace conference. Gen. Thimayya said Friday night the explanations to anti-Red Koreans and Chinese probably will end Monday unless the Reds agree to interview entire 500-man com- pounds in one day or skip entirely those prisoners who are not in- terviewed. B Pheasant Hunting Good FAIRMONT, Minn, hunting was good for some. E, F. Carroll, Granada, found a 100-pound feed sack in a ditch stufed with heads, feet and wings of at least 50 pheasants. A number of the birds were hens. Claims Truman Promoted Man After Charge Attorney General's Action Approved By Eisenhower- By JACK BELL WASHINGTON dfi The Eisen- hower administration has swung behind the Communists-in-govern- ment issue with a bang, in a move Democrats described as an effort to offset Republican defeats at the polls. In Chicago yesterday Atty. Gen. BrowneU asserted that former President Truman promoted the late Harry Dexter White in gov- ernment after the FBI had notified the White House that White was a Soviet spy. The charge, bitterly denied by Truman, apparently was the first move of a new administration poli- tical offensive. Brownell's action was approved in advance by.Eisenhower and fol- lowed by only two days a declara- tion by Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) that Republicans could blame their election defeats on failure to talk about Communists in government. Within two hours after BrowneE's speech was released yesterday, Rep. Simpson (R-Pa) was saying in a mimeographed statement that the Eisenhower administration will urge "still more intensive efforts" by McCarthy and the House Un- American Activities Committee to uncover Communist infiltration into government. Truman said in Kansas City he. didn't recall the two FI reports Brownell claimed were handed to Maj. Gen. Harry Vaughan, who was Truman's military aide. Vaughan said in Alexandria, Va., that he "certainly never received any such adding that Brownell "seems to be stretching his imagination." Chairman Jenner (R-Ind) said shortly after Brownell's speech that Vaughan will be called before the Senate internal security sub- committee next Thursday for ques- tioning behind closed doors. Truman said that "as soon as we found out White was wrong we fired statement which White House Press Secretary James C. Hagerty challenged as "not true." Heavy Rains Following the night snow com- bined with exceptionally -high tides to inundate the lower west side of New York City today. Cars were stalled in the water at this intersec- tion. (UP Telephoto) Atty. Gen, Herbert Brownell Jr., top, speaking before the Executive's Club in Chicago, loosed a political bombshell as he charged former president Truman in 1945 named the late Harry Dexter White, below, to be U. S. executive director of the International Monetary Fund despite two FBI reports that White was a Russian spy. Mr. Truman called the charge a "pack of political said he had received only one ad- verse FBI report on White, and fired him when he received that report. U.S. No Santa, Wiley Says of Foreign Aid OSHKOSH, Wis. United States has no deside to be "Santa Claus to the Sen. Wiley (R- Wis) declared Friday night. "We are spending money abroad be- cause we are convinced it is the soundest, cheapest way" to avert war, he said. "We are not serving some for- eign interest but out own enlight- ened self-interest." Speaking to the local League of Women Voters, the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Com- mittee cited these reasons for the American program of "collective security" abroad: America critically needs an overseas defensive perimeter of air bases around the Soviet Union. The U.S. is dependent critically upon 40 mineral-material sources overseas and it would be suicide to ignore these sources. Moslem Educator Urges East-West Cultural Group ST. PAUL W) An East-West commission aimed at implementing social and cultural reforms in Is- lamic countries was proposed here today by a Moslem educator from India. Dr. Mohammad Nizamuddin, one of four Moslem appear- ing at d Macalester College panel discussion, said such a commission should seek to find common traits which would serve as a sound base for good relations between the East and West. He said the commission "should find out means to revive Moslem ideals that conform to Christian ideals. And it should find the means of reorienting education so as to bring out the best of Eastern idealism with Western material- ism." Dr. Nizamuddin, dean of the faculty of arts at Osmania Univer- sity, is one of 20 Moslem educators invited by the U.S. State Depart- ment to make a nationwide tour explaining the East's culture and social strivings. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity Generally fair tonight and Sunday with little temperature change. Low tonight 26, high Sunday 45. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 49; minimum, 25; noon, 40; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 45 at noon Friday, min. 15 at a.m. today. Thin, broken layer of clouds at feet, visibility 15 miles, wind calm, barometer 30.52 falling, humidity 67 per cent. Youths to Think Over Halloween Pranks in Jail STILLWATER, Minn, Judge Edward Thelen Friday gave six youths seven days to think over what they did on Halloween. Unable to sentence them in Ju- venile Court, he continued their cases for seven days and remand- ed them the custody of the sheriff. And that means, in this case, that they will spend the time in jail. The court was told that the boys attacked a police officer who tried to arrest one of them for break- ing a window. Judge Thelen also put the boys, who are 16 and 17, on good be- havior for the next year. He said if they violated this their cases would be turned over to the county attorney for criminal action. Warship, Plane Attacked British Freighter, Claim HONG KONG British freighter en route from Hong Kong to a Red China port radioed to- day that it had been stopped by an unidentified warship and later attacked by a warplane. The ship said no crewmen were hit. The 365-ton freighter Hydralock radioed Royal Navy headquarters here at 5 a. m. that it had been intercepted by an unidentified warship 25 miles southeast of Red- held Amoy Island in Formosa Strait. It reported 20 minutes later that two more warships were nearby. The Hydralock did not identify any of the vessels, but Chinese Na- tionalist gunboats prowl waters off Red China am" have stopped freighters the Nationalists claim are carrying illegal cargo. 42-Car Freight Train Derailed Near Racine RACINE twin diesel en- gine and 42 cars of a southbound Soo Line Railroad freight train derailed late Friday night spilling thousands of dollars of cargo along the mainline route and killing 25 head of cattle. Cause of the wreck or estimate of the damage was not available. The cars were stacked three high and telegrapher Arnold Erickson at the Waukesha office quoted rail- road officials as saying the line would be tied up until 6 p.m. Sun- day. The train, out of Minneapolis, was loaded with bulk butter, coal, lumber, scrap iron, paper and frozen meat. Another 60 cars of the train remained on the track in back of the wreck. Animals that perished were in the first three cars behind the en- gine. Cattle in the next tiiree cars were freed and were being cared for by a farmer near the scene; the line's crossing of State High- j way 20, some 20 miles southeast of! Milwaukee. j Erickson said none of the train j crew was injured. The engineer was John B. Rasch. Hunter Shoots Skunk, Gets Shot Right Back WATFORD CITY, N.D. Gierke shot a skunk near here and the skunk shot him right back- in the eye. The animal died under the Gierke granary while the victor was get- ting medical treatment for his blistered optic. "I may be out the doctor bill but that skunk lost his last the victim concluded. Air, Highway Travel Stalled In 12 States Flood Tides Force Long Island Families to Flee By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A fierce snowstorm powered by 70-raile-an-hour winds beset more ian a dozen Northeastern states, disrupting air and highway travel and leaving at least nine persons dead today. Another storm, also from the north-northeast, blew across the Plains states with equal ferocity DUt less discomfort and peril to the less-populated areas. This was the situation in t h e northeast: In the storm area were these states: New Jer.sey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia. West Virginia, Connecticut, Massachu- setts, New Hampshire, Maryland, North and South Carolina, Maine and Washington, D.C. Five killed in a New Jersey turn- pike two-car collision. At least four died in the Pen- nsylvania storm. At least 20 fishermen and hunt- ers unaccounted for when caught >y high winds in and near the ocean. Sport Activities Outdoor sports activities can- celled in dozens of places. Trains and buses delayed. Hundreds of automobiles stalled, many with women and children passengers. Power and utility lines felled-in many localities. At least homes on Long Island without electricity for a time. Forty-foot waves on the south shore of Long Island and on Staten Island forced evacuation of more than families, according to police reports. More than 24 inches of snow on the ground in western New Yorlt. At Shinglehouse, Pa., 26 inches of snow was reported. Scores of cities throughout the northeast had more than a foot of snow on the ground. New York City received 4 inches of snow; Washington had 5; Har- risburg, Pa., 11; Philadelphia, 7; much of Maryland, including Bal- timore, more than 6 inches; many cities in Connecticut, Virginia and West Virginia had 2 to 4 inches. The snowfall eased in many sec- tions today, but a heavy rain fol- lowed in countless, widely separ- ated areas. It turned the snow on ground to heavy slush, slowing traffic to a virtual standstill. Cold air accompanied the rain and snow, dropping temperatures to new early season lows. East coast cities on the fringe of the snow belt received heavy rains. A killing frost reached into Geor- gia and South Carolina, with frost as far south as Jacksonville, Fla. Wind gusts atop Mt. Washington in New Hampshire reached 105 miles an hour. Heavy rains and high seas flood- ed countless highways, lesser roads homes and railroads. Traffic along some thoroughfares, already snarl- ed by snow, baited entirely when water rose over the right of way. In the Plains states, this was the storm situation: Nebraska, North and South Da- kota, Kansas, Oklahoma and Iowa in the path of the snowfall. Russell, Kan., had 9 inches of snow; Hill City, Kan., 7; Lexing- ton, Neb., 7; Salina, Kan., and North Platte. Neb., 6. Scores of other cities had two inches and more of snow. An Unheralded Fall of 3V4 inches of snow blanketed Washington streets Friday creating hazardous driving conditions which prompted of- ficials to put the city on an emergency traffic basis. Here is a typical street scene as parked cars were completely covered by the night-long snow. (UP Telephoto)
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