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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 17, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Local Showers Late Tonight and Friday VOLUME 53, NO. 179 Read 'Green Water' Page 4 Today SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 17, 1953 TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Wiley Suggests Pact With Asian Nations NEW YORK UV-Sen. Wiley 1. Russia is seeking to divide declaring "our job in th the western allies, and Americans Far East has just called not help her by magnifying today for a rangement with ___ ___ as the nations of Southeast Asia arc ready for it. "We should use our great in- fluence to help develop the con- cept of collective security in the Far said Wiley, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. "Security in the Far East is j differences between, for example, the United States and Britain. "The fact that we disagree with respect to a particular he said, "is iiot nearly so important as the fact that we continue to agree on our common goals and work together to achieve them." 2. The Soviet world "is in the throes of an acute attack of Clark Promises 'Progressives' aecuniv m r i-uian every whit as important to world totalitarian indigestion whose peace as security in western Eu-1 "symptoms approach those of rope or Latin America....What we ptomaine poisoning. Wiley said need to do now_as soon as the that, if the free world does, all it countries of the Far East are can to. encourage this development ready to assume the obligations in- to move ahead with a third great pact for the Far East." In speaking of a "third" pact, Wiley referred to the North At- lantic and the Rio treaties, in which this country pledged its mutual security with the nations of western Europe and this hemis- phere, respectively. Trade Group The senator, in a speech pre- pared for the National Foundry Assn., a trade group, also de- clared: "the internal pains will continue to the point where the Soviet Un- ion will be forced to disgorge her satellites and eventually revolution will break out within the mother country itself." 3. More information about atom- ic and hydrogen bomb develop- ment should be made public be- cause, he said, "if the leaders in the Kremlin had the facts at their disposal, they would hesitate a long time before taking action that might provoke the United States to take retaliatory measures." Car of Vanished Wile of Missing Diplomat Found LAUSANNE, Switzerland The black sedan in which missing British diplomat Donald Maclean's wife disappeared last Friday from Geneva was found today in a Lau- sanne garage. The garageman said it was brought in early Friday night by a woman with three children answer- ing to the missing family's descrip- tion and that the group rushed across the street to the railway station. He said the woman told him she would come back for the car in about a week. The disappearance of Chicago- _. born Mrs. Melinda Maclean, 37, j evening, Oct. 4, and to continue and her three small children was revealed yesterday. Her uusband and another member of the British Foreign Office staff, Guy Burgess, are generally believed in the West to have fled behind the Iron Cur- tain after they crossed from Eng- land to France in May, 1951, and dropped from sight. Official Confirmation There has never been any offi- cial confirmation, however, that the two men were suspected of having gone to the Communists. Mrs. Maclean and her Fergus, 9, Donald, 7, and 2-year-old Melinda, born three weeks after her father been living in Geneva with Mrs. Mac- Pledges Sympathy For Hardships POWs Suffered MUNSAN Mark Clark today promised a fair shake for thousands of war and have re- fused to return home. The U.N. Far East commander pledged any Americans who have refused repatriation "our sym- pathy for the hardships they have suffered, our understanding of the pressures to which they have been subjected." Clark offered any Americans the "legal rights and protection" guaranteed by U.S. laws. A U.N. Command spokesman said that be- I ing a sym- not considered a crime I in the United States. The Communists say they hold about 300 South Koreans and more I than 20 j most of these re- fuse repatriation. Clark said in his statement that if he could communicate with the men held by the Reds, "I would remind them of the American tra- dition of freedom for which they fought before their cap- ture." Clark also vowed to protect the "freedom of choice" of nearly 000 Chinese and North Koreans who renounced Communism while in Allied captivity. Rip Off Tags As the statement was released, fiery, anti-Red Chinese war prisoners being handed over by the U. N. to Indian guards near Pan- munjom ripped off their identifi- cation tags and refused to give their names to the Indians. The prisoners spotted Communist observers outside the barbed wire and unleashed a hail of stones. None of the Reds was injured. The five-nation repatriation com- mission, which will decide the fate of all prisoners who refuse to go back to their home countries, called a special conference. An Indian spokesman said the commission would consider refus 11V HI 111 II ii nil ,j. lean's mother, Mrs. Melinda Dun-1 worked out, nor has it finally been bar j decided who will participate in the Mrs Dunbar told police her i series. But according to present daughter left with the children j plans the Presidential report will Friday to spend the weekend with I be followed by a discussion of friend's in Montreux. When they American foreign policy by Secre- TODAY 'Operation Candor'Can Be Effective By STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON President Eis- enhower has now approved plans for one of the most remarkable experiments in government ever undertaken in this country. These plans call for seven reports to the American people, all related to one aspect or another of the threat to national survival inherent in the growing Soviet air-atomic capabil- ity The series of reports is tenta- tively scheduled to start Sunday evening, Oct. 4, and to continue every Sunday evening thereafter until Nov. 15. This as further Allied deliveries ofj tion Candor" in the inner circles j prisoners without their identifica- of the start, as presently planned, with a vitally important speech by the President. In this speech President Eisenhow- er expects to tell the people in broad strokes, but frankly and fac- tually, the hard truth about the natio'nal situation. This Presiden- tial report to the people is to be followed by six further nationwide radio reports by administration leaders, all dealing with the prob- lem of national survival in the nu- clear age. Precise schedules have not been Miss Jean Kerr, above, will marry Sen. Joseph McCarthy, (R-Wis) Sept, 29 in St. Mat- thew's Cathedral in Washing- ton, D. Mrs. Elizabeth Kerr, mother of the bride-to-be an- nounced in Washington today. Miss Kerr was formerly a re- search assistant to the senator. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) NEW ORLEANS operate on Louisiana's Siamese twins today in a dangerous effort to separate the girls and give tion cards. The prisoners apparently feared Red interviewers might discover their names and homes and take reprisals against relatives. Meanwhile, Brig. Gen. A. L. Hamblen, chief of the U. N. C. group which will talk with reluc- tant Allied prisoners, said the com- mand feels both Allied and Red captives "already have made their choice." The general told a news confer- ence at Munsan: "If the prisoner does nothing, it GOP May Have To Face Barkley In '54 Election Republicans Arrive In Chicago for Regional Meetings By JACK BELL CHICAGO arriv- ing in Chicago for regional party conferences discovered today they may have to contend with former Vice President Alben W. Barkley in a critical 1954 contest involving control of the Senate. Democrats leaving town after a two-day rally here said there is little doubt that Barkley, a veteran of 30 years service in Congress before he was vice president for four years, will be a candidate for the Senate' in Kentucky next year. This means that Sen. John Sher- man Cooper, Republican looked upon with high favor at the White House, will face the stiffest kind of opposition next year in a state President Eisenhower lost by "00 votes in 1952 while Cooper was being elected by a comfortable margin. To the incoming Republicans, who are aiming their forthcoming conferences here primarily at re- taining control of Congress, it was obviously gloomy news that Bark- ley probably will run again for the Senate. Served Several Terms The Kentuckian, who served several terms in the house, was Democratic leader of the Senate and a frequent national convention keynoter before he became "The Veep" in 1948, Cooper's Kentucky .seat is one of the two now held by GOP mem- bers in which Republican strate- gists are doubtful of the outcome. The other is the seat held by Sen. Ferguson scheduled as a fill-in keynoter at the combina- tion meeting of party women from 18 states and 21 GOP state chair- men. Control of the Senate may be determined by a single race next year, since the Republicans and i Democrats now have 47 members each, with one independent and one vacancy. The Democrats will out- number the Republicans if Gov. Frank Lausche of Ohio, a Demo- crat names a member of his party to succeed the late Sen. Taft Secretary Of State John Foster Dulles used his hands to empha- size a point as he addressed the United Nations General Assembly in New York today. In his major policy declaration, Dulles said there can be an end to the cold war, but that Russia must con- tribute more to that end. In his talk he ranged over major world problems and laid down the terms on which world tension might be eased. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) __________ WASHINGTON The Air Force plans to cancel contracts for possibly spare engines costing perhaps a half-billwn dollars possy because it says, jet engines are sturdier than at first thought them a chance for normal life. MJ _ Spokesmen for the New Orleans year, since the Republicans _and Foundation Hospital say both twins have never survived such an operation. The eight-week-old daughters of Mayor and Mrs. Ashton J. Mouton of Lafayette are joined near the base of the spine. Doctors were hopeful, but not overly optimistic that both would survive. ___ Hospital spokesmen said yester- he believes Cooper will give a day the girls, Carolyn Anne and I good account of himself against the production of one single plane." They said the engines, all spares or extras and mostly for jets, are no longer needed for two chief reasons: 1. Jet engines are much more durable than had been the result or "accumulated know- how" in operation, maintenance and improved design. 2. Attrition rates have fallen off is, fewer accidents and, of course, BO losses, in combat since the truce in Korea. However, Talbott said the Ko- rean truce was not a direct factor. Tf.lbott .said production of the af- fected engines will start tapering By JOHN CHADW1CK WASHINGTON Russell (D-Ga) said today the United State.; this situation, Vi, tor A Johnston director of the more atom bombs than ithas He said the planes and pilots to deliver them tor A Johnston director of te a halt by next sprin. ane Republican Senatorial Campaign j number of canceled engines might against any aggressor that might Committee said in an interview run a? high as with savings attack Catherine Anne, are "bright, alert I any Democratic opponent. Cooper's seat is before the elec- and normal in every respect except j again because he was elect- to fill oat the unexpired term I of the late Democratic Sen. Chap- for the connection." The girls were born in the La- fayette Sanitarium July 22. did not return on Monday, Mrs. Dunbar notified the police. The Lausanne garageman, Mar- cel Michcli, said Mrs. Maclean and the children arrived about p.m. Friday and that she told him she was in a great hurry to catch a train. The only train leaving Lausanne immediately after was the arriving at Zurich at p.m., with stops en route at Friborg, tary of State John Foster Dulles and Sen. Alexander Wiley, Chair- man of the Senate Relations Com- mittee. Dulles and Wiley are ex- pected to stress the need for al- the foreign bases which only allies can the nu- clear age. Secretary of Defense Charles Wilson, Deputy Secretary Roger Kyes, and Adm. Arthur Radford, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Bern and Olten. I Staff, are scheduled to follow with From Zurich there are almost a three-cornered report on defense. daily air connections to Prague, I Wilson, Kyes and Radford will em- cap i t a 1 of Communist-governed i phasize what can be accomplish- Czechoslovakia, but Swiss Air Line ed by an effective air defense officials said Mrs Maclean had i against atomic attack, the need for not been on any plane to Frame i which has now been officially rec- j Communist representatives since Friday. i by the National Security i is assumed that he wants to stay The only organ the twins had under the control of the country in common was the lower intes- j which now holds him." j tinal tract, spokesmen said. They I He said a prisoner deciding to re- j were joined at the fourth sacral [turn must make some "overt act" vertebrae, which is fused. j such as an oral or written appli-1 "phe lower intestinal tract was i cation, to be considered for re- j bypassed in a preliminary opera- patriation. j tion by an opening in the abdomi- Hamblen told correspondents j nal wall, spokesmen said. Plastic that his explainers are "not going.j .surgery will complete each twin's to say anything to the POWs that lower "intestinal tract, we cannot back up. We are not going to give wild promises of im- munity. But we will assume all j men innocent unless proven guil- ty." They will be told their rights as American citizens, Hamblen said. Hamblen jaid being a "progres- POW who sided with the r.ot considered a crime in the United States. I The 90-day explanation period is set to begin about Sept. 25. Allied Ferguson, who is being threat- ened with opposition from Demo- cratic Gov. G. Mennen Williams of Chairman Leonard W. Hall devel- oped a virus infection, preventing his appearance at the meetings Crooksfon Chips In to Send Couple Discovery of Car Until the discovery of the car today, the only clue to the family's disappearance was a telegram filed early yesterday from the Montreux suburb of Territet to Mrs. Dunbar. Purportedly from her daughter, it said: "Terribly sorry delay in contact you unforseen circumstances have arisen. I am staying here longer. Please advise school. Boys return- ing about a week's time. All ex- tremely well. Pink rose in marve- lous form. Love from all. Melinda." Police said the telegram was handed in at the Montreux post office at a.m. Wednesday by a thick-set woman, definitely not Mrs. Maclean, who was 5 feet 2 inches and slender. After examining the original of the message Mrs. Dunbar told Swiss security police she believed the handwriting was not her daugh- ter's and a handwriting expert was checking it today. Geneva's police chief, Charles Knecht, said last night he believed it "somewhat unlikely" Mrs. Mac- lean had been kidnaped or met with an accident, but he added: "If she deliberately left the coun- try, it is strange that she failed to advise at least her own mother of her plans." CROOKSTON, Minn. Leo Longtin and his wife are on the way to San Francisco today to ___, greet their homecoming prisoner In a sense, indeed. "Operation I their "fears and persuade them to i of war son as guests of pretty near I Council. I wjU allowed to talk with their 1 former soldiers in an effort to ease man. i LIU "-O" v'w between 400 and 500 million lars. dol. attack this country. Russell, top Democratic senator rs Commenting on the durability of on the Senate Armed Services Corn- jet engines, Talbott said some of j mmee and the Senate-House Atom- them run as much as hours j; Energy made the re- mil ii-hnrpn 1 Oil mark in expressing concern about Eisenhowers administration cuts in without overhaul, hours had originally been contem- plated. But he added: :There was no mistake in the Air Force funds. original jet engine orders. At the time they were made, we had no Michigan was chosen as a substi-1 experience on tute speaker when GOP National (base requirements." C _ i TTT TT_11 J____1 i-inrl which to _ Wilson and Talbott insisted the How many A-bombs tins country has stockpiled is a carefully guard- ed secret. The Georgian, interviewed about lm; vwieiaii, cancellations were not dictated by the jmpact on U. S. defense re- five-billion-dollar cutback in j -ussia's announce- the Ferguson, head of Republican Policy the _ Committee, might be faced with strong oppo- sition if Williams decides to run for his seat. cision was in line with admimstra- j q ments -Russia's announce- she developed the 1 bomb, said the best deterrent to World Peace Up to Russia, Says Secretary U.S. Willing to Explore All Means To Relieve Tension By MAX HARRELSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. The world is at a crisis, Secretary of State Dulles said today, and it is up to the Communists to remove the roadblocks that stand in the way of peaceful solutions for Ko- rea, Indochina and Germany. "Mere words" are not enough, Dulles told the U.N. General As- sembly, and there can be no "new world climate" unless the Commu- nists contribute more to it by changing their policies. The United States, he declared, stands ready to explore all pos- sible means to end tension and bring world scienti- fic discoveries "wipe life off the surface of this planet." "We are forced to doubt that the Communist side really wants to comply with the armistice and face up to the problem of with- drawing their forces from Korea and creating a united and inde- pendent Korea." Dulles spoke for 37 minutes be- fore a packed audience, including top-ranking diplomats from 60 na- tions. Russia's Andrei Vishinsky listened intently and took notes, but the Soviet bloc of delegates did not join in the applause when the secretary of state concluded. This was Dulles' major policy statement, in behalf of the United States, before the assembly ses- sion which began Tuesday. Vishin- sky will present Russian views within a few days. Dulles mentioned Premier Mal- enkov's recent statements that the Communist and non-Communist systems can co-exist peacefuEy. He commented, "such are welctfme." But he "mere words do not reassure 3is" in view of the fact that 1939, 600 million people of som> 15 nations have been broughjsiinfo the Soviet camp of Saying there never was a time when the need for harmony was more urgent, Dulles told the as- sembly: "The United States will seek to avoid any word or deed which might needlessly aggravate the (present state of dangerous tea- Ision." The secretary of state laid down the following points, which he said would "go far to end the present 1. Policies which will permit Korea to be united and free. 2. A peaceful solution of the In- dochinese problem. 3. Unity of Germany and a free Austria. 4. Policies which will enable Russia's neighbors to enjoy nation- al indenendence. 5 Policies which will end the dedication of the Soviet Communist I party to the violent overthrow of independent governments. tion policy of saving money where-1 aggres.sion is the ability to strike ever possible without endangerin [national security. On Top of Worid G reenian Candor" is an outgrowth of the Lin- coin Project study of air defense, first described by the present re- (Continued on Paae 14, Column 2) ALSOPS 0 WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy tonight and Friday with local showers late tonight and at intervals Friday. Cooler late Fri- day night with brisk shifting winds. Low tonight, 58, high Friday 75. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 51; noon, SO; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No, Central Observation) Maximum temperature 78 at a. m. today. Low 57 at a. m. today. Broken cloud layer at feet and visibility 15 miles. Wind from east-southeast at 18 miles per hour with gusts to 35 miles per hour. Barometer 29.76, falling rapidly, and humidity 42 per cent. return home. But the North Koreans and Chi- nese prisoners are displaying in- creasing evidence that they plan to disrupt the work of Communist teams. Proclaim in Banners Some POWs already have pro- claimed in banners that they will resist meeting the Reds "even at the cost of our lives." THULE AIR FORCE BASE, Greenland bombers of the ouiu in uieu DVS, me uau j United Stetes Air Force already are decided their budget wouldn't stand I beginning to try out this new air this entire community. Both in their 60s, the couple had the strain of going to meet Sgt. Ludger Longtin, 29, arriving on the west coast Sunday after many long months in a Korean prison camp. But townspeople decided other- wise and staged a fund-raising marathon over radio station KROX Clark stressed in his statement j Tuesday njght_ The Longtins, who that the armistice document says: jlive in nearby Red Lake Falls, "No violence to their (the pris- were specchless Wednesday when oners) persons or affront to their they got their raiiroad tickets and dignity or self-respect shall be per- spending money out of the more mitted in any manner for any pur- than 500 was m about pose whatsoever." This would seem to protect anti- I Communist prisoners who simply jeli' I refused to see the Red explainers I or listen to their statements. i The Allies hold about Chi- nese and North Koreans who refuse to return to their Red-ruled homelands. Thursday's delivery of about Chinese to the Indian camp raised the number now in stock- ades in the demilitarized zone to about over half the total. The deliveries are expected to be completed next week. five hours. Longtin is a church janitor here while his wife works in a local hotel. Folks showed up in crowds as the Longtins took a bus for Fargo, N. D., where they boarded a Great Northern train at a. m. today. They will arrive in San Francisco Friday night. It was the first time either had been aboard a train and for Mrs. t Longtin the only time she has been i outside Minnesota. Longtin's only other trip was an auto ride to Minot, N, D. and back. base at the top of the world as a springboard for strikes at Eurasia should Russia turn to war. A half dozen of the far-ranging B36s have come here during re- cent months, it now may be dis- closed from their home bases miles away in the United States. this northern tip of the northernmost of the chain of bases operated.by the j Northeast Air Command. Potential Bases Nearer are such potential Soviet bases as the islands of Novaya Zemlya and Franz Joseph Land 'from which the Reds could launch their own strikes with hydrogen, atomic or conventional bombs against North American cities and the string of Arctic air fields which form the northern bastion. But this powerful air base in the ice and rocks of the Arctic is much more than a springboard for the mile range B36s. All three types of the medium bombers have operated into and out of Thule either in routine train- ing operations or experimentally. Together with providing a base for retaliatory bombing of Eurasian targets, Thule and the other bases of the Northeast Command have an equally important military mis- sion. Thule and the bases south of i back. He said he felt, therefore, 1 that the retaliatory power of long- range strategic bombers must be the cornerstone of America's de- fense. Defense Network Despite any defense network that may be thrown around this coun- radar warning systems, fighter interceptor bombers are bound to break through in a determined attack, Russell said. 1 However, he also said more in- tercepter planes, as well as an im- proved radar network, are needed. He put more stress on planes than guided missiles but said he was not at liberty to expound on his reasons. At the last session of Congress Russell opposed the Eisenhower ad- ministration's five billion dollar cut in funds for'the Air Force. He repeated today he felt too deep a cut had been made. He also noted "interceptors f Kussell said the objective of achieving a balanced budget must interceptors T HernlSTd Thule I be kept, but he took the position i. Hernmna, inuit, ,h base commander, showed reporters be could "scramble" the intercep- tors and get them into the air al- most instantly upon a flash from the radar warning net that uniden- tified planes were heading toward Greenland and targets to the south. The jet fighters, like those at other USAF forward bases, stand on parking areas with engines warmed for immediate takeoff. Reporters who arrived at Thule it was better for the government to go into the red than to risk an inadequate defense. In a separate' interview, Sen. Bridges (R-NH) told reporters Rus- sia's progress on the H-bomb should bring a thorough reapprais- al of U. S. defense planning and spending. But he said this would necessarily blight his often ex- pressed hope for a tax cut by Con- gress next year. Bridges heads the Senate Appro- 000 mile range B36s this time after a visit a year ago j Bridges neaas me senate Appro- it brings Russia in a retaliatory I found all but some minor construe-i priations handles bombing war within range of the I tion completed, the field and its spending bills, and is the senior swift-flying B47 jet bombers or the j intricate complex of supply and Republican member of the Senate older piston-engined B29s and B50s.' maintenance ready. Armed Services Committee. OWATONNA, Minn. UP) The game is called "Russian The player loads one of six chambers of a pistol, spins the barrel, points the gun at his head, then pulls the trigger. Fletcher Hankel, 16, Pillsbury Academy student played the game Wednesd'ay. He lost and shot himself fatally in the head with his .22 calibre pistol. He had bought the weapon only 24 hours earlier from another student. It happened in the room he shared with another boy at the (academy. The second youth, whose identity was withheld, said Hankel died on his very first try at the I Dr. John Fischer, Steele County coroner, called the death acciden- tal. Hankel, son of Mrs, Anna Johnson of Chicago, was starting his third year as a cadet at the private school. Gen. Dean Asked to Head Ex-POW Group SEATTLE Uft The commander of the American ex-Prisoners of War Inc., has asked Maj. Gen. Wil- Iliam F. Dean to accept the posi- tion jf honorary national com- mander Which was vacated by the death of Gen. Jonathan M. Wain- wright. The invitation to the Korean war hero was sent yesterday by Ken- neth Day, Seattle, who heads the organization of former war pris- i oners.
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