Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 26, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Continued Warm Tonight and Thursday Annual Fall Fashion Edition VOLUME 53, NO. J61 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 26, 1953 THIRTY-SIX PAGES Two Cocker Spaniels dolled up by Jerri Sales, 3, Sibley, fail to catch the holiday spirit for the Sibley, Iowa, Watermelon Day. (AP Photo) Bradley Cites Weak Spots in U.S. Armor By LEWIS GULICK WASHINGTON Omar N. Bradley says America's civilian and military leaders soon must make decisions in the battle of science with Russia that will affect "our very survival as a nation." New weapons are so important, he declared, that they "are be- ginning to shake the present division of functions Army, Navy and TODAY Changes Needed in between the Air Force." He urged fuller use of scientific advances through giving scientists a larger share in strategic plan- ning, including advice to the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Bradley's views brief, that the country's best protection lies in boosting its scientific and technological lead over the Soviets- were carried in an article in the issue of the Sat- Trance By STEWART ALSOP is sick." This phrase, or something very like it, crops up again and again in all conversations with French offi- 60.vear.old career soldier re. I cials or political leaders. For a j Aug. 13 as chairman of the 133 More U.S. POWs Released By Communists Some Convicted By Reds in Camp Will Be Returned PANMUNJOM 400 U. N, soldiers returned from North Korean stockades today amid in- dications the Reds will send back some Americans handed jail terms and possibly more prisoners than they originally promised. Two of 133 Americans who crossed into friendly hands today said some fellow Americans sen- tenced to prison for "instigating I against the peace" were awaiting 1 repatriation, possibly in a day or two, at Kaesong. Kaesong, just north of Panmunjom, is the Red holding point for Allied POWs. The apparent switch in the Com- munist attitude toward these pris- oners followed protests by the U.N. Command that the Reds were hold- ing back dozens of men on trumped -up charges. U. N. Command spokesmen said there would be no comment on the reports. Along with 133 Americans, the Reds returned 17 British and 250 South Koreans today, the 22nd day of the big exchange. And 150 Americans and 250 South Koreans will be handed over Thurs- day, the Reds said. The Reds have promised to re- turn Allied ing Red Pei- ping radio hinted they might send back more. Peiping said the Communists have been "adding to the (prison- er) list newly captured including men captured in the final days of the war. It did not say how many. A total of Americans now have been many of them are aboard ships plying the Pacific on the journey home. One transport, the Gen. John Pope, left Inchon Wednesday with 428 Americans. Three others, in- cluding a hospital ship with 104 POWs, were within 10 days' sail- j ing time from San Francisco. I The Gen. William F. Hase, carrying nearly 450 ex-prisoners, was due to dock Saturday; the hospital ship Haven will arrive Sept. 4, and the Marine Adder, with Gen. Omar 36T, should tie up Sept. 4 or 5. urday Evening Post out today. Two American officers brought the news that the Reds probably will return prisoners sentenced to long time it has been obvious that I Joint Chiefs of ,Staff. Now he is board chairman of Bulova Re- search and Development, Inc., where he expects to use his knowl- edge to see that military problems needing scientific and research so- lutions are passed along to the scientists. "Soviet technical progress, like France has been suffering from some sort of sickness something has been wrong some- where. But never in this reporter's experience has there been in France so general an amosphere of paralysis and bitter stagnation At least two distinct J" made since the war in the United States. It was first assumed that the French illness was essentially economic. Put France back on her feet economically, it was reason- pace gets hotter the choices of what we must do become harder. "Some of these choices, touching the question of our very survival as a nation, now loom close ahead Saved From Reds Economic aid has had great neg- ative it, for ex- ample, France would almost cer- Bradley listed among urgent problems facing U. S. leaders: 1. Giving more atomic informa- tion to U. S. allies, because at tainly be Communist But there j sent can give our most have been precious few positive benefits no one could claim for France today the political health which was supposed to follow on economic recovery. The plain fact is that France has not really recovered economically has merely been kept ticking over. France is a rich country, the richest in Europe in many re- spects. Yet French industrial pro- duction has increased at a rate far lower than that of any other Euro- pean country, including even pov- erty-stricken Italy. Inflation con- trusted allied friends only meager information which their about weapons on survival as well as ours may depend." While certain secrets must be kept, Bradley said, "there is other atomic information, restricted by law, which would be immensely useful to our allies, and yet would not benefit the Soviets if they learned it." 2. Giving the American people more information on atomic de- velopments so they may at least "form sound judgments on the great national decisions ahead." tinues, the French franc is shakier 3 Assigning Navy aircraft car- than ever (there is talk now of an-iriers and the French other devaluation) government is faced with a col- ossal deficit. The second American diagno- sis of the French illness was essen- tially military. A soundly defend- to help bomb deep behind enemy lines. This "strategic bomb- ing" "role traditionally has been jealously guarded by the Air Force George P. Shedd of Spring Hill, Ala., said the Reds commuted terms handed three fellow officers in the last days of the war. He said the three, and possibly others, vere now at Kaesong awaiting repatriation along with about 390 other American officers. A Michigan pilot, Lt. Henry Niel- spn of St. Joseph, told newsmen six or seven men sentenced at his camp at Pyoktong were at Kae- song, Living Costs Edge to Record High in July WASHINGTON Iff) The goyern- ment reported today that living costs edged to a new record high in mid-July. The increase was enough to give a million auto industry workers a 1 cent hourly pay boost. It was the second straight month that the government's living cost measurement had hit a record. The index has risen now for five months in a row. rent, care Review of Defense Needs Necessary, Radford Declares WASHINGTON Arthur W. Radford said today the Russian hydrogen explosion requires that the United States review its de- fense against such weapons. The new Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff told a news confer- ence that U. S. military leaders knew, however, that Russia would achieve a hydrogen, explosion sooner or later just as the United States had. He said the fact of the .achievement has not changed this nation's strategic planning. Nixon Headlines Speaking Slate At Legion Rally ST. LOUIS American Legionnaires are coming to town next week, and every hotel and tourist' court for 25 miles around is booked solid. Some members of the legion and its auxiliaries are ex- pected for the legion's 35th nation- al convention. More than rooms in private homes have been promised to take care of the over- flow. Vice President Richard M. Nixon and three Cabinet members head the list of speakers for the con- vention proper Monday through Thursday. The grand parade, always a highlight of the meeting, will start at 10 a.m. Tuesday. Legion of- ficials say it will require 10 hours to pass a given point, with about persons, including about 250 bands and drum and bugle corps, marching in it. The advance guard already is streaming into town, Preeonvention events will include a speech at p.m. Friday by Sen. Mc- Carthy chairman of the Senate Investigating Committee. He will speak before a joint meet- ing of the legion's commissions on foreign affairs, Americanism and security. To help guard against shenani- sachusetts stenographer, sobbing Dulles Says UN. Charter-Obsolete A Modified F84 Jet Fighter approaches the bomb bay retrieving mechanism of its "mother" ship, a B36 bomber, for an in-flight "landing" during a demonstration of using the big plane as a carrier for reconnaissance fighter-type aircraft. The Air Force said this development will provide long range, high speed reconnaissance with a "high probability of survival for personnel and equipment." (U. S. Air Force photo via AP Wire- photo) Stenographer Admits Slaying Suitor's Sister NEW YORK Iffi A pretty Mas- gans such as those that marred conventions several years ago, a special service committee of 410 legionnaires has been formed. The hysterically, admitted to police to- day she killed the 14-year-old sister of a former boy friend who broke members are St Louis with her and another Missouri highway patrolmen and j woman. Police quoted petite Mildred Mc- Donald, 25, of Somerville, Mass., St. Louis County officers. Legion officials say they aren't expecting such trouble this time. David H. Fleischer, executive vice president of the St. Louis Legion Convention Corp., said damage claims have not exceeded for any of the past five national con- ventions. Nixon and Secretary of the Navy Robert B. Anderson will speak Monday, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles Wednesday, and Sec- retary of Defense Charles E. Wil- son Thursday. Communist Guerrillas Fighting Among Selves SEOUL guerrillas as saying she shot the girl, Mary Di Rocco, on Monday after the child told her the brother was happy fense Department as capable of B36 Fitted to Carry, Release Jet Fighter By EDMOND LE BRETON WASHINGTON Air Force says it has fitted the long- range B36 bomber for a new role: Taking off with an F84 jet plane in its cavernous belly, carrying it to within striking distance of a target, releasing the fighter for a strike, at more than 600 miles per hour, and then recovering it in midair. The Air Force yesterday re- leased the first time photo- graphs 6f the B36 in its mother role. Other sources pointed out that if the big bomber can launch a fighter plane it should also be able to launch guided missiles. More- over, both the B36 and the F84 have been described by the De- with his new wife. carrying atomic bombs. The girl had been shot five times, So the combination seems to pro- her throat slashed and her body j vide a formidable merger of speed, partly burned in the Di Rocco j range and killing power. home in Somerville. The pjston engines and four A sharp-eyed policeman. Patrol- et engmes Of the B36 give it a man George F. Grace, spotted Miss more than 435 miles an McDonald near Times Square Tues- 1 hour and an over-all range of day night and took her into custody, j mileSi .assuming a He recognized her from an Asso- nn'nnrl hnmh is drocoed midway, Fraud Attempts Against U.S. Reported Higher WASHINGTON Director J. Edgar Hoover said today there was an alarming increase last war -in attempted frauds against Pre-Alomic Age World Setup Held Inadequate Secretary of State Speaks Before U. S. Bar Association ciated Press Wirephoto he had comt radku 0 su'n cafs Lne seen in the New York Daily News I ending June 30. Hoover reported BOSTON Ufi Secretary of State Dulles said today the "pre-atomic age charter" of the United Nations contains "serious inadequacies" and needs to undergo important alterations. In a speech prepared for the American Ear Association, Dulles said he believes the can achieve a better world in the face of the fact that man now has the power "to destroy himself." But he said the U.N. would have to be changed to make this possi- ble. He recalled that the charter was drafted and signed at San Fran- cisco in early 1945 "when none of us knew of the atomic bomb which was to fall on Hiroshima on Aug 6, and added: The charter is thus a pre- atomic age charter. In this sense it was obsolete before it actually came into force." With Confidence Dulles went on to say that "as one who was at San Francisco, I can say with confidence that if the delegates there had known that the mysterious and immeasurable power of the atom would be avail- able as means of mass destruc- tion, the provisions of the charter dealing with disarmament and the regulation of armaments would have been far more emphatic and unrealistic." Dulles said the second inadequa- cy arose from the placing of re- liance in a peacetime continuation of the wartime partnership of the United States, Britain and Russia with the result that power for ac- tion was concentrated in the Se- curity Council with its veto. The assembly voting .procedure gives that body only an advisory role, he said. The third inadequacy, Dulles said, is the fact that the General As- sembly "has made but little pro- gress" in establishing fundamental Jaw among nations embodying His agents, he said, had been "eternal principles of justice and called upon to investigate I morality the government. such cases during the 12 months seen in the New York Daily News only minutes before. For 10 hours, the blonde steno- grapher protested her innocence. in South Korea's mountains are I Then near dawn police said, she fighting among themselves as a admitted: result of the North Korean purge 1 "I shot her several times. The swept-wing F84F, with its speed of more than 600 miles an hour, has a combat radius of about 850 miles. that prosecutions resulting from these inquiries had resulted in 202 convictions, up 96 from the previ- I ous fiscal year. rebuu ui trie ivuit'iui purge j x MIUL ner acvc-itii umca. _, f n of ultranationalist Reds, the Re-! Detective Lt. David Murphy of rangement for flying a fuU-size public of Korea Home Ministry Middlesex County, Mass Dis-j combat plane from a mother air- 'trict Attorney's office, who came I "aft, altnough small experimental planes have been so ilown. The fighter is lowered out of the B36's bomb bay on a tripod gear before its engine is started. It is not released until its engine has The Air Force said its new de-1 He said the savings and recov- velopment was the first known ar-j erjes resulting from the investi- gations amounted to about 000 during the past year, an in- ported today Some guerrillas were reported here to question Miss McDonald, killed in fighting between the two said her story became vague from and nation- that point on. alist North Koreans. as its own. 4. Getting full cooperation be- tween the Army, Navy and Air ed France it was argued would be F0rce in develo'p'ing guided mis- a politically sound France. Again, and jealousy military aid has had great bene-1 fits. The Russians at least face a serious deterrent force in Western Europe. The Red army is likely to march to Paris not the day after tomorrow, and without warning. But again, these benefits among the services have become a drag on the application of the missiles to our strategy." 5. Working out with Canada a more effective all-continent defense command, to include parts of the __ ___ armies and navies of both coun-1 start of the Korean war. Higher prices for food, transportation and medical were the main items responsible for the new hike in consumer costs. The Bureau of Labor Statistics said its index, known as the Con- sumers Price Index, reached 114.7 per cent of the 1947-49 average. This is 2-10ths of 1 per cent higher than in mid-June, which was also a living cost peak. The mid-July level was Vi of 1 per cent above a year ago and 12.7 per cent above the at the have been negative, and palliative. tries as as their air forces. There is still, after three years of (Continued on Page 5, Column 6) ALSOPS Dog Guards Body Of Mistress 4 Days Bradley suggested in this connec- tion a personal conference between President Eisenhower and Can- ada's Prime Minister St. Laurent. "The issues are too large, the time too pressing, for us to let this drift along in routine he said. JERSEYVILLE, III. griev-: _L r ing dog stood guard over his mis- LhemiSt Makes V33S tress' body. A radio played in the! pQr Q Suicide background. That's the way neighbors, wor-: LOS ANGELES city chem- ried because she hadn't answered i jst sealed himself in a small cab- her telephone in four days, found i jnet, police reported, and then the body of Mrs. Mildred J. Chap-1 mixed together chemicals that pell, a 53-year-old widow, in her i produced carbon monoxide. farm home near here An autopsy showed Mrs, Chap- pell had died of a heart ailment. Indications were that the dog, a The body of Eugene M. Diskant, 31, was found yesterday in his la- boratory in the Department of Wat- er and Power, where he apparently spaniel who growled before allow- had gone Sunday night. Police said ing Mrs. Chappell's friends to en- ter the house, had not eaten since he began the vigil, possibly four days before. he wrote a long letter to his em- ployer saying he'was a "misfit" and tired of the "daily struggle leading to nowhere." An index rise to 114.8 would have been enough to provide a 2 cent hourly pay boost for the auto work- ers whose -rates are geared to the government figures. WEATHER FEDERAL FORiCAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and continued warm tonight and Thurs- day. Low tonight 70, high Thurs- day 92. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m today: Maximum, 94: minimum, 74; noon, 93: precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER Max, temp. 92 at a. m. today. Low 73 at a. m. today. Skies clear, visibility 15 miles, j Wind from the south at 10 miles per hour. Barometer 30.01 steady and humidity 48 per cent. 1 started. One of the photographs shows the F84 snuggled well up into the huge bomb bay, in position for being Mildred McDonald, 25, a Somerville, Mass., stenographer, is shown in a New York police station where she was questioned in the slaying of the teen-aged sister of her former suitor. The youngster, 14-year-old Mary Di Ricco, found dead in her Somer- ville home Monday, had suffered five bullet wounds and police found a sixth slug which had gone wild. Police said they found a gun of the type used in the killing, a knife, loaded cartridges and six discharged cartridges in Miss McDonald's possession. The young woman admitted the slaying today after intense questioning. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) carried. The Air Force also disclosed crease of almost 50 per cent the previous 12 months. Under Charter Dulles told his audience of law- yers that under the charter itself the General Assembly in 1955 must consider calling a charter review meeting. He said the United States "will then vote in favor" of such a conference. .Dulles devoted much of his speech to a review of efforts in the recent session of Congress to limit the authority of the Presi- The convictions resulted in sen- j dent tne foreign affairs. yesterday that the power of the B36 had been stepped up in new models so that it can take off at weights up to pounds, com- pared with the previous pounds. The new maximum is al- most three times the maximum takeoff weight of the B29, work- horse bomber of World War II. The Ah- Force said some B36 models have had their horsepower stepped up 300 for each piston j engine. Records Set at Wisconsin Fair MILWAUKEE, Wis. W-Wiscon- sin State Fajr officials see a new attendance record in the if the weatherman continues to co- operate. The optimism was bolstered Tuesday with the announcement that two attendance marks already have been broken. It was the big- gest Tuesday the fair ever had as entered the ground and the total attendance for the first five days reached greatest five-day total in the fair's history. The total includes those attending Friday night's pre-opening. Up through Tuesday the weath- er, even including the 90-degree heat, was just what the fair offi- cials ordered. Today was Governor's Day and Gov. Walter Kohler was scheduled tences aggregating more than 437 this took the form Of pro. years. jposals to prevent "possible future The report cited as an example abuses" of the President's power of the cases prosecuted one in I to make treaties which there were 22 convictions! In this Connecti0n, Dulles said involving the loan officer of a gov- 1 tnat during the past session the ernment agency and officials and senate approved 23 treaties, 12 of employes of a savings and loan according to Dulles' legal company alleged to have induced advisors "would be unconstitution- veterans to make false statements j if the proposed amendment had in order to secure low-cost govern- j beell ;n effect, because they deal ment-guaranteed loans for veterans. norHwith matters of state jurisdiction' such as negotiable instrument laws, local licensing laws, etc." Another typical case, Hoover said, involved a series of prosecu-1 tions in which a government em-! _, ploye and private citizens attempt- NO JnQrtage ed to swindle Indians out of their rightful title to land containing valuable timber. Hoover said the Indians were ill- informed concerning the value of their property and had agreed to let it go at prices far below actual worth. SEOUL Hannah, assist- ant U. S. defense secretary for manpower and personnel, told newsmen today there is no man- power shortage and no "induce- ments" would be made to service- man for enlistment in Korea. Bandit Uses Boy, Girl As Hostages in Robbery OKLAHOMA CITY W A cool, nattily dressed bandit kidnaped a supermarket manager's small son and a niece yesterday then robbed the store of several hundred dol- lars. A citywide manhunt early to- day had failed to unearth a clue. The manager, Lawrence Dillard, gave up the money on being con- fronted with a note from his wife stating their son Mich- ael and 4-year-old niece Peggy Jones were held as hostages. The robber escaped into the city traffic. About that time detectives, alert- ed by the children's mothers, found the tots on a downtown' street. They vju v aiLCi ixuuici ._.. to speak at the grandstand this had been released before the rob- afternoon. Ibery, given a half-dollar by their abductor and instructed to buy cream, The robber gained entry to tha Dillard home by posing as a tele- phone repairman. Mrs. Dillard said she was forced to write the hostage note, which read: "Please do as these men tell you. They are holding me and the kids. They have Peggy Mich- ael with them." Her wedding and engagement rings were taken to authenticate the note. He bound and blindfolded Mrs. Dillard and her sister, Mrs. George Jones, 22, Peggy's mother. He warned them he had "a gang in the car the tele-' phone wires and left with the chil- dren. The women finally freed themselves and called police.