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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Tuesday, Temperature Same Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad VOLUME 53, NO. 159 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 24, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Wounded Patrolman John Potter, center background, was in a sitting position as he and liis partner, Patrolman Ed Samuelson held two men at bay in New York City following a gun battle Sunday. Police said the two men were part of a quartet who robbed a restaurant a half hour before 'Jiey were captured. This exclusive picture was made by Harold Mathewson of the New York Daily News who happened to be at scene of the gun battle. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Russ Make Sweeping Concessions in New East German Treaty MOSCOW Soviet Union has made sweeping concessions in a new pact with East Germany. The Kremlin agreed to exchange ambassadors with the Soviet occupation zone, end reparations after Jan I cut occupation costs, provide additional economic aid and' release some German war prisoners. ________________________ A joint communique announcing 1 the pact was issued yesterday at TODAY the end of a four-day conference between top Russian leaders, in- eluding Premier Georgi Malenkov, I and an East German delegation headed by Premier Otto Grote- wohl. yt I (Western observers in Germany TO viewed the agreement as an effort wul W j to pr0p up Grotewohl regime. Its prestige has been at a low ebb since the June 17 hunger riots in the East zone. (These-observers also considered By JOSEPH ALSOP I the pact an obvious Russian att- wACTmji-TnTj ThP to undermine the pro-West- WASHINGTON government West Gernlan ment analysts are reported to Be j Cnanceuor Konrad Adenauer, now tentatively convinced that the So- j locked in a life-and-death election Reds Need ear to Build Bomb viet hydrogen bomb was an m- campaign against the Socialists in preparation for the Sept. 6 parlia- The terirn weapon, similar to the Amer- ieiuii wcoy mentary elections.) lean bomb tested at Emwetok in J Attack on Adenauer 1951, If this is correct, the purposes of the Soviet explosion were to gain preliminary data on the g Aremlm allel ueulareu m a hydrogen fusion reaction, and to broadcast the West German test the very large atomic bomD r.or. that is needed to trigger a full- scale hydrogen bomb. The 1951 Eniwetok bomb designed for these purposes had a power of about 250 kilotons, or about tons announcement of the new losely followed a personal on Adenauer by Malenkov, Kremlin chief declared in a TNT The next year we tested our I full-scale hydrogen bomb, with a nower of three to five mega- i I Chancellor, who has favored Ger- man rearmament and close ties rwith the West, was leading his I country down the road to War. Malenkov's speech and the com- i munique also renewed Soviet de- I mands 'for a provisional all-Ger- man government to prepare for tons "or tons elections and eventual German of TNT. I If the Soviets follow the same j The communique, signed by both pattern, as is expected, their first Malenkov and Grotewohl, disclosed full-scale hydrogen bomb should be seven major points in the new tested in 1954. Meanwhile, there I treaty: are reliable expert forecasts of an j "Diplomatic representation in early test of a very much larger j East Berlin and Moscow will be American hydrogen bomb, with a raised to embassy level. power that may run as high as ten I megatons, or t TNT. Real Lead These facts are enough to cstab- 3. Soviet occupation costs will be lish the reality of the American j reduced to a level of not more atomic lead. They sufficiently ex-j than 5 per cent of total East Ger- plain the statement of the chair- i man revenues. man of the Joint i 4 Russian .authorities will take Committee on Atomic Knersy, i measures to release German war i 2. Soviet-run enterprises in East Germany will be returned to the East Germans. Part of French Strike Appears To Be Broken PARIS l.fl The back of France's postal and telephone strike a p peared broken every- where except in the capital. But balky workers continued to resist j back-to-work orders in other strike- I bound industries and services. As the nationwide workers' pro- test against Premier Joseph Lan- iel's proposed payroll and retire- ment benefit cuts went into its 20th day, only a few trains were operating. The Paris subway and bus systems still were partly para- lyzed. Elsewhere, scattered strikes continued to "spring up like as one observer put it. The Communist-led General Con- federation of Labor (CGT) openly defied Laniel's demands for an end to the strikes and promoted new walkouts to push demands for higher wages. Although the non Communist Christian and Socialist unions had ordered their workers back on the I job, many members defied the command. They first wanted as- surances they wouldn't be fired for striking and could make up pay losses through overtime. U.S. Employes Asked to Help Ferret Out Reds WASHINGTON UP) Senate subcommittee has appealed to present and former government employes for help in learning "the identity of the Communists who are presumably still in govern- ment." The appeal came from the Sen- ate judiciary subcommittee on in- ternal security, which during the past year has been hunting for mic s Ato Depend on Russia Report to Ike Asks Liberal Trade Policies Douglas Warns Fate of Free World Hinges on Stand By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER Eisen- hower today made public an ad- ministration adviser's report de- claring free world unity "will re- main precarious and fragile" un- less the United States liberalizes its foreign trade policies, The report to the President by Lewis W. Douglas, former am- bassador to Great Britain, says that for 30 years this country has erected import barriers which have I operated against "re-establishment of international economic and fi- nancial health and equilibrium." America long ago became the world's greatest creditor and can "no longer pursue the protectionist policies of a debtor nation and hope to escape discrimination against American products in the international the report adds. "Time is of the essence" in mov- ing toward freer trade, Douglas says in a review of currency and trade relations between the United I States and Britain. He urges the administration to make a prompt announcement it is determined to work toward "a progressive vig- orous and consistent relaxation of our restrictive foreign trade legis- lation." Valuable Report In a letter dated July 21, Eisen- hower termed the ted to him July most val- uable contribution toward illumi- nating the still dark corners of this highly significant matter." Without committing himself, Ei- senhower turned the report over to the new government study com- mission on U. S. foreign economic i policy, a group headed by Clarence E. Randall of Chicago, board j chairman of the Inland Steel Corp. The group soon will begin a survey to determine whether this country's trade policies should be revised. In his report, Douglas dealt with the progress Britain has made toward resolving "many of the causes of the unbalance between the dollar and sterling." And be defined the issues "which we, on our side, must face if we are to enjoy the fruits of an en- larged volume of trade, more sta- ble currencies, and an expanded area of economic freedom." It was on that score that Douglas said the United States for 30 years across the country to report on rights. has been erecting barriers oper-1 trpnds The appeal papers said U. S. District Judge Luther jating against re-establishment of trends' dahl "misconstrued the counts so as to create the new and spurious international economic health. He! Tne Times. m a wasjngton is-, issues of also said: Great Changes Necessary in Soviet System Prospects for International Checks Dim A Man And A Wife were killed while asleep in a first-floor bedroom in their home at Havana, 111., early today when a big trailer-truck crashed into the building. Dead were Charles LeRoy Mill- ner, 45, and his wife, Virginia, 33. Driver of the truck was Don Killing, 32, Coal Valley, 111. Four children in an upstairs bedroom were uninjured. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) U.S. Asks Youngdahl Ruling on Lattimore Case Be Overturned By KARL R. BAUMAN WASHINGTON government today asked the U. S. Court House is setting up a network of Of Appeals to reinstate four perjury charges against Owen Lattimore economic experts at key points j which a lower court judge threw out as violating his constitutional Experts to Keep Close Watch on Economic Trends NEW YORK New York Times reported today the White "It is doubtful whether the world can recover a high degree of eco- nomic freedom or whether Ameri- can important to large segments of our en- ter foreign markets without benefit of continued American subventions and subsidies, unless sterling makes further progress toward its own emancipation. Interest Vital "If further progress is not made toward the removal of restrictions on trade and a more unfettered exchange of currencies, it is quite likely that, despite international political institutions that have been erected or that may be erected in the future, the unity of the free world will remain precarious and fragile. patch by Charles E. Egan, said Of jdeas, imposition of orthodox the experts are known for their j views, et cetera." business acumen and objectivity in Judge Youngdahl, a former Re- local economic condi- I Publican governor of a innes assessing lutai ei.uuumii. last May down the mdict- tions. i ment against the controversial Far Egan said the experts, "chosen I Eastern specialist from seven to on a highly selective basis estab- j three counts, lished fay the opinions of bankers, j Unless the judge is overturned businessmen, labor leaders and j by high the government wiU politicians in each city, will report on a monthly often if conditions the White have to decide whether to bring Lattimore to trial on the remain- ing three counts or drop the case. Lattimore, a onetime State "On these points American na- Walter Williams will select the tional interests cerned. are vitally con- Representative Sieilini; Loie, prjsoners. Excluded from the par- 1 that the American atomic program I is .still "pre-eminent." particularly wicked crimes against The question is, unfortunately, j numanjty." whether "pre-eminence" matters, j debts to Rus. According to the American wm fce wj d ment s official estimates, the Kremlin is now able to cripple this country by air-atomic attack. Ac- cording to the same estimates, the Kremlin will gain the ability to devastate this country lo strike knockout blow that will force our j 6. Reparations payments to Rus- sia will end after next Jan. 1. The i amount still due was listed at i 7. Russia will bolster the East surrender to the enemy within German economy with shipments 18 to 24 months. of food, coal, steel and other met- The recent Soviet bomb test j cotton and other goods worth plainly suggests that these Amer- j 590 million rubles (147V4 million ican government estimates have erred, if at all, on the side of cau- tion. When the Kremlin has the bombs and the airpower to destroy this country, it will be a very poor consolation to know that we have more bombs than the Kremlin. The consolation will be all the thinner, dollars at the official Soviet ex- change rate) and will extend cred- its of 485 million rubles mil- lion To Return Prisoners all the concessions, the re- lease of more German war pris- oners was expected to win the against our bombs, while we have no air defense worthy of the name (Continued on Pane 2, Column 5.) ALSOPS Electric Shock Kills Stewartville Worker ROCHESTER, Minn. jamin Wrede, about 60, Stewart- ville electrician, died in a hospital here late Friday after suffering a shock while working on electrical equipment and falling about 25 feet. The joint communique repeated direct unification. The Communists said the talks should set up a provision- al government over East and West Germany. It would arrange elec- tions to be carried out without for- eign interference. Grotewohl, replying to Malen- kov's speech before flying back to Berlin yesterday, said: "We are convinced that all the German peo- ple will support the Soviet pro- posals to the Western Powers and will demand that these proposals I be carried out." agencies extending back 20 years. Sen, Jenner (R-Ind) heads the group. In a 50-page report summarizing what it called "interlocking sub- version in government depart- the subcommittee de- clared last night: "The Soviet international organ- ization has carried on a successful and important penetration of the United States government, and this penetration has not been fully ex- posed." The report said four or more Soviet espionage rings among gov- ernment employes have been de- scribed by ex-Reds and "that only two of these have been exposed." The report continued: "There is a mass of evidence and information on the hidden Communist conspiracy in govern- ment which is still inaccessible to the Federal Bureau of Investiga- tion and to this subcommittee be- cause persons who know the facts of this conspiracy are not coopera- ting with the security authorities of the country "Many government workers who have been loyal to the United States government did learn by their contact with conspirators some details of subversion, "If these people will come for- ward, either to the Federal Bu- reau of Investigation or to the con- gressional committees, great strides will be made in protecting the security of this country." Supervisor Dies ST. PAUL wi Crandall, 43, state old age assistance super- visor, died near Howar Lake Sat- urday night after suffering a heart attack while riding with a friend. Serving as a special deputy to Secretary of State Dulles, Douglas began his study for the President shortly after the talks which United States and British officials held in Washington last March on eco- nomic and financial problems. In his report, the former am- bassador says American mainten- ance of trade policies "more ap- propriate to a debtor than a cred- itor country" has been one of the businessmen to serve on the group. He also receive the tele- graphed reports from the special- ists and, together with other eco- nomic advisers to President Eisen- hower, will evaluate the informa- tion received. Williams, according to reports in administration circles, eventually will be asked to give full time to White House duties. He is now spending half his time at the White House helping Sherman Adams, special assistant to Eisenhower, ILUl UUU1J LI y UCC11 UUC
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