Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 10, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy, Warmer Tonight; Local Showers Tuesday Albert Lea at Gabrych Tonight at 8, KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 147 SIX CENTS' PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 10, 1953 WarnsRedson POWRehirn Scientists Await Evidence Russia Has H-Bomb By FRANK E. CAREY AP Science Reporter WASHINGTON next week or so could be a tense watch- and-wait period for American officials scanning the atmosphere for proof of Russia's boast that it has the dread hydrogen bomb. Parade to Open Wisconsin Fair MILWAUKEE 1953 Wis- consin State- Fair, beginning Aug. 22, will open with a colorful pa- rade through downtown Milwaukee. W. M. Masterson, fair manager, said the parade will include 20 band and marching units, perhaps some carnival acts and, of course, Alice in Dairyland, who this year is Mary Ellen Jenks of Chippewa Fails. "With a decent break in the said Masterson, "attend- ance at the nine-day fair should reach to The all- jr a nine-day fair is First Released POWs Start for Home Tonight Coming by Plane, Others to Make Voyage by Boat By WILLIAM J. WAUGH PANMUNJOM UP! Seventeen Masterson said his estimate was disabled but happy Americans left based on advance ticket sales, Tokyo tonight by plane for the This follows from the unofficial view of a well-known atomic scient- which last j Unjted leaving bellind grjm fairs this year. ist, Dr. Ralph Lapp of Washington, D. that: TODAY U.S. Can't Ignore New Warning By JOSEPH ALSOP WASHINGTON Georgi 1, Russia may actually have done a "small scale" test of a primitive H-bomb late last scale insofar as the hydrogen end of it, j but conceivably involving a trig-) gering atomic bomb 10 times as powerful as the one dropped on j Nagasaki. j 2. By Lapp's own estimate it would take at least a week for radio-activity detection devices to verify such an event. While the United States has never said how it detected the first Russian A- in 1949, Lapp suggested kov has told the world that "the j nationwide system for United States no longer has a mo- 1 scenting the atmosphere from nopoly of the hydrogen bomb." The radioactivity from Nevada tests U whether kov was telling the truth. The Russian Premier Georgi Malen- a bigger fool than he answer is conditional. If he wasjkov's announcement to the Soviet Parliament Saturday that "the "United States no longer has the monopoly of the hydrogen bomb" continued to set off shock waves of reaction throughout the free lying, he looks. The earlier tests of Soviet atom- ic bombs the first in September, 1949, and the second and third in October 1952 were first an- nounced here in Washington and I the ones with the most steam only confirmed in Moscow. The s Wt there were many hind them, would cost Washington announcements were tial reductions in revenue. world. Man) if it v Skeptical Heavy Budget Throws Pall on Tax Revision By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON al sources said today a bleak budg- et picture is throwing a heavy pall over a broad tax revision program firmly promised for next year. They commented as the House Ways and Means Committee neared the end (probably Wed- nesday) of weeks of hearings, of- ten running well into the night, on the complex subject. A tentative program of the pro- posals they would like most to adopt is shaping up in the minds of some lawmakers. But the problem was this: Al- thp' QVpntiral i most a" these Proposals, certainly uie steam he- possible because of the American long-range detection project, first established in 1948 at the behest of the present chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, Ad- miral Lewis Strauss. The principl-e, if not the prac- tice, of long-range detection is fairly simple. The famous bomb- One effect of Malenkov's an- seemed like confirmation of specu-j Eisenhower administration will Rep. Van Zandt a mem- ber of the Joint Atomic Energy Committee, in. voicing suspicion of the Russian claim, said: "Why, we States has I nave a maJor headache next year 1 in keeping revenue high enough to reach the long-promised goal of a balanced budget. As one informed and influential source put it: "It looks like a bat- Tiliriv 5UHMW. i inj -iiiini.iLi.3 clouds of the weapons of total des- didn't know we had one ourselves truction rapidly ascend into the I until last October when we ex- upper air and circle the earth in ploded a hydrogen_ device." months in North Korean prison camps. Another 328 Americans boarded a Navy transport in Inchon har- bor and will sail for home Tues- day. About U.S. Marines re- turning home on regular rotation also are aboard the ship, the Gen. Nelson M. Walker. The Big Air Force plane carry- ing the vanguard of more than 000 Americans scheduled to be lib- erated in the massive prisoner ex- change took off from Tokyo's Ha- neda Airport at p.m. a.m., CST, Although destination and landing time were not given, the transport probably will set down at Travis Air Force Base near San Francis- co about noon Tuesday. The ship probably wilMake about two weeks to cross the Pacific to Seattle or San Francisco. Monday saw 389 more Allied sol- diers return from North Korean happy Amer- icans, British and Turks, and 189 South Koreans, many of them human wrecks. Sadness, Gaiety Pre-sident Dwight D. Eisenhower got a first- hand report on Korea today from Secretary of State John Foster Dulles who flew into Denver, Colo., today from the war-torn peninsula. Gath- ered for the meeting in the President's Denver "White House" office at Lowry Air Base were, left to rrght: Assistant Secretary of State Walter S. Robertson, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Henry Cabot Lodge, President'Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) All 24 Men Who 'Chuted From C119Found Alive WIESBADEN, Germany wi All 24 men who parachuted from their disabled C119 Flying Boxcar over the Libyan desert late Saturday night have been found alive, the U. S. Air Force's European head- quarters said here today. Twenty-one of the airmen were found early today. The other three were spotted later by an air rescue Panmunjom's mood swung! Party, sharply between sadness and gai-j The plane crashed in the desert ety Sunday, depending on what na-1 60 miles south of the big U. S. MOTHER CANT BELIEVE IT tionality was on the trucks. The 125 Americans and 25 Turks all appeared in good condition. The Air Force base at Wheelus Field, Tripoli. The survivors, none seriously in- British, 50 in all, were in excellent jured, were taken by helicopter 1 and ground rescue teams to the faces Air Force hospital at Wheelus spirit. But there were grim among tough U. S. Marines who Soffle of the survivors suHered unloaded Red ambulances loaded with wasted, emaciated ROK sol- diers. the stratospheric winds. The pow- erfully radioactive particles that the clouds contain can be detected by Geiger counters. Air samples, taken by patrol planes, tell much about the bombs that produced the clouds. Even the scene of the ex- plosions can be located, by seis- mographic and other evidence. Not Concealed Rep. Hinshaw also a i committee member, said "We; mastered production of the hydro- gen bomb and all other aspects of it a year ago, so it is not surpris- ing that the Russians claim to have developed it now." Another member, Rep. Durham did not make such a flat statement as these. But he said tie between more justice in taxi And cynical Communist press laws and a loss in revenue. That's Photographers largely stayed away since the South Korean liv- ing dead offered no propaganda It is almost inconceivable committee realized Russia's the explosion of a Soviet hydrogen bomb has escaped this system of long-range detection. Atomic ex- plosions can in theory be conceal- ed if the bomb is detonated under- ground in a mine, for example. But the essential component of a hydros-en bomb, the very heavy hydrosen. tritium, is a _ volatile gas which would escape into the air somehow. A method for de- tectinc the most minute quantities of tritium in the atmosphere has already been published by Dr. W. F. Libby of Chicago University. Thus concealment seems out of the question. H-bomb potential long _ is the reason we worked so hard j ion a hard choice." Fiscal Facts The fiscal facts-are these: The administration estimates spending for the current fiscal year, ending next June 30, at about 74 billion dollars. Income is estimated at billion, leaving a deficit of 5Vb billion. The administration is firmly committed to permit two big tax reductions a 10 per cent cut in individual income taxes, and ex-1 possibilities for them. There were 200 non-Koreans ex- changed Monday. It was the first day that more non-Koreans than ROKs have been returned. Early Monday the Reds suddenly an- cuts and bruises and ankle in- juries as a result of the jump. Reports the crash were re- ceived by radio at the Air Force's European headquarters here. An Air Force spokesman said that the names of the survivors probably would be released later. The plane, carrying a crew of 6 and IS passengers, was on a flight across the Mediterranean from Udine, Italy, to Wheelus Field. It tbis couns i both on Jan. nounced they were substituting 25 had been missing since Saturday more Americans and 25 more Brit- j midnight when it reported it was ish for 50 South Koreans. Whether 30 to 50 miles off the North Afri- this was merely a mixup in the Red schedule or had some deeper significance remained to be seen. There was speculation the Reds bomb.' madehe sudden avoid poration income taxes and excise Sen! Clinton Anderson sales taxes-set April innthnT 111 o nlto AT in- (Continued on Page 8, Column 6.) j come. would take another big bite of in- H-BOMB Madison Armed Forces Institute Head Named WASHINGTON The Defense Department Saturday announced the appointment of Dr. Robert On the other hand, the radio-! Johns of Purdue University as di- active cloud takes some days to I rector of the U. S. Armed Forces circle the earth. Analysis of the I Institute at Madison, Wis, data produced by long-range de-1 Johns, who will assume the- post tection takes a much Altogether, the losses would rc- I duce revenue to about 62 or 63 billion dollars, at present econom- ic levels. That means, to balance the budg- et, spending would have to be re- duced up to 12 billion dollars un- der the present the tax cuts will have to be canceled, or new tax increases imposed, Eisenhower already has asked for cancellation of the scheduled corporate tax reduction. But Rep. delivering the ghastly ROK litter cases before the eyes of India's Foreign Minister R. K. Nehru. To Oversee Prisoners Nehru, a member of the Neutral Nations Advisory Commission which will oversee prisoners who refuse repatriation, reached Pan- munjom in time to witness the third hourly delivery of prisoners. This was the exchange group that was switched by the Reds. Tuesday's group, the Reds an- nounced, aE will be in good health, i It will be made up of 100 Ameri-' cans, 25 British, 25 Turks and 250 South Koreans. can coast. Parents of Baraboo ROW Get Good News BARABOO, Wis. won- derful; we've waited so Mrs. Ida Meyers, Route 4, Bara- boo, told the newsman who called her long distance with the news that her son, Sgt. Edwin R. Mey- ers, 23, had been released from a Korean prison camp. She said she and her husband, Roy, who operate a farm, la'st heard from Edwin May 30 when __ The total will raise the number time [Sept. 1, succeeds Dr. Glenn L. Mc-j more. (Conagha, who resigned to become j of the Ways in shnrt we to know whether I vice president of his alma mater, j tee, said yesterday he regards lying before very JMuskingum College, New Concord! j present law as a firm promise to 313 Americans the Reds said they Malenkov was _ Ion5, but our government may know now. Since long-range detection is al- so understood by the Soviets, it I reduce the tax. McConagha has headed the in- 1 This difference could develop stitute for the past 10 years, dur-jinto a repeat performance of _ the ing which time it developed a cur- 1 dramatic Reed vs. the adminis- ______ be assumed for the present riculum of about 350 correspond- 1 tration battle that raged in the has to that Malenkov not lying. Thejence and self-teaching courses in next question, therefore, is high school and college subjects thcr his news is as serious as it j for men and women in the armed looks. Here the answer is again if, conditional. Unless past American government ejtiniates of the scale! and speed of Soviet atomic devel- (Continued on Page 11, Column 5.) ALSOPS session of Congress just ended. The issue then was extension of the excess profits tax, pushed across over Reed's last-ditch opposition. held. The Communists have said they will return prisoners all told. There were fewer incidents in the switch Monday. The only trou- ble came from a handful of North Korean prisoners who jumped off their northbound trucks here and appeared ready to start a fight. a prisoner of war camp in North Korea. She said the family had received two letters this year and three last year. In one of them Edwin told his St. Paul Man Sought For Killing Marshal ST. PAUL, Minn wi "Always the urgent search for her son and remember me in your prayers, Mom, please." And M: today she and her husband both Vaughn of Murfreesboro, Tenn. were praying for the writer of that line, their son Eugene, 25. But while they voiced those prayers, that same son and his companion, Woodward Larson, 31, were still the objectives of a man- hunt in the South. "I just don't understand it be- cause he wasn't a bad said Mrs. Juelich as newspaper head- lines and radio broadcasts told of Engineers Revise World's Deepest Pipeline Schedule ST. IGNACE, Mich. Engi- neers, dogged by mechanical fail- ure, today revised time schedules on the laying of the world's deep- est crude oil pipeline across the four miles of the Straits of Mac- kinac. The underwater pipeline was ex- pected to take 66 hours to com- plete. However, work on the dif- ficult project halted temporarily Sunday with only one foot string of pipe partially in place when a power winch failed. _ _._ Field engineers now say the job! fflling station It was there he will take the most of 'this week to complete. family he would require surgery line will be linked to sections being New rigging was called for to j He was Jaid in January pull the 20-inch band of steel across j the straits. It will replace a winch j everything seemed which broke down under the strain ..-_... of hauling the pipe which weighs 166 pounds for each running foot. Attempts to substitute seven tractors for the winch also failed. Workmen started pulling the pipe across the straits at a.m. (CST) Sunday some 14 hours behind schedule. When completed, the 20-inch pipe- Reports to Ike On Conferences In South Korea Says Gen. Taylor Doing All He Can To Get Men Released By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER of State Dulles said after a conference with President Eisenhower today that the United States probably would adopt "reciprocal measures" if the Communists refuse to return some American prisoners of war. Dulles left no doubt at a news conference that he meant this country would take retaliatory steps if prisoners are withheld in violation of the armistice terms.. The secretary arrived at Eisen- hower's vacation headquarters thii morning after an overnight non- stop flight from Honolulu on the way back from South Korea, whers he conferred with the President ol that republic, Syngman Rhee. Dulles was with Eisenhower for about 70 minutes. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., chief of the U. S. mission to the United Na- tions, and Assistant Secretary of State Walter S. of whom accompanied Dulles to Ko- in at today's conference. Dulles told newsmen he gave Eisenhower "a very full report" on his talks with Rhee. The secre- tary then noted that a communi- que released before he left Korea had said that the South Koreans had given "categorical assurance" that they won't upset -the newly- won armistice. Dulles, volunteered the informa- tion that he had been most im- pressed by what he saw of the exchange of prisoners of war at Freedom Village while be was in Korea. The Cabinet officer went on to say he witnessed the first ex- change and that some of the Uni- ted Nations forces exchanged were "in a rather dazed condition" and most of them in "pretty bad phy- sical condition." The condition of those exchanged later, he added, has been some- what better. Problem for U. S. The secretary then said that government is concerned that some prisoners of war might be with- held and not exchanged by Chinese Communists and the North Koreans. That matter, Dulles said, is "very much on our minds." He said those in charge administering the armistice, including Gen. Max- well Taylor, commander of the 8th Army in Korea, are going to do "all that is humanly possible to get back all American boys." A bit later in the news confer- ence, Dulles was asked to e_labor- ate on what the precautionary steps are being taken in an effort to prevent the Reds from with- holding prisoners. The secretary replied that pris- oners who have been returned are being checked carefully to find out if they can furnish the names of any others who may be withheld. Then Dulles said that "if they to go Mrs.' Juelich said, (the prisoners) don't get back we "He'd get a job and they would i would presumably adopt recipro- find he was on parole and let him j cal measures." Larson. They are sought in the woods near Adairsville, Ga., for the slay- rs. Herbert Juelich said -R. Qf a fedgral The officer was shot down while taking the pair from a Nashville jail to the Atlanta Federal Peni- tentiary to start serving five-year terms for car theft. "Does this letter sound like my son is that sort vicious and revengeful asked Mrs. Juelich. And she passed to news- men a letter her son had written her last Thursday while still in the Nashville jail: "Mom, all in all, I could've re- ceived quite a bit of time, 10 or 20 years, but again I've been the letter said. "My buddy (Larson) and I each received five years "fsn't much to-say, Mom, except I've done it I'm sorry again. Mom, my receiving five years may not.sound like we were lucky but, believe me, we were. Then again, maybe it wasn't luck. It could have been your believe it was. Always remember me in Your loving son, H. E. J." Mrs. Juelich said with pride that her son had joined the Navy on hi.s 16th birthday and was honor- ably discharged in August 1950. Be- fore that bitch he had twice been placed on probation for car thefts. Eight months after his dis- charge, he was sentenced to six years in the St. Cloud, Minn., reformatory for robbing a St. Paul fall and i got a job with a St. Paul printing out. He developed an inferiority complex. He was always thinking people had it in for him." When he ran away in mid-Feb- ruary with Larson and Joan Marie Asked whether that meant that this country in turn would withhold some Communist prisoners, the secretary said that would "seem to be a normal procedure." to remove shrapnel. Edwin arrived. in Korea in 1951 and was reported captured Nov. 2, 1951, she said. The sergeant is one of 11 chil- dren. Three boys and three girls still live at home. Besides' running his farm, Roy Meyers works at Badger Ordinance Works near Baraboo. laid between Superior, Wis., and Sarnia, Ont. The four-mile section will cost an estimated ten times the cost per mile of the rest of the pro- The task of placing the pipe across the rough Straits of Mac- j Wenberg, 18, of St. Paul, "it seems j In reply to another question, Dul- he must have gone out of his'' "f said his mother. Mr. and Mrs, Bill Wenberg, who live in St. Paul not far from the Juelichs, were less communicative. They would admit only that their daughter had come home under bond provided by her dad at Nashville, where she, too, is charged with complicity in theft of Hit J. UUU4 wv "i I kinac is being handled by a 250-1 (Continued on Page 14, Column 1.) man crew. ST. PAUL WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and cloudiness, somewhat warmer to- night. Considerable cloudiness, lo- cal thundershowcrs Tuesday. Low tonight G6. high Tuesday 85. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the. 24 hours at 12 noon Sunday: Maximum' Si: minimum. 59; noon, 81; precipitation, none Only Contempt, Pity for GIs Who Stayed With Reds By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK open letter to any of the few American prisoners in Korea who chose to remain behind the bamboo curtain: Dear ex-GI Joe: So you don't want to come home, kid? You've picked the Red over the Red, White and Blue. Why? Is it because your former bud- j dies in the prison camps knew you had Official observations'for the 24 j turned informer and ratted on them to hours ending at 12 noon today: get better treatment? And you were Maximum, 86: minimum, 61; afraid to come back because you'd have noon, S3; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp, so at p. m. Sun- day, low 63 at a. m. today. Noon temp. 79 scattered layer of clouds at 10.000 feet. Visibility 15 miles, wind from the southwest at 14 miles per hour. Barometer 30.05 steady, humidity 60 per cent. to face the day of reckoning? In every war there is a handful like prisoners died rather than yield their beliefs. Other thousands clung stubborn- ly to their faith through months or even years of sickness and bare-boned hunger. The dead lie in unmarked graves but live in honored memory. The living will return to a hero's welcoming. And you, the handful who tried to sell them out for an extra mouthful of wheat, who peddled your birthright for less than a mess of pottage, who will remember you? Only the families you have dishonored. And it 'were better if even they never know your guilt. Maybe you weren't actually the stool pigeon the' other soldiers thought you. Maybe you became what they jeeringly called a' "progressive, a Red sympathiz- er" because your captors actually sold you Communism on principle. Either way, kid, you've made one of the world's worst buys. By refusing to be repatriated you became a deserter, and that is the way your army will list you, even if it never can try you as a traitor. You have traded an old and tried freedom for a new will-o'-the-wisp "free- the false harsh light of the world. You have abandoned the Statue of Liber- ty Stars and Stripes for the blood- red symbol of the hammer and sickle. Your fellow prisoners say that, when they started the long, joyous journey home, you were having a cozy party among yourselves. What could you be celebrating? And when they had depart- ed, and you had filled your belly with you cannot be friends with one another. For whenever you look_into each other's eyes, each image of c buddies or his principles, or both. The top Communists will never trust vou. And when your value as a window- CU, ctilU. J.10.VA meat and drunk all the liquor you want- dressing or showpiece for Communism dwindles, what will be your reward? Did you get a little ,sick insiders you Labor Casual bullet Your dead fellow prisoners have found their peace. Those who survived ed, what did you think? looked around the empty camp? Did you realize that now you will never have a home again in your life, and you might found their their old way Hmn t.ho wnrrl from vour vocabu- are returning to peace and their old way as well drop the word from your vocabu- lary? Now there is nothing for you to come back to. And what is there for you to look forward to The Red guards must look at you with open contempt now. For they need you no longer. There is no one left for you to betray. They can never be your friends. And of life. But you are now one of the living dead, hated by those you used to know, despised by those you now move among as an alien, forever a stranger in a strange land. Not much of a payoff, is it, kid? Sincerely, Hal Boyle les said this government has re- ceived no official word that any American prisoners of war are re- fusing to be repatriated. He noted that there have been published re- ports that a few of the men have turned down a chance for release. Dulles also gave Eisenhower a report on his conferences with Japanese Prime Minister Yoshida in Tokyo. Need More Jap Aid The secretary told newsmen that Japan "perhaps is not doing tvhat we would hope" so far as its contribution to Pacific area de- fense is concerned. The secretary said that in his talks with Yoshida he had em- phasized the "importance of Japan assuming a larger responsibility for security of the meaning the Pacific vicinity. Lodge told the news conference- that Dulles had "accomplished a great deal" in Korea and that it represented a "big step toward lasting peace." Like Dulles, Lodge said he was much impressed by the organiza- tion for the exchange of prisoners. The ambassador also said that he found the United Nations forces in Korea "very impressive." Eisenhower's conference with Dulles, Lodge and Robertson, took place in the President's small sec- ond floor office at the Lowry Air Force Base administration build- ing. In Korea, Dulles negotiated and initialed a U. S.-Soutb Korea mutual security pact. In Hawaii, on the way back, the secretary declared that inso- far as peace in Korea is concerned, "we have a formal signed agree- ment."