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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 8, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Cool Tonight; Sunday Fair, Warmer Chiefs at Mankato Tonight at 8 KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 146 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST 8, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES Soviet Has H-Bomb, Malenkov Says U.S. Will Reds Break Truce Dulles, ROK Foreign Minister Initial Treaty 16 Allied Nations Promise to Oppose Any New Aggression By WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL Lfi A treaty pledging America's military might in de- fense of war-battered South Korea if Red armies break the truce and attack again was initialed here today. The mutual security pact, which must win U. S. Senate approval, was initialed by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and ROK For- eign Minister Pyun Yung Tai, The ceremonies in President Syngman Rhee's hillside mansion climaxed four days of important conferences between Rhee and Dulles. It came as U. N. headquarters in New York announced that 16 Allied nations with troops in Korea have promised to take up arms again in the event of a new Com- munist -attack. But Britain and Canada1 later hedged their commit- ment. Dulles and Rhee, in a joint state- ment issued as the security pact was initialed, hailed their work as "an important contribution to the development of independence and freedom in the Far East." They also announced a United States'-Korea agreement to walk out of the forthcoming political con- ference if both feel after 90 days that the Communists are "exploit- ing" efforts to achieve peace in Korea. Fly to Tokyo Dulles, his mission to Korea com- pleted, flew to Tokyo Saturday evening on the first leg of his trip back to Washington. Dulles said he and Japanese Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida meet Saturday night to "talk over matters of common concern, both relating to Japan and to the free world position in the Far East." Dulles promised another stata- U.S. Secretary Of State John Foster Dulles, right, and South Korean Foreign Minister Pyun Yung Tai, signed the Mutual Defense Pact at the president's mansion in Seoul today. Looking on is President Syngman Rhee and Prime Minister Paik Too Chin, standing right to left. The others are unidentified. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) ment before leaving Japan for Washington Sunday. The security pact agreed upon by Dulles and Rhee provides for basing American troops in Korea. But the secretary of state told a news conference that "we want to get our armed forces home as soon as is consistent with our respon- sibilities." Dulles and his advisers also dis- cussed with South Korean leaders n vast program of economic aid planned by the United States to rebuild the war-shattered land. The three to four-year program con- templates one billion dollars in American aid, oC which 200 million already has been approved by Con- gress. The two governments swapped ideas and drafted plans for work- ing side by side to achieve peace, just as they ciid in fighting the war, Dulles said. Joint Statement By MILO FARNETI PANMUNJOM laughter and joy 10 Purged Red Korean Officials Sentenced to Die LONDON radio re- ported today the North Korean Su- preme Court has sentenced to death 10 high government officials accused of plotting to overthrow North Korea's Communist regime. Two others were given long jail terms. The 12 defendants in a typical Communist purge trial "confessed" the radio said, to spying and carry- ing on other subversive work for the United States and South Korea. Named as ringleader and topping the list of those sentenced to die was former Justice Minister Lee Sung Yop. Among the others were j former Dep. Propaganda Minister' Cho Yun Nyong, former Foreign Minister Pak Hong Wong, and the Communist party's former deputy propaganda chief. Rhee Won Cho. One of the jailed officials was sentenced to 15 years, the other 12. The Communist acknowledgment that ranking Reds had gone on trial confirmed South Korean in- telligence reports that a big purge bad been under way for several weeks in North Korea. Pak wns considered a top offi- cial, often acting as government 90 More Americans Returned by Reds came to Panmunjom today as 90 Americans returned to freedom in obviously better health and spirits than those liberated in the first three days of the great Korean prisoner exchange. There were few maimed and haggard men in today's group. The Reds sent back 250 South j------------------------------------------- Koreans, 90 Americans, 35 Turks and 25 total of 400. j They said Sunday's group of 400 will include 250 ROKs, 112 Amer- icans, 21 British, 13 Turks, 2 Aus tralians, 1 Canadian and 1 Filipino, The 112 Americans will be the biggest' shipment of U. S. troops so far in four days of "Operation Big Switch" and will bring the total of Americans returned to 401. Immigration Dept. Trip, Haymes Stales Reds havpromsedsend said they hope their exchange of establish a prepara- South Korea and was once security general of the Korean Communist party. He fled to the north in 1946. tory foundation for coordinated ef- forts at the political The high-level international talks, I Quarry Foreman Killed according to the armistice terms, must open by Oct. 27. The talks are aimed at finding a way to unite North and South Korea by peaceful means and fix- ing a time for withdrawal of Chi-lture Friday after falling about nese and U. N. forces from the feet as a large quantity of granite peninsula. I broke loose.___________________ MORTON, Minn. Lfl William Bidinger, 59, foreman for the Cold Spring granite quarry here, died of a crushed chest and skull frac- 0 n Elected VFW MILWAUKEE to will be held in Philadelphia, 1955 the 54th National Encampment of j in Boston, Mass. the Veterans of Foreign Wars Fri-1 A Wisconsin resolution support- day advanced Wayne E. Richards jng the St. Lawrence Seaway proj- of Arkansas City, Kan., to com-1 ect was adopted by the 54th na- rnander in chief of the group. He was unopposed, as was Mert- on B. Tice, a municipal judge in Mitchell, S.D.. who moved from junior to senior vice commander, succeeding Richards in the VFW's traditional steps to the top office. Principal contest of the elections saw Timothy J. Murphy, 43, an assistant attorney general of Mas- sachusetts from Dorchester, chos- en junior vice commander. He de- feated Municipal Judge Joseph Brueggman of Cincinnati, to The Rev. Harold D. Whittet, South St. Paul, Minn., was elected week-long encampment here drew chaplain. a record number of The 1954 National Encampment tional encampment of the Veterans of Foreign Wars. The resolution presented by the state VFW declared the need for the seaway has become more com- pelling than ever since it is regard- ed as an important part of our defense mobilization program. The encampment went on record against any pact with North At- lantic Treaty nations which would give them jurisdiction over Ameri- can servicemen accused of crime in their country. POWs. So far, the four-day exchange has brought back a grand total of ROKs, 311 Americans, 143 Turks, 126 British, 34 Filipinos, 21 Colombians, 7 French, 6 Austra- lians, and 1 each Belgian, Cana- dian, Greek and South African, The prisoners released Saturday rolled out of the north in Red trucks under a broiling sun. One carried a skin drum and another wore a red and white cap, standing out brightly against the dull blue POW clothing. 80 Negroes Eighty were Negroes, many from the old 24th Regiment, disbanded two years ago when the Army abolished racial segregation. LOS ANGELES Crooner Dick Haymes, who faces deporta- tion because as an alien he left the continental United States to visit Rita Hayworth in Hawaii, says he did so only after getting an immigration agent's okay. Haymes' attorney, Robert Eaton, told newsmen last night that prior to the trip the Argentina-born singer "sought the advice and approval of the immigration de- partment and was told by- one of its agents that the trip was per- fectly all right. Eaton said he may appeal to Congress for an act making Haymes a citizen. District Immi- gration Director Herman Landon said that is the only way the croon- er can now become a citizen, Haymes was arrested Thursday for violating the McCarran Immi- gration Act. It provides that an alien who leaves continental mav not re-enter The returnees were exuberant. I united States "Well, well, old chap, Pall Malls, unless he meets requirements of no one quipped to Lt. Louis Balent of Summerville, N. J., when the military policeman dumped a carton of cigarettes into a helmet and passed them around. "Be light, be bright! It sure is good to be back to this little piece of the old U. "Man do you realize we are in the cried Pfc. Frank J. Quarles of Hopkinsville, Ky., as his truck pulled into the exchange point. "I just can't keep my mouth he said. "It was a long trip and a sick 3 Stayed Behind Because of Fear, Says Freed POW Trio With Reds Informed on Fellow Americans, Report By JIM BECKER FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea American soldier freed by the Communists today said three fellow Americans stayed behind in North Korea not because they were Communist converts but be- cause they feared fellow captives. Another liberated POW said he knew of one captive killed by fel- low prisoners because he was a "stool pigeon." "We had quite a bit of said Cpl. Tommie Hampton of Chicago. M. Sgt. Louie M. Leach of Co- lumbus, Ga., was asked by news- men if he felt the three who stayed behind did so because they feared retaliation from fellow captives. "You're damned right I think Leach said bitterly. "We told them we would throw them over the side of the ship. There's guys up there who would give their lives to get even." Another POW, Cpl. Roosevelt Powell Jr., 25, of Okmulgee, Okla., said the three informed on fellow captives. Tried to Get "They tried hard to get infor- Powell said, "and we tried to keep it from them." Others of the 90 Americans, in- cluding 80 Negroes, who came back Saturday from North Korean pris- on camps added a new twist to life in the Red smok- ing by some captives of a nar- cotic weed, possibly marijuana. They said prisoners held at Pyoktong on the Yalu River just south of Manchuria found the gave an intoxicating effect when on wood gathering forays outside the com- pounds. Pfc. Robert I. Brooks, 23, of Reidsville, S. C., said the Chinese "could have stopped" its use "if they had really wanted to." Another liberated POW, Cpl. Albert Dion, 26, of Manchester, Iowa, declared the Reds had made some effort to stop the practice. Brooks said he thought the Com- munists encouraged its use "be- cause if they figured they could make a junkie out of you, you would be willing to do what they wanted." Some prisoners said only a few men smoked the weed, but Pvt. Willie J. Rudd of Los Angeles told newsmen that at one time in his camp the Reds isolated 50 prison- ers in a special narcotics ward. Pvt. Godfrey Jones of Scarboro, W. Va., likened the weed to hash- ish or East Indian hemp smoked in many Oriental countries for its intoxicating effects. Dixon said the weed reacted on its users like a drink. "It seemed to make them feel Rudd declared. Dixon said the prisoners were forced to submit to indoctrination but added, "Communism No Big Guns For Ike in Denver DENVER Eisen- hower was accorded military hon- ors when he landed at Lowry Air Force Base this afternoon to begin his Colorado vacation, but there was no 21-gun salute. Claim Made in Surprise Talk to Russ Parliament Red Premier Boasts New Budget Provides Power to Crush Enemies MOSCOW (fP) Russia announced today she has the hydrogen bomb. The reason, the public mforma-j Soviet premier Qeorgi Malenkov made the statement tion officer explained to newsmen, jn a surprise appearance before a joint session of the Su- is that there are no big guns Soviet He declared: the base suitable for firing a sa-j "The United States no longer has monopoly of the lute. He was given a hand salute! hydrogen bomb." He added that the Soviet Union has now instead. U.S. Demands Reds Return All U.N. Prisoners WASHINGTON The State Department told the Communists today they must turn over to the Armistice Repatriation Commis- sion all United Nations prisoners captured during the Korean War. A department statement said any who have been given jail sen- tences are to be included. The statement, put out by Acting Secretary Walter Bedell Smith, ex- pressed grave concern over reports that the Communists may not in- tend to return "all our prisoners now in their Earlier this week, 'Gen, Mark Clark, the U. N. commander in Korea, said he thought the Reds might hold or U. S. pris- oners of war whom they have not listed for repatriation. News dispatches from Korea have told of the reported sentenc- ing of American POWs by Com- munists within the last few weeks. Today's statement said "prog- ress of the prisoner exchange is being watched very closely and ap- propriate action will be taken just as soon as definite facts are estab- lished." Officials said the "appropri- ate action" involves procedure pro- vided in the armistice agreement for making complaints of violations of the agreement. The agreement requires that all POWs including those who say they do not want to go home must be made available to their own offi- cers for interviews, Worker Gets Ride In Cement Mixer GLASTONBURY, Conn. Frederick Hale, 24, of Hartford, spent 15 minutes inside of a revolv- ing cement mixer here today and emerged with only minor injuries. Hale entered the mixer to clean it. The heavy iron barrel began to turn and he was pinned between the drum and a guard rail. His cries for help brought firemen who played a hose on the trapped man while the metal was cut away with an acetylene torch, Mink Cape Stolen ST. PAUL UP) A mink- cape was stolen from one of its mannequins, the Albrecht Fur Co. reported to police Friday. The loss was discovered shortly after a woman had spent .some ;ime trying on several such capes. Georgi Malenkov Congress Recall Justified, Thinks Atomic Scientist By FRANK CAREY WASHINGTON wi An atomic mastered its production. The statement that the Soviet Union has the hydrogen bomb and has mastered its production cama through Soviet censorship. At the same time Malenkov said there is a great public demand for talks on the highest level among the world's great powers. He said there is no reason for a collision between the Soviet Un- ion and the United States. He added that American statesmen were making a big mistake if they considered Soviet efforts toward peace were a sign of weakness or softness. He also demanded a place in the United Nations for Communist China. The Parliament approved the re- moval of Lavrenti P. Beria, the former deputy premier and minis- ter of the interior. It closed the four-day session by approving also the 1953 state budg- et calling for expenditures of 530 billion rubles with 110 billion going to the armed forces. The Soviet Union values the 'ruble at 25 cents. Malenkov told the deputies the Soviet defense though less than last for Diversionary Remark MILWAUKEE W) Senator Wiley chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said today that Premier Malenkov's statement that Russia now has the hy. drogen bomb, "may be sim- ply a diversionary remark." Seeing a convoy of singing Red North Koreans driving up the road, the Americans yelled and hooted. "We might as well sing, shall we give him a little blues, A deeper note was struck by the Turks and South Koreans, Their hatred of their captors was so intense that scores tore off their Chinese prison uniforms in spontaneous acts of defiance. Communist prisoners, too, fol- lowed the urge to shed their gar- ments, and the U. N. road from Munsan to Panmunjom was lit- tered with American Army gear- wool and cotton fatigue clothing, mess kits, toilet articles and al- scientist has the Eisenhower "would be justified in recalling Congress to consider air, defense of a totally unprecedented I. giving "a crushing blow to any ag- gressor who wants to violate the j f, vrauia wj viuian; Liic said today that if Russia f th s t socialist hydrogen bomb, President nature." I republics.' i Ike Has No Comment (President Eisenhower was in- formed immediately of the report j but had no comment. U. S. Atomic The scientist, Dr. Ralph Lapp, j Energy Commission officials de- said it should "not be too surpris- j clined to discuss the matter, ing" that the Russians had at least j (The United States has never tested a "small scale" H-bomb. said officially that it has developed Lapp, who was associated with a hydrogen bomb, which would the original Manhattan Project that I carry many times the wallop of the produced the first atomic bomb atomic bomb. The AEC has said and served later as a consultant to j there have been experiments in the Defense Department, said he is I certain thermonuclear devices, not now associatad with the atomic I which has been taken to mean that project but is a close observer of work has been done on hydrogen national and international atomic I bomb-like explosives. Rumors of a affairs. "The United States successful H-bomb explosion fol- scientists lowed a series of tests last year were two and a half years off in I fa a Pacific island group.) their Calculation about when Rus-1 Malenkov was given a rousing sia would produce an he said, adding: "Therefore it would not be too reception. Dressed in a khaki tunic buttoned up to his neck, he spoke ........._ ____ _. quietly but quickly from a pre- surprising if Russia may now have j pared text, or at least have conducted small i He brought cheers from the scale tests to verify the principles I deputies with the assertion: of the H-bomb. I "Tne United States no longer has "But even such small scale tests j the monopoly of the hydrogen would mean a large explosion be- bomb." cause an A-bomb would be needed as a trigger for the hydrogen ma- terial." Pie said Soviet Premier Malen- kov may have made his an- Malenkov made a direct refer- ence to the ousting of Lavrenti P. Beria as deputy premier and minister of the interior. He said it was shortsighted to think that nouncement that Russia has per- the case of Bena showed any weak- fected an H-bomb "in order m the Sovlet state. Malen- beat the United States to the pro- i kov sald that to nave exposed and paganda punch of announcing it I rendered harmless a master agent The VFW announced that the most everything else issued to the sullen Reds. Poverty-stricken Korean civil- ians scavenged the gear. Even When One Golfer visited another, Ben Hogan had no club to work with as he demon- strated his grip to President Eisenhower at the White House today. Mrs. Hogan joined in the laughter as the President offered Hogan a letter opener as a substitute. Fresh from his British Open win to add to the Masters and National Open titles in this country, Hogan is in Washing- ton for exhibitions at a nearby Virginia course. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) before the United States could de- tect evidence of it." The scientist said it would take j about four days from the time of a small scale hydrogen explosion in Russia for the United States to .detect that an actual explosion had taken place. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and cool tonight. Sunday fair and a Kttle warmer. Low, tonight 58, high Sunday 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observation for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 75; minimum, 60; noon, 69; precipitation, 03; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (N6. Central Observations) Max. temp. 74 at noon yesterday. Low 62 at a.m. today. There are two layers of clouds, a broken layer at and an overcast at Other noon readings: Temptrature, 67; wind from -the northwest at three miles per hour; barometer rising slowly at 30.11 and the humidity 75 per cent. of imperialism was a demonstra- tion of internal strength. Certain Relaxation Malenkov once again declared the Soviet Union adheres to the principle that there are no out- standing controversial questions that cannot be solved by peaceful negotia tion between interested states including Soviet Ameri- can -problems. The Soviet Premier said that after many years there is now felt a certain relaxation in the atmos- phere of international affairs. But, he declared, there are forces which put stakes in war and follow a strategy of cold war and atomic blackmail. Malenkov termed- the 'North At- lantic bloc the main danger to world peace and assailed what he called a United States policy of atomic blackmail. Scientist Surprised If Reds Have Bomb CHICAGO Chicago atomic scientist who helped develop the world's first nuclear reaction said today he would be a "bit surprised" (Continued on Page ID, Column S) H-BOMB
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