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   Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - August 7, 1953, Winona, Minnesota                              Fair, Cooler Tonight and Saturday Receive Your Paper At Your Vacation 3321 VOLUME 53, NO. 145 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST, 7, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Warrant Officer Dwjght E. Cox of Fresno, Calif., who was among the first Americans li- berated in "Operation Switch" smiled as a Korean barber at an Inchon, Korea, processing station tackles the heavy growth of whiskers he acquired fr. while a prisoner of the Communists. In the pic- ture at the right he grinned broadly as he finger- ed his mustache, something to show the folks back home. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) 2 State Men Get 10 Years in Prison FERGUS FALLS, Minn, l-B District Judge Rol E. Barren Thursday sentenced two men to serve maximum terms of 10 years in the Stillwater prison. John Edward Deutsch Jr., 24, Ashby, was sentenced on a grand larceny charge growing out of theft of S2.228 in cash from the Park Region Bakery here in June, 1952. Arthur E. Kerner, 26, 451 N. Fairchild, St. Paul, was sentenced on a third degree burglary charge in connection with theft of sporting goods from a Perham store. Kerner is Deutsch's brother-in- law. Both men Have previous con- victions. John Deutsch Sr., farmer near Ashby, was given a suspended sentence on a charge of receiving stolen property. TODAY Churchill Must Ease Up on Job By STEWART ALSO? LONDON in the 81 More American POWs Released By MILO FARNETI PANMUNJOM (tf) A healthier group of 394 Allied war prisoners came out of Communist captivity today and added to mushrooming reports the Reds are holding back some POWs including perhaps to Americans. Eighty-one Americans were among the group released today under a brilliant sun at this wayside village in the third day of the Ko- rean war prisoner exchange "Operation Big Although the Reds had promised 400, an unofficial count showed six South Koreans missing from the scheduled 250. There was no im- mediate explanation. The Reds also sent back 25 Brit- ish, 25 Turks, 12 Filipinos and 7 Colombians. They said the next group, sched- uled for 9 a. m. Saturday (7 p. m. Friday, would include 90 Americans, 250 South Koreans, 35 Turks and 25 British. That will bring the total of Amer- icans released to 311, still only best positions to judge do not believe that Sir Winston Ctiurchffi will ever again be able to assume bare fraction of the the Reds have promised to return. One-Sided Exchange In all, the Allies are handing over Reds for Allied POWs. The U. N. Command sent back Communists Friday, a quieter and better-behaved group than those of the first two days, who ranted wildly in last-minute shows of defiance. They still sang and chanted, but they were more re- strained and did not attack U. N has been rnuch speculation about Church- ill's illness, ranging from reports that it was wholly to circumstantial accounts of to- tal paralysis. The facts are these. In the last week of June Church- ill suffered a stroke, caused by a partially blocked artery which re- sulted in an interference of the blood supply to the brain. The stroke was relatively mild; there was little loss of movement and the marvelous Churchillian intel- t 'nfbtn personnel as they -did earlier. The Allied repatriates, wearing faded blue Chinese uniforms, ap peared in much better condition mentally and physically than the sick and weary men released the first two days. Even so, some were ill and needed medical care. The Reds, showing eagerness for the first time, started the ex- change at a. m., five minutes ahead of time. The Americans laughed as they climbed from the Red trucks and jokes cracked from man to man. lect was left unimpaired. Even so, j They waved and smiled and yelled Je n (1 trio 4-n because of Churchill's age, the doc- tors took an extremely serious view of what had happened, and believed, at best, that Churchill would be a semi-invalid confined to a wheel chair for a long time. Asked Full Report to correspondents awaiting them. When the trucks .stopped, they jumped quickly to the ground, grinning. ROKs Worn and Sick The South Koreans appeared more worn and sick. Some were They were reckoning, however, masked with gauze, for lung dis- without Sir Winston Churchill. He eases. Others were gaunt and thin, immediately demanded what all Some had to be helped from trucks, doctors hate to clear and I However, an ominous fear simple explanation of what was He then proceeded to pre- wrong. scribe for himself an unconven- blurred the happiness of the pres- ent exchange as reports grew that the Reds may be holding out thous- ands of POWs, many of them Am- their bleak Northern tional course of treatment, de- signed to restore his circulation. I ericans, in To the astonishment of the doctors, j -stockades. he was able very soon to leave his Returning prisoners have told of wheel chair. He now walks about, j u. S. officers being sentenced for although for brief periods and with "instigation against peace." In Washington, some difficulty. In short, he has made a near-miraculous recovery. But the facts remain. Churchill is nearing 80. A man of that age who has had one stroke is always in danger of another, especially when subjected to phy- sical and nervous strain. The strain of the British premiership is second only to that of the Amer- ican presidency. This is why those close to the situation doubt wheth- er Churchill, however magnificent his courage and tough his const! Gen. Mark W. Clark, U. N. Far East commander, told a news conference there is evidence the Reds hold from to more Americans than the they listed for return. He also said "thousands and thousands" of South Koreans are unaccounted for. Clark said Washington instructed him to sign the armistice but re- serving the right to press for in- formation about additional captives in later proceedings. Clark said the U. N. Command The decision of course rests Reds to with Churchill-and he has appar- 5oon to Ref're ently not confided his intentions even to his intimates. He has made clear his determination, however, that Foreign Minister Anthony Ed- en should be his successor. De- spite much speculation that Chan- cellor of the Exchequer R. A. But- ler (whose star has been rising steadily) may succeed Churchill, there is not much doubt that Churchill will have his way. In England, such matters are decided by a small inner circle He said that if the Reds break the truce he would favor using "any and every weapon" to re- taliate. He did not specifically mention atomic weapons, but pre- sumably his statement would cov- er them. Clark, who is soon to retire as U. N. commander, is in the United States on a brief visit from his Tokyo headquarters. The Reds have often said the figures they gave are correct. They of leaders! In this case, the inner i said, however, that not all Allied POWs have been screened (Continued on Page 5, Column 6.) to see if they desire to return ALSOPS home. Red Tanks Keep Eye on Factories In East Germany BERLIN Army tanks today were reported ringing many East German factories to deal with possible outbreaks of the re- bellious population. The report was published in the U. S. State Department newspaper Neue Zeitung as East Germans coming to West Berlin for the Am- erican-backed food handout report- ed new sporadic unrest in the Rus- sian zone. Neue Zeituag said the Red tanks, first called out to quell the June 17 rebellion, had been stationed around "numerous big East zone factories." There was no indication, however, that violence had devel- oped at any of these potential trou- ble spots. With the crumbling of their trav- el blockade against the food seek- ers, the Communist police mean- while intensified their confiscation drives to strip thousands of East Germans of the food they collected in West Berlin. Reinforced cordons of Commu- nist "People's Police" surrounding Berlin snatched the food parcels on trains and railway stations and plundered people who used pedes- trian crossing back to the Russian zone. Despite the new terror, thousands more East Germans and East Ber- liners lined up in the food queues for the 12th day of the give- way. Thursday parcels were distributed, boosting the 11-day total to House to Delay Probe of Korean War Atrocities Fear Reprisals On American POWs Still Held by Reds By RUSSELL BRINES WASHINGTON Chairman Short (R-Mo) said today the House Armed Services Committee has decided against making any im- mediate investigation of reported Communist atrocities against American prisoners in the Korean War. It might bring reprisals on Americans still in Red hands, Short said in an interview. He made the statement as de- mands were voiced by some other members of Congress for investi- gation of atrocity stories brought back by the latest Americans to come home from Red prison camps this week. Fresh Evidenct Rep. Machrowicz (R-Mich) called for such a probe. He said in a separate interview it should be. conducted "just as soon as pos- sible, while the evidence is fresh." Machrowicz also endorsed a de- mand, voiced Wednesday, by Sen. Potter for a Senate Armed Services Committee inves- tigation of evidence that the Reds apparently held back seriously ill prisoners last April, when they were supposed to exchange them. But Sen. Ferguson a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, expressed doubt that a congressional inves- tigation would be worthwhile. "It is terrible and dreadful he said, urging that the Eisenhower administration make "all the facts" known to the world. Gen. Mark Clark, United Nations Far East Commander, said in a Pentagon news conference yester- day the Reds may have or more Americans than the they have agreed to free. Latest casualty reports list Americans as missing in action, some of whom are believed to have been captured. Unbelievable Ferguson said reports of the emaciated condition of the United Nations prisoners freed this week are "unbelievable" and "dread- ful." He accused the Communists of bad faith in their handling of the April exchange of sick and wound- ed, and expressed grave concern whether the Reds could be trusted in the forthcoming Korea peace I conference. An attempt last January to set up a special House committee to investigate Korean atrocities was shelved when the Pentagon ad- vised Republican leaders that it might endanger American captives. Detective Leon Sweitier said Mrs. Sally Vaughan, above, 43-year-old Chicago mother of 11 children, admitted she paid for the hammer slaying of her divorced husband, Charles Vaughan, 54. Vaughan was found fatally beaten, his skull smashed by a heavy hammer, in his Chicago north side room. Wednesday. Sweitzer said Mrs.., Vaughan told him she offered the money to Samuel Wager, 20, a soldier at Ft. Benning, Ga., who was seized at the Army camp Thursday night and held on a warrant charg- ing murder. Mrs. Vaughan is being held without charge. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) ree s dorrs' Side, Ike Pledges Circus Delayed 2 Hours Near Eyofa ROCHESTER, Minn. (Si The third section of the Ringling Bros., Barnum and Bailey Circus train was delayed about two hours early today when trucks carrying the grandstand shifted when the train made an emergency stop near Eyota, 10 miles east of Rochester. The circus train was backing toward a siding to allow a pas- senger train to clear when the conductor feared the switch had not been thrown. He pulled the emergency stop cord and the joll shifted the trucks, carried on flat- cars. The delay was needed to put the trucks back in their proper places. The trains passed through Wi- nona this morning after showing at La Crosse Thursday. Plane Crash Near Rosemount ROSEMOUNT, Minn, Minne- sota's second air crash within six days brought death to two airline employes near here late Thursday. Victims were John C. Bayer, 18, and Ralph G. Schewe, 20, both of Minneapolis. The ship Schewe was reported to have purchased only three weeks ago was_ demolished when it" plummeted into a corn- field. The wreckage did not catch fire. Bayer was a flight steward and Schewe a ramp attendant for North Central Airlines. Both lived in Minneapolis, Schewe having rec- ently moved here from Springfield, Minn. Four Cedar Rapids, Iowa, fish- ermen flying home from. Bemidji were killed near Anofca when their plane crashed into a grove of trees on Sunday. Ike to Sign Bill Admitting WASHINGTON BI President Eisenhower signs legislation to- day to allow refugees, or- phans other aliens to enter the United States in the next three years above regular immigrant quotas. The new law, urged by the Pres- ident as a cold war weapon against the Communists, was passed short- ly before Congress adjourned and only after a long and bitter fight. It falls somewhat short of the leg- islation originally requested by Eisenhower for admission of 000 during two years. The largest number of visas is allotted to persons who have es- caped or been, expelled from be- hind the Iron Curtain and have streaked into Western Germany or Western Austria. These are divided into two groups. One is made up of persons of German ethnic origin who were born in Russia or her European satellites, but forced out. Other persons who have escaped from these areas compose the second group. The new law authorizes the ad- mission of German expel- lees and escapees residing in Western Germany or Austria. It also permits the entry of escapees residing in North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) na- tions, or in Sweden, Iran or the free territory of Trieste. The law earmarks visas for Italian refugees, Italians, Greeks and Dutch who, even though they may not be ref- ugees, have close relatives living in this country. The new law also sets aside visas for former members of the Polish armed forces who are re- siding in the British Isles; for Chinese refugees whose pass- ports are ehdorsed by the Chinese Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek; for non-Asiatic ref- ugees in the Far East; 'for Asiatic refugees in the Far Ea.st; for Arab refugees, and for orphans under 10 years of age from any place in the world. In addition, refugees who entered this country prior to July 1, 1953, on temporary visas may be granted permanent residence. State Gl Wounded Day Before Armistice Dies FERGUS FALLS, Minn. UP) A Fergus Falls soldier, Pfc. Gay- lord D. Melvold, who was wounded the day before the armistice was signed in Korea, died the following day. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Thom- as Melvold, farmers near here, iave just received word of his death. He was their only son. The New Paris short-length skirt was worn to advantage by movie actress Anne Baxter on her arrivial Thursday at Idlewild Airport in New York City from a European trip. The screen star's outfit, a Chris- tian Dior creation, is a dark grey wool suit with the de- signer's new "just-below-knee" skirt length. Asked whether other women will take to the new style. Miss Baxter re- plied that it "depends on what their legs look like." (AP Wirephoto) Four Hungry U. S. prisoners of war, freed at Panmunjom in "Operation Big enjoyed their first American chow since being captured by the Reds. They are, clockwise, Sgt. Junior E. Dunlap of West Virginia; Pvt. James Gatlin of North Carolina; Pvt. William Bullock of New York, and Pvt. Clair Follweiler of Pennsylvania. A FEW PREFER IT Communist Brutality Evidence Mounting By JIM BECKER and STAN CARTER FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea UP) Two American soldiers fresh from, a North Korean prison camp said today about seven fellow Americans had refused repatriation, preferring to live under Com- munism. Other liberated Americans added to the mounting evidence of Communist brutality and disregard for human life. They told of mass burials, trials for "instigating against the peace" and relentless propaganda lectures by fellow Americans. Pvt. Steve Glowacki, 22, of 274 Franklin St., Brooklyn, New York, and Pfc. Thomas R. Murray of Bal- timore, both said the Americans who turned down a chance to go home were at the Pyoktong camp near the -Manchurian border. "They were the biggest 'progres- sives' in Murray said, re- ferring to the term Allied prison- ers use for POWs who had been indoctrinated. Having a Party "They were having a party when we Glowacki said. "I didn't associate with them." A liberated South Korean said many of his countrymen had been frightened into staying in the even as they were within short miles of free- dom. He said the Reds told South Ko- reans POWs they would be shot by ROK troops if they returned to their homes. The South Korean, Pfc. Park Young Ho, 27, said the Red propa- ganda continued even as the ROK prisoners were being moved to fvaesong for repatriation. F_ive or six South Koreans, he said, re- 'used repatriation at the last min- ute. Fewer ROKs An American officer at the near- by South Korean processing center said only 244 ROKs were delivered ;oday, although the Communists lad promised to return 250. Another American who was held at the Pyoktong camp said "close ;o Americans, British and other U. N. troops were buried in shallow graves during the winter and spring of 1951. There are no markers at Sgt I. C. Junior E. Dunlap, 24, of W. Va., said. "We buried them on the North Korean side of the Yalu River on a hill. Some we buried at the edge of the water because we were too weak to carry them up the hill. We only got some of them halfway covered. The ground was frozen, and we were too weak to dig. We aid them up against an embank- ment and scraped dirt and stones over them." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and pleasantly cool tonight and Satur- day. Low tonight 56, high Saturday LOCAL WEATHER Actor-Singer Dick Haymes, right, walked to a conference room at the Immigration Service office in Los Angeles after his arrest for deportation to his native Argentina. At- torney General Brownell in Washington said that Haymes faced the deportation because during World War II he applied for exemption from military service on the basis that he was a citizen of a. neutral na- tion. He is flanked by news- men and Immigration Service men. (AP Wirephoto) Crooner Haymes Awaits Hearing On Deportation LOS ANGELES Dick Haymes today awaits a hear- ing in about two weeks that may mean deportation to his native Ar- gentina. Immigration officials arrested the 34-year-old singer yesterday on a charge of entering the United 'Good Start' Claimed for Administration Promises Honest, Efficient Regime In Washington By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL WASHINGTON President Eisenhower staked out a claim today that his administration has made "a good start" toward build- ing an honest, efficient regime at home while exerting its power in the cause of world peace. But Eisenhower conceded that his administration has by no means "seen and conquered all the problems of our nation" in its first six moDths. In an all-network radio address to the American public last night, the chief executive declared thii to be his "single, supreme pur- "To serve and to strengthen our people, all our people, in their faith in freedom and in their quest of peace; and to strengthen all peoples who share with us that faith and that quest." It was a let's-take-a-look-at-the- record address, much of it already- said before but brought up to and keyed to last Monday'i ad- journment of Congress. In it, he mentioned an even dozen actions by such items as revised programs for defense and aid to allies, admission of refugees, lift- ing of economic controls, extension of needed if "onerous" taxes. Even though the executive and legislative branches have had their differences, Eisenhower said, good will between them has been built up rapidly and firmly. Cites Western Unity Overseas, he said, there been thg fostering of Western unity, U. S. food shipments for rebellious East Germans, and a Korea truce in which "two precious victories" have been, gained: An opportunity has been won, he said, to demonstrate that free people can build in peace as bold- ly as they fight in war. And, in an apparent warning to Russia not to start anything elsewhere, he said Korea has shown "that the collec- tive resolve of the free world can and will meet aggression in or anywhere in the world." What it all adds up to, the chiel executive, said, is "only a little more than a beginning." And it was with caution and concern that j he peered into a future he said- is still filled with trial and hazard, I In effect, if not actual intent, the speech was a comeback at those Democrats who have been saying the administration record is far from impressive up to now. House Democratic Leader Sara Rayburn of Texas said only yes- terday that the only 1952 campaign promise the GOP has kept that of "hard have "made it harder to get." Immediate reaction to the Eisen- hower address was almost entirely lacking among members of Con- gress, Many have gone home. Sev- eral senators said they had not tuned in. Some who listened de- clined to comment. Sen. Ferguson (R-Mich) did call the speech "a pretty good job and a good review of legislation passed." He said it showed that "The foundation has been laid for better things to come in the next session." Silent on Somt ISIUM Eisenhower did not touch on some of the legislation be request- ed, such as Hawaiian statehood and a postage rate boost, which Congress put off at least until its next session. Nor did he discuss an administration-backed resolu- tion, buried by Congress, to con- demn Russia for enslaving free peoples in violation of Big Power pacts. He did say recommendations will be ready, when Congress comes back, for putting 10% mil- lion more people wider social'se- curity, for revising the Taft-Hart- States illegally last June 1 after a Honolulu 'sojourn with his new- _________ Official" observationV'for the 24 est heart interest, actress Rita jours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 85; minimum, 58; noon, 74; precipitation, .38; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Maximum temp. 78 at noon Thursday; low at a.m. today, 59. Two broken layers of clouds at and feet; visibility 15 miles; noon temp. 75. Wind from the west at 10 miles per hour. Barometer steady at 29.98 and hu- midity 59 per cent. Hayworth. Haymes posted a surety bond pending the hearing. He said the arrest was just a technicality and expressed belief it could be straightened out. The McCarran Immigration Act, adopted last year, provides that an alien who leaves continental Uni- ted States may not re-enter. Herman R. Landon, District di- rector of the U. S. Immigration Service, said it would take an act of Congress for the crooner to be- come a citizen. ley labor relations law, and for overhauling the tax structure. There was a hint of a special session in a reference to "the pos- sibility of our having to raise" the limit on the nation debt "later this year." He blamed the Truman administration for "the weight of obligations made two and three years ago." While his administration delayed lowering or removing taxes, the chief executive said, "We did not delay in cutting deep into govern- mental expenditures.' He said. and Congress, Eisenhower teamed up in cutting the Truman budget by nearly 13 billion dollars.   

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