Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 29, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Thursday; Cooler Tonight. No Game Tonight Chiefs-Mankato Postponed VOLUME 53, NO. 137 SIX CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 29, 1953 rrest Germans Getting Food Taft Weaker, Family Near NEW YORK family of Sen. Robert A. Taft was gathered here today after his condition suddenly took a turn for the worse. A New York Hospital bulletin last night reported the Senate ma- jority leader was "generally weaker" and that his condition was "un- satisfactory A later announcement said he was "resting a little more I He was reported not I to be suffering any pain. TODAY Satellite Hatred Intense By STEWART ALSOP VIENNA A sullen, numb, yet ferocious hatred for the Soviet pup- pet regimes 'is now unquestionably the chief political characteristic of all the satellite states. In trying to understand the real meaning of this phenomenon of mass hatred, two facts are important. First, short of a war, there can be no really effective, organized, centrally directed resistance move- ment in the satellites, as long as the Red army supplies the Soviet and satellite police apparatus with the essential ingredient of naked In Czechoslovakia, there been no less than 48 Yesterday was the first day of serious reports on the 63-year-old Ohio Republican, who has been at the hospital for several weeks for treatment of a hip lesion. His wife Martha was brought to his bedside yesterday for her first visit to him since he entered the hospital. The day also marked the first time the hospital had issued more than one bulletin on his con- dition. Besides Mrs. Taft, the senator was visited by two of their sons, Lloyd- and Robert Jr., yesterday and last night. A third son, William Hoard Taft III, American ambassador to Ire- land, said in Dublin last night that the last word he had was a tele- phone call from a brother Sunday saying the senator was improving. The ambassador said that in any event he did not intend to return to the United States until he had later news today. Taft's sudden turn for the worse stirred speculation in Washington concerning changes in the national political scene if his illness should force him out of the Senate per- manently. It could mean that the Demo- force. have ___ attempts to organize a national resistance movement. All have although reported reluctant been More to do so at present, would wind up 4. in controj of the Senate. Gov. Frank J. Lausche of Ohio is a Democrat and would be considered likely to name a Democrat to fill the spot. This would shift a GOP majority of one to a Democratic majority of one. Hospital bulletins so far have giv- en no clue to Taft's ailment. On July 8 he underwent an exploratory operation. Since then the hospital than ten similar attempts in Hun- gary have met the same fate. There is now no organized resist- ance movement anywhere in the Soviet empire (except possibly in The revolts in Eastern Germany, the riots in Pilsen and Eastern Slovakia, the peasant resistance in Hungary, have all been genuinely 13 [JU r- t. 1 t-M W-1V" sponses to specific internal events buUetins reflected optimism and it -the increase in work norms in announced he would return to Germany, currency reform in...... Czechoslovakia' reform of the Washington todav. On Monday, however, the hospital said he would -r-- remain here indefinitely. agricultural collectives m Hun- gary. Some Secret Cells In the German factories, to be jn Korea Gets sure, secret cells did exist, pat- terned after the Communists' own secret cell system. These cells pro- vided the leadership for the re- volts in the Soviet zone. Yet they lacked any concerted plan, any arms, or any central direction, oth- er than that provided by RIAS, the American radio station in Ber- lin. Secret cells also undoubtedly exist in other satellite factories. But as in Germany, such indiv- 52 Letters in Day WITH U. S. 45TH DIVISION, Korea Walter Puhl com- plained for a month and a half because he received no mail. Defense Budget Set in Congress At Billion Approval Indicated Before Congress Quits This Weekend By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON leaders driving for adjournment this weekend ticketed for quick ap- proval in the House and Senate to- day the biggest money bill of the session, a defense budget of The figure was a compromise reached late yesterday by a Senate- House conference committee which ironed out some 50 differences in versions of the bill passed earlier by the two branches. The group accomplished the rare congressional feat of agreeing to a total that was about 62Vi million dollars below that originally voted by the House and nearly 140 mil- lions less than voted by the Senate. The usual practice is to arrive at a figure between the two. Final Action Final action was planned today, first by the House and then by the f 2nate, to send the bill to the White House. The total it carries is about billion dollars less than Presi- dent Eisenhower asked and more than six billions below the budget recommendations of former Presi- dent Truman. I the 13 regular money bills Congress must pass to run the government in the fiscal year which started July 1 are still in Congress. Eight have been sent to the White House of them yesterday, carry- ing funds for the Labor and Wel- fare departments, for a score of non-departmental agencies, and for the District of Columbia. Three of the money bills have not yet passed the Senate; the re- iraining ones are in the process of being compromised. Still to pass the Senate are appropriations for foreign aid, slated for action today, for Congress itself, and for a num- ber of miscellaneous agencies in- cluding the Voice of America and j Civil Defense. Foreign Aid Bill The foreign aid bill was slated to follow Senate action on an emer- gency immigration measure, on the administration's "must" list. The House passed its version last night. Reds Charge 8 Truce Violations Driver Fritz Koch held aloft a package of American flour on reaching West Berlin today with the first truckload of American relief food after Communist guards delayed the vehicle at both ends of the Red-encircled city's highway link to the West. The truck was bringing the food from the U.S. freighter American Inventor at Hamburg. Uniformed man at the right is unidentified. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) idual unarmed, and fragmented j They averaged 10 pages each, resistance groups can be quickly B and easily crushed by the Red army. The second fact follows from Voted On Refugees the first. As long as the Red army i 3 holds Eastern Europe, the satel The 120th Engineer Combat Bat-j Two other measures being talion sign painter from Wyandotte, pressed by the administration are Mich., quit griping this week. stymied in conference committee Fifty-two letters arrived one day. thus far unable to agree on resolv- Most were frorn his wife, Delores. j ing Senate-House differences. They extension of the Reciprocal Trade Act and a measure to pro- vide for development of mineral resources in the continental shelf. One possible obstacle to early ad- journment, a bill to hike postal How House Members lite states continue to con- tribute very importantly to the So- viet war potential. After the war, the Soviets embarked on a pro- gram of ruthless satellite in- dustrialization and exploitation. In cold hard terms of guns and steel, this program has paid off hand- somely. By 1952, the Soviets had whipped the "satellites into nearly doubling steel best index of heavy industrial pre- war." By 1955, the Kremlin's plan calls for almost tripling satellite steel output. For purposes of com- parison. Western Germany, where economic recovery had been so marked, has just this year suc- ceeded in equaling the steel pro- duced in the same area in 1936. Russia Benefits Most of the end products of this extraordinary ly of course, to Soviet Union. To meet the Kremlin's demands, the satellite pro-consuls have been forced to ex- polit their labor force in a manner to bring a blush to the cheek of the most hard-hearted 19th century industrialist. The Kremlin has thus, as it were, paid for guns with haired. While the Red army holds East- ern Europe, the Kremlin can make the bargain stick. But the price is certainly a heavy one. Although there are now no effective resist- ance movements in Eastern Eur- ope, the human material for such movements certainly exists. In the event of in the unlikely event that the United States de- cides on a preventive showdown with the Soviet human material could certainly be used. The Soviets themselves are clearly aware of this possibility, as their constant outcry about "imperialist provocateurs" sug- gests. Moreover, the Soviets must now also be aware that their satel- lite "peoples' armies" are doubt- fully loyal. Since whole battalions of the German satellite army re- fused to leave their barracks in the June uprisings, there have been strong indications that the Kremlin has abandoned its plans (Continued on Page 7, Column 5) ALSO PS WASHINGTON 1.7) Here is howl rates, was shelved yesterday by Northwest represenfatives voted the House Postoffice Committee. Tuesday as the House passed a bill; Postmaster General Summerfield to admit refugees to the I termed the action "regrettable" United States: i and voiced hope for early action Minnesota: For Mc-j when Congress returns in January. Carthy, Marshall, Wier. In its present form the defense Andersen, Andresen. Hagen. Not listed Blatnik, O'hara. Wisconsin: For Kersten, Za- blocki. Against Byrnes, Davis, Laird, O'Konski, Smith, Van Pelt, Withrow. money bill carries more than 11 billions for the Air Force, nearly 13 billions for the Army, about 9% billions for the Navy and Marines and about 770 millions for the office of the secretary of defense. Armies Withdraw Before Deadline By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN SEOUL withdrawal of two mighty armies from the Ko- rean demilitarized zone continued smoothly today as the Thursday night deadline approached. Enemies a few days ago, Allied and Communist troops worked within shouting distance of each other, salvaging material and wrecking fortifications that took months, sometimes years, to build. Although Allied troops were warned by the 8th Army against fraternization with the Reds, there were reports of friendly contacts all aiong the war-shattered front. Under terms of the armistice signed Monday, both sides arc to have pulled back V-A miles each from the truce line by 10 p. m. Thursday (8 a. m. days after the cease-fire. "It took us two years to build this one American officer re- marked, "now we've got to tear down in 72 hours millions of dollars Britain Still Pressing for 'Big 4' Meet LONDON Uf> Prime Minister Churchill's top deputies told Par- liament today Britain still wants high level 4-power talks with Rus- sia Thev denied this conflicts with sid. j.ney uemeu to salvage all possinie equipment administration views in Washing-1 from the intrjcate system of forti- ton. fications strung across the 150-mile Addressing the House of mons on behalf of the ailing I One of the toughest tasks was to Churchill, acting Prime Minister remove 12-inch beams used in Richard A. Butler said "we have I achieved unity of aim and policy, thjs country_ on behalf of the three Western j The Rfids, job puumg back was governments supported by the iess complicated, NATO governments and Western The Reds had dug a system of Germany i defenses mostly underground. Al- He said Britain, France and the j lied the Commu- United States had invited the viet government to a Foreign Min- i al nn German unitv i of fortifications." Allied forces were under orders all at the entrances to make them use- and an Austrian treaty and a reply is being awaited. "In any he added, Search Buffer Strip Communist and Allied work par- the i ties searched the buffer strip for ill O.11J uuuvu, -fj f possibility of high level conference bodies and graves. Before tne is not excluded and would be wel-1 search is ended, it was certain that corned by the British government." some names on the list of missing would be removed. Hungry Throngs Continue to Surge to West Harassed Communists Trying to Halt U. S. Relief Program BERLIN Communist police arrested scores of East Germans who accepted gifts of Western food today but they failed to check the hungry throngs surging through the Iron Curtain. The biggest crowds yet jammed West Berlin's food relief centers on the third day of the big Ameri- can-financed relief program which has put the spotlight on food short- ages in the restive Soviet occupa- tion zone. Those arrested were released a short time later. Their food wasj not confiscated but in many cases I identity in the Eastj taken away. The Communists also harassed but did not halt the movement of food to West Berlin by truck. Other food arrived by plane. Officials estimated food Force decided today to tell packages would be given away j college juniors in its Reserve Of- today in addition to the ficers Training Corps that they will already handed out in the first be'dropped from ROTC unless they By SAM'SUMMERLIN MUNSAN Communists today charged the Allies with eight violations of the two-day-old Ko- rean armistice allegations promptly labeled by the Allies as minor and lacking information. The Reds made the charges at today's second meeting of the joint Korean Armistice Commission. They asserted three aircraft flew over the demilitarized buffer zone, and that four artillery rounds and one burst of three machine-gun bullets were fired after the cease-' fire became effective. U. S. Maj. Gen. Blackshear M. Bryan, chief Allied commissioner, disclosed after today's 1-hour, 2- minute meeting that the charges were lodged by his Communist counterpart, North Korean Lt. Gen. Lee Sang Cho. The commission recessed until 11 a, m. Thurs- day. "We were accused this morn- Bryan said. "These were allegations, broad- and general, and nothing serious. None have been substantiated." Information Asked He added that be had "asked for additional information on which to base further action." Bryan disclosed also that he had asked that 'the huge exchange of war prisoners begin Sunday, rather than on Aug. 5 as agreed upon yesterday, but that the Reds could not advance the date. "I am sorely said. More than including to be exchanged through Panmunjom, within 60 days. About North. ________ Koreans and Chinese refusing to The first truckload of American! lege men in vital categories en- return to Red rule will be brought, food crossed the Soviet zone and I gineers was the only example cit- j j0 camps within the buffer zone Air Force Clamps Down On Students WASHINGTON Wl The Air two days. First Truckload j take flight training. An additional third year col- finally reached West Berlin after Communist border guards delayed it at both ends of the isolated city's highway link to the West. The food truck's driver, Fritz Koch, said Communist police had held him up two and a half hours at the western entrance to the highway through the Soviet gon news conference, and another four and a quarter "--1- ed will be continued in the pro- gram and commissioned next year. But for all others in the Air ROTC, it will be: Take flight training or get out. John A. Hannah, Assistant Sec- retary of Defense for manpower, announced the decision at a Penta- hours at Babelsbcrg. At each place he and his teenaged son had to unload nearly 200 cartons of flour for Communist police inspection and then reload them. Koch said 300 more tons were ready to follow quickly by truck if his got through. He suggested that for future shipments the He also said that all of the ROTC graduates who were com- missioned last month will be called to active duty in three installments starting Oct. 1. One third of the new class will begin active duty on that date, another group of the and their fate decided later. Bryan said.the joint truce ob- server teams which will police the 2'A-mile-wide buffer zone across Korea's -scarred waist "probably will start work tomorrow morn- ing." Armies of each side are with- drawing miles on each side of the cease-fire line to create the zone. The withdrawal must be completed by 10 p. m. Thursday. Reports from the front indicated the withdrawal was proceeding smoothly. Bryan said that the neutral na- In order make room in the trucks should be seated and mark-1 Air Force for the new second heu- ed as international shipments! tenants Hannah said the Defense Department has approved policies which will make it easier for both through the free port of Hamburg. Air Shipment Meanwhile, the first air ship- ment of American relief food ar- rived in Berlin this morning. It consisted of pounds aboard a regular Pan-American plane from Hamburg. The food was the first delivery of a 15 million dollar stock being sent by the United States to replenish West Berlin's emergency food stocks now being depleted by free distributions to the hungry East Germans. In West Berlin, meanwhile, the biggest crowds yet thronged across the Iron Curtain border for the third day of the distribution of free food parcels. Stepping up efforts to stem the rush for free Western food, the So- viet zone radio implied today that East Germans getting the food faced arrest as spies. It broadcast hourly the names and addresses of food recipients. And it charged they were being recruited as fu- ture agents by Western espionage experts. The intent of the radio name- calling was warn East Germans they risk arrest as West- tern agents if they persist in corn- ing to the West for aid. But the trek of the hungry con- tinued on a massive scale. Long lines again formed at the 40 West Although American GFs and oth- er United Nations forces were un-____ der orders to avoid the Reds, there Berlin food distribution points were reports of contacts and injfore dawn in preparation for the some cases exchange of foods, cig-' arets and souvenirs. And the Communists did not overlook the propaganda opportu- nity. On the Eastern Front, Red 8 a. m. opening. Big and Startling "It is a revolt against Commu- Robert Langford, Bismarck, N, D., president of the Boys' Nation, left foreground, praised President Eisenhower in a membership pin pre- sentation ceremony in the rose garden at the White House today. Langford said the pin "shows the trust that Boys' Nation and the youth of America place in you." (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) loudspeaker broadcasts assailed the proposed defense pact by the United States and South Korea as an effort to extend the war. A news correspondent told of an incident at Outpost Heddy on the Western Front where Chinese pre- sented him with a red and gold "peace dove" insignia inscribed with English words "We demand peace." He reported the Chinese passed! out the small emblems to Marines! working in the area. South Korean forces, who manned two-thirds of the battleline, were pulling back in orderly fashion. Allied evacuation of strategic is- lands far up both North Korean coasts also progressed smoothly. Ida Lupine's Third Husband Walks Out HOLLYWOOD tor Ida Lupine's third husband, actor Howard Duff, has left their home, and she sees little hope of reconciliation. Miss Lupino said yesterday. "He told me he wasn't cut out for marriage and didn't want to be married. This only happened in the last two days and it came as a shock to me." Married Oct. 21, 1951, they have a 14-month-old daughter, Bridget. nism as big and as startling as the June 17 one West Ber- lin official commented. same size will be called next Feb. inspection team was expected 1 and the balance next May !.__ jto begin work shortly but that no information had as yet been re- ceived on the arrival of the Polish and Czech members at Panmun- jom. regular and reserve officers now serving to resign He said additional room would njst capital, be made for the new men by a Leave for Pyongyang Peiping radio said Monday they commis- nad ]eft Red China's capital for [Pyongyang, the Korean Cornmu- process of weeding out older of ficers whose records show them to be less effective than the average. Dulles Blocks Deal With Reds On Unification WASHINGTON of State Dulles has virtually elim- inated the possibility of making a deal with the Reds for unification of Korea. Instead, he appeared to be shap- ing a policy similar to that of the West towards to principles, counting on the attraction exerted by the free world on Communist satellites, and constantly keeping open the possi- bility of unification. As applied to the Korean situa- j ed agreement on marking tion, such a policy contemplates f e, bcredentials. aircraft All Swiss members and some Swedish members arrived in Mun- san today and Maj. Gen. Sven Grafstrom, head of the Swedish: team, said the neutral inspection teams would be ready to start work soon. He said a meeting with Polish and Czech members will be held in Panmunjom within a few days. The final swap in the compli- cated signing of the Korean armi- stice documents took place at Pan- munjom today. The documents were first signed in the Oriental-style hall here Monday by senior truce negotia- tors from each-side. Half of the 18 copies were taken to Munsan for the signature of Gen. Mark W. Clark and half to North Korea for the signatures the Red high commanders. Next, the documents had to be swapped again so the top com- manders could sign the set already bearing the other side's signatures. In today's armistice commission conference, the Allies presented the Reds a proposal for civil shipping on the Han River Estu- ary. The U, N. also turned over failure of the forthcoming political conference to achieve Korean uni- fication. Thus it sharpens the problem of what to do about South Korean President Syngman Rhee's Western police said a Commu- nist attempt to incite West Berlin jobless to riot against the give- away food program for Eastern needy was doomed to failure. Some Red agents scattered leaf- lets late yesterday in front of West Berlin labor offices with phony instructions for the West Berlin unemployed to show up for free food today at points which have been supplying the Easterners. The leaflets copied the format of midget throwaway editions of the Telegraf, West Berlin Socialist newspaper. Police said the relief program was so well known in West Berlin that few, if any, of the unemployed could be tricked into vainly going to the food distribution points. unity if it is not accomplished by agree- ment 90 days after the conference opens. Dulles will fly to Korea, leaving here next Sunday morning. One of his principal tasks well may be to try to persuade Rhee not to re- sume the war, whatever happens in the political meeting. Meeting reporters for the first time since the armistice, Dulles said yesterday: "As far as I personally am con- cerned, I think I have made it clear I would not be prepared on behalf of the United States to try to buy the unity of Korea at the price of a concession which would involve bringing Communist China into the United Nations and, above all, into the Security Council." If the issue arose, he said, the I United States would use its influ- Reds in turn handed over samples of the markers they will use to set off the northern boundary of the buffer Maybe Moose Recalls LOWELL, Mass. this moose had a long memory. Conservation officers moose invaded a back say yard The Soviet radio's roll call of i ence with other nations to swing alleged potential spies among the tidal wave of hungry East Ger- mans was the most sinister devel- a vote against U. N. admission of the Peiping regime. Under .questioning, he declined opment in the Communist at-j to say flatly that the United States tempts, futile so far, to dynamite the huge relief program. The radio read out somberly the names of men and women it claimed had been supplied to the "agents and terror Fighting Group Against Inhuman- West Berlin officials, "The names were turned over for exploitation by the leader of the terror group, Ernst the radio asserted. would, if necessary, veto Red Chi- nese membership but he did say that the United States has the right of veto if it wants to use it. At least two other considerations that the Chinese might like have entered into speculation. These are an end to trade embargoes against Red China and concessions to Pei- ping's demand for Formosa, island seat of the Chinese Nationalist government. this city of. more than re- cently and trampled on a red hunting outfit being aired on a clothesline. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Generally fair tonight and Thursday, cooler tonight. Low tonight 62, high Thurs- day 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observation for the hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, noon, 74; precipitation, .58; 24 69; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max, temp. 79 at p. m. Tuesday, min. 70 at a. m. to- day. Noon readings temp. 74, scattered clouds at feet, overcast at miles with Visibility 12 light rain showers. Wind from the northwest at five miles per hour. Barometer fall- ing slowly at and humidity 87 per cent.