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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 27, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight, Tuesday, Temperature About Same Chiefs at Waseca Tonight at 8, KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 135 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JULY 27, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Fighting Stops, War in Korea Over Can't Relax Guard, Ike Warns uan Nation Ey MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON President Eisenhower hailed the Korean truce signing last night with a prayer of thanksgiving but solemnly declared "We have won an armistice on a single peace in the world." "We may not relax our guard nor cease our he said in a nationwide television and radio ad- dress an hour after the truce was sealed at Panmunjom, ending the 37 months' war. A few moments before he went on the air from the White House, the happy smile on his a remark which Arizona Polygamists Raided by Police hundreds of thousands of other pa- rents all over America. j "I'm glad this war is he said quietly, "and I hope my son is coming home soon." San Francisco Man Flies Atlantic and Back in Small Plane SAN FRANCISCO wi Peter Gluckman, the adventuring jeweler who flew his 90-horsepower mono- plane to London and back, said about his journey: "The Atlantic is sure a big body Gluckman, 27, who weighs 260 pounds, landed at San Francisco Airport Sunday after the 51-day trip he said cost between S300 and He said he had wanted to demon- By JAMES GARY SHORT CREEK, Ariz. multiple families of polygamous Short Creek were split asunder to- day by the wrath of Arizona. The state hurled a united task force of 102 officers at the little settlement before dawn yesterday and took into custody 33 men, 50 women and 263 children. It thus launched a supreme effort to wipe out forever a deep-rooted colony of polygamists that has op- erated near the Utah border for 20 vears. Town Raided Gov. Howard Pyle called the cult TODAY hower, has been on active duty in Korea since last July. The only break in his service was a brief return to the United States whieh came when he traveled to Washing- ton to attend his father's inaugura- tion. Peace Main Object In his TV-radio address over all networks, the President started by saying: "Tonight we greet, with prayers of thanksgiving, the official news .that an armistice was signed al- 'most an hour ago in Korea." Peace in Korea has been the President's main objective. He pledged during the campaign he would work unceasingly for it. He traveled to the battlefront shortly after he was elected in November in an effort to find a way to end the hostilities. Last night, speaking gravely, he declared: minors, and marrying the spouse so at Iong last the carnage His son, Army Maj. John Eisen-1 strate the sma11 aircraft' "the foulest conspiracy you could possibly imagine." He said girls of under 15 years of age were forced into marriages with men of all ages. Half a dozen of these pigtailed brides were arrested along with the older mates of the Short Creek patriarchs. The adults were charged with nearly a dozen different offenses, including statutory rape, bigamy, open and notorious cohabitation, contributing to the delinquency of of another. Two men were accused of having six wives, two of having five, one of having four, and numerous oth- ers, with having two or three. Four of the wives reportedly were only 13 years old, two were U and two 15, The police action in i the state's launched at a. m. as the moon hid itself in an eclipse. As police cars moved in with sirens screaming, a signal light Red Plan Fails in Europe By STEWART ALSOP VIENNA In a human political sense, the Kremlin's at- tempt to impost Soviet-style Com- munism on Eastern Europe can be confidently counted among his- tory's most abysmal failures. This is the central meaning of the re- cent remarkable events in Eastern Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hun- _ gary and elsewhere. Yet it is also standing near the village school. true that in an inhuman and tech- j The American flag had been hoist- nological sense, the Kremlin's j ed overhead. Suddenly the people burst into of war is to cease But he went on to note that the political conference confer- ence at which such delicate issues as unification of North and South American Prisoners Will Be Exchanged No Words Spoken By Truce Signers At Cold Session By ROBERT TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM of the U. N. Command and the Red armies signed today at long last a compromise armistice in the bitter, three-year Korean War, It means not peace but a nervous truce. A hush fell suddenly across the battlefield 12 hours after the truce was signed. But almost until the final minute Communist and Al- lied guns roared in thunderous bar- rages. The shooting halted officially at 10 p.m. (7 a.m. The two, generals signed in 10 minutes a document that was 2 years and 17 days in the writing. Hardly had they completed the signing when these ominous, clash- ing warnings were sounded: The Chinese Red Peiping radio boasted that the Communists had won "a glorious victory" and cautioned Red soldiers to remain "highly vigilant and guard against any disruptive actions from the other side." U.N. Assembly Will Meet Soon To Start Talks By MAX HARRELSON UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. The U. N. General Assembly will meet three weeks from today to tackle the next big hurdle in the Korean up the special political conference. The conference provided for in the armistice agreement must meet within 90 days. Its chief job will be to try to transform the armi- stice into a permanent peace. Just what subjects will come up remain to be decided. The 60-nation General Assembly determine which nations will have a seat at the conference and will fix the time and place it will meet. Some delegates want the As- sembly to work out the conference i defend the Republic of Korea U. N. Commander Gen. Mark Clark told his troops flatly there will be no "immediate or even early withdrawal" from Korea and declared that the U. N. is staying reminder to the enemy and his emissaries that our might and power stand behind the pledges of the United Nations to Four Tired, Bearded and grimy U.S. Marines, just off the fight- ing line on the Western Korean front, read the good news of the armistice signed at Panmunjom ending the war in Korea. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Tokyo to The Republican-Herald) PEACE AT LAST u0-j tjemuiy LU wuin. DHL UIK aeiena me riepUDllc c Korea will come up-still is ahead., agerda too_ but others haye against any Referring to the negotiations, they want to leave that to added: "On this Sabbath evening each of us devoutly prays that all na- tions may come to see the wisdom of composing differences in this fashion before, rather than after, there is resort to brutal and futile and flashed from a hillside. Three ex-1 battle, warning signals "Now as we strive to bring about through the darkness. Despite all of the secrecy of the 26-month investigation, the colon- ists had learned the raid was com- ing. Officers, knocking on doors, found only women and children in the houses. In the grey light of the dawn, they spotted a large con- gregation of men and some women European empire represents an extraordinary achievement. This seeming paradox is wholly confirmed by the great mass of information on the satellites avail- able in Berlin, in Munich, and here in Vienna. The experts do not have to guess what is hap- pening within the Soviet empire. They know. With thousands of refugees streaming into West Ber- lin every week, they know what is happening in Communist Ger- many down to the village, and even the street, level. The picture that wisdom, there is, in this the conference itself. The call for the Assembly meet- South Korean President Syng- man Rhee declared again his con- viction that the armistice "will ing on Aug. 17 went out quickly pr0ve to be the prelude to more to members during last night, but j war Assembly President Lester B. more suffering and further Communist ad- Pearson of Canada and other lead-1 vances by war and subversion, ers thought it best to allow ample He said South Korea would not time for private consultations he- i disturb the truce of "a limited fore the formal meetings begin. Pearson expressed the hope that song. It was "America." Then they sang hymns. Leroy Johnson, 65, a purported of the cult, spoke for the colony. "We have done no he asserted. "We just practice our re- ligion according to our beliefs. We _____________ beiieve in the original tenets of the j man was killed arid 34 others were moment of sober satisfaction, one j thought that must discipline our emotions and steady our resolution. "It is this: We have won an ar- (Continued on Page 11, Column 6) EISENHOWER Soldier Killed, 34 Injured in Train Accident LITTLE FALLS, Minn. UP) One Mormon Church. "The women don't have to marry if they don't want to. I defy any- sas National Guardsmen were de- one to prove that any girl was I railed near Monfor, Mo., Saturday. injured when six cars of a special train carrying Missouri and Kan- aid, the meeting might be concluded in a week or a little more. The U. N. received formal noti- fication of the armistice at p. m minutes after the conclusion of the Panmunjom sign- ing. U. S. Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. informed Secretary Gen- eral Dag Hammarskjold orally and later, before television cameras, i handed him a letter with the noti- fication. "Let us thank God and fervently pray that this armistice heralds a lasting Lodge said. Hammarskjold said: "I wish to express the firm con- viction that all parties by abiding by the armistice vvill contribute to paving the way to a peaceful set- tlement of the political and econ- omic problems still facing us in of what is happening in the more ever forced into a marriage. The specjai was carrying distant satellites is only relative-1 gut a sobbing 17-year-old girl I the guardsmen to Camp Ripley for ly more opaque. Same Picture told officers: "I was told I had to marry a The picture is everywhere the 70-year-old man. I told them they same total political failure and could kill me first. They finally remarkable industrial achieve-) gave me a second choice of marry- ment. The failure can be very j ing a 45-year-old man. It was so simply defined. The Soviet-impos-1 hopeless, I gave up. I ed satellite regimes are politically (fourth wife." absolutely artificial. Lacking any j mass base of popular support whatsoever, they are kept afloat by force on a heaving sea of i savage, universal hatred. What is particularly significant about this phenomenon of mass hatred, is that it is concentrated among those who were supposed to be the special darlings of the Com- munist regimes the industrial workers. Take the case of Czechoslova- kia. The Kremlin's plan for its Czech colony calls for an increase of 175 per cent of Czech heavy industrial, armaments and chemi- cal output. This means in turn a tromenrious increase in the num- ber of industrial workers the number of workers in the famous Skoda armaments plants, for ex- ample, has been quadrupled. Much of what is produced goes to the Soviet Union about 90 per cent of the armaments for example, at the same time production of consumer goods has been sharp- ly reduced of necessity, while the forced collective farm system plus the drain of farm workers to the factories has also heavily reduced the already inadequate Czech food supplies. Can't Eat a Gun There can be only one result of this sort of thing. A worker cannot eat a machine gun, nor can he live on a drop forge. The Czech puppet rulers have tried every conceivable device to meet the industrialization goals, includ- ing the assignment to forced labor of more than "kulaks, (Continued on Page 1, Column 4) ALSO PS their annual 15-day training period. The train reached Camp Ripley at 6 a.m. today. Killed in the derailment Sgt. Lawrence Johnson, 19, Lil- bourn, Mo. Korea The United Nations time" while a political conference tries to unify the country and work out plans for withdrawal of Chinese Communist forces from the North. The 8th Army commander, Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, said the armi- stice was "just a suspension of hostilities, which may or may not be preparatory to permanent And in Washington, President Eisenhower welcomed the armi- stice with thanksgiving but warned that "we may not now relax our guard nor cease our The brief signing ceremony at Panmunjom ran smoothly in sharp contrast to the months of sharp words, demands, counterdemands and walkouts that marked the long-drawn negotiations. Without a word to each other, Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr. signed for the Allies and Gen. Nam II for the Communists in a and rehabilitation that lie ahead." for occasion. Pearson hailed the armistice as The chief negotiators began pen- a blow against aggression, but ning their names one minute after stressed the importance of the po- the appointed hour of 10 a. m and litical problems still unsettled. trough signing the 18 docu- ments involved at the end of one blood A split rail was blamed for the and difficult making of Weary Gl Hails End of Conflict By JOHN RANDOLPH CENTRAL FRONT, Korea had promised Item Company I would bring them a bottle of whisky the minute that agreement was reached on the armistice. They didn't see me coming until the last 20 yards on the steep and muddy hill northeast of Kumhwa. Under my arm, like a football, I was carrying the fifth of 100- proof bond, wrapped safely in a dirty GI khaki towel. Sgt. Ippolitp spotted me flounder- ing and gasping up the final slope. He looked a long he started to yell, his voice breaking with excitement. "He's got it! He's got the bottle! It's an armistice, by got an Helmeted heads craned out of bunkers and foxholes and dirty bearded faces turned my way and Ippolito ran down the slopes to meet me. A horrible suspicion of doubt crossed his face and he stopped short. 54 Cubans Die In Rebel Raid Against Batista HAVANA, Cuba W President Fulgencio Batista slapped stern martial law over Cuba today after j crushing an attack by some 230 trying to silence the guns. Hush Falls Over Front, Big Guns Become Silent Red Barrage Stops Few Minutes Before Armistice By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL Wi Shooting stopped along the Korean battlefront at 10 p.m. tonight (7 a.m. Monday bringing to an abrupt halt 37 months of death and destruction. While ground fighting was all but nil in the final hours, mount- ing Communist artillery fire took its toll of Allied soldiers up to the last minute. At 10 p.m., a hush fell over the front. The last man to die may never be named. Nor, perhaps will the last hero. The front, usually aflame at this hour of night, just grew dark. Me.n heaved sighs of relief, but with great caution. Last Barrage As the clock ticked off the sec- onds, they grew more brave. The last reported barrage the final one of the Korean War on the Central Front lifted at p.m. The fighting there, at least, end- ed in silence. AP Correspondent John Ran- dolph said the cease-fire came on the Central Front amid silence aft- er a smashing artillery duel be- tween Allied and Red guns that began'in mid-afternoon and built up to a deafening crescendo shortly before 10 p.m. Randolph said all firing stopped at p.m. A few seconds after 10 p.m. wild yells broke out from American GIs. All day and into the night the Reds sent artillery and mortar barrages screaming into Allied lines east of Kumhwa on the Cen- tral Front. The barrages mounted in fury the hours went by. Sometimes shells ripped front and rear line positions at the rate of four a minute. Barrages Mount Allied artillery boomed back armed rebels on two atmy posts I in Eastern Cula. Fifty-four persons wouldn't (kid would reported killed, including 35 you? It's true, ain't it? of the attackers, 18 soldiers and "I wouldn't kid I said. 'It's true. It's official. The U. N. I a Pohce sergeant. Command this afternoon an- nounced an armistice had been agreed upon. They sign it tomor- row at 10 a. m. The cease-fire is 12 hours p. m. tomor- row." Sweat Out Night Another and deeper shadow crossed Ippolito's face. "Tonight You mean we got- ta sweat out tonight Jesus Christ. I hope we make it." Then The government accused former President Carlos Prio Socarras, ousted by Batista's coup in March, 1952, of responsibility for the at- tacks early Sunday on the Mon- Even as the shooting ended, litter jeeps and ambulances wound down dusty hill trails from outpost ridges bringing moaning, broken men to rear hospitals. Randolph reported that between 6 a.m. and 9 p.m., a U. S. division east of Kumhwa had been hit by rounds, of Chinese artillery. Only five minutes before the guns fell silent, American and South Korean artillerymen tried to chada Army Barracks at Santiago muffle the Red guns once and for de Cuba and a rural guard post all with a time-on-target barrage in the nearby town of Bayamo. The barracks commander, Col, Alberto Del Rio Chaviano, said the rebels hoped to launch a revolution he shoved the awful fear out of j Using massive supercharges of powder, nearly 12 battalions of Allied artillery opened simultane- ously. his mind, shouted: "The lieutenant! Flames gushed from the muzzles brightened again and! government statement said the I as .battery after battery fired in i insurgents were "mercenaries m I salvo, the .services of persons who had The valleys roared and shook as Lieutenant! They got an brought The others hid" were crowding become wea'.thy during the (Prio) along with Communist around now, maybe a dozen of them, and I was escorted to the other for a muddy hole covered with logs that "after" they were I was the company command post, through. Nam B arose from Lt- Don c- Patton, the company executive, leaned out from under (Continued on Page II, Column 4) WEARY Gl There's Just One eager buyers of extra editions of newspapers in New York's Times Square Sunday night after the signing of the armistice agreement in Korea. Big- gest grins are those on the faces of servicemen. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) table and walked out the north door. Harrison went out the south door. Commanding officers of troops from 16 United Nations members (Continued on Page 5, Column 4.) TRUCE Army Engineers Get Million WASHINGTON W! President Eisenhower signed a bill appropri- ating to the Army En- gineers for use in the fiscal year which began July 1. Most of the money is for flood control, navi- gation and power projects. WEATHER PEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity General- ly fair tonight and Tuesday. No important temperature changes. Low tonight 64, high Tuesday 83. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 92; minimum, 70; noon, 81; precipitation, .48. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 67; noon, 83; precipitation, .29; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No, Central Observations) Max. temp. 80 at noon, min. 68 at a. m. Noon readings clouds scattered at feet, vi- sibility 15 miles, wind calm, baro- meter 30.25 steady, humidity 65 per cent. Prio, from his M i a m i, Fla. home-in-exile denied and ridiculed the charge. He declared: "I have said before the people of Cuba will never tolerate a dic- tatorship. For that reason, we may see at any time an uprising by the people and the army itself against Batista." the shells burst deep behind the Red lines. The Communist shelling stopped about the same moment the Allied barrage lifted. If the Reds had not insisted on shooting it out, there would have been little or no firing on the clos- ing day. From the Red side, there was (Continued on Page 73, Column 5.) FIGHTING Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr., senior United Nations armistice delegate, signed the armistice document Sunday which brought an end to three years and one month of fighting in Korea. The signing took place in a hastily erected "armistice hall" at Panmunjom. At left is Adm. John C. Daniel, number two man of U.N. team. At right is Col. J. C. Murray, USMC, a U.N. liaison officer. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Seoul and Tokyo to The Republican-Herald)
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