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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 22, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Pleasant- Tonight and Thursday Chiefs at Austin Tonight at 8 KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 131 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 22, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Chairman Harold K. Velde standing at upper left center, of the House Unamerican Activities Committee administered the oath to Bishop G. Bromley Oxnam, back to camera in front of Velde, as the "Methodist official was sworn in as a witness before (lie committee in Washington. Bishop Oxnam requested to appear before the committee he has frequently criticized. (AP Wirephoto) y iruce By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON Eisenhower said today he still is hopeful and reasonably confident a Korean truce will be signed soon. The President's statement at his news conference came against a background of deep concern here over new South Korean threats to the conclusion of a truce. Eisenhower declined to discuss specifically South Korean Prcsi- By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON Committee on Un-American Activ- ities voted Bishop G. Bromley Reds in Frenzy Over Free Food To East Berlin Soviet Demands Conant Stop Gifts To Hungry People By DAN DE LUCE BERLIN A million pack- ages of free Western food threw East Germany's Communist rulers into a frenzy today. Soviet High Commissioner Vladi- mir Semyenov, in a bristling dip- lomatic note, called the mammoth relief program a U. S. plot to "en- list Fascist hirelings and criminal elements" for a new anti-Red re- volt in the Russian zone. He demanded that U. S. High Commissioner James B. Conant immediately stop food gifts to hungry East Germans because these were "illegal and incompat- ible with the elementary demands of maintaining public order." But in' West Berlin, thousands of workers were set to wrapping the million-fold packages of foodstuffs for delivery on the Iron Curtain border here beginning next Mon- day. I The supplies came from a West! German government reserve main- tained in this isolated city since 1949 to protect it against a new Russian blockade. The reserve will be replenished by donations from the United States, where President Eisenhower offered 15 million clol- House I ial-S' worth of free food to hungry East Germany on July 10 and stuck by it after Soviet Foreign dent Syngman Rhee's declaration that the United Nations will have Oxnam a clean bill of health early i'. only 90 days to persuade the Chi- nese Reds to withdraw from Korea TODAY All-Day Security i Minister V. M. Molotov denounced ,____fer as "a clumsy today so far as any record of Cora-1 maneuver." munist party affiliation is con- But a grueling, sometimes short- tempered hearing that dragged on after midnight brought charges by some members that the Methodist By JOSEPH ALSOP week the President's appointment schedule was quietly revised to conceal a i after the signing of an armistice. j Rhee .said that if they did i withdraw after 90 days his country i would feel free to ''follow our own course of action." Eisenhower said misunderstand- ings continue in connection with working out an armistice. But he j clergyman's zeal for social reform went on to say that he is stillj_pius what one congressman hopeful and reasonably confident called ..muddled that a reasonable armistice wul be ,ed Mm susplcious company. signed soon. And chairmari Velde (R-I11) said it was "impossible to make any definite conclusions" until the bishop has submitted further infor- He said he was unable to predict exactly when the signing would come. The President also: 1. Declared American food for hungry East Germans will remain mation he promised. The marathon affair, held in a A high American official said the Russian protest would be re- jected flatly. 3 Wisconsin Fishermen Die In Air Crash significant fact. By the President's available despite Russia's demands i DULUTH, Minn. Three order and under his leadership, the National Security Council held an all-day meeting. packed committee room mostly Canada-bound'Wisconsin fishermen Truce in Korea May Cut Draft Monthly WASHINGTON (ffi-Secretary of Defense Wilson .said Tues- day it might be possible to cut draft calls by to a month if there is a truce in Korea. In answer to news confer- ence questions Wilson esti- mated it would be about 90 days after the truce before such reductions would be pos- sible. Dulles Assumes eep WASHINGTON l-Pl Secretary of State Dulles said today the United States assumes that South Korean President Syngman Rhee "despite his misgivings" will abide by as- surances that he will not impede an armistice in Korea. "President Rhee. in turn, can be confident that the United States will loyally support the Republic of Korea in the rebuilding of its land and_ in the attainment of its hon- orable Dulles said in a statement. The Secretary disclosed that he has agreed to meet Rhee person- ally soon after an armistice is signed to concert policies to be followed at the political conference 90 days after the truce. This, Dul- les said, will assure "the maximum chance that the conference will achieve a unification of Korea." Dulles' statemnt was read by Bob Hope, one of half a dozen film stars who entertained at the National Boy Scout Jamboree in California Tuesday, had this group of Scouts in chuckles with some necktie horseplay follow- ing the big stage show before Scouts and Scoutleaders. The names of the boys were not available. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) that shipments of the supplies halted. with ready-to-demonstrate :nam supporters, left in doubt the question the bishop asked it to Since the morrow of Pearl Har-1 Would the committee alter of the airport here during a heavy Explosion Jars Waseca Warehouse WASECA, Minn. L7! An ex- plosion, believed to be dynamite, made a lot of noise but little dam- age Tuesday night to the strike- j bound E. F. Johnson Co's. ware- house hero. Officers said the charge had been set off behind the building and Assistant Secretary Carl W. Me-1 that occupants of an apartment Cardie at a time when the truce in the front part of the building were unharmed. The warehouse is across a street from the main plant Big Hollywood Show Delights bor, no single problem has ever engaged the continuous, combined attention of all the heads of the j America's own security, and he cut in foreign aid too heavy. He said the yardstick always must be American government throughout a working day. Yet the subject of last week's unprecedented meet- j ing of our highest policy making i believes the House Committee went too far in slashing his request for its files on him or, better yet, halt the practice of giving out unverified j and unevaluated information on anyone- New Procedures Velde did say that "some of the 3. Again declined to organ was not the Korean truce, he feels about Sen. McCarthy v, facts possibly should be considered with a view toward establish- fog Tuesday. The dead were identified as Charles Wamser, 63, the pilot, and Frederick J. Servis, 58, both of Milwaukee, and Leonard Gappa, 53, Waukesha. Airport employes reported they heard the plane's engines missing shortly before the noise of the Ul fyAil "5 Liiv avwi vwi LI nj. iUtiib dUUUL Cell. .UL, UJ I j Jiiwi tij' v t- LUI.JV, wi 1.11._ or the power contest in Moscow, Wis) A reporter told him t h a t !'ng enabling us to con-j crat_h them It took search ......other topic of current dis-! some people in the we search tor subversives partics severai hours to reach the air p a r t y feel the administration more Protection for I the wreckage, in a wilderness area contin-; chnnlri iM-ar-v rinu-n nn Mr-Carthv I individuals. !pieht miles northeast of the citv. or any cussion. The subject was defense of the American contin- j "should" crack down on ent. Despite the very special consid- eration given to 'the problem, it is not clear that any conclusions Eisenhower in reply recalled that had said many times he does I not deal in personalities. 4. Said he feels in lookin; Ranging far and wide in a dozen directions, the unusual afternoon-1 eight miles northeast of the city, the party had taken off from Milwaukee early Tuesday bound into-morning session produced one j jor Kenora Qnt back development-sworn las't month four minois were reached. Most probably, the on nis first six months in" office from a Prevjous secret j anglers, also bound for Canada, administration will want the views that progress has been made but I fearing that iuo clergymen once i were killed when their piane .....that it has not been as fast as ;m the public eye were active mem- he would like. bcr? the Communist party. of the new Joint Chiefs of Staff before making its decision about air defense policy. But the mere 5. Declared so far as he is con- wc fact of the recent Security Coun- 1 cerncd there js absolutely no poli- miufe as ,Dr- cil meeting rather clearly implies tics connected with the' adminis- cd into Lake Superior 20 miles the corn- Ward, re- tired member of New York's Union j that the administration is increas- i tration program to provide relief i Theological Seminary faculty, and worried about the increas- from the drought. That remark IJack said to be still ingly ing air-atomic striking power of the Soviet Union. This is not a distant danger, if the official estimates are not mis- leading. One of the reports that ______ have been presented to the drought ity Council actually credits the Kremlin with the power to destroy just under 40 per cent of the American industrial potential, and to cause the death of about 13.- 000.000 Americans. Any such es- timate of current Kremlin capabil- ities is oi course hi.uhly debatable. But the signs are plain, nonelhe- was prompted by a reporter's re- mark that a Republican candidate for Congress in Arkansas had claimed politics figured in the selection of Arkansas counties for rea. H British Plane With 16 Aboard Crashes LONDON The Air Ministry Royal Air Force Hastings are proved. in the Methodist ministry some- where in the West. I Both have been mentioned be- fore in connection with Red front investigations but Oxnam called i this new testimony "quite amaz- I ing." lie promptly challenged the com- mi'lee to put its evidence before church courts which, he said, will expel them from the ministry if Communist membership charges southeast of here. That mishap also occurred during a heavy fog. School for Boys Changes Policies ST. PAUL W A. Whittier Day, director of the Minnesota Youth Conservation Commission, Tuesday announced several changes in pol- icies at the Red Wing Training School for Boys following disclos- ure of sex perversion. A complaint by a St. Paul moth- er that her 14-year-old son was subjected to or forced by an in- with 16 persons aboard As for himself, Oxnam said he'd mate to witness sexual perversion 1 _ _ crashed into the Mediterranean to- j make no apologies to anybody for that a major turning point in day off the coast of North Africa.'working in good K'SS, American policy ing. The approach has been made by stages, several of have been j revealed in this space. First there j was the report of Project Lincoln, the remarkable scientific task j force of the Massachusetts Insti- tute of Technology. Then there was the Truman administration policy paper, NSC-MI, which defined the air defense problem for President Eisenhower. Then there was the further report of a special com- mittee of leading scientists and in- dustrialists headed by Dr. Mervin J. Kelly, president of the Bell Tele- phone Laboi t'oiK All these piji- s pointed in the s me in pit it di rcction, toward the need for an urgent, cost el ut t> imncne our air defcn-scv i i" lh if t it ceiving the t o t of t u ulh Committee, the Security Council named still another study group. This new group was headed by the President's war-time Deputy (Continued en Paqe 8, Column 5) ALSOPS a Youth Injures Self FAIRMONT, Minn, i.ii Gary j Blank, IS, of nearby Triumph, was I taken to a Rochester hospital in serious condition Tuesday night! after shooting himself in a leg ac-1 ciclentaily while at target practice I with a pistol. with now- s now approach-! Another aircraft reported seeing suspect organizations he was asso- survivors clinging to a raft, and'dated with in the belief they were a ship was diverted to the scene. I dedicated to human progress. President Eisenhower watched as Harry V. Higley of Marinetle, Wis., took the oath of office as new Veterans Affairs administrator from Frank K. Sanderson, right, White House administrative of- ficer, today in the executive office in Washington, (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) brought an investigation by Day. The youth claimed he was beat- en when he fought off advances by older boys. Day said the perversions resulted mainly from, actions of an "over- 1 grown 17-year-old placed in the school" for theft. Day said that Supt. R. E. Far- p rell has been given orders to as- I sign an attendant on a 24-hour-a- I day basis to the disciplinary bar- i racks where the indecencies were i practiced. Day said he has not decided what action to take in the case of the boy responsible for the trouble. He said he believes he is a "psy- chiatric case." a WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and I pleasant tonight and Thursday. Rather cool 'tonight, low 58. High Thursday afternoon 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 61; noon, 83; precipitation, .74; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) j Max. temp. 82 at a. m., imin. 58 at a. m., skies clear, i visibility 15 miles, wind from west j at 12 miles per hour, barometer 30.00 steady, humidity 48 per cent. uncertainties raised by South Ko- rea. The Secretary said that as- surances that South Korea will not obstruct an armistice were written by President Rhee personally to President Eisenhower under date of July 11. ROKs Hold Released POWs in Isolation SEOUL All South Korea soldiers released by the Commun- ists in last April's exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of war still are being held in isolation by the ROK government. Of the 471 who came back from North Korean prison camps. 464 are housed in a clean hospital here. Four have died of tuberculosis. Three were transferred to a leper island off Southwest Korea. None has been permitted visitors and none has gone home. Will Give Reds 90 Days to Pull of N. Korea U. S. Asked to Repudiate Pledges Given Communists SEOUL Syngmaa I Rhee and his foreign minister [handed the United Nations Com- i mand double-barreled ultimatums i today which threatened to wreck I a Korean truce that appeared only days away. Rhee issued an angry statement that South Korea will give a post- war political conference 90 days to "persuade the (Chinese Red) ag- gressors" to withdraw from North Korea. "If their efforts the fiery old patriot declared, "we shall be at liberty to follow our own course of action." Foreign Minister Pyun Yung Tai, in an even stronger statement, said the basis for American-South Korea compromise has been destroyed. Pyun warned that South Korea would act independently unless the United States repudiates some j assurances given the Communists which the Reds announced at Pan- munjom last Sunday. The assur- ances opened the way for a quick armistice. Rbee's sudden statement came j as the U. S. State Department I sent a secret note to Rhee. It pre- jsumably dealt with South Korea's (role in the armistice. Pyun said !lhe note contained "nothing new." How Reds React- How the Reds will react to )__jRhee's ultimatum was the big The called pany more than 30 support of demands for shop and other items. Jamboree Boy Scouts went back I as staff officers continued to their scoutcraft activities today I work at Panmunjom on _final de- full of chuckles and memories of tails of a truce. There nas been a Hollywood show Tuesday speculation that an armistice would AFL Teamsters U n i o n j night "that brought them Bob Hope be signed within the week. a strike against the com-! and a full lineup of film talent.) considered Rhee s than 30 days Master of ceremonies Hope set j to illegalize union tne pace for the fun mght of the i third National Boy Scout Jamboree in a big outdoor arena on this Southern California ranch. When he looked out over the scouts and leaders, including 661 Austrian Pleads Guilty to Spying MUNICH. Germany any action on our part to achieve our He said Rhee made "actually no" pledges in his talks wit1) Wal- ter Robertson, U. S. assistant secretary of state. They were Jelinek, 39-year-old Austrian pleaded guilty in U. S. District Court today to charges he was a courier for the Czechoslovakian Secret Police. A pro-sentence hear- ing was set for next Tuesday. Jelinek is accused of making two f rt rf-iiwj' u -Johann iscouts from 23 lanas' ne j aimed at soothing South Korean quipped: resistance to the truce. "This is the United Nations in j Rhee said the major problem short pants." j blocking "real peace" was the Hope Jokes [withdrawal of Chinese Communist The hillside jammed with boys j troops from North Korea after a in regulation jamboree short pants cease-fire, roared and Hope continued: A political conference is to open courier trips between Czechoslova-1 "I love the Boy Scouts. But days after an armistice is kia and Germany in 1952, and on just wish they wouldn't help me signed, and Rhee said South Korea the last guiding" back a German j across the street." jwill wait another 90 days for the for training a Czech school: Other samples of Hope: j Chinese Reds to agree to leave teaching agents how to collect in-1 "I was a Boy Scout myself once j North Korea. If they don't agree formation on American air instal-1 but I didn't like the short pants. by that deadline, he said South Thp hnvs kpnt. ruhbin? mv knees I Knrpa will follow its "own roursc lalions in Germany. The boys kept rubbing my knees together to start fires." Jane Powell, accompanied by a Marine Corps band, sang the "Star Spangled Banner." Debbie Reynolds, favorite of the teenagers, sang a couple of songs, joked with the boys and responded to their whistles with: "Sounds like the world Fencing Scene Director Al Rogell and a film crew reproduced a few minutes from the working day on a Holly- wood sound stage, with four swordsmen in a spirited "Three Musketeers" fencing scene. Jamboree officials that counting visitors and scout leaders, approximately 100.000 at- tended the show. Actor Preston Foster was wan- dering around the jamboree when Korea will follow its "own course of action." Plea to U. S. "I must say that we have asked the United States either to jointly resume with us military operations to accomplish our common objec- tives, or to promise to give us moral and material support in our efforts to carry on our fight uni- Rhee said. The ROK President said he was awaiting approval from Washington of agreements made with Robert- son in the secret talks earlier this month. South Korea is trying to co- Rhee said, if the United Nations does not consider our desire for sur- vival, we cannot regard the under- standing as binding." Rhee said he promised neither estimated operate all we A Vl tllA TTnitaH NT boys from Wausau, Wis.. spotted to sign nor obstruct a truce if Group Capt. Peter Townsend, upper left, and Princess Mar- garet, lower right, are shown as they posed with the Earl of Granville and Lady Mary Leveson-Gower at a house party dur- ing a visit by Margaret to Northern Ireland in 1947. Townsend was then a wing commander in the Royal Air Force, Townsend was divorced from his wife in 1952 and today the British govern- ment indicated that Queen Elizabeth had given Margaret per- mission to marry the dashing divorced commoner. This is one of the few existing pictures showing the British airman and the princess together. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Washington approves his under- standing with Robertson. In the agreement, Rhee said he would abide by the terms of the armistice for an unstated period. In return, the United Stales agreed to negotiate a mutual de- fense pact with South Korea. It was reported that the United States also agreed to walk out of the political conference and to confer further with South Korea after 90 days if no progress had been made toward unifying Korea or if the Reds appeared to be using the conference for their own ends. No Security Pact Rhee said in his statement, "I am informed that some (U. S.) senators have declared the United Slates could not agree" to a mu- tual security pact. He said it also appeared probable the Senate will adjourn its present session before it could act on such a treaty. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles said in Washington yester- torney General, alleged the rail- j day that it appeared a mutual se- road rates and charges for the i curily pact would not be sent to transportation of carloads of gov- the Senate at this session. This ernment freight during World War would delay at least until January II, as well as before, were "un- Senate confirmation of an agree- just and unreasonable." ment. him and him to join in a camp meal with Jamboree Troop 20. He accepted. U. S. Urged to Drop Railroad Charges WASHINGTON (.41 Inter- state Commerce Commission exam- iners today recommended dismis- sal of government claims against the railroads for about two billion dollars for alleged overcharges on wartime freight shipment. The examiners, Howard Hosmer and Marion L. Boat, said the charg- es paid by the government were, on the whole, considerably lower j than they would have been for I commercial shippers. All told, the government filed 17 complaints against the railroads be- tween June, 1946, and October, 1948. The complaints, filed by the Al- 4 Y
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