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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 14, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Partly Cloudy Tonight, Local Showers Wednesday River Stage 24-Hovr (Flood 13) Today 8.19 .25 Year Ago 7.43 .04 VOLUME 53, NO. 124 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 14, 19! EIGHTEEN PAGES School Budget Over Million Dollars Chinese Pressure On ROKs Mounts Reds ril Allied Defense Lines Imperil Biggest Onslaught In 2 Years Aimed At 20-Mile Front By GEORGE McARTHUR SEOUL of thousands of Chinese ripped through South Ko- rean lines as far as four miles in central Korea today in a mounting onslaught that imperiled Allied de- fenses. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, 8th Army commander, said after a first-hand look at the grave situa- tion that ROK defenders were vielding some ground "as the de- fense readjusts itself to the new situation." Between and Chi- nese aimed their sudden the mightiest Red offensive in more than two main- line positions on a 20-mile front east of Kumsong to the Pukhan River. Troops from eight Chinese divi- sions were thrown into the blazing battles in the wake of some of the heaviest Red artillery barrages of the war. Unexpected Fight Four Red first in rainy dark- ness just before midnight. Units from the four reserve divisions were fed into the battle as needed, U. S. officers said. Gen, Taylor, in a statement is- sued after he returned from a vis- it to the front, said: "The attack was not unexpected and the defense is extracting a very heavy toll of casualties from the Communists." "Our troops have behaved ex- tremely he said, "in spite of the weight of the enemy pres- sure and the unfavorable weather. Some ground north and east of the Kumsong River is being yield- S as the defense readjust itself needed a good washing. Three were I All CIlnVlllT'nnH 3T1 fl to the new situation." There were other withdrawals across the blazing 20-mile East- Central Front. Reds Hesitate On Accepting Allied Terms Fear South Korea Will Not Honor Proposed Armistice By SAM SUMMERLIN PANMUNJOM Allied Edward E. Crane, 32, left, transient worker, is shown with Sheriff Albert Wessel of Perkins County, South Dakota, after Crane's capture near Bison, S. D. Crane is charged with murder in the slaying of Police Chief Edward E. Mumby of New Salem, N. D., Saturday night after an argument over a penny sales tax. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Transient Worker Held For Murder in N.D. MANDAN N. D. Edward Crane, 32, sun-browned transient farm worker, was held on a murder charge today for the slaying of a small town police chief who was called on to quell an argument over a penny sales tax. With Crane were his wife and their five children, ranging in age stopped by officers in river flat bushes South Dakota, Monday and brought here. Mandan is the seat of Morton County where Chief of Police Ed ward E. Mumby of New Salem was shot to death Saturday night. Crane's wife, Vera, about 30, car- ried the baby as she and the other children were taken into the Bison jail Monday. The others followed. The children were exhausted long secret talks with special U. S ful not to take Hoherz across the Walter s Robertson i state line because of the Lindbergh kidnap law. herz starter and other instruments on the car and forced him out onto the highway. and met for 39 minutes today and then called it quits until tomorrow, their negotiations apparently, snarled by Red fears that South j Korea will honor a truce only for a limited time. Official secrecy shrouded devel- opments inside the conference hut, but the Communist Peiping radio said the U. S.-South Korean accord "has placed another time bomb in the way to an armistice in Korea." While the delegates talked, the war thundered to its highest cres- cendo in two years. More than Chinese smashed into four South Korean divisions on the East- Central Front. The truce teams called another meeting for 11 a. m. Wednesday. After Tuesday's session, the U. N. Command reported that Communist liaison officers lodged a charge that an Allied shell land- ed in the Panmunjom neutral zone Sunday. The Reds charged Mon- day that Allied planes bombed a war prisoner assembly area north of Pyongyang July 10. No Reply The U. N. Command has not yet replied to Monday's protest. Although there was no announce- ment concerning the full-dress truce talks, Communist correspon- dents outside the hut said the negotiations were "getting no- where." Their comments usually reflect the official Communist line inside the conference. Alan Winnington of the London Daily Worker indicated the Reds Global Wheat Pact Extension Approved WASHINGTON three-year extension of the International Wheat Agreement, under which 41 nations pledge to buy 595 million bushels-from four major exporters, was ratified by the Senate late yesterday. The U. S. export quota is 270 million bushels. The government pays subsidies to exporters if the price they receive is lower than the domestic price. Such subsidies so far have cost 570 million dol- lars. Great Britain, a major importer, has been a party to the agreement in the past but has not signed the new pact, Badger Court To Decide on Turnpike Issue MADISON, Wis. State Supreme Court will decide next fall whether it is constitutional for a Wisconsin, turnpike commission to create a turnpike authority, out- side of state jurisdiction, to oper- ate a toll road. First step in bringing this ques- tion to the courts was taken by were asking a series of questions ed at getting more clarification assurances South Korea will abide by an armistice. It seemed clear that the Com- munists thus far were far .uimjj iaw. Peiping radio, quoting a wew Near Mclntosh Crane made Ho- china News Agency from explain how to operate the Kaesong Red headquarters, Kaesong, Red Reds Alarmed "The Robertson-Rhee talks, in- The 8th Army said earlier that the Chinese had driven at least two miles southward toward the Kumsong-Kumhwa below Kumsong. road network The Chinese made their deepest penetrations at the west and east flanks of the Allies' bulge into Red lines, between Kumhwa and Look- out Mountain. iu .1 J.11C -TtUUCi uauil 4-tiicc tairiij, needed a good washing. Tnree were Then, officers said, he fired two stead of providing definite guaran- barefoot. All were sunburned and i shots between Hoherz' legs a n d tee for the implementation of the their bodies were covered with warned him: "Keep your mouth I armistice -agreement, has placed huge welts from mosquito bites. snut and nothing will happen to j another time bomb in the way to When the car carrying Mrs. i I an armistice in Korea." voucher for a typewriter for the commission late Monday. East Berliners Storm Western Sector for Food BERLIN of hun- gry East Berliners gave the lie to Communist claims of ample1 today, storming across the sector border to take advantage of a West Berlin food relief program. Only three days after their Red government scornfully rejected a U. S. offer of 15 million dollars worth of food, the Easterners made a mass rush to buy privately do- nated stocks sold along one part of the border at a special reduced rate of exchange. The relief market opened in the borough of Kruezberg, with West Berlin city funds supplementing Crane and the children drove up to the jail, she at fir.st refused to leave the auto. "Get those people she told officers, pointing to a crowd of about 50, "I won't be stared at like a common she officer told her to get out or he would force her out. added r The pentrations at both ends of j MrSi crane, who with her child- the front could endanger a big j ren was piaced in a large, barred segment of the line, I room adjoining her husband's cell Associated Press Correspondent Sh00k her red hair, produced a hine S00 Robert Gibson said the Chinese cigaret from her worn dress and sent probing units as deep as four shouted at Crane: miles behind the mam fighting. t0 suffer for some- Some Reds were chopped down in j thing you' _. crossfire as they tried to get Crane, in a voice high-pitched through. Unbelievable Attack Gibson, reporting from the ROK Capitol Division at the west flank, said the Chinese, after breaching the line, funneled in more troops without thought of cost. "We have cut down two Chinese for a man, said he was a native of Bethany, Conn. He said he had been arrested on a forgery charge in Connecticut in 1940 and had de- serted from the Army in 1947. He said he and his wife were married in 1939 in Elkton, and had never settled in one spot. divisions pretty reported jast he had was on a one American officer with the bat- farm at yakima, Wash, tie-hardened Capitol Division. j He been jn perkins County, Officers at the front called the j south Dakota, since June looking Red artillery fire for a unbelievable." i "You can't find work with five The fighting was confused, with j the strapping, 210-pounder dejectedly communications hampered by sev aoiu ered wires. i "what do you think your wife Gibson reported several ROK and children will do? units were isolated, but and It was a similar picture along the blazing front. South Koreans fought to their death at many points as the Chinese swarmed recklessly over barbed wire entan- glements' and charged through Al- lied artillery. O Soup Half-Eaten Regardless of Fly PHOENIX, Ariz. diner asked him. a reporter "I don't Crane replied. 'It depends on if her father is still living at Clinton, Conn." Crane said he and his family arrived in North Dakota last Fri- day. It was at a cafe in New Salem where the argument took place over the sales tax, on some soda pop and other treats. Chief Mumby was called and put Crane in a car to take him to jail. Officers said Crane shot Mumby twice in the head while the police- J.-A it. i iic unit, i (.tiii-i. LJII-. ii v- j, patron was 'half finished with his j man was taking him to the New soup when he noticed a fly. Salem jail. The killing took place Gratiously, his waitress removed in a car belonging to Walter Ho- the bowl [herz, a New Salem farmer When the check 20-cent soup was arrived, marked the "10 Hoherz was forced at gun point to drive his car to a spot near Judson, N. D. There the body of Mumby was dumped. cents." The puzzled customer asked whv. -----r "You only ate half of replied I They drove to Raleigh, is. IX, the waitress. i where they got gas about a. Whereupon Dr. Clarence G. m. Sunday. From there they pro- Salsbury, Arizona's state director ceeded to a place about six miles of public health, paid his bill and north of Mclntosh, S. D. left. Crane told officers he was care- After leaving Hoherz, Crane and his family drove to Dupree where they spent the night in the car. Along that line, Winnington com- mented after Tuesday's session there are only two Rhee is in the truce or he is not. hours the stocks were buying was restricted from the immediately East Berlin neighbor- The food was sold at just over one-sixth the normal price. Mrs. Vera Crane, shown with her five chil- dren in the Perkins County jail in Bison, S. D., shouted through the bars to her husband, "We have to surfer for something you did." Edward E. Crane is accused of slaying the chief of police at New Salem, N. D., after he was arrested for creating a disturbance over paying a penny sales tax. The Cranes' children range in age from 20 months to 12 years. (AP Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald) Tax Budgets Compared The 1954-55 Winona Public Schools tax budget for the general fund follows with a comparison with the current operational budget: 1954-5S 1953-54 General Control: Superintendent and business office salaries, travel, office supplies, elections, miscellaneous........................ Instruction: Salaries........-...........-........... Secretaries...................... Books, supplies...................... Operation: Custodians, salaries, fuel, utilities, supplies, etc....................... Maintenance: Upkeep of grounds, building repair, equipment and materials improvement...... Auxiliary agencies I Transportation I Fixed Charges: Insurance, employes' retire- i ment, workmen's comp., etc................ 1 Capital Outlay: Purchase and improvement of grounds and buildings Community lunch Veterans program................................... Auxiliary Account: Athletic account, uniforms, admission taxes, laundry, supplies Contingency Reserve......................................... Total ESTIMATED RECEIPTS 1954-55 1953-54 Local Taxes: One mill tax Special school tax including 3 per cent for uncoUected taxes Mortgage tax Grain tax 600 600 Trailer tax................................... 150 Total Local County Taxes: County apportionment........................ State payment nonresident tuition........... Buffalo County Total State and federal aids........................... Receipts from other Community service Other revenue Nonrevenue receipts: (Noon movies, auto shop customers, etc.) Community lunch Veterans Auxiliary athletic fund Grand Total Directors Ask 10-Millsfor Sinking Fund Operating Figures Call for Increase Of About 1.9 Mills By GORDON HOLTE Republican-Herald Staff Writer The W i n o n (a Public Schools in the fiscal year of 1954-55 will emerge as a million dollar business oper- ation for the first time in history under the provisions of a tax budget approved by the Board of Education Monday night. The all-time record bud- get up from the one approved a year ago despite vigorous efforts dur- ing the past month by the school directors to reduce proposed expenditures to a min- be supported by a lo- cal special tax levy for the general fund of state and federal school aids and other miscellan- eous revenues totaling The special tax levy will be up approximately from last year with increases in state and fed- eral school aids and adduction in the estimated cash balance at the yn 600 end of the fiscal year providing for the remainder of the budget in- crease. The new special school tax for the general fund will require an in- crease of approximately 1.9 mills on 2 650 the basis of a mill value of slightly Bodies of 14 Plane Victims Recovered By ROY ESSOYAN HONOLULU Rescuers today pulled burned and mutilated bodies from shark-infested waters 350 miles east of Wake Island where a Transocean Airlines passenger plane crashed Saturday night with 58 aboard. Fifty passengers nine of them children and eight crewmen presumably perished in the crash. The Navy transport Barrett re- covered 14 bodies including nine women and two children. The Barrett radioed that all of the bodies showed evidence of violent sudden death with multiple bruises." The report said a previous mess- age that one victim showed evi- dence of flash burns proved er- roneous. Hope for survivors faded rapidly as the Barrett reported sighting the fifth and last raft carried by the ill-fated DC6B plane. The raft was empty. The Barrett's aboard the Navy transport said after viewing the mutilated bodies: 'There is little hope of any survivors." Dispatches from the Barrett in dicated the water was churning with sharks. The rescuers reported they could not retrieve the last three bodies sighted "because of sharks." The ship said earlier that it was unable to estimate how many bod- ies were in the immediate vicinity but that parts of bodies had been sighted. The airliner, bound from Guam to Oakland, Calif., was last heard from Saturday night, when it reported its position as 325 miles east of Wake. It apparently plunged into the sea minutes later without a chance to send out a distress signal. Condition of the bodies indicated the plane plunged in flames or exploded soon after crashing into the sea. A spokesman said the Hawaiian Sea Frontier would continue the air search for at least 24 hours more, with two planes on night search and two others on day search. Nationals Go Ahead in All-Star Tilt CINCINNATI m The National League, seeking its fourth straight victory, jammed two runs across in the fifth inning today to take a 2-0 lead over the American Leaguers in the 20th annual All- Star baseball game. The score by innings: Americans 000 00 Nationals 000 02 Robertson Heads Home to Report To Ike on Rhee TOKYO S. envoy Walter S. Robertson left today by plane for the United States to report directly to President Eisenhower on his 16 days of secret talks with scorched and President Syngman Rhee on a Ko- rean armistice. medical officer The assistant secretary of state is flying by way of Alaska, He re- portedly took with him a signed pledge by Rhee agreeing to abide by an armistice in Korea if one can be arranged at Panmunjom. B Freighter Sinks In Pacific Ocean SAN FRANCISCO The freighter Jacob Luckenbach plunged to the bottom of the Pa- cific Ocean minutes after an early morning collision today, but all crewmen were rescued, the Coast Guard said. The outbound Luckenbacb, re- portedly headed for the Far East from the Oakland Army depot, collided with the Hawaiian Pilot, inbound from Hawaii, in dense fog about 18 miles southwest of the Golden Gate. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy to cloudy tonight and Wed- nesday. Light local showers Wed- nesday. Little change in tempera- ture. Low tonight 65, high Wed- nesday 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 83; minimum, 67; noon, 78; precipitation, .33; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 78 at p. m. Mon- day, min. 67 at a. m. today. Clpuds broken at feet, over- cast at feet, visibility 12 miles, wind calm, humidity 75 per cent, barometer 30.02 rising slowly. more than Sinking Fund Up. After approving the levy for the general school fund, the board next turned its attention to the annual school building sinking fund levy for new school construction and capital improvement. Faced with tht prospect of financing its current program for the enlargement and exten- sion of facilities ft the Winona Senior High School, the board voted to return to a 10-mill sinking fund levy for the com- ing year. This is double the levy approved a year ago when the took cognizance of the city's critical fi- nancial situation in consequence of disasterous floods and certain mu- nicipal building needs, and repre- sents a return to a sinking fund levy of 10 mills that had been in effect for three previous years. In each of these three years the City Council vetoed the board pro- posal for a 10-mill levy, but the di- rectors mustered a three-quarters vote to override the veto. In 1948, a. board request for eight mills for school building purposes also was vetoed and a compromise was reached later on five mills. Monday night's action on the general fund and school' building sinking fund represented a cul- mination of discussions on the bud- get which highlighted the last three board meetings during the past month. Reduced by The final budget draft Is re- duced roughly from the original budget requests presented to the board by the school admin- istration last month. The lower figure was realized largely by substantial cuts in pro- posed expenditures for salaries, slashing by almost 50 per cent the amount earmarked for capital outlay and the elimination of the veterans training program. Spiraling costs of equipment and materials, the extension of school activities and continued growth of operation are major factors in swelling the budget over the mil- lion dollar mark. Of the increase over last year's budget, the largest single hike is seen in the general classi- fication for instruction which in- cludes salaries of faculty mem- bers, books, supplies and teaching materials. When the original budget draft was prepared last month there were provisions that would allow the board next it felt that such an action was necessary allow general salary increases of across-the-board for the 150-odd members of the teaching staff, allowing the regular in- crements provided in the salary schedule and placing all teachers on schedule. Original Allocation On the basis of these salary pos- sibilities, the total amount' for in- structional salaries was set at of which was under the heading of teachers' and principals' salaries. Last week the board began its review of individual budget list- ings and spent a substantial time in reducing to bare essentials the amounts designated for general school maintenance and operation during the next fiscal year. Monday night the board took up the matter of salaries and instruc- (Continued on Page IS, Column S) SCHOOL BOARD BUDGET
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