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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 26, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight; Showers Saturday, Temperature Same VOLUME 53, NO. 110 Receive Your Paper At Your Vacation 3321 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 26, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Hopes Revived for Korean Truce Map Points up highlights of the Korean war which entered its fourth year Thursday, Korean time. For the last two years much of the ground fighting has been in the area between the present battle line and the June, 1951, battle. (AP Wirephoto) Retiring Dean Warns Russia on A-Bomo WASHINGTON (in By ELfON C. FAY Gordon Dean has bowed out as head of Ameri- ca's atomic program with advice to Russia that starting a war would expose her to a rain of U. S. A-bombs "of almost any size." That was the picture Dean painted at a farewell news conference yesterday before his retirement next Tuesday, after four years in the job, as chairman of the Atomic TODAY Rhee Hard Man to Persuade JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP these words are written, the Korean pot is boil- ing hard, and the highest Ameri- can policy-makers frankly confess they have no idea what the final results will be. It is time to note, however, that the results may be vastly more serious than most peo- ple imagine. The present position is curious. Assistant Sec. of State Walter Rob- ertson, an able and courtly Virgin- ian, has been sent to Seoul to per- suade President Syngman Rhee to co-operate in the Korean truce. Robertson has a personal letter Energy Commission It would be a great he 'if Russia started a war be- she assumed the United from President President Rhee, Eisenhower to and other, less publicized means of persuasion. But the fact remains that Syng- man Rhee fell into the hands of the Japanese when he was a much younger and more malleable man, and they could not persuade him with bamboo rods to break his knuckles. The State Department and White House are maintaining a facade of confidence that Rob- ertson will somehow succeed where the Japanese failed. It will be a considerable diplomatic fact if he does. No Farouk For one thing, Rhee has more power at his disposal on the spot than do Robertson and Gen. Mark Clark. London has been rather pointe'dly reminding Washington of the Egyptian crisis in war time, when Sir Miles Lampson made ex- King Farouk see the light by sur- rounding his palace with tanks. But Rhee is no Farouk, and the comparative strength of the South Korean and other U.N. forces is very different from the compara- tive strength of the bedraggled Egyptian division and the British army of the western desert. Gen: Clark has officially advised Washington that a ROK division is now fully equal to an American division. There are 19 ROK divi- sions, as against six American di- visions. The ROK commander, Gen. Paik Sun Yut, has been so sympathetic to American policy that there is a question whether Rhee may not try to supplant him. In any case, again according to the report from Seoul, Rhee now (Continued on Page 8, Column 4.) ALSOPS said, cause States did not have the power to retaliate to the point of destruc- tion." Then, in contrast to the theory once held that bombs no weaker than the "nominal" ones dropped on Japan could ever be made- equivalent to the energy released in the explosion of tons of said the U. S. now has a whole family of A-bombs. He told of "the development of a family of atomic family which includes new designs of almost any usable energy re- lease, small or large, and of almost any size." He suggested it might be helpful if an official indication of the "magnitude" of the U. S. atomic weapons stockpile was given. But he didn't subscribe completely to proposals that the number of j bombs be published. Dean also looked at the other side of the picture. He said it might help the Civil Defense effort, which has been lagging, if Ameri- cans were presented with an offi- cial U. S. estimate of Russia's atomic capabilities. Yes, he said in response to a question, he had the information but it was not up to the AEC to issue it. He said that was some- thing for the White House, the National Security Council and other policy-making agencies to decide. Dean was asked if there has been any serious effort to cut back the three billion dollar atomic expansion program authorized a year ago. "None that I know he replied. To another question, he said the aircraft nuclear power project had been "stretched out" but he said he had no strong objections. No definite date for attainment of the project is needed, he said, and it would be better to work carefully. What about the project for an atomic engine for a big aircraft carrier? Fierce Floor Fight Seen on Excess Profits Tax Extension Forced Out After Committee Blockade By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON The Eisen- hower administration headed today into a bruising House floor battle over extension of the excess prof- its triumphantly smash- ing a committee blockade against the bill. Under strongest administration I pressure, the House Rules Commit- i tee decided last night to bypass the tax writing House Ways and Means Committee and force an extension bill directly to the House floor. The voice vote was reported to have been 7 to 4, with Democrats solidly opposing the move. It was the first victory in a long, bitter fight by the administration to ex- tend the due to expire next Tuesday for six more months. The rules committee acted in the face of cries from Chairman Dan- iel Reed (R-NY) of the ways and means committee that the move was unconstitutional and unprece- dented and was destroying "the very foundations of our legislative system." Threat to Quit At one point, Reed voiced a veiled threat to resign from the House, in which he has served 35 years. But Republican Leader Halleck of Indiana argued that Reed was frustrating the will of the Presi- dent, the will of the House and the will of the people by calling off all ways and means committee meetings to block action. The admittedly drastic maneuver to bypass the tax committee was the only way left to get action, Halleck insisted. It was not clear immediately when the showdown in the House would come. Speaker Joseph W. Martin (R-Mass) indicated it might be Monday. The administration braced for a storm of hot protests, even more against the procedure involved than against the tax it- self. Rep. Daniel Reed, 78-year- old chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, left the Rules Committee room last night after a hectic debate which ended with the adminis- tration winning a fight to force an excess profits extension bill for House consideration. By- passed was Reed's committee which bottled up the bill for several weeks. Reed said the Rules Committee "under pres- sure from the executive -and certain leaders on Capitol Hill" had assumed powers "which it does not possess and which I propose to further challenge." (AP to The Republican-Herald) Richardson to Be Judge of 10th District ST. PAUL UP) Gov. Anderson today announced his intention to appoint A. C, Richardson, Austin attorney, as judge .of the tenth judicial district next month. The district comprises Fillmore, Mower and Freeborn counties. The governor's announcement came after results of a bar poll were reported to him this morning. Richardson topped the list in the plebiscite. The judge-designate will assume his office July 16, when Judge Martin Nelson is elevated to the Minnesota Supreme Court. On July lie. Chief Justice Charles Loring me urst vote 01 tne House win come on approving the retire ana the governor already has declared his intention UUl wuu uaa iuaui< AHUIJJ sacrifices for team play. Should the administration lose, Associate Justice Wisconsin senator com- bill again would be blocked. to the top that some of those who GOP leaders said they were in Viola township east his opposition to the dent that when the chips in Olmsted County amendment to restrict down, they would win. Reed ago, Richardson has powers had been he would not concede that a entire life in violent. ity of the House "will endorse He was graduated Cringing unprecedented grab for power on the part of the rules University of Minnesota law school and began practice at said nobody is going to be able to rush the Bricker proposal Normally, the rules the Senate. It has been clears a bill for House action only after it has been approved by a legislative committee. Halleck in the Army during World War I he resumed practice at Austin in 1919,
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