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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 25, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Friday, Cooler Tonight Rochester at Winona Tonight at 8, KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 109 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 25, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Prolonged Drought in West Texas and heavy upstream irri- gation pumping have reduced the Rio Grande River to a com- parative trickle at International Bridge connecting Laredo and Nuevo Laredo, Mexico. This picture was taken from the U. S. side looking toward the modernistic Mexican border station. In front of the border station is a big concrete levee built as pro- tection against' floods. Louis B. Merrill, Southwestern regional di- rector of the U. S. Soil Conservation Service, called the drought in Texas now in its fourth year, and in Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana "the longest, the most severe and widespread in history." (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Benson Inspecting Southwest Drought Girl, 10, Calls White House About Brother in Korea LONG BEACH, Calif. Ten- year-old Mary Ruth Thomas doesn't believe in working through subordinates. She hadn't heard from her half- brother, Lloyd Thomas, 24, fighting in Korea, but she had heard her mother say Lloyd complained about not getting mail. Mary knew she had written him. She put in a long-distance tele- phone call for President Eisenhow- er to get things straightened out. White House aides suggested a tele- gram would be better. She sent one including a greeting to her brother which she asked the Chief Execu- tive to forward. There was no reply, but the bill for the phone call and telegram came Wednesday. Mary agreed to make payments out of her allow- ance. Ike Reports to Senate on Steps Taken in Korea WASHINGTON un President Eisenhower today gave Senate TODAY Another Surrender By Ike [y JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON Eisenhow- er administration has just added another major surrender to the long tale of its surrenders to the right or anti-Eisenhower wing of the Republican party. The story is curious indeed. In brief, Assistant Secretary Frank Nash is shortly leaving the Defense Department. Nash is the man who handles all __ the foreign policy being completely destroyed. wants a first-hand look at __. Farmers and livestock losses have pyramided into the millions promise he'll get it. County drought committees are to meet with Benson Saturday. He is to arrive in Lubbock tomorrow night. The Southwest's soil conserva- ___President met with the sen- ators for 90 minutes at lunch, and Sen. Bridges (R-NH) told newsmen afterward that the session dealt with the foreign situation in both Europe and in Korea. Bridges added, however, that the emphasis was on the delicate situ- ation in Korea where U. S. officials are trying to win the support of defiant President Syngman Rhee of South Korea for an armistice. tion chief, Louis Merrill, yester-1 Bridges said the picture Eisen- day called the drought in Texas, gave the lawmakers "does Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisi- not lool. Dut you couldn't ana "the longest and most severe' and widespread in history." Merrill said the drought is eclips- ing the great dry spells of 1886, 1909, 1917-18 and 1934-36. Crops are scorched. Deep cracks are spreading through seared and barren rangelands. Cattle -are starving. Merrill said virtually the entire Texas landscape "is browned and "Pastures are completely burned up all over the state and the North Texas corn crop is in danger of ramifications of American defense policy The new Defense Depart- ment team has no experience what- ever in the foreign policy aspect of their problem. Secretary of De- fense Charles E. Wilson sensibly wanted an experienced man to re- place Nash. The White House itself, speaking with the authoritative voice of pres- idential assistant Robert Cutler, therefore nominated the former Chief of State Department Policy Planning Staff, Paul H. Nitze, Wil- son assented and asked Nitze to go to work immediately as Nash's assistant. Wilson further indicated that Nitze would be promoted to Assistant Secretary when Nash left, L. J. Cappleman, state Farmers Home Administration director, says cotton "just didn't come up" in the area west of Wichita Falls, He says the North Texas plains wheat crop is "virtually a com-1 plete failure." I Merrill added that "except for] small areas, Arkansas, Oklahoma I and Louisiana are just as dry." "eavy damage to cottages ana Heat records are broken almost farm buildings m the Green-Flon- daily Water is rationed in Lakes area north of Willmar Texas cities There has been no I was reported in the wake of a CAO. J nlnnt-niAnl TlfVlirth say it is good." The senator declined to tell re- porters about any of the different approaches Eisenhower said this country might take. "The President outlined some of the steps he is in the process of taking, looking to possible solution of the Korean Bridges said. Willmar Area Homes Damaged By Wind Storm By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Heavy damage to cottages and substantial rainfall in none is in immediate prospect. The Weather Bureau says cool violent electrical-wind storm which swept West Central Minnesota Wednesday night. There were no me weainer .Bureau says tuui air from the arctic and North Pa- reported casualties, cific is crossing the nation farther north than usual. This leaves the India Reports New Violence Assistant secretary .LV.H., jjQrm man usual. uravca wic if the arrangement had proven sat- 1 Southwest vulnerable to arid winds jsfactory in the interval. Nitze ac- off the Mexican desert. cepted Wilson's offer, and took up his new duties ten days ago, At this point, however, a veto was interposed by Sen. Robert A. Taft Ordinary Republican patron- age hunger, plus the prejudices of Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy's spe- cial Republican clique, drove the Ohio senator to intervene. Taft ad- mitted that he had nothing what- ever against Nitze, a. registered Republican who made a large for- tune as a banker before becoming a brilliant civil servant. Taft only argued that Nitze could not have the job because he was a "hang- over from the old to use the current phrase. Efforts were made, through Vice President Richard Nixon, to get the veto withdrawn. But Taft. was determined to prevent any repeti- tion of the case of Charles E. Boh- len, when the Eisenhower adminis- tration was actually forced, for once in a way, to take a stand and make a fight. "Clear it with Bob" is now a firmer rule than "clear it with Sidney." Nitze, hearing of the trouble, volunteered to release Secretary Wilson from their prior understanding. Wilson then sacri- ficed Nitze, with the .full know- ledge of President Eisenhower. Perhaps the best commentary on this episode is an extremely well vouched for story of an exchange between Robert Cutler and Under Secretary of State W. Bedell Smith. Cutler had brought Bedell Smith a White House decision that a nomi- nee for another important post was objectionable because he served the Truman administration. Smith remarked that he was surprised to hear such an objection, since he, Smith, was also a survivor from the Truman past. Cutler hastily ex- plained that Smith's case was dif- ferent, whereas Smith growled: "And furthermore, Cutler, I car. tell you still another man who's a (Continued on Page 13, Column 4) ALSOPS To Wed Photographer. NEWPORT, R. I. tB-Sen. John F. Kennedy 36, one of the country's most eligible and wealthy bachelors, and Miss Jac- queline Lee Bouvier, 23, a 1948 Newport and N.ew York debutante who became a news photographer, plan to be married Sept. 12. lence was reported today in the wake of the death in political cap- tivity of Hindu extremist leader Syama Prasad Mookerjee. The new outbreaks were in Jam- mu, predominantly Hindu center of Southern Kashmir. Police had clashed with a crowd of Mooker- jee's supporters in Delhi, the cap- ital's twin city, following announce- ment of the death Tuesday. Mookerjee, leading right-wing opponent of Prime Minister Jawa- harlal Nehru's government, died in Kashmir, where he had been arrested five weeks ago for defying a ban on his entering the disputed state. The government attributed his death to a heart attack follow- ing pleurisy. Reports from Kashmir said gov- ernment troops were patrolling Jammu and mobs still prowled the streets following a riot yesterday broken up by police tear gas. The reports said four persons were injured and eight arrested. Bemidji Park Ordered Closed ST. PAUL order to close Bemidji State Park, on the north end of Lake Bemidji, about seven miles from the city on July 1, was issued today by the state parks director. John Martin, deputy director, said the order was necessary be- cause Beltrami County has noti- fied the state it will be unable to contribute to match the state's appropriation for maintenance of the park. A, D. Johnson, Beltrami County auditor, told Martin by telephone that the county cannot finance its share because of the limitation of tax income. He said the county is unable to make additional tax levy before July 1. Farm buildings were set afire by lightning, roads blocked by felled trees and power and phone lines ripped out by the blow, which struck shortly before 10 p.m. Jack Christenson, Kandiyohi County deputy, said at Green Lake, about 12 miles northeast of Will- mar, one cottage was blown out into the lake and a second de- molished by the wind. All roads into the Florida Lake area, four miles west of Green Lake, were reported blocked by downed utility poles and trees. The Willmar rural fire depart- ment was summoned to the John Fladeboe farm at Eagle Lake when he reported lightning had set a fire which spread to several out- buildings. In Minneapolis, the Weather Bureau said it was not ruling out the possibility of a small tornado in the Willmar area but favored the theory that a straightaway high wind had caused the damage. At Willmar, where a torrential rain fell for a brief time, the wind was clocked at a steady 65 miles per hour with gusts up to 90. The same storm, but with diminished wind intensity, doused the Twin Cities in a heavy downpour shortly before 1 a.m. today. Cop Has Last Laugh on Youth DETROIT Louis. Mioduszewski Wednesday had the last laugh on a 21-year-old youth arrested on an illegal occupation charge. The police officer and the youth, Gene Thompson, appeared before Recorder's Judge Joseph Gillis. Mioduszewski said Thompson was arrested for taking part in a crook- ed crap game. The policeman said he had five pairs of dice to prove his charge. Judge Gillis promptly bawled out the officer for taking the dice with- out a warrant. Thompson stood by chuckling at the discomfort of the red-faced patrolman. Finally Judge Gillis told Miodus- zewski to return the dice "if you know who the owner "They're mine, Your Thompson said still smiling. "That's all I wanted to Judge Gillis replied. He sentenced Thompson to 90 days for engaging in an illegal occupation. Reserve Board Eases Tight Money Policy Aimed to Help Treasury Meet Borrowing Needs By FRANK O'BRIEN WASHINGTON Federal Reserve Board has suddenly eased its tight money policy in a.move it said will help the Treasury meet huge borrowing needs without cut- ting into the nation's prosperity. The board announced late yes- terday it was lowering the amount of reserves its member banks are required to keep. The action was expected to increase bank lending power by about A Treasury spokesman said the Treasury estimates it will have to borrow between five and six billion dollars in the next three months, and will announce next week how it will do so. Secretary of the Treasury Hum- phrey said in a statement the Fed- eral Reserve Board had not start- ed a retreat from the Eisenhower administration's hard money pol- icy, which has resulted in a gen- eral rise in interest rates. Acts Independently He said the board acted inde- pendently, but after "full consulta- tion" with the Treasury. The reserve board's announce- ment said it acted "in anticipation of the exceptionally heavy demands on bank reserves which will devel- op in the near future when season- al requirements of the economy will expand and Treasury financ- ing (borrowing) in large volume is inescapable." Humphrey has said the Treasury will need 9 to 12 billion dollars new money in the next six months. The federal reserve has acted to supply Treasury money needs of the next three months only, and evidently will await developments before any further loosening of the money supply, or new restriction. The board's action concerned the percentage of demand deposits, inch as checking accounts, which member banks must deposit as a reserve with the federal reserve system. Lending Power Deposits which the federal re- serve requires banks to hand over to it can neither be loaned nor invested, so the percentage of re- quired reserves regulates the amount banks can lend. When the federal reserve lowers reserve re- quirements, as at present, lending power is increased. Under the new regulations, effec- tive July 1, the smallest "country" federal reserve member banks may keep 13 instead of 14 per cent of their deposits in the hands of the reserve system. Effective July 9, the board said banks in cities with federal re- serve branch banks may drop their reserves to 19 instead of 20 per cent of their demand deposits, and banks in cities with federal reserve district banks may keep 22 instead of 24 per cent of their deposits in reserve. Federal reserve member banks hold about 85 per cent of commercial deposits. 5 Korean POWs Escape SEOUL United Nations Prisoner of War Command said today five anti-Communist Korean POWs escaped Tuesday night from the prison hospital camp here. Fast ruce Sta Girl, 6, May Lose Eye In Firecracker Blast RICHMOND, Calif. UP) Linda Bledsoe, 6, found a July 4 torpedo Wednesday. She didn't know what it was "A little boy told me it would bust if I threw it on the sidewalk. It did." Particles embedded in her face and right eye. Doctors say she may lose the sight of that eye. Ex-Independence Man Refuses to Say if He's Red WASHINGTON George F. Markham, union- official and form- er Wisconsin newspaperman, refus- ed Wednesday to tell the House Un-American Activities Committee whether he is or ever was a Com- munist. Markham listed various reasons for his refusal, including his right to protection of the Constitution arid its guarantees that nobody can be compelled to testify against himself. The committee is investi- gating Communist influences in ed- ucation. The 43-year-old witness, now ed- ucational director for the New Eng- land District of the Independent Fur and Leather Workers Union, testified that as a result of what he termed a "kangaroo court" of Navy officers he was dismissed from the naval service as a re- serve officer. Markham said "wild statements" but no witnesses were produced against him at a hearing he con- ceded was built around efforts to determine whether he had Com- munist affiliations. He declined to answer when ask- ed whether Herbert Philbrick, for- mer undercover man for the FBI, told the truth in testifying to Sen- ate investigators that Markham was a Red. The witness, a slight man whose black, crew-cut hair is shot with gray, said that after he graduated from the University of Wisconsin in 1933 he worked for the Wiscon- sin Rapids Tribune, the New Bed- ford, Mass., Standard Times, and for The Associated Press in Boston from 1936 to 1939. His home was Independence, Wis., where his father, J. A. Markham, an attor- ney, is still residing. After that, he said, he worked for the American Newspaper Guild in Boston until he went into the Navy in 1942. After leaving the Navy in 1945, he said, he worked both for the Guild and as Massa- chusetts State Legislative agent for the CIO. He said he took his present job with the fur and leather workers union in 1947. All told, Markham declined 44 times to answer questions as to whether he had any Communist af- filiations. South Korean President Syngman Rhee addressed massed thou- sands before the capitol building in Seoul today on the anni- versary of the third year of the Korean War. An aide held an umbrella over the president's head to shield him from the boiling sun. Rhee told the crowd, estimated at half a million, that a truce must meet South Korean demands. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Tokyo to The Republican-Herald) SECURITY SLIPS Weapons- Carry in g Vehicle Revealed WASHINGTON security slip was showing today with, publication of recent testimony about military secrets by Army officials before a House appropriations subcommittee. Military secrets which popped into the open included information about: 1. An entirely new weapons-carrying vehicle, nicknamed "The Thing" but carrying the official designation to be used variously, including as a mount for a new "very high-powered" recpilless rifle and for a quad- ruple .50-caliber anti-aircraft weap- on against low-flying planes. 2. A plan to provide "much longer range" for the 280-milli- meter cannon, which now has a 20-mile accurate range and fires either atomic or conventional shells, and. a new shell, slightly smaller than the caliber of this giant expected to extend its range, "by abo.ut.50 per cent." 3. "Extra light two of which are under test, of a type expected eventually to replace the 28-ton .Walker Bulldog tank. 4. A lightweight radar for battie- frbnt use, apparently to help detect enemy attempts at infiltration of the front line, a technique much used by the Communists in the Korean War. 5. A long-range radar IFF (iden- tification, friend or which could mean the identification of aircraft long before they are within range of anti-aircraft guns or guided missiles. 6. A folding, portable bridge, to be carried on top of a tank as a shelter for the crew while being put in place under enemy fire. 7. A steam outboard motor for small boats, to be used for quiet crossing- of rivers when the noise of gasoline outboard motors would warn the enemy. Army officials expressed amaze- ment and appeared appalled when copies of the printed testimony released by the subcom- mittee reached the Pentagon. Among the pages was informa- tion on new weapons still stamped secret by the pentagon. It was not immediately clear how the mater- ial had come to be left in that portion of testimony sent for pub- lic printing. Security cropped up on some odd subjects. There were "off the record" notations for discussions on such topics as .the number of cigarets for prisoners of war in Korea, a publicity release to bus- inessmen on why they should sup- port the National Guard, and feed for the courier pigeons of the Sig- nal Corps. son, fatally injured in a fall from the moving auto driven by her husband near Windom. The Cotton- wood County coroner said the woman had been under treatment for a nervous condition. Marie Ann, 23-month-old daugh- ter of Mr. and Mrs. Harold Kinney, St. Paul, drowned when she wandered away from the family's summer home at Mahtomedi and fell over a steep bank into White Bear Lake. Edward 0. Rasinski, 34, of rural Bovey, pinned beneath his tractor when it tipped, with his wife look- ing on helplessly from a kitchen window. The couple have five children, the oldest 6. London Murderer Sentenced to Die LONDON R. Christie, confessed strangler of seven women, was convicted of murder today and sentenced to die. An Old Bailey jury of nine men and three women found the 55-year old wartime policeman sane, thus rejecting a defense plea that he was "mad as a March hare." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair to- night and Friday. Cooler tonight. Low tonight 58, high Friday 79. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 91; minimum, 70; noon, 73; precipitation, 1.16; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 85 at p.m. Wed- nesday. Min. 68 at a.m. today, noon 78. Skies clear, visibility 15 miles, wind from west -at 18 miles per hour, .barometer 29.80 rising, humidity 46 per cent. 3 Children Drown In State Mishaps By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Drownings took the lives of three children Wednesday, and two auto accidents, a tractor mishap, and a fall from a horse added to the toll of accidental deaths in Minnesota. David 14, son of Mr. and Mrs. William Vener, Ward Springs, Minn. He was thrown from his' horse when it collided with an automobile near his home while he was on his way to bring the cows home for milking. Louis Clark, son of Mrs. Fannie Clark, and Franklin John- son, 13, son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Johnson, drowned in Red Lake near Redby in a vain attempt to swim ashore when the anchor rope on their boat broke and the boat drifted into the lake. Francis Sar- gent stayed in the boat until the wind blew it to the opposite shore, 16 miles away. Authorities were dragging for the bodies today. John Halvorson, 63, Cloquet, killed in a two-car collision near Alexandria while returning from a motor trip to the West Coast. His wife was only slightly hurt, as were two occupants of the sec- ond machine. Mrs. Arthur Johnson, 74, Jack- Chinese Unleash Drive On Korean Front By MILO FARNETI SEOUL Chinese Commu- nists Friday (Korean time) un- leashed a drive on the Korean front, throwing an esti- ike's Envoy In Seoul to Meet Leader ROKs Cheer Speech Urging 'Showdown With Communists' By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SEOUL UPl Eisen- hower's personal envoy meets President Syngman Rhee Friday in a last-ditch effort to persuade him to accept a Korean armistice, but Rhee showed no sign of yield- ing. The fiery old South Korean leader demanded a "showdown with the Communists" now to the cheers of thousands of rallying South Koreans today just before Walter S. Robertson flew in on hurried trip from Washington. The U. S. State Far East chief told newsmen on his arrival in Seoul that a split between South Korea and its allies now would mean victory only for the Communists. He carried a se- cret, urgent message for Rhee. As Robertson spoke, the rubbled old South Korean capital still rung to the cheers of an estimated 000 Koreans who had heard Rhea demand Korean unity by treaty or by.guns in a fight to the death. Robertson was expected to meet Rhee at his hilltop home at a. m. Friday p. m. today The United Nations Command hopes that at that meeting Rhee will agree to go along with an armistice now and let a post- armistice conference try to work out- unity for Korea with words, not artillery. Robertson conferred at length ia Tokyo with Gen. Mark Clark, U. N. commander, before flying with U. S. message to Korea. He accompanied to Korea by Ellis O. Briggs, U. S. ambassador to Ko- rea. The message presumably is in- tended to bring the balky, 78-year- old President into line with a truce that was all but signed be- fore he stymied least tem- arbitrarily releasing anti-Red Korean prisoners. Since then, armistice hopes have hung suspended between fears of mated division into one attack wnat Rhee will do next and how alone on the northern approaches to Seoul. The attacks sent- the Korean War roaring into its fourth year at a time when the issue of more war or an armistice hung on crucial talks in Seoul. The attacks, breaking a day-long lull Thursday on the war's third anniversary, kicked off behind violent artillery barrages. The attacks boiled up both in the West and on the East-Central Front. Confused reports said up to a di- vision of Chinese Reds hit the vital Western Front Thursday night west of Yonchon, which is 40 miles north of Seoul. A U. S. officer with the South Koreans said the Chinese attack was supported by an estimated rounds of artillery and mor- tar fire. Fighting still raged in the early morning hours. Another Chinese struck on the East Central Front where a Red drive last week pushed a bulge Reds will react. Anniversary Speech Rhee's speech came on the third anniversary of the Korean a day that only a week ago was expected by many to be Korean armistice day. However, Rhee's release of the prisoners, bis unbending demand for agreed unification, and his un- willingness to accept the agreement pushed' an armistice somewhere into the future. Rhee spoke defiantly from the battle-scarred Capitol building in his aging, scratchy voice. "Our hopes are almost he said, referring to his own terms for truce. "There must be a showdown with the Communists now. "If we win it, as we surely will, Korea will be unified. "If not, we will fight on to crush the enemy until every one of us dies." He said South Korea should be two miles deep in the Allied lines. given the 'freedom to "fight on, if The Chinese poured in through by ourselves to decide our the darkness and struck the little I own fate by our own handsT" Nori-Kelly Hill sector. This broke a three-week lull on that vital sec- tor of the Western Front. The Chinese apparently are still throwing the big attacks at South Korea's army. South Korea vio- lently opposes an armistice and Communist correspondents at Pan- iminjom have said the Red attacks were to "teach the South Koreans a lesson." Reports from the battlefront gave few details of the fighting. The commander of Far East Air Forces, Gen. 0. P. Weyland, said Allied warplanes have destroyed, "the war-making potential" of the Communists in North Korea. Weyland apparently referred to the destruction of Communist war plants in North Korea. Red armies in Korea still are supplied from Manchuria and Russia. In a statement issued from his Tokyo headquarters, Weyland said 950 Communist 779 swift MIG been shot down in aerial battles since June 25, 1950. The Allies have lost 973 planes, 108 to Bed warplanes, 661 to ground fire and 204 to unknown engine trouble. The Air Force also claimed its planes have destroyed in three years Communist trucks, railroad cars, bridges and tanks. Although Rhee's speech showed no hint of a change in his policy, both Rhee and Robertson earlier expressed hope their crucial face- to-face meeting could find a way to an armistice in this war-rav- aged country. Robertson told newsmen: "I am still hopeful that I will be able to remove all misunderstandings and differences that stand in the way of peace." And Rhee himself said Robert- son's visit may open "new chan- nels" for a solution. Talks Suspended The armistice talks themselves remained suspended until the Al- lies answer a violent Red protest over Rhee's release of the POWs. There was no indication when the next meeting would called. Meanwhile, Gen. Mark Clark, U. N. commander, said in Tokyo the Allies have achieved their avowed purpose by stopping Bed aggression and pushing the Com- munists back across the 38th Par- allel, the jumpoff point of three years ago. In an anniversary message to the U. N. Command, Clark said the ultimate goal remains: "An honorable armistice, follow- ed by the peaceful unification of Korea."
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