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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 23, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Local Showers, Warmer Tonight and Wednesday Chiefs at Waseca Tonight at 8, KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 107 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JUNE 23, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Troops Await Outcome of Truce Talks Fighting Along Front Light; Reds Predict Armistice By MILO FARNETI SEOUL troops jabbed lightly at Allied lines across Korea and patrols prowled through no man's land today. Both Allied and Communist armies appeared to be awaiting the outcome of tangled armistice negotiations. Communist loudspeakers on the Central Front again blared their prediction that an armistice will be signed anni- versary of the war. The Reds had predicted a truce on June 25 for days before an armistice was jeopardized by South Korea's re- lease of more than anti- Communist war prisoners. The biggest Red probing attack Tuesday was in company strength, the Eighth Army reported. Overcast skies and rain ground- ed most Allied warplanes. The Eighth Army said more than Communists were killed last week, most of them in the bloody fighting on the Central Front. The total was the biggest since the battles for White Horse Mountain and Triangle Hill last October. Farmers May Be Best Diplomats, Bankers Told MILWAUKEE Farmers of the nation might be more effec- tive than military leaders or diplo- mats in promoting' world peace, the Wisconsin Bankers Association was told today. E, J. Cashman of New Rich- mond, president of Doughboy In- dustries, Inc., suggested that by giving some of the needy nations more United States farm food pro- ducts this country might accom- plish more than through loans of military equipment. "By one stroke, we could elim- inate the surplus problem for the farmers and lay the foundation for FARM FIGHT AND YOU Struggle Revolves Around Program of High Price Supports By OVID MARTIN and DON WHITEHEAD (Editor's note: A new civil war is up, and you have a stake in you live on a farm or in the city. Ifs the battle over farm prices, productions, supports, all of which touches your daily life if you most people do. In this first of four articles, two veteran AP writers survey the farm picture from every angle.) WASHINGTON bitter struggle in America's farm world today is moving toward a supreme test of President Eisenhower's campaign pledge to give farmers a new agriculture program. The fight is being waged from the grassroots of the farms to the halls of Congress with make-or-break intensity. .The final decision will come next year when Con- gress must extend or revise the present laws governing the farm program. The fight revolves around the federal government's program of high and rigid price supports for the basic crops of wheat, corn, cotton, tobacco, rice and peanuts. This program evolved during 20 years of Democratic administra- tion, BUt the Eisenhower plane carrying three Illinois Secretary of Agriculture Ezra ermen was believed located today Taft Benson-want to revise it be- in 30 feet of water just off the th are convinced high and Wisconsin shore of Lake Superior. rigid price props encourage the The Coast Guard reported Mon- production of huge surpluses, pro- day night it had hooked into what mote wasteful farm practices, and appeared to be wreckage of the j pnce products out of markets, plane about 300 feet from the i particularly foreign markets, mouth of the Poplar River, about Fundamental Issue 20 miles southeast of here.- Search for the ship, missing since Missing Plane Carrying 3 Found In Lake Superior DULUTH, Minn. A missing Friday, has been handicapped by fog and rough water. Waves con- tinued so high Monday, the suspect- ed wreckage could not be raised. The hunt began when a logbook kept by Ferd Turner, Marion, 111., j was discovered floating in a large I slick Friday. Turner's wife said he and two other Illinois men had left early that day for a Canadian fishing trip. Their route would have taken them over this area. FBI Probing Philadelphia Warehouse Fire PHILADELPHIA ffl-FBI agents sound, lasting feeling of good j and city fire officials today probed toward the United States in all mins of a five-story warehouse parts of the world." which collapsed and burst into Cashman also called upon the i flames, destroying tons of baled state bankers to give farmers more i rubber and tanned leather from assistance in financing, naming the government stockpiles, chicken broiler and turkey Indus-j Hundreds of firemen 'fought the tries in Wisconsin as good pro- spects. "The turkey industry represents stubborn blaze for hours yesterday as volumes of black smoke be- fogged North Philadelphia and one of the best pieces of bankable temporarily halted service on a business to bankers of the j Reading Railroad line overpass alongside the warehouse site. Many firemen were treated for smoke inhalation or minor injuries. Intense heat foiled attempts to probe the rubble of bricks, wood and blazing rubber bales for pos- sible victims. Some reports said 12 persons were trapped when the structure suddenly collapsed. But an em- ploye of the warehouse said he was with'its "crew" of "four "and three the onlv one in the building when paratroopers The big transport ihe felt a shaking like an earth- was part of the airlift taking the quake, saw flames, and fled to U. S. 187th Regimental Combat safety before the cave-in. The FBI denying reports that he said. B Flying Boxcar Vanishes in Rain TOKYO C119 Flying Box- car vanished in a rainstorm today Team to Korea. The pilot radioed shortly after taking off from Southern Japan's sabotage was considered a proba- bility, said it was investigating to Ashiya air base that the gyro- ascertain whether "any violation compass had failed and he was i of statutes" effecting destruction returning to base. It was his last! government property was in- message. volved. Japanese police at Moji on the I The government had stored the northern tip of Kyushu, reported Ibaled rubber in the the plane may have crashed into IOWDed bv the Alba Warehouse the rugged mountains near there I a lease contract, about a. m. A ground party I was no immediate indication was sent into the mountains. 'of cause of the fire. Beyond the price support dis- pute lies a broader and more fun- damental issue. It is whether there will be a change of direction in the entire philosophy of the federal government's role in aid to farm- ers. Both sides in the controversy have the same announced goal: greater prosperity for the farmer. The differences arise over their methods. On the one side, the Eisenhower administration and its supporters say there must be a change in the basic approach to prosperity for the farmer. In its simplest terms, the Benson philosophy holds the farmer should rely more on bis own good sense and business ability and less on government subsidy to realize a truly sound farm economy. It is argued that the trend has been more and more toward government that this trend inevitably will lead to complete government domina- tion of the farm economy. On the other side, opponents claim the high support program was built up 'carefully over the years by both Republicans and Democrats and reflects what the farmer thinks is best for himself and the consumer. They say it has worked well, with some ex- ceptions, and argue that the farm- er is entitled to government help in achieving a fair income. They assail the Eisenhower-Benson phil- osophy as a threat to economic gains made by the farmers since the black days of the depression. Both sides believe in the use of price supports as a device to help the farmer. This method of bol- stering farm income has become accepted as a way of life in the agricultural world. It is agreed that in the interest of a sound national economy the federal gov- ernment must guarantee the farm- er the equivalent of a minimum wage for his production. The trou (Continued on Pago 8, Column 5.) FARM FIGHT 7 in State Mishaps Turn Private Citizen Harry S. Tru- man of Independence, Mo., stood on the steps of the na- tional capitol much like thou- sands of other tourists who visit the city. The former Presi- dent who twice took oaths of office on these same steps is making his first visit to Wash- ington since leaving the White House in January. (AP Wire- photo) While Intense Flames boiled upward, firemen moved into rubble of a building in central Philadelphia after an explosion wrecked the four-story warehouse. Note .partially buried automobile in right foreground. (AP Wirephoto) Up Safely INTERNATIONAL FALLS, Minn. HV-A Minneapolis man reported missing after a storm Sunday on Rainy Lake was back at the resort where he was staying today. At the same time two Interna- tional Falls couples stranded for three days after their motor conk- ed out were able to return home. And an elderly Chicago couple was rescued after their boat tipped over. The Minneapolis man, identified only as M. W. Anderson, returned after being stranded over night. He reported he had spent the night about three miles from the resort in a cabin owned by another Minneapolis man, Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd Skaro and Mr. and Mrs. Don Carrier, all of International Falls, were blown across the lake as the wind whip- ped up six and eight-foot waves, after starting for Browns Bay, 35 miles away, Friday night. A fisherman, Allen Kilczewski, found them and towed them to his camp on Rat River, on the Cana- dian side. They were towed back to International Falls late Monday. After their boat turned over, an elderly Chicago couple named Egan held on, with Henry Bauer, a resort operator, until help arriv- ed about-20 minutes after the boat tipped. They were treated for shock. Truman Strolls, Breakfasts With Top Democrats WASHINGTON S. Tru- man talked with top Democratic congressional leaders at breakfast today after a two-mile stroll around downtown Washington.. The former President walked for 30 minutes, exchanging greetings with pedestrians, cab drivers and passing motorists, and enjoyed every minute of it. Sam Rayburn, Democratic lead- er of the House; Rep. McCormack the House Democratic whip, and Sen. Johnson the Senate minority leader, came in for breakfast at Truman wanted to invite former Vice President Barkley but he was out of town. On his early walk the 69-year- old Truman struck out from the Mayflower Hotel at his usual 120- steps a minute. People on the street greeted him with a friendly "Hello, Mr. and at least a half dozen different cab drivers shouted "Hello, Harry, glad you're back." Waving a friendly greeting, he responded that he was "glad to be back." One motorist bellowed from the window of his car: "Hello, Harry, we're glad to have you back home." The ex-Presideat chuckled heart- ily but told reporters who went along with him: "My home is in Independence, Mo." The ex-President's whole pro- gram was that of a happy tourist free of official restrictions and Truman confessed he enjoyed the change. Russia Opens Wide Areas To Foreigners Mrs. Perle Mesta First to Benefit From New Freedom By THOMAS P. WHITNEY MOSCOW Soviet govern- ment has opened wide areas of European and Asiatic Russia to unrestricted travel by foreigners. The first visitor to benefit from the new freedom will be'Mrs. Perle Mesta, President Truman's party- giving minister to Luxembourg. The relaxation was disclosed last night in an official note delivered to all foreign diplomatic missions in Moscow. It was regarded as a significant step since even for- eign diplomats until now have been limited in their movements. (The order gave no indication that the Soviets' tight policy on admission of foreign visitors was being relaxed. In recent years only carefully usu- ally have been given entry visas. (There was no immediate indi- cation from Washington that the Soviet move would be followed by similar U. S. action. Countering Moscow, the U. S. since March, i 1952, has required all Soviet offi- j cials to get State and Defense De- partment permission before trav- eling more than 25 miles from Washington or New York City. Other NATO nations have followed suit.) Mrs. Mesta, who arrived here June 12 for a visit, plans to leave soon for the Zaborozhe section of the Ukraine, home of the Za borozhe steel plant and the Dniep- er Dam. Although her trip was j okayed before the travel bans were relaxed, observers here figured both were part of the same pat- tern. The new order apparently clears the way for foreign residents to visit much of European Russia and' vast sections of Siberia but it still lists many restricted areas. It also bans automobile journeys of more than 25 miles outside Mos- cow, except to three monastery town of Zagorsk, the Tchaikowsky Museum at Klin and the Tolstoy Museum at Yasnaya Polyana, south of Tula. Even these cannot be visited by car without prior notice. The new regulations also specify 16-mile-deep forbidden zones along the Soviet Union's borders with five neighboring way, Finland, Turkey, Iran and Afghanistan. There are no such zones, however, along borders with such Soviet allies in Eastern Eu- rope as Poland, or along the Chi- nese-Russian frontier in Asia. Despite the remaining restric- tions, it apparently is possible now to travel the entire length of the Volga River to its mouth on the .Caspian Sea at Astrakhan, and to i ride the Trans-Siberian Railway all the way to Vladivostok. Areas of European Russia in which travel is now permitted in- Patricia Johns, above, 18, of Fresno, Calif., was chosen "Miss California" at Santa "Cruz, Calif., from a field of 20 entrants before a crowd of 000 on the beach. Her measure- ments are 36-26-34 and she stands 5-5 and weighs 120 pounds. She will represent the state in the "Miss America" pageant at Atlantic City in Sep- tember. CAP. Wirephoto) elude: 1. Most of the Soviet Union's Black Sea coast, including the Crimean Peninsula and such re- sort centers as of a famous wartime Big Three meet- ing, Sochi, Adler 'and Gagry. Only three Crimean cities, Sevastopol, Kerch and Fedosiya, remain on the restricted list. 2. The arctic ports of Murmansk and Archangel. 3. All of the Ukraine except the western regions and the Black ._ ____ _, _ Sea port of Nikolavesk. The order j the Fascist Western agents" in the Peter Von Daikowitsky, 11-year-old orphan, pointed to his borne town of Schwerin, upper, and to West Berlin where he arrived to- day after a 120-mile train trip through riot-torn East Germany. Traveling without a permit on a constantly-checked train, Peter arrived safely in East Berlin and through the unexpected, unusual kindness of Communist officials and the Peoples' police was es- corted across the tank-sealed East Berlin border into West Berlin. (AP Wirephoto by radio from Berlin to The Republican-Herald) Rebellion Spreads East Germany n Protest Marchers Defy Red Tanks, Martial Law Edict By TOM REEDY BERLIN UP) Hunger stalked Germany's Communist Eastern zone today, fizzing the powderkeg which exploded last week into a workers' rebellion against Russian repression. Refugees to West Berlin reported that the East Germans, undaunted BARNUM, Minn. into by Soviet tanks and firing squads, i filing current of the Moose- have defied martial law with horn wfcen their boat sank protest marches demanding bread after it was smashed against a low through the streets of Leipzig, j a minister's wife and her Son Drown at Barnum, Minn. Dresden, Demnitz and Eisenach. The tottering puppet government of Premier Otto Grotewohl ad- mitted it faced "grave problems" in feeding the 18 million restive Its news agency announced state food handling agencies had pledged to make up the losses "caused by East Germans, and broadcasts removed previous restrictions on visits to Kiev, the Ukrainian capi- tal, and apparently means that the Dnieper Dam and the industrial Donbas region also may be viewed. 4. All of Byelorussia (White Rus- including its capital city of Minsk. This Soviet republic takes in the border area just east of Poland. 5. All of Soviet Armenia. This region is in the Caucausus, just north of Turkey. 6. All of Soviet Azerbaijan, ex- cept the southern area near the Iranian border. Train travel from Baku, oil port on the 'Caspian Sea, to Tbilisi (Tiflis) also will be per- mitted. Although some districts in Cen- tral Asia are still on the restricted lists, it will now be possible for foreigners to visit such storied cities as Samarkand, blue-domed capital of Tamerlane; Bokhara; and Tashkent. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and able cloudiness and warmer to- night and Wednesday. Local thun- dershowers. Low tonight 60, high Wednesday 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 60; noon, 60; precipitation, .30; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. Temp. 80 at p. m. Mon., Min. 60 at today. Noon read- PO. Blanket layer of clouds at overcast at visibility 3 miles with light thundershowers, Darometer 30.14 wind from east at 18 miles per hour, hu- midity 82 per cent strike and riot wave launched June 17. Farmers were urged to co-oper- ate. Bread Shortage East Berlin was better off than most areas, but with two policing Russian armored divisions living off what was available the city was short of bread and potatoes. Refugees described conditions in many Soviet zone cities as catas- trophic. Communist police patrols, they said, were touring the streets with sound trucks blaring that things would get better. Farmers, browbeaten for years by arbitrary Communist quotas, were reported withholding their produce from central state collec- tion points, bringing extension of the Red Army's martial law to the agricultural belt. Farmers also were said to be making behind-the-fence deliveries of food to workers and their fam- ilies in distressed areas. The wave of arrests and execu- tions continued. The anti-Red un- derground estimated alleged strike leaders were behind bars. Wave of Terror The latest death penalty reported was meted out to Communist May- or H. W. Hartmann of Doebernitz, in Saxony-Anhalt. He was the first party official reported engulfed in the wave of terror and the 22nd German definitely known to have been executed. Refugees said Hartmann knocked down a German Commu- nist policeman who fired into a crowd of demonstrators. Soviet military courts dealt out scores of 25 year sentences in Magdeburg and Leipzig. Four thousand East Berliners were re- ported in jail. There was some relaxation of (Continued on Page 11, Column 7.) BERLIN 2-year-old son drowned near here late Monday. Barnum is 41 miles southwest of Duluth. The Rev. Glen Olmon, 33, with David, 6, and Janet, 4, was hospi- talized here for shock after being pulled from the racing waters by the counsellor at a YWCA girls summer camp. Searchers recovered the body of Mrs. Olmon, who was also 33, several hours later, but were still seeking that of the child, Phillip, Rev. Olmon was on a month's leave between pastorates. He had been assigned to Augustana Lutheran Church at St. Jaines, after having served the Salem Lutheran Church at Rock- ford, 111., for 8 years. The family was vacationing on Hanging Horn Lake. Sheriff Oscar Juntunen of Carlton County said the pastor apparently misjudged the force of the rain-swollen river when he directed the boat into it from the lake. The craft was hurled into a bridge with only six inches clear- ance above the surface. Kathryn Haugen, St. Olaf College student, a counsellor at Camp Wanakiwin, operated by the Du- luth YWCA near the scene, beard the pastor's cries for help. With some other girls, she waded into the stream to pull him and of the children to safety. Danes Refuse U.S. Use of Air Bases COPENHAGEN, Denmark UP) Denmark's most powerful political party, the Social Democrats, in a surprise policy change today tor- pedoed plans for U. S. airmen and fighter planes to operate from Danish bases. Former Premier Hans Hedtoft the faction's chairman, 'told a party congress here that "as con- ditions are, we cannot accept this offer." "We feel that it would not im- prove the broad rallying around the Atlantic Pact to which it must be our task to Hedtoft added. I nsists Pact ROK Leader Raises Price For Armistice Seeks Withdrawal of U.N., Chinese Troops, Post-Armistice Terms, By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN SEOUL iff) South Korea's de- fiant President today raised his price for a truce in Korea and hotly rebuffed his critics even as special emissaries were flying here from Washington bent on getting him back in line. After Gen. Mark Clark had spent two days trying to 'get him in tow, tough old Syngman Rhee emerged and demanded terms which a U.S. embassy source here promptly labeled "totally unac- ceptable to the U.N. Command." Rhee, in an interview after the Clark conferences, said his price had to be paid or he would pull out the South Korean army from Clark's U.N. Command and go it alone. His terms: A mutual security pact with the United States; si- multaneous withdrawal of both U. N. and Chinese forces from Ko- rea; resumption of the war if three months post-armistice talks get no- where. Rhee's firm stand was voiced shortly before he was scheduled to go into conference with Assistant U.S. Secretary of State Walter S. Robertson and Gen. J. Lawton Col- lins, U. S. Army chief of staff, who are hurrying here from Wash- ington. Bitterly Denounced Rhee's release of more than 000 anti-Red Korean prisoners up- set, a truce just as it was about to be signed and drew down upon him criticism from abroad. Today, Lester B. Pearson, pres- ident of the U.N. Assembly, cabled he was shocked to hear of the unilateral action. Britain's Winston Churchill bitterly denounced Monday. The U.N. authorities should thank me for it instead of calling me a Rhee shot back in, his interview today. "Did anyone representing the U. N. or the U. .S. ever raise the question as to what the Commu- nists did with our prisoners of war? No one .did question the violation of all international law by the Communists but everyone is brave to condemn me as a violator. I do not understand such inconsistency." Rhee said the U.N. was risking failure through a "make-believe peace." He said U.S. soldiers had been told earlier in the war they were fighting a war in Korea that other- wise would have to be fought in their own backyard. Then Rhee asked: "Have you truly eliminated the danger of having to fight in your own U.S. Ambassador Ellis 0. Briggs conferred in Seoul with South Ko- rean Prime Minster Paik Too Chin who only recently returned from the U.S. Presumably they dis- cussed the situation arising from the prisoner releases. It remained in doubt whether Clark succeeded in his two day mission to quiet Rhee's heated ob- jections to a truce that leaves Ko- rea divided. Nothino to Sav Returning to Tokyo, Clark told reporters: "I have nothing more to say than I said yesterday." Asked about today's brief meet- ing with Rhee, he said, "I only stormed in for a few minutes." Assistant 'U. S. Secretary of .State Walter S. Robertson, fresh j from a secret meeting with Presi- dent Eisenhower, left Washington for Tokyo and Seoul. He was ac- companied by U. S. Army Chief of Staff Gen. J. Lawton Collins. Robertson carried a secret letter to Rhee from Secretary of State' Dulles. He was expected to tell the fiery 78-year-old Korean his policies are jeopardizing the very existence of his nation. After a 75-minute session with Rhee Monday, Clark said he encouraged but warned against. overoDtimism. Both Clark and the Eisenhower administration, observers said, were understood to be convinced the Communists reallv want an armistice. But U. N. officials were. reported deeply worried how to guarantee the Communists that South Korea would not violate its terms. Despite the crisis caused by the South Korean President, some- puzzling developments raised spec- ulation that Rhee be easing. his bitter opposition to a truce: 1. Reliable South Korean sources (Continued on 11, Column JO- KOREA two
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