Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 17, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight; Showers Thursday Afternoon or Evening Band Concert Tonight at Lake Park Bandshell VOLUME 53, NO. 102 SIX CENTS PER COPY WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 17, 1953 TWENTY PAGES Rosenbergs Get Stay of Execution Revolt in East Berlin Burning Red Books Up to State Dept., President Declares By MARVIN L, ARROWSMITH WASHINGTON Eisenhower said today it's all right with him if the State Department burns books which openly appeal for the Communist way of life. The Department can do as it pleases on that score, the Presi- dent told a news conference. He added he believes no one in this government should do any- thing which would contribute to destruction of the United States. Eisenhower declined to say whether his attack on book burn- ing in a speech at Dartmouth Col- lege Sunday was aimed at Sen. McCarthy McCarthy has been sharply criti- H- t cizing the State Department for 21C permitting books by Communist authors to be placed in libraries rt: Puzzling TODAY 5y JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON According to those who should know, the White House mood is increasingly uncer- tain and unhappy. The President shows the world a smiling face, but behind the splendidly confident facade there are growing doubts about the course he has charted. The question remains whether Ei- senhower's doubts will lead to a change of the Eisenhower course. The schism in the White House soul was very clearly .revealed .in the succession of speeches deliver- ed by the President on his trium- phal tour of the Midwestern and Eastern states. On the one hand, at the President delivered a sustained and closely reasoned attack on the theory of foreign policy (miscalled the "go-it-alone" theory) that Sen. Robert A. Taft has recently .been developing. And at Mount Rush- more, he declared that "our for- eign aid program as now conceiv- ed is indispensable to all our secur- ity arrangements" an obvious and direct hit at the desire of the Taftites in Congress to trim the foreign aid program with a meat abroad operated by the U. S. In- formation program. Books Removed Since the Eisenhower adminis- tration came into power, the de- partment has ordered such books removed from these libraries. McCarthy, in comment on Ei- senhower's Sunday speech, told re- porters Tuesday that "he (Eisen- hower) couldn't very well have been referring to me. I have burned no books." In his address at the Dartmouth commencement exercises Sunday, Eisenhower told the graduates: "Don't join the book burners. Don't think you are going tp- con- ceal faults by concealing evidence iat they ever At today's news conference, the President was asked .whether his Sunday remarks were directed at' 'the school of thought" represent- ed by McCarthy. Eisenhower replied that the re- porter ought to know he never deals in personalities. The President then went on to say he was against this govern- ment's stocking books abroad which would contribute to the des- truction of the U. S. But he said, as he did Sunday, that all Americans in this country should have free access to books which explain Communism. axe. Aimed at McCarthy Also at Mount Rushmore, the President pointedly remarked that we must "guard against those who pretend to defend freedom with weapons from the .arsenal of the tyrant, for to defend freedom in ways that destroy freedom is sui- cide." Members of the Eisenhower entourage went put of the way to disclose that this grave warning was aimed at the methods of Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy. Then at Dartmouth the President nobly denounced the "book burning" that has been started in the Amer- ican libraries overseas at the be- hest of the Wisconsin senator. In short, the President made his own position very plain. On the other "hand, however, the Presi- dent equally plainly indicated that he had no plans, as yet, for forc- ing his party to accept this posi- tion of his. At Mount Rushmore, he lauded political "co-operation and and he argued that he had to get his way by "patient persuasion, friendly contact." The theme was even more point- edly develoned at Oyster Bay. There the President spoke down- right defensively about this dis- inclination to quarrel with the Re- publicans who differ with him. Evidently the problem of political leadership is very much on Eisen-' bower's mind. It ought to be. War Declaration Only a day or so after the Mount Rushmore speech. Sen. Ro- bert A. Taft announced that he would give his strong support to the drive to cut the President's (Continued on Page 6, Column 7) ALSOPS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Generally fair tonight. Thursday partly cloudy and warmer, local thundershowers in afternoon or evening. Low to- night 60, high Thursday 86. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 82; minimum, 64; noon, 32; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. -Central Observations) Max. temp. 80 at noon, min. 64 at a.m., clouds scattered at feet, visibility 12 miles with haze, wind 11 miles per hour from northeast, barometer 29.98 falling slowly, humidity 63 per cent. ChaffieldGirl Dies as Auto Misses Curve Mary Ann Sisson Driver of Car; Three Hospitalized CHATFIELD, Minn. (Special) An 18-year-old Chatfield girl was instantly killed and three other Chatfield teen-agers were injured in an accident six miles north of here on Highway 52 about midnight Wednesday night. Dead is Mary Ann Sisson, daugh- ter of Mr. and Mrs. Harry J. Sis- son, driver of a sedan that went out of control on a turn, plunged into a ditch, rolled over several times and came to rest on its wheels 210 feet from the 'first skid marks. In Serious Condition In serious condition at St. Mary's Hospital in Rochester is Clarice Arsers, 17, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Arsers. She is suffer- ing lacerations of the left leg and possible bladder and kidney in- juries. The conditions of the two other occupants of the Grubb, 18, son of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Grubb, and Patricia Ann Holets, 16, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Otto Holets, were described as "satis- factory." Both are being held in St. Mary's Hospital for observation of possible head injuries. Dr. Theodore 0. Wellner, Olm- sted County coroner, said today it he Eisenhower also: Said he had sent a letter to President Syngman Rhee of South Korea, explaining this country's reasons for entering the war there, what its objectives were and where we stand now. The President did not say whether he was talking about a new message to Rhee or was referring to the one he sent on June 8. Eisenhower said he had made it clear in the letter that fears on the part of some that this country is weakening with re- spect to its objectives in the Ko- rean war, are completely ground- less. Big Scale Offensive Declared that the new, big scale Communist offensive in Korea at a time when an armistice seems imminent shows the complete indifference of the Communists for human life. The President also said, in response ,to a question, that he is not sure whether the offensive reflects a lack of sin- cerity on the part of the Reds. Described the anti Communist riots in East Berlin as significant, but declined to speculate as to just what they may mean. He said they disprove Communist stor- ies of happy people behind the Iron Curtain. Announced a proposed new or- der on distribution of security in- formation by government agencies a measure which may eventual- ly replace a controversial informa- tion order issued by former Pres- ident Truman in September, 1951. The Truman order extended to civilian federal agencies the same authority which military agencies and the State Department already had to withhold information for security reasons. The Truman order has come un- der fire from newspaper editors and others on the grounds that it could be used to bottle up infor- mation the public is rightfully en- titled to receive. Adm. Nimitz Returns Jap Ceremonial Sword TOKYO UPt-yAdm. Soemu Toyoda today got back the ceremonial sword he presented to Fleet Adm. Chester Nimitz after Japan lost the Pacific -War. Toyoda, 68, wartime, commander of Japan's combined fleet, gave bis sword to .Nimitz, commander of the U.' S. Pacific Fleet, in December, 1945. Nimitz, now retired returned the sword to commemorate Ja- pan's independence. 4-Fodf Alligator Caught in Illinois CHICAGO Two young boys went fishing in the Des Plaines River in suburban Wheeling Tuesday and thought they caught a turtle. Instead, they hooked a four- foot, eight-inch 60-pound alliga- tor on the end of their thin fishing line. While they fought their big catch, aj rarity in Illinois streams, witnesses on shore called sheriff's highway police. The boys, Larry Cokenower, 12, and Walt Myers, 13, began to head for shore as the alli- gator threatened their small boat. They looped their lines around its neck and beat it with their oars. When policemen Harry Shill and Edward Nechvatal ar- rived, they found Larry and Walt on shore, grinning over the corpse of the alligator. "The only time they were in the boys said, "was when we thought it was a tur- tle. We reached for' its nose." Congressman Indicted on Payroll Charge WASHINGTON A federal grand jury today indicted Rep. Ernest K. Bramblett (R-Calif) on charges of irregularities in the handling of his office payroll. An announcement by Attorney General Brownell said the indict- Martial Law Declared After 4-Hour Riot Russian-Staged Demonstration Gets Out of Hand By TOM REEDY BERLIN thousand rioters exploded a. four-hour revolt against Red rule in East Berlin today. Soviet troops, backed by tanks and armored cars, fired on the workers, and the Russian authorities declared martial law. The East Berliners hauled down and burned the Red flag, mauled German Communist officials and shouted "Ivan go home." But the drastic military action dispersed the crowds and ended the violence. No accurate account of casualties was available. At least one pedes- trian had been killed, and several wounded. Deputy Deserts At the height of the rioting Otto Nuschke, Deputy Prime Minister of the East German government, deserted to the West. Nuschke, 70, head of the collaborating wing of the Christian Democratic Party, long has been reported in hot wa- ter with Communist authorities. His party has been under fire since January when its deputy chairman, Foreign Minister Georg Dertinger, was arrested and charged with being a "spy." Nuschke crossed into the Amer- ican sector and reported to the ment accused the .Congressman in PoUce Barracks7 Thi The car, traveling south on the highway when Miss Sisson apparently lost control. She was thrown from the car after it had traveled approxi- mately 124 feet., The car landed on top of her before rolling on the remaining 86 feet before stopping. The car was facing the highway when it finally came to a stop, with the left front wheel about a foot and a half onto the shoulder of the road. The car was totally de- molished. A farmer living across the road heard the accident and called a uscu f two women carried on his official Congressional payroll. Berlin police said he applied for asylum. The revolt in Berlin, 100 miles said, Eighteen-Year-Old Gene Hamilton, working as a'stockman in a Gary, Ind., department store, slipped and fell while using the stock elevator and between the elevator and walls of the shaft! Two unidentified firemen crouched on the floor of the elevator to aid the Youth who was removed an hour and a half later when. was cut with torches and saws. Hamilton was taken to a hospital where his condition was described as fair. (AP Wirephoto) De- that Cease-Fire Line Reported Set by Truce Delegates By WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL UP! The fighting died abruptly early today on the Korean front in the wake of a reported agreement at Panmunjom on a cease-fire line. The hills of Eastern Korea, which had rocked for a week to the greatest Chinese Communist offensive in two years, were quiet except for the occasional clash of patrols and the crash of .artillery. On the bloody East-Central front, where Chinese had battled Republic of Korea troops all day jnside the Soviet occupation zone Wednesday, the only action report- Germany, started Tuesday as ed early Thursday was'a single a stage-managed parade in which workers marched to the East of Representatives in connection with changes in the payroll status of Mrs. Olga Hardaway, of Santa Barbara, Calif. Bramblett was charged in six other counts with making false statements relating ma.. G government headquarters mandin! sched- heard the accident and called a to checks totaling made out doctor and the Minnesota Highway j to Mrs_ jjardaway. Patrol. A Chatfield ambulance i seven counts took the injured to Rochester. Funeral on Friday charged false statements in con- inection with in checks made Funeral services will be held j out to Mrs. Margaret M.. Swanson Friday at 9 a.m. at St. Mary's of Arlington, Va. Catholic Church here, the Rt. Rev. j William F. Coleman officiating. Friends may call at the Sisson home after 1 p.m. 'Thursday. The rosary will be said at the home Thursday at 8 p.m. Burial will be in St. Mary's Cemetery. Surviving are her parents; a brother, John, at home; and her grandmothers, Mrs. Henrietta Sis- International Falls Mayor Kelley Dies MINNEAPOLIS W! Mayor ules. 'Policy of Freedom' Apparently the government in- tended to show its new found policy of freedom and democracy by allowing the workers to demon- strate. The movement got out of hand. Everybody with a gripe cast caution to the winds today and workers began calling a general strike. After East Berlin police vainly battled to stem the tide of rioting, green-helmeted Soviet troops, amounting to a regimental combat team (perhaps men) were called in. Archie Kelley, 51, of International Falls died in Veterans Hospital Tuesday night after a long illness. He flew to International Falls son and Mrs, Nora Manahan, both i May 30 for ceremonies in connec- of Chatfield. tion with inauguration of air serv- Born in Rochester Sept. 24, 1934, ice to his city and returned to she was a 1952 graduate of Chat-j the hospital for an operation June field High School. _ patrol clash. It still was too early to say. whether 'the fighting was dying to zero as the hour of armistice approached, but another 24 hours probably will'tell the story. Communist correspondents at Panmunjom had suggested, that everyone watch what happened at the apparent reference to a halt, of the Red attack. Communist loud speakers along the front blared that there would be an armistice by June 25, third anniversary of the war. The Chinese had smacked into South Korean troops Wednesday on both sides of the East Central front, and appeared to be building up for a greater "attack by dark. But that attack never came. Washington sources also report- 1 V: East German Demonstrators -mill, around in background after a Communist party car-was overturned by rioters during today's revolt against Red rule in East Berlin. This scene is in front of the Bed labor union headquarters on. Unter den Tanks deployed against the work- j ed agreement on a truce. But there ers. Gunfire echoed at several was no immediate word as to places where the biggest crowds j wnether the agreement took into were gathered. The people attack-1 account the changes made by the ed tanks with stones and disabled current Red offensive in East-Cen- at least one with a log jammed jjorea into the treads. But the mobs had Two teams Of-staff officers con- to give way. The core .of the yened after tne plenary session, demonstration was scattered. One group reportedly working on the demarcation line met for eight hours then adjourned without scheduling another meeting, sug- gesting that they had completed their work. The line runs mostly north of the, 38th Parallel although it drops south of it in the extreme western area. The agreement was understood here to have removed the last ma- jor item standing in the way of a final, full understanding on a truce. Nonetheless, it was indicated that for reasons not fully apparent at the moment it may be several days before a final truce agreement is signed. Arkansas Voters Kill Race Track FORREST CITY, Ark. posed establishment of a second Arkansas horse-racing track near here is a dead issue, killed by St. Francis County voters. The tally in yesterday's special election was to against the track sought by the St. Francis County Turf Association and op- posed by church groups and others. Divine guidance and defeat of the track proposal had been asked in all-night sessions Monday night at Forrest City churches. Prices Decline NEW YORK W-Wholesale food prices declined the Dun Bradstreet index.this week but were still per cent higher than a year ago. At the index compared with last week and in the same week of 1952. Linden. Russian authorities declared martial law for the Soviet sector after Russian troops' fired on the demonstrating workers.' (AP Wirephoto to 'The Republican-Herald) Sen. Taft Leaves New York Hospital NEW YORK UP) .U. S. Sen. Robert A, Taft, Republican Senate leader, left New York Hospital today after "examinations and treatments" of a hip ailment. The Ohio senator entered the hospital last Friday. A few days earlier he announced the condi- tion was "serious" and he would have to relinquish his Senate floor leadership for the remainder oi this session of Congress. He was succeeded by Sen. Knowland of California. Exact nature of his ailment has not been disclosed. Body of Missing Fairmont Man Found in Lake FAIRMONT, Minn, body of a Fairmont man missing since Friday was found shortly after dawn today. Five boatloads of searchers came upon the body of George Gordon, 44, at a.m. in Budd Lake. The water was calm and it was believed churning action of a boat motor caused the body to ise. Gordon was a musician and worked at Fairmont Motors. Jet Pilot Steers Crashing Plane Away From School FORESTVTLLE, Md. pilot of an F86 jet plane was cred- ited by eyewitnesses today with steering his disabled plane into a clump of woods rather than1 crash- ing it onto a 'schoplground where children were playing. The plane exploded in midair just before hitting the trees and scattering wreckage over a 200- yard area near the scboolground. The pilot, tentatively identified as Capt. Francis T. Evans of Wash- ington, D. C., was killed. Witnesses said he either tried to baE out or was ejected from the crashing plane seconds after he headed it for the wooded area. Fred Spinks, president of the Forestville Citizens Association, who saw the crash, said: "It was an act of heroism. The .plane would have hit the school if .he hadn't steered it away." A spokesman at nearby Andrews Air Force Base said something went wrong with" the plane's hy- draulic system. Search for Illinois Lawmaker Continues CHICAGO and -state fd-.- lice continued their intensive hunt today for State Rep. Clem Graver and his three kidnapers. Joseph D. <Bibb, state director of public safety, said a search for Graver was. being made in the East St. Louis area-because Grav- er may have had some contacts there. In Springfield Tuesday, the Leg- islature acted toward posting a reward in kidnap- ing. Final approval was expected today. Justice Douglas Puts Off Death Of Atomic Spies Government Asks 'Unprecedented' Move Be Reversed WASHINGTON Wt-Julius. a n d Ethel Rosenberg won a stay of execution from a single Supreme Court Justice today but the govern- ment immediately moved for reversal by the full court. Atty. Gen. Brownell, in announc- ing the appeal- to the entire bench, described as "unprecedented" the action of Justice Douglas in grant- ing the indefinite stay to the atom spy team. Just-when the court will sit on the matter is something for Chief Justice yinson to decide. The tribunal on Monday ordered a recess until October, but Vinson can reconvene the court at any time. The court on Monday had re- jected by a 5-4 vote the Rosen- bergs' plea for a stay of execution and a review of their trial. Douglas based his action today, in granting the stay on the question of whether the Rosenbergs were tried and sentenced under tht proper law. In a statement accompanying his decision, Douglas said that he Asks Impeachment W Rep. Wheeler (D-Ga) told House today he would introduce bill "within hour" to impeich Supreme Court Justice Douglas who granted stay of execution' to atom spies Julius and Ethel' Rosenberg. Cheers and ap- plause greeted Wheeler's ment. the power to- grant a stay after the Supreme Court itself to do so, only if it is on not before considered by the court. Serious Doubts He noted that he based his ac- tion on a point not previously raised in appeals to the high court. Douglas said he has serious doubts whether- the judge who sentenced the couple had the right to send them to the electric chair because they were not tried under the law dealing specifically with atomic espionage.' The husband and wife had been scheduled to die at 9 p.m. (CST) Thursday in the" electric chair at Sing Sing prison at Ossining, N. Y. Douglas granted his stay on the purely legal ground of which law should prevail. Defense attorneys claimed that the Atomic Energy Act superseded the Espionage Laws under which the Rosenbergs -were convicted. The Atomic Energy Act was passed in 1945. It provides that the death sentence'can be impoied only on the specific recommenda- tion of the jury and when it has been found that the offense made with an attempt to injure the United States.. Douglas said neither of these re- quirements was fulfilled in the case of the Rosenbergs. His order had the effect of send- ing the case, back to the U. S. Dis- trict Court in New York for a de- cision on. the legal point. Printed Statement In his eight-page printed state- ment, Douglas wrote: "I do not decide that' the death penalty could have been imposed on the Rosenbergs only if the pro- visions of section 10 of the Atomic Energy Act were satisfied. I mere- .y decide that the question is a substantial one which should be decided after full argument and deliberation. "It is important that the country je protected against the nefarious plans of spies who would destroy us. "It is also important that before we allow human lives to be snuffed out we be sure' emphatically sure that we act within the law. f we are'not sure, there will be ingering doubts to plague the con- science after the event." The husband arid wife are in separate cells in the death house. Several times previously, they lave been scheduled for electrocu- ion, only to receive a temporary egai reprieve. The point on which Douglas granted the stay was raised by two lawyers who have been! de- e'ribed by the Rosenberg trial udge, Irving R. Kaufman, as "in- ruders and interlopers." The law- 'ers are Fyke Farmer of Nashville, ?enn., and Daniel G. Marshall of Angeles, Calif. Douglas' Uth hour stay put off he execution to an indefinite date if it is to be carried out. The, Supreme Court Justice is- sued an eight-page printed state- ment saying he would not issue a writ of .habeas corpus, as the Ros- enberg lawyers and asked.